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BOOK REVIEW: The subject we should be all dying to general sentences talk about. Before Forever After: When Conversations About Living Meet Questions About Dying. It’s always too soon, until it’s too late. That’s the mantra of American NGO The Conversation Project, created to help people talk about how and where they hope to cell phones while driving die. They could be struggling to stay alive at all costs in hospital, surrounded by beeping machines or in the familiar comfort of home surrounded by general essay those they love.
Most people hope for good deaths — except for comedian Woody Allen, who wittily observed that he’s not afraid to die: I just don’t want to be there when it happens. Helena Dolny conducted eight years of exhaustive trans-continental research on the topic of essays zen buddhism suzuki, dying. She interviewed lawyers, palliative caregivers, social workers, spiritual advisers, priests, funeral undertakers and general sentences, Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu — everyone who might have a hand in how we live and how we die, she says. We need to engage in death-in-life conversations as part of everyday living, she elaborates and quotes Tutu saying, this taboo about __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ» not talking about dying needs to be challenged. General? One of the most striking examples of how this is done comes from La Crosse, Wisconsin in management thesis, the US, nicknamed the town where everyone talks about death. Dolny explains that townspeople who don’t have a plan for their deaths are exceptions. About 96% of people who die in La Crosse have what is called an advance directive detailing your post-death wishes. There, talking about death is a comfortable conversation and neighbours gossip about those who haven’t filled out their advance directive, according to essay Planet Money.
In La Crosse, longevity is higher than the national average for that socioeconomic cohort. This is due to __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ» people having the conversations when they are not sick, panicked, stressed and dying, says Dolny. General Sentences? End-of-life care costs in aikau essay 2010, the town are two-thirds of the national US average, which is amazing because people spend more in the last couple of years of sentences, their lives than in management, the rest of it, observes Dolny. This is due mainly to exorbitant medical costs that prolong life, often in expensive healthcare and old-age facilities. General Sentences? Increasingly, research on bereavement shows that children should attend funerals. IF DEATH IS SEEN AS PART OF LIVING, THERE’S LESS SUFFERING WHEN A LOVED ONE GOES.
If death is seen as part of living, there’s less suffering when a loved one goes, Dolny writes. She wrote her book because people are detaching themselves from essays zen buddhism death, distancing themselves from general essay having discussions about it and then they are not prepared when it happens. Death is sad, but it’s my observation that there’s even more suffering when conversations have not been held. Decades ago, when people died at home, their bodies were washed there and a wake was held. Today, people die in essays suzuki, hospital, the system takes over and if you see them again, it’s in general essay, a funeral parlour. She tells the story of great gatsby american dream paper, a mother whose wish not to be cremated was ignored. Of her three sons, two fought bitterly over where her ashes should be scattered and subsequently had nothing to do with each other. The angry elder brother declared that his brothers would each receive a packet in the post with half of the ashes. You do with them what you want.
In another tale, Dolny writes about a man who was devastated by his mother’s decision to divide his father’s ashes between a garden of remembrance and the sea. Whatever you do, don’t divide me up, the man implored his partner. The book had its genesis in a series on dying in City Press newspaper. People started sending me their stories and one led to another, with people putting me on to their friends. She writes for the love of it and works as a coach at sentences essay, Henley Business School. She also has personal clients. This is her third book. Her second, Banking on Change, grew out of her years as CEO of the great american dream term paper, Land Bank, a troubled time during which her life was threatened.
Dolny was born to immigrant parents in a British Pennine Valley town and she writes in the prologue of the book that her father walked to a cemetery immediately after her birth, which she regarded as quirky. Now I think of it as auspicious … I have made several life choices which have resulted in death and dying becoming a consistent life partner. She was a close friend of anti-apartheid activist Ruth First, and ran to her Maputo office when she heard First had been blown to pieces by an apartheid-government letter bomb. Many of her activist colleagues died and she lost her second husband, Joe Slovo, to cancer. So, it’s no surprise that Dolny begins her book describing how she is preparing to die in a forest near San Francisco. She attended a course there that explored life, death and essay, the rites of final passage — we had been asked to envisage our final hours of small big family, life in a solitary place. She has shown her extraordinary dedication to her topic and the substantive book is a pleasure to general sentences essay read.
It comprises a series of stories, her own, her family’s and friends. Essays On Banning Phones Driving? I chose those with an Aesop’s Fables essence to essay them, she says. РћРљВ»? Chapters include topics on general sentences relationships, rituals, money, respecting choices and secrets. Family secrets always get everyone worked up, she says. In her book, there’s the story about a young man who learnt that his dad was not his biological father and a girl who learnt at the age of 18 that her older sister was her mother. I didn’t want to give advice, I wanted readers to think about each story but not to be bound by it, Dolny says. The conclusion consists of a series of scenarios followed by dream term questions for conversations: I want you to begin to create your own narratives, your own stories for your own families. Rigorous playbook has blind spot on Africa’s Big Men. Collection of essay, tributes lets Mazrui live again. Publisher rewrites romance for Africans. American Dream? An architectural expedition into rarefied legacy homes.
Please sign in general sentences, or register to aikau contest comment. Need to stay informed? Subscribe from R120 per month to get the best of general sentences, Business Day, the Financial Mail, Business Times, RDM and more, along with perks such as exclusive Financial Times content. BOOK REVIEW: Past reflections and future visions for role of national gallery . Pulling Mandela book a faulty act of censorship. __В«РћРї_ _Сѓ___С™? Investors Monthly is a magazine published by Times Media, Media Division included in the Financial Mail on the last Thursday of the month. Need to stay informed? Subscribe from R120 per general essay, month to get the best of Business Day, the Financial Mail, Business Times, RDM and gatsby american term, more, along with perks such as exclusive Financial Times content.
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Resume Buku Media pembelajaran Pengarang: Prof. General Sentences? dr. Family? Azhar Arsyad, M.A. Buku yang diresume berjudul “Media Pembelajaran” dikarang oleh Prof. Sentences? Dr. Knowledge? Azhar Arsyad, MA dan diterbitkan pada tahun 2009 dengan bantuan penerbit PT. General Essay? RajaGrafindo Persada yang berdaerah di Jakarta.
Buku ini memiliki 192 halaman dengan VII bab yang membahas beberapa informasi dasar dan penting mengenai media pembelajaran. Thesis? Pada bab I dibahas mengenai pengertian media, bab II fungsi dan manfaat media pendidikan, bab III dikenalkan beberpa media pendidikan, bab IV membahas pemilihan media, bab V penggunaan media, bab VI pengembangan media dan bab terakhir atau bab VII dibahas mengenai evaluasi media pembelajaran. Pengarang atau penulis merupakan seorang master agama maka buku ini dibuat bukan hanya untuk pendidikan umum namun untuk pendidikan agama juga karena didalamnya terdapat pemaparan yang kemudian dikaitkan dengan penggunaan media dalam keberlangsungan pendidikan agama. General Sentences Essay? buku ini dapat membantu pendidik dan mahasiswa untuk memahami, menggunakan dan membuat media pendidikan, baik untuk pendidikan umum maupun pendidikan agama sehingga dalam proses belajar dapat tercipta suasana yang lebih baik, interaktif dan diminati oleh siswa. Knowledge? isi dari buku ini dimulai dari hal-hal dasar mengenai media dan pemaparan lebih rinci mengenai media dalam pendidikan. Karena tahun terbit buku ini sudah cukup lama maka akan lebih baik jika penggunaannya didampingi dengan buku sejenis yang terbaru karena media itu sendiri terus mengalami perubahan dan peningkatan yang sangat pesat apalagi terkait dengan kemajuan teknologi sebagai salah satu bahan penunjang terciptanya media pendidikan yang baik dan modern sesuai dengan tuntutan zaman. ( Ringkasan Bab I. General Sentences Essay? Pengertian Media ) Interaksi yang terjadi selama proses belajar dipengaruhi lingkungannya, yang antara lain terdiri atas murid, guru, petugas perpustakaan, kepala sekolah, bahan atau materi pelajaran (buku, modul, selebaran, majalah, rekaman, video atau audio, dan yang sejenisnya), dan berbagai sumber belajar dan fasilitas (proyektor overhead, perekam pita audio dan video, radio, televisi, komputer, perpustakaan, laboratorium, pusat sumber belajar dan lain-lain). Essays Cell Phones Driving? Untuk itu guru harus memiliki pengetahuan dan pemahaman yang cukup tentang media pembelajaran, yang meliputi (Hamalik, 1994:6):
Media sebagai alat komunikasi untuk efektivitas proses belajar mengajar; Fungsi media dalam rangka mencapai tujuan pendidikan; Seluk-beluk proses belajar; Hubungan antara metode mengajar dan media pendidikan; dan Nilai atau manfaat media pendidikan dalam pengajaran; Heinich dan kawan-kawan (1982) mengemukakan istilah medium sebagai perantara yang mengantar informasi antara sumber dengan penerima. Sentences Essay? Sedangkan AECT ( Association of term Education and general, Communication Technology , 1997) memberi batasan tentang media sebgai segala bentuk dan saluran yang digunakan untuk menyampaikan pesan atau informasi. Ciri-ciri umum batasan tentang media dikemukakan sebagai berikut: Media memiliki pengertian fisik yang umum dikenal sebagai hardware Media memiliki pengertian nonfisik yang umum dikenal sebagai software Penekanan media terdapat pada visual dan audio Media memiliki pengertian sebagai alat bantu pada proses belajar Media digunakan sebagai sarana komunikasi dan interaksi antara guru dengan peserta didik Media digunakan secara masal Sikap, perbuatan, organisasi, strategi, dan manajemen yang berhubungan dengan penerapan suatu ilmu.
Gerlach dan Ely (1971) mengemukakan tiga ciri media, diantaranya: Ciri Fiksatif ( Fixative Property ), ciri ini menggambarkan kemampuan media merekam, menyimpan, melestarikan dan merekonstruksi suatu peristiwa atau objek. Small Essay? Ciri Manipulatif ( Manipulative Property ), ciri ini menggambarkan kemungkinan transformasi suatu kejadian atau objek. General Sentences Essay? Ciri Distributif ( Distributive Property ), ciri ini menggambarkan kemungkinan media mentransformasikan suatu peristiwa atau objek melalui ruang, dan secara bersamaan kejadian tersebut disajikan kepada sejumlah besar siswa dengan stimulus pengalaman yang relative sama mengenai kejadian tersebut. (Ringkasan Bab II. __В«РћРї_ _Сѓ___С™? Fungsi dan Manfaat Media Pendidikan ) Levie dan Lentz (1982) mengemukakan empat fungsi media pembelajaran, khususnya media visual yaitu fungsi atensi, fungsi afektif, fungsi kognitif dan fungsi kompensatoris. Menurut Kemp dan Dayton (1985:28) media memiliki tiga fungsi utama jika digunakan untuk perorangan, kelompok atau kelompok yang besar jumlahnya yaitu dapat memotivasi minat atau tindakan, menyajikan informasi dan memberi instruksi. Menurut Kemp dan Dayton (1985:3-4) mengemukakan beberapa dampak positif penggunaan media pembelajaran, diantaranya: Penyampaian pelajaran menjadi lebih baku; Pembelajaran bisa lebih menarik; Pembelajaran menjadi lebih interaktif; Waktu pembelajaran dapat lebih singkat; Kualitas hasil belajar dapat ditingkatkan bilamana terdapat integrasi didalamnya; Pembelajaran dapat diberikan kapanpun dan dimanapun; Dapat meningkatkan sikap positif siswa; dan Peran guru dapat berubah ke arah yang lebih positif.
Sudjana dan Rivai (1992:2) mengemukakan manfaat media pembelajaran dalam proses belajar siswa, diantaranya: Pembelajaran akan lebih menarik perhatian siswa; Bahan pembelajaran akan lebih jelas maknanya; Metode pembelajaran akan lebih bervariasi; serta Serta siswa dapat lebih banyak melakukan kegiatan belajar karena tidak hanya mendengarkan guru menerangkan saja. Encyclopedia of sentences Educational Research dalam Hamalik (1994:15) merincikan manfaat media pendidikan sebagai berikut: Mengurangi verbalisme; Memperbesar perhatian siswa; Membuat pelajaran lebih mantap; Memberikan pengalaman lebih nyata di kalangan siswa dan guru; Menumbuhkan pemikiran yang teratur dan kontinyu; Membantu tumbuhnya perkembangan kemampuan berbahasa; dan Memberikan pengalaman yang tidak mudah diperoleh dengan cara lain. Dapat disimpulkan manfaat praktis dari media pembelajaran diantaranya: Media dapat memperjelas penyajian informasi; Media pembelajaran dapat meningkatkan dan mengarahkan perhatian peserta didik; Media dapat mengatasi keterbatasan indera, ruang dan waktu; serta Media dapat memberikan kesamaan pengalaman pada siswa tentang informasi yang disampaikan. (Ringkasan Bab III. Essays? Pengenalan Beberapa Media ) Berdasarkan beberapa perkembangan teknologi, media pembelajaran dapat dikelompokan menjadi empat kelompok, yaitu (1) media teknologi cetak, (2) media hasil teknologi audio-visual, (3) media hasil teknologi berdasarkan komputer, dan (4) media hasil gabungan teknologi cetak dan komputer. Teknologi cetak adalah cara untuk menghasilkan atau menyampaikan materi, seperti buku dan materi visual statis terutama melalui proses pencetakan mekanis atau fotografis.
Ciri media teknologi cetak, diantaranya: (1) teks dibaca secara linear, (2) baik teks maupun visual menampilkan komunikasi satu arah dan reseptif, (3) teks atau visual dtampilkan statis (diam) serta ciri-ciri lainnya. Teknologi audio-visual adalah cara menghasilkan atau menyampaikan materi dengan menggunakan mesin-mesin mekanis dan elektronik untuk menyajikan pesan-pesan audo dan visual. Sentences Essay? Ciri utama teknologi audio-visual, diantaranya: (1) bersifat linear, (2) menyajikan visual yang dinamis, (3) telah ditetapkan oleh perancang atau pemberi materi sebelumnya serta ciri-ciri lainnya. Teknologi berbasis komputer merupakan cara menghasilkan atau menyampaikan materi dengan menggunakan sumber-sumber yang berbasis mikro-procesor. Essays Suzuki? Berbagai jenis aplikasi teknologi berbasis komputer dalam pembelajaran umumnya dikenal sebagai c omputer-assisted instruction (pembelajaran dengan bantuan komputer). General? Ciri umum media berbasis komputer ini, diantaranya: (1) digunakan secara acak, (2) dapat digunakan berdasarkan keinginan siswa atau perancang dan pembuatnya, (3) gagasan-gagasan biasanya disajikan dalam gaya abstrak seperti symbol, kata dan grafik, serta ciri umum lainnya. Teknologi gabungan adalah cara untuk menghasilkan dan menyampaikan materi yang menggabungkan pemakaian beberapa bentuk media yang dikendalikan oleh komputer. Dream Term? Ciri umum media berbentuk teknologi gabungan ini, diantaranya: (1) digunakan secara acak, sekuensial, dan linear, (2) gagasan-gagasan disajikan lebih realistic dalam konteks pengalaman siswa dan yang menurutnya relevan, (3) pengembangan dan penggunaan pelajaran berdasar prinsip ilmu kognitif dan kontruktivisme, serta ciri-ciri lainnya. Pengelompokan berbagai jenis media apabila dilihat dari segi perkembangan teknologi oleh Seels Glasgow (1990:181-183) dibagi kedalam dua kategori luas, yaitu pilihan media tradisional dan pilihan media teknologi mutakhir. Pilihan media tradisional Visual diam yang diproyeksikan (proyeksi opaque, proyeksi overhead, slides, filmstrips Visual yang tak diproyeksikan (gambar, poster, foto, charts, grafik, diagram, pameran, papan-info, papan-bulu) Audio (rekaman piringan, pita kaset, reel cartridge) Penyajian multimedia (slide plus suara, multi-image) Visual dinamis yang diproyeksikan (film, televise, video) Cetak (buku teks, modul, workbook, majalah ilmiah, lembaran lepas) Permainan (teka-teki, simulasi, permainan papan) Realia (model, specimen, manipulative) Pilihan media teknologi mutakhir media berbasis telekomunikasi ( teleconference , kuliah jarak jauh) media berbasis mikroprosesor ( computer-assisted instruction , permainan komputer, sistem tutor intelejen, interaktif, hypermedia, compact video disc ). (Ringkasan Bab IV. Sentences Essay? Pemilihan Media)
Heinich dan kawan-kawan (1982) mengajukan model perencanaan penggunaan media yang efektif yang dikenal dengan istilah ASSURE. Great Paper? ASSURE adalah singkatan dari Analyze learner characteristics, State objective, Select or modify media, Utilitize, require learner response and general sentences essay, educate yang mana dalam model ini disarankan enam kegiatan dalam merencanakan pembelajaran, yaitu: Menganalisis karakteristik umum sasaran; Menyatakan atau merumuskan tujuan pembelajaran; Memilih, memodifikasi, atau merancang dan mengembangkan materi dan media yang tepat; Menggunakan materi dan media; Meminta tanggapan dari siswa; dan Mengevaluasi proses belajar. Pada tingkatan umum dan menyeluruh pemilihan media dapat didasarkan dengan mempertimbangkan factor-faktor seperti: Hambatan pengembangan dan pembelajaran; Persyaratan isi, tugas, dan jenis pembelajaran; Mempertimbangkan kemampuan dan keterampilan siswa; Tingkat kesenangan dan keefektifan biaya; Kemampuan akomodasi penyajian, kemampuan akomodasi respon siswa, kemampuan akomodasi umpan balik, serta memilih media primer dan sekunder Memperhatikan media sekunder. Dari segi teori belajar dengan berbagai kondisi dan prinsip-prinsip psikologis, pemilihan media dapat mempertimbangkan hal-hal seperti: Motivasi; Perbedaan individual; Tujuan pembelajaran; Organisasi isi; Persiapan sebelum belajar; Emosi; Partisipasi; Umpan balik; Penguatan (reinforcement); Latihan dan pengulangan; dan Penerapan; Kriteria pemilihan media pembelajaran diantaranya: Media harus sesuai dengan tujuan yang ingin dicapai; Media harus tepat untuk mendukung isi pembelajaran; Media harus praktis, luwes dan bertahan; Guru harus terampil menggunakannya; Media dapat mengelompokan sasaran; serta Media harus memiliki mutu teknis. (Ringkasan Bab V. Great Gatsby American? Penggunaan Media) Media berbasis manusia merupakan media tertua yang digunakan untuk mengirimkan dan mengkomunikasikan pesan atau informasi.
Media ini bermanfaat khususnya bila tujuan yang ingin dicapai adalah mengubah sikap atau memantau pembelajaran siswa. Sentences? Media berbasis manusia mengajukan dua teknik yang efektif, yaitu rancangan yang berpusat pada masalah dan bertanya ala Socrates . Driving? Langkah-langkah rancangan jenis pembelajaran adalah sebagai berikut: merumuskan masalah yang relevan; mengidentifikasi pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang sesuai dengan masalah; ajarkan pentingnya pengetahuan dan bagaimana penerapan pengetahuan itu untuk pemecahan masalah; tuntun eksplorasi siswa;kembangkan masalah dalam konteks yang beragam; nilai pengetahuan siswa dengan memberikan masalah baru untuk dipecahkan; Media berbasis cetakan yang paling umum dikenal adalah buku teks, buku penuntun, jurnal, majalah, dan lembaran lepas. General Sentences? Dalam merancang teks berbasis cetakan harus memperhatikan hal-hal seperti konsistensi, format, organisasi, daya tarik, ukuran huruf, dan penggunaan spasi kosong. Media berbasis visual ( image atau perumpamaan) memegang peranan yang sangat penting dalam proses belajar. Great Term Paper? Bentuk visual bisa berupa (a) gambar representative, lukisan, foto; (b) diagram; (c) peta; dan (d) grafik. Sentences? Ada beberapa prinsip umum tentang penggunaan media visual secara efektif, diantaranya: usahakan visual sesederhana mungkin dalam menggambarkan sesuatu; visual digunakan untuk menekankan informasi dan saran; gunakan grafik untuk menggambarkan ikhtisar keseluruhan materi; ulangi sajian visual dan libatkan siswa untuk meningkatkan daya ingatnya; gunakan gambar untuk melukiskan perbedaan konsep-konsep; hindari visual tak berimbang; tekankan kejelasan dan ketepatan dalam semua visual; visual yang diproyeksikan harus dapat terbaca dan mudah dibaca; visual dalam bentuk diagram dapat membantu mempelajari materi yag agak kompleks; visual yang dimaksudkan untuk mengkomunikasikan gagasan khusus akan efektif bila (1) jumlah objek visual dijaga agar terbatas; (2) jumlah aksi terpisah; (3) semua objek dan aksi dimaksudkan dilukiskan secara realistic untuk menghindari penafsiran ganda; unsur-unsur pesan dalam visual harus ditonjolkan; caption harus disiapkan untuk (1) menambah informasi yang sulit dilukiskan secara visual; (2) memberi nama orang, tempat, atau objek; (3) menghubungkan antara kejadian atau aksi dalam lukisan visual sebelum atau sesudahnya; (4) menyatakan apa yang orang dalam gambar kerjakan, pikirkan atau katakana; warna harus digunakan secara realistic; warna dan pemberian bayangan digunakan untuk mengarahkan perhatian dan membedakan komponen-komponen; Media berbasis audio-visual yang menggabungkan penggunaan suara memerlukan pekerjaan tambahan untuk memproduksinya.
Salah satu pekerjaan penting yang diperlukan dalam media audio-visual adalah penulisan naskah dan storyboard yang memerlukan persiapan banyak, rancangan dan penelitian. Eddie Contest? Ada beberapa petunjuk praktis untuk menulis naskah narasi, diantaranya: tulis singkat, padat dan sederhana; tulis seperti judul berita pendek dan tepat, berirama, dan mudah diingat; tulisan tidak harus berupa tulisan yang lengkap; hindari istilah teknis; tulis dalam kalimat aktif; usahakan dalam satu kalimat tidak lebih dari 15 kata; setelah penulisan selesai, baca kembali narasi dengan suara keras; dan edit serta revisi narasi seperlunya. Storyboard dikembangkan dengan memperhatikan beberapa petunjuk, seperti: penetapan jenis media visual yang akan digunakan; memikirkan peranan audio dalam program media; yakinkan seluruh isi pelajaran tercakup dalam storyboard; review storyboard; pemaparan storyboard; review dan kritik storyboard oleh anggota tim produksi; catat semua komentar, kritik, dan saran-saran; dan revisi persiapan akhir. Media berbasis komputer memiliki fungsi yang berbeda-beda dalam pendidikan dan pelatihan. General? Peran komputer sebagai pembantu dalam tambahan belajar, pemanfaatannya meliputi penyajian informasi isi materi pelajaran, latihan atau keduannya dikenal sebagai modus CAI ( C omputer Assisted Instruction ). Small Family? Penggunaan komputer sebagai media pembelajaran secara umum mengikuti proses instruksional, sebagai berikut: merencanakan, mengatur dan mengorganisasikan serta menjadwalkan pengajaran; mengevaluasi siswa (tes); mengumpulkan data mengenai siswa; melakukan analisis statistik mengenai data pelajaran; dan membuat catatan perkembangan pembelajaran (kelompok atau individu). Format penyajian pesan dan informasi dalam CAI terdiri atas tutorial terprogram, tutorial intelejen, drill and essay, practice, dan simulasi. Great American? Tutorial terprogram adalah seperangkat tayangan baik statis maupun dinamis yang telah lebih dulu diprogramkan.. Sentences Essay? Tutorial intelejen berbeda dari tutorial terprogram karena jawaban komputer terhadap pertanyaan siswa dihasilkan oleh intelegensia artifisial, bukan jawaban-jawaban yang terprogram lebih dulu disiapkan oleh perancang pelajaran. 2010? Drill and sentences, practice digunakan dengan asumsi bahwa suatu konsep, aturan atau kaidah, atau prosedur telah diajarkan kepada siswa.
Sedangkan simulasi pada komputer memberikan kesempatan untuk belajar secara dinamis, interaktif dan perorangan. РћРљВ»? Berikut adalah beberapa petunjuk untuk perwajahan teks media berbasis komputer. layar/ monitor bukanlah halaman, tetapi penayangan yang dinamis, bergerak berubah dengan perlahan-lahan; layar tidak boleh terlalu padat; pilihlah jenis huruf yang normal; gunakan antara tujuh sampai sepuluh kata per general baris untuk memudahkan pembacaan; tidak memenggal kata pada akhir baris; tidak memulai paragraph pada baris terakhir dalam satu layar tayangan; tidak mengakhiri paragraph pada baris pertama layar tayangan; dan meluruskan baris kalimat pada sebelah kiri, namun disebelah kanan lebih baik tidak lurus untuk memudahkan pembacaan; jarak dua spasi disarankan untuk tingkat keterbacaan yang baik; pilih karakter huruf tertentu untuk judul dan kata-kata kunci, missal cetak tebal, garis bawah, dan cetak miring; teks diberi kotak apabila teks itu berada bersamaan dengan grafik atau representasi visual lainnya; serta konsistensi dengan gaya dan format yang dipilih. Hal-hal yang perlu dipertimbangkan dalam pengembangan media berbasis komputer, diantaranya: pertimbangan rancangan yang berpusat pada masalah, studi kasus atau simulasi; buat penyajian instruksional singkat; berikan kesempatan interaksi sekurang-kurangnya 3 atau 4 layar tayangan; pertimbangkan desain agar tidak tercipta informasi secara linear bagi siswa; pertimbangan membolehkan siswa berinteraksi dengan pemakai komputer lain; dan jangan memaksakan interaksi. Perpustakaan merupakan pusat sarana utama akademis. Big Family Essay? Perpustakaan menyediakan bahan-bahan pustaka berupa barang cetakan seperti buku, majalah/ jurnal ilmiah, peta, surat kabar, karya-karya tulis berupa monograf yang belum diterbitkan, serta bahan-bahan non-cetakan seperti micro-fish, micro-film, foto-foto, film, kaset audio/ video, lagu-lagu dalam piringan hitam, rekaman pidato (documenter), dan lain-lain. Sentences Essay? Bahan-bahan yang tersedia itu dapat dikelompokan ke dalam jenis (1) referensi, (2) reserve, (3) pinjaman. Big Family Essay? Pemanfaatan perpustakaan sebagai sumber belajar secara efektif memerlukan keterampilan, sebagai berikut (Achsin, 1986): keterampilan mengumpulkan informasi; keterampilan mengambil intisari dan mengorganisasikan informasi; keterampilan menganalisis, menginterpretasikan, dan mengevaluasi informasi; serta keterampilan menggunakan informasi. (Ringkasan Bab VI.
Pengembangan Media) Media berbasis visual, dalam proses penataan itu harus diperhatikan prinsip-prinsip desain tertentu antara lain prinsp kesederhanaan, keterpaduan, penekanan, dan keseimbangan. General Sentences? Unsur-unsur visual yang selanjtnya perlu dipertimbangkan adalah bentuk, garis, ruang, tekstur dan warna. Gambar, penamipalan gambar memiliki tujuan untuk memvisualisasikan konsep yang ingin disampaikan pada siswa. Eddie? Gambar terdiri atas gambar jadi (gambar dari majalah,booklet, brosur, selebaran dan lain-lain) serta gambar garis (dapat digunakan pada media flashcard / kartu kecil yang berisi gambar-gambar, teks atau tanda symbol). General Sentences? strip story merupakan potongan-potongan kertas yang sering digunakan dalam pengajaran bahasa asing. Great American Term Paper? disamping murah dan amat mudah untuk dibuat, teknik ini ssederhana dan tidak memerlukan keterampilan khusus untuk menggunakannya. General? Papan kantong, untuk membuat papan kantong diperlukan papan triplek atau kartu kata. __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ»? Pada papan triplek diletakan deretan kantong-kantong karton yang mana deretan kantong-kantong ini kemudian dapat dipindah-pindahkan isi kertas yang bertuliskan kata-kata.
Fotografi, foto bisa memenuhi fungsi sebagai pembangkit motivasi dan minat siswa, mengembangkan kemampuan siswa dalam berbahasa, dan membantu siswa menafsirkan serta mengingat isi pelajaran yang berkenaan dengan foto-foto tersebut. General? Foto yang digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran harus artistic dalam arti foto tersebut mempertimbangkan factor-faktor seperti komposisi, pewarnaan yang efektif, dan teknik pengambilan serta pemrosesan yang baik. selain gambar adapula chart atau bagan yang mempunyai tujuan pembelajaran yang ditentukan dengan jelas. Knowledge Thesis? sebaiknya chart itu ditekan hingga hanya berisi informasi verbal dan visual yang minimum untuk dapat dipahami. (Ringkasan Bab VII. General Sentences Essay? Evaluasi Media Pembelajaran) Evaluasi media pembelajaran dapat diukur berdasarkan dua aspek yang menunjukan keefektivan pelaksanaan proses instruksional, yang diantaranya: bukti-bukti empiris mengani hasil belajar siswa serta bukti-bukti yang menunjukan besarnya kontribusi (sumbangan) media atai media program terhadap keberhasilan dan keefektivan proses instruksional. Evaluasi dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai cara, seperti diskusi kelas dan kelompok interview perorangan, observasi mengenai perilaku siswa dan evaluasi media yang telah tersedia. Great Gatsby Paper? Walker dan Hess (1984:206) memberikan kriteria dalam mereview perangkat lunak media pembelajaran yang berdasarkan kepada kualita: kualitas isi dan tujuan (ketepatan, kepentingan, kelengkapan, keseimbangan, minat/ perhatian, keadilan, kesesuaian dengan situasi siswa); kualitas instruksional (memberikan kesempatan belajar, bantuan untuk belajar, kualitas memotivasi, fleksibilitas instruksionalnya, hubungan dengan program pembelajaran lainnya, kualitas soal interaksi instruksionalnya, kualitas tes dan penilaiannya, dapat memberi dampak bagi siswa, dapat memberi dampak bagi guru dan pembelajarannya); dan kualitas teknis (keterbacaan, mudah digunakan, kualitas tampilan/ tayangan, kualitas penayangan jawaban, kualitas pengelolaan programnya dan kualitas pendokumentasiannya). Sentences? KESIMPULAN. Dalam proses pembelajaran kita sebagai pendidik khususnya sangat penting untuk mengetahui mengenai media pembelajaran untuk memfasilitasi terjadinya proses interaksi saat proses belajar mengajar. Gatsby Dream? Pengetahuan mengenai media pembelajaran harus diketahui dimulai dari hal yang dasar hingga perkembangannya saat ini agar media yang digunakan relevan dan sesuai dengan keadaan pada saat ini.
Arsayd, Azhari. General Essay? (2009). Knowledge Management Thesis? Media Pembelajaran. General Sentences Essay? Jakarta: PT. Essays Zen Buddhism Suzuki? RajaGrafindo Persada. Tinggalkan Balasan Batalkan balasan.
Mahasiswa Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri - 2013, Univeritas Pendidikan Indonesia. Essay? Bandung, West Java.
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Unit 2: Design and sentences essay Making Practice. Amended due to Changes to GCSEs. Short courses are no longer included in performance table headline measures. The assessment criteria which follow do not reflect a linear designing and making process. The project undertaken by the student should be viewed holistically and РћРљВ» credit awarded wherever in general sentences essay the project it can be identified that a particular criterion has been met.
As in any holistic assessment, a weak performance in one aspect of essays on banning phones, a student's work may be balanced by essay, a strong performance in another. Zen Buddhism Suzuki. The principle of 'best fit' should be applied when using these criteria. Essay. For example, it is not necessary for a student's work to great gatsby american meet all of the bullet points in a particular mark band in order for a mark in that band to be awarded. It should be noted that some marks attributable to essay the finished outcome can be obtained from criterion other than Making, for essays phones while example they may be evidenced in the folder or seen as part of the development process. Candidates should undertake a single design and make activity which is selected from a range of board-set tasks. The tasks will be reviewed every two years. Candidates should submit a 3-dimensional outcome and a concise design folder and/or appropriate ICT evidence.
The design folder should consist of approximately 20 pages of A3 paper or equivalent A4 paper or ICT equivalent. It is expected that candidates should spend approximately 45 hours on this activity. All candidates should provide photographic evidence of the finished outcome and it is strongly recommended that photographic evidence at various stages of making is submitted. Within the controlled assessment component, levels of control are defined for the following three stages of assessment: Students are required to general sentences essay submit a single design and make project which should be selected from a list of tasks provided by AQA at __В«РћРї_, the start of the academic year. These tasks are broadly comparable and students can only general essay submit a project which has been selected from this list.
In certain situations it may be appropriate for great american centres to contextualise a given task in order to best suit their centre specific circumstances. In such a situation the centre should contact the controlled assessment adviser allocated to their centre in order to seek guidance. The list of board set tasks will be reviewed every two years and amended/added to general essay as appropriate. Authenticity control – research and on banning cell phones while driving preparation may be completed under limited supervision. Sentences Essay. However, all work, with the knowledge, exception of research and preparation, should be completed by students under informal supervision. This means that the centre must ensure that plagiarism does not take place, that sources used by students are clearly recorded and that each students' preparation for the final production of the work is sentences, his/her own. Feedback control – teachers may review students' work and may provide advice at on banning cell phones, a general level. Teachers, however, must not provide detailed and specific advice on how the draft may be improved to meet the assessment criteria. The nature of any guidance provided and the details of sentences essay, any feedback given must be clearly recorded. Students may be guided as to the approach they might adopt but the outcome must remain their own.
Likewise, feedback may evaluate progress to date and propose suggested broad approaches for improvement but the small big family, detailed correction or annotation of work for feedback purposes is not allowed. Time control – each student should produce a design folder (paper or electronic) and a completed outcome. It is expected that the total activity should take approximately 45 hours to complete, including preparation but not including additional time for the teaching and learning of the subject content. We are keen to encourage succinctness and a focussed approach to this task and for general essay this reason it is expected that the design folder should consist of approximately 20 pages of A3 paper (or the A4 or electronic equivalent). Examinations Officers should contact AQA Candidate Services for advice on suzuki any students who may need special consideration and, therefore, may require additional time. Collaboration control – the work of individual students may be informed by working with others, for general example when undertaking research, but students must provide an essays suzuki, individual response in the task outcome. Resources – students' access to general sentences resources is likely to be determined by the availability in _Сѓ___С™ РћРљВ» centres. Examinations Officers should contact AQA Candidate Services for advice on sentences any students who may require the use of any special equipment. Teachers should mark the controlled assessment using the assessment criteria which follow.
Further details regarding this process are given in section 6. Moderation of the controlled assessment work is by inspection of small big family essay, a sample of students' work sent by general sentences, post or electronically through the e-Portfolio system from the centre to american a moderator appointed by AQA. Further details are provided in section 7. Summary of general sentences, Controlled Assessment Criteria. Summary of Controlled Assessment Criteria. The following is a summary of the assessment criteria for the Controlled Assessment together with an indication of how these marks relate to the assessment objectives. Discrimination shown when selecting and small big family acquiring relevant research that will promote originality in designing Excellent understanding and analysis of the design context Detailed analysis of relevant existing products or systems undertaken related to design intentions Comprehensive analysis of relevant and focussed research undertaken Clear and general essay specific design criteria identified, reflecting the analysis undertaken Target market identified and the intended consumer/user profiled. Good understanding and analysis of the design context Good analysis of essays cell phones driving, relevant products or systems undertaken Good analysis of relevant research and general essay context Design criteria which reflects the analysis undertaken Target market for product has been identified. Basic understanding and analysis of the design context Some analysis of cell driving, related products or systems undertaken Made a superficial analysis of most of the research material and the context Design criteria reflects most of the analysis undertaken Some consideration has been taken of the likely consumer/user. Limited understanding or analysis of design context Minimal analysis of other products or systems undertaken Provided little evidence of research and analysis of sentences, context Design criteria is very general and is lacking in any detail Limited understanding of the target market/user evident.
Development of Design Proposals. Imaginative and great gatsby term innovative ideas have been developed, demonstrating creativity, flair and originality. General Sentences Essay. Further developments made to take account of essays driving, ongoing research A coherent and appropriate design strategy, with clear evidence of a planned approach, adopted throughout The implications of a wide range of issues including social, moral, environmental and sustainability, are taken into consideration and inform the development of the design proposals Excellent development work through experimentation with a wide variety of general, techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) in order to produce a final design solution Appropriate materials/ingredients and gatsby american term components selected with full regard to their working properties Fully detailed and justified product/manufacturing specification taking full account of the analysis undertake. Imaginative ideas demonstrating a degree of creativity, which are further developed to take account of ongoing research An appropriate design strategy, with evidence of planning, adopted for most aspects Development of design proposals take into account the main aspects relating to a variety of social, moral, environmental and sustainability issues Good development work achieved through working with a variety of techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) Appropriate materials/ingredients and components selected with regard to sentences essay their working properties Product/manufacturing specification is complete and knowledge management reflects key aspects of the analysis undertaken. Design ideas show some degree of creativity and further development An appropriate design strategy, with some evidence of planning, adopted for some aspects Developments of design solutions are influenced to some extent by factors relating to social, moral, environmental and sustainability issues Adequate development work achieved through working with a range of techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) Materials/ingredients and general sentences components selected with some regard to their working properties Product/manufacturing specification reflects most aspects of the analysis. Ideas show some variation in approach or concept A limited design strategy, with some evidence of planning, is evident Some consideration taken of social, moral, environmental and sustainability issue in development of design solutions Development work is lacking in detail but makes reference to a number of zen buddhism, techniques and modelling (including CAD where appropriate) Materials/ingredients and components selected with limited regard to their working properties Limited product/manufacturing specification which reflects most obvious features of analysis. Ideas are lacking in imagination with minimal development or further research Little evidence of a logical approach being adopted, with no indication of planning Development work shows little consideration of social, moral, environmental and essay sustainability issues Basic development work undertaken using a limited range of knowledge, techniques Materials/ingredients and components selected with little regard to their working properties Produced a simple product/manufacturing specification which is general in nature. Final outcome(s) shows a high level of making/modelling/finishing skills and accuracy Selected and used appropriate tools, materials and/or technologies including, where appropriate, CAM correctly, skilfully and safely Worked independently to produce a rigorous and general sentences essay demanding outcome Quality controls are evident throughout the project and it is clear how accuracy has been achieved. The outcome has the potential to be commercially viable and is suitable for knowledge management the target market.
Final outcome shows very good level of making/modelling/finishing skills Selected and used appropriate tools, materials and/or technologies including, where appropriate, CAM correctly and safely Outcome demonstrates a high level of demand Quality control checks applied in the manufacture of the product The outcome is suitable for the target market and could be commercially viable with further development. Final outcome shows good level of making/modelling/finishing skills Used appropriate materials, components, equipment and processes correctly and safely (including CAM) Parts of outcome show high levels of demand Applied quality control checks broadly but superficially The outcome requires further development in order to sentences essay be suitable for the target market. Final outcome is largely complete and represents a basic level of making/modelling/ finishing skills Used materials, components and on banning cell phones while driving equipment correctly and safely (including CAM if appropriate) Some aspects of outcome are demanding Some evidence of limited quality control applied throughout the process The outcome has some weaknesses which limit its suitability for the target market. Final outcome is incomplete or represents an undemanding level of general essay, making/modelling/ finishing skills Used materials, components and equipment safely under close supervision Worked with some assistance to essays produce outcome of limited demand There is limited evidence of any quality control and levels of accuracy are minimal The outcome has significant weaknesses which limit its suitability for essay the target market. Detailed testing and gatsby dream term evaluation as appropriate throughout the designing and making process taking account of general sentences essay, client/user or third party opinion All aspects of the final outcome have been tested against the design criteria and/or the product/manufacturing specification Evaluate and justify the need for modifications to the product and consideration given as to how the gatsby american dream, outcome might need to be modified for commercial production. Appropriate testing and evaluation of product evident throughout the designing and making process Most aspects of the final outcome have been tested against the design criteria and/or the product/manufacturing specification Evaluate and justify the needs for general improvements or modifications to the product. Evidence of some testing and evaluation leading to the production of the essay, final outcome Some evidence of general, testing against the design criteria and/or the product/manufacturing specification Some improvements or modifications to product suggested. Minimal testing and small family big family evaluation throughout the designing and making process Limited or no testing of final outcome against the design criteria and/or the product/ manufacturing specification Limited mention of some improvements or modifications that could be made to the product. Design folder is focussed, concise and relevant and sentences demonstrates an appropriate selection of material for inclusion All decisions communicated in a clear and __В«РћРї_ coherent manner with appropriate use of sentences, technical language The text is legible, easily understood and shows a good grasp of grammar, punctuation and spelling. Design folder shows some skill in gatsby american dream paper choice of material for general inclusion but includes some irrelevant content Most decisions communicated with some clarity and with some use of technical language There are a small number of errors in family grammar, punctuation and spelling.
Design folder shows excessive duplication of information and a lack of brevity and focus resulting in irrelevant content Ideas and decisions communicated at a simplistic level with a limited grasp of the concepts involved and a limited use of sentences essay, technical vocabulary Numerous errors in grammar, punctuation and spelling. AQA is small essay, not responsible for the content of external sites. AQA 2017.
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Free Information Technology essays. The responsibility of safeguarding ones identity and personal information is very important. It has become evident that the use of the internet has become an integral part of daily life. Traditional communication methods have increasingly moved to general, the internet, emails and e-commerce has gained a large share of essay contest 2010 how businesses are conducted. Because of this shift more personal information is being communicated online and general sentences safeguarding this information has become a big issue. Criminals have always sought to get personal information and have now become increasingly tech savvy in their attempts to steal information. Consumers and businesses have a responsibility to take steps to on banning cell phones while, minimize unauthorized access of personal information. General Sentences Essay! Safeguarding your personal information has become a challenge as businesses collect your personal shopping habits and track your shopping preferences on the web. Aikau 2010! It is a fact that personal information is bought and sold regularly for marketing purposes; however criminals have seized the opportunity to gain access to personal information by sentences essay, using phishing scams to steal your personal data. On Banning! Based on research, The Economist (2001) reports that identity theft, defined as the appropriation of someone else's identity to commit fraud or theft, continues to be one of the fastest growing white-collar crimes in the United States.
Identity theft can occur when another person, using a victim's personal information (most often social security number, name and general address), opens up a credit card account (or other accounts such as a wireless phone) and incurs expenses (Milne, 2003). Essays! Identity theft is typically not a standalone crime but, rather, part of a larger criminal act, such as credit card fraud (O'Neill Xiao, 2005). Prior to the use of the internet thieves would acquire personal information by rummaging through trash, stealing wallets, and stealing mail. General Essay! But now with advancing technology thieves have the ability to essays, hack systems and spoof sites to sentences essay, gain access to peoples' personal information. The cost of this type of zen buddhism crime is immeasurable because the impact is sentences, not just of small family big family a financial nature. In some cases the general sentences impact is far reaching and affects so many areas of peoples' lives, the biggest of which is the stress associated with being a victim.
Identity theft victims suffered more than $24.7 billion in __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ» direct and indirect losses in general sentences 2012 -- that's more than the aikau essay combined $14 billion in losses consumers experienced from other types of theft (burglary, motor vehicle theft and other property theft) in general the same period. About 16.6 million U.S. residents ages 16 and older were victims of at least one incident of identity theft last year (DiGangi, 2013). Gatsby American Dream Term! There has been research that identified some groups have a higher potential to be a target based on their income levels. Victims' income level does seem to influence the general people that are targeted. Using multivariate probit analysis, Anderson (2006) found that those with incomes in excess of $100,000 have a 75 percent greater risk of experiencing identity theft than those with incomes of __В«РћРї_ _Сѓ___С™ РћРљВ» less than $25,000 (Anderson, Durbin, and sentences Salinger, 2008).
Most of the time people are not aware when they have been a victim of gatsby american dream paper identity theft, unless it is a breach of their finances and even then they don't always monitor their accounts as closely to general essay, catch these attacks. About 45 percent of identity theft involving existing accounts was discovered by great dream, financial institutions. That percentage drops to sentences essay, 15 percent among victims whose personal information was used to open a new, fraudulent account, but 21 percent of those victims found out about the essays suzuki fraud when another type of sentences company or agency reached out to them, and 13 percent of that victim pool found out when they received notice of an unpaid bill (DiGangi, 2013). Stolen information can be used to create a separate identity where someone opens other accounts with your information and runs up the bill and great gatsby paper leave you with the responsibility of the general debt, which can potentially ruin your credit if these accounts go into collection. These statistics highlight how prevalent this type of crime is and how it can go undetected for long periods of time until there is __В«РћРї_, a negative impact, for general essay, example denial of great american dream credit for delinquent accounts that you have no knowledge of. On average, victims whose personal information was misused suffered direct losses of. $9,650 (the median was $1,900). New account fraud victims experienced an average of $7,135 in general sentences direct losses ($600 median), and credit card fraud victims averaged direct losses of $1,003 ($200 median) (DiGangi, 2013). As you can see the dollar amounts involved in identity thefts are vast and small essay varied, many people are affected in a variety of ways, such as the inability to get credit card approval, home loan, and general sentences essay employment if credit worthiness is _Сѓ___С™, a requirement of the essay job. Identity theft does not always involve finances; using some ones identity to on banning cell while, create and live a fake life is another aspect of this crime. By stealing personal information such as your social security number, date of birth and general essay other personal information someone can create and live an alter life without your knowledge.
These schemes can be very elaborate and well put together, which is why sometimes they are hard to discover and lead to a wide variety of issues for victims. Although most identity theft victims do not lose money personally, the on banning cell while perpetrators who abuse credit under their victims' names create a record of poor financial responsibility, resulting in negative account history and lower of credit scores. Individuals whose personal information that has been compromised and abused are more likely to general, have financial issues such as debt collectors, continuously fixing credit reports because of identity theft. Identity theft can affect your ability to get and maintain a good credit score. Close to 100 million additional Americans have their personal identifying information placed at risk of identity theft each year when records maintained in government and corporate databases are lost or stolen. These alarming statistics demonstrate identity theft may be the most frequent, costly and pervasive crime in the United States (Douglas, Britt, Palmer, Lubsen, and Lodrick, 2012). As noted this type of crime can be quite lucrative and great gatsby paper thus it encourages more people to sentences essay, try to cheat the system. Dealing with a crime like identity theft can be very frustrating. Having your personal life invaded makes you feel vulnerable, helpless and exposed. You may or may not know who has committed this act; you may have anxiety because you don't know how much of your personal information has been compromised. It can be daunting to feel as if you're fighting against a phantom enemy -- 32 percent of identity theft victims knew how their information was compromised, but only small big family, 3 percent of general essay credit card fraud victims knew anything about the offender.
But the gatsby dream term paper potential for financial problems after identity theft provide more than enough motivation for sentences, making security a priority (DiGangi, 2013). Small Family Big Family Essay! The feeling of once bitten twice shy is a sentiment that is felt and thus efforts to essay, safeguard your personal information is increased. The methods and schemes that thieves have used to suzuki, gain access to personal information have become quite extensive. The sophistication level of sentences professional identity thieves involved in organized crime continues to thesis, grow along with the sentences essay methods they develop. From individually tailored phishing and vishing scams, to cell while driving, increasingly successful hacks of corporate and government databases, to elaborate networks of botnets designed to hijack millions of computers without any trace, there is an ever-increasing threat to all Americans. At the same time, traditional methods of identity theft continue unabated and unchecked, making this crime even harder to stop. From stealing wallets and purses, to general sentences, dumpster diving and __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ» stealing mail, to the use of pretext and social engineering to sentences, deceive customer call centers into releasing personal account information, the original methods of identity theft still work (Douglas et al., 2012).
The methods used to aikau contest, gain access to peoples personal information is ever changing; it makes the essay task of preventing this crime from being perpetrated a constant challenge and very time consuming. If companies would change their policy and apply greater vigilance on the part of the merchants involved they could have prevented many identity frauds (U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary 200Ob) (Sovern, 2004). There are steps that can be taken as consumers to help protect our personal information from being accessed by unauthorized sources. Gatsby Dream Paper! In an general sentences essay, article written by __В«РћРї_ _Сѓ___С™ РћРљВ», Brynko and Ebbinghouse they concluded that there are 10 steps to take to help prevent identity theft. The steps include getting a free copy of general sentences your credit report from the 3 credit reporting agencies annually but spacing them out 1 every 4 months so your credit can be monitored throughout the year. A fraud alert can be placed on essays zen buddhism your credit by the credit reporting agencies at your request. With this feature you have to general, be contacted for permission to establish any new credit for 90 days.
Military people who are deployed have something similar called an active duty alert. Freezing your account can also be done which prevent credit reporting agencies from sharing your information without your permission. Because information is gathered from stealing mail, prevent unauthorized access and tampering by restricting access to your mail using a locked mailbox or getting a postal box. Requesting a substitute or a temporary credit card number for internet purchases, this keeps your regular card information secure. Use a web browser to alert you if access a known phishing web site.
Keep your computer secure by installing the latest patches and _Сѓ___С™ updates to prevent spyware and essay malware from being uploaded on knowledge your computer. Check Social Security Earning Statement that come in the mail too monitor earnings for prior year, if income is higher than what you make someone is probably using your social security number. Also thieves do target children's social security number so monitoring this is also a wise thing to do. Check with your bank to see if they can add a photo ID to general essay, your credit card and on the back write in the signature block PHOTO ID REQUIRED or CHECK PHOTO ID. This is done to essays on banning, help prevent your card from being used by thieves. In addition to general, these steps use a cross cut shredder to shred mail and any documents that contain your personal information will help to safeguard your personal information.
Preapproved offers make the process of getting credit in your name easier for thieves if they have gathered much of eddie aikau contest 2010 your information already. General Essay! Everyone has a choice they can choose to opt-out by calling (888) 567-8688 (888-5-OPT-OUT) to prevent preapproved credit offers from being sent out to you. If stolen from your mailbox, these preapproved cards can become carte blanche for __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ», ID thieves (Brynko Ebbinghouse, 2005). Some banks offer services to notify you if they see suspicious activity on your account. I have personally had a situation where I was trying to make a large purchase using my credit card and my credit card company thought the purchase was suspicious so I had to contact them to allow the general essay purchase.
This incident made me feel more secure that my credit was being protected. It is important to note that none of the РћРљВ» actions by themselves are 100% guaranteed to stop attempts and attacks on general your information but every effort helps to making you less of a target. As the methods used to perform identity theft expand, so do the types of accounts and services being stolen by identity thieves. Credit, debit, checking and saving accounts are no longer the only targets. Essay Contest 2010! Identity fraud has grown to include theft of cell and landline phone service; cable and satellite television service; power, water, gas and electric service; Internet payment service; medical insurance; home mortgages and rental housing; automobile, boat and other forms of financing and loans; and, government benefits. General! Identity thieves will also use stolen identities to obtain employment and to deceive police when arrested. Quite simply, every individual or business is knowledge management, vulnerable to attack when it comes to personal or corporate information, products and services (Douglas et al., 2012). Although most people are familiar with identity theft involving some kind of financial gain, I have found that there are other kinds of sentences essay identity theft that can create many more problems than just financial. less well known, are criminal identity theft, where someone who is arrested use your information, and then you become wanted for something you didn't do; medical identity theft, where someone gains accesses to your medical insurance information and uses it; tax identity theft, thieves use your tax records and steal your refund; and child identity theft, in which someone uses a child's Social Security number to commit fraud. You are your best defense to detect identity theft, being a vigilant consumer and keeping tabs on your credit cards, bank account transactions as well as calls from collection agencies about accounts you did not sign up for small big family, will alert you.
The sooner you act when you become aware, decreases the impact of the identity breach. Notifying your financial institutions is one of the first things you want to do to get eyes on what is essay, happening. These agencies are in the best position to on banning while, check and monitor your accounts for suspicious activities. Monitoring activity in your credit card and deposit accounts and your credit report is the best way to general essay, detect fraud and id theft. In many cases, id fraud is first discovered by the consumer. The sooner the fraud is detected, the lower the financial impact. __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ»! Recognizing fraud means being alert to suspicious activities when it comes to your finances such as missing bills or statements, unexpected charges, denied credit, unsolicited credit cards and collection calls (Detecting Fraud, 2013). Using a credit monitoring service is another tool that can be employed to help detect identity theft.
These services allow you to have easy access to your credit report so you can see any new activity when requested. Using scams as a tool to steal personal information have become increasingly sophisticated. If it sounds too good to general sentences essay, be true, it probably is. Scams are not only family big family essay, limited to the internet. Criminals also use phone and email scams to gain personal information and commit fraud and identity theft. General! The best way to __В«РћРї_ _Сѓ___С™, verify any calls or emails that you receive about your finances are from your financial institutional is to contact them directly.
As people become aware of scams, fraudsters change their methods or come up with new scams (How to detect, 2014). There is a feeling of shock when someone realize that they have been a victim of identity theft, but once you get a hold of yourself recovery is the next step in the process of regaining control of your life. Identity Theft Recovery is a detailed process and requires constant vigilance and can take a very long time to recover from. Once you have been a victim there is very little trust and faith in the system. As a result you become more cautious and somewhat paranoid about your personal information. One of the most important things to general sentences essay, do when recovering from identity theft is to act quickly. Reporting the theft to on banning cell phones while driving, the right agencies is essential. Filing an identity theft complaint with the FTC and your local law enforcement agencies, this will help aid in the recovery process. Begin monitoring your credit report and managing any financial damages that have been done. Sentences! Since most identity theft is actually discovered because of the financial damage that occurred this is a very important step in __В«РћРї_ РћРљВ» your recovery.
Don't get complacent, once your identity is repaired. One mistake that identity theft victims make is assuming that once they've cleaned up the general sentences essay damage done by identity theft, it's over. Not true. In fact, it's not all that uncommon for identity thieves to strike the same victims over and over again. Management Thesis! To prevent thieves from striking repeatedly, you need to sentences, continue to monitor your credit and big family be vigilant against future identity theft attacks (Ledford, 2014). Identity thieves are most often people who are linked to other criminal activities, which mean there is a potential for you information to be linked to other nefarious acts. Victims have to general sentences essay, learn that there are things and steps you can take to help in recovery once you have been a victim of identity theft. These steps listed below help in getting your life back sooner. ' Contact the three credit bureaus, Experian. TransUnion?? and Equifax. and management thesis place a fraud alert on your credit reports. ' File a police report and an Identity Theft Complaint with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) if you become a victim.
' Never pay a bill you don't owe. ' If you suspect someone else may be using your driver's license number, contact the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and ask to speak with a fraud investigator. ' Getting a new Social Security number is an option for identity theft victims, but a clean record is often a red flag for general sentences, creditors. ' Keep in mind, as a victim, that the recovery process can be long and stressful. Seek support from your family, friends and a counselor. ' If you are actively recovering from identity theft, keep a log of your contacts, conversations, requests and other important information related to your case (Identity Recovery, 2011). It clearly is going to cost you time and money to clear up the aftermath of being a victim of identity theft. __В«РћРї_ _Сѓ___С™! But your liability for charges can be limited if you report any problems promptly. Sentences! For credit cards, if you report the loss before the credit card is used, the card issuer cannot hold you responsible for essays phones while driving, any unauthorized charges.
Be aware that ATM and debit cards do not allow the sentences same protections as credit cards. If you fail to management, report unauthorized charges within a timely manner, you could be held liable for general sentences, the charges. If you report an ATM or debit card missing before it is essay, used without your permission, your financial institution cannot hold you responsible for any unauthorized withdrawals. For checks, most states hold the bank responsible for the losses from a forged check. However, you may be held liable for the forgery if you do not notify the general sentences essay bank in a timely manner that a check was lost or stolen, or if you do not monitor your account statements and promptly report an unauthorized transaction. (Identity Theft, 2014).
The lesson learned through this process is that no one is immune to identity theft and fully understanding the importance of safeguarding your personal information. However we all have a responsibility to make every effort to family essay, reduce access of personal information by unauthorized personnel. Being proactive and security conscious will go a long way in general sentences safeguarding your personal information. Credit monitoring services and small family big family other services help to deter criminals. Criminals are not easily deterred in general essay their efforts to knowledge thesis, gain access to protected information and are willing to use a variety of methods to general essay, achieve their goal. Early detection is a factor in reducing the management thesis impact that identity theft. The reality of identity theft is that there is value in our personal information so we have to make every effort to protect it. Anderson, K. B.; Durbin, E.; Salinger, M. A. (2008). Identity Theft. The Journal of general essay Economic. Perspectives 22.2: 171-192.
Brynko, B., Ebbinghouse, C. (2005) Another Phine Kettle of Phish: Identity Theft Prevention. Searcher 13.10: 16-26. Detecting Fraud and Identity Theft. (2013). Retrieved from. DiGangi, C. (2013). These Identity Theft Statistics Are Even Scarier Than You'd Expect.
Retrieved from http://www.dailyfinance.com/2013/12/31/scariest-identity-theft-statistics/ Douglas, R., Britt, P., Palmer, J., Lubsen, K., Lodrick, K., (2012). Identity Theft Victim. Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.identitytheft.info/victims.aspx. How to Detect Fraud Identity Theft. (2014) Retrieved from.
Identity Recovery Checklist. (2011). Essays! ConsumerInfo.com, Inc. Retrieved from. Identity Theft Recovery Guidelines. (2014). General! Retrieved from. Ledford, J. (2014). Steps to knowledge management thesis, Recovering Your Identity After Identity Theft. Retrieved from.
Milne, G.R. (2003). How Well Do Consumers Protect Themselves from Identity Theft? The. Journal of Consumer Affairs 37.2: 388-402. O'Neill, B., Xiao, J. J. (2005). Consumer Practices to Reduce Identity Theft Risk: An. Exploratory Study.
Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences 97.1: 33-38. Sovern, J. General Essay! (2004). Stopping Identity Theft. The Journal of Consumer Affairs 38.2: 233-243. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of essays zen buddhism suzuki expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and general sentences you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
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