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a true essay of love The Mystery that is True Love. Outline. Romeo and Juliet is a timeless play by William Shakespeare; it is bsc, believed by many to be a thrilling tragedy about the for a true love of two unfortunate young people. Learjet Resume. Others say that killing themselves over the other's death was selfish and not an act of genuine love. According to the dictionary, true love is outline thesis, when a person who loves or is loved truly; like a sweetheart. This, however, cannot be accurately understood alone, which then raises the question, what is love? The dictionary would define love as a deep or tender feeling of research papers, affection, attachment, or devotion to for a thesis essay a person or person. Although those things are true about love, they do not completely define or give any insight into what love actually is. Love has many faces and can be seen in a variety of relationships, but true love is the most rare and awe inspiring; true love is not just genuine love for someone, it is loving someone more than yourself. To love someone more than themselves, people have to understand what love is, not just be told that love is being in love with someone, or that love is affection or devotion toward a person.
A killer may have deep feelings of in bikinis, devotion to their victims, and a kidnapper can have tender feelings of affection for their captive but society would not call that love; they would call it insanity! To truly understand love it is necessary to for a thesis look back into the first place it is found; the cultural experience college Bible. 1 Corinthians 13: 4-8 (NAS) reads: Love is patient, love is kind, and is not jealous; love does not brag and thesis essay is not arrogant, does not act unbecomingly; it does not seek its own, it is not provoked, does not take into wharton, account a wrong suffered, does not rejoice in for a thesis essay unrighteousness, but rejoices with the essay 2009 truth; bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. For A Essay. Love never fails… This is how one of the cultural essay first books written defines and describes love. Behind each part is a vast understanding that few take time to learn because it is for a thesis essay, thought to saudis be obvious. Some in truth are more obvious, for example: patient in old English means long suffering, so when it says love is patient it really is saying love suffers through; love is kind refers to gentle behavior; love does not envy originally meant envy or jealousy which are both negative feelings and love cannot be found in such dark emotions; love does not brag (or boast) is saying that when you love someone you do not do things so society will think good of you, but rather raise your values and make choices for them; and outline for a essay love is not arrogant is saying that someone who loves is modest and expects change rather than assuming that they know everything about their partner and predicting their actions because love is not conceited or proud. Other areas are more in depth. When it says that love does not act unbecomingly it means that real love does not defy the moral and high school multi-genre research papers mannerly standards and thus gives by not acting rude and ill-mannered. Essay. Love does not seek its own references speaks about love's unselfish nature.
People truly in love do not worry about their own praise, honor, gain, or happiness. This is not to say that a person loving themselves is wrong but merely that love should have a mentality of learjet resume, how can I serve you? rather than, what will doing this get me? Love is not provoked, thus it is slow to outline essay anger and does not seek to upset others. It does not take into account a wrong suffered says that when a person loves another, they will not seek revenge nor hold grudges. This goes hand-in-hand with the learjet resume next line: love does not rejoice in iniquity but instead rejoices in truth. For A Essay. That is learjet resume, saying that love does not take pleasure in outline thesis essay hurting others and responds to their failures with compassion rather than ridicule and cultural experience essay justice is outline, positive and good but punishing is not. Wharton 2009. Love bears all things original wording meant to keep confidential or cover those we love. It holds the idea of putting up with and loving someone should make a person try to for a thesis protect not spread the failures of love ones. People in love should believe all things, meaning they should give each other the learjet resume benefit of the for a thesis doubt and not make decisions without significant evidence of fault. Likewise, love hopes all things means they should look for the good, even if it is easier to find the high school research bad.
Finally, love endures all things or stands its ground. So no matter what unexpected thing comes at them people in love don't give up. Outline For A Thesis Essay. Love requires a decision to give regardless of what is bsc, received in return. These make up the essence of love but what it does not cover is how someone would know if it was true love. As Troy Grisgonelle states in his article (paragraph3) Relationship Misconceptions 12: Love Verses Being in Love : love is like the difference between you and me, between give and thesis essay take, between sacrifice and selfishness. There are two kinds of love: being in love with and loving someone. Being in love is saudis in bikinis, a feeling, it's when you see someone that fits your image of perfect for you and being with them gives you butterflies and outline thesis all you do is smile. This isn't bad, in fact it is completely necessary, however, alone it has no endurance and wharton essay eventually fades. It's not to say that being in outline love isn't a part of loving someone, it just is not true love.
True love involves loving someone which is a choice. A person must adopt the essay attitude that chooses to do what is best for their loved one rather than what would be easiest or would make them most happy. A good way to tell if love is true isn't if their relationship is perfect, rather it would be if they are willing to work through the issues. Love involves and outline for a requires equal sacrifice and how bad it hurts depends on what we feel we are giving up. This isn't meaning the high school multi-genre papers difference between prices of objects but rather how much the person values that item compared to outline for a thesis essay how much they value the one they say they love. True love is being willing to saudis in bikinis choose that person over yourself and give up things for them whether you get something back or not. That could mean anything from giving up going to a sports game to in some cases giving up their life. There is no doubt that a girl is loved by her boyfriend when he puts his life in danger to for a essay protect her because that's what love entails. Selfishness is no longer a desire that overwhelms because the desire to do things for that person grows to outweigh it. Love as society knows it is the feeling, true love involves the choice.
As Grisgonelle says, 'I am in love with you' means 'you make me feel warm and fuzzy'… 'I love you' means 'when I have to choose between my desire and your need, I will choose the latter.' (Paragraph 28) This perfectly sums it all up into multi-genre, simple terms not often understood. Love, as society defines it, can be found anywhere but true love requires a self-sacrifice and honest devotion that has been forgotten. True love requires not just affection, but a person's everything. A/n: Well there it is. I know it from a pretty biblical standpoint but it really fit.
It may not be that great but I figured it wouldn't hurt to post it;) Thanks for outline for a essay, reading.
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LEARN HOW TO WRITE A SONG: a step-by-step guide. This easy-to-use guide will show you how to write a song, from finding a great title to writing your melody. Hands-on songwriting exercises will jump start your creativity, while ‘how-to’ video tutorials are a fun way to find out more. What comes first, melody or lyrics? How does an idea become a whole song? How do you know if your song is any good?
Well, I’ll answer the outline for a essay, first two questions in this article. The third question – How do you know if your song is good? – is answered like this: If a song genuinely expresses your feelings, then it’s a good song. It doesn’t matter what anyone else thinks. If a song expresses your feelings AND touches other people, moves them emotionally, or gets them on the dance floor – that’s a good song with the potential to essay become a HIT. So, how do you write a song that moves other people and makes them want to listen? Well, that’s where song craft comes in. ? What is outline for a song craft and why do I need it. Good songwriters use song craft to give their songs emotional impact and create a memorable experience for listeners.
The tools and techniques of school multi-genre research papers our craft are not arbitrary; they weren’t invented just to drive us crazy or make us write copy-cat songs without depth or originality. Outline For A Thesis Essay. They exist because, over hundreds of saudis in bikinis years, songwriters have found that they help listeners to outline essay understand, experience, and remember the message at the heart of a song. The simple, time-tested ideas on this page will help you create a song that expresses your feelings and moves listeners, keeping them involved and interested in what you have to bsc say. Like any skill, though, song craft takes a little practice, so be sure to try the “Go Ahead and Do It!” exercises that follow each step. ? How does a song get started? (Good question!) Getting started can be one of the hardest tasks in for a thesis essay songwriting. And it’s also one of the most important because if you start well, you’ll have a lot less trouble later on. You’ll know where you’re going and high school research you’ll have plenty of things to say.
There’s always the temptation to jump right in and begin with the first thing that occurs to you. You know you want to write a song – lyrics with a melody and some chords – but you may only have a vague idea or a feeling about what you want to thesis essay express. When that happens you could end up with a song that listeners can’t understand or relate to. So which comes first – lyrics, melody, or chords? My answer is: None of the above. There are a lot of ways to 2009 start a song and you could start with one of those, but I’m going to suggest that you start with THE TITLE.
The title is going to be the line that everyone remembers. More important, it’s going to define the message of the song. It will be your guide, keeping your song on track and keeping listeners interested. Think of outline for a thesis essay your title as the peak of learjet resume a pyramid. The rest of the essay, song is english made up of the building blocks that support it.
Start your song with a title that appeals to you. Outline For A Thesis. Make sure it’s a phrase that rings true in your ears. Something that makes you say, “I’ve got to know more about that!” Because if YOU want to know, others will want to essay 2009 know. TIP: Short phrases make good titles because they grab attention and they’re easy to remember. The ideal length for a title is one to essay five words. Where to find good titles. Keep your eyes and cultural experience ears open for good titles that have energy for you. Outline For A. Action words, images, or short phrases make good titles. Attention-grabbing newspaper headlines are full of good titles. Here are a few examples of titles I picked up by reading through a popular magazine: “A Dream On The Edge,” “Hiding in cultural the Shadows,” “What You Can’t Change,” “Slipping Away.”
When you watch television always keep a little corner of your mind alert for dialogue lines that capture your attention. Listen to your friends and family to outline thesis essay see if you can pick out learjet resume interesting phrases. For A Thesis Essay. Or turn inside and listen to yourself by in bikinis essay, doing some stream-of-consciousness writing. Write or type as fast as you can, trying not to think or make judgments, then go back and look for good phrases. Start keeping a list of for a essay these potential titles. GO AHEAD DO IT – Start your title list right now. Experience College. Pick up a book or magazine, or scan for outline for a interesting short phrases. High School Multi-genre. Write down at least three phrases. Mix and match words between phrases, substitute your own words, play around with ideas. Try to come up with at least one phrase that makes you want to write a song.
Keep looking for more phrases until you have something you like. Draw a big circle around that phrase. Then keep reading. ? Turn a title into a lyric. Here’s how. Now, let’s begin to turn your title into a great lyric by simply asking a few questions – the questions suggested by your title. Outline For A Thesis Essay. If you use these questions as a guide when writing your lyric, you’ll be able to… Finish every song you start Keep listeners with you Make your song say what you want.
Ask the wharton essay, questions hidden in your title. Every title suggests questions that need to be answered. Some of the questions will be ones that you want to explore, others will be questions that listeners have. You’ll need to answer both. Let me give you a few examples… Take a classic song title like “Heartbreak Hotel.” Some of the outline for a thesis essay, questions this title suggests are: What is a ‘heartbreak hotel’? What happens there? Where is it? Sure enough, these questions are all answered in this great Rock standard.
What is learjet resume a ‘heartbreak hotel’? A place to go when your baby leaves you. What happens there? Brokenhearted lovers cry. Where is it? Down at the end of for a thesis Lonely Street. A title like Taylor Swift’s “I Knew You Were Trouble” suggests questions like “Who was trouble?” “What kind of trouble?” and ‘How did things turn out?” If these questions aren’t answered in the song, listeners will go away disappointed. Here’s the lyric. Take a look to see how these questions were answered. In a big Country hit like “You’re Gonna Miss This” recorded by Trace Adkins, listeners will be asking “What is it we’re going to miss?” and english online papers “Why will we miss it?” Check out the lyric. You might be surprised by the answer!
That’s the sign of a great song. For A Thesis Essay. It draws the listener in with questions, then answers them in a fresh way. Of course, you’ll also have questions you want to school multi-genre write about. Exploring our own feelings and experiences is a big part of what drives us to write songs. So, here are a few questions you might want to answer. What does your title mean?
How do you feel about that? Why do you think that happened? What do you hope or fear will happen next? If you’d like to hear a lyric example, listen to “Be With You,” a song I wrote with singer-songwriter Ed Patrick. The lyric answers questions suggested by for a essay, the title, questions like: Why is the singer saying this? What’s happening? Who is involved? What is the singer feeling? Why is it important to him?
A simple title like this one can suggest a lot of different emotions and situations. Ed and dissertation bsc I wrote about the feelings we wanted to express, but another songwriter could go in an entirely different direction with the same title. You can choose the questions you want to for a thesis essay answer and the way you want to answer them. GO AHEAD DO IT – Go back and look at the title you circled in the previous exercise. What questions does it suggest to you? What would you like to say about it? Make a list of questions you’d like to answer. English Papers. Then add any questions you think listeners might have. Answer your questions in short phrases, eight to ten words will convert easily into outline for a thesis lyric lines. Write more than you think you’ll need; you won’t use all of it.
Remember, it’s just raw material. Learjet Resume. Explore the possibilities. Don’t worry about rhyming, just say what you want to say. That’s the for a thesis essay, best place to start. ? Add images related words to learjet resume bring your song to life. Just like a potter has clay and a painter has tubes of paint, the songwriter has images, action words, and for a thesis fresh ideas. These are your raw materials. You’re going to create that raw material yourself by using the words, phrases, and images suggested by your song title. Make a list of words and images the saudis in bikinis, title suggests. Let’s say your song title is “You Make Me Smile.” To create raw material based on this title, think of words and images associated with smiling.
We can start with obvious ones like “happy,” “sunny,” “bright,” and “fun.” These are words you can use in your lyric, but they’re a little bit abstract. Let’s see if we can come up with words that will actually create an essay, upbeat feeling for listeners and really make them feel like smiling. Take the words “happy” and “fun,” for instance. What are a few things that are fun, things that make people smile? Parties, dancing, weekends, and vacations. The sound of essay 2009 laughter and music. Outline Thesis. Favorite foods and wharton essay a day at the park with friends. For A Essay. A trip to 2009 the beach, a night on the town.
Bright lights and crowds and carnival rides. These are just rough ideas. Try not to judge whether they’re good or not at this stage. Just write down everything that comes to you. You won’t use all of it, but you never know what might end up in your song. Now, let’s try the word “sunny.” Obviously that word makes me think of sunshine, which makes me think of outline for a thesis essay summer and being outdoors, which makes me think of grass, trees, and flowers. Saudis In Bikinis. Flowers make me think of colors – gold, red, purple – and bees buzzing around. So now we have a whole bunch of words that evoke mental images – bees, flowers, sunshine, parties, dancing, colors! They all have to do with smiling and feeling good. For A. And they all came from essay, starting with one or two words, and then letting them suggest more.
To hear how these words are used in a hit song, here’s part of the chorus lyric of thesis essay “Smile” by Uncle Kracker. Learjet Resume. Notice how many words are similar to for a thesis the ones we came up with. You make me dance like fool. Forget how to breathe. Just the thought of you can drive me wild. Oh, you make me smile. Now the high multi-genre research, listener is able to picture how the singer is feeling instead of just having to take his word for it. Outline For A. This is one of the most important tools a songwriter has. Check out “Smile” by online, Uncle Kracker on outline for a thesis essay, Spotify, read the lyrics online, or watch the school multi-genre research, video to thesis essay hear even more fun images and ideas based on smiling.
BONUS TIP: After you have a list of related words, make a list of english online papers contrasting words and images, ones that suggest the opposite. For example, I wrote a song called “California Girl.” Obviously the related words will include summer, sun, warm, waves, water, sand, feeling free – a kind of or paradise. Outline Essay. Contrasting words will be winter, moon, cold, fire (contrasting with water), and saudis essay feeling caught or trapped (the opposite of feeling free). If you’d like to outline hear how I turned these lists of dissertation bsc related and contrasting words into a lyric, watch the video of my song “California Girl” or listen and read the lyrics here. GO AHEAD DO IT – Make a list of words, images, and phrases related to your title. Write down single words or short phrases. Don’t think about rhyming or making sense of things at this point. And try not to be critical of your ideas – just write down what comes to you. Then, make a list of outline for a thesis contrasting words, images, and phrases. Write as many words as you can think of in each column. Essay. Let one idea suggest another and outline for a follow the trail wherever it takes you.
This is high multi-genre a great exercise for stretching your creativity. ? Why is song structure such a big deal? Now is a good time to get familiar with one very important aspect of songwriting: Song Structure. Outline For A Essay. An easy-to-follow structure acts like a path leading your listener through your song from beginning to end. The most common contemporary hit song structure looks something like this: VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Listeners like this song form because it provides enough repetition to feel familiar and enough variety to keep them interested. It also gives you, the high research, songwriter, the chance to essay add emotional dynamics to your song. Many of saudis in bikinis today’s hit songs feature a conversational, low-key verse followed by a big, powerhouse chorus with plenty of emotional punch. Once you get familiar with this basic song structure, there are plenty of add-ons and for a thesis essay variations to wharton play with.
Some songs have a pre-chorus or extra post-chorus hook. But try using this one to outline thesis essay get started. It’s been the foundation of many huge hits and many more to come. Here are some useful definitions for understanding song structure: – Verse: The verses in a song all have the same melody but different lyrics. Learjet Resume. The verse lyrics give us information about the situation, emotions, or people in the song. – Chorus: We may hear the chorus of a song three, four or more times. The lyric and melody remain the same each time it recurs.The chorus lyric sums up the heart of the song. The title of the song almost always appears in the chorus section and may be repeated two or more times. – Bridge: The bridge has a different melody, lyrics, and chord progression from the outline thesis, verse or chorus. High Multi-genre Papers. It provides a break from the outline for a essay, repetition of verse and chorus.
The lyric often provides an insight or revealing moment. GO AHEAD DO IT. Use the song form VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Go back to the list of questions you made earlier and dissertation bsc choose a question to outline for a answer in high school multi-genre each section. The chorus will be repeated several times so pick the most important question to answer there. Often, that question is “What does this feel like?” Be sure to use your title in your chorus! Fill in the lines around your title using some of the images from your list. Make sure your listeners understand your song by essay, having the singer come right out and say what he or she really feels at least once in the chorus. When you have a rough idea of your chorus lyric, move on to a verse. Wharton Essay. Verse lyrics tend to for a thesis essay be more conversational, so keep it simple and just answer the question you picked in an open, honest way.
? Look for school the melody that lives in your lyrics. Every time you open your mouth to speak, you start singing! Don’t believe me? Just try speaking without using any changes in pitch, without speaking faster or slower, louder or softer. You can’t do it! You end up sounding like a robot. Although we usually think of outline for a thesis essay singing as something quite different from talking, we actually use a lot of melody when we talk. When we talk we use pitch, volume, phrasing, and rhythm – all the elements of bsc a song melody. The only difference is in a song these elements are exaggerated and there’s more repetition.
So if you have a few lyric lines, all you need to outline thesis essay do is speak them to get a raw melody started. It’s the melody part of speech that communicates emotion. In fact, just by experience, changing the melody you can give the same words an entirely different emotional meaning. Try this: say the phrase “Oh, no?” as if you are asking a simple question. Now, say the same phrase — “Oh no!” — as if you are anxious and frightened.
Notice the difference in the melody? In the outline for a essay, question, the melody goes up at english the end. In the frightened version, the pitch starts higher and for a thesis then the melody moves downward. High School Multi-genre. Exaggerate the outline, emotion in the second phrase and you’ll really hear it. Bsc. Now try saying “Oh no” with a sarcastic, disbelieving, ‘you’ve got to be kidding’ tone. It’s an entirely different melody from the other two.
You can use this melodic element of speech to give your songs added emotional impact. If you’ve got a lyric that asks a question, try a rising motion on the end of the for a essay, melody , just as if you were really asking a question. Wharton. Or, if your lyric questions are the thesis essay, kind that don’t really want an answer, try a descending melody on the end of the phrase. You’ll make the meaning clear and sound natural and believable to your listeners. GO AHEAD DO IT – To achieve the conversational tone of many of today’s verses, try speaking your verse lyric in a casual, conversational style, then exaggerate it a little to begin creating your verse melody.
Keep the pauses that occur naturally and exaggerate the little ups and downs in your speaking voice. Online Papers. You’ll want to make changes later but, for now, this will give you a good place to start. Remember, this is your raw material, not the finished melody. Choruses often have more energy and urgency, conveying more of the song’s emotional heart. As we saw with the “Oh, no!” phrase, the outline for a essay, more emotion there is, the higher the voice tends to dissertation bsc be. Outline Thesis. That’s why very emotional Pop and Rock choruses work well in cultural essay a higher note range. Speak the outline essay, chorus lyric with as much emotion as you can put into it. Now, exaggerate the pitches, keeping the rhythm of the words and any pauses that occur naturally. This will get you started on learjet resume, your chorus. Once you’ve found the melody your lyric naturally suggests, then sit down with your guitar or keyboard and start roughing out the chords.
I like to record my vocal ideas before I even start to thesis essay add chords, that way I can recall the original “spoken word” melody in case I want to go back to it. Of course, there are other ways to dissertation bsc write a song melody but this one will give you a great place to start. Writing both lyrics and melody. If you play guitar or keyboard and you’re going to be writing your own melody and chords. Skip down to the next section for some ideas on how to find and use chord progressions that work well for today’s songs. Work on the melody and chords using the outline for a essay, verse and chorus lyric you have, gradually smoothing and changing until you have something you like. Cultural. Then write the thesis essay, rest of the lyric to the final melody. If you’re going to be looking for a collaborator to college essay put music to your lyrics, then you should go ahead and finish the lyric now. Outline For A Thesis. Filling in the rest of the lyric while sustaining the emotional tone of what you’ve done is a tough job but if you’ve gotten this far, you can do the high research papers, rest. IMPORTANT TIP ON RHYMING: Don’t twist words out of outline order or write a line just to make something rhyme!
A ‘vowel rhyme’ — rhymes like love/enough or mine/time/sigh with the same vowel sound but different final consonants — will work just fine for popular songs. (Songs for musical theater are different – they usually do require perfect rhymes.) Check out a web site like Rhymedesk.com or B-rhymes.com to find lists of interesting, closely rhyming words to use. Know when to take a break. Work on your lyric for short periods of time. If you’re not getting anything usable, walk away… literally. Take a walk and let things settle for awhile. Keep the lyrics you’ve written on english, a desk or table where you can easily add a word or thought when it strikes you. Keep the hit song melody in outline for a thesis your head. The most important thing (and the cultural experience essay, most difficult) is to keep the emotional integrity of the song intact.
Don’t settle for for a essay anything less. There are times when you’ll lose your way. Stop working! Go away and come back when you’re fresh. You’ll be able to see what needs to be fixed. Keep working on the lyric until you are genuinely moved and excited by it. Many songwriters begin their songs by strumming a chord or playing two or three chords to inspire a mood, a melody idea, or a lyric theme. Wharton. Today’s hit songs often use simple, repetitive chord progressions, relying on the melody to keep things interesting, melodies with a lot of forward momentum and unexpected twists. To hear this style, check out hit songs by artists like Ed Sheeran, OneRepublic, or Kelly Clarkson. You don’t have to reinvent the for a thesis essay, wheel. There are loads of useful chord progressions that depend on just three to four basic chords.
While song melodies and lyrics are copyrighted, in general, these familiar chord progressions are not. C-Am-F-G belongs to everyone! You can use this type of essay generic chord progression in your own songs. Thesis. I’m going to suggest that, for saudis in bikinis essay now, you do just that. These progressions aren’t hard to thesis essay pick up. Listen to saudis essay a recent hit song and outline thesis essay learn to play along on essay, either guitar or keyboards. Outline For A Essay. There are many YouTube videos that will show you how to play recent hits. There are also “fake books” with chords and websites with the chord progressions for hundreds of hit songs. Just do a quick web search using the song title and the word “chords.” If you decide to cultural college use one of these chord progressions to outline for a thesis essay practice writing a song of your own, just be sure you don’t use any of the melody or lyric from the hit song.
These are protected by the copyright law. If you already have an idea for wharton essay 2009 your melody, you can hunt for the chords that fit. If you don’t play piano or guitar, take a few lessons. Outline Thesis. There are ‘instant’ piano and high school papers guitar courses you can buy online that will teach you to read and play chords. Check out my Resources page for a good one. Or you can take a few lessons from a local music teacher. Many music stores offer lessons. Your local community center or college may have classes. Or ask friends and neighbors to refer a teacher. Thesis Essay. If you decide to 2009 take lessons, be sure to tell the outline for a, teacher you want to learn to read and play CHORDS.
You don’t need to learn note reading. In general, songwriters don’t have to be great musicians. We know chords, we know song craft, we know how to dissertation follow our emotions – none of thesis this has anything to do with how many dazzling riffs and licks you can play. Just strum or chord along with your voice and keep the emotional feel front and center. Here’s a resource for those of you who don’t play an cultural experience essay, instrument – and essay even those who do! Karaoke tracks offer an instant backing track that can inspire ideas and get you singing your lyrics to college a contemporary beat.
Go ahead and write a song for friends and outline for a thesis essay family or just for songwriting practice. The track itself is copyrighted but generally the chords are not. Wharton Essay. If you want to pitch your song commercially, you’ll need to record a new instrumental track. You can keep the outline, chords or adapt if needed. Many of today’s top TV dramas and high school research films use songs to add mood, energy, and outline for a essay atmosphere to scenes. A lyric with a single, strong emotional focus is ideal for this use. If you’re interested in this market, begin to wharton essay study how songs are used in commercials, TV shows, and films. For A. Notice how they enhance and deepen the effect of the scene. As an online, exercise, choose a scene and try writing a song that would work with it. Record your vocal and a simple guitar or piano part, then play it softly under the scene to see if it increases the emotional impact. For more information, read my book “Shortcuts to Songwriting for Film TV” available at Amazon.com.
So let’s say you have this fabulous lyric. It’s got emotion and essay good song craft but you don’t play guitar or keyboards. Maybe writing melodies just isn’t your strength. Or you’re a musician who doesn’t write lyrics. Time to look for a co-writer! Before you show your lyric or melody to a co-writer, before you enter it in a contest, or otherwise spread it around, it’s a good idea to copyright it with the U.S. Library of learjet resume Congress.
You’ll find online registration forms, printable forms, FAQ, and instructions at the Copyright Office web site. Outline For A Thesis Essay. There’s a fee for each form you file, but you can register groups of in bikinis essay lyrics or songs on a single form to save money. Back to the hunt for collaborators… Idea #1: Check out the outline for a thesis, Collaboration Corner at TAXI.com. You don’t have to be a TAXI member to 2009 join in for a thesis the forum discussions and meet collaborators. Not only are these folks serious about writing songs, most of them are actively pitching to TAXI’s opportunities – a BIG plus! Idea #2: Universities and multi-genre research papers community colleges in your area will have a music department. Talk to one of the for a essay, teachers or post a sign on a bulletin board letting people know you’re looking for bsc co-writers and what style you write in.
Also, check to see if there is a campus club or group interested in for a thesis essay music or songwriting. Idea #3: Check out clubs in your area that feature local artists. When you find an artist or band playing the kind of music you’re interested in, ask if they’re willing to co-write. Learjet Resume. When they tell you they write all their own songs, tell them you’d like to collaborate on songs to pitch to outline publishers for other artists. They’ll be interested. Idea #4: Check out local music stores. They usually have a guitar or piano teacher or they can put you in touch with one. The teacher might be interested in writing with you or may know a student who is looking for a collaborator. Once you’ve written a strong song with a memorable melody, emotionally evocative lyric, and dissertation good structure that keeps the listener’s attention, you’ll want to make a demo to show it off. Advances in recording technology have revolutionized home recording. It’s now relatively easy and affordable to outline thesis essay put together a home demo studio.
Although a course in home recording is cultural experience beyond the scope of this article, here are a couple of for a thesis essay ways to get started… HOME MIDI STUDIOS: There are many inexpensive software programs that include both MIDI sequencers (for use with MIDI keyboards) and audio recording capability (to record vocals and experience college essay guitar). Acid Music Studio is an inexpensive sequencer and it comes with a huge library of loops that make assembling a track a breeze. For Mac users there’s Garageband for MAC . For A. It’s included in the iLife software package. You’ll need a MIDI keyboard for high school papers use with both of these programs. Apple has one for under $100. Thesis. Yamaha makes a good inexpensive keyboard. SONGWRITING SOFTWARE: There’s a unique software program called Band-In-A-Box that I like a lot! BIAB is like having a song collaborator who never tells you your ideas are lousy. It will create a chord progression or you can type one in or play one on a MIDI keyboard.
It will create a drum, bass, piano, guitar, and string arrangement based on your chords. BIAB will even create a melody and a title! It’s inexpensive, fun, creative, and a great place to start a song from scratch! To find out more, visit my Resources page. There are versions for both PC (BIAB for Windows) and Mac (BIAB for Mac) . DEMO SERVICES: There are many good recording studios and demo services that can produce all or part of your demo. They can record the instrumental tracks so you can do your vocal at home, or they can give provide just the guitar or drums. You’ll have a chance to give input or talk with the dissertation bsc, producer ahead of time. I suggest giving the service an idea of thesis essay what you want by playing existing songs with a similar style, sound, or feel. Here’s a list of services and online musicians I’ve used. Of course, all I have given you here is a doorway into songwriting. There are other ways to approach songwriting but they’re just other doors.
Once you go through the door, that’s when you really begin to learn. Dissertation. Everything you need to know is right there on the radio, in your CD collection or on your iPod. Study songs by your favorite artists to thesis learn what they’re doing. Wharton 2009. Here’s a list of hit songs that I’ve posted with a look at outline for a essay what makes them tick. You’ll find tips on how to cultural essay use these ideas in songs of your own. You don’t need to reinvent the wheel every time you write a song.
Stand on the shoulders of giants; use what others have discovered and for a build on it. English Online Papers. Make it your own! Don’t worry that you’ll end up sounding like someone else – you’ll always sound just like you . No one else has your creative ideas, your voice, your thoughts, or your talents!
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Philippians 4:13: Did Paul Write #8220;Christ#8221;? As the apostle Paul closes his immediate words acknowledging a recent gift from the Philippians (Phil 4:10-12), Paul interweaves a statement which transcends gifts and outline, the encouragement to endure that they provide. In Philippians 4:13, Paul#8217;s words read, #8220;I can do all things through#8230;#8221;  It ellipses into a scene from a role playing game. At this point, the verse breaks out into three possibilities (variant readings) as to how the verse ends. The first two are represented by mainline translations, but the third is my translation (AT) since there are none that I am aware of to represent it: (A) I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me. (NKJV; CEV, FHV4, KJV, NLT, Tyndale) (B) I can do all things through him who strengthens me. (ESV; ASV, Barclay, CEB, HCSB, NASB95, NET, NIV, NRSV, Phillips, RSV, Weymouth, Wycliffe) In truth, Paul#8217;s point is transparent regardless of the textual problem. In them, Paul, at bottom line, concludes his statement with a powerful declaration that #8220;Christ/God gives me the strength to face anything.#8221; Yet, at times questions are asked as to college essay why a translation has this word or is missing that word, so this aspect of the text will be explored here.  So here, in this note, we are not so concerned with the sense of the passage than we are with the original wording of the passage. For while these variants are theologically harmonious, they differ but in two ways; case in thesis essay, point, did Paul label Christ as his enabler, or did he leave it undefined for a reason? Let us consider the textual question, then attempt to put the most probable words in context.
Don#8217;t Get Jittery, We Love the Bible. Every early Sesame Street kid remembers the lyrics: #8220;Three of these things are kind of the same; Can you guess which one of these doesn#8217;t belong here?#8221; Sometimes when the topic of textual criticism emerges upon the scene of our faith it feels so flippant and cruel. Wharton Essay 2009. #8220;You mean to tell me that it was God#8217;s Word in the time of outline thesis, my grandma but now #8216;scholars#8217; know [sarcasm] it isn#8217;t.#8221; But the study and search for the earliest wording of the biblical text is an act of devotion to high multi-genre research God#8217;s word and not some academic display of nerdiness. Outline For A Thesis. While there are areas of subjectivity to the evaluation process of the textual variants, so much as been done to minimize them as much as possible. Why? Because for the most part textual criticism shows a love for the Bible.
So in the words of the late Dr. Dowell Flatt, let us be clear that the search for dissertation bsc, the earliest wording of the biblical text is not (1) a liberal versus conservative issue, (2) a high view versus a low view of inspiration debate, nor is outline thesis, it (3) a study of the varied English versions, or (4) a study of dissertation, what the providence of God should have done or not done.  However, variants make it necessary to “arrive at nearest thing we can have to essay that which” is God-breathed;  “it is, after all, somewhat difficult to learjet resume study or interpret a document accurately unless one first knows exactly what the document says.”  This is, then, a necessary element of biblical interpretation. How can one explain the outline for a text if there is an uncertainty in the wording of the text? Unfortunately, the essay everyday student of the Scriptures (versus someone like an academically trained student of the essay Scriptures) rarely walks through these ancient halls and dissertation bsc, so it becomes something of a mystery. It does not need to thesis essay be so. An Evaluation of the Textual Variants. There are a few things that should be said at the beginning about some general assumptions I am making. There are more refined treatments of this subject to be sure,  but these will at least give some reason for the approach taken here.
First , this evaluation is based upon the premise that (within reasonable limits) the closer a manuscript is in cultural experience college essay, age to the timeframe of for a essay, its composition, then the more probable it is that it represents its autographic wording (i.e. original wording). Saudis In Bikinis Essay. The closer one is the for a thesis source it is typically regarded more pure. Second , wide geographic distribution is a vastly important consideration of the evidence,  but it is not as weighty as the date of the manuscript evidence. For example, a reading may have a significantly wide geographic distribution, but if an english online papers, earlier reading exists also having a wide distribution, then (all things being equal) the oldest reading is for a thesis essay, more probable to be the autographic wording. Third , in most cases one must consider what is the variant which is the hardest to explain and would be most likely create a need to correct or clarify a difficult reading. Sometimes, for english online papers, example, the shorter reading is thesis essay, taken to cultural experience college be the most probable reading since variations are often additions rather than deletions. There are many exceptions to these general assumptions, but these are laid out in outline for a thesis essay, full disclosure. Dissertation Bsc. Let us, then, turn to the three textual variants of Philippians 4:13b. Thesis Essay. From the Least Likely to the Best Supported. First , the (C) variant has the wharton essay 2009 weakest evidence to be the probable reading of the early text of Philippians 4:13.
It is only mentioned in the UBS4 textual apparatus. The only manuscript supporting this reading in the apparatus is from the twelfth to thirteenth century (minuscule 1573). This variant can be easily dismissed due to its weak and late support, but it is an interesting combination of the next two variants. It is also weak since because variants (A) and (B) are more difficult to thesis essay explain than the essay (C) variant.  Second , the (A) variant is outline thesis essay, perhaps the dissertation most well-known among the for a thesis essay three to the English reader. This is due in bsc, large part to the influence and for a essay, dominance of the learjet resume King James/Authorize Version tradition (1611). Outline For A Thesis Essay. It is well known and it clearly establishes the source of Paul#8217;s endurance Christ. I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me. Manuscripts . In Bikinis Essay. The strongest manuscript evidence is seen in thesis essay, second hand #8220;corrections#8221; to the text of both Aleph (4th century) and Claromontanus (6th century). Yet, since they are second corrections the Christo notes are from about 7th century (Aleph) and saudis, 9th century (Claromontanus) respectively. For A Essay.  Despite support in essay, the later Byzantine text ( Byz ) and in church lectionary readings ( Lect ), the reading is found in the ancient versions of the Syrian Peshitta (5th century) and essay, Ethiopian tradition (6th century). The evidence in the early church leaders (i.e.
Church Fathers) is mixed. The mid-4th century finds roughly about half of Eusebius#8217;s manuscripts which include #8220;Christ,#8221; and several late 4th and early 5th century Greek writers with verifiable references to 4:13 (Basil, Gregory, Chrysostom, Cyril, Theodore in latin). Four-fifths of Jerome#8217;s unstable Latin text (419-20) and Paulinus-Nola (481) are witnesses of the Latin church. Distribution . While this variant has a wide geographic distribution among its witnesses (Western, Alexandrian, Byz ), the strongest and earliest examples are substantially late and statistically problematic. David A. English Online. Black calls us to be open-minded to the possibility that “a later MS may preserve an early reading. It is the date of the reading and essay, not of the MS, that is important.”  Still, the cultural experience strength of this variant reading is its wide geographic distribution. Outline For A Thesis Essay. Probabilities . The earliest witnesses for this reading come from ancient translations and quotations from church leaders in both the Latin and Greek church and are omitted in the body of earlier Greek manuscripts. Instead, they exist in much later corrections notes.
This leads to the probability that the reading emerged as “a later addition for the sake of clarity,#8221; perhaps due to influential church leaders and in bikinis, the lectionaries harmonizing Philippians 4:13 with other passages with similar wording (2 Tim 4:17 and Eph 6:10).  In other words, the reading emerged to for a essay identify the bsc one who strengthens Paul and all subsequent Christians. Outline For A Essay. Further, as Metzger observes, #8220;If the word [ Christo ] had been present in the o riginal text, there would have been no reason to omit it.#8221;  One would more likely need to wharton 2009 explain the #8220;elusiveness#8221; of the text rather than to delete Christ from the verse, as such, it would be a #8220;predictable#8221; variant. For A Thesis.  Third , on the whole, the research evidence for thesis, the (B) variant is decidedly better to be the wording of the earliest text of verse 13. Learjet Resume. It#8217;s vagueness better explains (A) and outline, (C) because it is the most difficult reading between the papers three. Outline. I can do all things through him who strengthens me. Manuscripts . This reading has a strong representation from the manuscripts regarded as the most reliable witnesses of the New Testament. They date from the 4th century (Aleph*,  Vaticanus) and the fifth century (Alexandrinus).
Also, it is represented in the fragmented Freerianus (5th century) and the Claromontanus (D* 6th century) manuscripts. It is also represented by early third-century text of Clement of Alexandria (before 215). It is insightful that statistically there are alternative texts among fourth-century church leaders Eusebius (1/3) and Didymus (1/3) with this reading. This shows a similar instability of their texts which include variant (A) above. Still, various fourth and fifth-century witnesses to this reading are from Latin church leaders. Distribution . Witnesses to this reading are geographically broad.
It is found in Alexandria and high, Western manuscripts to eastern translations (Armenian, Vulgate, Coptic), and as far West as Britain (Pelagius after 418). This distribution weighs stronger for the (B) variant due not only to its distribution but also due to its earlier witness. Probabilities . The evidence of the manuscripts and outline for a thesis, early church leaders indicates strongly that this variation is english online, older and essay, is in the best position to explain variants (A) and (C) . The later #8220;scribes#8221; understood Paul#8217;s intent to be Christo (#8220;Christ#8221;), no doubt because Paul, as Gerald Hawthorne observes, #8220; paradoxically gained all by losing all for Christ; he who longed to know Christ and the power of his resurrection (3:7-10), and so on, could only envision Christ as his true source of inner strength.#8221;  So we conclude here that the text reads, #8220;I can do all things through him who strengthens me#8221; (ESV). The evidence above explains why the majority of modern translation have the #8220;unspecified#8221; reading in the body of papers, their texts (ASV, Barclay, CEB, HCSB, NASB95, NET, NIV, NRSV, Phillips, RSV, Weymouth, Wycliffe). So if this is the text, who then is #8220;the one who strengthens#8221; Paul? Let us start with a verb.
The verb endunamao used in Philippians 4:13 (#8220;I make strong#8221;) is for a thesis essay, used approximately 7 times in the New Testament, the majority of time by Paul (Rom 4:20; Eph 6:10; 1 Tim 1:12; 2 Tim 2:1, 4:17). The balance is one reference about Paul gaining strength as an saudis essay, early Christian (Acts 9:22) and those whom the world was not worthy due to their faith (Heb 11:34). The verb itself is part of a larger word family (based on the duna- stem),  but we will limit ourselves to endunamao . Abraham, Paul argues, #8220;grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God#8221; (Rom 4:20). Before Timothy, Paul evokes in prayer #8220;him who has given me strength , Christ Jesus our Lord#8221; (1 Tim 1:12). In his last letter, Paul both encourages Timothy and acknowledges the role of #8220;the grace that is in Christ Jesus#8221; and outline for a essay, #8220;the Lord [who] stood by#8221; has in their lives to strengthen them (2 Tim 2:1, 4:17).
Moreover, in Ephesians Paul empowers his readers with, #8220; Finally be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might#8221; (Eph 6:10). The title #8220;Lord#8221; ( kurios ) is predominately a title for Christ Jesus in learjet resume, the letter. Aside from outline for a essay Paul#8217;s discussion of Abraham#8217;s faith in Romans, Paul is clear to high multi-genre papers connect the empowering force in thesis essay, his life with the Lord Jesus Christ, his grace, and God his Father. This leaves us with Philippians 4:13b and its #8220;vagueness.#8221; The phrase, #8220;the one who strengthens me,#8221; requires explanation who is that? The truth is that Paul was not vague, elusive, or unspecific. Paul was perfectly clear. The articular particple ( to endunamounte ) points back to the #8220;Lord#8221; ( kurios ) in 4:10a. Again, consistent with Paul#8217;s use in Ephesians, #8220;Lord#8221; ( kurios ) is used throughout the Philippian letter for #8220;Jesus Christ#8221; (Phil 1:1; 3:20). School Multi-genre Papers. There is perhaps no greater example in Philippians that #8220;Lord#8221; refers to Jesus than 2:11: #8220; every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is thesis, Lord , to the glory of cultural experience college essay, God the Father .#8221; In the outline thesis essay immediate context of 4:13b, Paul already expresses his great joy to be #8220;in the wharton Lord#8221; (4:10; 3:1).
Paul repeats this locative phrase #8220;in the Lord#8221; several times in Philippians (1:14; 2:19, 24, 29; 3:1, 4:1-2, 4) and such a phrase is outline thesis, unique to Paul. It is one of those phrases that he seems to have just made up to convey a Christian concept where the Lord Jesus#8217; presence dwells within an immanent Christian context.  #8220;In the Lord#8221; means, then, #8220;Jesus is here#8221; or #8220;in the presence of Jesus.#8221; So contextually, #8220;the one who strengthens me#8221; (4:13b) goes back to the presence of Jesus (#8220;in the Lord#8221;) in 4:10a and it is obvious that this is Paul#8217;s intended meaning, even though it is not Paul#8217;s words. But why the so-called #8220;vagueness#8221;? Perhaps it is simply a matter of style or syntax convention. Consider one example along these lines. In Philippians 1:6, there is a similar example of a #8220;vague#8221; articular participle, #8220;he who began a good work in you#8230;#8221; The context begins with #8220;God#8221; (1:3). #8220;God our Father#8221; is always connected to the work of Jesus Christ (1:1). Even in the context of 4:10-13, Paul calls upon multi-genre papers God to #8220;supply every need#8221; of the Philippians #8220;according to this riches in glory in outline for a thesis, Christ Jesus#8221; (4:19) as part of his gratitude for their gift (4:18). But it is God who is the college source of outline for a, our salvation (1:28) and the exaltation of the Lord Jesus (2:9). It is God who consummates the work He begins in His children at experience the day of Christ (2:13-16). So contextually, the outline #8220;vague#8221; articular participle, #8220;he who began a good work in you,#8221; goes back to saudis essay #8220;God#8221; in 1:3.
This is outline for a thesis, a parallel to 4:13b and leads me to in bikinis conclude that Paul is not being vague, elusive, or unspecific. In both cases, Paul leads with God or the Lord, then references back with an articular participle. It is God #8220;who began a good work in outline thesis, you#8221; (1:6) and it is the Lord through whom Paul can #8220;do all things#8221; (4:13). These participles are functioning as anaphoric abstract adjectives for God and for bsc, the Lord.  In other words, it points back up the text and to a previous referent (God, Lord). In seeking an answer to the textual variant in the Greek text of thesis, Philippians 4:13b, we walked through some history of the text in the early church. Christians seem to have needed a stronger sense of the one through whom Paul was empowered to endure all things. Was it a slip of the pen? Was it a theological harmonization with other passages using so many similar words? Hard to say. But the history of the text shows a few things.
Theologically, the variant is insignificant because all three variant readings are essentially harmonious. They say the same thing just with a difference in nuance. Still the question remains: why so vague Paul? The answer is cultural experience college essay, most likely a matter of convention . It is not that Paul is outline for a thesis, purposely elusive as if he wishes the Philippians to guess. Essay 2009. We see a parallel in 1:6 and 4:13 using the articular participle to tell us more about thesis essay God and Jesus. So what Paul wants his readers to know is that Jesus is here, in wharton essay 2009, his life, manifesting the power of the for a thesis resurrection and it gives Paul (1) insight to be content in the face of real challenges and (2) the capacity to endure all things that come his way (Phil 3:7-11, 4:10-13). This is the experience grace and source of strength for all those whose citizenship is in heaven (Phil 3:20). The Greek texts and outline for a thesis, apparatuses used are the english online papers following: (NA28) Barbara Aland, et al., eds. Novum Testamentum Graece , 28th ed. (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2012); (UBS5) Barbara Aland, et al., eds. The Greek New Testament , 5th revised ed. (Germany: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2014). Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament , 2 d ed. (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2001), 11*; Jack P. Lewis, Questions You’ve Asked about Bible Translations (Searcy, AR: Resource Publications, 1991), 91; David Alan Black, “Textual Criticism of the New Testament,” Foundations for outline thesis essay, Biblical Interpretation , eds.
David S. Dockery, et al. (Nashville, TN: Broadman Holman, 1994), 396-97. Sonship, Spiritual Formation, and Eschatology: A Reading of Romans 8:12-17. The initial basis for looking into Romans 8:12-17 was due to an interest in cultural experience essay, Paul’s use of “adoption” ( huiothesia ) in his Christian application of outline for a thesis, a legal technical term. Paul’s use of the term is not limited to Romans (8:15, 23; 9:4) for it is also found in the letters to the Galatian (4:5) and the Ephesian (1:5) Christians. This is the combined data of Paul’s use of the english term in particular and in the New Testament in general. In Romans 8:15 Paul assures his readers that they had received “a spirit of adoption”; similarly, but with a different nuance, in for a essay, Galatians 4:5 Paul writes of an “adoption” dependent upon english online the redemptive work of Jesus as he frees those under the law (4:4).
In Ephesians, Paul again establishes the outline for a thesis connection between “adoption” and Jesus; specifically, the saints are to understand their “adoption” was preordained and accomplished through Jesus (1:5). However, in saudis in bikinis, Romans 8:23 “adoption” is something yet to come when the body will be delivered. Lastly, Romans 9:4 calls attention to the fact that “adoption” is a possession of the Israelites along with “the glory, the covenants, the outline for a thesis giving of the law, the worship, and the promises” (cf. Exod 4:22). It appears that “adoption” is an important term in Paul’s argumentation in Romans to explain sonship which belonged to Israel “according to the flesh” (9:5), but belongs also to “the children of the promise” (9:8). English Online. Nevertheless, the limited use of huiothesia demonstrates that “adoption” has a specialized context of application and is not widely used by outline for a, other New Testament authors. Although huiothesia holds a striking image which reflects the full inclusion of the Christian into the family of God with all its benefits, a reading of Romans 8:12-17 demonstrates that “sonship” ( huiothesia , huioi theou , tekna theou ) requires spiritual formation (8:13) with a view to a joint glorification with Jesus (8:17). There are many subordinate points to be sure; however, these three generalizations serve as a critical bridge to carry Paul’s argument further from Romans 8:1-11 to 8:18 which continues a discussion about living in the spirit (contra kata sarka 8:5) and anticipating a “glory that is to english papers be revealed to us.” These points will be borne out in the translation and reading prepared below. For A Thesis Essay.  So then, brothers, we are not debtors to the flesh (namely, to live according to college the flesh). Essay.  For if you live according to the flesh then you are destined to die, but if you put to death, by the Spirit, the deeds of the body, then you will keep yourself alive. College.  For all who are led by God’s Spirit, these are God’s sons.  For you have not received again a spirit of slavery towards fearfulness, but you received a spirit of adoption in which we cry out: #8220;Abba-Father!”  The Spirit testifies along with our spirit that we are God’s children,  and essay, if we are children, then we are heirs as well on the one hand, God’s heirs, and on the other hand, joint heirs with Christ if, after all, we suffer together in order that we may share in glory. Exegesis and Reading of Romans 8:12-17.
According to the 28th edition of the Nestle-Aland text, Paul begins this with the strengthened phrase Ara oun (“so then”), which is a combination of two “inferential conjunctions”  designed to link it with the preceding rhetoric written against in bikinis essay living kata sarka . In Romans, Ti oun (3:1, 9; 4:1; 6:1, 15; 7:7, 13; 8:31; 9:14) or oun (5:1; 6:12; 11:1, 11; 12:1) are used to string large sections of questions and rhetoric along;  moreover, ara appears in the letter in its basic function as an inferential particle (“So” 7:21; “therefore” 8:1).  Interestingly, Ara oun marks significant shifts to capture both the inference and the transition in the text (5:18; 7:3, 25b; 8:12; 9:16, 18; 14:12, 19). Outline Thesis Essay.  Consequently, Paul is doing two things in 8:12. He is affirming an inference while transitioning his argument forward to oppose living kata sarka : “brothers, we are not debtors to the flesh (namely, to live according to the flesh)” (8:12).  In reading opheiletai esmen ou te sarki Paul’s main point is established; namely, “we are not debtors with reference to the flesh.” Daniel B. Wallace states that opheiletai is a verbal-noun of personal interest formed from its cognate verb opheilo (“I owe”) which requires the dative to complete its thought ( te sarki ); moreover, te sarki also limits the state of the subject and verb (“we are not debtors”) which suggests this is a Dative of Reference, or Dative of Respect. Dissertation Bsc.  The next clause tou kata sarka zen is translated parenthetically because it appears best understood epexegetically. Stanley E. Outline For A Essay. Porter makes two helpful points. First, Porter writes, “when an infinitive is used as part of a prepositional phrase, this syntactical construction must be taken seriously.” Second, when the infinitive follows tou it may function “epexegetical or appositional.”  Since the infinitive draws out the meaning of “we are not debtors to with reference to the flesh,” it seems best to regard it epexegetical and parenthetical. This is in complete accord with his argument in Romans 8:5-8. At this point the reader is directed ( gar ) to a series of cohesive conditional statements, marked off with ei , which portray the saudis essay curse of living according to the flesh (8:13a) and the blessing received when led by the Spirit of for a essay, God (i.e. spiritual formation; 8:13b-15). It is important to rehearse that conditional statements are two clauses which are combined to portray a contingency; they are not necessarily portrayals of reality.  Usually, the first clause contains the contingency under consideration (protasis); meanwhile, the essay 2009 second clause is outline thesis, a statement – the portrayal – about what will happen, or not happen, should the contingent action occur (apodosis). In 8:13a, then, ei … kata sarka zete, mellete apothneskein , is a portrayal of the contingent curse upon unfaithful Christians: “if you live according to saudis in bikinis essay the flesh” (contingent), then “you are destined to die” (portrayal). There exists a cause and effect relationship portrayed in this conditional statement: death will occur if one lives fleshly.
Wallace debates the idea of whether this should be viewed exclusively spiritual or literal. Although he is probably right to lean towards a literal view, this is thesis essay, not a grammatical question. Nevertheless, sin is accompanied with both a physical and spiritual curse of death (Gen 3:3; Rom 5:12, 6:23). In Romans 8:13b, the text reads: ei de pneumati tas praxeis tou somatos  thanatoute, zesesthe . The de provides a hint that the forthcoming text is in bikinis, adversative but not so strong it is unrelated to the previous words. This is quite helpful, since the for a thesis essay contingency under consideration, “if you put to death, by wharton essay, the Spirit, the deeds of the body,” is designed to counter life kata sarka . The verb thanatoute (“you [pl.] put to death”) is an active verb, which is significant for thesis essay, an understanding of how the 2009 dative pneumati functions in the apodosis. Initially, one must consider if the Dative is of Agency or of Means. There is a key to distinguish between the two, though both, as Porter observes, “label a relationship by which (normally) a thing (and occasionally a person) brings about or enters into an action with respect to something else.”  The main key is found in the verb thanatoute , being a present active verb, which places the burden of the action (“I kill”) upon Paul’s readers not upon for a thesis essay the Spirit. In order for the dative pneumati to be a “clear” grammatical demonstration of school multi-genre papers, agency, Wallace states the verb must be perfect passive. Outline Thesis Essay.  The protasis reads, then, “if you put to dissertation death, by means of the Spirit, the deeds of the body.” As in the previous conditional statement (13a), there is for a thesis, no structural marker establishing the “then” clause (apodosis); however, the semantics of the construction is obvious.
The middle verb Zesesthe completes the “if-then” clause, portraying the effect: “you will keep yourself alive.” The reader should understand there is a cause and effect relationship portrayed in this conditional statement: The Christian’s life will be kept, if the college Christian employs the instrumentality of the Spirit to kill off the body’s “sinful” actions. Clearly the outline for a thesis Christian participates in their spiritual formation when they embrace the dissertation life-giving relationship of the Spirit. For A Thesis.  The reader is directed ( gar ) again to a series of cohesive statements (8:14-15) which provide reassurance to Christians regarding their inclusion into the Father’s family. Verse 14 appears to be an implied conditional statement since the grammatical markers are lacking to introduce the contingent clause.  If this is the wharton case, there may be an ambiguity which is at play in the text. The verse reads: hosoi gar pneumati theou agontai, houtoi huioi theou eisin (“for all who are led by God’s Spirit, these are God’s sons”). In the assumption of an implied contingency, “If you are all led by God’s Spirit,” is followed by, “then, you are God’s sons.” Or, as Wallace states the converse, “If you are the sons of God, you are led by the Spirit.”  In either case, what is at outline for a the core in this implied contingency is spiritual formation (as “sons of God”) not conversion. Moses E. Dissertation Bsc. Lard, taking eisin in a durative sense, translates and outline essay, observes: “these remain sons of high school research papers, God. For the outline Apostle is not speaking of originally becoming sons, but of continuing such.”  The means by dissertation bsc, which this occurs is stated in the present passive + Dative of outline for a, Means clause, pneumati theou agontai . English Online. The agent of Christian spiritual formation is, then, God’s Spirit – not the deeds of the body ( tas praxeis tou somatos ) or the flesh ( sarka ). In verse 15, then, Paul extends ( gar ) this argument to outline thesis essay further intertwine spiritual formation with the assurance of sonship: ou gar elabete pneuma douleias palin eis phobon alla elabete pneuma huiothesias en ho kradzomen: abba ho pater (“For you have not receive again a spirit of slavery towards fearfulness, but you received a spirit of adoption in which we cry out: Abba-Father”). In both cases of the aorist active elabete , the verb functions in a culminative sense (resultative, perfective, effective aorist), which places a “slight emphasis” upon “the conclusion or the results of the completed action.”  Particularly is this true with verbs having roots which “signify effort or attempt or intention or process, and it indicates the completion or attainment of such things.”  In the first instance, elabete is modified by the negative particle ou and the adverb palin ; whereas pneuma douleias is the condition (“benefit”) not received.  On the learjet resume contrary ( alla ), Paul affirms the conclusive nature of what they have received: pneuma huiothesias . For A. This is a statement regarding a status change. Christians are not merely “slaves” who had been freed from the servitude to sin (manumission) but are huioi theou , because they have received pneuma huiothesias . There is a logical connection between pneuma huiothesias and english papers, the prepositional phrase (taking the dative) en ho and the governing dynamic of their outcry ( kradzomen ). Does en ho suggest “within” (Locative), located “within the sphere of influence, control…” (Spherical), or is it manner or cause (Instrumental)?  Despite the overlap in many respects, Dative of outline for a thesis, Sphere – an extension of the Locative – retains the emphasis of the high multi-genre research Spirit’s influence. The result is outline for a essay, spectacular for the content of the Christian outcry is: abba ho pater .  This is where spiritual formation and sonship/adoption interlock; namely, in essay, affirmation. The Christian not only affirms sonship, but “the Spirit himself” ( auto to outline essay pneuma ) is involved in affirming the Christian’s status before God.
Paul writes: auto to pneuma summarturei to pneumati hemon hoti esmen tekna theou (8:16). The verse emphasizes the Spirit’s identity with the predicate construction auto to pneuma (cf. Rom 8:26).  The Spirit is involved in affirming “we are God’s children” ( esmen tekna theou ). There is no question Whom the experience college subject of the verb is; however, there is a question regarding the relationship between the verb summarturei (“he testifies” to/for) and the dative-genitive construction to pneumati hemon (“to/for our spirit”).  On the for a one hand, the Spirit’s testimony may be viewed in terms of Dative of Association which renders the reading “the Spirit testifies alongside with our spirit”; on the other hand, maintaining the dative-genitive as the indirect object the reading is “the Spirit testifies to our spirit.” Wallace states that grammatically, Dative of Association is usually based upon wharton essay 2009 verbs compounded with sun but this is not an exhaustive rule. The reason being, sun may also be intensive rather than associative. Wallace, following Cranfield, recoils at the notion of the associative since the Christian spirit “has no right at all to testify” along with the Spirit.  This is outline for a thesis essay, a theological exacerbation of the grammar.
Trevor Burke responds, “the compound verb… with the dative expression would more naturally mean ‘bears witness with our spirit’ as two witnesses linked together indicating that we are God’s sons.”  It would seem consistent with the movement of the overall thrust of the passage that the Spirit’s leading crescendos in a united confirmation (“The Spirit itself testifies along with our spirit”). Adoptive sonship is at the heart of verses 16-17, so much so that Paul transitions from huioi theou (“God’s sons”) to tekna theou (“God’s children”) after assuring his Christian readers they have received pneuma huiothesias (“the spirit of adoption”). The transition is significant and is the basis for the eschatological conclusion of saudis in bikinis essay, this segment of for a thesis essay, Romans 8, picked up in verse 18. The text, structured semantically as a conditional sentence,  reads: ei de tekna , kai kleronomoi: kleronomoi men theou , sungkleronomoi de Christou , eiper sumpaschomen hina kai sundoxasthomen . As in cultural college essay, verse 13b, de is adversative but not so strong it is unrelated to the previous words. Outline. In fact, it further develops the in bikinis essay argument from the previous verse with the conditional clause: “if we are children [ tekna ], then we are heirs as well.” The protasis is evidential not causal, and the apodosis is inferential not effectual; moreover, heirs as children is further explained: “on the one hand, God’s heirs, and on the other hand, joint heirs with Christ.” Paul concludes this pericope with an intensive form of ei ( eiper ) meaning “if indeed, if after all, since, if it is essay, true that.”  The strength of the closing clause is in its eschatological connection. Spiritual formation through the Spirit, and adoptive sonship with its inheritance, are connected to a joint-glorification through suffering: “if after all we suffer together in order that we will share  in glory.” Romans 8:12-17 is a tremendous contribution to the Gospel’s appropriation of bsc, all those freed from the lordship of for a, sin and redeemed by essay, the blood of outline essay, Jesus. Where they were once flesh led, now Christians are Spirit led. Where once they were outside of the family of God, they are made adopted sons and confirmed as children with an inheritance. Christians are given the resources through the Spirit to use “death” to kill the deeds of the body in order to have life. The Spirit provides the context for learjet resume, spiritual formation. The model of slavery and outline for a thesis, emancipation from slavery were probably very vivid the Roman Christians, but perhaps the most eye opening is God taking former slaves and embracing them as members of his own household as sons and children.
This is not a token adoption, but a full investment complete with inheritance, making the Christian a joint heir with Christ in suffering and glorification. Archibald T. Robertson and english, W. Hersey Davis, A New Short Grammar of the thesis Greek Testament , 10th ed. (1933; repr., Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1979), 317. Stanley E. Porter, Idioms of the Greek New Testament , 2d ed. (London: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999), 305. BDAG 103. BDAG 104; Robertson and Davis, New Short Grammar , 317.
Unless specified the translation used in multi-genre, the body of this paper is that of the author. James A. Brooks and Carlton L. Winbery, Syntax of New Testament Greek (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1979), 36; Harvey E. Outline Thesis. Dana and Julius R. Cultural Essay. Mantey, A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament (New York, NY: Macmillan, 1957), 85. Porter, Idioms , 198. Daniel B. Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1996), 680-87. The Nestle-Aland textual apparatus notes the variant reading: tes sarkos . Although there is some antiquity to for a the variant reading, and some linguistic consistency ( sarx ); in dissertation bsc, keeping with the more difficult reading which would require such a scribal adjustment, tou somatos is viewed as the best wording. Essay. Porter, Idioms , 99. Research Papers. Wallace, Greek Grammar , 163-166. Thesis Essay. Wallace concedes that a passive verb would be sufficient.
The two conditional sentences portray the outcomes of the two paths of spiritual formation. Living kata sarka leads to death, but living pneumati maintains life by killing sin at english online its source tas praxeis tou somatos . This is in keeping with Paul’s overall argument in Romans 8: “To set the for a thesis mind on the flesh is wharton 2009, death, but to set the thesis essay mind on the Spirit is life and peace” (ESV). Wallace, Greek Grammar , 685-86. Wallace, Greek Grammar , 686. Moses E. Lard, Commentary on Romans (1875; repr., Delight, AR: Gospel Light, n.d.), 264. Brooks and Winbery, Syntax , 100.
Brooks and Winbery, Syntax , 100. This is an dissertation bsc, adamant declaration: “you are not slaves again for you have been freed from sin” (cf. Rom 6.17-18). Porter, Idioms , 156-58. Robertson and Davis, New Short Grammar , 215.
Robertson calls this idiomatic construction, “The Articular Nominative as Vocative”; meaning, a “vocative of address” is formed in the nominative yet its case is vocative. Porter, Idioms , 120; Dana and Mantey, Manual Grammar , 129 Wallace, Greek Grammar , 160 Wallace, Greek Grammar , 159 Trevor J. Burke, “Adoption and the Spirit in Romans 8,” EQ 70.4 (1998): 322. Outline For A. Wallace, Greek Grammar , 683. Porter, Idioms , 209; Barclay M. Newman, Jr., A Concise Greek-English Dictionary of the New Testament (Stuttgart: German Bible Society, 1993), 53; Dana and Mantey, Manual Grammar , 262; Richard J. Learjet Resume. Goodrich and Albert L. Lukaszewski, A Reader’s Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003), 344. For A Thesis. Brooks and essay, Winbery, Syntax , 103. The grammatical reading of the passage takes the aorist passive verb as “I am glorified with,” but the hina and the anticipation inherent in the clause would suggest the aorist is functioning as a Futuristic Aorist.
Ascertaining the Date of outline for a, Daniel: A First Look. Discussion concerning the wharton date for the composition of Daniel is controversial. The traditional view is that it is outline thesis, of 6 th century B.C. origin, while the critical view argues for a late 2 nd century B.C. time frame of completion. On the surface, it seems that critical scholars have removed any thought of retaining a traditional view towards the composition of the 2009 book of Daniel. Supporters of the traditional view, however, have responded in numerous scholarly ways. Yet, it appears to for a thesis be the case that the majority of biblical scholars, i.e. the critics, agree that the traditional view is saturated with egregious errors (interpretive and english, historical) and consequently is essay, not a feasible alternative. Traditionalists have combated further by exploiting the weaknesses of multi-genre research papers, critical approaches to date the composition of Daniel.
The controversy, though, still wages and the effects of the implications of each model are felt in biblical academia. The roots of each model run deep into certain presuppositions relative to supernaturalism. While each view will be given consideration below, here it seems necessary to make mention of this because it plays such a vital role in outline essay, evaluating the available evidence. Generally speaking, the critical approach brings to the evaluation of the evidence the supposition that the english online papers production of outline for a thesis essay, Biblical books is solely the product of human enterprise to essay the exclusion of Divine guidance and revelatory intervention. This view is in outline for a, practical terms, deistic. Meanwhile, traditionalists usually believe that Divine guidance and high multi-genre, revelatory intervention coupled with the utility of outline for a thesis essay, man are possible and the means by which God makes his will known to humanity. Issues such as predictive prophecy and inspiration are therefore readily accepted by traditionalists, but this is denied by the critics, for they take a naturalistic (or rationalistic) approach because they view supernatural intervention as incapable of occurring. The two approaches are diametrically opposed.
Ultimately, one is false and the other is the correct approach. The proposition under discussion here is that although the critical position of a late Maccabean period for learjet resume, the date of composition of the book of Daniel is predominately accepted by biblical scholars, the outline for a thesis traditional position that the book of Daniel is of an early 6 th century B.C. composition is adequately supported by online, the linguistic and historical evidence. The approaches for dating the composition of the book of Daniel are composed of numerous methods of argumentation, with varying degrees of complexity. In general, though, the thesis two basic approaches can be condensed with some generalizations. Experience Essay. The traditional approach for ascertaining the thesis date of composition for the book of Daniel argues that the book is a literary product of the 6 th century B.C., composed by learjet resume, Daniel (the book’s hero) by the inspiration and guidance of the God of Israel. Outline For A. According to this approach, the story is both a historical and a prophetic document; consequently, it is online papers, not a mythological book of imagery. The historical setting of the outline for a thesis book and its composition, then, is in Babylonian captivity and subsequently into the early years of Medo-Persian imperial rule (c.
603-536 BC).  This view is the earliest extant view held between Hebrew and cultural experience essay, Christian writings to outline date. Harold Ginsberg, who is in experience college essay, favor the critical approach, concedes in the Encyclopaedia Judaica that the traditional view is the earliest position concerning the date of composition for Daniel. He writes: Both the rabbis of the Talmudic Age and the Christian Church Fathers accepted the book’s own statements that the four apocalypses of Daniel B [chapters 7-12] were written by a man named Daniel in the last years of the thesis essay Babylonian Age and in the first ones of the online Persian Age, […] and they did not question the thesis historicity of any part of Daniel A [chapters 1-6].  Even though no other position is known earlier than the learjet resume Hebrew tradition, it has not remained unchallenged by critical scholars. Raymond Dillard and Tremper Longman, however, observe that it was not until the 1900s that things changed, because up until the 20 th century the book of Daniel was viewed as being composed by the historical Daniel (statesman and prophet of God) who ministered prominently in the 500s B.C. and who revealed the future political progression of four kingdoms and the implementation of God’s kingdom.  In contradistinction to the traditional approach stands the critical approach for ascertaining the thesis essay date for experience college, the composition of essay, Daniel.
As the antagonist to the traditional view the critical position affirms that the book of high multi-genre papers, Daniel is a rather late production by some unknown author or editor of the 2 nd century B.C. Critical scholars view the book of outline, Daniel as a pseudepigraph (a false writing)  and consequently cannot have been written by Daniel nor capable to predict the dissertation future, because the critical approach does not believe that predictive prophecy can occur. Instead of relating history and future events, Daniel was written to inflame the patriotic muscles of the outline essay Israelites in order to confront Antiochus IV Epiphanes (a Seleucid) and his people from Syria for Antiochus’ desecration of the temple in college essay, Jerusalem. The prophecies are said to be written “after the for a event” ( vaticinium ex eventu ). Learjet Resume. The earliest denial of the outline for a thesis traditional view is found in school multi-genre papers, the writings of thesis essay, a Neoplatonic philosopher named Porphyry. About 2 centuries after Jesus Christ had described Daniel as “the prophet” (Matt 23:15), Porphyry put his stylus to experience essay the maximum level of labor and outline for a thesis essay, produced a 15 volume work entitled, Against the Christians .  According to Jerome’s commentary on wharton essay, Daniel, which is the only source which reproduces Porphyry’s arguments, in his 12th volume Porphyry attacks “the prophecy of outline for a thesis essay, Daniel” and affirms that there are characteristics of the book which betray a late 2 nd century B.C. Cultural College. period for composition.  Prominent critical scholar J.J. Collins observes that while Porphyry’s argument was resisted for outline essay, about a millennium, modern critics from the 18 th century to today acknowledge their “validity” and essay 2009, his “insight.”  Yet those who still resist Porphyry’s work do so principally on for a thesis, the grounds that his reasoning is based upon the a priori supposition that predictive prophecy is impossible. Cultural Essay.  With these two approaches being considered, a working knowledge of for a thesis essay, both the approach to the book and the evaluation of dissertation, evidence are acquired. The burden to provide adequate evidence to substantiate the claims made above falls upon the shoulders of each approach.
Majority consensus is not to be confused with absolute certainty, and the term “conservative approach” need not blind one’s eye of discernment in the evaluation of the data. Outline. The case must stand based upon the evidence available and proper critique of what it means and substantiates. This shall presently be done. There are numerous avenues of approaches to essay 2009 dating the materials in the book of Daniel. For example, the outline for a thesis essay earliest extant tradition of the dissertation bsc date of composition can greatly aid in approaching the problem, however, there are more issues to deal with than just tradition. As is outline essay, typical with the critical approach, various issues are raised dealing with the high multi-genre history of both the outline for a thesis text and its composition, linguistic analysis, theological development, and any possible discrepant exegetical material. Dissertation. Edwin Yamauchi has discussed some on these issues in 1980.  The scope of this discussion is large, so attention will be given to the issues relative to linguistics and history. Linguistic analysis is a broad field of thesis, analysis that looks at the languages employed, the grammar used, the learjet resume literary genre implemented to carry out the production of the document.
As in practically every book placed under the scalpel of criticism one of the areas of outline for a essay, discussion and controversy is the literary characteristics of the given book. Daniel is no exception. Critics argue that the language and stylistic materials in Daniel betray a late date. In staunch disagreement stand scholars taking the traditional approach, asserting that the literary content of high school research, Daniel is outline thesis essay, best explained by an early date. The last century and a half (roughly) reflect this debate. It seems evident, however, that the learjet resume growing data relative to the literary content of Daniel weighs in strongly for an early date. In 1976, Bruce K. Outline For A. Waltke observed: From [S.R.] Driver’s classic statement of the linguistic evidence in bsc, 1897 to the commentary by thesis, [Norman W.] Porteous in 1965, there has been no reappraisal of the evidence by the literary critics of Daniel in learjet resume, spite of the thesis essay increasing mass of evidence that the language of Daniel can no longer be regarded as belonging to the second century B.C. Essay.  It is, therefore, important to analyze this line of outline for a essay, reasoning to cultural experience college essay observe the nature of the outline evidence and make a conclusion as to what the details suggest in order to make an educated assertion. Two major areas of contention are the mixture of high papers, Hebrew (Dan 1:1-2:4a; 8:1-12) and Aramaic (2:4b-7:28) languages in the book of outline thesis, Daniel and the loan words from the high multi-genre Persian and Greek languages.
The book of essay, Daniel is the product of bsc, two languages; Hebrew and Aramaic. This book does not stand alone in having this admixture of languages, however, for for a thesis, the book of Ezra is of similar composition (Aramaic sections Ezra 4:8-6:18; 7:12-26).  Critical scholars allege that the book was originally composed in english, Aramaic and later the present transitions (1:1-2:4a and 8:1-12) were translated into Hebrew.  Neil R. Lightfoot remarks that the Hebrew to Aramaic and Aramaic to Hebrew sections in Daniel has been confirmed by the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS).  While Lightfoot does not identify the specific fragments, Gerhard Hasel identifies them in his work as 1QDan a (Dan 2:2-6), 4QDan a (7:25-8:5), 4QDan b (Dan 7:26-8:1-8).  Overall, “we have at our disposal from the for a thesis essay Dead Sea scrolls parts of all chapters, except Daniel 9 and 12.”  This is striking information because when the scrolls were discovered one of the main questions was concerning what precise sections were preserved. Moreover, the english online papers earliest extant text before the DSS was the Masoretic Text (MT c. A.D. 980), the accuracy of for a thesis essay, which was seriously challenged by critical scholars because of the great gap between the MT and the autographs. The transitions in Daniel received equal criticism; however, there is no reason to cultural argue against, except if one is biased toward the for a thesis essay critical view, that the online Hebrew and Aramaic sections are authentic. The authenticity of the composition of outline for a, Daniel argues strongly that the book is one whole unit.  Critics typically argue that Daniel is the result of a long process of composition. They argue that Daniel A, that is english papers, Daniel 1-6, is the first and essay, oldest unit of the papers book, and Daniel B, that is Daniel 7-12, is principally of outline for a thesis, late authorship or redaction.  The critical scholar John G. Gammie has argued that there have been three stages in the growth of the saudis essay book.  Hasel observes that the oldest scroll published before 1992 is 4QDan c dating to the late 2 nd century B.C. The manuscript evidence for Daniel is 50 years closer to the supposed Maccabean date of composition than anything extant.  Moreover, “there is great harmony between the MT and the Cave 4 finds of the book of Daniel” and for a essay, Hasel notes 4 powerful lines of wharton 2009, supporting material.  The unity and early date for outline for a, the DSS is far more problematic to dissertation bsc the critic than the traditionalist because: Is there enough time for the supposed tradition-historical and redaction-critical developments [as mentioned above] allegedly needed for the growth of the thesis essay book? […] The verdict seems negative, and an earlier date for Daniel than the second century is unavoidable.  The rather simple observation is that the language transitions are original and a mark of an online, authentic production, and consequently of an earlier date than is supposed by critics.
Yet the critic is not content with this conception; instead, it appears that the critic must contrive another hypothesis. The book of Daniel has Persian and outline for a thesis, Greek loanwords along with one Egyptian loanword. Cultural Experience College. This has served as a source of outline for a essay, contention between both approaches. The only agreement as of yet is that they exist; the learjet resume evidence that they provide is interpreted distinctively. Critics argue that these words reflect a late period.
In fact, it has been argued that their placement in Daniel is the result of a deliberate desire to give the impression of outline essay, being really from the 6 th century B.C. Cultural College Essay. but not done consistently. Thesis.  According to S.R. Driver’s classical arguments, critics argue that Greek loanwords objectively support the case; moreover, as Peter W. Coxon argues, it is the “strongest evidence in favor of the second century B.C.” position.  Traditional scholars are not impressed with such assertions on the grounds that there is saudis essay, no need to limit the utility of the each respective language to for a essay the 2nd century B.C.; therefore, the argument (based upon a precise but faulty linguistic chronology) falls by the wayside as compelling “proof.” The Egyptian word is hartummin (Dan 2:10, 27; 4:4), another formation is saudis essay, rab hartummayya (Dan 4:6, 5:11), which is the outline for a thesis essay Egyptian word for “magician.”  L. F. Hartman, in “The Great Tree and Nobuchodonosor’s Madness,” argues that this loanword should “strictly” only apply to “Egyptian magicians” who would are not to be found in the Babylonian court of Nebuchadnezzar. Bsc.  In response, Yamauchi suggests two lines of evidence to demonstrate how frail the argument is. First, the Jehoiachin ration tablets illuminate the setting by noting that among other nations “Egyptians were given provision by outline for a, the royal court.” Second, I. School. Eph’al demonstrates that there were Mesopotamian Egyptians professionally serving as lu bare (“diviners”) and lu hartibi (“dream interpreters”) in the 5 th and 6 th centuries B.C. Lu hartibi is outline thesis, a cognate of the word in question. While Yamauchi argues that the word does not necessarily have to be a reference to Egyptian nationals, “the idea that there were Egyptian magicians and bsc, soothsayers in Mesopotamia is not so far fetched as Harman believes.”  The Persian and Greek loanwords are said, respectively, to for a “presuppose a period after the college Persian empire had been well established” and for a thesis essay, “ demand […] a date after the conquest of Palestine by english, Alexander the Great (B.C.
332).”  Yet, Montgomery is said to outline for a thesis essay point out that allowance must be made for the influence of cultures to be more widespread than earlier presumed .  In other words, the classical linguistic argument is not as strong as it used to be. In fact, Driver’s famous linguistic conclusion abbreviated above included Aramaic that is now known to be difficult to distinguish between early and late periods.  Nevertheless, some would still use this argument in support of a late date, but to this there is an answer. Yamauchi has completely crippled this notion by chronicling the online papers channels of transmissions (i.e. musical notation, merchant exchange, and that of foreign captives).  Moreover, he has demonstrably chronicled there has been Grecian contact with Mesopotamia from even before 1000 B.C. to at least the 400s B.C.,  and outline for a thesis, any appearance of these Greek words “is not proof of Hellenistic date, in view of the abundant opportunities for contact between the essay Aegean and for a thesis, the Near East.”  The Persians words fare no better as evidence of a late date. Waltke gleans three observations from Kenneth Kitchen’s 1965 work “The Aramaic of Daniel” published in experience, Notes on Some Problems in the Book of thesis essay, Daniel .  First, by way of objectivity, it must be noted that the Persian words are “old Persian words” which typically are found in online, the 300s B.C. Second, it is egregious to assume that it would take an absorbent amount of outline for a thesis essay, time for Persian words to be borrowed into Aramaic, because if Daniel did exist he would have become acclimated to english online the Persian vocabulary sooner rather than later.
Third, four of nineteen Persian words the for a essay old Greek translations are mere guesswork which bears this implication: “if Daniel were wholly a product of 165 B.C., then just a century or so in a continuous tradition is surely embarrassingly inadequate as a sufficient interval for that loss (or change) of meaning to occur by Near Eastern standards.”  In 1976, Millard, citing this work, notes that these loanwords are “quite at home in a sixth century context” and that Kitchen’s observations “have been accepted by leading linguists.#8221;  Based upon the placement of Daniel among the Ketubim (Writings) of the essay Hebrew Bible and not among the for a thesis essay Nebhim (Prophets), critics dismiss Daniel because it is wharton 2009, mere wisdom literature with no true prophetic import instead it is for a, a pseudepigraphic work utilizing vaticinium ex eventu prophecy (i.e. utterances appearing prophetic but were composed post-event). Klaus Koch notes that by “presupposing” an early date for the completion of the canon around c.200 A.D., “scholars made the incorporation of multi-genre research, Daniel among the writings a cornerstone of the so-called Maccabean Theory.”  First, the placement of the book does not illegitimate it from being both wisdom and prophetic. Outline For A. David Malick argues that Daniel is historical literature along the lines of Ezra (an accepted book by the critics) and therefore “applies because the learjet resume prophetic visions are also a record (in advance) of the sovereign work of God in history.”  Second, after evaluating the positive and negative evidence of the placement of Daniel, Kloch argues that there is the outline essay negative evidence is inconclusive,  while the positive evidence suggests an earlier “Jewish diaspora canon”  and “at some point the rabbis transferred the book from the prophetic corpus to the last third of their collection of Holy Scripture. That probably happened long before the fifth century” A.D.  In other words, there appears to be a strong case that Daniel was initially in the Nebhim and was later transferred to the Ketubim , which is in total disagreement with the critical attack.
Since the historical issues is directly related to the issue of the date of composition, it is important to evaluate the essay faulty view that archaeology has revealed everything relative to historical studies of the biblical narratives. It must be understood that not all of the desired archaeological data is available to the Bible student. However, what is thesis essay, available impressively agrees with the biblical narrative. In discussing the fragmentary nature of the archaeological evidence, Yamauchi briefly and candidly lays out the learjet resume situation. In summary, he lists 4 factors.  First, artifact remains (written or manufactured) are minute. Second, a small fraction of the outline for a thesis essay possible sites were surveyed or excavated. Third, generally speaking only saudis in bikinis a small fraction of these sites are even excavated. Outline For A Thesis. Fourth, a small percentage of what has been found has been written upon, and learjet resume, even when they are there is for a thesis, typically a great delay of time between excavation and publication.
This is important to recognize because it is typically the case that the critics argue that “since we do not have certain corroborative evidence for something mentioned in the textual tradition, the reference must be anachronistic.#8221;  For example, Daniel 5:30 mentions Belshazzar, a person whom for years was a personage relegated to myth by critics, therefore being a serious divergence in the biblical account from historical veracity. However, as Gonzalo Baez-Carmargo writes “the problem continued until new archaeological evidence showed that the two reports [from history and the Bible] could be reconciled.”  It is not being foolish to suggest, therefore (when there is a lack of evidence on wharton essay 2009, a given point of contention) that one must wait for new evidence to arrive. Sadly, that is not what typically occurs, and instead as H. C. Leupold observes whenever the Bibles is the sole source for outline for a essay, reporting history, the “prevailing tendency is to discredit the biblical statement” never mind that in other situations single statements from other sources are received without much alarm.  Robert A. Anderson, taking the critical approach, comments upon Daniel 1:1 and writes that #8220;reference is often made to a historical inaccuracy within these opening verses.#8221;  Anderson refers to the alleged contradiction between Daniel 1:1 and cultural experience college, Jeremiah 25:1. Anderson also represents the naturalistic critical mindset when he writes that #8220;historical inexactitudes are not infrequent in#8221; Daniel. First among the supposed historical blunders to outline for a be considered is the invasion into Judah by Nebuchadnezzar. Bruce K. Waltke asks the following question: How can one square the statement in Daniel 1:1 that Nebuchadnezzar in his first year as king besieged Jerusalem in the third year of Jehoiakim with the statement in Jeremiah 25:1, 9; 46:1[-2] that Nebuchadnezzar defeated Pharaoh Necho in english papers, the fourth year of Jehoiakim?  After all, if they cannot be harmonized then this is an occasion of a #8220;historical inexactitude#8221; which would underscore a purely human enterprise in the composition of outline for a thesis essay, either Daniel or Jeremiah which implicitly affirms that there was not a supernatural guidance in their production as the dogma of inspiration necessitates. Waltke suggests that the superficial discrepancy between Daniel and Jeremiah is the result of comparing the use of two distinct systems of dating, citing Edwin Thiele#8217;s work The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings . English Online. Waltke further writes: In Babylonia the year in which the outline for a essay king ascended the throne was designated specifically as #8220;the year of learjet resume, accession to outline for a thesis the kingdom,#8221; and this was followed by the first, second, and subsequent years of rule. In Palestine, on the other hand, there was no accession year as such, so that the length of rule was computed differently, with the year of accession being regarded as the first year of the king#8217;s reign. Saudis.  Likewise, based upon R. Thesis Essay. K Harrison#8217;s 1973 work on cultural college essay, Jeremiah and for a thesis, Lamentations (Tyndale Old Testament commentary) Wayne Jackson notes that critics #8220;once alleged that this passage was in conflict with Daniel 1:1, but archaeological discoveries have demonstrated that Jeremiah used the Jewish method of computing reigns, while Daniel employed the Babylonian system.#8221;  If this harmonization is essay, correct then it becomes a line of argumentation for the early 6th century B.C. date of composition because the dating is not in conflict.  The next issue under consideration encircles the identity of the illusive personage of Darius the outline for a Mede. Critics basically assert that “no such figure as Darius the Mede is known to high multi-genre history,”  or as Frost words it, Darius the Mede “never existed.”  Collins argues that it is the confusion by outline thesis essay, the Maccabean author for Darius I of Persia (522-486 B.C.).  Frost notes two options that are: this illusive one does not exist or he “is known to history by some other name.”  Frost lucidly summarizes Rowley’s work on ascertaining the Mede’s identity and notes that it could not be Astyages (too early), Cambyses (not a Mede), Gobryas (either Babylonian or Persian), nor Cyaxares (a fictional person).  Since no one fits that description, coupled with the discovery of two dated overlapping Babylonian tablets by two months depicting that after Nabonidus reigned, succeeded only by Belshazzar, Cyrus ruled; consequently, Frost’s either-or scenario seems to imply that the illusive Mede is fictitious. However, Dillard and Longman present the work of Shea conducted from 1971-1982 which affirms that there was a unique situation in the 1 st year of the reign of Cyrus noting that he did not take on the title “king of learjet resume, Babylon” only until as late as the end of his 1 st year. This has led Shea to conclude that there is space to put in a possible vassal, biblically identified as Darius the Mede.  Moreover, there is room for debate, however, Shea’s second option is that consistent with the Babylonian dating system, the Cambyses-Cyrus co-regency is “dated to the latter’s second year,” which is consistent with “Cambyses’ participation in the Babylonian New Year’s festival” placed at the beginning of Cyrus’ second year of for a, reign.
This is, as Shea writes, “tantamount to designating him as king.”  The point is, the issue can be given a soluble response enmeshed in historical facts. Saudis In Bikinis Essay. This answers Frosts either-or position, leaving another possible persona Rowley’s work perhaps had not considered. The last historical evidence is the testimony of Jesus, the founder of the Christian religion. Jesus regards exilic Daniel as a prophet (Matt 24:15), and many have seized upon thesis essay this as proof that Daniel is prophetic, thereby arguing for a 6 th century B.C. date of composition. Samuel A. Cartledge, observing this, affirms that this is not definite proof that Daniel is the author of the book which bears his name. “Jesus may have known that the book was written by multi-genre papers, someone else and still have spoken of it in a popular way.”  For Cartledge it may conceivably be this or another occasion where the Lord has limited his knowledge as in outline for a, the case of the time of his return.  However, the grammar of the passage is rather vivid. Cultural Essay. It is observed that dia with the outline thesis genitive (as is the case in bsc, verse 15) #8220;is common for the intermediate agent in contrast with#8221; hupo with genitive (“the immediate agent”) as in hupo kurioo dia too profetoo #8220;by the Lord through the prophet.#8221;  This intermediate agency of Daniel in the predicting of the #8220;abomination of desolation#8221; (Dan 9:27; 11:31; 12:11) has made Gleason Archer observe the following: Christ was not simply referring to some book in the Old Testament named #8220;Daniel#8221; but rather to the agency of Daniel personally, since dia with the genitive always implies personal human agency [emphasis added]. If these words of Christ are reliably reported […] we can only conclude that Christ personally believed that the historic personage Daniel was the author of the book that contained this eschatological phrase.  It must be conceded that the context must determine that human participation is in view; however if Archer’s argument is sound in essay, general (and it appears that it is) then this is a strong case for Daniel to be regarded as a prophet.
Also, it underscores what the Apostle Matthew and the church under his leadership believed concerning Daniel’s prophetic office. Daniel would consequently satisfy the prophetic criteria of Deuteronomy 18:22. It seems appropriate to suggest that Cartledge assumes far too much when he provides his fanciful options. He also explains away what would be obvious to the 1st century reader of the essay Greek text. In brief, the major linguistic issues are not demonstrably in favor of the late 2 nd century B.C. view. The evaluation of thesis essay, such data is wharton, not easy and is meticulous; however, the linguistic transitions from Hebrew to Aramaic and outline for a thesis essay, Aramaic to Hebrew are only separated (if taking the dissertation bsc critical approach) from the autographs by 50 years; thus, the earliest extant testimony to their authenticity and thesis essay, the early unity of Daniel.
The Egyptian, Persian, and Greek loanwords do not demonstrably prove that the composition is experience college essay, of a late date. Instead, there are vast amounts of opportunities for these terms to be used throughout the captivity, exploding the small window of opportunity for usage provided by the critical position. The evidence does not prove or substantially support the critical approach, meanwhile the traditional view in light of the for a essay data the foregoing research does, however, stand in a stronger position. Saudis. Likewise, the controverted historical data, while at times difficult to sort through, can be harmonized to the point that it does not contradict history. It must be recognized that everything available from archaeology is not uncovered, and that even that which is recovered is a small fraction of a bygone world.
Consequently, patience and watchfulness must be given in affirming a conclusion based upon that evidence. Be that as it may, the for a thesis historical data relative to cultural Daniel better supports for the traditional literal approach to Daniel. Outline For A Thesis Essay. The relegation of Daniel to a mere wisdom literature with no true prophetic import is fallacious at best and a biased interpretation at worst. Research Papers. Attacks upon the biblical account of the invasion of Jerusalem can be harmonized satisfactorily. The great difficulty of identifying Darius the Mede is not insoluble, but critical scholars have no demonstrable right to affirm that this character must be relegated to mythology as a historical confusion. Finally, the outline thesis testimony of Jesus affirms that Daniel is considered a prophet by the 1 st century Jews which, at least for the Lord, had unfinished prophecy to dissertation be fulfilled. At worst this is the testimony of a Rabbi living earlier than the outline for a thesis Christian antagonist Porphyry and a little under two millennia earlier than the bsc modern critics, and at best the testimony of the God in the flesh. One might conclude with the outline thesis essay #8220;Danielic#8221; words “MENE, MENE, TEKEL” (Dan 5:25), but instead consider some observations by Robert D. Wilson and Harry Rimmer. Dissertation. Rimmer writes that a scientific approach to the Bible inquiry is to adopt a hypothesis and then to test it and see if there is supportive data that establishes it.
Rimmer writes: If the hypothesis cannot be established and if the outline for a facts will not fit in with its framework, we reject that hypothesis and proceed along the line of another theory. If facts sustain the hypothesis, it then ceases to online be theory and becomes an established truth.  Wilson makes a similar argument and outline for a thesis essay, ties an ethical demand to it. After ably refuting a critical argument against Daniel, Wilson remarks that when prominent critical scholars make egregious affirmations adequately shown to be so, “what dependence will you place on him when he steps beyond the bounds of knowledge into cultural experience essay, the dim regions of conjecture and fancy?”  This important to consider when the Bible is supported by abundant evidence of its authenticity (as is the case for thesis essay, Daniel), for “upon what ground of common sense or law of evidence are we to be induced to believe that these documents are false or forged when charges absolutely unsupported by evidence are made against them?”  There is no reason to. Yet many will be subdued by critical scholarship spouting that it holds the majority view of the date of composition. For those who look at the evidence, there really is no cause to accept the critical view of cultural, a late date of Daniel. J. Carl Laney, Concise Bible Atlas: a Geographical Survey of outline essay, Bible History (Peabody: Hendrickson, 1998), 153. Harold Louis Ginsberg, #8220;Daniel, Book of,#8221; in Encyclopaedia Judaica (Jerusalem: Judaica, 1973), 5:1281. Raymond B. Dillard and wharton essay 2009, Tremper Longman, III, An Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994), 330.
For a strong critique see Gleason L. Archer, #8220; The Aramaic of the ‘Genesis Apocryphon’ Compared with the Aramaic of Daniel,” in New Perspectives on the Old Testament ., ed. J. Barton Payne (Waco, TX: Word, 1970), 160-69. Bruce K. Waltke, “The Date of the Book of outline for a thesis, Daniel” BSac 133 (1976): 319. J. J. Wharton Essay. Collins, “Daniel, Book of,” Anchor Bible Dictionary , ed. Outline Thesis Essay. David Noel Freedman (New York, NY: Doubleday, 1992. 29-37), 2:30. Collins, #8220;Daniel, Book of,#8221; ABD 2:30. Dissertation. Waltke, #8220;The Date of the Book of Daniel,#8221; 319.
Edwin M. Yamauchi, “Hermeneutical Issues in the Book of Daniel,” JETS 23 (1980): 13-21. Waltke, #8220;The Date of the Book of Daniel,#8221; 322. Neil R. Lightfoot, How We Got the Bible , 2 d ed. Outline. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001), 30. Robert A. Anderson, Daniel: Signs and Wonders , eds. George A. F. Knight and Fredrick Carlson Holmgren (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1984), 13. Lightfoot, How We Got the Bible , 30. Gerhard Hasel, “New Light on learjet resume, the Book of Daniel from the outline for a Dead Sea Scrolls,” Archaeology and Biblical Research 5.2 (1992): 45-53. Saudis. Hasel, “New Light on the Book of outline for a thesis, Daniel from the Dead Sea Scrolls,” 46. On this point, see Hasel,“New Light on learjet resume, the Book of Daniel from the for a thesis essay Dead Sea Scrolls,” 50. High School Multi-genre. Collins, #8220;Daniel, Book of,#8221; ABD 2:31, 33.
John G. Gammie, “The Classification, Stages of Growth, and thesis, Changing Intentions in the Book of bsc, Daniel,” JBL 95.2 (1976): 196-202. Hasel, “New Light on the Book of outline thesis essay, Daniel from the Dead Sea Scrolls,” 47. Hasel, “New Light on the Book of Daniel from the Dead Sea Scrolls,” 50. Hasel, “New Light on the Book of Daniel from the Dead Sea Scrolls,” 48. Gammie, “The Classification, Stages of Growth, and Changing Intentions in the Book of learjet resume, Daniel,” 199. Edwin M. For A Thesis. Yamauchi, “The Archaeological Background of Daniel.” BSac 137.545 (1980): 11. Gammie, “The Classification, Stages of Growth, and college essay, Changing Intentions in the Book of Daniel,” 199. Yamauchi, “The Archaeological Background of Daniel,” 10. Yamauchi, “The Archaeological Background of Daniel,” 10. Stanley B. Outline Essay. Frost, “Daniel,” Interpreter’s Dictionary of the high school multi-genre Bible , ed. George Arthur Buttrick (New York, NY: Abingdon, 1962), 1:768.
Frost, “Daniel,” IDB 1: 763. Frost, “Daniel,” IDB 1: 763. Edwin M. Yamauchi, “The Greek Words in Daniel in outline for a thesis, the Light of Greek Influence in the Near East,” in New Perspectives on the Old Testament , ed. J. Barton Payne (Waco, TX: Word, 1970), 176. Yamauchi, “The Greek Words in Daniel in the Light of Greek Influence in the Near East,” 177-92. Yamauchi, “The Greek Words in Daniel in the Light of Greek Influence in in bikinis, the Near East,” 192. Waltke, #8220;The Date of the Book of Daniel,#8221; 323-24. Waltke, #8220;The Date of the outline for a thesis essay Book of Daniel,#8221; 234. Allan R. Millard, “Daniel” in The International Bible Commentary , rev. ed., ed.
Frederick F. Bruce (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986), 848. Klaus Kloch, “Is Daniel also Among the learjet resume Prophets?” Int 39 (1985): 118. David Malick, “An Introduction to the Book of Daniel.” Bible.org . 2015. https://bible.org/article/introduction-book-daniel. Kloch, “Is Daniel also Among the Prophets?,” 119-20. Kloch, “Is Daniel also Among the Prophets?,” 121.
Kloch, “Is Daniel also Among the Prophets?,” 122. Essay. Yamauchi, “The Greek Words in dissertation, Daniel in the Light of thesis, Greek Influence in the Near East,” 171-74. Yamauchi, “The Greek Words in Daniel in the Light of Greek Influence in the Near East,” 170. Gonzalo Baez-Carmargo, Archaeological Commentary on the Bible , trans. Online. American Bible Society (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1984), 180.
H. C. Leupold, Exposition of Genesis: 1-19 (repr. Outline For A Thesis. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1975), 365-66. Anderson, Daniel , 1. Waltke, #8220;The Date of the Book of Daniel,#8221; 325-26. Waltke, #8220;The Date of the Book of Daniel,#8221; 326. Wayne Jackson, Jeremiah and Lamentations (Stockton, CA: Courier, 1997), 61. Waltke, #8220;The Date of the Book of Daniel,#8221; 326. Wharton 2009. Collins, “Daniel, Book of,” ABD 2:30. Frost, “Daniel,” IDB 1: 765. Collins, “Daniel, Book of,” ABD 2:30.
Frost, “Daniel,” IDB 1: 765. Frost, “Daniel,” IDB 1: 765. Dillard and Longman, An Introduction to the Old Testament, 336. Dillard and Longman, An Introduction to the Old Testament , 337. Outline For A Thesis. Samuel A. Cartledge, A Conservative Introduction to the Old Testament (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1944), 221. Cartledge, A Conservative Introduction to learjet resume the Old Testament , 221. Archibald T. Robertson and W. Hersey Davis, A New Short Grammar of the Greek Testament , 10th ed. For A Essay. (repr. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1979), 254. Gleason L. Archer , New International Encyclopedia of online, Bible Difficulties (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1982), 284.
Harry Rimmer, Internal Evidence of Inspiration , 7 th ed. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1946), 36. Robert D. Wilson, A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament , rev. ed., ed. Edward J. Young (Chicago, IL: Moody, 1967), 98. Thesis Essay. Wilson, A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament , 99. On one occasion in the ministry of multi-genre, our Lord, Jesus accepted a dinner invitation from outline for a essay a Pharisee named Simon (Luke 7:40); interestingly, a woman with a reputation for being a “sinner” had heard of Jesus’ arrival and interrupts the dinner by cleaning his feet with her tears and hair, and saudis, anointing them with oil (Luke 7:36-38). Simon recoils at the woman’s act, and has an internal monologue which essentially questions the validity of the Lord’s ministry: “If this man were a prophet, he would have known who and essay, what sort of woman this is who is touching him, for she is a sinner” (Luke 7:39 ESV). As in other occasions, Jesus answers this unspoken criticism (Luke 7:40; cf. Matt 9:4, Mark 2:8). The Lord responds with a “parable of two debtors” (Luke 7:41-43), which has as its main thrust the point that “our sense of cultural, forgiveness will evidence itself in love and service.”  There are points in the narrative which suggest that the for a woman and the Lord had known each other previously.
The woman’s act of service and love (Luke 7:44-46) is a demonstration of her gratitude. This gratitude is based upon the fact that her sins “are forgiven” (Luke 7:47-48). In the first instance, Jesus speaking to Simon the essay Pharisee states that this woman’s sins “stand forgiven” (v. 47). The phrase is one word in the original and is in the perfect passive indicative form. The verb reflects that her sins were forgiven at some point previous to their encounter at Simon’s house, and remain to be so.
This would explain her great demonstration, of outline for a, which Simon was critical. In the essay second instance, Jesus turns to the woman and outline for a thesis essay, speaks the learjet resume exact same phrase (v. 48). This time, the essay Lord encourages her – your sins remain to be forgiven. The woman “stands saved” (Grk. sesoken ) because of her faith in the Lord; consequently, the Savior could send her into a life of high school research, “peace” (v. 50). The Lord emphasizes the abiding results of her forgiveness received prior to this dinner. Moreover, Jesus concedes the point that the woman’s life had been ravaged by sin: “her sins, which are many” (v.
47). This strikes at one of Simon’s criticisms raised by the woman’s action, and Jesus demonstrates his full knowledge of the for a thesis situation. He knew “what sort of woman” she was . Now, she is different; now, she is saved and forgiven, commissioned to college live a new life embraced by the peace of outline, God (Rom 5:1). If Service is the Symptom… Stay Sick. It ought to go without saying that this encounter with our Lord is one that should pull at our heart, for we share, as Christians, the same plight as this woman. Knowing the debt of forgiveness we owe to online papers our God, knowing that the Lord went behind enemy lines to essay rescue us from a calamity worse than death, we too should be of dissertation bsc, similar passions to show our love through service. The idea of service is not an abstract notion that we subscribe to, service is an expression of for a thesis essay, love. Essay 2009. It is a symptom of our love for God. For A Thesis Essay. Consequently, if service is a “symptom,” then love and gratitude generated by salvation is the cultural experience “infection.” And in this analogy, we would rather be sick than cured.
The Christian, therefore, should never be complacent in their service to God. Packed pews look nice, but if that is all we offer to God, we have failed. Service, as demonstrated by this woman, sacrifices time, resources, energy, and offers it to her Lord. Can we do any less? When there are cards to mail, people to visit, broken hearts to outline for a help mend, and souls to essay invite to our Father’s promises in the Gospel, it should be done by our hands – not by for a thesis, the hands of another. The most natural explanation for this behavior is our gratitude and love for our Lord.
Besides the principle emphasis from english papers this passage that forgiveness leads to a sense of outline for a essay, gratitude which showcases itself in acts of love and essay, service, there are a few other lessons which may be observed. (1) This passage highlights the divinity of outline for a essay, Jesus, bearing witness that He has the right to forgive sin . Jesus’ claims to divine authority are well documented in the New Testament, and even was a basis for the plots against his life (John 5:17-18; 7:1). In Luke, Jesus declared that the woman’s sins stand forgiven (7:47-48), and this offended the group of Pharisees among the dinner party. They reasoned, “Who is this, who even forgives sins?” (v. 49). They understood Jesus’ claims were not idealistic (mere wishful thinking), but were literal claims to divine authority (cf. Luke 5:17-26). (2) A person’s new life may be overshadowed, for a time, by their past moral failures . We know virtually nothing about bsc this woman only that she is labeled as “a woman of the city” (v. 37) and “a sinner” (vv.
37, 39). This is not just a note from Luke, the narrator, but this was the Simon’s understanding of who this mysterious woman was. Nevertheless, critics will come and go, but the peace of God lasts forever (v. 50). The unrelenting critics who so often affirm, “you’ll do it again”, will be silenced and thesis, shamed by learjet resume, service to God (1 Pet 3:13-17; 2:11-12).
We do not serve to prove others wrong, we serve to love God. The motivation behind our service must be fueled by our gratitude; as it is written: Now which of them will love him more? Simon [the Pharisee] answered, #8220;The one, I suppose, for whom he cancelled the larger debt.#8221; And he said to outline him, #8220;You have judged rightly.#8221; (Luke 7:42b-43) (3) A life troubled by the ravages of a sinful life can become a life of peace devoted to in bikinis godly service to God . The change of for a essay, life brought about by a new way of thinking in light of God’s forgiveness has the experience overwhelming power to transform a person (Acts 2:38; Rom 12:1-2). Experiencing the essay grace of God, understanding that we who were once dead are now made alive in Christ brings tremendous peace, for dissertation bsc, our Lord never leaves us (Heb 13:5-6; 1 John 1:7). Indeed, Paul writes, “if anyone is in for a thesis, Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come” (2 Cor 5:17). This new birth (John 3:4-5) brings with it the “the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension” (Phil 4:7); moreover, this peace guards our hearts and minds. In this new life, in true appreciation of the saudis essay grace of for a essay, God we are qualified not only to experience a heavenly reward (Col 1:12) but are also sanctified for service (Eph 2:10; 1 Cor 6:19-20). There is no person that God cannot use in holy service, especially his children whom he has “delivered… from the domain of darkness and learjet resume, transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved son” (Col 1:13). I remember seeing an outline thesis, article entitled, “Sluggish Slumbering Saints”, and the essence of the piece was to wake up Christians and call them to their responsibilities as servants of God to serve their Lord (Rom 6:16-18). Dissertation Bsc. Indeed, perhaps one of the more critical questions we must ask is this: if the outline for a thesis essay lack of service is the symptom, then what is the infection?
The sad answer is: lack of love and ingratitude for saudis, all of God’s demonstrations of love . This spiritual malignancy will only go into remission once we see afresh the great debt we owe our Lord. Should it be that a renewal of this kind is needed in thesis, the Christian’s life, then we are to seek Him in repentance and faith knowing that He will receive us and reward us (Heb 11:6; Acts 8:22). You can be a servant like this wonderful woman, who despite her sin-filled past has been immortalized in the pages of God’s book for posterity so that all may see their own story of salvation and love, and be moved to faithfully serve Him from whom all blessings flow. Wayne Jackson, The Parables in wharton essay, Profile: Exegetical Outlines of the thesis essay Parables of Christ , rev. Saudis Essay. ed. (Stockton, CA: Christian Courier Publications, 1998), 70. A Matter of Public Record (1 Tim 3:7) Moreover, he [the guardian/overseer (3:1)] must be well thought of by outsiders, so that he may not fall into disgrace, into a snare of the outline thesis essay devil. (1 Timothy 3:7 ESV) One of the qualifications for the “guardians” (overseers) in Ephesus listed above concerns the Christian man’s reputation among non-Christians. In 1 Tim 3:7, the church is called to evaluate this testimony as a preventive measure in the selection process of a “guardian.” It has been asked, “what will happen to a leader who is not so regarded by those outside the church”?  The answer is clear: it becomes a trap set by the Devil to bring about wharton essay disgrace in the church. The man’s public record must weigh in for a, as to whether or not he should have the responsibility of a guardian. Let us explore this verse in some greater detail by looking at three aspects of the text. After exploring thirteen qualifications designed to add details to the broad concept of being “above reproach” (1 Tim 3:2), the final detail is the school research papers measure of his character as reflected by “outsiders.” The nature of essay, his public record must be “morally excellent.” The ESV has “well thought of,” but the text literally reads, “have a good testimony.” It covers the positive moral ideas of good, noble, praiseworthy, a quality that is “favorably valued.”  His character and standing in online, the community (3:7) must be equal to the “good work” as a guardian (3:2). The “source” of information which is supposed to help the church examine a “guardian’s” candidacy comes from non-Christians (literally, “from those on the outside”).
At first glance, this may appear to be strange. Why would public opinion matter when addressing the leadership role of a church “guardian”? The short answer is his public reputation either brings glory to God or it brings disgrace to His Kingdom. This qualification of the quality of an overseer#8217;s reputation must not be ignored. The middle of the verse reads, “so that he may not fall into disgrace, into a snare of the devil.” The emphasis is placed upon protecting the church from those who have a bad reputation in for a thesis, the community; such a scenario would play “into the devil’s trap.” Are there any longstanding frictions with the community which are detrimental not only to the guardian’s service but also to the mission of the church? Is he “known” for having improper relationships, or do rumors circulate about him which would be reproachable to him?
These questions must be asked and answered. However, despite the english online importance of public record, the community is not the final say. It is an important part of the appraisal process designed to prevent disgraceful men from entering the eldership. It is much easier to get a man in, than it is to outline essay get an unqualified elder out. (3) The Ever Present Danger of the Devil. There are no sinless guardians; however, pretense and hypocrisy are subject to slander and accusations. Such is the main objectives of essay 2009, “the Slanderer” (i.e., the Devil). The man’s public record should not be a prized trophy captured by outline for a essay, the Devil (i.e., the implied hunter#8217;s snare). Consequently, “Christian men who bring widespread scandal upon english online papers the church of God have a heavy burden to bear.”  If one#8217;s character is something which has been built brick by brick, then so is one’s reputation. Outline. Good character does not have to be perfect, but according to saudis in bikinis this verse, one#8217;s reputation does need to be well thought of. This, then, is not a role where one develops their good reputation; quite to outline thesis the contrary, the role is for the person who already possesses an excellent reputation.
Contextually, further, they must already possess such a reputation from the community. One#8217;s public record is a general guide to anticipating the trajectory of a person#8217;s character: where does it point toward? We must allow for imperfect people having imperfect records; furthermore, not all concerns are of the same weight and worth. Nevertheless, if there is no longstanding trajectory towards godliness in non-Christian circles then it is adequately apparent such a prospect cannot serve in such an iconic and spiritual role as shepherd, elder, and online, overseer in the church of God, which is God#8217;s house (1 Tim 3:15). I was recently told of a congregation that was in the process of selecting new elders. In keeping with the tenor of this character requirement, the congregation placed a notice in a local newspaper seeking public input as to the character and public record of the proposed elders. I am unaware of the outcome, but their action is powerful as it upholds the importance placed upon an elder#8217;s public record. Thesis. George W. Knight, III, The Pastoral Epistles (1992; repr., Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2013), 165.
Bauer, Walter, Frederick W. Danker, W. Bsc. F. Arndt, and F. W. Gingrich, eds. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature , 3rd ed. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2000), BDAG 504; Johannes P. Louw and Eugene A. Nida, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains , 2d ed. (New York, NY: United Bible Society, 1989), LN 88.4. Wayne Jackson, Before I Die: Paul’s Letters to Timothy and Titus (Stockton, CA: Christian Courier Publications, 2007), 94. Three Blessings for Every Christian (Eph 1:4-5, 13-14) Much of the New Testament speaks to the blessings of God’s divine goodness and mercy. When God is in covenant He blesses those who are His in a uniquely different fashion. Instead of the outline thesis everyday blessing such as are fitting in in bikinis essay, His providential care of all humanity (Matt 5:44-45), to those who are His through Christ there are extended “every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ” (Eph 1:3). Let us consider some of for a thesis, these particular blessings as developed in the Ephesian letter which are uniquely given to the Christian. In Ephesians 1:4, Paul describes that kind of people that God chose to be his, those who would be “in him” (i.e., in high school multi-genre research, Christ). As a consequence of outline thesis essay, being united with Christ, we experience the working of God to be made “holy and without blemish.” These two terms showcase an important implication of union with Christ: in coming in contact with the redemptive Christ, His holiness and purity has been transferred to us. This may seem to be a difficult concept to accept, but there is biblical precedent. Bsc. In Exodus 29:37 the statement is made that “whatever touches the altar shall become holy” (Lev 6:18).
This is in keeping with atonement. In the New Testament, Jesus is referred to as the “propitiation for our sins” (1 John 2:2), which reflects the fact that Jesus “is the personal means by whom God shows mercy to the sinner.”  Union with Christ, and his holiness, implies that we have been identified with a righteousness that is not our own (Phil 3:8-9). In Ephesians 1:5, the apostle continues to enumerate another blessing which comes from union with Christ (i.e., “in Christ”). Paul declares God intended that through Christ the Christian has been included into the “family” of God.
Adoption implies a change of relationship; in fact, “sonship” is extended and outline essay, forged in Christ. The apostle uses this language in critical moments to establish the intimate union with the english papers Heavenly Father through Christ. In Galatians 4:5-6, he speaks of redemption. This is not simply a matter of emancipation, it is the act to incorporate an outsider and make them an intimate member of the family with all the rights with which such an effort comes. As a result of being integrated into the family of God, fear of spiritual slavery is removed by “the spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, ‘Abba! Father!’” (ESV). Christians have membership in the family of God. The Blessing of Being Sealed with the Holy Spirit. In Ephesians 1:13-14, the Apostle stresses the for a blessing of God’s faithfulness by using the language of “seals” and “pledges” used to mark that Christians are His. The words of a Stevie Wonder song, “signed, sealed, delivered, I’m yours” would be right in keeping with the english words of these verses.
Much discussion has been brought to the nature of the Holy Spirit as this seal and pledge, but it seems that the best way to thesis essay appreciate the language is in the following view: The Holy Spirit is in bikinis essay, metaphorically the anointing (1 John 2:26f.), the sealing, and the first installment of eternal life. Full payment is made in the resurrection of life and consummated at the” coming of Christ.  God dwells with the Christian, and this is an exclusive blessing which demonstrates the Lord’s faithfulness. This blessing was extended to us in order to stress that we are under the Lord’s protection.  Forgiveness is a vast subject and is the result of the atonement made on behalf of sin. The Bible develops a rich concept of all that is needed to experience forgiveness, and it also outlines tremendous blessings. And while we have not exhaustively considered the subject of forgiveness, enough of the concept has been surveyed to appreciate the blessing forgiveness actually is and the blessings which are available to the Christian. Consecration, “sonship,#8221; and the faithfulness of God’s provision to keep us in His care are all tremendous blessings owing to outline for a thesis essay our union with Christ. They should make any curious soul searching for God, move towards union with His Son in immersion so that they may realize “every spiritual blessing in essay 2009, the heavenly places in Christ” (Eph 1:3). William E. Vine, et al., Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Nashville, TN: Nelson, 1986), 2:494. George Goldman, “The Spirit Within: A Seal and outline essay, Guarantee – Ephesians 1.13-14; 3.16,? Exalting Christ in the Church: Unsearchable Riches in Ephesians and Colossians , ed.
David L. Lipe (Henderson, TN: Freed-Hardeman University, 2002), 129. Bruce Morton, Deceiving Winds: Christians Navigating the Storm of Mysticism, Leadership Struggles and school papers, Sensational Worship (Nashville, TN: 21st Century Christian, 2009), 22. Morton has an excellent discussion on this section of Paul’s letter to the Ephesians, explaining rather well the background of the seal common to essay this part of the ancient world (21-25). In the Beginning was the Word (John 1:1) It is a staggering idea to contemplate God choosing self-sacrifice in online, order to create the thesis opportunity for reconciliation between Himself and english online papers, his rebellious creation. In fact, Paul would word the matter in the following way: “God was reconciling the outline world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them” (2 Cor 5:19).
The agent through whom this is accomplished is Jesus Christ in learjet resume, His death so that we (humanity “us”) may potentially experience the reconciliation of God (2 Cor 5:14-21). Thesis. The Gospel of John provides a fuller detail as to how God was reconciling the world to himself. The record of saudis essay, John is, however, unlike Matthew’s Gospel which begins with the Hebrew genealogical table which emphasizes the Lord’s lineage from outline for a thesis essay David and Abraham (Matt 1:1-17). Learjet Resume. It is unlike Mark’s abrupt mention of “the beginning” of the outline thesis gospel, which is marked by Jesus’ ministry inaugurated by the baptism by John (Mark 1:1-14). It is even unlike Luke’s historically grounded retelling, beginning from Jesus’ birth announcements to the unfolding of the universal gospel call as seen in Luke’s second volume Acts (Luke 1:1-4; Acts 1:1-9). Multi-genre Research. John begins the narration of his Gospel Account from the very beginning. In this way John stands upon unique footing. Although not being distinct in its message and general outline, John’s Gospel Account is a maverick of sorts, focusing upon the cosmic drama mentioned above which grounds the for a thesis gospel message. School Multi-genre. To provide his readers the outline needed perspective in order to appreciate all that proceeds, John pens the first line of his account with the following words: In the english papers beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:1-3 ESV)  This eternal “Word” is thesis essay, explicitly identified as the Father’s son – Jesus – who indeed “became flesh and dwelt among us” (1:14). Learjet Resume. John further affirms, “and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth” (1:14; As an important side note stands the fact that the term “Father” is used approximately 107 times as the name for “God” in John’s Gospel). This is thesis essay, a profound truth regarding Jesus’ nature and college, ought to inform our understanding of the Gospel message as well. Let us consider a few ideas from John 1:1, as expressed in three clauses: (a) “In the outline thesis essay beginning was the Word,” (b) “the Word was with God,” and learjet resume, (c) “the Word was God.” The rich language of the first verse of for a essay, John’s Gospel conveys the divine nature of “the Word” (Grk. logos ), who in fact is the pre-incarnate Jesus (i.e. before he put on experience essay, his human identity).
Many times the outline for a “beginnings” of Jesus of in bikinis essay, Nazareth are only considered from the standpoint of his birth and baptism; however, the implications of John 1:1 demonstrate that His beginnings are from eternity (Micah 5.2). As Jack Cottrell succinctly writes: Each of these clauses affirms the divine nature of the Logos. The first asserts his eternity, since he was already there when everything else had its beginning (see vv. 2-3). The second asserts his eternal coordination with God. He is distinguished from God, yet placed alongside God.
The third clause declares his identity or equality with God.  In order to truly appreciate the thesis gospel proclamation, it is a vital matter to understand that Jesus had an existence before he walked the rocky soil of Palestine in the 1st Century A.D. In fact, Jesus was/is an eternal divine being, namely God. For this reason, the Gospel of John continuously makes reference to Jesus’ divine nature (5:16-17, 25-27, 6:41, 8:58), Jesus’ claims to bsc divine authority and commission (2:16, 4:34), plus the outline essay difficulty held by those who heard Jesus make these claims (5:18, 6:42), and the rejection experienced because of this inability to experience college accept both the human nature of thesis, Jesus and his claims to bsc #8220;God-hood#8221; (2:16, 8:59). Nevertheless, it is clear from the very beginning of the Gospel of John, that his inspired Apostles believed and taught that Jesus was/is an eternal being who predates time and our universe, and outline for a, has entered into His creation (John 1:2-3, 17:5). It is a tragedy that there are groups which claim allegiance to saudis in bikinis Jesus and yet they deny the biblical doctrine of the eternal deity of thesis essay, Christ.
One such group, the Jehovah Witnesses, offer the bsc translation for John 1:1 in the following way: In [the] beginning the outline for a essay Word was, and the Word was the God, and the Word was a god. (brackets original)  In the footnote to this passage, they refer to Appendix 6A which sets forth their justification for the translation “the Word was a god.” The essential thrust of the argument is, according to them, a grammatical one. It is here, however, that the theological bias of the Watchtower New World Translation is evident. Learjet Resume. They argue that in New Testament Greek ( koine ) a noun with the article “points to an identity, a personality”, but a predicate noun without the article “preceding the verb points to a quality about for a thesis someone.”  Accordingly, it is argued that “it does not identify him [Jesus] as one and the same as God himself.” The Watchtower followers are determined to maintain the “oneness” of God as is traditionally understood as monotheism (Deut 6:4-5); however, they affirm the “oneness” of experience college essay, Jehovah at the expense of robbing Jesus of His eternal divine nature – His #8220;God-hood.#8221; They go so far as to affirm that the Word (Jesus) is a creation of God: “The Word’s preeminent position among God’s creatures as the for a Firstborn, the one through whom God created all things.”  This is saudis in bikinis essay, but a primer of outline for a thesis, their teaching on Jesus. While an learjet resume, exhaustive response cannot be given here, the following two responses are enlisted which demonstrate the thesis essay weakness – even blasphemy – of the Watchtower “reasoning”. First , the “no-article-a-god” argument based upon grammar is faulty at best, if not theologically biased at worst. As Frank Pack writes, when John writes “the Word was God” he is expressing “the quality or nature” of the Word/Logos.  John was not affirming that Jesus is the same person as the Father (“the Word was with God”), but that the Word was distinct in person, and yet shares the same Divine nature (Grk. theos ; cf. John 20:28; Phil 2:5-8). Dissertation Bsc. Second , the Gospel of John explicitly sets the “Word” as the agent through which “all things were made” (1:3). Outline. In fact, the high Watchtower’s New World Translation words the last clause of verse 3 this way: “and apart from outline for a thesis him not even one thing came into 2009, existence.” It ought to go without saying that Jesus did not self-create himself.
Moreover, John expands our understanding of the creation story and is purposeful in echoing Genesis 1:1, “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth” (ESV). It is God (Heb. ’elohim ) who said, “Let us make man in for a thesis, our image, after our likeness” (Gen 1:26). Denying John’s placement of Jesus in english papers, eternity and at the beginning is a tragic failure to accept basic bible teaching. John 1:1 is a powerful passage serving as a gateway to understanding Jesus and outline for a thesis, the gospel story. The Eternal Divine Agent of creation (John 1:1-3) put upon himself the nature of “flesh” (1:14) and became “the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” (1:30). May we, unlike those who deny the Lord’s deity, respond to Jesus as Thomas did and herald Him as our Lord and our God (John 20:28). English Papers. Unless otherwise noted the translation employed is the English Standard Version (ESV) of the for a thesis essay The Holy Bible (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2001). Jack Cottrell, The Faith Once for All (Joplin, MO: College Press, 2002), 236. (NWT) New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures with References , rev. Learjet Resume. ed. (Brooklyn, NY: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1984) . Outline For A Thesis. Recently , the 2013 revision of the Watchtower#8217;s New World Translation still maintains the following rendition of verse 1: #8220; In the beginning was the saudis Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god.#8221; The editors have removed the for a brackets; however, the online edition the footnote (*) on 2009, #8220;was a god#8221; reads: #8220;Or #8216;was divine.'#8221; This is not a shift in their Christology, but it is a better translation than #8220;a god#8221;; furthermore, it is a step in the right direction by deriving understanding of Jesus based upon the language of the text first. “Appendix 6A,” NWT , 1579. The pages for these notes have been reproduced here for those wishing to see the actual Watchtower source. Aid to Bible Understanding , 919. Frank Pack, Gospel of John 1:29; cf.
Dana and Mantey, Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament , 139-40. This is a reformatted and slightly expanded version of the article which originally published in The Glendale Gleaner (Newbern, TN: Glendale church of Christ). Learn more and preach better one word at a time. Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.
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Fall 2017 Announcements: Essays Literary Criticism. The author’s process is the keynote here. The season’s books discuss writing tools such as dream diaries, reading lists, and the painstaking process of revision, as well as distractions, ranging from noisy neighbors to political exile. The Annotated African American Folktales. Edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and outline for a thesis Maria Tatar. Norton/Liveright, Oct. 31.
Two acclaimed scholars expand the canon of essay African-American folktales with this collection of nearly 150 stories, some familiar and some long unread. The Collected Essays of Elizabeth Hardwick. Elizabeth Hardwick, edited by Darryl Pinckney. New York Review Books, Oct. 17. Pinckney, who studied with Hardwick, assembles 55 selections of for a thesis essay Hardwick’s nonfiction, emphasizing her writing about society, places, and other authors. From Holmes to Sherlock: The Story of the Men and Women Who Created an english online, Icon.
Mattias Boström, trans. by Michael Gallagher. Grove/Atlantic/Mysterious, Aug. Outline For A Thesis! 1. Boström traces the literary existence of Sherlock Holmes, from the author who created him, to the actors, fans, and others who kept him alive. The Last Draft: A Novelist’s Guide to Revision. Sandra Scofield. Penguin, Dec. 5.
Scofield ( Plain Seeing ), a novelist and longtime teacher, offers aspiring authors a handbook to a crucial stage in the process of writing a novel. Marcel Proust, trans. by dissertation bsc, Lydia Davis. New Directions, Aug. 22. Swann’s Way translator Davis presents Proust’s elegant yet urgent letters to outline, another tenant in his apartment building, whose husband’s dental practice was disturbing his rest and work.
The Letters of Sylvia Plath, Vol. 1. Sylvia Plath. In Bikinis! Harper, Oct. 17. The first volume of for a thesis essay Plath’s collected correspondence covers her years at Smith as well as her summer internship in New York City, experiences in Europe, and essay early marriage to outline for a thesis, Ted Hughes. The Secret Life: Three True Stories of the Digital Age.
Andrew O’Hagan. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Oct. 10. O’Hagan plumbs the Internet era’s strangeness with profiles of the founder of WikiLeaks, the purported inventor of bitcoin, and his own invented identity. The Tunnel at the End of the Light: Essays on Movies and english online Politics. Jim Shepard. Tin House, Sept.
12. The essays collected here, originally published in the Believer magazine during the George W. Bush administration, mine famous films for insights into America’s national character. Wild Things: The Joy of Reading Children’s Literature as an Adult. Bruce Handy. Simon Schuster, Aug. 15. Handy revisits the classic books of thesis American childhood, from fairy tales to The Very Hungry Caterpillar , and explores the backstories of their creators. The Written World: How Literature Shaped Civilization. Martin Puchner.
Random House, Nov. 14. PW ’s review called Puchner’s survey of key moments in the history of literature a “gripping intellectual odyssey.” Essays Literary Criticism Listings. Facing the Abyss: American Literature and Culture in english papers the 1940s by George Hutchinson (Jan. 23, hardcover, $35, ISBN 978-0-231-16338-5) shows how prominent writers during the outline for a thesis essay, 1940s, now remembered as the era of the “good war,” responded to a pervasive sense of dread and alienation just below the surface.
Don’t Save Anything by James Salter (Aug. 15, hardcover, $26, ISBN 978-1-61902-936-1). Gathered from lecture notes, obituaries, and magazine articles spanning the decades since the saudis in bikinis essay, 1970s, this compilation presents previously uncollected nonfiction by this influential fiction author. The Romance of for a Elsewhere: Essays by Lynn Freed (Oct. 10, hardcover, $26, ISBN 978-1-61902-927-9). The author, who grew up in South Africa and first came to the U.S. as a teenager on saudis essay, an exchange program, explores a quintessential question: what makes a home? Why Poetry by Matthew Zapruder (Aug. Outline For A Thesis! 15, hardcover, $24.99, ISBN 978-0-06-234307-9) is an learjet resume, impassioned call for a return to reading poetry and thesis an argument for poetry’s accessibility to all readers, by the critically acclaimed poet.
15,000-copy announced first printing. Ariel: A Literary Life of Jan Morris by Derek Johns (Oct. 1, hardcover, $22.95, ISBN 978-0-571-33163-5). Morris’s literary agent for 2009, 20 years has not written a conventional biography, but rather an for a, appreciation of her remarkable work and life, published to coincide with her 90th birthday. Crusoe’s Island: A Rich and saudis in bikinis Curious History of Pirates, Castaways and Madness by Andrew Lambert (Sept.
11, paper, $15.95, ISBN 978-0-571-33024-9). Acclaimed historian Lambert excavates the truth about for a thesis essay, a faraway place that still haunts our imagination and culture: the learjet resume, island of Robinson Crusoe in the South Pacific. The Essential Paradise Lost by John Carey (Aug. 7, hardcover, $22.95, ISBN 978-0-571-32855-0). To bring readers back to outline essay, Milton’s masterpiece, now little read, Carey has shortened it to a third of its original length, while providing new insights into the poem’s inspirations and key characters. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. The Secret Life: Three True Stories of the Digital Age by Andrew O’Hagan (Oct.
10, hardcover, $26, ISBN 978-0-374-27791-8). The essayist and novelist issues a trio of reported essays exploring identity and the Internet, and such hot-button topics as WikiLeaks and bitcoin. Translation as Transhumance by Mireille Gansel, trans. by Ros Schwartz (Nov. Experience Essay! 14, paper, $14.95, ISBN 978-1-55861-444-4). Gansel, a translator whose projects include poetry from East Berlin and Vietnam in the 1960s and for a thesis essay ’70s, conveys in her debut the estrangement every translator experiences moving between tongues, and how translation becomes an exercise of empathy between those in exile. Sometimes I Think About It: Essays by Stephen Elliott (Nov. 7, paper, $16, ISBN 978-1-55597-775-7) gathers personal essays, reportage, and profiles written over 15 years to dissertation, tell a powerful story about outsiders and underdogs. Freeman’s: The Future of New Writing by outline for a, John Freeman (Oct. Saudis In Bikinis! 10, paper, $16, ISBN 978-0-8021-2729-7).
This fourth installment in the author’s series of literary anthologies introduces a listto be announced just before publicationof more than 25 poets, essayists, novelists, and short story writers from outline, around the world who are shaping the literary conversation right now. From Holmes to Sherlock: The Story of the Men and Women Who Created an Icon by learjet resume, Mattias Boström, trans. by outline for a essay, Michael Gallagher (Aug. English Online Papers! 1, hardcover, $27, ISBN 978-0-8021-2660-3). A Sherlock Holmes expert brings to life the outline thesis essay, history of one of the most enduring characters in literature, from the Victorian era to today. The Letters of Sylvia Plath, Vol. 1 by Sylvia Plath (Oct.
17, hardcover, $45, ISBN 978-0-06-274043-4) marks the first entry in a complete collection of the known and extant letters of Plath, one of the most popular poets of the modern age. It includes her correspondence with over 120 people, including family, friends, contemporaries, and colleagues. Poet-Critics and the Administration of wharton 2009 Culture by for a essay, Evan Kindley (Sept. 18, hardcover, $35, ISBN 978-0-674-98007-5). After the 1929 crash, British and American poet-critics grappled with the task of legitimizing literature for public funding and saudis consumption. Essay! Modernism, Kindley shows, created a new form of labor for writers and gave them unprecedented say over contemporary culture. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
No Time to Spare: Thinking About What Matters by Ursula K. Wharton! Le Guin (Dec. 5, hardcover, $22, ISBN 978-1-328-66159-3) collects thoughts on aging, belief, and the state of literature and for a thesis essay the nation from the acclaimed author, with an cultural experience college essay, intro by Karen Joy Fowler. Outline For A Essay! 30,000-copy announced first printing. A Secret Sisterhood: The Literary Friendships of Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë, George Eliot, and Virginia Woolf by Emily Midorikawa and wharton essay 2009 Emma Claire Sweeney (Oct. 17, hardcover, $27, ISBN 978-0-544-88373-4). Outline Thesis Essay! Famous female authors are usually mythologized as solitary and isolated. Essay! Midorikawa and Sweeney disprove this stereotype by describing a number of outline surprising collaborations. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt/Mariner.
The Best American Essays 2017 , edited by Leslie Jamison and Robert Atwan (Oct. 3, paper, $15.99, ISBN 978-0-544-81733-3). Bestselling essayist Jamison picks the best essays from hundreds of magazines, journals, and websites, bringing her ability to “stitch together the cultural experience, intellectual and the emotional with the finesse of a crackerjack surgeon,” according to NPR, to the task. 30,000-copy announced first printing. The Best American Nonrequired Reading 2017 , edited by Sarah Vowell (Oct. 3, paper, $15.99, ISBN 978-1-328-66380-1). Outline Essay! Working with the students of the writing labs 826 Valencia and 826 Michigan, Vowell assembled this year’s installment in the series, which includes new fiction, nonfiction, poetry, comics, and category-defying gems. Library of America. Philip Roth: Why Write?
Collected Nonfiction, 19602013 by Philip Roth (Sept. 12, hardcover, $35, ISBN 978-1-59853-540-2). The 10th volume in the Library of dissertation bsc America’s Philip Roth series is the definitive edition of his statements on his own writing and others, including six pieces published for the first time and many others newly revised. Christopher Hitchens: The Last Interview, and for a Other Conversations by high school multi-genre papers, Christopher Hitchens (Dec. 5, paper, $15.99, ISBN 978-1-61219-672-5). From Hitchens’s earliest interviews to his final published interview with Richard Dawkins just before his death, this collection covers a brilliant career and tackles everything from atheism to outline thesis essay, Hitchen’s controversial support of the Iraq War and America’s march toward theocracy. Letters to His Neighbor by Marcel Proust, trans. by Lydia Davis (Aug. 22, hardcover, $22.95, ISBN 978-0-8112-2411-6).
The translator of essay Proust’s Swann’s Way brings to thesis, English readers the French master’s tormented, touching, and often very funny letters to english online papers, his noisy neighbor. New York Review Books. The Collected Essays of Elizabeth Hardwick , edited by Darryl Pinckney (Oct. 17, paper, $19.95, ISBN 978-1-68137-154-2) gathers more than 50 essays for a retrospective of this writer of moral courage, as Joan Didion called her. Patrick Leigh Fermor: A Life in Letters by outline for a thesis essay, Patrick Leigh Fermor, edited by Adam Sisman (Nov. 14, paper, $19.95, ISBN 978-1-68137-156-6), is the first extensive collection of letters written by the war hero and travel writer, spanning 70 years, from February 1940 to January 2010. New York Review Books/Notting Hill. Beautiful and english Impossible Things: Selected Essays of Oscar Wilde, intro. by thesis essay, Gyles Brandreth (Oct. 24, hardcover, $18.95, ISBN 978-1-910749-06-7).
Famous for his witticisms and aestheticism, Oscar Wilde had a humanity and online deep sense of justice that have often been obscured. A new selection showcases the breadth and depth of his thinking. Acker by Douglas A. Martin (Sept. 5, paper, $17.95, ISBN 978-1-937658-71-7) is a lyrical account of Kathy Acker’s career, informed by her evocative prose, public statements, and private archives. Outline Essay! Martin follows Acker through New York’s downtown St. Mark’s Poetry Project scene, Black Mountain College, and the beats. The Annotated African American Folktales , edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Maria Tatar (Oct. 31, hardcover, $39.95, ISBN 978-0-87140-753-5).
Beginning with introductory essays and 20 seminal African tales as historical background, Gates and high school research Tatar present nearly 150 African-American folktales, myths, and outline essay legends, including both familiar Brer Rabbit classics and many stories rarely seen before. The Disappearance of Émile Zola: Love, Literature, and wharton essay 2009 the Dreyfus Case by Michael Rosen (Sept. 15, hardcover, $27.95, ISBN 978-1-68177-516-6). Outline Thesis Essay! In July 1898, world-renowned novelist Émile Zola fled France, having been found guilty of libel for his open letter “J’accuse.” Rosen presents the little-known story of Zola’s time in exile in England. Light the Dark: Writers on Creativity, Inspiration, and the Artistic Process , edited by Joe Fassler (Sept. 26, paper, $17, ISBN 978-0-14-313084-0). Wharton! What inspires you? That’s the simple but profound question posed to 46 renowned authors in Fassler’s collection, which grows out of his online “By Heart” Atlantic series. The Last Draft: A Novelist’s Guide to Revision by Sandra Scofield (Dec. 5, paper, $17, ISBN 978-0-14-313135-9). There are hundreds of titles on the market about writing fiction, but this is billed as the first by an acclaimed author to for a thesis, directly take on the challengingbut criticalprocess of revision.
The Story of cultural experience essay Classic Crime in for a essay 100 Books by Martin Edwards (Aug. 1, paper, $15.95, ISBN 978-1-4642-0723-5) tells the story of crime fiction published during the first half of the 20th century. Edwards, a genre expert, discusses titles ranging from The Hound of the Baskervilles to Strangers on a Train . Insomniac Dreams: Experiments with Time by Vladimir Nabokov , edited by dissertation bsc, Gennady Barabtarlo (Nov. Outline For A Thesis! 7, hardcover, $24.95, ISBN 978-0-691-16794-7). Nabokov’s dream diary is published for the first time and placed in biographical and literary context. Paperbacks from Hell: The Twisted History of ’70s and ’80s Horror Fiction by Grady Hendrix (Sept. 19, paper, $24.99, ISBN 978-1-59474-981-0). Take a tour through the horror paperback novels of the english, 1970s and ’80s. if you dare! Horror author and collector Hendrix offers shocking synopses, killer commentary, and dozens of reproductions of book covers from these lurid thrillers. The Written World: How Literature Shaped Civilization by Martin Puchner (Nov. 14, hardcover, $32, ISBN 978-0-8129-9893-1).
The power of literature to shape people, civilizations, and world history is explored through 16 key stories from more than 4,000 years of literaturefrom The Iliad ‘s influence on Alexander the Great to J.K. Essay! Rowling today. Frankenstein: The First Two Hundred Years by Christopher Frayling (Oct. 24, hardcover, $49.95, ISBN 978-1-909526-46-4) celebrates the 200th birthday of Frankenstein by tracing the journey of Mary Shelley’s creation from limited-edition literature to pop culture standby. Thieving Three-Fingered Jack: Transatlantic Tales of a Jamaican Outlaw, 17802015 by Frances R. Botkin (Dec. 8, paper, $28.95, ISBN 978-0-8135-8738-7). From 1780 to 1782, fugitive slave Jack Mansong terrorized colonial Jamaica and became a legend. Botkin analyzes centuries of writing about online, “Three-Fingered Jack,” showing how his story traveled from the thesis, Caribbean to England and the U.S. Cleopatra: I Am Fire and Air by Harold Bloom (Oct.
10, hardcover, $24, ISBN 978-1-5011-6416-3). A famous Shakespeare scholar explores the playwright’s interpretation of Cleopatra, while also sharing his own relationship to the character, who has seemed dramatically different at different points in cultural essay his life. Wild Things: The Joy of Reading Children’s Literature as an Adult by Bruce Handy (Aug. 15, hardcover, $26, ISBN 978-1-4516-0995-0). Vanity Fair contributing editor Handy addresses a love letter, both nostalgic and clear-eyed, to great authors of children’s literature, from for a, Louisa May Alcott and L. Dissertation! Frank Baum, to Eric Carle, Dr.
Seuss, and E.B. White. The Journal of Jules Renard , edited by Louise Bogan and Elizabeth Roget (Sept. 1, paper, $16.95, ISBN 978-0-9794198-7-4), is a unique autobiographical masterpiece from the turn of the 20th century, which, though celebrated abroad and cited as a principal influence by writers as varying as Somerset Maugham and Donald Barthelme, remains largely undiscovered in thesis the U.S. The Tunnel at the End of the Light: Essays on Movies and Politics by school multi-genre papers, Jim Shepard (Sept. 12, paper, $15.95, ISBN 978-1-941040-72-0). Outline Essay! The first book of nonfiction from an acclaimed fiction writer argues that many of Americans’ most persistentand destructiveideas about themselves come from the movies. Two Dollar Radio. They Can’t Kill Us Until They Kill Us by Hanif Willis-Abdurraqib (Nov.
14, paper, $15.99, ISBN 978-1-937512-65-1). In essays published by school research, the New York Times , MTV, and Pitchfork , among othersalong with original, previously unreleased essaysWillis-Abdurraqib views our age of confusion and fear through the lens of music and culture. Thus I Lived with Words: Robert Louis Stevenson and the Writer’s Craft by Annette R. Federico (Nov. Outline Essay! 15, paper, $19, ISBN 978-1-60938-518-7) collects Stevenson’s comments about his craft, including practical advice for aspiring authors and remarks on experience, the writer’s duty to the truth. Univ. of for a thesis Pennsylvania. Playwriting Playgoers in in bikinis Shakespeare’s Theater by thesis essay, Matteo A. Pangallo (Aug.
22, hardcover, $59.95, ISBN 978-0-8122-4941-5) views Shakespeare’s theater through a lesser-known group of early English playwrights: neither professionals nor aristocratic dilettantes, but middle- and working-class amateurs who learned about drama from going to plays. Books Are Made Out of Books: A Guide to Cormac McCarthy’s Literary Influences by Michael Lynn Crews (Sept. 5, hardcover, $35, ISBN 978-1-4773-1348-0) thoroughly mines Cormac McCarthy’s literary archive, which Texas State University acquired in 2007, to explore a subject McCarthy has been loath to discusshow he has been influenced by other writers. Univ. of Virginia. How Borges Wrote by Daniel Balderston (Dec.
1, hardcover, $65, ISBN 978-0-8139-3964-3). Experience College! The renowned Borges scholar pieces together the Argentine master’s creative process through the marks he left on paper, consulting over 170 manuscripts and primary documents to show how Borges arrived at outline for a essay his final published texts. Late Essays: 20062016 by J.M. English Online Papers! Coetzee (Jan. 2, hardcover, $28, ISBN 978-0-7352-2391-2). A new collection of 22 literary essays from the outline, Nobel Prize winner examines the work of some of the world’s greatest writers, including Samuel Beckett, Daniel Defoe, and Irene Nemirovsky. Magic Hours by Tom Bissell (Dec. 12, paper, $16.95, ISBN 978-0-525-43394-1) collects essays that explore the nature of creative genius, taking readers to the set of learjet resume The Big Bang Theory , from the first novel of Ernest Hemingway to the final work of David Foster Wallace; from the films of for a thesis Werner Herzog to the film of Tommy Wiseau.
The Curious World of Samuel Pepys and cultural experience John Evelyn by Margaret Willes (Sept. 19, hardcover, $27.50, ISBN 978-0-300-22139-8) gives an intimate portrait of two pivotal Restoration figures, two of the most celebrated English diarists, as well as close friends. Parts of this site are only available to paying PW subscribers. Subscribers: to set up your digital access click here. PW “All Access” site license members have access to PW ’s subscriber-only website content. Simply close and relaunch your preferred browser to log-in. To find out for a thesis, more about PW ’s site license subscription options please email: firstname.lastname@example.org. If you have questions or need assistance setting up your account please email email@example.com or call 1-800-278-2991 (U.S.) or 1-818-487-2069 (all other countries), Monday-Friday between 5am and 5pm Pacific time for assistance. Add your preferred email address and password to your account. You forgot your password and you need to experience college essay, retrieve it. Click here to access the password we have on outline for a thesis, file for you.
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Graphic Organizers for outline thesis Opinion Writing. Our state standards spell it out wharton essay, pretty clearly. My third graders need to be able to write opinion pieces on topics or texts that state an opinion within a framework of an outline organizational structure that provides reasons that support the opinion and provides a concluding statement. Oh, and they better use transitional words and phrases throughout. These would be the same 8-year-olds who still can't figure out it's not a good idea to put your boots on before your snow pants. With all this in mind, meeting those standards seemed like a huge mountain to climb when I was planning out my persuasive writing unit a few weeks ago. Dissertation! I have students who still haven't mastered capitalization and punctuation, so I knew I would have to break down the mechanics of writing an opinion statement into for a essay a step-by-step process for them. This week I am happy to share with you a few tips along with the wharton, graphic organizers I created to for a thesis help get my students writing opinion pieces that showed me that my students, while not quite there yet, were fully capable of making it to the top of that mountain. Introduce the cultural experience college essay, Language of Opinion Writing. The very first thing we did during a writing mini-lesson was go over essay, the language of opinion writing and how certain words, like fun and pretty are opinion clues because while they may be true for wharton some people, they are not true for everyone. We also discuss how other words, called transitions, are signals to your reader as to where you are in your writing: the beginning, middle or end.
After the initial vocabulary is essay introduced, I challenged my third graders to look for examples of high research papers these types of words in their everyday reading. Over the next couple of days, students used sticky notes to add opinion or transition words they found to an anchor chart posted on a classroom wall. Next, I took the words and put them into outline for a essay a chart that I copied for dissertation bsc students to glue into their writer's notebooks. You can see our chart below. If you would like to print your own copy, just click on outline thesis essay the image.
Introduce Easy-to-Read Opinion Pieces. Most of my third graders have read a wide variety of genres by this point in third grade, but when asked if they had ever read the opinion genre, they answered with a resounding, No! I pointed out to them that they actually read opinion articles nearly every week in wharton essay 2009 our Scholastic News magazine. Thesis Essay! At that point, I let them dive into the archives of old articles online and they were quickly able to find opinion pieces in several of the issues we had read this year. Students also used the debate section of the online issues. On the board we listed some of the school research, articles students found in Scholastic News that contained opinions: Many Scholastic news articles are perfect to use because they are short, and for the most part have a structure that is similar to how I want my students to write. The articles often include: Both sides of the outline essay, argument Clearly stated opinions Reasons for holding that opinion Examples to learjet resume support the reasons Conclusions that are restated with enthusiasm.
In the image below, you can see below how easy it was for my students to find the opinions, supporting reasons and examples in the Debate It feature we read together on whether the thesis, U.S. Mint should stop making pennies. Once students read the learjet resume, article about pennies, they were ready to form an opinion. After discussing the pros and cons with partners, the outline thesis, class took sides. With students divided into saudis essay two groups, they took part in thesis a spirited Visible Thinking debate called Tug of War. After hearing many of their classmates voice their reasoning for keeping or retiring the penny, the students were ready to get started putting their thoughts on multi-genre research paper.
At this time, I introduced our OREO graphic writing organizer. Using the name of outline for a thesis a popular cookie is a mnemonic device that helps my students remember the structural order their paragraphs need to take: O pinion, R eason, E xample, O pinion. In our class, we say our writing is double-stuffed , because two reasons and two examples are expected instead of one. Because this was our first foray into example writing, we worked through the organizer together. My students did pretty well with the learjet resume, initial organizer and we used it again to plan out thesis essay, opinion pieces on whether sledding should be banned in city parks.
Once students had planned out two different opinions, they selected one to turn into a full paragraph in their writer's notebooks. Online! The organizers made putting their thoughts into a clear paragraph with supporting reasons and outline examples very easy for most students. With each practice we did, my students got stronger and saudis I introduced different organizers to help them and to keep interest high. Giving each student one sandwich cookie to munch on while they worked on these organizers helped keep them excited about the whole process. After we worked our way through several of the Scholastic News opinion pieces, my third graders also thought of issues pertinent to thesis their own lives and learjet resume school experiences they wanted to write about, including: Should birthday treats and bagel sales be banned at school? Should all peanut products be banned? Should we be allowed to outline download our own apps on the iPads the school gave us?
As we continued to practice, different organizers were introduced. Those are shown below. Saudis In Bikinis Essay! Simply click on thesis each image to bsc download and print your own copy. The organizer below is my favorite to use once the outline for a thesis essay, students are more familiar with the structure of opinion paragraphs. It establishes the cultural, structure, but also helps students remember to use opinion-based sentence starters along with transition words. Below is a simple organizer some of my students can also choose to use. Scholastic offers many different resources for helping your students become better with their opinion writing, or for for a thesis younger writers, understanding the difference between fact and opinion. Click on the images below to download and print for free.
There are many more sheets like these in Scholastic Printables. A couple weeks into our persuasive writing unit and I have already seen a lot of progress from our very first efforts. We may not have mastered this writing yet, but we are definitely on our way and that mountain doesn't seem quite so high anymore. I hope you find a few of these tips and high multi-genre research papers my graphic organizers helpful! I'd love to hear your tips for elementary writing in the comment section below. I'd love to outline thesis essay connect with you on Twitter and Pinterest! I love using the english online, graphic organizers in my Grade 3 Writing Lessons to Meet the Common Core.
Other teachers in my building use the resources for their grade level as well. Essay! They make them for grades 1-6. Our state standards spell it out pretty clearly. My third graders need to be able to write opinion pieces on wharton 2009 topics or texts that state an outline for a opinion within a framework of an organizational structure that provides reasons that support the opinion and provides a concluding statement. High School! Oh, and they better use transitional words and phrases throughout. These would be the same 8-year-olds who still can't figure out it's not a good idea to put your boots on before your snow pants. With all this in mind, meeting those standards seemed like a huge mountain to climb when I was planning out my persuasive writing unit a few weeks ago. I have students who still haven't mastered capitalization and outline thesis punctuation, so I knew I would have to break down the mechanics of writing an bsc opinion statement into outline for a thesis essay a step-by-step process for dissertation them.
This week I am happy to share with you a few tips along with the graphic organizers I created to help get my students writing opinion pieces that showed me that my students, while not quite there yet, were fully capable of making it to the top of that mountain. Introduce the Language of Opinion Writing. The very first thing we did during a writing mini-lesson was go over the language of for a thesis essay opinion writing and how certain words, like fun and pretty are opinion clues because while they may be true for learjet resume some people, they are not true for everyone. We also discuss how other words, called transitions, are signals to thesis essay your reader as to where you are in your writing: the beginning, middle or end. After the initial vocabulary is introduced, I challenged my third graders to look for examples of these types of school multi-genre words in their everyday reading. Over the next couple of days, students used sticky notes to add opinion or transition words they found to an anchor chart posted on a classroom wall. Next, I took the thesis, words and put them into a chart that I copied for students to glue into their writer's notebooks. You can see our chart below. If you would like to print your own copy, just click on the image. Introduce Easy-to-Read Opinion Pieces.
Most of dissertation my third graders have read a wide variety of genres by this point in third grade, but when asked if they had ever read the opinion genre, they answered with a resounding, No! I pointed out to them that they actually read opinion articles nearly every week in our Scholastic News magazine. For A Thesis! At that point, I let them dive into the archives of wharton 2009 old articles online and they were quickly able to outline for a thesis essay find opinion pieces in several of the issues we had read this year. Students also used the debate section of the online issues. On the board we listed some of the articles students found in Scholastic News that contained opinions:
Many Scholastic news articles are perfect to use because they are short, and for the most part have a structure that is similar to how I want my students to write. The articles often include: Both sides of the argument Clearly stated opinions Reasons for holding that opinion Examples to support the reasons Conclusions that are restated with enthusiasm. In the image below, you can see below how easy it was for my students to find the opinions, supporting reasons and examples in the Debate It feature we read together on whether the U.S. Mint should stop making pennies. Once students read the article about pennies, they were ready to form an online papers opinion. After discussing the pros and cons with partners, the class took sides. With students divided into two groups, they took part in a spirited Visible Thinking debate called Tug of War.
After hearing many of their classmates voice their reasoning for keeping or retiring the outline thesis, penny, the wharton essay, students were ready to get started putting their thoughts on outline for a essay paper. At this time, I introduced our OREO graphic writing organizer. Using the name of a popular cookie is a mnemonic device that helps my students remember the structural order their paragraphs need to take: O pinion, R eason, E xample, O pinion. School Multi-genre Research Papers! In our class, we say our writing is outline thesis double-stuffed , because two reasons and two examples are expected instead of one. Because this was our first foray into example writing, we worked through the organizer together. My students did pretty well with the initial organizer and we used it again to plan out opinion pieces on whether sledding should be banned in saudis in bikinis essay city parks. Once students had planned out two different opinions, they selected one to turn into thesis essay a full paragraph in their writer's notebooks. The organizers made putting their thoughts into a clear paragraph with supporting reasons and examples very easy for most students. With each practice we did, my students got stronger and wharton 2009 I introduced different organizers to outline essay help them and to keep interest high.
Giving each student one sandwich cookie to munch on while they worked on these organizers helped keep them excited about the high school multi-genre papers, whole process. After we worked our way through several of the Scholastic News opinion pieces, my third graders also thought of issues pertinent to their own lives and school experiences they wanted to essay write about, including: Should birthday treats and learjet resume bagel sales be banned at school? Should all peanut products be banned? Should we be allowed to download our own apps on the iPads the school gave us? As we continued to outline practice, different organizers were introduced. Those are shown below.
Simply click on each image to download and print your own copy. The organizer below is my favorite to use once the students are more familiar with the structure of online opinion paragraphs. It establishes the structure, but also helps students remember to use opinion-based sentence starters along with transition words. Below is a simple organizer some of my students can also choose to use. Scholastic offers many different resources for helping your students become better with their opinion writing, or for younger writers, understanding the difference between fact and opinion. Click on essay the images below to download and print for free. Wharton Essay! There are many more sheets like these in for a essay Scholastic Printables. A couple weeks into our persuasive writing unit and I have already seen a lot of progress from our very first efforts. We may not have mastered this writing yet, but we are definitely on our way and that mountain doesn't seem quite so high anymore.
I hope you find a few of experience these tips and outline essay my graphic organizers helpful! I'd love to hear your tips for elementary writing in high school research papers the comment section below. I'd love to connect with you on Twitter and outline for a essay Pinterest! I love using the graphic organizers in my Grade 3 Writing Lessons to Meet the in bikinis essay, Common Core. Other teachers in for a thesis my building use the resources for their grade level as well. They make them for grades 1-6. Share your ideas about this article. TM ® © 2017 Scholastic Inc.
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