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Applying For Production Jobs? Here Are a Few Tips to Make Your Resume Shine. Sending out how to personal reflective essay, job applications for production work can be both tremendously exciting and help, nerve-racking at the same time. On one hand, the thought of landing cool production gigs and generating some income with your filmmaking skills is an awesome feeling. How To End A Reflective. But what if your resume isn't up to snuff? What if you put too much information on there, or not enough?

What if the producers laugh at the fact that you included student films on your resume? Well, worry no more, No Film Schoolers, because in a fantastic post for thesis statements, Production Hub, Robyn Coburn, who reviews production resumes and cover letters for a living, wrote up a list of the end a personal reflective essay, 7 most common mistakes that she sees from aspiring filmmakers on their resumes. So without any further ado, here are just a few of the mistakes that we might all be making with our production resumes: Lack of clarity about your position. Don’t have a one-size-fits-all resume, and don’t try to be a jack-of-all-trades either. The rest of that saying is master of none. UPM’s on ib criteria real movies with real budgets, are looking for individuals to do specific jobs. Always put your position immediately after your name, such as John Smith - Production Assistant.

Don’t have position sought taking up space on the page. This was absolutely a problem with my production resume for how to reflective, a long while, and I'm guessing a problem with many other young filmmakers' resumes as well. It's entirely too tempting to quotes essay, put down the fact that you're an experienced sound man when, in reality, you held a boom on how to personal essay a student short 7 years ago. Keep it clean from the quotes for comparison essay, fluff while making sure that all of your essential skills are represented, and you'll be well on your way to crafting a successful resume. Reflective Essay. Keeping student and micro-budget projects on your resume for too long. I know we all have a lot of affection for our early work. However these are not real credits, unless in the rarest of situations a student film does very well in a festival, or the low, low-budget film happens to have a name star because of some prior relationship. Most of the time, drop those projects off the bottom of your resume as you get more real credits to include. It is better to have a few real, higher budget credits - regardless of how lowly the teacher world, position - than to be listed as the Producer of an unknown student short.

Coburn is right on the money when she says that we all have affection for the work that we did in school, or from when we were just getting started out in how to end a essay the industry. To be quite honest, I'm still enamored with a lot of that work that I did in tok essay school (because it was obviously super awesome.) But the fact is that it just doesn't look good on essay a resume when you're trying to get professional-level work. Private Equity. Professional sets are entirely different from what you do in film school, and producers want to personal reflective, see that you've worked professionally before. It's that simple. For folks who are just getting started in production and who are looking for ways to legitimately break into the industry, Coburn's resume tips are absolutely invaluable. For Elementary Students. The film industry is how to essay, oftentimes a notoriously cynical place, and resume mistakes, however small and seemingly unimportant, can make all the difference in ks3 re the world. Of course, an how to end a personal, equally polished cover letter is also essential to landing the job, but that's an article for another day.

You can check out the rest of Coburn's fantastic resume tips over on Production Hub. And hell, while you're there, might as well apply for a job or two. Tok Essay. What do you guys think of these common production resume mishaps? Do you have any of end a personal your own? Let us know in the comments! I know Robyn and she has a website that has even more tips and information on her website - http://workinproduction.com/ November 2, 2013 at 2:13PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Essay On The Greatest In The. Wow that sentence came out how to end a personal reflective essay, poorly.

Haha. November 2, 2013 at 2:14PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Thanks so much for the kind remarks, Robert, and thanks for the shout out Brady. I love helping people make their resumes and cover letters better. Quotes For Comparison Essay. Now to return the favor, check out how to reflective, Brady's short film, Monster: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Hk9vwrEfRg. November 2, 2013 at 9:48PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Oh, and I'll be adding the alexandra kimball, Cover Letter tips to my website soon!

November 2, 2013 at 9:52PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Get experience any which way early on, don't worry about end a personal reflective money, focus on doing things that will be seen as valuable to your resume and kimball, the future filmmakers looking for the skill sets you have developed along the way. November 4, 2013 at 10:54AM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. How To Reflective Essay. so when you applying for an industry job, list as many industry jobs you've done as possible? if you have many industry jobs behind your belt wouldn't you have enough connection to for elementary students, get one without a perfect resume? November 5, 2013 at how to reflective 3:23PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. I work freelance in TV in ib criteria London, and I don't know every single person that works in TV in London. More often than not, one of your connections recommends you, but the end a personal essay, person who they recommended you to, is equity phd thesis, going to how to reflective, want to see your CV. I got a phone call a little while ago from private equity a company I hadn't worked for before. They called me because on how to end a my CV it said that I'd worked on one of phd thesis their productions. which was weird because I hadn't.

Turns out an office runner had stapled the how to personal essay, the 2nd page of someone else's CV to mine :) so people really rely on CVs. Didn't get that job. bastards. November 7, 2013 at 7:27PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Resumes? When I'm asked to quotes for comparison essay, send in a resume, nine times out of ten it means I didn't get the job. On one hand, you can look at it that I'm not good enough writing resumes. but really, it's just that most film work is word of mouth. My highest paying work has usually been for producers, production managers directors who haven't even seen my reel! It used to actually offend me, but I've let it go. recommendations from the right people are a pretty powerful filter and most productions rely on personal essay that (I work in the camera department and most of the time, I'm getting hired by private phd thesis the DP even thou the phone calls come thru the production manager or producers.) It does make breaking in harder. November 16, 2013 at 8:41PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. February 19, 2015 at 10:34AM, Edited February 19, 10:34AM.

These are great tips for an office, sales, or business resume, including for listed/advertised office type jobs at Studios, Networks and Production Companies. Production resumes are completely different. You look like a novice if you send a UPM your office resume. That is why my website exists, and I wrote my new book: Work In Production Part One: How to how to personal reflective, Format your Resume to Start or Upgrade your Career in statements Film and end a, Television Production. https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MTQPITS. December 28, 2016 at 3:32PM. Undoubtedly a professional resume is quotes for comparison essay, a guarantee of an how to end a personal essay, interview. Pay a lot of attention to this. If you can not write a resume yourself, refer to tok essay ib criteria, professional resume writers, or make a resume with help of resume makers. This base https://www.resumance.com/resume-builder-reviews will help to choose the best. August 9, 2017 at 2:06AM, Edited August 9, 2:07AM. Get your FREE copy of the eBook called astonishingly detailed and useful by Filmmaker Magazine!

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colgate sample essay Dasani’s Homeless Life data-summary=There are more than 22,000 homeless children in a city with the how to personal, greatest concentration of wealth in America. data-pubdate=Published: December 9, 2013 S he wakes to homework ks3 re the sound of breathing. The smaller children lie tangled beside her, their chests rising and falling under winter coats and wool blankets. A few feet away, their mother and father sleep near the mop bucket they use as a toilet. Two other children share a mattress by the rotting wall where the mice live, opposite how to personal essay, the baby, whose crib is warmed by a hair dryer perched on a milk crate. Slipping out from her covers, the oldest girl sits at the window. On mornings like this, she can see all the way across Brooklyn to the Empire State Building, the private phd thesis, first New York skyscraper to end a personal reflective essay reach 100 floors.

Her gaze always stops at that iconic temple of stone, its tip pointed celestially, its facade lit with promise. “It makes me feel like there’s something going on out there,” says the 11-year-old girl, never one for patience. Essay? This child of New York is always running before she walks. She likes being first the how to reflective, first to be born, the first to go to tok essay ib criteria school, the first to make the honor roll. Even her name, Dasani, speaks of a certain reach. The bottled water had come to Brooklyn’s bodegas just before she was born, catching the reflective essay, fancy of her mother, who could not afford such indulgences. Private Equity? It hinted at end a personal a different, upwardly mobile clientele, a set of newcomers who over the next decade would transform the private equity, borough. Dasani’s own neighborhood, Fort Greene, is now one of gentrification’s gems. Her family lives in end a, the Auburn Family Residence, a decrepit city-run shelter for the homeless.

It is a place where mold creeps up walls and roaches swarm, where feces and kimball, vomit plug communal toilets, where sexual predators have roamed and small children stand guard for their single mothers outside filthy showers. It is no place for children. Yet Dasani is among 280 children at the shelter. Beyond its walls, she belongs to a vast and invisible tribe of more than 22,000 homeless children in New York, the end a personal essay, highest number since the Great Depression, in the most unequal metropolis in America. Nearly a quarter of Dasani’s childhood has unfolded at Auburn, where she shares a 520-square-foot room with her parents and seven siblings. As they begin to alexandra kimball stir on this frigid January day, Dasani sets about her chores. Her mornings begin with Baby Lele, whom she changes, dresses and feeds, checking that the formula distributed by the shelter is not, once again, expired.

She then wipes down the family’s small refrigerator, stuffed with lukewarm milk, Tropicana grape juice and containers of leftover Chinese. How To End A Essay? After tidying the dresser drawers she shares with a sister, Dasani rushes her younger siblings onto the school bus. “I have a lot on my plate,” she says, taking inventory: The fork and spoon are her parents and the macaroni, her siblings except for help, Baby Lele, who is a plump chicken breast. “So that’s a lot on my plate with some corn bread,” she says. “That’s a lot on my plate.” Dasani guards her feelings closely, dispensing with anger through humor. Beneath it all is a child whose existence is defined by her siblings. Her small scrub-worn hands are always tying shoelaces or doling out peanut butter sandwiches, taking the ends of the loaf for herself. The bond is inescapable. In the presence of her brothers and sisters, Dasani has no peace.

Without them, she is incomplete. Today, Dasani rides the creaky elevator to the lobby and walks past the guards, the metal detector and the tall, iron fence that envelops what she calls “the jail.” She steps into end a personal essay the light, and is met by the worn brick facade of the Walt Whitman projects across the street. She heads east along Myrtle Avenue and, three blocks later, has crossed into another New York: the equity phd thesis, shaded, graceful abode of Fort Greene’s brownstones, which fetch millions of dollars. “Black is beautiful, black is me,” she sings under her breath as her mother trails behind. Dasani suddenly stops, puzzling at the pavement. Its condition, she notes, is reflective, clearly superior on private this side of Myrtle.

“Worlds change real fast, don’t it?” her mother says. In the short span of Dasani’s life, her city has been reborn. The skyline soars with luxury towers, beacons of a new gilded age. More than 200 miles of fresh bike lanes connect commuters to high-tech jobs, passing through upgraded parks and avant-garde projects like the High Line and Jane’s Carousel. Posh retail has spread from its Manhattan roots to the city’s other boroughs. These are the crown jewels of Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg’s long reign, which began just seven months after Dasani was born. In the how to, shadows of this renewal, it is Dasani’s population who have been left behind. The ranks of the poor have risen, with almost half of New Yorkers living near or below the poverty line.

Their traditional anchors affordable housing and private, jobs that pay a living wage have weakened as the city reorders itself around the whims of the wealthy. Long before Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio rose to power by denouncing the end a reflective, city’s inequality, children like Dasani were being pushed further into the margins, and not just in New York. For Comparison? Cities across the personal reflective essay, nation have become flash points of polarization, as one population has bounced back from the recession while another continues to struggle. One in five American children is now living in poverty, giving the United States the highest child poverty rate of any developed nation except for Romania. This bodes poorly for the future. Decades of research have shown the staggering societal costs of children in quotes for comparison essay, poverty. They grow up with less education and lower earning power. How To Reflective? They are more likely to quotes for comparison have drug addiction, psychological trauma and disease, or wind up in prison. Dasani does not need the proof of abstract research. How To End A? All of thesis statements students, these plights run through her family. Her future is further threatened by end a, the fact of essay on the greatest teacher in the world, her homelessness, which has been shown, even in how to personal reflective, short spells, to statements for elementary students bring disastrous consequences.

Dasani’s circumstances are largely the outcome of parental dysfunction. While nearly one-third of New York’s homeless children are supported by a working adult, her mother and father are unemployed, have a history of arrests and are battling drug addiction. Yet Dasani’s trials are not solely of her parents’ making. They are also the end a personal essay, result of decisions made a world away, in the marble confines of City Hall. With the economy growing in 2004, the Bloomberg administration adopted sweeping new policies intended to push the homeless to thesis for elementary become more self-reliant.

They would no longer get priority access to public housing and other programs, but would receive short-term help with rent. Poor people would be empowered, the mayor argued, and how to reflective essay, homelessness would decline. But the opposite statements students, happened. End A Personal Reflective Essay? As rents steadily rose and low-income wages stagnated, chronically poor families like Dasani’s found themselves stuck in a shelter system with fewer exits. Families are now languishing there longer than ever a development that Mr. Statements For Elementary? Bloomberg explained by how to personal reflective essay, saying shelters offered “a much more pleasurable experience than they ever had before.” Just three days before the mayor made that comment at a news conference in August 2012, an inspector at Auburn stopped by Dasani’s crowded room, noting that a mouse was “running around and going into the walls,” which had “many holes.” “Please assist,” the inspector added. “There is infant in alexandra kimball, room.” Dasani was about to start sixth grade at a promising new school.

This would be a pivotal year of her childhood one already marked by more longing and loss than most adults ever see. A tangle of three dramas had yet to unspool. There was the question of whether Dasani’s family would remain intact. Her mother had just been reunited with the children on the condition that she and her husband stay off drugs. The city’s Administration for Children’s Services was watching closely. Any slips, and end a reflective, the siblings could wind up in foster care, losing their parents and, most likely, one another.

The family’s need for kimball, a home was also growing desperate. The longer they stayed in that one room, the more they seemed to personal essay fall apart. Yet rents were impossibly high in the city, and a quarter-million people were waiting for the rare vacancy in private, public housing. Families like Dasani’s had been leaving the personal reflective essay, state. This was the year, then, that her parents made a promise: to phd thesis save enough money to go somewhere else, maybe as far as the Pocono Mountains, in Pennsylvania. Dasani could close her eyes and see it. “It’s quiet and it’s a lot of grass.”

In the absence of this long-awaited home, there was only school. But it remained to be seen whether Dasani’s new middle school, straining under budget cuts, could do enough to fill the voids of her life. For children like Dasani, school is not just a place to reflective essay cultivate a hungry mind. Kimball Essay? It is a refuge. The right school can provide routine, nourishment and the guiding hand of how to reflective essay, responsible adults. But school also had its perils. Dasani was hitting the age when girls prove their worth through fighting.

And she was her mother’s daughter, a fearless fighter. She was also on the cusp of becoming something more, something she could feel but not yet see, if only the essay on the greatest teacher world, right things happened and the right people came along. D asani is how to end a personal essay, a short, wiry girl whose proud posture overwhelms her 4-foot-8 frame. Essay Teacher In The World? She has a delicate, oval face and luminous brown eyes that watch everything, owl-like. Her expression veers from wonder to mischief. Strangers often remark on her beauty her high cheekbones and smooth skin but the comments never seem to register.

What she knows is how to reflective, that she has been blessed with perfect teeth. In a family where braces are the stuff of fantasy, having good teeth is a lottery win. On the subway, Dasani can blend in with children who are better off. It is an ironic fact of being poor in a rich city that the donated garments Dasani and her siblings wear lend them the veneer of affluence, at least from a distance. Teacher In The? Used purple Uggs and Patagonia fleeces cover thinning socks and fraying jeans. A Phil Teds rain cover, fished from reflective, a garbage bin, protects Baby Lele’s rickety stroller. Dasani tells herself that brand names don’t matter.

She knows such yearnings will go unanswered, so better not to have them. But once in a while, when by some miracle her mother produces a new pair of kimball, Michael Jordan sneakers, Dasani finds herself succumbing to how to end a personal essay the same exercise: She wears them sparingly, and only indoors, hoping to keep them spotless. Alexandra Kimball? It never works. Best to try to blend in, she tells herself, while not caring when you don’t. She likes being small because “I can slip through things.” In the blur of her city’s crowded streets, she is just another face. Personal Reflective? What people do not see is a homeless girl whose mother succumbed to private equity phd thesis crack more than once, whose father went to how to reflective essay prison for quotes for comparison, selling drugs, and whose cousins and aunts have become the anonymous casualties of gang shootings, AIDS and domestic violence.

Dasani speaks with certainty. She often begins a sentence with “Mommy say” before reciting, verbatim, some new bit of learned wisdom, such as “camomile tea cures a bad stomach” or “that lady is a dope fiend.” She likes facts. How To End A Reflective Essay? She rarely wavers, or hints at doubt, even as her life is homework help ks3 re, consumed by it. When strangers are near, Dasani refers to reflective Auburn as “that place.” It is separate from her, and distant. But in the company of her siblings, she calls it “the house,” transforming a crowded room into an imaginary home. In reality, Auburn is neither. The forbidding, 10-story brick building, which dates back almost a century, was formerly Cumberland Hospital, one of seven public hospitals that closed because of the city’s 1970s fiscal crisis. In 1985, the city repurposed the former hospital into a shelter for families. This was the dawn of the period known as “modern homelessness,” driven by wage stagnation, Reagan-era cutbacks and the rising cost of homes. By the time Mayor Bloomberg took office in ib criteria, 2002, New York’s homeless population had reached 31,063 a record for the city, which is legally obligated to provide shelter. Among the city’s 152 family shelters, Auburn became known as a place of how to essay, last resort, a dreaded destination for the chronically homeless.

City and state inspectors have repeatedly cited the homework help ks3 re, shelter for deplorable conditions, including sexual misconduct by staff members, spoiled food, asbestos exposure, lead paint and vermin. How To? Auburn has no certificate of occupancy, as required by law, and equity phd thesis, lacks an operational plan that meets state regulations. Most of the shelter’s smoke detectors and alarms have been found to be inoperable. There are few signs that children live at end a essay Auburn. Locked gates prevent them from tok essay ib criteria, setting foot on the front lawn. In a city that has invested millions of dollars in reflective, new “green spaces,” Auburn’s is often overrun with weeds. Inside, prepackaged meals are served in a cafeteria where Dasani and her siblings wait in one line for homework ks3 re, their food before heading to another line to heat it in one of two microwaves that hundreds of residents share. Tempers fly and fights explode.

The routine can last more than an hour before the how to end a personal reflective, children take their first bite. The family’s room is the scene of debilitating chaos: stacks of dirty laundry, shoes stuffed under a mattress, bicycles and coats piled high. To the quotes, left of the door, beneath a decrepit sink where Baby Lele is bathed, the wall has rotted through, leaving a long, dark gap where mice congregate. A few feet away, Dasani’s legally blind, 10-year-old sister, Nijai, sleeps on how to personal a mattress that has come apart at private the seams, its rusted coils splayed. Hand-washed clothes line the guards on the windows, which are shaded by gray wool blankets strung from the how to reflective, ceiling.

A sticky fly catcher dangles overhead, dotted with dead insects. There is no desk or chair in on the greatest teacher world, the room just a maze of how to personal reflective, mattresses and dressers. For Elementary? A flat-screen television rests on two orange milk crates. To eat, the children sit on the cracked linoleum floor, which never feels clean no matter how much they mop. Homework is reflective, a challenge. The shelter’s one recreation room can hardly accommodate Auburn’s hundreds of private equity, children, leaving Dasani and personal reflective, her siblings to study, hunched over, on their mattresses. Sometimes it feels like too many bodies sharing the same air. “There’s no space to breathe ’cause they breathe up all the ib criteria, oxygen,” Dasani says. She carves out small, sacred spaces: a portion of the floor at mealtime, an upturned crate by the window, a bathroom stall. The children spend hours at the playgrounds of the surrounding housing projects, where a subtle hierarchy is at work.

If they are seen enough times emerging from Auburn, they are pegged as the personal essay, neighborhood’s outliers, the so-called shelter boogies. Nothing gnaws at Dasani more. A mucus-stained nose suggests a certain degradation, not just the absence of tissues, but of on the greatest teacher in the world, a parent willing to wipe or a home so unclean that a runny nose makes no difference. Dasani and her siblings can get hungry enough to end a personal essay lose their concentration in school, but they are forever wiping one another’s noses. When Dasani hears “shelter boogies,” all she can think to essay on the in the world say is what her mother always tells her that Auburn is “just a pit stop.” “But you will live in the projects forever, as will your kids’ kids, and your kids’ kids’ kids.” She knows the battle is asymmetrical. The projects may represent all kinds of inertia. But to live at Auburn is to how to personal essay admit the ultimate failure: the inability of help, one’s parents to reflective essay meet that most basic need. D asani ticks through their faces, the girls from the projects who might turn up at this new school. Some are kind enough not to gossip about where she lives. #9632; The others might be distracted by the sheer noise of this first day the start of essay, sixth grade, the new uniform, the new faces.

She will hopefully slip by those girls unseen. She approaches the school’s steps on a clear September morning. Fresh braids fall to personal essay one side of her face, clipped by bright yellow bows. Her required polo and khakis have been pressed with a hair straightener, since Auburn forbids irons. Her heart is pounding. Homework? She will be sure to take a circuitous route home. How To Essay? She will focus in class and mind her manners in quotes for comparison essay, the schoolyard. She only how to personal essay has to climb those steps. “Come on, there’s nothing to essay be scared about,” her 34-year-old mother, Chanel, finally says, nudging Dasani up the stairs.

She passes through the end a personal reflective essay, metal detector, joining 507 other middle and high school students at alexandra essay the Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. Housed in a faded brick building two blocks from Auburn, McKinney is a poor-kids’ version of LaGuardia Arts, the elite Manhattan public school that inspired the television series “Fame.” Threadbare curtains adorn its theater. Stage props are salvaged from a nearby trash bin. Dance class is so crowded that students practice in intervals. An air of possibility permeates the school, named after the first African-American woman to become a physician in New York State. There is Officer Jamion Andrews, the end a personal essay, security guard who moonlights as a rap lyricist, and Zakiya Harris, the dance teacher who runs a studio on the side. And there is tok essay, Faith Hester, the comedic, eyelash-batting humanities teacher who wrote a self-help book titled “Create a Life You Love Living” and fancies her own reality show. The children also strive.

Among them is a voice that periodically lifts the school with a “Madama Butterfly” aria. When the students hear it, they know that Jasmine, a sublimely gifted junior, is singing in the office of the how to personal reflective, principal, Paula Holmes. The school matriarch closes her eyes as she listens. It may be her only tranquil moment. Miss Holmes is tok essay, a towering woman, by turns steely and reflective, soft. Quotes For Comparison? She wears a Bluetooth like a permanent earring and end a reflective essay, tends toward power suits.

She has been at McKinney’s helm for alexandra kimball essay, 15 years and runs the school like a naval ship, peering down its gleaming hallways as if searching the seas for enemy vessels. Students stammer in her presence. She leaves her office door permanently open, like a giant, unblinking eye. A poster across the hall depicts a black man in sagging jeans standing before the White House, opposite President Obama. “To live in end a personal reflective essay, this crib,” the alexandra, poster reads, “you have to look the personal essay, part.” Miss Holmes has no tolerance for for elementary, sagging sartorial, attitudinal or otherwise. McKinney’s roots run deep.

Dasani’s own grandmother studied there as a girl. Most of the middle school students are black, live in the surrounding projects and qualify for free or reduced meals. They eat in how to personal, shifts in quotes essay, the school’s basement cafeteria, watched over by the avuncular Frank Heyward, who blasts oldies from how to end a personal, a boombox, telling students, “I got shoes older than you.” For all of McKinney’s pluck, its burdens are great. Statements For Elementary? In the end a personal essay, last six years, the city has cut the school’s budget by a quarter as its population declined. Fewer teachers share a greater load. After-school resources have thinned, but not the needs of students whose families are torn apart by quotes essay, gun violence and drug use. McKinney’s staff psychologist shuttles between three schools like a firefighter.

And now, a charter school is angling to move in. If successful, it will eventually claim McKinney’s treasured top floor, home to its theater class, dance studio and how to end a personal reflective, art lab. Teachers and on the greatest in the, parents are bracing for battle, announced by fliers warning against the “apartheid” effects of a charter co-location. Dasani knows about charter schools. Personal Essay? Her former school, P.S. 67, shared space with one. She never spoke to those children, whose classrooms were stocked with new computers.

Dasani’s own school was failing by greatest in the, the time she left. At McKinney, Dasani quickly draws the notice of the older students, and not because she is short, though the nickname “Shorty” sticks. It is her electricity. When they dote on her, she giggles. But say the wrong thing and she turns fierce, letting the four-letter words fly. It is still September when Dasani’s temper lands her in the principal’s office. “Please don’t call my mother,” Dasani whispers. Miss Holmes is seated in a rolling pleather chair held together by duct tape. She stares at the anguished girl. She has been at McKinney long enough to know when a child’s transgressions at school might bring a beating at home. The principal slowly scoots her chair up to Dasani and leans within inches of her face.

From that day forward, Dasani will be on her best behavior. In turn, Miss Holmes will keep what happens at school in school. With that, she waves Dasani off, fighting the urge to smile. She can’t help but like this feisty little girl. D asani closes her eyes and tilts her head toward the ceiling of her classroom. She has missed breakfast again. How To Personal Reflective? #9632; She tries to drift. She sees Florida. Quotes Essay? For a child who has never been to how to end a reflective essay the beach, television ads are transporting. She is walking in the sand. She crashes into the waves.

“Dasaaaaaani!” her teacher sings out. She opens her eyes. There is private equity phd thesis, Miss Hester, batting those lashes. Both she and another teacher, Kenya Mabry, were raised in the projects. They dress and talk with a polish that impresses Dasani, who studies them. Miss Hester is also watching Dasani. She does not yet know where Dasani lives, or how hungry she gets. Personal Reflective? But Miss Hester finds two things striking: how late she arrives some mornings and alexandra essay, how capable this girl is in spite of it. Without even trying, she keeps up. Dasani possesses what adults at McKinney consider an intuitive approach to learning, the reflective essay, kind that comes when rare smarts combine with extreme life circumstances. Her intelligence is “uncanny” and “far surpasses peers her age,” one counselor writes. Thesis Statements For Elementary? “Student is continuously using critical analysis to reflect upon situations and interactions.”

Principal Holmes is also taking note. She can already see in personal essay, this “precocious little button” the kind of girl who could be anything even a Supreme Court justice if only she harnesses her gifts early enough. Homework Help? “Dasani has something that hasn’t even been unleashed yet,” Miss Holmes says. “It’s still being cultivated.” For now, Dasani’s most honed skill might be obfuscation. She works hard to hide her struggles, staying quiet as other children brag about their new cellphones or sleepovers with friends. If there is one place she feels free, it is dance class.

When she walks into essay McKinney’s studio, and the music starts, her body releases whatever she is feeling. “When I’m happy I dance fast,” she says. “When I’m sad I dance slow. When I’m upset I dance both.” Dasani has been dancing for as long as she can remember, well before she earned her first dollar a few years ago break-dancing in Times Square. But the on the greatest teacher in the, study of dance, as something practiced rather than spontaneous, this is new. She is learning to point her toes like a ballerina, and to fall back into a graceful bridge. Perhaps it is no accident that amid the bedlam of end a essay, Dasani’s home life the missed welfare appointments and piles of unwashed clothes she is statements for elementary, drawn to a craft of discipline. Here, in this room, time is kept and how to personal essay, routines are mapped with precision and equity phd thesis, focus.

Dasani never tires of rehearsing the same moves, or scrutinizing more experienced dancers. Her gaze is often fixed on a tall, limber eighth grader named Sahai. Sahai is the middle school’s valedictorian. A breathtaking dancer, she has long silky hair and carries herself like a newly crowned queen. She is a girl with enough means to accessorize elegantly. When Dasani looks at Sahai, she is taking the how to reflective essay, measure of all she is not.

You can be popular in one of three ways, Dasani’s mother always says. Dress fly. Do good in school. Alexandra Essay? Fight. The first option is how to end a essay, out of the question. Quotes Essay? While Dasani clings to her uniform, other students wear coveted Adidas hoodies and how to essay, Doc Marten boots. In dance class, Dasani does not even have a leotard. So she applies herself in school. “I have a lot of possibility,” she says. “I do.”

Her strongest subject is English, where a poem she writes is tacked to a teacher’s wall. By October, she is on the honor roll, just as her life at Auburn is coming apart. I t is something of an art to sleep among nine other people. One learns not to hear certain sounds or smell certain smells. #9632; But some things still intrude on Dasani’s sleep. There is the homework, ceaseless drip of that decaying sink, and the scratching of hungry mice. It makes no difference when the how to personal, family lays out traps and hangs its food from the ceiling in a plastic bag. Auburn’s mice always return, as stubborn as the “ghetto squirrels,” in Chanel’s lingo, that forage the trash for Chinese fried chicken. Dasani shares a twin mattress and three dresser drawers with her mischievous and portly sister, Avianna, only one year her junior. Their 35-year-old stepfather, Supreme, has raised them as his own. They consider him their father and call him Daddy. Supreme married Chanel nine years earlier, bringing two children from a previous marriage.

The boy, Khaliq, had trouble speaking. He had been trapped with his dead, pregnant mother after she fell down a flight of stairs. The girl, Nijai, had a rare genetic eye disease and was going blind. They were the same tender ages as Dasani and Avianna, forming a homeless Brady Bunch as Supreme and quotes for comparison, Chanel had four more children. Two of Dasani’s half-sisters, 7-year-old Maya and 6-year-old Hada, share the mattress to her right. The 5-year-old they call Papa sleeps by himself because he wets the bed. End A Reflective? In the crib is Baby Lele, who is tended to by Dasani when her parents are listless from their daily dose of methadone.

Chanel and quotes for comparison essay, Supreme take the synthetic opioid as part of their drug treament program. It has essentially become a substitute addiction. The more time they spend in this room, the how to end a personal reflective, smaller it feels. Nothing stays in order. Everything is exposed marital spats, frayed underwear, the onset of puberty, the alexandra essay, mischief other children hide behind closed doors. Supreme paces erratically.

Chanel cannot check her temper. For Dasani and her siblings, to act like rambunctious children is to risk a beating. By late fall, Chanel and Supreme are fighting daily about money. It has been years since Supreme lost his job as a barber and Chanel stopped working as a janitor for the parks department. How To End A Personal Essay? He cuts hair inside the shelter and sells pirated DVDs on essay on the greatest the street while she hawks odds and how to personal essay, ends from discount stores.

In a good month, their combined efforts can bring in a few hundred dollars. This is essay on the teacher in the, not one of those times. Supreme is end a essay, keeping tight control of the family’s welfare income $1,285 in quotes, food stamps and $1,122 in survivor benefits for his first wife’s death. Personal Essay? He refuses to give Chanel cash for laundry. Soon, all of Dasani’s uniforms are stained. At school, she is now wearing donated clothes and her hair is unkempt, inviting the dreaded designation of alexandra, “nappy.” Rumors are circulating about where she lives. Only six of the middle school’s 157 students reside in shelters. When the truth about end a personal reflective, Dasani emerges, she does nothing to homework help contradict it. She is personal essay, a proud girl.

She must find a way to turn the statements for elementary, truth, like other unforeseeable calamities, in how to essay, her favor. She begins calling herself “ghetto.” She dares the girls to fight her and challenges the boys to arm-wrestle, flexing the biceps she has built doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park. The boys watch slack-jawed as Dasani demonstrates the push-ups she has also mastered, earning her the thesis students, nickname “muscle girl.” Her teachers are flummoxed. They assume that she has shed her uniform because she is trying to act tough. In fact, the reverse is true. A chilly, November wind whips across Auburn Place, rustling the how to end a personal reflective, plastic cover of essay, a soiled mattress in a trash bin outside the shelter. #9632; Chanel and Supreme stand nearby, waiting for their children to come from school. They are still short on how to essay cash.

The children had pitched in $5.05, from collecting cans and bottles over essay on the in the world the weekend. Chanel inspects the mattress. How To End A Personal Reflective Essay? Clean, it might fetch $10. But it is stained with feces. Janitors wearing masks and gloves had removed it from ib criteria, a squalid room where three small children lived, defecating on the floor. How To Reflective? Their mother rarely bathed them, and they had no shoes on the day she gathered them in ib criteria, a hurry and left. “You can smell it?” Chanel asks Supreme. “No, I can see it,” he says, curling his lip. “Those are the people that they need to be calling A.C.S. on,” Chanel says. At the shelter, the how to personal reflective essay, abbreviation for the Administration for homework, Children’s Services is uttered with the same kind of how to, alarm that the C.I.A. can stoke overseas. “Nasty girl,” Chanel says, scrunching her nose.

Everyone knows Chanel. She weighs 215 pounds and her face is a constellation of freckles lit by thesis statements students, a gaptoothed smile. She wraps her copper-hued hair in a tubular scarf. The street is her domain. When she walks, people often step to the side not in deference to her ample frame so much as her magisterial air.

Chanel is in how to end a reflective essay, everyone’s business, scoping out snitches, offering homeopathic remedies, tattling on a girl’s first kiss. A five-minute walk through Fulton Mall can take Chanel hours for all the greetings, gossip, recriminations and nostalgia. Homework Help? She has a remarkable nose for people, sniffing out phoniness in seconds. How To Personal Essay? Those who smile too much are wearing “a frown turned upside down.” She is phd thesis, often spoiling for a fight, or leaving people in the stitches of laughter. While others want the life of the music mogul Jay-Z, Chanel would settle for being his pet. “Just let me be the how to end a, dog. I don’t care where you put me.” When Chanel laughs, she tilts her head back and unleashes a thunderous cackle. Dasani can detect her mother’s laugh from blocks away. Today, she returns from school lugging a plastic bag of essay, clothes donated by a security guard at McKinney. Dasani begins rummaging through the bag.

She pulls out a white Nautica ski jacket and holds it up to her shoulders. End A Personal Essay? It is alexandra essay, too wide, but she likes it. “It’s dirty,” she says forgivingly. “Look, Mommy!” she says, modeling her new coat. “That fits you real nice,” Chanel coos. Suddenly, Supreme leaps into the air. His monthly benefits have arrived, announced by a recording on his prepaid welfare phone. He sets off to reclaim his gold teeth from the pawnshop and buy new boots for the children at Cookie’s, a favored discount store in Fulton Mall. The money will be gone by week’s end. Supreme and how to end a personal essay, Chanel have been scolded about their lack of financial discipline in countless meetings with the city agencies that monitor the family. But when that monthly check arrives, Supreme and Chanel do not think about abstractions like “responsibility” and “self-reliance.” They lose themselves in the delirium that a round of ice creams brings.

They feel the sudden, exquisite release born of wearing those gold fronts again of appearing like a person who has rather than a person who lacks. The next day, Dasani goes to school wearing her new Cookie’s boots. Feeling amped, she gets into a verbal spat with some boys in gym class and must spend her lunch hour in private equity phd thesis, the principal’s office. Miss Holmes glowers at Dasani, who tries to leaven the mood by bragging about how to end a essay, her place on the honor roll. The principal is unmoved. Dasani still has a B average. “I want the help, highest end of the end a reflective, honor roll,” Miss Holmes says. Private? “I want more. You have to want more, too.” Dasani stares at how to essay her tray. The discussion returns to her behavior in gym class. “While we care for you, we’re not going to take any crap,” Miss Holmes says. “You understand?”

Trying not to cry, Dasani examines her food a slice of cheese pizza, chocolate milk, a red apple. She wrinkles her nose. Miss Holmes has seen it before, the child too proud to show hunger. “Can you hurry up?” Miss Holmes says. “The drama with the essay, pizza is end a personal, not working for me.” “I’ll feed you,” Miss Holmes says. “I will feed you. You don’t think I’ll feed you? Bring the tray.” Dasani slowly lifts the pizza slice to her mouth, cracking a smile.

Miss Holmes has seen plenty of statements, distressed children, but few have both the depth of Dasani’s troubles and end a reflective essay, the height of alexandra kimball, her promise. There is not much Miss Holmes can do about how to end a personal reflective essay, life outside school. She knows this is a child who needs a sponsor, who “needs to essay on the teacher in the see ‘The Nutcracker,’” who needs her own computer. Personal Reflective Essay? There are many such children. Here at school, Miss Holmes must work with what she has. “Apples are very good for you,” she says, smiling. Help? “Bananas are, too.” When Dasani is finished, she brings her empty tray to the principal for reflective, inspection.

Miss Holmes gestures at Dasani’s milk-stained mouth. T he tree is covered in kimball, Christmas lights that mask the lack of ornaments. #9632; The children gather around it inside a dilapidated, two-story rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn the closest thing they have to a home. It belongs to Chanel’s ailing godmother, Sherry, whom the children call Grandma. Sherry’s day care center once occupied the first floor, where fading decals of Bambi now share space with empty liquor bottles. Chanel’s two unemployed brothers, 22-year-old Josh and 39-year-old Lamont, stay in the dark, musty basement. When the children visit, they spend most of end a essay, their time upstairs, sleeping on homework help a drafty wooden floor beneath a Roman-numeral clock that is permanently stopped at personal reflective 2:47. Sherry’s electricity has been cut, but the tree remains lit and the heat stays on, via a cable illicitly connected to a neighbor’s power supply. Christmas gifts are scarce: coloring books, a train set, stick-on tattoos, one doll for each girl. A few nights later, the children are roused by shouts and a loud crash. Uncle Josh has punched his hand through a window and alexandra essay, is threatening to kill Uncle Lamont. Josh lunges at end a reflective essay his brother with a knife.

The men tumble to the floor as Chanel throws herself between them. Greatest Teacher World? Upstairs, the end a reflective, children cower and thesis statements for elementary, scream. Dasani calls out orders: “Nobody move! Let the adults handle it!” Sirens rattle the block. How To End A Reflective Essay? Josh is taken away in handcuffs as an ambulance races Lamont to the hospital with a battered eye. They had been fighting over a teenage girl. January brings relief, but not because of the new year.

It is the essay, start of tax season, when Dasani’s parents and everyone they seem to know rush to end a reflective essay file for the earned-income tax credit, a kind of bonanza for the poor. Their tax refunds can bring several thousand dollars, which could be enough to put down a rent deposit and private equity phd thesis, leave the shelter. On Jan. 7, the family heads to Manhattan for a rare outing. They take the Q train, which barrels high across the East River. Reflective? The city’s lights shimmer, making Chanel think of opportunity. They will start looking for a home soon, she says.

“I wanna go somewhere where it’s quiet,” Dasani says. “I wanna go somewhere where there’s trees,” Chanel says. Ib Criteria? “I just wanna see a bunch of trees and how to reflective, grass.” “Daddy say that he gonna buy this house with a lot of land with grass,” Dasani says, “so that each of us would get a part, so that you can do whatever you want with that part of the land.” Supreme sits far-off, listening to music on his phone. Thesis For Elementary Students? Baby Lele wails. Suddenly, Chanel spots Chinatown. Personal? The children squeal.

Dasani mentions a book she read about the Great Wall of China. “That’s not this town,” Chanel says. “It’s a big wall though,” Dasani says. “That’s the real Chinatown,” Chanel says. “This is the New York Chinatown, where they got Chinese people in Popeyes.” Dasani presses her forehead against the window and cups her hands around her eyes, as if preserving the view for herself. O pportunity comes rarely, but Dasani is always waiting. She wakes early on essay on the greatest teacher world Jan. 18, hours in advance of a track competition known for rescuing girls from the ghetto. #9632; She has no running shoes, just a pair of imitation Converses.

She is unknown in how to reflective, the rarefied world of athletic recruiters and private coaches. But ask anyone in her small corner of Brooklyn, from the ib criteria, crossing guards to the drunks, and personal reflective essay, they will say two things about thesis students, this tiny girl with the wayward braids: She is strong like a boy and personal reflective, can run like the private equity phd thesis, wind. Dasani heads out in the icy cold with her mother and two of her sisters. They walk a mile before arriving at the manicured grounds of the how to reflective essay, Pratt Institute in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Clinton Hill, which is hosting the Colgate Women’s Games. The amateur track and field series is alexandra, a magnet for personal reflective essay, athletic recruiters, and tok essay ib criteria, some of its champions have gone as far as the how to end a personal, Olympics. Dasani will compete in the 200-meter dash. She heads to the bathroom to change. “She got shorts to put on?” one of the organizers asks. Dasani reaches for her leggings. “Those are the sneakers?” the ib criteria, woman frowns.

Wearing no socks, Dasani ties her rainbow laces and personal reflective essay, walks to the track. When her number is essay teacher world, called, she takes her place among four other girls. The blank fires and reflective, she is off, ahead of the pack. Win, Dasani tells herself. Win. At the first bend, she trips and essay on the greatest in the world, falls behind. By the second turn, Dasani has caught up with the lead runner. They are in a dead heat for the finish line.

Dasani comes in how to end a personal reflective, second. It hardly matters that her time is statements for elementary students, insufficient to make it past the preliminaries. End A Personal Essay? They leave the stadium feeling euphoric. “My baby’s going to the Olympics,” Chanel crows. Tok Essay Ib Criteria? As they walk west along Willoughby Avenue, they talk of finding a trainer. Chanel starts singing her favorite Luther Vandross song, “A House Is Not a Home.” The girls have heard it enough times to how to reflective sing along. A chair is still a chair. Even when there’s no one sittin’ there. But a chair is not a house. And a house is not a home.

When there’s no one there. to hold you tight. They turn north on Carlton Avenue, passing a renovated brick townhouse with sleek, metal window frames. A skinny brunette is alexandra kimball essay, unloading her station wagon. Personal Reflective? At the sight of Dasani’s family, she freezes. Essay? She smiles nervously and moves slowly to end a reflective her car, grabbing an infant from the car seat. The mood shifts. “She thinks we gonna jump her,” Chanel says as she keeps walking. Homework Help? The shelter is only three blocks away.

“Why do they feel like they’re so apart? She’s just two steps away from us. End A Essay? If you got jumped out here, a black man would be the first to save your ass. That’s what I feel like telling her.” When they reach Myrtle Avenue, Chanel goes searching for a beer at for comparison her favorite corner store. Dasani trails her. Inside, the short-order cook, a Mexican girl, stares at how to end a reflective essay Chanel suspiciously. “You so nice, that’s why I see you,” the girl responds cockily.

“You better watch that grill,” Chanel says. “I don’t want to scare you.” “You think you scare me?” the girl yells. “Let’s fight right now!” Chanel shouts. “Wait for me outside!” the for comparison essay, girl calls back. Chanel moves toward her, reaching for end a personal reflective, a mop. The owner, Salim, races toward Chanel. “I’ll crack her with a stick!” Chanel yells as Salim holds her back. Dasani is alexandra kimball essay, frozen. “I’ma wait for how to, your ass when you come out,” Chanel says. “What time she get off?” “You run your mouth,” Salim says, gently leading Chanel away, as he has done before. As they leave, Dasani turns to the cook.

“She gonna knock you stupid, Chinese lady,” Dasani says. “Don’t use those words,” Salim cries out. Alexandra Kimball Essay? “You’re not supposed to turn out like your mother.” The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. Personal Reflective Essay? The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and in the, her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. Andrea Elliott Talks to Chanel About Interviewing.

G racie Mansion is something of an oddity. In a city with a 2 percent vacancy rate and a shortage of public housing, the mayoral residence sits uninhabited on 11 pristine acres of the Upper East Side. How To End A Personal Essay? #9632; It has been more than a decade since Mayor Michael R. Thesis Statements Students? Bloomberg chose to remain in his opulent townhouse, consigning Gracie Mansion to the status of a museum and venue for civic events. Dasani knows none of these particulars when she steps through Gracie’s doors on a school trip in February. How To? She is kimball essay, looking for the mayor. She wants to see him up close, this mysterious “Wizard of Oz” figure who makes decisions about how to reflective essay, her life from behind a curtain of political power.

It never occurs to Dasani that the mayor does not live there. Who could have a mansion and not live in it? “Look at that fireplace!” she marvels as her classmates step into the parlor where Mr. Bloomberg has given news conferences. The tour guide, a woman wearing gold-clasp earrings and tangerine lipstick, moves the children along, reminding them not to essay on the greatest in the touch. They shuffle into how to end a the library. Still no mayor. Dasani scans for clues like the alexandra essay, F.B.I. agents of her favorite television show, “Criminal Minds.” She inspects a telephone. “His last call was at 11:15,” she whispers.

The tour guide opens French doors onto the veranda where New York’s mayors have entertained dignitaries from around the world. End A Personal Reflective? “It’s a very gracious way of living,” she says. “Very elegant.” What impresses Dasani most are not the architectural details or the gold-bound volumes of Chaucer and kimball, Tolstoy, but the astonishing lack of dust. She runs her hand lightly over how to personal the top of a Steinway piano. “I tell you,” she says. “This house is clean.” Dasani was still an infant when Mr. Bloomberg took office in 2002. Homework Help Ks3 Re? Declaring Gracie Mansion “the people’s house,” he gathered $7 million in private donations much of end a personal, it his own money to rehabilitate the pale yellow 18th-century home, which overlooks the quotes for comparison essay, East River. How To End A Essay? In came new plumbing, floors, lighting and ventilation, along with exquisite touches like an 1820s chandelier and quotes, a four-poster mahogany bed. Facing that same river, six miles away on the opposite side, is the Auburn Family Residence, the squalid city-run homeless shelter where Dasani has lived for how to end a personal, more than two years. She shares a crowded, mouse-infested room with her parents and seven siblings, who sleep doubled up on torn mattresses.

Dasani spends her days in the care of another city institution: her public school in Fort Greene, Brooklyn. The Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts has suffered its own troubles under the Bloomberg administration: a shrinking budget and fewer teachers. Dasani shuttles between Auburn and McKinney, just two blocks apart. They form the core of thesis for elementary, her life and the bedrock of personal reflective essay, her future, one that is in ib criteria, peril. Adults who are homeless often speak of feeling “stuck.” For children, the experience is more like a free-fall. With each passing month, they slip further back in end a reflective essay, every category known to predict long-term well-being. They are less likely to graduate from the schools that anchor them, and more likely to end up like their parents, their lives circumscribed by tok essay ib criteria, teenage pregnancy or shortened by crime and illness. In the absence of end a personal reflective essay, a steady home or a reliable parent, public institutions have an outsize influence on the destiny of children like Dasani. Whether she can transcend her circumstances rests greatly on the role, however big or small, that society opts to play in her life. The question of help, public responsibility has gained urgency in recent decades.

By the time Mr. Bloomberg was elected, children made up 40 percent of shelter residents. “We’re not walking away from taking care of the homeless,” the mayor said early on. “I have a responsibility, the city has a responsibility, to make sure that the facilities we provide are up to some standards.” The Bloomberg administration set out to revamp the how to personal essay, shelter system, creating 7,500 units of essay on the greatest teacher, temporary housing, a database to track the shelter population and a program intended to prevent homelessness with counseling, job training and short-term financial aid. The new system also made it harder for families to be found eligible for shelter. For a time, the numbers went down. But in the wake of profound policy changes and a spiraling economy, more children wound up in shelters than at any time since the creation of the shelter system in the early 1980s.

While the Bloomberg administration spent $5 billion on shelter services, the conditions at Auburn remained grim. Dasani and her siblings have grown numb to life at the shelter, where knife fights break out and crack pipes are left on reflective the bathroom floor. In the private phd thesis, words of their mother, they have “become the place.” She has a verb for it: shelternized. For Dasani, school is everything the provider of meals, on-the-spot nursing care, security and substitute parenting. On the Gracie trip, Dasani wears the Nautica coat donated by a school security guard and matching white gloves bestowed to her that morning by the principal. A school like McKinney can also provide a bridge to the wider world.

It does not matter that Dasani’s entire sixth grade must walk a mile to how to end a personal reflective essay the subway in icy winds, take two trains, then walk another 10 minutes before arriving. This round-trip journey, which occupies much of the day, is a welcome escape. As Dasani leaves Gracie that afternoon, she refastens her neon-pink snow hat. She has given up on the mayor. “He lives somewhere else,” she says, waving an students, arm along East End Avenue before heading back to the subway. T here is end a personal, no sign announcing the shelter at 39 Auburn Place, which rises over the neighboring Walt Whitman Houses like an accidental fortress. Its stately, neo-Georgian exterior hints at the shelter’s former life as a city hospital. Two sweeping sycamores shade the entrance, where smokers linger under brick arches, flicking cigarette ashes onto an empty, untended lawn. A concrete walkway leads to the heavily guarded front door, where residents pass through a metal detector and their bags are searched for forbidden objects like canned food, hair dryers and irons. Visitors are restricted to the bleak lobby.

Upstairs, cries and laughter echo along the dim corridors that Dasani’s legally blind sister, Nijai, has learned to feel her way around. The shelter is quotes, ill equipped to handle the needs of its numerous disabled residents, among them premature infants and severely autistic children. Yet the manual given to incoming families boasts a “full complement of professional and end a personal reflective essay, support personnel” who are “available to assist you 24 hours a day, seven days per week.” The booklet guarantees residents “protection from harm” and “the right to live in a secure, safe facility.” A starkly different Auburn the one to which Dasani is witness emerges from stacks of handwritten complaints, calls to 911, internal staff reports and thesis statements for elementary, dozens of inspections over the last decade. Reflective Essay? It is less a haven than a purgatory. There is the 12-year-old boy who writes, on Oct. 29, 2012, that a female resident touched “my private area and I didn’t like it.” His mother also files a complaint, saying the woman was showing pornography to children. The police are never notified. Nor do they hear about a 15-year-old girl who says she was sexually assaulted by a security guard one year earlier. The complaint, written by her mother in Spanish, never appears to have been translated. The pleas of a 12-year-old girl that same month also go unreported to alexandra essay the police.

She writes of a man who exposes his genitals in a girls’ bathroom, making her too afraid to how to essay go back without a parent: “I am still scared that someone will come in.” It stands to reason that the private phd thesis, complaints of children would be ignored, given how often the warnings of inspectors go nowhere. Over the last decade, city and state inspectors have cited Auburn for more than 400 violations many of them repeated including for inadequate child care, faulty fire protection, insufficient heat, spoiled food, broken elevators, nonfunctioning bathrooms and the presence of end a personal, mice, roaches, mold, bedbugs, lead and asbestos. Dasani can pick out the inspectors by their clipboards and focused expressions. They work for the State Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance, which supervises homeless housing around the state. Given that Auburn is partly funded by the state, these inspectors should presumably hold sway. Year after year, their reports read like a series of unheeded alarms. Responses by the city’s Department of quotes for comparison essay, Homeless Services attribute Auburn’s violations to a lack of money. To the state’s complaint, in 2003, that only one staff member is tending to 177 school-age children in how to end a personal reflective, the shelter’s recreation room, the agency responds: “We lack resources for teenagers!” Auburn’s children have yet to quotes essay assume their parents’ air of defeat. How To End A Personal Reflective Essay? The children’s complaints recount their fear or discomfort as reason enough for essay, action.

The adults write as if no one is listening. Many sound like the parent in April 2012 who has spotted a dead mouse in the cafeteria and asks a janitor to remove it. The next day, the mouse is still there. How To Personal Reflective? “A child could have touched it,” the parent recounts telling the janitor, to which the janitor laughs and responds, “Well then you should have cleaned it up.” There is no place on the inspection forms for the most common complaint: the disrespect accorded to residents by essay, the shelter staff. Were there such a box to check, it could never capture how these encounters reverberate for days, reinforcing the rock-bottom failure that Auburn represents. Even egregious incidents are sometimes mentioned in passing.

One mother summarizes her grievance, at the top of the form, as “All of my belongs went in garbbage.” In explaining how her possessions were discarded, she mentions, tangentially, that her caseworker had “groped” her. She ends the end a reflective, complaint on a conciliatory note: “Peace.” The signature at phd thesis the bottom belongs to Dasani’s mother, Chanel. After she filed the complaint in September 2011, the worker was taken off her case, but kept his job and recently got a raise. Chanel never told Dasani, for fear of passing on the shame she feels whenever she sees the man. Like most children, Dasani absorbs more than her mother would like. End A Personal? She can see how the quotes, shelter shrinks Chanel’s self-regard. Dasani is there when the guards rip through her mother’s carefully folded laundry in how to end a reflective essay, the name of “inspection,” or when a caseworker dresses her down like a cheeky adolescent. “Sometimes it feels like, ‘Why you guys messin’ with my mom?’” Chanel is not the first woman to encounter sexual advances by an Auburn employee. Another resident complains that a security guard is “having sex with clients in the restrooms and in his black Dodge Charger.” A 2012 letter by state inspectors to the Department of Homeless Services mentions a security supervisor and guards having “improper sexual contact” with a resident. This environment is especially punishing considering that some of Auburn’s women have fled violent men.

After a caseworker touched his 46-year-old client on the breast in February 2012, another male employee smiled at her the quotes essay, next day and asked “if I was being good,” she wrote in end a personal essay, a complaint, adding, “I walk around every day feeling violated.” Auburn initially suspended the caseworker, Kenneth Durieux, for 30 days. But he kept his job for nearly a year, even after the police charged him with sexual abuse. Thesis Statements For Elementary Students? He was dismissed last January, before pleading guilty to forcible touching. Just this year, there have been some 350 calls to 911 from the shelter including 24 reported assaults, four calls about how to end a personal reflective, possible child abuse and one reporting a rape. City officials declined to help ks3 re comment on the reports of sexual abuse. They attribute other lapses to the building’s aging infrastructure, saying plans are in the works for an upgraded fire safety system, bathrooms and enhanced security. Since Mr. Bloomberg took office, the city has spent nearly $10 million on repairs and renovations at Auburn.

In the past decade, Auburn’s directors have fared well, receiving raises even as the shelter’s problems persisted. One former director, Susan Nayowith, was promoted to head of client advocacy at the Department of Homeless Services. These kinds of facts are lost on how to end a reflective essay the shelter’s children, who see only what is before them like the Swedish meatballs that come frozen in prepackaged trays or the essay, Cheerios served one night for how to personal, dinner. And then there are the elevators, which frequently break down. Even when they are working, children cannot ride them unless accompanied by an adult. A month before the trip to Gracie Mansion, when Dasani’s sister Avianna walks into the shelter gasping from an phd thesis, asthma attack, a guard refuses to take her up in the elevator.

Dasani lifts her wheezing sister, twice her girth, and carries her up four flights of stairs to their room. Six months later, it will be Dasani who falls gravely ill when the end a, elevators are broken. Thesis Statements For Elementary? She rocks and vomits bile one evening, trying to distract herself by watching television. At 3:02 a.m., Chanel calls 911. She helps Dasani down four sets of end a personal, stairs before she collapses on a row of chairs in the lobby. There is no ambulance, so Chanel calls again. Tok Essay Ib Criteria? One of the guards gets nervous, making a third call to report that the child “is in severe abdominal pain.” Two more calls are placed. At 4:02 a.m., a full hour later, an ambulance finally arrives to take Dasani to Brooklyn Hospital Center, where her doctor asks what she last ate. End A Personal Reflective Essay? Her answer: a shelter dinner of spinach lasagna. In the years that Dasani has lived in Room 449, city and state inspectors have cited at least 13 violations there, including the presence of roaches, mice and a lead paint hazard. Yet when Auburn’s staff members conduct their own inspections of essay greatest world, 449, they focus on the family’s transgressions.

The room is reflective, found to essay teacher in the world be chaotic and insufficiently clean. There are few mentions of Auburn’s own lapses the absence of dividers for personal, privacy or assistance with permanent housing. Instead, inspectors focus on the family’s forbidden turtle or hidden microwave. Dasani finds this curious: “They not talking about putting us in a house; they looking for a microwave that don’t work.” Lately, it is the family’s sink, with its rotting wall and leaky pipe, that fails to get fixed.

For weeks, the quotes, pipe drips through the how to end a reflective essay, night. Finally, Dasani is fed up. She crouches down and examines the pipe as her siblings watch. “Nobody thought about pushing it in and twisting it,” she says in her cocksure manner. A few quick jerks and she triumphs. The children squeal. It goes unremarked that here, in this shelter with a $9 million annual budget, operated by an agency with more than 100 times those funds, the students, plumbing has fallen to an 11-year-old girl. D asani’s homeroom at McKinney is a cozy haven of book-lined shelves and inspirational words scrawled in end a personal essay, chalk, like “Success does not come without sacrifice and struggle.” #9632; Every morning, she quietly tucks her coat and backpack in the classroom closet, a precious ritual for essay on the in the, a girl who has no other closet. She then slips into how to end a personal reflective essay her small wooden desk, opposite her humanities teacher, Faith Hester. Miss Hester can best be described as electric. Alexandra Kimball? She paces the room, throwing her arms in the air as her booming voice travels along McKinney’s hallways.

Long after she gave up dreams of acting, her class is the stage and end a personal reflective, her students, a rapt audience. Sometimes she arrives in an Audrey Hepburn updo; other days, she dons the brightly patterned prints procured in Senegal on a trip to “learn the truth about homework ks3 re, my motherland.” She favors expressions like “Oh my gooney goo hoo!” and “Okie pokie dokie shmokie!” If a student is stumped, she will break into improvised song, with the class soon chanting along: “I know you know it!” clap, clap “I know you know it!” clap, clap. Miss Hester knows that students learn when they get excited.

It bothers her that McKinney lacks the how to personal reflective, sophisticated equipment of other public schools. Ib Criteria? She shelled out more than $1,000 of her own money, as a single mother, to give her classroom a projector and document camera. When Miss Hester looks around her classroom, she sees a glimpse of her younger self. She was raised by end a personal essay, a single mother in the Marcy projects of Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, a monotonous spread of private, 27 brick buildings with the singular distinction of being where Jay-Z grew up. How To Reflective Essay? She could never quite numb herself, like other children did, to the addicts shooting up in the elevator or the dead bodies on gurneys. Tok Essay? Her salvation came at church and school. In 1979, Miss Hester was one of the first black students to be bused from how to end a reflective, Marcy to on the greatest teacher world the predominantly white Edward R. How To End A Reflective Essay? Murrow High School in Midwood, Brooklyn. Essay? Outside, children would chase after her, yelling, “Go back to how to end a reflective your neighborhood!” Inside the school, she applied herself fastidiously. A teacher made all the difference, guiding her to college applications. She was only 16 when she graduated, bound for quotes for comparison essay, SUNY Cortland. Thirty-three years and how to end a reflective, two master’s degrees later, it is essay, Miss Hester who searches for the student in need of reflective, saving.

She sees promise in thesis statements students, Dasani, who landed on the honor roll last fall. But lately, she is skipping homework and arriving moody and tired, if she makes it to personal reflective essay school at all. New York’s homeless children have an abysmal average attendance rate of quotes, 82 percent, well below what is typically needed to essay advance to the next grade. Since the start of the school year, Dasani has already missed a week of class and arrived late 13 times. Her attendance is being closely tracked by a social worker in the school whose nonprofit organization, Partnership With Children, offers counseling and other services to some of the city’s most vulnerable students. Miss Hester told Partnership about Dasani. She saw no point in turning to the school’s guidance counselor or psychologist, who serves two other schools.

They jump from crisis to kimball essay crisis, like E.R. doctors in triage, treating problems that have become acute or irreversible. Prevention is a luxury reserved for schools with enough counselors. In their absence, McKinney turns to Partnership, which has weathered its own post-recession budget cuts and how to end a personal, layoffs. Graduate students are filling in as interns. This is how Dasani finds herself sitting across from Roxanne, who is pursuing a master’s degree in social work at Fordham University. She has been assigned to lead one-on-one counseling sessions with Dasani. Dasani has never had a counselor. They meet once a week, passing the time playing Mancala as Roxanne tries to draw Dasani out, which proves far more difficult than any board game. Dasani knows how to deflect questions with humor, avoiding talk about her family and the shelter. She is also studying Roxanne.

There is something soft about this Minnesota native, who uses words like “sweetie” and melts into giggles. Homework? Dasani is puzzled by Roxanne’s attire the end a personal, rumpled shirts and distressed boots that pass for phd thesis, hip in other Brooklyn quarters. Nothing she wears seems to match, and end a, yet her clothes are spotless. This leads Dasani to conclude that Roxanne lives in a clean, suburban home like the kind shown on “Criminal Minds,” where detectives search for murder clues. It is not the murders themselves that intrigue Dasani so much as the enormous, orderly closets of the crime scenes closets big enough to live in. Miss Hester wonders about these counseling sessions. She finds Roxanne bright and devoted, but worries that Dasani will run circles around the equity phd thesis, intern, whose overriding quality is sweetness.

B ack at the shelter, Dasani spends countless hours with her siblings playing games on end a reflective essay a Nintendo Wii. #9632; If Dasani could design her own video game, she would call it “Live or Die.” The protagonist would be an 11-year-old girl fighting for her own salvation. In the first round, she confronts the easy villains her chores scrambling to bathe, dress and feed her siblings. She cannot find Baby Lele, who is crying. The baby’s tears turn into lethal rocks that fall from the sky, which the essay on the greatest in the world, girl must dodge. Next, she encounters her parents battling social workers in the guise of end a essay, angry pirates. Chanel tosses magical powers to the girl, who defeats the pirates, melting them to the ground. In the third round, she goes to school, finding danger and deliverance. Her math teacher is a supervillain whose weapon is numbers. “Ten” turns into 10 charging porcupines.

Down the hall, the girl must rescue Miss Hester from homework ks3 re, giant, rolling cans. “If she dies, all the reflective, kids die, too.” Finally, the girl faces off against her longtime rival from the projects, a purple hulk who picks up cars and hurls them. If the ib criteria, girl survives, she reaches the queen the principal, Paula Holmes who decides her future. Winning brings the prize of a new house. Losing means returning to the shelter, “which is how to end a personal reflective essay, death.” “My goal is to make it to the end, but I keep dying,” Dasani says. It is easier for Dasani to think of Auburn as the homework help ks3 re, worst possible outcome because the how to end a personal reflective, alternative winding up on homework help ks3 re the street is unfathomable. She knows that if she and her siblings were to how to end a personal essay lose the shelter, they might land in foster care, losing one another. So as bad as it is, the private phd thesis, children try to make the place their own. End A Reflective? When the lights are on, their room is flatly fluorescent, which prompts them to climb a dresser, remove the plastic lamp cover from the greatest in the, ceiling and color it in with crayons the shades of a rainbow. When the end a reflective, lights are off, the room assumes a gray aura not unlike, Dasani imagines, the hospital ward it once was. “This was where they put the crazies,” she declares, citing as proof a rusted intercom by on the greatest teacher, the door.

The communal bathroom closest to Dasani is, indeed, reminiscent of “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.” Tiled in steely green, its centerpiece is an old, industrial bathtub with no partition. A limp plastic curtain divides the sole shower from the rest of the bathroom, which is marked by vulgar graffiti and shared by end a personal, dozens of women and girls, though men sometimes intrude. The floor is filthy. Quotes For Comparison? The children routinely wipe it down with bleach stolen from the janitors, as residents are forbidden to bring the cleaning solvent into Auburn. A changing table hangs off its hinge, pointing to the floor like a slide. At night, the children hear noises. They are sure Auburn is haunted. Five-year-old Papa calls the ghost in their room “I-it.” When it is dark, they are far too afraid to use the bathroom, so they relieve themselves in a bucket. Yet that bathroom has become Dasani’s makeshift sanctuary. How To End A Essay? She practices hip-hop routines across the floor. She sits alone in the toilet stall, the lid closed beneath her.

Sometimes she reads, or just closes her eyes. Her mind feels crowded anywhere else. Lately, she is worried about her mother, who has been summoned on Feb. 13 to an urgent meeting at the Administration for quotes, Children’s Services, the how to end a personal reflective essay, agency tasked with protecting the for comparison, children. Photographs of end a personal reflective, smiling children line the walls of the agency’s lobby in Bedford-Stuyvesant, where Chanel is greeted by private equity, her caseworker, who uses the nickname “Mr. James.” “We’re not having this meeting because we want to end a essay take your kids away,” he says cheerfully. Tok Essay? “We’re having this meeting because we want you to move to an apartment.” Chanel stares at him. “Why don’t you ever tell my lawyer about personal reflective essay, these meetings?” she asks, even though she cannot recall the students, name of the last public defender to end a represent her. “You don’t need a lawyer to statements attend an A.C.S. meeting,” he responds. They ride the elevator up to a conference room, where Chanel is jarred to find the director of Auburn, Derrick Aiken, waiting.

He is there to issue a warning: If Chanel and her husband, Supreme, do not comply with the Department of Homeless Services’ requirements, the family may be forced to leave the shelter system. At issue is their public assistance case, which has closed because Supreme failed to report to a job placement program, one of how to end a personal reflective, dozens of for elementary students, such lapses in the past decade. How To Personal Reflective Essay? Currently, the family receives only food stamps and quotes essay, survivor benefits. An open public assistance case allows the agency to be reimbursed with federal funds, while also making the family eligible for child care and job training the how to personal reflective, kind of supports that could help in finding a home. But the problem for Chanel and thesis for elementary students, Supreme comes down to how to personal reflective basic math: Even with two full-time jobs, on alexandra kimball minimum wage, they would have combined salaries of only $2,300 per month just enough to cover the average rent for personal essay, a studio in thesis, Brooklyn. New York, it often strikes Chanel, has no place for the poor. Auburn offers plenty of how to end a reflective, proof.

Residents like Jenedra, a home health aide, and her daughter, who works at tok essay a Pinkberry in Park Slope, Brooklyn, cannot afford city prices. The gap between income and how to reflective essay, housing costs was widening when Mayor Bloomberg took office in 2002. The homeless population was also growing. For decades, the city had tried to stem the numbers by kimball, giving homeless families priority access to public housing, Section 8 vouchers and subsidized city apartments. While the policy was in how to end a reflective, place, only 11.5 percent of the families returned to shelters within five years. To Mr.

Bloomberg, priority referrals were an incentive to enter the shelter system. “Our own policies needlessly encourage entry and quotes for comparison essay, prolong dependence on shelters,” he said in end a reflective essay, 2004. Mr. Ib Criteria? Bloomberg’s approach to homelessness mirrored his views on poverty at how to end a reflective essay large. The mayor’s best-known effort was the Center for Economic Opportunity, which spent $662 million on poverty prevention programs that emphasized education and job training as a means to self-reliance. In line with that agenda, the homework ks3 re, mayor ended the how to end a personal reflective, priority-referrals policy in November 2004. Essay In The? Instead, the city began offering homeless families time-limited rental assistance, including through a program called Advantage. Yet more than a quarter of them wound up back in essay, shelters once their subsidies ran out. Among them was Dasani’s family. After their $1,481 rent subsidy expired in essay teacher in the, 2010, they returned to a shelter system that spends roughly $3,000 per month on every family. It would end up costing the city $400,000 to house Dasani’s family over a decade.

In 2011, Mr. Bloomberg ended Advantage after the state withdrew its funding. Six months later, the city’s homeless population hit a record that included more than 16,000 children, many of whom had been homeless before. These children have come to how to reflective be known, among the city’s homeless advocates, as “the lost generation.” D asani is well versed in city politics, but not because she follows the news. She is simply forced to alexandra kimball essay notice what other children miss. #9632; When Mr. Bloomberg tried to ban the sale of large, sugary drinks, Dasani began calculating what two sodas would cost in place of the how to reflective, supersize cup that, in her family, is typically passed among eight small mouths. Now it is the citywide bus strike that has called Dasani’s attention, by virtue of the fact that she must walk three of tok essay, her younger siblings to school.

It is no small feat to end a personal reflective essay corral Papa, Hada and Maya, who form a tempestuous gaggle of untied shoelaces, short tempers and yogurt-stained mouths. Dasani shepherds them five long blocks to Public School 287, stepping around used condoms and empty beer cans. “Double up!” she yells in the manner of her mother. The children go silent and reach for each other’s hands, waiting for tok essay, the traffic to pause. Suddenly, they dash like spirits across the six-lane street that runs under the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway. The strike has worn on for a month when, on how to end a essay Valentine’s Day, Dasani stops into a corner store outside McKinney. She scans the aisles before settling on quotes an iced honey bun, a bag of how to, nacho-flavored sunflower seeds and some red gummy bears a rare $3 breakfast earned as part of her allowance for watching Baby Lele all weekend. She glides into class only a few minutes late.

Today’s lesson is kimball essay, about context clues, in preparation for standardized tests that are coming. “You come across an unfamiliar word,” Miss Hester explains. End A Reflective Essay? “You look at the surrounding words and ideas and you unpack that word.” The theatrics begin. “Flabbergasted,” she says. “I was flabbergasted when I found a million dollars in homework help ks3 re, my purse.” The class erupts in laughter. “A million dollars!” Miss Hester hoots. “I know that that’s a lot of money. How To End A Personal? And it’s in my purse. Help? And I’m supposed to be broke,” she says, batting her long lashes. “‘Flabbergasted’ means ‘delightfully surprised.’” Dasani is delightfully surprised whenever she is in Miss Hester’s presence. It does not matter that her mother finds the teacher “weird.” She makes Dasani want to learn. One can only imagine the heights Dasani might reach at a school like Packer Collegiate Institute, just 12 blocks west of the how to personal reflective, shelter.

Its campus has a theater with computerized lighting, “green” science labs and a menu offering chipotle lime tilapia and roasted herb chicken. Its middle school cultivates the on the in the world, interests of the “whole child,” for whom doors will open to the “public arenas of the world.” Packer’s students might learn something from Dasani, too. End A Personal Reflective? Parents from five private Brooklyn schools recently filed into on the greatest teacher in the world Packer, where tuition is over how to essay $35,000, to hear a clinical psychologist give a talk on how to raise “self-reliant, appreciative children in a nervous and essay teacher in the, entitled world.” That world is unlikely to end a reflective essay become Dasani’s. She is not the kind of private phd thesis, child to land a coveted scholarship to private school, which would require a parent with the personal essay, wherewithal to seek out such opportunities and see them through. For the same reason, Dasani does not belong to help New York’s fast-growing population of personal reflective essay, charter school students. In fact, the reverse is happening: a charter school is coming to McKinney. Approved last December by the Education Department, Success Academy Fort Greene will soon claim half of McKinney’s third floor. This kind of co-location arrangement has played out in schools across the city, stoking deep resentments in poor communities.

The guiding ethos of the charter school movement has been “choice” the power to thesis statements for elementary choose a school rather than capitulate to a flawed education system and a muscular teachers’ union. But in communities like McKinney’s, the experience can feel like a lack of choice. Dasani watched, wide-eyed, during a protest last December as McKinney’s parents and teachers held up signs comparing the co-location to apartheid. How To End A Essay? Charter schools, which are publicly funded but privately operated, serve fewer students with special needs, and are sometimes perceived as exclusive. A web posting for Success Academy Fort Greene does little to counter that notion. Parents, it says, “shouldn’t have to trek to other Brooklyn neighborhoods or spend $30,000+ on a private school in ks3 re, order to how to personal reflective find excellence and thesis statements students, rigor.”

By late February, Dasani’s grades have plummeted. On her wrist is a bite mark left by a classmate whom she had fought after the girl called her “musty.” The next day, Dasani lunges at a girl in gym class. End A Personal Essay? Miss Hester has had enough. “I’m really not happy with the way that you are victimizing others,” she says sternly. “I need it to stop immediately. Do you understand me?” She nods at Miss Hester, her eyes dropping.

For Dasani, school and life are indistinguishable. When school goes well, she is whole. When it goes poorly, she can’t compartmentalize like some students, who simply “focus” on their studies. It is a place to love or leave. Minutes later, Dasani is sitting in McKinney’s packed auditorium for an assembly on Black History Month. She hates Black History Month. “It’s always the same poems,” she says. The new honor roll is called out. Dasani’s name is missing.

It must be a mistake, she tells herself. But when she hears all the other names, the truth sinks in. She slumps in tok essay ib criteria, her chair as a group of boys takes the stage to recite Langston Hughes. What happens to a dream deferred? like a raisin in the sun?

Dasani knows this poem well. They read it every year. She stares blankly at the stage. Maybe it just sags. Like a heavy load. Or does it explode? The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and end a personal reflective, her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. O n the homework help ks3 re, Brooklyn block that is Dasani’s dominion, shoppers can buy a $3 malt liquor in an airless deli where food stamps are traded for cigarettes. Or they can cross the street for a $740 bottle of essay, chardonnay at an industrial wine shop accented with modern art. It is a sign outside that locale, Gnarly Vines, that catches Dasani’s notice one spring afternoon: “Wine Tasting Tonight 5-8.”

Dasani is hardly conversant in the subject of libations, but this much she knows: A little drink will take off her mother’s edge. Homework Help? Without further ado, Chanel heads into the wine shop on how to personal reflective essay Myrtle Avenue, trailed by four of her eight children. They are lugging two greasy boxes of pizza and in the world, a jumbo pack of diapers from how to end a reflective, Target. The cashier pauses. The sommelier smiles. “Wanna try a little rosé?” she asks brightly, pouring from a 2012 bottle of private, Mas de Gourgonnier. “I would describe it as definitely fruit forward at the beginning.”

Chanel polishes it. “Not refreshing,” Chanel says. “I just think dry.” “No, it’s very dry,” says the sommelier, a peppy blonde in wire-rim glasses. “It’s high acid, a little citrusy.” Chanel sticks out how to personal essay her tongue. She finds the woman’s choice of words unappetizing. To the side of the wine display is a large, silver vase that recalls the homework help ks3 re, family urn, prompting Chanel’s son Khaliq to ask if it contains the ashes of a dead person. “Oh my gosh, for cremation?” the sommelier asks, shaking her head. “We just use it for spitting in.” “For spitting?” Chanel says with horror.

“Yeah, it’s got rejected wine in it,” the sommelier says. Chanel scoffs. She might not like the wine, but she sees no reason to spit it out. She moves on to a Tuscan sangiovese. Ignoring the spectacle, Dasani scans the how to end a personal reflective essay, room, frowning at a sign on the wall: Liqueur. “They got liquor spelled wrong,” she yelps victoriously. Actually, the sommelier interjects, that is the tok essay, French word for end a essay, the delicate, liquid spirits derived from fruits such as pomegranates and raspberries. “But you’re very right,” she offers sweetly. “That is essay greatest teacher in the world, not how you spell liquor.” “Not the hood liquor,” Chanel says. D asani’s neighborhood is one of the most unequal pockets of essay, New York City, the essay, most unequal metropolis in America. #9632; Fort Greene occupies less than one square mile. On the map, its boundaries form the shape of a pitcher tilting at end a essay the northwestern edge of Brooklyn. Just north of Fort Greene Park are the projects and, among them, the homeless shelter where Dasani lives. Just south of the park are some of Brooklyn’s finest townhouses and cultural gems, including the Brooklyn Academy of Music, where theatergoers were lining up to see “Julius Caesar” on the day that Dasani led her mother to the wine shop.

If one thing distinguishes Dasani’s New York from kimball essay, that of her antecedents, it is a striking proximity to the wealth that eludes her. She routinely walks past a boho-chic boutique on Lafayette Avenue where calfskin boots command $845. How To? Heading north, she passes French bulldogs on leashes and infants riding like elevated genies in Uppababy strollers with shock-absorbing wheels. Three blocks away is an ice cream parlor where $6 buys two salted-caramel scoops. Like most children, Dasani is oblivious to homework the precise cost of such extravagances. How To Reflective Essay? She only knows that they are beyond her reach. Nor can this 11-year-old girl be expected to private grasp the subtle gradations of how to personal essay, Fort Greene’s elite, whose creative class feels pushed out of a neighborhood it once considered more gritty than tony. Dasani sees the chasms of Fort Greene more plainly, reasoning that wealth belongs to “the whites” because “they save their money and don’t spend it on drinking and ks3 re, smoking.” Such perceptions are fed by the contrasts of this neighborhood, where the top 5 percent of residents earn 76 times as much as the bottom quintile. Dasani spots addicts gathering outside a food pantry a block from $2 million brownstones. End A Personal? She notes that few people in the projects use the Citi Bikes stationed nearby.

The celebrated bike sharing program, unveiled this year, requires a credit or debit card for help, a $101 security deposit. Dasani also knows that not everyone in the projects is poor. Her Uncle Waverly, who lives in the Walt Whitman Houses across from her shelter, the Auburn Family Residence, works as a supervisor for the parks department and has a Lexus S.U.V. When he drives past Dasani and her siblings, he pretends not to know them. Dasani charts the patterns of end a reflective, Fort Greene Park by skin color.

The basketball courts are closest to the projects, drawing black children to that northwestern corner. On the rare occasion when Dasani ventures to the opposite quadrant, she sees white women sunbathing in bikinis or playing tennis near a water fountain outfitted for dogs. She never finds those women at alexandra kimball the nearby Bravo Supermarket for Values, where thieves are photographed in Polaroids that fill the end a personal reflective essay, store’s “Wall of Shame.” Wearing naked expressions, they are forced to pose with their stolen items things like Goya beans and Kraft cheese. A woman named Mary holds a can of ib criteria, tuna in a photograph titled “Catch of the how to personal reflective essay, Day.” Dasani is more likely to encounter shoppers of another stratum at for comparison the local Target, where they can save on items that for her family represent a splurge. Fort Greene’s two economies are an experiment born of meteoric gentrification. In the how to personal, last decade, the neighborhood has been remade, with the portion of thesis statements, white residents jumping by 80 percent as real estate prices more than doubled despite the end a personal reflective, recession.

Just the essay, word “gentrification” is personal reflective essay, remarkably divisive. It derives from the greatest world, Middle English word “gentrise,” which means “of noble descent.” The word has become shorthand for end a personal essay, an urban neighborhood where muggings are down and espresso is essay, roasted a place that has been “discovered,” as though no one had been living there. Dasani’s Fort Greene reaches deep into how to the last century. Her grandmother Joanie grew up in the Raymond V. Ingersoll Houses, next to the Walt Whitman Houses. Both projects opened in 1944, an era of New Deal reforms that gave rise to white flight and urban decay. Fort Greene, like other black areas, was redlined, allowing banks to thesis statements for elementary students disinvest and property values to plummet.

The neighborhood’s prospects started to change in 1978, after the city declared part of Fort Greene a historic district. By the time Dasani was born there in 2001, a billionaire was preparing to run for mayor. A year after taking office, Michael R. Bloomberg announced an ambitious redevelopment plan for Downtown Brooklyn. Fort Greene’s transformation came swiftly. Through aggressive rezoning and generous subsidies, the city drew developers who, in the span of three years, built 19 luxury buildings in the surrounding area that catered across racial lines to the educated elite. Dasani and how to end a personal reflective, her siblings routinely pass the Toren, a glistening, 38-story glass tower on Myrtle Avenue offering a 24-hour concierge, gymnasium, pool and students, movie theater. Essay? In June, a condominium there sold for $1.4 million. Just blocks away stand the Ingersoll and Whitman projects, which engulf Dasani’s shelter and, like Auburn, have fallen into disrepair. It is the juxtaposition of these neglected time capsules to Fort Greene’s luxury towers that seems to mock the neighborhood’s effort at ascension. On The Greatest In The? For the arriviste investor, the projects present a rude visual interruption, an inconvenient thing to walk around, but never through. For Dasani, these faded buildings hold a legacy so intricate and rich it could fill volumes were it ever told.

The homeless shelter where she lives is the very building where Grandma Joanie had been born, back when it was Cumberland Hospital. How To? Just across the way is the for comparison essay, fifth-story apartment where Joanie grew up, helping her own mother raise seven other children in how to personal reflective, the clasp of poverty. Three generations later, little has changed. Even as the fortunes of this neighborhood rose, Dasani’s matrilineal line, from her great-grandmother to her mother, has followed a trajectory of teenage pregnancy, addiction and violence. Fort Greene is now a marker. For one set of people, arriving signals triumph. For another, remaining means defeat. Dasani will do better, she tells herself. “People don’t go nowhere in private phd thesis, Brooklyn,” she says.

Chanel promises they will move this spring, after the tax refunds arrive. Yet as Dasani walks through her grandmother’s streets, it is end a essay, not with the sense of imminent departure so much as melancholic return. C hanel was 8 when she found her mother’s crack pipe in equity phd thesis, a jewelry box. She held it up to the light and end a reflective essay, showed it to for comparison essay her brother. #9632; We gonna toss it, he said. #9632; They opened the window and how to personal reflective, watched as the brown glass vial soared through the air, crashing onto the sidewalk. It was the mid-1980s, and crack had swept the kimball essay, streets of Brownsville, Brooklyn, where Chanel’s mother, Joanie, now lived. Chanel visited on weekends. The rest of the time, she stayed with her godmother, Sherry, who had been the common-law wife of end a reflective, Chanel’s father.

Chanel’s mother was his lover. Stranger things had happened in kimball essay, Brownsville, and now that Chanel’s father was dead, the two women made peace, despite their differences. Joanie relied on how to personal welfare to support her habit. Sherry ran a day care center and shunned drugs. “It was like two different people trying to raise one kid,” Chanel says.

At Sherry’s rowhouse in for comparison essay, East New York, Brooklyn, Chanel minded her chores and did her homework. At Joanie’s, the child watched dance parties meld into a predawn haze. Worried that Joanie would unduly influence Chanel, Sherry sent the 10-year-old girl to live with a relative in Pittsburgh and reflective essay, attend Catholic school. But Chanel longed for her birth mother and private equity phd thesis, began to act out. Within a few years, she returned to New York and moved in with Joanie. How To Personal Essay? They soon wound up in equity, a shelter in how to end a personal reflective essay, Queens, where both were exposed to tuberculosis. Over the for comparison essay, next few years, they drifted apart. Joanie turned her life around after President Bill Clinton signed legislation in 1996 to end “welfare as we know it,” placing time limits and work restrictions on recipients of government aid. She got clean and joined a welfare-to-work program, landing a $22,000-a-year job cleaning subway cars for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. “This is the happiest day of end a reflective essay, my life,” she told Chanel. By then, Chanel had dropped out of high school and essay greatest teacher in the, was addicted to crack. She had joined a sect of the violent Bloods gang, tattooing her street name, Lady Red, in curly letters across her right arm.

She was a regular in the crack dens of Bedford-Stuyvesant. Chanel first noticed white people in “the Stuy” after a snowstorm swept Brooklyn in the late 1990s. Out of nowhere, two cross-country skiers appeared along Franklin Avenue like “a pair of how to end a personal reflective essay, aliens.” She watched as the skiers coasted by, carving a trail through virgin snow. She sensed that Brooklyn was on the cusp of change. But she could not have imagined that just five blocks from that spot, people would one day line up to buy blood orange and hibiscus doughnuts at an artisanal shop called Dough. The first commercial signs of Brooklyn’s transition were simpler. In 2001, Chanel spotted a new brand of bottled water Dasani on the shelves of her corner store.

She was pregnant again, but unlike the private equity, miscarriages of her teens, this baby was surviving. Chanel needed a name. For a 23-year-old Brooklyn native who had spent summers cooling in the gush of hydrants, the name “Dasani” held a certain appeal. It sounded as special as Chanel’s name had sounded to her own mother, when she saw the perfume advertised in a magazine. Reflective Essay? It grasped at something better. Dasani was born on May 26 at Brooklyn Hospital Center in Fort Greene. The doll-faced infant weighed only 5 pounds 6 ounces.

She was strikingly alert and had, the help, nurse noted, a “vigorous cry.” Three days later, Chanel left her with Joanie and took off. Even as a baby, Dasani was awake to the world. She leaned out of her stroller and stared at passers-by, who called her “Batman eyes.” She was tiny, but never frail, and began walking at only 8 months. Chanel would surface from time to how to end a time, but Dasani latched on to Joanie. A year later, Chanel had a second daughter by essay, the same man, naming her Avianna, inspired by the more expensive brand of Evian water. Joanie had hit her limit, so Chanel turned to the city’s shelter system.

With both babies, she reported to how to reflective the Department of Homeless Services intake office in the Bronx. They were sent to 30 Hamilton Place, a family shelter in Harlem. Down the hall, a single father had moved in with his own two children. He called himself Supreme. Tok Essay Ib Criteria? He had sad, knowing eyes that made him look older than his 26 years. He never talked about the past. S upreme was born to how to end a personal essay heroin addicts in the Cypress Hills projects of essay on the, East New York.

By age 7, he knew how to personal essay shop with his mother’s food stamps and cook grits for his four younger siblings. When the pantry was empty, he made sugar sandwiches. He was 9 when he came upon the lifeless body of his baby sister. Ib Criteria? She had been left near the entrance of the projects, wrapped in how to personal reflective, a blanket. On The Greatest World? Supreme stroked her head and kept saying her name, Precious. “She didn’t wake up,” he says. Investigators for Child Protective Services thought the 2-year-old girl had swallowed sleeping pills, though the medical examiner concluded that she had died of sudden infant death syndrome. The father had left Precious alone when she died. When her mother found her, Supreme recalled, she panicked, leaving the girl’s body outside as she ran for help.

Later that day, the agency’s workers removed Supreme and his siblings from the home. For the next three years, Supreme bounced from foster care to group homes. He soon dropped out of school and left for North Carolina to join the crack trade. By 17, Supreme had a felony drug conviction and end a personal essay, was serving time at a maximum-security prison in for comparison essay, Walpole, Mass. It was there that he discovered the reflective, Five Percent Nation, a growing movement whose followers believe they are the chosen “5 percent” of humanity. The Five Percenters were shaping urban culture and music, while spreading the word that the quotes essay, black man is personal reflective, God. That message that God was within him filled Supreme with a sense of power over his destiny, one that until now had been steered by kimball essay, outsiders. Supreme left prison in 1997 with a high school equivalency diploma.

He married and end a personal reflective essay, moved to Washington, finding work as a barber. Six years later, his wife pregnant with their third child had a heart attack and fell down a flight of on the greatest in the world, stairs to end a essay her death. Chanel took pity on this solemn widower, who came to the shelter a few months after his wife’s passing. Dasani and Avianna were the exact same ages as his children. He seemed different from the other men. He was always reading, and had a way with words.

“I fell in love with his brains,” Chanel says. Two incomplete families soon became one. Chanel embraced the Five Percent, wrapping her head in phd thesis, a scarf and end a, vowing to stay off drugs. They married at essay on the greatest teacher in the the city clerk’s office on end a personal Feb. Homework Ks3 Re? 4, 2004. For Chanel, it was a moment of triumph.

Women in her family almost never married. “We were the product of split-up families,” she says. How To Essay? “We always wanted a big family. One family. Phd Thesis? One full family.” But Supreme and Chanel had a temperamental love. Their biggest fights led to how to personal essay brief separations, even as three more children were born. Chanel could not stay off drugs for long. When she gave birth to Papa in 2007, the hospital detected marijuana in his blood. In an instant, everything changed.

Chanel and Supreme were summoned to the Administration for Children’s Services office in Bedford-Stuyvesant the same brick building where Supreme had been escorted as a child. Standing there, in the lobby, the memory came rushing back. Ib Criteria? Supreme was 9 again, losing his sister, then his parents, then his other siblings, all in the course of a day. Soon his own children became accustomed to knocks at the door as the how to, agency’s caseworkers, responding to a handful of complaints about possible neglect, began to tok essay monitor the family. They inspected the children from head to toe, searching for signs of abuse. Dasani learned to spot a social worker on the street by the person’s bag (large enough to hold files).

She became expert at the complex psychic task of managing strangers of reading facial expressions and interpreting intonations, of personal essay, knowing when to say the right thing or to avoid the wrong one. “They can use that in a court of equity, law against the parent,” she says, back in the voice of “Criminal Minds.” “I love my parents. They’re tough, but I should not be taken away from them.” Dasani remained tethered to how to end a personal reflective essay Grandma Joanie, who had proudly kept her job as a sanitation worker. She now lived in a cozy apartment in alexandra kimball, Bedford-Stuyvesant.

On weekends, Joanie would fix the children B.L.T. sandwiches and meticulously braid their hair before snuggling up to watch Beyoncé videos. Dasani was Joanie’s favorite. With this child, Joanie could finally be a mother. With Joanie, Dasani could be a child. A few months shy of Dasani’s eighth birthday, Joanie fell gravely ill with leukemia. On March 7, 2008, she died in the same hospital where Dasani had been born.

She was 55. “Why she had to go away so quickly?” Dasani asks. At the funeral, mourners gasped as the tiny girl flung herself on the open coffin. Dasani kicked and wailed as Chanel tore her away. Joanie was cremated and her ashes placed in a black and silver urn that remained with Dasani’s family, accompanying them like a talisman. Her death brought a rebirth. Chanel inherited $49,000 of personal reflective, Joanie’s pension savings. At the ib criteria, time, the family had been renting a small apartment in how to end a reflective, East New York through a city program offering time-limited subsidies to the homeless. That month, the family’s subsidy expired.

Chanel’s inheritance saved them from homelessness. Months later, the city began a new rent subsidy program called Advantage. With its help, Chanel leased a duplex on Staten Island, and in summer 2008, boarded the Staten Island Ferry with Supreme and statements, the children. It was their first time on a boat. They raced to the back and leaned into the salty mist. Staten Island was quiet and reflective, green. In their new apartment on North Burgher Avenue, the children rolled around on the wall-to-wall carpet. There they lay, pressed together, that first night. It was their first real home.

The children’s euphoria steadily rose with that of their parents. “When they’re happy, I’m happy,” Dasani says. “When they’re sad, I’m sad. It’s like I have a connection, like I’m stuck to them like glue.” Chanel and Supreme talked giddily of starting a youth center that would teach the Five Percent ethos known as the “Five P’s”: proper planning prevents poor performance. Supreme landed a job at Heavenly Cuts, a barbershop a few blocks away.

Chanel bought a used, cherry-red Dodge Durango and a rolling kitchen island at Home Depot. Thesis For Elementary Students? She decorated the girls’ room with pink Barbie curtains, sheets and matching TVs. How To Essay? The children ran barefoot in the backyard, racing across a Slip ’N Slide as Supreme grilled burgers. Joanie’s urn occupied a place of honor in the living room. This was, without question, the high point of essay, their collective life.

It would take years for how to personal reflective, Chanel to understand why things so quickly fell apart. It was not obvious, in essay on the in the, that blinding moment, that money could be useful only end a personal essay if they knew how to spend it. To think it would bring salvation was as quixotic as expecting a set of keys to drive a car. Money was not going to heal a father who had never been a child. When customers took a seat in thesis for elementary, Supreme’s chair at end a essay the barbershop, they saw a pair of hands expertly at on the greatest teacher work.

They did not see the boy who, at how to end a personal reflective age 7, had learned that very skill by cutting his brothers’ hair while his parents were strung out on essay on the greatest in the heroin. What money brought was a quick escape from all that. How To Personal Essay? Over the ib criteria, next two years, Supreme and Chanel bobbed and wove through a fog of addiction. Supreme started doing heroin. Chanel became hooked on painkillers during an extended stay at Staten Island Hospital, where she was being treated for how to end a personal reflective, a recurrence of the tuberculosis she contracted in a shelter. Children’s Services hovered over the family, ensuring that Chanel and alexandra kimball essay, Supreme submit to random drug tests. Eventually, Supreme and personal, Chanel stopped working. By August 2010, bedbugs had infested the family’s house, just as their rent subsidy once again expired.

The city’s shelters were filling with former Advantage recipients families who had been homeless before taking the rent subsidy, only to become homeless again. On Aug. 20, Dasani’s family boarded the alexandra kimball, ferry to Manhattan, where they headed to the Department of end a personal reflective essay, Homeless Services’s intake office in tok essay ib criteria, the South Bronx. As Dasani’s family approached the entrance, Chanel spotted two abandoned baby turtles in a cardboard box. She stuffed them in her pockets. Six days later, the family arrived at Auburn, along with its two forbidden pet turtles and Joanie’s urn. C hildren are said to be adaptable.

On outward appearances, Dasani and her siblings became inured to the dehumanizing ways of Auburn the security checks at how to end a personal the entrance, the grimy bathrooms, the long waits for essay, rancid food. Yet nothing prepared them for what happened on Sept. 7, 2011, a year after they arrived. Chanel and the children had been “logged out” of Auburn, the end a personal essay, official description of homework help, what happens when residents who have been absent for more than 48 hours are sent to the Bronx intake office to fill out forms and answer questions. The entire family must make this onerous trip, even on school days.

That evening, tired and hungry, they returned to their room. It looked ransacked. Almost everything was gone: their clothes, shoes, books, television, toys, Social Security cards, birth certificates, photographs, love letters the how to end a personal, traces of their existence. Joanie’s urn had also vanished. Chanel raced down to the security guards, Dasani chasing after her. “Where are my mother’s ashes?” she screamed. The story soon emerged: An Auburn employee had paid a resident $10 to clean out the room, as other residents looted the family’s valuables. Everything else was tossed in the garbage. Chanel bolted to the back of the shelter, where a large, metal incinerator holds Auburn’s rotting trash.

She waded in, the garbage reaching her waist. Quotes For Comparison? She searched frantically. This could not be Joanie’s final resting place, she kept telling herself. She cursed. She wept aloud. Finally, she stopped. The truth was setting in. Fifty-seven years after Joanie had been born, here in reflective essay, this very building, her remains were dumped in the garbage. Upstairs, the room felt cursed.

Joanie had always protected the children, in life and in death. Even after the inheritance disappeared, her ashes had remained a steady guardian. Greatest Teacher In The? But now Joanie was gone. In her absence, a devastating chain of events unfolded. Chanel paced the room that evening, desperate and broke. Supreme was gone after another fight. She expected no help from Auburn. Still, she had gone to how to essay the trouble of tok essay, filing a complaint, writing in hurried print, “I don’t know what to do my kid start school tomorrow and I have nothing.” The next day, Chanel left the children alone in the room, defying the how to, shelter’s rules, and hit the streets in search of cash. A man approached her on Myrtle Avenue asking where he could buy drugs.

He did not look like an undercover officer, so she steered him to the projects. She was arrested and later pleaded guilty to drug possession charges, though Chanel maintains she was innocent. When Chanel did not return that night, Dasani felt something in the air. Homework Help Ks3 Re? There was a knock at how to personal reflective essay the door. Dasani shushed the kids.

They pretended to greatest teacher world be asleep. Then the door opened as an end a personal, Auburn supervisor and quotes for comparison, Homeless Services police told the children to get dressed. The Administration for Children’s Services had known for months that Chanel was getting high on opiates, but had been trying to keep the family together. After her arrest, a family judge ordered new drug tests for both parents, revealing that Supreme had also been smoking marijuana. With that, the agency went to court to have the children removed. In a hearing on Sept.

20, the children’s lawyer objected, arguing that to divide them among foster homes “who knows where in the city” would “present a greater imminent risk to the children than remaining where they are.” The judge struck a compromise: Both parents needed to comply with a drug treatment program. The children were to remain with Supreme, but Chanel temporarily lost custody. She had suffered all kinds of losses, but nothing compared with this. Who was she if not a mother?

She had always tried to be there, rarely missing a school play or a parent-teacher conference. On Sunday afternoons she would braid hair until her fingers turned numb. At bedtime each night, she flipped through the family dictionary to how to personal reflective teach her children a new “word of the day.” Now, Chanel would be living with Sherry, only seeing the children on supervised visits. She broke the news to the children on a park bench. “Take care of your siblings,” she instructed Dasani. Dasani was silent. Supreme ruled by fear.

If the children laughed too loud, he only had to yell “Shut up!” and they froze, a silent dread passing among them. He had an old-fashioned approach to tok essay child rearing: Break the how to end a personal essay, rules and you get the belt. Chanel’s presence had tempered him. When she left, Supreme wrote two words on the wall in black marker: “King Me!” Under the quotes essay, agency’s supervision, both Chanel and Supreme made steady progress in a treatment program that required taking daily doses of how to end a essay, methadone, a synthetic drug meant to control addiction. Nearly a year later, on Aug. 2, 2012, the judge allowed Chanel to tok essay return to her family at how to end a personal Auburn under supervision from the for comparison essay, Administration for Children’s Services. How To End A Essay? She came with a promise: They would save enough money to statements leave.

C hanel spreads the cash across her bed, all $2,800. The children stare in awe. #9632; “I don’t know why I feel so happy,” Avianna says. Chanel quickly stashes it, announcing no intention of how to end a essay, spending her long-awaited tax refund, which arrived Feb. Private Equity Phd Thesis? 13. “Once you start to break them bills, that’s it, they’re gone,” Chanel says the next morning. End A? She is walking through the projects, the alexandra kimball, money bulging from essay, her pocket. She does not know where to put it, so she holds onto kimball, it and, more than anything, the how to end a personal reflective essay, feeling of having it. She pushes Baby Lele’s creaky stroller toward Downtown Brooklyn, whose street names mockingly suggest riches.

Gold. Tillary. Bond. She takes an inventory of quotes for comparison essay, all the things she could but won’t buy: a new stroller, sneakers, a hair-braiding session for the girls. Chanel knows that unless she finds a way to save her money, and persuades Supreme not to spend his own tax refund, they will never leave Auburn. And yet, planning has never been their way. “To plan something is to plan to fail,” she says. “My plan is to do some goddamn laundry.” Tax season brings a sudden reprieve for end a, a family that, with food stamps, has about $75 a day to spend. This amounts to $7.50 per ks3 re, person in a city where three subway trips cost as much.

They survive because they live rent-free and have access to three meals a day. Chanel is reminded of this when she stops to look at listings in the window of end a essay, a real estate office near her methadone clinic. Essay? A one-bedroom in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, is going for $1,300 a month. She sees no option but to leave New York. In a show of commitment, Chanel gives $800 of her tax refund to how to essay Grandma Sherry in exchange for a used Chevrolet minivan, which is sitting in the driveway with no permit. Now they must wait for Supreme’s tax refund.

If only life imitated Monopoly, Supreme’s favorite board game, which he plays with the phd thesis, children on a mattress in their crowded room. “I like building up property and collecting rent,” he says. But becoming a real renter, he finds, is far more challenging than claiming Park Place on a cardboard square. Auburn no longer has a housing specialist on staff the last one died four years ago and how to end a essay, was never replaced. Supreme has learned to navigate the quotes for comparison essay, web on his prepaid Android from Boost Mobile, but the phone is often disconnected. How To End A Reflective Essay? Chanel feels like a fumbling fool on the shelter’s computers. And then there is the problem of Baby Lele.

Investigators have repeatedly cited Auburn for providing no on-site child care, which hinders residents from searching for jobs or housing. Alexandra Kimball? Chanel is reluctant to leave Lele with other mothers at Auburn, many of whom have their own Children’s Services cases. If anything were to happen, Chanel’s custody could be in jeopardy. Instead, Chanel begins leaving Lele under the watch of a friendly counselor at her methadone program, where children are not allowed. The counselor stands outside with Lele as Chanel darts in to swallow her orange liquid dose. When a clinic supervisor discovers the arrangement, Chanel is exposed. If she keeps leaving Lele with acquaintances on the street, Children’s Services might find out. So Chanel stops going, and the clinic alerts the agency that she has fallen out of end a personal reflective, treatment. In March, the on the greatest teacher, agency steps up its scrutiny, placing the family with a “prevention worker” who requires twice-weekly meetings. By now, Supreme has learned that his tax refund was seized by how to personal reflective essay, the government for kimball essay, child support owed to how to end a personal reflective essay two other children he had before meeting Chanel.

Dasani knows before her mother says a word. They will not be leaving. D asani has learned to let disappointments pass in silence. Objecting does nothing to change the alexandra essay, facts. #9632; But she reveals herself through the questions she asks. “Mommy, if these projects was your only choice, would you take it?” she asks Chanel one day in end a essay, March as they are out walking. Chanel nods reluctantly. Dasani lets it go. She knows not to private push. Spring has brought a new set of worries. For the wealthier children in Fort Greene, it is a season to show off new wardrobes.

For Dasani’s family, it is end a personal reflective, a time of scrambling. Phd Thesis? Appearances are more easily kept when the same coat is all that people see. The project kids begin to ridicule Dasani’s pink sweatsuit, calling it “pajamas.” On March 19, she agrees to fight a girl from school at nearby Commodore Barry Park. A crowd gathers as they establish the rules: No one can film it or tell a parent. They pull back their hair and Dasani punches her rival as they tumble to how to end a personal the ground. A man walking his dog pulls them apart. That evening, Chanel inspects the cut on Dasani’s lip.

Chanel may fail in all kinds of ways, but she holds Dasani’s esteem in one powerful regard: The woman can fight. Dasani has grown up hearing her mother’s stories of street-battle glory, and watching her in the throes of countless slug matches with anyone who crosses her, including the owner of a local laundromat. Chanel dismisses Dasani’s tussles at school as “kitty-cat fighting.” Back in her day, girls cracked one another over the head with bottles. Private Phd Thesis? No one wasted time pulling back their hair. “You gotta keep your hood credit up,” she tells Dasani. How To Personal Reflective Essay? “You take the biggest, baddest one down first and the rest of ’em will back up off of you. Essay? That’s just how it works.” The next day, Chanel and Dasani wander up their favorite block of Myrtle Avenue, passing the end a, Red Lantern, a bike repair shop that sells vegan cookies. Ib Criteria? They stop at a juice store that serves a hybrid clientele Fort Greene’s organic-forward newcomers and its health-conscious old-timers. There, Chanel spots an end a personal reflective essay, old flame.

He wears a long leather jacket and dark shades. She wonders if he is still dealing. Dasani eyes him closely. “That was her name from tok essay, back when she was in how to end a reflective, the hood,” she says, forever cataloging the details of her mother’s past, even as Chanel tries to part with it. “I’m good now, see?” Chanel crows, waving a hand over herself, as if motioning a transformation: clean, married, mother of eight. She nods proudly at her children.

It is Dasani’s belief that she and her siblings are the cause of her mother’s ruin. For Comparison? It never occurs to her that, for Chanel, the children represent her only accomplishment. The next day, Chanel escorts Dasani to end a essay school. In the equity phd thesis, hallway, she spots the girl Dasani fought in the park. “You can fight my kid,” she says hotly, taking the girl by surprise. “I’m with that.” Minutes later, the principal, Paula Holmes, sits Dasani down. “I believe you can change, but you’re not showing me that,” she says. Dasani returns to class feeling jaunty. How To End A Personal Reflective? The wrong message Chanel’s permission, rather than Miss Holmes’s prohibition has sunk in. “I’ma fight you,” she tells another girl. “My mother said she’ll let me fight.” With that, Dasani is suspended. Miss Holmes knows it is quotes for comparison essay, a risky move, but nothing else has worked.

The girl needs to be shocked out of her behavior. The alternative is to end a reflective fail in school and beyond. “Get your things and leave,” Miss Holmes tells her. Dasani will be out of school for a whole week. She cannot speak.

To be suspended is to be truly homeless. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. C hildren are not the face of New York’s homeless. They rarely figure among the panhandlers and bag ladies, war vets and private phd thesis, untreated schizophrenics who have long been stock characters in this city of contrasts. #9632; Their homelessness is hidden. They spend their days in school, their nights in shelters. They are seen only in how to personal reflective, glimpses pulling overstuffed suitcases in the shadow of a tired parent, passing for tourists rather than residents without a home. Their numbers have risen above anything in the city’s modern history, to a staggering 22,091 this month.

If all of the quotes essay, city’s homeless children were to file into Madison Square Garden for a hockey game, more than 4,800 would not have a seat. Yet it is the how to personal essay, adult population that drives debates on poverty and ks3 re, homelessness, with city officials and others citing “personal responsibility” as the central culprit. Children are bystanders in this discourse, no more to blame for their homelessness than for end a personal reflective essay, their existence. Dasani works to keep her homelessness hidden. She has spent years of her childhood in help, the punishing confines of the Auburn shelter in end a reflective essay, Brooklyn, where to tok essay be homeless is to be powerless. She and how to end a personal, her seven siblings are at the mercy of quotes for comparison, forces beyond their control: parents who cannot provide, agencies that fall short, a metropolis rived by inequality and indifference. The experience has left Dasani internally adrift, for the losses of the homeless child only begin with the home itself.

She has had to reflective part with privacy and space the kind of quiet that nurtures the mind. She has lost the dignity that comes with living free of vermin and chronic illness. She has fallen behind in school, despite her crackling intelligence. She has lost the simplest things that for other children are givens: the freedom of essay greatest in the, riding a bicycle, the safety of a bathroom not shared with strangers, the ease of being in school without stigma. And from all of these losses has come the departure of faith itself.

God “is somewhere around,” she says. How To Personal Essay? “We just can’t find him.” To trust is to be caught off guard. Dasani is ks3 re, unmoored by how to personal reflective, her recent suspension from the Susan S. Quotes For Comparison Essay? McKinney Secondary School of the how to end a, Arts. For months, this new school was her only statements for elementary students haven. She had grown so attached to her principal, Paula Holmes, that she expected a measure of tolerance despite her outbursts, the kind of forgiveness she never gets at home. Her forced departure from school overlaps with spring break, plunging Dasani further into the morass of her family’s troubles. Her parents’ resolve to leave Auburn has vanished now that their savings plan fell apart, yet the how to end a personal reflective essay, shelter is pressing the family to leave while offering no assistance in essay greatest teacher, finding a home.

Meanwhile, the Administration for personal, Children’s Services has stepped up its scrutiny of Dasani’s parents, who are increasingly despondent. As pressure mounts from all sides, Dasani braces herself. She has seen this before the storm of familial problems that suddenly gathers force. “It’s a tsunami, just spinning around, nothing going right,” she says. “And I’m like, ‘Put my life back together!’ and it doesn’t happen. Your life doesn’t go the way you want it to go.” O n April 3, Dasani climbs up the steps of McKinney wearing her best cardigan. She lingers in equity, the hallway, keeping an eye on Principal Holmes’s door. She is eager to end a reflective essay try out the thesis for elementary, script her mother has drilled into how to essay her. Private Phd Thesis? #9632; How was your spring break, Miss Holmes?

(Pause, wait for how to personal reflective, Miss Holmes to ask the same question.) Oh, it was good. I’m staying out of ib criteria, trouble! (Wait for end a personal essay, Miss Holmes to help ks3 re laugh and end a reflective essay, then head for the door, showing new determination.) Gotta get to class! Instead, Dasani hangs back. Too many other students are ahead of her, vying for private equity, the principal’s attention. In class, she is quiet and focused. “It’s a new Dasani,” observes Officer Jamion Andrews, the security guard, his eyebrow dubiously cocked.

If she can avoid fights, Dasani tells herself, the rest will fall into place. It is the taunts that she cannot resist. End A Reflective Essay? Her body gets “hyped.” She loses control. Private Equity? And that is precisely the behavior that Roxanne, her counselor at school, is trying to disrupt. In those moments, Dasani must learn to how to personal reflective essay breathe in for 10 seconds through her nose and on the greatest teacher world, then breathe out for end a, 10 seconds through her mouth.

Roxanne demonstrates. Dasani practices on her walk home from school. The two blocks of sidewalk between McKinney and the shelter can be a minefield. This week, one of quotes for comparison, Dasani’s classmates, Sunita, begins to stalk her along the way. Sunita is a foot taller than Dasani and easily twice her 70 pounds. Their rivalry dates back three years to fourth grade, when Sunita, who lives in the projects, began teasing Dasani about living at Auburn, prompting Dasani, then 9, to reflective throw her first punch. For days, rumors have been flying that the two will fight again. As school lets out on statements for elementary students April 9, Dasani steps onto the sidewalk and is surrounded by a sea of girls. “You gonna fight her?” one of them asks breathlessly. “No!” Dasani yells loud enough for Sunita to hear. “Miss Holmes says if I get in another fight I get suspended.” Dasani’s restraint only emboldens Sunita, who walks up and slaps Dasani hard across her left cheek.

The crowd is end a essay, hushed. Dasani tries to private breathe. “You think that hurt? I eat those,” Dasani says, using one of her mother’s put-downs. The girl glares at Dasani. Breathe in 10 seconds. Suddenly, out of end a reflective, nowhere, Dasani’s 10-year-old sister Avianna jumps between them. Homework? “You better back up off my sister’s face before I hurt you,” Avianna yells. The girls might as well be twins. They share the same pillow, the same dresser, the same absent, biological father.

It is how to essay, usually Dasani who comes to Avianna’s rescue, carrying her up four flights of stairs to homework their room when her asthma strikes. But today, Avianna rises to the occasion, mouthing off fiercely at Sunita as the crowd disperses. Dasani is end a essay, soon surrounded by all of her siblings, a familial force field. Their bond presents itself physically. When they walk, ride the bus, switch trains, climb steps, jump puddles, cross highways and file into private equity Auburn, they move as a single being. In all things, they are one.

The sheer size of the how to personal reflective essay, family draws the homework ks3 re, notice of strangers, who shoot looks of recrimination at the mother, Chanel. Yet she sees fortitude in this small army of siblings, something she and how to essay, her husband, Supreme, never had growing up. “That’s why the street became our family,” she says. “I didn’t want the street to become their family, too.” The children’s solidarity is striking enough that social workers frequently make note of phd thesis, it. “Family close knit,” reads one social worker’s report in March. They live in dread of the Administration for Children’s Services. They survived their mother’s absence for a year and take Supreme’s periodic disappearances almost in stride, but they cannot imagine losing one another. They know the foster care system can split up siblings across the city’s boroughs. Dasani is personal reflective essay, haunted by for elementary, the thought of losing her baby sister, Lele, who just turned 1 and sometimes calls her Mommy. All the children dote on end a Lele, but Dasani speaks her language, discerning hunger or a wet diaper in the baby’s cries. The 11-year-old girl responds with the instinct of a mother but not the training. She pours artificially sweetened grape juice into Lele’s bottle as if it were liquid gold.

What would happen to Lele in the hands of strangers? “Some people don’t know how to take care of babies,” she says. The children have heard their father’s story how Supreme was torn from his siblings and years passed before he was reunited with them in private equity, the Marcy projects, in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. Supreme soon left home to join the crack trade. By then, another child of the how to end a personal essay, Marcy projects had also escaped.

She chose an alternate path. “I was different, and I don’t regret it,” Faith Hester says, standing before her class in early May. #9632; She is not one to dwell on help the past. But today, a student prompts Miss Hester to talk about her education. How To End A Personal Reflective Essay? She was only 16 and living in the Marcy projects when she won a scholarship to SUNY Cortland. She packed a large orange suitcase. Her mother refused to take her to the train station. Girls married their way out phd thesis of the projects. End A Reflective Essay? Going to college, the neighbors sneered, was trying to “be white.” So Miss Hester left alone that day, dragging her suitcase along Park Avenue. In college, she cleaned houses to help pay her way. Her mother did not speak to her for six months. “Sometimes you have to greatest teacher in the be alone,” she says, looking around the room.

“I don’t regret it for one second,” she says, slamming her hand down on a desk. “That was the path!” The class is motionless. “Do you understand what I’m saying?” Miss Hester continues, her voice trembling. “There are going to be some places in how to end a personal essay, your life where you feel bizarre. You feel outstanding. And remain that way. Stay just as you are.” Dasani stares at her teacher, mesmerized. “It takes a lot of help, courage to be different,” Miss Hester says. When Dasani looks into how to end a reflective the future, she sees who she won’t be.

She won’t be a dropout. She won’t do drugs or smoke or drink. She won’t get married, unless she finds “a gentle man, not a harsh man.” She won’t have children unless she can support them. She won’t end up on the street. “Spare some change?” she says, mocking a panhandler. “Nuh-uh.

Not me.” It is harder for Dasani to imagine who she might become. She has been told she must reach for college if she wants a life of choices, but who will pay? Her mother is quotes essay, quick to ask that question whenever Grandma Sherry tries to encourage Dasani with the shining example of a niece who graduated from Bates College in Maine on scholarship. Other children talk of becoming rap stars or athletes, escaping their world with one good break. Dasani subscribes to the logic of those fantasies. How To End A Personal Reflective Essay? Her life is defined by extremes. In order to transcend extreme poverty, it follows that she must become extremely rich or extremely something. What exactly she cannot see.

To dream is, after all, an equity, act of faith. She believes in what she can see, and Miss Hester is real. Her lecture that day leaves Dasani feeling uplifted. As she walks home with a classmate later that afternoon, they talk about a coming history project on ancient Egypt. Dasani does not see Sunita coming. “I’m gonna fight you!” Sunita calls out from the underpass, shedding her sweatshirt. Dasani pivots and starts walking against how to, the traffic along Tillary Street. This time there are no siblings to come to her rescue. Get back on school property, she tells herself. Help Ks3 Re? She crosses over toward McKinney as Sunita charges up behind her. “Move before I punch you!” Dasani says.

But Sunita grabs Dasani’s shirt and end a reflective essay, pulls as Dasani takes a roundhouse swing. They fall to the ground, biting and for elementary, scratching. Suddenly, another big girl piles on, kicking Dasani in the face and laughing while Sunita holds her down. Somehow Dasani manages to throw Sunita off balance, scrambling on top and pummeling her face before they pull apart, bleeding and crying. “I’m saying it right in front of your face,” Dasani yells, her chest heaving. “You wanna fight me some more ” “I will jump you in your face!” “I want you to!

I want you to!” Sunita’s brother orders her to retreat. End A Personal? “Take your ass in the house!” he yells. She turns obediently toward the Whitman projects as Dasani runs into Auburn. Minutes later, Dasani emerges with Chanel, who heads to the projects ready to go. She will wait for essay on the teacher world, Sunita’s mother all night if needed, and they can settle this themselves. But as Chanel presses for how to reflective, details, she learns that Dasani is hardly innocent: She had thrown Sunita’s book bag on the floor earlier that day and commented unfavorably on her “$2.99 sweater.” Chanel cools down and decides to handle the homework help, matter at school. The next morning, the two mothers and their daughters meet with Karen Best, an personal reflective essay, assistant principal who cuts to the chase.

“Had Dasani been seriously injured, we wouldn’t be sitting here having this conversation,” Miss Best says. “And that’s what you need to understand: Children as young as you go to jail. O.K.? Real simple.” The mothers nod. The girls stare at the floor. “She could have had a concussion,” Miss Best says. Teacher? “You want to do something? Prove how smart you are.” “There you go,” Chanel says approvingly. “Everyone knows the negativity,” Miss Best says, looking at both girls. How To Essay? “You got that down pat.

Show the brains.” B ack at Auburn, nothing is homework, going well. The city’s shelters are packed with families, whose average length of stay 13.5 months is longer than ever. #9632; Dasani’s family is among the outliers. It will soon be three years since they landed at Auburn. While the reflective essay, Department of Homeless Services cannot limit a family’s time in the shelter system, the agency can resort to punitive measures when residents are found to be uncooperative. On May 14, Supreme and Chanel are called to a meeting at Auburn with two agency officials and the family’s shelter caseworker.

“I’m asking you: What have you been doing to move out?” one of the officials asks Chanel and quotes essay, Supreme in a recording they made of the meeting. The official points at the family’s independent living plan with the agency. “You both signed it, O.K.?” the official says. “It says, ‘This shelter is temporary housing.’ You must look for permanent housing for yourselves.” Violating the plan enough times means a family can be given an “involuntary discharge,” barring them from returning to how to end a personal essay the city’s shelters for 30 days. During the homework help, meeting, Chanel and Supreme admit they have not searched for apartments. They say there is no point, since they cannot afford city rents without the kind of end a personal, subsidy that the department once offered. Tok Essay? They complain that their room is miserable and ask if they can be transferred to a better shelter. “It’s really hard,” one of the officials says. “Listen, you are not the only family in personal, shelter.” “Tens of thousands,” the official says. “Right, well, I have a different question,” Supreme says. Private Phd Thesis? “Do y’all fall under the guidelines of the New York City Housing standards?” “Excuse me?” one of the officials says.

A few weeks earlier, the family had been walking the elegant streets south of Fort Greene Park, searching “white folks’ trash” for discarded books and clothes. A thin, black volume caught Supreme’s eye: “McKinney’s Consolidated Laws of New York Book 52 A.” He began leafing through hundreds of pages of laws, noting the violations that his living arrangement presents: the lack of hygienic conditions, dividers for privacy and sufficient living space. “I think it’s inhumane,” Supreme mumbles. “I think one of you all need to try it. Reflective Essay? Your husband, eight children, all in one room. No bathroom. I want to see how you all manage that for three years.” He might as well be talking to himself. “With the documentation we can move forward, O.K.?” one of the officials says.

Supreme seems not to hear her either. “You never got no peace of mind. You and your husband can never have a moment because your children are always in greatest teacher in the world, your face. You’d go crazy!” The meeting is wrapping up. “Even now, they got the bathrooms closed, so where you gotta go? All the way to the next floor,” Supreme continues. “I got a child who is legally blind.

I gotta monitor her every time she go to the bathroom. It’s, like, bananas. It’s really bananas.” T he children’s birthdays come in how to end a reflective essay, a mad springtime rush: Lele’s in March, Avianna’s in April, the remaining six in the span of three and a half weeks. #9632; Expectations are calibrated based on where a birthday falls in help ks3 re, the monthly cash flow. Those at the start of the month bring hope, while those at the end of the month are luckless. So it goes for Avianna. Supreme hands her $11, one for each year of her life, but the end a, next day, he asks for $5 back. She waits for a cake. Thesis Statements For Elementary Students? Days pass.

Finally, the children give up and end a personal, light two small candles. Like carolers, they hold them beneath Avianna’s face and quotes for comparison, sing. Avianna savors everything. While her siblings inhale their food, she will linger over personal reflective each French fry. She spends her $6 slowly.

A week later, she takes her last dollar bill and folds it delicately, like a Japanese fan. She then places it inside a homemade card that Chanel opens on Mother’s Day. They pass that afternoon at the laundromat. There is only $190 left on Chanel’s debit card, the ks3 re, balance of a tax refund that was supposed to rescue them from the shelter. In times like these, Chanel sees fit to steal groceries.

She tells the children to wait for her at a store’s entrance. She hides the how to, habit from them. They hide their knowingness from for comparison, her. Except for essay, Papa, a gaptoothed 5-year-old buzzing with energy. “You stealin’!” he squeals one day as Chanel makes off with two prepackaged burgers from Target. “You crazy!” “Shut up, man!” Chanel says, before composing herself. “Look,” she tries more softly. “It’s not right to steal. Essay On The Greatest In The? But God knows when it’s for a good reason.”

This year, birthday season has the end a, misfortune of colliding with four of the children’s grade-school graduations. They need new outfits, and quotes for comparison essay, money for class photos and how to end a, parties. For Elementary? Chanel is accustomed to saying no when she has to, but she also recognizes the small luxuries that will separate her children from personal reflective essay, their peers. By the time Dasani’s birthday arrives at quotes for comparison essay the end of May, she knows better than to expect $1 for each of her 12 years. She has already pressed her mother too many times to pay for a school trip to Washington. Dasani has never been farther than Pennsylvania. How To End A Personal Reflective? She will hold out for that and homework help ks3 re, let the birthday pass quietly. Chanel has no such intention. Dasani is her jewel. Over the weekend, the family retreats to the rowhouse in how to end a personal, East New York belonging to Grandma Sherry. Homework Help Ks3 Re? The mood is light.

The children skip about end a, as Supreme stands over the stove, tending to his honey-barbecue wings. The time has come to sing. Chanel gently lifts a vanilla sheet cake out of its plastic casing as Dasani stares in wonder. Homework Ks3 Re? The top of the cake is still blank, awaiting inscription. Her mother covers it with candles and dims the lights. Dasani closes her eyes. If I could grant you three wishes, what would they be? her school counselor once asked her. A house of how to personal essay, our own, a lot of money and three more wishes, was Dasani’s answer.

She blows out the kimball essay, candles as the children clap. Chanel fetches a long, serrated knife. “Let me show you how to cut a cake,” she says, gingerly placing her hand over Dasani’s. End A Personal? Together, they move the knife through the buttercream frosting. “Doesn’t have to be perfect,” Chanel says. Dasani bestows a sugar-flowered slice on each of quotes, her siblings, taking a plain piece for herself. They race to the basement, where their two uncles are blasting the Black Eyed Peas. Screaming in delight, Dasani and her sisters leap onto end a essay, a rickety, wooden platform and quotes for comparison, dance beneath a disco ball to “I Gotta Feeling” as Papa bounces around them. They barely register the hard-faced young men shuffling through the basement, exchanging elaborate handshakes, their heads hung low. Some play video games. Others mill about end a personal reflective essay, with girls in their teens wearing too much makeup and essay, too little clothing. One of these girls, a baby-faced Dominican who works at the supermarket across the street, hangs on Uncle Josh, flashing braces when she smiles. To curry favor, she hands Dasani a $20 bill as a birthday present.

Like other things in how to end a, her life, Dasani could not have predicted such luck. She is still giddy, long after the girl has left in a huff, offended by thesis statements students, Josh’s waning interest. It is now late and the other children have collapsed on a sagging beige couch. Dasani is dancing to Alicia Keys. She’s living in a world and how to, it’s on fire. Filled with catastrophe. But she knows she can fly away.

Dasani reaches up, her arms bathed in blinking lights, as if saluting an imaginary audience. Oh, she got her head in the clouds. And she’s not backing down. This girl is on fire. Dasani has never had a better birthday.

It feels like perfection. It hardly matters that the cake was stolen from Pathmark. T hree days later, it is raining as the thesis statements students, children spill down Sherry’s steps. They are hungry and how to reflective essay, short on sleep. #9632; In theory, they are heading to the thing they most need psychotherapy. Chanel signed them up after learning that she can reap $10 per child in carfare through Medicaid, at a clinic in tok essay ib criteria, the Kensington section of Brooklyn. Chanel needs the cash. She is still hoping to find a way to send Dasani on her school trip to how to personal reflective essay Washington, and the $75 deposit is due tomorrow. So despite the pelting rain, Chanel instructs the children to meet her at a subway station.

Only Hada is essay, wearing a raincoat. Papa’s hoodie slips off as he tips back to catch raindrops on his tongue. How To Reflective Essay? The children cross Lincoln Avenue holding hands. Dasani is in a foul mood. There is no telling how her anger will reveal itself today.

Sometimes it comes as a quiet kind of rage. She will stare at an indefinite point, her eyes blinking, her mouth set. Other times, it bursts like thunder. Nijai trails behind, her glasses fogging over. She has always been the odd orchid in this bunch of daisies, the most delicate and sensitive child, made more frail by her advancing blindness. She can make out only phd thesis vague shapes and colors. Soon she will have to use a cane, but for now she often rests a hand on Lele’s stroller to guide her. Today, Lele and the stroller have been left at how to reflective Sherry’s. “I said move it!” Dasani yells at Nijai. She starts shoving Nijai, harder and harder, knocking her sister into a metal fence. Then she punches her in the arm. “You stupid!” Dasani screams. “You think you smart, but you stupid!

Now keep walking!” Nijai begins to sob as Khaliq yells, “Double up!” In pairs, they sprint across a six-lane highway and enter the Grant Avenue subway station, ducking under the turnstile to meet their mother. After they board the A train, she hands them a bag of lukewarm Popeyes chicken, furnished by a stranger. By the ib criteria, time they get off at Jay Street, their stomachs are full and the mood is lifted. Dasani spots an umbrella on the ground. It still works, opening to how to end a reflective reveal an intricate pattern of white and black flecks.

She twirls it around and, when the 103 bus pulls up, carefully closes it. Dasani and Nijai race to the back of the bus, where the greatest world, motor keeps the essay, seats warm. Essay? They sit pressed together, newly reconciled. How To End A Personal Reflective Essay? Dasani is for comparison essay, soon asleep. The little ones watch, thumbs in mouth, as their mother closes her eyes. Every time the reflective, bus slows, she snaps awake. At Church Avenue, the children and their mother pile off. The street looks familiar, but Chanel is unsure.

“We got off at quotes for comparison essay the wrong stop,” Dasani announces. Chanel fixes her gaze on Dasani. “Shut the fuck up,” she says. “You know, that’s one thing I don’t like about you your negativity. How To End A Personal Essay? You always talkin’ about the quotes for comparison essay, problem. You got a solution?” Dasani carries a singular burden among her siblings. Chanel has vested enormous authority in Dasani. Her competence, agility and strength the attributes that could rescue Dasani from her life’s miseries also threaten to keep her mired in the problems that her mother cannot meet alone. At times, Chanel seems taunted by how to end a personal essay, her dependence on her daughter, which reminds her of her own failings. They walk single file toward Coney Island Avenue. Dasani tries to recover.

“It’s this way, Mommy,” she says, gesturing hopefully toward a florist shop. They take a few steps before Chanel turns on her heel, remembering the way. “If you want to go somewhere, don’t listen to Dasani,” she says. Dasani freezes under her new umbrella. “I’m sick of your attitude,” she seethes. “There’s only like 15 kids going on this trip because people can’t pay. And me, who got nothing, is trying to send you and you gonna give me attitude?”

Dasani keeps walking. Chanel’s fury mounts. Tok Essay Ib Criteria? She reaches for the same words every time, the kind that echo for days in end a reflective, Dasani’s head. Dasani always gotta have the answer. She think she special.

She think she some-fucking-body. Dasani’s face remains frozen as the tears begin to fall, like rain on a statue. “I don’t give a shit if she’s crying,” Chanel says loudly as they approach a small green house, marked by a gold-embossed sign that reads “Advanced Psychotherapy Behavioral Health Services.” “It’s only one goddamn chief,” Chanel says. “I’m the only chief.” Inside, the alexandra kimball essay, children file into their fourth “group therapy” session with a woman who asks vague questions like, “What are your hobbies?” She sounds more like a distant aunt than a counselor. Khaliq knows the difference. Earlier in the year, a Children’s Services caseworker had sent him to a therapist after he acted erratically in school. How To End A Reflective? That therapist had asked questions like, “Do you want to kill yourself?” Those sessions felt like they never ended; these lasted only 20 minutes roughly two and a half minutes per child. At the thesis for elementary, door, Chanel collects her $80 in carfare and how to end a reflective essay, the children head back into essay the rain. The cash instantly settles the family, leaving the children calm and Chanel introspective. By the time they reach the end a personal reflective, bus stop, Chanel’s gray T-shirt is soaked through.

She is thinking about Supreme, whom she could not rouse from bed this morning. “What gets me down is the responsibility,” she says. “They got shoes on but no socks. Greatest Teacher In The? I come all this way, on the bus, in the rain, to end a personal essay get the money so she can go on her trip.” She is shivering now. “Those are the for comparison, things you are supposed to provide,” she scolds her absent husband. “You are the man. You made this family, but you don’t provide.” Dasani watches her mother silently.

She wants to personal reflective essay fix it. She can only feel empty. Homework Ks3 Re? The day’s weight has passed from her sister to herself and end a personal, now to their mother, who is weeping in the rain. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. Essay In The World? The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and how to reflective, other candid moments. Miss Hester Speaks to Dasani’s Class.

A mob of spectators presses in, trying to see the tiny girl. Rap stars circle. The cameras roll. The crowd chants her name. Essay On The Greatest? #9632; “Da-Sa-Neee!” #9632; Her heart is how to end a essay, racing. She looks up at the sky and extends her fingers, but cannot reach high enough to grasp the metal bar. A powerful man hoists her up by the waist. In an instant, she is midair, pulling and twisting acrobatically as the audience gasps at quotes the might of end a, this 12-year-old girl. “She’s a giantess,” the man had announced to the audience. “She’s tomorrow’s success, I’m telling you right now.” Dasani blinks, looking out at private equity the smiling faces. She cannot make sense of the serendipity that has brought her here to Harlem, on this sparkling July day, to essay make her debut as a member of an help, urban fitness group teamed up with Nike.

But there is her beaming mother, Chanel; her father, Supreme; and end a, all seven siblings. Alexandra Kimball? They are cheering and clapping as well. “I thought it was a dream make believe like this wasn’t happening,” she says. “You know, like in movies, people pinch themselves like this ain’t real.” It was only two months earlier that Dasani stood at the bus stop as her mother wept in the rain. Summer was fast approaching, a season that, in this family, always brings change.

The markers of Dasani’s life her first months in the care of how to end a reflective, Grandma Joanie, the day her family moved into their first real home, the loss of that home two years later, when they landed in the Auburn shelter these all came in summertime. There was no telling what this summer might bring. Dasani could no sooner predict landing a spot on homework ks3 re the Harlem team than she could foretell the abrupt changes that still lay ahead. Already, the court-mandated supervision of the family by child protection workers had run its course. Chanel’s nine-month trial period was suddenly over, leaving her custody secure, just as new problems came along. School was winding down when the children learned that their only other refuge Grandma Sherry’s rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn had gone into foreclosure. Sherry could end up homeless as well, at a time when New York’s shelter population had surpassed a historic 50,000. As the days grew hotter, Dasani and her family remained stuck in the same miserable room at Auburn. And yet summer, no matter how stifling, also carried a certain promise, the how to end a personal essay, kind that comes of statements for elementary students, chance encounters on the street. I t is a muggy night in how to personal, Harlem, but the children do not care.

They savor any chance to visit. #9632; This is the place where, a decade earlier, Chanel and Supreme fell in love. They have returned over the years, pulled by the Five Percent Nation, the movement spawned 50 years ago by ib criteria, a contemporary of Malcolm X who broke from the personal reflective essay, Nation of Islam. Tonight, people swarm into the Harriet Tubman Learning Center on West 127th Street for the organization’s annual gathering, pushing past security guards and a vendor with pins that declare, “I ♥ being God.” Supreme mills about in the foyer, greeting old friends with tight hugs. Chanel trails him, her chin high, her daughters’ hair freshly braided. It is a rare moment of belonging in a year of rootlessness. As the private equity, sun sets, Dasani and her family step out for some air. A man brushes past them, walking along West 127th Street. His hooded sweatshirt is personal reflective, pulled low over his face, which is dusted by a salt-and-pepper beard. He moves with the purposeful air of a celebrity in hiding. “I seen your videos,” Chanel says, stopping him in his tracks. For years, Dasani’s family had been watching the tok essay, DVDs of this former convict turned fitness guru who calls himself Giant.

His team, Bartendaz, combines pull-up acrobatics on city playgrounds with a militaristic message of self-improvement, steering followers away from drugs and alcohol to “the bars of health.” Giant looks Chanel up and down, noting the open beer she has sheathed in a brown paper bag. “Bud don’t make you wiser,” he observes, flashing a smile that reveals a perfect row of teeth. Chanel ignores the comment. End A Essay? She is already thinking through the essay greatest teacher in the, possibilities presented by how to, this accidental meeting. Thesis Statements? She steers Dasani to some empty pull-up bars at a nearby playground. “Show him what ya got!” she calls out. Giant, whose name is Hassan Yasin-Bradley, accepts the impromptu audition the way a famous film director takes the waiter’s latest screenplay. While Giant remains on the fringe of end a reflective essay, prime-time America, he has his share of acolytes in Harlem. Dasani springs to help ks3 re the bars and begins to knock out an impressive set of pull-ups, her shoulders popping with the muscles of an action figure.

Giant is still chatting with Chanel when he looks over and pauses. Chanel senses that she may be on to something. She explains that Dasani has been doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park for years. She can also dance, do gymnastics, run track. How To End A Personal? All she lacks is training of any kind. Now it is thesis for elementary students, Giant’s mind that races through the possibilities. The girl is uncommonly strong. She has a telegenic smile. How To Personal Reflective Essay? She’s spunky. “She seems like just the kind of girl we could use on our team,” he says, grinning at kimball Dasani, who grins back.

Giant quickly explains how his team works: It has a limited partnership with Nike that will hopefully lead to bigger things. In the meantime, the end a personal, team earns modest pay in homework ks3 re, exchange for holding training clinics, and how to end a reflective essay, performing at concerts and other events. At the very least, he concludes, Dasani merits a proper tryout. “Meet me at the park next Saturday,” he says, leaving his number before disappearing. Dasani lies awake that night. It is the homework help, first time in her life she can see a path to something else. How To End A? What exactly, she is not sure. She has not even had her tryout. But for equity phd thesis, a girl who has spent her life tempering expectations, she cannot stop herself from dreaming just a little. “I’ma save all my money so we can get a house,” she tells her mother.

M oney is personal, especially tight. This might explain why, in Dasani’s words, Mommy goes “loco” during an inspection of the family’s room at statements Auburn. #9632; There is a knock at the door. How To End A Reflective Essay? Chanel lets in the inspector, who promptly demands that she surrender the family’s forbidden microwave oven. Chanel refuses. She cannot afford to buy a new one, nor can she fathom having to wait in line every night to alexandra essay reheat 10 dinner trays in one of the shelter’s two microwaves. The inspector leaves, and by the time two security officers with the Department of Homeless Services arrive to confiscate the reflective, microwave, Chanel has hidden it in a friend’s room. As for the inspector, Chanel offers to “punch that bitch in the face.” Dasani believes that her mother’s biggest problem is her mouth. She reflects on this as her homeroom teacher, Faith Hester, delivers a lesson that week on personal responsibility.

“I don’t ever wanna hear, ‘Well, my mother told me to do this,’ unless you know that that’s the right thing,” Miss Hester tells the class. The teacher has shimmied into an empty desk next to help ks3 re Dasani. “I am telling you, as sure as I’m sitting here,” Miss Hester says, her arm resting across Dasani’s desk, “you’re gonna be held responsible for the choices you make.” Hands shoot up in the air. Dasani recounts how her longtime rival, Sunita, began following her after school, and slapped her. “And so, my mom is a violent parent, so you can’t tell her anything about fights because then she gonna want to get a stick and tell you to knock the chick out.”

Miss Hester arches her brows. “O.K.,” Miss Hester says. End A Personal? “Now, let me ask you: Do you think that was the alexandra kimball, right thing to do?” The class erupts in chaos. “O.K., O.K.!” Miss Hester yells. “I’ma tell you what I would have told my kid.” They fall silent. “Not everybody has something to lose,” Miss Hester says. “You care about your life,” she continues. How To Essay? “There are people out there who are so hurt they don’t care about leaving here. Essay On The Teacher World? They are looking for an opportunity to do something crazy and how to personal, ridiculous.

They have nothing to live for.” Dasani ponders this. “I am telling you to thesis statements for elementary students listen to your internal barometer,” Miss Hester says. Reflective Essay? “Think about your next move before you make your next move.” Dasani is still in essay greatest teacher world, bed the how to end a personal essay, next morning when her mother rises from a fitful sleep and heads to the corner store with her sister Avianna. All around, men are leaving the projects to in the report to early work shifts. Chanel stands in the cold, watching them. “Your father should be doing that,” she says. Just that week she had stopped a flag waver at a construction site. How To Reflective? It seemed like a job that Chanel could perform beautifully.

The woman told her about an for comparison, organization that helps people with G.E.D.’s find work. For Chanel, words like “G.E.D.” end a conversation. It has been 20 years since she sat in a high school classroom. She can feel like a foreigner in her own country, unable to speak the language of bank accounts and how to end a reflective, loan applications. When filling out medical forms, she stops at teacher in the world the box requiring a work number, frozen by its blankness. “I want my kids to be able to come see me at my job, pick up my paycheck,” she says that afternoon, standing with Dasani outside Au Bon Pain, where the day’s pastries will soon sell at a discount. “Just be reliant on my money, you know what I’m sayin’?” Dasani stares at her mother anxiously.

“I’m tired of my kids seeing me dull,” Chanel says. End A Essay? “It’s my time to shine.” “I don’t see you dull,” Dasani says quietly. “I see you shine.” D asani spends the week before her tryout for Bartendaz in focused preparation, training on the fitness bars next to the basketball court in Fort Greene Park in Brooklyn. Alexandra? At night, she replays the end a personal, team’s DVDs over and over, studying the members closely. At school, she tells no one. This new dream is help ks3 re, carried on practical terms. It is personal reflective essay, less about helping herself than about making her parents whole. Thesis Statements For Elementary? In the meantime, Dasani worries about the most immediate challenge, which is to get to Harlem on time. Punctuality is how to, a miracle in her family.

On Saturday morning, there is no sign of Dasani as the Bartendaz start to warm up at the playground at 144th Street and quotes, Lenox Avenue. Soon they are causing a commotion that slows the traffic. One after another, they fly onto the bars, whipping through moves that seem to how to end a personal essay defy gravity. Some of them wear black T-shirts with the logo of a man bending a bar, his brain lit by a bulb. “Salute that mind!” Giant calls out to his followers. There is Cinderblock, Honey Bee, Sky, Earth, Water, Blaq Ninja, Salubrious and Mel Matrix. Giant’s second in command is thesis for elementary students, Dr. Good Body, a self-described athletic alchemist (“the library is my alma mater”) who transforms the “base metal” of end a, a person’s character into “gold.” Giant orbits around his team, issuing commands in a lyrical code that is impenetrable to outsiders. He is ib criteria, especially fond of abbreviations.

A favorite is “C.A.P.” Character, Attitude and Personality. His nickname, Giant, stands for Growing Is a Noble Thing. It is a bold name for a man who stands just 5-foot-7. Born Warren Hassan Bradley, he grew up in the Baruch projects on the Lower East Side, where in his teens he became known as a D.J. and street fighter skilled at hiding razors in how to end a personal reflective, his mouth and spitting them out in combat. He started selling drugs, and was sent to help ks3 re prison in how to personal reflective essay, 1989 on two felony drug charges. Like Dasani’s father, Giant left prison transformed. Quotes For Comparison Essay? He had earned a high school equivalency diploma and devoted himself to how to end a personal reflective Islam. (He looks askance at the teachings of the Five Percent.) He also found a way to equity phd thesis capitalize on the pull-up bar routines that he taught himself in prison yards. How To End A Essay? By the time he started Bartendaz in tok essay, 2003, he was already drawing crowds to reflective essay Harlem’s playgrounds. Dasani finally arrives, her mother and two siblings in tow, as the team’s practice winds down. Essay In The? Dressed in bright-pink shorts and matching flip-flops, she is a dwarf among titans. “What’s your name again?” Giant says.

“Like the water,” Chanel says. He turns to end a reflective essay the group. The tryout begins with a set of pull-ups, demonstrated by Blaq Ninja and Sky. Dasani coasts through the exercise. “Damn!” a team member says as the essay, others whistle. Giant remains cool to the newcomer, telling Dasani “stay there, breathe” as she pedals her feet in the air while holding her head level with the bar.

Her next test comes on the parallel bars, where she knocks out how to end a personal essay a set of dips in good form, and then pedals again as Giant counts aloud, shaking his head incredulously. Next, they hit the floor for homework, push-ups. “Do some diamonds!” Chanel calls out. Dasani connects her hands in the shape of how to personal reflective, a diamond as she dives into a set of flawless push-ups. Then she goes for broke, clapping her hands behind her back, mid-push-up. Essay Greatest Teacher? Honey Bee captures the image on how to reflective essay the team’s iPad before Dasani comes crashing to the ground, promptly dusting herself off. “Look at this!

Look at this!” Giant says, running over to show Dasani the iPad photo. “You tellin’ me I can’t sell this poster for $100?” A young boy sidles up. The team has drawn spectators who live as far away as Norway and for comparison essay, Japan. This one is a local. “Excuse me,” he says to Dasani. “Can you do a pull-up again?” She nods gamely as he calls out to his friends: “Yo! Come here!

She about to do it!” “Wait till they see you in three weeks,” he says. The family is ecstatic. Supreme runs to the corner store for end a personal essay, a dozen roses. Quotes For Comparison Essay? He hands them to Chanel. “Dag, I love it here,” he says, looking at her tenderly. “We should come back to Harlem.” C hanel soon finds reason to be suspicious of Giant. He is how to reflective, charming, she thinks, but confusing on details like payment and a promised contract. For Comparison Essay? Giant, too, can spot a hustler, and he seems wary of Chanel. #9632; On the day of the tryout, he treats her children to lunch at a local bodega, joined by Malcolm X’s grandson Malik, a friend of the team. Malik congratulates Dasani, handing her a bottle of peach-flavored Snapple.

She carries the bottle with both hands, later writing “Malcolm X grandson” on the label before stashing it in her dresser at Auburn. The next day, when Dasani’s siblings tag along to practice again, Giant senses that Chanel expects him to repeat the end a, invitation. He skips the meal, but reassures Chanel that her daughter, like his other team members, will be compensated for events. The first one is statements, a training clinic this Thursday. All Chanel needs to do is how to end a personal reflective essay, bring Dasani. The rest is Dasani’s job. “That’s why we got the tok essay, word ‘responsibility,’” Giant tells Dasani in front of Chanel. “Response” he holds up his right hand “Ability” then his left hand. “So respond to what? Your ability. Not your mom’s ability.”

On Thursday afternoon, Dasani asks if her mother has heard from Giant. Chanel is how to reflective, tired after a long day and cannot imagine taking Dasani all the way to Harlem. “He never called,” Chanel tells Dasani. Up in Harlem, Giant had been calling repeatedly. He checks his phone, looking for a response.

He shakes his head. Dasani goes to sleep feeling crushed. She wakes at thesis 5 a.m. for the long-awaited school trip to Washington. Still feeling glum, she boards the personal reflective, bus on an empty stomach, sitting alone with a thin blue blanket laid carefully across her legs. Five hours later, as they approach the Capitol, Dasani presses her face to the window. It looks different here. People walk slower.

There is space everywhere trees, monuments, water. She can see off into equity the distance, her view unobstructed by skyscrapers. She is paying special attention, trying to record what she sees so she can describe it later to her sister Nijai. Remember every single detail, Nijai had implored. End A Personal Reflective Essay? It is not just that her blindness prevents her from alexandra, seeing it herself. It is that Washington represents Nijai’s roots, the how to essay, city where she was born and last saw her mother alive. After a tour of the memorials, the bus stops near the White House. Dasani runs to the tall, wrought-iron gate and looks between the bars. On the sidewalk, a group of for comparison essay, protesters wearing orange suits and black hoods are chanting foreign-sounding names.

Dasani has never heard of Guantánamo. How To Reflective Essay? But she knows what a jail uniform looks like from visiting her Uncle Carnell. These people, she concludes, are supposed to be prisoners, and they want President Obama to alexandra kimball close their jail. She shakes her head. “I don’t know why they protesting in personal reflective, front of Obama’s house like he gonna be in here,” she says. There is hardly a trace of the essay on the greatest in the, child who had once scoured Gracie Mansion for how to personal essay, a glimpse of the mayor. A week has passed with no word from greatest teacher world, Giant. Dasani keeps doing her pull-ups. Tucked in the top drawer of her dresser is the empty Snapple bottle given to how to end a personal her by Malcolm X’s grandson. #9632; “It’s all right,” Dasani tells her mother. “I didn’t get attached.”

Detachment is as much a rite of Dasani’s summers as sunbaked afternoons in the park. She bids farewell to Miss Hester and world, the principal, Paula Holmes, bracing herself for a 10-week absence from the Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. Summers also bring more regular visits to how to reflective Grandma Sherry’s, where the children can ride up and essay on the greatest teacher in the, down Lincoln Avenue on rusted bikes. How To End A Essay? But this year, Sherry has bad news. The bank is equity, coming for her house. In another month, a court marshal will see her out the door if she is not gone. Sherry has two bad choices: She can enter the shelter system or she can leave her children and grandchildren behind in New York and move in with her sister in Pittsburgh. If Sherry leaves, Chanel will have lost her only support, the how to reflective, woman who partly raised her. Chanel copes in a way that puzzles Sherry: She stops taking Sherry’s calls. For Comparison? It is Chanel’s way of personal reflective, detaching, of leaving a relationship before it leaves her. Sherry finally decides to homework help ks3 re go to end a reflective essay Pittsburgh.

When she does get the children on the phone, she tells them that she is kimball, not sure when she is leaving, but that “the Lord will take care of you.” In the midst of this, Dasani finds herself thinking about Bartendaz. A month after her tryout, she resolves to give it another chance: She will report to how to reflective essay practice by teacher in the world, herself, as if nothing has changed. But as she announces her departure one morning, Supreme stops her at the door. “Not before this place is straightened up,” he says. By the time Dasani finishes, practice is over. The next morning, she gets up feeling defiant. She looks at Supreme, who is still asleep. Personal Essay? How you gonna take my destiny away from me? she thinks. Dasani turns to kimball her mother, and Chanel waves at her to how to personal reflective essay leave before he wakes. Accompanied by her siblings Khaliq and Avianna, she jumps the train to Harlem.

“Long time no see,” Giant says by way of a greeting. Ib Criteria? He gives Dasani a stern lecture: “If you know you’re not gonna be consistent, then I need to reflective essay know so I can invest in thesis statements, someone else.” Dasani is confused. End A Personal Essay? Her parents say that he never called. His version of events is quite the opposite, but he thinks it best to simply say that “there must have been a miscommunication.”

Dasani does not know what to believe, but she begins training with Giant every weekend, accompanied by her twin in all things, Avianna. They are in Harlem on the day a moving truck pulls up to Sherry’s house. Alerted by phone, Chanel arrives moments before Sherry’s departure. “I’ma hide in the truck,” 8-year-old Maya says. Chanel walks through the house she has known since she was born. She pauses at ib criteria the bathroom’s worn wooden door, which reminds her of her father. He is there at that door, some flicker of essay, a memory. Those are the things one loses with a house, not the shelter itself but the irretrievable belonging it brings.

On the stoop, Sherry and Chanel hold each other for a long time. Dasani does not get to say goodbye. T he sadness of Sherry’s departure is help ks3 re, eclipsed a week later when Dasani makes her big Bartendaz debut. Her routine is captured on video for the opening sequence of Giant’s forthcoming DVD, and Dasani receives her first earnings: $70. She is too excited to think twice when Supreme asks if he can borrow some of how to personal reflective essay, it. He buys pizza for private equity, the children and keeps the rest. Dasani is reflective essay, distracted by alexandra essay, the day’s other gifts the cheering crowd, the chance to pose with the rappers Jadakiss and Styles P. She is still floating two days later, when Giant summons her to a basketball clinic for end a personal, boys. He wants her to “mentor” them. It seems like an odd request for a girl who was recently suspended from school. But that is Giant’s point: She needs to act like a mentor before she can feel like one.

She soon takes to thesis statements the task, guiding boys several inches taller as they struggle into feeble pull-ups. When Dasani orders them to line up, one of the boys smirks, saying, “You not staff.” “Oh yes I am,” Dasani shoots back. She is bonding with her team most of all with Sky, a nursing student, and Earth, who just got her bachelor’s degree in psychology at Queens College. “I’ma take all of end a personal, Sky’s moves,” Dasani says jauntily as she hits the thesis for elementary students, low bars. They laugh and end a personal reflective essay, laugh, never ceasing to delight in their youngest member.

But when Chanel comes striding up, offering unsolicited tips, they go quiet. Later that afternoon, Dasani tells Giant about her loan to Supreme. Long after she leaves practice, he is still livid. Can this even work, he wonders. “You’re fixing a child to send back to broken parents.” S ummer’s end marks the third anniversary of homework ks3 re, Dasani’s arrival at Auburn, on Aug. 26, 2010. #9632; Three years a quarter of her life most of how to end a reflective essay, it spent in one room. She has gotten so used to the smallness of it that she can scarcely recall how to live with more space. To Dasani, sometimes it seems like only tok essay tragedy brings change. The next morning, on Aug.

27, she wakes to a high-pitched scream. It is her neighbor in Room 445, a single mother named Aisha. Her 3-month-old daughter, Casshanae, has turned blue. “My baby’s not breathing!” she wails. A petite 27-year-old from Pennsylvania, Aisha had come to Auburn in early May, seven months pregnant with Casshanae. She was born premature with respiratory distress syndrome and developed feeding problems, all of which was noted in the records that Auburn received. The infant’s problems were serious enough that a hospital social worker asked the Department of how to end a essay, Homeless Services to transfer the baby, Aisha and her 1-year-old son to another shelter equipped to handle medical needs. The agency declined to do so, even after Aisha filed a complaint that a male resident had sexually assaulted her in essay on the world, her room at Auburn on June 18. Nor did the shelter’s staff members heed Aisha’s repeated complaints when they gave her a damaged metal crib for how to personal essay, the infant, with a loosefitting sheet and essay on the greatest teacher, a mattress permanently stuck in the lowest position. But now she is screaming, and everyone hears her.

A security guard calls 911. None of the staff members try to resuscitate the baby, even though they are certified in CPR. Aisha fumbles to personal breathe air into her baby’s lungs as paramedics rush into the lobby. They race to Brooklyn Hospital Center, where a doctor pronounces Casshanae dead at 8:10 a.m. Later that morning, Aisha returns to the fourth floor to pack her things. Kimball Essay? Her screams rattle the shelter again. As she leaves, Dasani lingers by the door. She hears a security guard telling a superior that Aisha left the children alone the previous night.

The official asks the guard to file a report. How To Essay? Dasani shudders and closes the kimball, door. Essay? That will never happen to Baby Lele, she tells herself. The next day, the Administration for Children’s Services takes custody of Aisha’s son pending the results of an investigation into essay on the greatest world the baby’s death. End A Reflective? Soon after, Dasani sees inspectors walking through the thesis for elementary, shelter as new cribs are delivered to residents and end a personal essay, crib-safety posters are slipped under doors. Aisha is summoned back to Auburn by investigators from the medical examiner’s office. At their request, she re-enacts the morning of her baby’s death, when she says she found Casshanae lifeless in the crib.

They take pictures of the crib, its sheet still crumpled. For Comparison Essay? An autopsy was unable to determine the cause of death. D asani tries not to think about the dead baby. #9632; Her room is sweltering. The children want nothing more than to personal get out and cool off. Essay Teacher? They put on reflective their bathing suits. They have gone swimming only once this summer. First, they stop into Chanel’s methadone clinic in Red Hook, Brooklyn, a dim brick building sandwiched between a highway overpass and private, a garbage dump. Chanel waves at Dasani to how to end a personal reflective essay come inside.

She has been bragging to private phd thesis the staff about Giant, who continues to work with Dasani on the condition that she is paid in kind, not cash. “No one can take a pair of sneakers,” he reasons. “He just stingy,” Chanel says. But she has gone along with it, proud as a stage mother. “So look out for how to end a personal reflective, Dasani, man,” Chanel tells a woman behind the desk. “She gonna be out soon.” “I believe I am already out,” Dasani says. Chanel leads her children three more blocks to quotes essay the same Depression-era building where she passed her summers as a child. They carry one thin towel to reflective share. Dasani squints at kimball the Olympic-size pool, a turquoise expanse that glistens in the sun. She dives in first. End A? All is cool and silent. She comes up for air, releasing a rapturous cry.

The uncertainty of Dasani’s life is deepening. Supreme is now gone, having checked into a residential treatment program to try to get off methadone. Right before school starts in September, Chanel uproots Dasani from McKinney, reasoning that she will be less likely to fight in the company of Avianna and Nijai at a neighboring school. Dasani is unsettled. Every afternoon, the three sisters turn up at McKinney like stray puppies, passing the time with Miss Holmes and Miss Hester. The principal offers to enroll all of essay, them. Finally, on Sept. 25, Chanel relents. “Oh my gooney goo hoo,” Miss Hester squeals as Dasani, Avianna and Nijai skip up the personal essay, hallway. “I’ve been praying on kimball essay this.” Back at Auburn, residents begin to notice small changes.

In the wake of Casshanae’s death, the shelter is providing a steadier supply of how to end a personal reflective, formula, diapers and other items to mothers, and the cafeteria has a few more items on its menu. These fixes hardly address the systemic breakdown that state inspectors are uncovering. On Oct. 1, they inform the Department of Homeless Services of a devastating litany of violations. The fire safety system is virtually inoperable. The shelter has no certificate of private equity, occupancy. Its record-keeping is a mess. The registration cards of how to personal essay, 25 of its security guards are expired or missing.

Black mold is spreading in the shelter’s bathrooms, many of which spew exhaust thick with dust and debris. During one visit, inspectors see an alexandra kimball essay, asthmatic 3-year-old child coughing and vomiting so much that 911 is called. With no air-conditioning, the rooms reach dangerously high temperatures. A month before she died, Casshanae was living in a room where temperatures reached 102 degrees. The state’s conclusion: No child with chronic breathing problems should be at the shelter, and no children under age 2 should live there at all “due to the lack of amenities for this young and personal reflective, vulnerable population.” In other words, Dasani’s family with a 1-year-old, two asthmatic children and ib criteria, another who is legally blind should never have been living at Auburn in end a personal reflective essay, the first place.

I n the help, early afternoon of Oct. 17, Chanel is summoned to the office of the shelter’s administrators. End A Reflective Essay? #9632; They have stunning news: The family can finally leave Auburn. On The Greatest Teacher World? A space has opened at another shelter an how to end a reflective, apartment with a kitchen. But they must go today. For Comparison Essay? They have a few hours to pack. Other families are also moving, and the Department of Homeless Services has arranged for vans. Chanel has longed for this moment.

But now that it is here, she feels wholly unprepared. Supreme is still in rehab. Her food stamps have been stolen. She has $9 in how to end a reflective, cash. How will she instantly produce three meals a day for eight children? She has no frying pans, dishes, utensils or toilet paper. Homework? She does not even have the address of end a, this new shelter. “I don’t know what to do,” Chanel says.

She returns to equity phd thesis Room 449 and tells the children. Dasani is in shock. How To Essay? Chanel rushes them off to therapy. Whatever happens, she needs the cash. It is drizzling out, and Dasani’s head is spinning. All she can think about is her school. Greatest Teacher In The World? Just after willing her way back to how to essay McKinney, she is poised to lose it again. It is strange, this feeling of heading toward an address they don’t yet have, while having to say goodbye in the span of a few hours to the place where they have lived for years.

After therapy, it is getting dark. The shelter’s lights blaze from within. Chanel orders the children to pack only the most essential things. Auburn has given them 20 clear plastic bags. That is the limit.

They will have to private equity phd thesis come back for Turtle. At 9:26 p.m., Chanel and her children board the last van just before it pulls away. An hour later, the van approaches their new residence. They are in Harlem. Of the personal essay, 152 shelters where Dasani’s family could have landed, they have somehow wound up at a six-story brick building on kimball West 145th Street. It is one block from the Bartendaz base. “I am right next to the park,” Dasani tells Giant on the phone, enunciating each word. Personal Essay? “I’m here! I’m in Harlem!” Chanel grabs the phone, eager to essay hear his reaction. “You see?” Giant tells Chanel. “The Lord sent you right here next to me.”

The children wait on the front steps as Chanel fills out paperwork in the office. It feels different here. The block is reflective essay, awash in streetlights and teeming with pedestrians. There are fewer trees. But in on the teacher in the, other ways, Harlem is like Fort Greene. Nearby is a new bistro called Mountain Bird that offers a foie gras soup and a shrimp-bisque mac and cheese. One by one, the children peek in on how to reflective their mother, anxious for updates. They will be living on the third floor, Avianna announces. She locates the for comparison, silver button on the intercom, gently running her finger over it. Finally, Chanel appears with the keys. They climb three flights and personal, step inside.

It is a real apartment, with clean, beige walls and hardwood floors. There are two bedrooms, a full bathroom and essay teacher, a kitchen joined to end a personal a living room. Alexandra Kimball? Metal blinds hang from the windows, and clean sheets are folded on the bunk beds. Fresh, home-cooked meals again, Dasani thinks to herself as the children race about maniacally. Hada opens a closet to find a diaper on the floor. Chanel smells it, declares it clean and stashes it for how to personal, Lele. She inspects the quotes for comparison essay, mattresses, which are in good condition.

She opens the refrigerator, looks at the stove and sink, and then turns toward the living room. She clasps her hands in end a personal reflective, front of help, her face, as if in prayer. “Oh, man, I’m happy!” she says, her eyes shining. “I thank God for this. Thank you.” C hanel cannot sleep that first night. #9632; She keeps checking the locks as her children lie deep in slumber. The five older girls share two bunk beds alongside Lele’s crib. The boys sleep in the living room.

Chanel reserves one bedroom for herself and Supreme. It will be their first privacy in years, whenever he comes back. Chanel is feeling more panicked than celebratory. “I got to end a essay make sure I provide,” she says. The move has plunged Chanel into the ice-cold waters of independence.

She now has $39, counting the money gleaned from therapy. It will be more than two weeks before her next food-stamp allotment arrives. When the children wake, Chanel drags a rolling cart onto the subway and help ks3 re, returns to Auburn to end a personal reflective retrieve more of equity phd thesis, their belongings. Thankfully, the how to end a personal essay, room has still not been cleared. Chanel leaves with Turtle hidden in an empty baby-wipes container. By the next morning, Supreme has left rehab and rejoined the family. Now they are almost broke. Chanel can think of only in the one solution. She heads downtown to Macy’s, where she tries to steal a stack of how to essay, men’s Polo briefs and undershirts, planning to homework ks3 re sell them on the street for quick cash. A security guard intervenes, leading Chanel to the store’s private jail, along with Nijai, Avianna and how to end a personal essay, Baby Lele, who toddles about the small, enclosed cell saying, “Out, out.” After Supreme collects the essay on the greatest teacher in the, children, Chanel is essay, arrested by students, the police and spends the night in jail. When she comes home, Supreme declares that the stealing is over.

If they have to, they can beg. “Better to ask than take,” he says. It doesn’t quite feel like “begging” to Dasani, the way she has seen it in how to end a reflective, the movies, with peasants holding out hands for coins. It is a little more dignified, how Supreme stands outside the teacher, local Pathmark, his children silently lined up next to him. As shoppers enter the store, he asks them to buy a few extra groceries “so I can feed my babies.” Dasani runs in reflective, with a woman who pays for Froot Loops and Corn Flakes. And so it goes, until a particularly generous man tells them to just “get what you need,” and they fill up the cart. Back in the apartment, the family’s spirits begin to lift.

It is easy to forget they are still homeless as Supreme hovers at the stove, making corn bread from scratch, popcorn shrimp, honey-barbecue wings and glazed turkey bacon. He has joined a new methadone program in Harlem. “They happier now,” Dasani says of alexandra kimball, her parents, who are fighting less now that they have more space. M iss Holmes is how to end a essay, worried. #9632; Dasani and her sisters have been absent for homework ks3 re, days. Under federal legislation, homeless children are granted the right to stay in one school even as their families move around. But in practice, there are no guarantees. Even if the girls were old enough to ride the subway alone, the trek from Dasani’s new shelter to how to end a McKinney takes at least an hour. When Chanel requests a bus pickup, only Nijai is approved because of her blindness.

Chanel has already found new schools for four of her other children. Private? She thinks it best that Dasani and her sisters switch to a Harlem school. If this happens, Dasani will be starting her third school in six weeks. Her sisters also plead. They are learning to play an instrument at how to McKinney. If they make enough progress, Avianna can keep her trombone, and Nijai, her clarinet.

She shows her mother the march she is learning for the school band, holding her invisible clarinet aloft as she stomps her feet. Chanel is persuaded when she hears that Miss Holmes and Joshua Goldfein, a lawyer for Legal Aid, are pressing the Education Department to approve a bus for all three sisters. In the meantime, Chanel decides that she will take the girls herself. Early on Nov. 4, they board the No. 2 train, hurtling back to for comparison Brooklyn. Personal? In Fort Greene, the essay greatest teacher, children walk along North Portland Avenue, passing Auburn and the projects, where they used to be called “shelter boogies.” See?

Dasani thinks to herself. I’m gone and you are still in how to, the projects. Minutes later, they enter the warm corridors of McKinney. “Hi, Miss Holmes,” Chanel squeaks to the woman who always makes her feel like a schoolgirl again, back in tok essay ib criteria, the principal’s office. Dasani flies into reflective Miss Holmes’s arms.

She feels safe again, “like I was made to greatest in the world be there.” The principal is shocked to see them. She did not think it would happen without the bus. How To End A Personal? As the girls are handed new backpacks and sent to class, Miss Holmes makes Chanel an offer: She can volunteer at the school during the day, whenever she needs shelter. She can even bring Baby Lele. “We always need plenty of help,” Miss Holmes says. “That will work out nice,” Chanel says. “But you can’t make a whole lot of noise,” Miss Holmes warns, back in the posture of principal. At the end of the day, the girls gather in Miss Holmes’s office to wait for their mother.

“You have come home,” Miss Holmes says. Essay Teacher? “Everybody here is fighting to get you girls back here. How To Reflective Essay? There are certain things you have to quotes for comparison essay do. End A Personal Essay? Homework.” Soon, Chanel has arrived and is chiming in with the principal. No more bad behavior, she tells her daughters.

“We not gonna have that, you understand?” Chanel says. Alexandra Essay? “Because soon I’m about to be volunteering here.” The girls are silent. “So it’s gonna be a totally different song this year,” Chanel says. As they leave, Dasani turns and races back into how to end a reflective essay Miss Holmes’s office. She leans in for another hug before darting out. “Goodbye, Dasani,” Miss Holmes calls after her. “And do your homework.” “Yes!” Dasani shouts over kimball her shoulder. The child skips down the hallway toward her mother and sisters. End A Personal Reflective? The front door swings open, bringing a rush of air. Together, they step out into greatest teacher in the world the cold. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments.

Andrea Elliott, an investigative reporter with The New York Times, began following Dasani and personal, her family in September 2012. The series is quotes, written in the present tense, based on real-time reporting by end a essay, Ms. Elliott and Ruth Fremson, a photographer with The Times, both of whom used audio and essay on the greatest teacher, video tools. Throughout the year, Dasani’s family also documented their lives in video dispatches from the personal reflective essay, Auburn Family Residence, which does not allow visitors beyond the lobby. Ms. Elliott and Ms. Private? Fremson gained access to the shelter to record conditions there. The reporting also drew from court documents, city and state inspection reports, police records, the family’s case files at end a personal reflective essay city agencies and dozens of quotes for comparison, interviews with shelter residents. Most scenes were reported firsthand; others were reconstructed based on interviews and video and audio recordings. The Times is withholding the last names of Dasani and her siblings to protect their identities. The nicknames of some of Dasani’s siblings are used in place of their birth names.

By Andrea Elliott. Photographs by Ruth Fremson. Design, graphics and production by Troy Griggs, Jon Huang, Meghan Louttit, Jacky Myint, John Niedermeyer, David Nolen, Graham Roberts, Mark Suppes, Archie Tse, Tim Wallace and Josh Williams. Reporting was contributed by end a reflective, Rebecca R. Ruiz, Joseph Goldstein and Ruth Fremson, and research by Ms. Ruiz, Joseph Burgess, Alain Delaquérière and Ramsey Merritt .

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Tech troubles thwart plan to digitise Aadhaar-linked PDS scheme in Haryana's Nuh district. Debika Goswami / CC BY 4.0 | A group of village women in how to personal reflective essay Nuh discusses the homework help ks3 re merits of digitizing the targeted public distribution system. The Haryana government has started to digitise the Targeted Public Distribution System by installing biometric-based Point of Sale machines in ration shops to ensure transparency and end a personal reflective, accountability in thesis the implementation of the end a personal reflective programme. In Nuh district of Haryana, the process began in November, but due to several technological glitches, the District Food Supplies Controller, in middle of December, sent a circular to depot holders saying that rations for essay on the greatest, November and how to end a essay, December would be distributed using the quotes essay earlier system of stock and sale register maintenance. The District Food Supplies Controller circular that suspended the use of POS machines in Nuh marked a setback in achieving a leak-proof Targeted Public Distribution System in Haryana. POS machines were not only introduced for automating Fair Price Shops, but also to end a personal reflective essay stop the pilferage of subsidised commodities distributed under the programme, prevent illegal transactions of subsidised commodities, and ensure that the stock reached its lawful beneficiaries without any hassle.

In other words, these machines were introduced to seal the leaky pipes of corruption and usher in transparency and accountability with immediate effect. The District Food Supplies Controller in Nuh tried to acquaint all depot holders with the students system through a three-hour training program on oerating the device in October. It also ensured the timely linking of Aadhaar unique identity numbers in ration cards. However, the actual operations of the machines failed. “One of the major problems in how to reflective essay the functioning of the POS machine is that the essay greatest server and network used remains down most of the how to reflective time,” Talim Khan, a depot holder of Rithat village of Nagina administrative block in Nuh, told VillageSquare.in . Quotes For Comparison Essay? “I am unable to personal reflective distribute rations to ib criteria the beneficiaries (through the new process) despite my willingness to do so.”

Besides connectivity issues, biometric verification of beneficiaries also did not match from time to end a reflective time. For Elementary Students? In many cases, the Aadhaar numbers were not seeded correctly, leading to non-identification of fingerprints of many beneficiaries. At times, despite getting trained on the operational procedures, depot holders were unable to use the how to end a personal reflective essay machines correctly. The situation became critical when depot holders, being unable to distribute ration due to POS machine failure, started having piled up ration commodities in their houses. This generated suspicion among the beneficiaries that depot holders are intentionally hoarding the stock. The villagers, on the other hand, believed that depot holders intentionally claimed technology failures in order to usurp the community’s lawfully entitled commodities. Nuh is private equity phd thesis one of the most backward districts of how to, Haryana, with poor literacy rates and low levels of awareness with regard to technical issues. As a result, large numbers of beneficiaries could not understand the problem of server and network failure. Some villagers said that people are more likely to assume dishonesty on the part of Targeted Public Distribution System distributors in on the greatest teacher in the world general because of the corrupt behavior of a few depot holders.

District Food Supplies Controller’s office in Nuh was inundated with complaints of the rural communities with regard to irregular ration distribution in November and how to personal, December, following which the circular to stall the use of POS machines and resume the use of earlier system of quotes for comparison essay, stock-sale registers was disseminated. However, this generated a feeling among the beneficiaries of Targeted Public Distribution System, who were mostly oblivious to the technological issues, that their complaints forced District Food Supplies Controller to take action against corrupt depot holders. The entire fiasco created a relationship of mistrust between depot holders and rural communities in essay Nuh. One of the major reasons for the amplified feelings of mistrust between rural communities and depot holders is the homework help lack of understanding about the technical glitches in the POS machines. “More detailed information about the technological problems in the functioning of POS machines through radio, television, and newspapers will sensitise and how to end a, enlighten common people like us,” Hussain, a Targeted Public Distribution System beneficiary from Bhuriyaki village in Punhana administrative block, told VillageSquare.in . “This will help us to be patient and adjust with the temporary hiccups during the process of transition of Targeted Public Distribution System to private a digitised version.”

Also, a pilot in selected villages of Nuh on how to end a essay Fair Price shop automation could have given a good idea to the implementers about the nature of the technical glitches or even the reaction and tok essay, difficulties experienced by the rural communities during the how to end a personal reflective process of digitization of Targeted Public Distribution System. The District Food Supplies Controller is undeterred. “We have instructed the depot holders to start reusing the help POS machines from the middle of January 2017,” Chand Singh, Food Supply Inspector, District Food Supplies Controller Nuh, told VillageSquare.in . “However, in order to how to end a reflective ensure that ration distribution does not become irregular due to malfunctioning server, we have also made maintenance of the registers compulsory so that in case the machines fail, at least ration will be distributed following the traditional system.” Despite such problems, rural communities are gradually realising the relevance of introduction of tok essay, digitisation in Targeted Public Distribution System. Women in how to reflective Baisi village of Nuh block mention that the proper use of POS machines will help reduce corruption, as electronic records of allocation to the beneficiaries will be maintained. “We as customers of Targeted Public Distribution System will benefit from for comparison essay digitisation,” said Afsana, a PDS in Baisi. It is important to remember in this context that the new system of Targeted Public Distribution System aims to digitise beneficiary database in how to end a reflective essay order to enable correct identification of beneficiaries, detection and cancellation of false cards and improved targeting of food subsidies. In addition, the computerisation of supply chain management in Targeted Public Distribution System aims to ensure timely availability of food grains to intended beneficiaries at the Fair Price shops as well as constant monitoring of leakages and diversion of the statements students commodities. Digitisation of Targeted Public Distribution System is a welcome move in creating smart practices in end a personal public service delivery. The District Food Supplies Controller office of Nuh plans to refurbish the process of private equity phd thesis, digitization by mending the technical troubles. How To? “With the use of an exclusive server for help ks3 re, Targeted Public Distribution System implementation, which is scheduled for April 1, 2017, the District Food Supplies Controller expects to end a overcome the technical glitches, thereby making the process transparent and accountable,” Chand Singh said.

Debika Goswami is a Programme Leader in Governance and Policy Advocacy in SM Sehgal Foundation. A four-year-old lapsed bill could help curb fake marksheet scandals. Fact check: Despite Adityanath's claims, it's UP that should take healthcare lessons from Kerala. How Faye D’Souza became the rising star of Indian TV news, without yelling or finger-wagging. Why the current economic slowdown is worse than the one during Manmohan Singh’s second term. Why the Catalan referendum in Spain is alexandra kimball essay a warning for Indians trying to impose Hindi.

Sophisticated Aadhaar-related bank fraud has left police in Delhi and personal reflective, Noida baffled. Top picks, best deals and all you need to know for ib criteria, wave two of the Amazon Great Indian Festival. We’ve done the hard work so you can get right to how to essay what you want amongst the 10crore+ offers across 5 days. If you missed the first wave of the Amazon Great Indian Festival, fret not. The second edition is here (from 4th to 8th October), with bigger deals on tok essay ib criteria big brands. There are great discounts to be found through the half price store, golden hour deals and other exclusive offers. Even if you displayed your shopping chops the how to end a reflective essay first time around, the thesis for elementary festival can still delight you, especially since Diwali is just around the corner. This guide will take you through it all.

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The Half Price Store will be updated every hour with deals having a discount of at equity least 50%. The app-only Golden Hour deals will be active from 8.00pm to 12.00 am every day of the sale. A big draw in this edition are the personal reflective essay Under Rs 499 deals, which will be available throughout the five-day sale period. Home appliances to make life easier. The Great Indian Sale is especially worthwhile for those looking to invest in home appliances, with up to 35% off on washing machines, up to 30% off on refrigerators and up to 40% off on air conditioners. Standout deals include BPL 6.2kg Top Loading Washing Machine, available for Rs 10,290. You can save up to Rs 4,935 on Whirlpool 240 L Multi-Door Refrigerator. A blockbuster deal worth looking into is on BPL Stellar 32 Inch HD Ready Smart LED TV, at Rs 14,990 - a discount of more than Rs 10,000.

Big discounts on personal electronics. All that research on smartphone specs is going to come in homework handy in the second of the Great Indian Festival. There are exclusive offers to be sought on reflective some of the most popular smartphones. Alexandra Essay? It’s a great week for how to end a reflective, Nokia loyalists. The brand is back with Nokia 6, and it’s available during the sale for Rs 14,999. Lenovo K8 Note will be available for Rs 11,999 (10% cashback), while One Plus 5 (64GB) will be available starting at Rs 32,999 (10% cashback on Citibank cards).

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Amazon’s Kindle E-readers and Fire TV Stick, which also make excellent Diwali gifts, will be on sale with offers worth Rs 5,000 and Rs 1,000 respectively. There are several deals on products to support your devices. Storage devices to boost your device’s memory will be available for up to quotes essay 50% off. Look out for Seagate 1 TB External Hard Drive, which will be available for Rs 3,899. How To End A Essay? SanDisk Ultra 32GB Micro SD memory card will be available for Rs 639. Homework Help Ks3 Re? Don’t forget to enhance your PC’s security by investing in an anti-virus product; McAfee Anti-Virus (1-year subscription) will be available for Rs 90. Lenovo 13000 mAh Powerbank will be available for Rs 999. You can even buy networking devices at up to 60% off.

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35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on Your Resume. The competitive climate of the job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and end a personal essay, the pool of candidates for any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in such an essay, environment, job seekers need to how to focus on accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on their resumes. A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of a candidate#39;s fit is how well the tok essay ib criteria, person#39;s skills align with the position in question. Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of how to end a personal reflective, The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to essay use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said.

While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of phrases. How To Reflective? Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of those skills in action. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. On The Teacher In The World? However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills. If you have #39;problem solving#39; and #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of job duties and how to end a essay, how those specific skills played an important part. The challenge is essay greatest teacher in the greater for those who have been laid off or who have been out of reflective, work for help an extended period of time.

For these professionals, the task of proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Ford R. Myers, a career coach, speaker and author of the book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to reflective a resume, employers get a better understanding and broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and experiences that the candidate brings to the table. Based on the advice of equity phd thesis, our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them. Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Employers will want to know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on end a, your position. A sales representative, for instance, would need to highlight customer service and relationship-building experience.

On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in a collaborative environment. If the ib criteria, job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to how to end a reflective essay want to show off your top-notch planning abilities. Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the ones that will help you succeed. For Comparison Essay? Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and end a reflective essay, results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is tok essay ib criteria you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success. To give employers a better idea of what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the personal reflective essay, team and the scope of the projects you manage. On your resume: leads and essay, directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results.

Social media is one of the end a personal reflective essay, most ubiquitous and thesis students, in-demand skills for jobs in how to personal reflective, a variety of fields. On The Greatest World? Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and reflective essay, better engage other employees and customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Essay On The In The? Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and end a reflective essay, overall engagement. Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by alexandra referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use. How To End A Reflective? On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the brand#39;s community; creates and executes content strategies; drives engagement and alexandra kimball, leads; enhances brand image through social presence.

Additional reporting by how to personal reflective Nicole Fallon Taylor and Jeanette Mulvey. Alexandra Essay? Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in end a essay, journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at homework, Business News Daily. Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in how to personal reflective, Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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Columbia MBA Essays for end a essay January and August 2015 Admission. Whoever designed Columbia Business School’s The MBA Application Process webpage deserves a design award. If you have not done so, take a look at essay, that page. It does a really nice job laying out the admissions process in a visually appealing way. How To End A Personal Reflective? Columbia Business School has modified their MBA application essay set, but only one question has changed completely. Those applying for January and August 2015 entry will find that they are likely to spend as much time thinking about how to tok essay ib criteria, answer Columbia’s essay questions as answering them. Given the how to personal limited space applicants will have to work with, coming up with answers that stand out is help critical. You can find testimonials from my clients admitted for CBS here. Since 2007, when I established my own consultancy, (I have been an MBA admissions consultant since 2001) I have been fortunate to work with 24 clients admitted to Columbia Business School for how to personal reflective essay either January or August admission.

Before discussing the on the greatest world essays, I will discuss who J-Term (January Entry) is for and differences between Early Decision and Regular Decision for August Entry. For my analysis of recommendations for 2015 admission, please see here. For my analysis of Columbia Business School application interviews, please see here. The first thing to personal, keep in mind about admission to both January Term and August Term (ED and RD) is that Columbia uses a rolling admissions system. While there are final deadlines, since applicants’ files are reviewed and decisions are being made as they apply, by the time that that the final deadlines have arrived most seats are already filled. Private Equity Phd Thesis? Rolling admissions works just like buying assigned seats for an airplane, movie, concert, etc. When they are gone, they are gone.

Columbia’s rolling admissions system is a differentiator from reflective essay other top MBA programs because only Columbia uses this system. Rolling admissions is commonly used by statements for elementary, EMBA programs. Here are some common issues that arise when considering J-term: Is J-term easier to end a personal reflective, get into than August entry? There is much speculation on this issue, but no admissions data. Private? All I know for sure is that relatively late application to J-term has not prevented my clients from being admitted, whereas late application to RD is a real problem simply from essay a seat availability perspective. Quotes? In one way, J-term is clearly easier: Unlike an August entry RD and (and to a lesser extent ED) applicant, someone applying to end a personal reflective, Columbia J-term can really be assumed to prefer Columbia over all alternatives.

This can make interviews a bit easier in the sense that August entry Columbia alumni interviewers are notorious for being particularly aggressive at kimball essay, determining whether the interviewee’s first choice is really Columbia. Since J-term has no real US rival, this topic can be easily dispensed with. Alternatives to J-term: There are no US alternatives to J-term worth mentioning if someone wants a January start. Kellogg and end a reflective essay, Cornell offer one year MBAs, but neither Kellogg nor Cornell start their programs in January and both are accelerated programs in terms of the ib criteria number of courses taken. Only J-term makes it possible to do a full two-years of courses on such an expedited basis. In addition, the Kellogg program is extremely restrictive, since one has to have the personal reflective equivalent of an undergraduate degree in core business courses to attend it. Cornell is also restrictive (Graduate degree or specialized professional certification required), while Columbia has no such restrictions. I have had clients who apply to J-term and IMD and/or INSEAD. Equity Phd Thesis? Both IMD and INSEAD have January entry. Still J-term is an incredibly different program in terms of length and personal reflective essay, content from either of these top European programs. LBS, which does not have a January start, would also be another alternative to CBS in the sense that it can be completed on an accelerated basis.

Still I don’t have many clients who apply to both CBS J-term and LBS and as is kimball essay generally the case with US schools, I don’t think they pay much attention to non-US programs as competitors. Can an August entry applicant reapply to J-term? Yes! You could be rejected from ED or RD for August 2014 entry and reapply for January 2015 entry. If you entered in January 2015, you would graduate in reflective, the Class of 2016 with those who entered in August 2014. I have worked with a couple of reapplicants who were admitted to J-term after being dinged from the August entry for that same graduating class. The key issue is explaining why J-term is help now a better choice. August Entry: ED Versus RD. Applying for Early Decision (ED) is ideal for anyone who considers Columbia to be their first choice and is ready by the application deadline of October 8th. Columbia takes ED very seriously, so I suggest you do as well.

CBS ED really is how to end a reflective unique among top MBA programs and essay on the greatest in the world, the decision to commit to it should not be taken lightly. Every year many applicants to Columbia Business School have to deeply consider whether to apply to the ED or RD round. First keep the official statement from Columbia regarding ED in how to personal essay, mind: Candidates have decided that Columbia is their first choice and must sign the following statement of commitment within their applications: I am committed to attending Columbia Business School and kimball, will withdraw all applications and decline all offers from other schools upon how to personal reflective admission to homework help ks3 re, Columbia Business School Applicants must submit a nonrefundable $6,000 tuition deposit within two weeks of admission. In my experience, there are two types of applicants to ED. The first type are those people who really consider Columbia as their first choice and sometimes make or hope to make no other applications.

For this type of applicant, choosing ED is easy. The second type of applicant likes Columbia, but it is not necessarily their first choice. How To End A Reflective Essay? This type of applicant applies to ED because it is perceived as easier to get admitted to than Regular Decision (RD). Equity Phd Thesis? This type of applicant treats the $6000 deposit as an insurance policy in the event that they are not admitted to HBS, Stanford, and/or Wharton (I don’t know of any cases of applicants forfeiting $6000 to go to other top programs, but suppose some one has done it). If they do get into HBS, Stanford, or Wharton and break their commitment to end a personal essay, Columbia, they lose $6000 and quotes essay, make Columbia admissions mad. Can Columbia do anything aside from keeping the money?

No. For those who have no problem breaking oaths and losing $6000, treating ED as possible insurance is how to personal reflective a rational decision through clearly not an ethical one. As an on the greatest teacher, admissions consultant, my sole concern is helping my clients reach their admissions objectives, so I don’t pass judgment one way or another on end a reflective essay, this issue. Based on my sense of how seriously admissions takes ED, I was not at kimball, all surprised that the how to end a personal reflective Columbia Admissions office did not respond to my request to meet with them last fall since I don’t advocate on behalf of on the greatest in the world their ED policy. No problem, I visited CBS anyway, attended a class, and met with former clients. I do recommend the January 7th Merit Fellowship deadline or earlier as optimal for how to essay applying to RD. While you can consider January 7th to be kind of a “Round Two Deadline,” I recommend you apply as soon as you are ready to do so. I would especially encourage those coming from groups with large numbers of applicants (American males from Wall Street and Indian males in particular), to make their applications to RD ASAP. Help? That said, RD takes applications until April 15, 2015, so applications are still viable for some applicants until quite late in the admissions cycle.

In general, applying late in RD is best for those with highly unusual backgrounds, stellar backgrounds, no need for merit scholarships and a love of how to reflective essay gambling. Essay? In other words, if you are not exceptional, applying late in RD to personal reflective essay, Columbia is a very high risk activity. How to leverage RD to your advantage when applying to other MBA programs in the First Round. If you are applying in the first round, an ideal time to apply to Columbia is after you have completed all the thesis for elementary students applications that were due in how to personal essay, September to quotes, mid-October. How To Personal Essay? Assuming you are relatively freed up, while you are waiting for your R1 invites, apply to Columbia. This means you will be considered early in RD and that is an advantage because there will be more seats available. How to leverage RD to your advantage when applying to other MBA programs in the Second Round. Since most R2 applications are due in January, applying to Columbia in November or December will still give you a relative advantage over those applicants that apply right before the on the greatest world Merit Deadline.

Again, the earlier, the better your chance for how to end a essay an available seat. I have taken the essay questions from the online application. Instructions: In addition to learning about your professional aspirations, the statements for elementary Admissions Committee hopes to gain an understanding of how to personal reflective your interests, values and motivations through these essays. Homework Ks3 Re? How you answer these essays is at how to end a essay, your discretion. Equity? There are no right or wrong answers and we encourage you to answer each question thoughtfully. The “What is your immediate post-MBA professional goal?” question, Essay 1, Essay 2 and Essay 3 are all required. What is reflective essay your immediate post-MBA professional goal? Required by all applicants.

75 characters including spaces!) Take this very short statement seriously. Thesis? Last year, it was 100 characters long (and the year before that 200 characters), but it has now been cut to 75 characters. Remember this is end a personal essay 75 characters, not words! This would be about statements for elementary students, 10-20 words. Given the length, you can’t possibly expect to explain what you want to do short-term. That is what Essay 1 is end a personal essay for. In fact, it is ib criteria best to simply write this little statement after you have a good working version of how to personal Essay 1.

CBS actually provides examples of possible responses in for elementary, the online application: Examples of possible responses: “Work in business development for a media company.” “Join a consulting firm specializing in renewable energy.” “Work for how to reflective essay an investment firm that focuses on real estate.” As you can see from the above examples, CBS is thesis statements looking for how to end a essay a short, but a very clear statement of what you intend to do after your MBA. If you have difficulty explaining your immediate post-MBA plans in the space given, I think that is likely an phd thesis, indication that your plans are too complex, vague, or otherwise not well thought out. What you state here should be backed up by what you discuss in Essay 1 (or the reapplicant essay for reapplicants) and possibly in the other essays. If you can be clever or catchy in formulating this response that is fine, but it is a completely secondary consideration to simply stating something that is very clear and that is completely consistent with what you write in Essay 1. Being clever os not critical here, being clear is. Essay 1: Given your individual background and goals, why are you pursuing a Columbia MBA at this time? (500 words) (Maximum 500 words) This is a revision of the personal reflective question from last year, which did not include “and goals.” Since it does mention goals, explain your goals here. While you will have stated your immediate post-MBA goals in 75 characters, you need to explain that and your longer goals here. Essay? Don’t worry about end a essay, any redundancy, just make sure your answers are consistent. Be strategic and thoughtful about you are wanting a Columbia MBA now: Given the importance of being able to state your post-MBA goal clearly in 75 characters or less as well as the need in Essay 1 to equity, explain why you want a Columbia MBA now, is is critical that you be strategic and thoughtful in presenting your post-MBA plans and end a personal essay, your reasons for wanting a Columbia MBA.

If you are having problems clearly articulating your goals either in Essay 1 or in the 75 character statement, I think Gap, SWOT, and quotes for comparison, ROI analysis are great ways for understanding what your goals are, why you want a degree, and how you will use it. The following image may not work for all browsers. If so, see here. Next, analyze your present strengths and how to personal essay, weaknesses for succeeding in homework ks3 re, your present career. In particular, some of your greatest strengths may have been demonstrated outside of work, so make sure you are accounting for them. Strengths: What are you good at? Where do you add value? What are you praised for? What are you proud of?

Weakness: What are you bad at? What are you criticized for? What do you try to avoid due to your own limitations? What do you fear? Next, analyze your situation in right now. What opportunities exist for your growth and success? What threats could limit your career growth? Balance Experience and Why Columbia?

Columbia is specifically asking why now in reference to your background as well as your goals. As result, you will need to explain “Why an end a reflective, MBA now?” in relationship to who you are and what you have done so far. I think it is important that you provide Columbia with insights about phd thesis, your background, but don’t let your explanation of your past experience crowd out how to reflective answering why you need a Columbia MBA now. Given limited space you need to tell a story about greatest teacher world, your background that connects to why you want an MBA. How To Personal Reflective Essay? That story is likely to primarily relate to alexandra essay, your professional background, but your personal experience, and essay, your motivations are also important potential justifications for why you want an MBA. Make it personal! By moving away from the formulaic standard “What are your long and short-term goals and why do you want an MBA now from Columbia”, it is thesis statements clear that Columbia is emphasizing personality and why MBA in this answer and just not goals and MBA. How To End A Personal Essay? Therefore your answer to this question should not merely be a one-dimensional answer focused solely on career goals. At minimum your personal motivation for your goals should really come into play here.

1. Is there anything in the essay that repeats what is said in the other essays? If so, you can probably cut it out. 2. Do you find yourself needing to explain too much context about your background? If so, consider whether any of it can be explained in the Optional Essay. 3. Do you find yourself extensively name dropping? “I met with Anand Kumar (Class of 2006), Sally Johnson (Class of essay 2009), Taro Suzuki (Class of 2010), Anat Weinstein (Class of 2011), Mohammad Efendi (Class of 2012), and Tom Lee (Class of 2013)…” (Note all these names were made up and any relationship to how to end a personal reflective essay, actual Columbia alumni is merely coincidental). If you do, consider cutting or summarizing it. Equity Phd Thesis? Also consider whether this can be included in the Optional Essay.

4. Do a paragraph by paragraph and then a sentence by personal essay, sentence search for redundancy. When a client asks for my help in cutting words, that is what I do first. 5. Quotes For Comparison Essay? Now the really hard part. You have a tight text and how to reflective essay, it is still over homework ks3 re the word count. You have cut something “important.” Prioritize your content and how to personal reflective, eliminate low priority items. Essay Greatest In The World? Killing good sentences is never fun, but sometimes is end a personal reflective essay simply necessary. The day I visited Columbia Business School last year was when they rolling out their new branding campaign, At the Very Center of Business (Thanks for the free breakfast. I could have taken a t-shirt too, but I make it a rule never to wear a university’s t-shirt unless I am student or an private equity, alumnus). After you watch the video, I suggest reading their detailed press release on At the Very Center of how to reflective Business, which I will discuss below. Compared to last year’s topic on New York City, this topic is actually wide enough to essay on the teacher, make for more potentially interesting answers. On one level, CBS is at the center because it is in NYC . Reflective? I could make the same totally cynical comment I made last year about how the focus on NYC here is a way to avoid the fact that their new campus will not be ready until 2017-2018 , but I would not do that.

I just did again! Sorry… I know the statements Columbia folks can take my jab, they are tough, they are New Yorkers. Anyway everyone knows you don’t go to Columbia Business School right now because of the state of the art facility (And after visiting CBS, NYU, Wharton, Cornell, as well as looking into Yale’s new building last fall, I can tell you the classrooms at Columbia are underwhelming) you go because of the quality of the faculty and adjunct faculty, the end a essay school’s deep connections to thesis, Wall Street and essay, all other major industries in the city, the networking opportunities, the interning opportunities, the diversity of CBS students, and the city of help ks3 re NYC. Anyone who is considering Columbia and how to personal essay, does not factor NYC into for comparison essay the equation would surely be missing a critical part of the school’s value proposition. I was recently talking with a potential client who did not quite get this value proposition because he was simply fixated on the classroom. End A Personal Essay? While classroom technology plays a role in tok essay ib criteria, selecting a school, a full-time two-year MBA program at a top American school is simply not reducible to the building. I think this is especially true of Columbia.

That said, at least in the class I visited, the professor was great, the students were friendly but highly engaged, and even though the whiteboard was old school (Just like in the video) and hard to see, I was impressed. Columbia really is at the center of NYC, but so is NYU Stern (And given Stern’s greater proximity to how to end a reflective essay, Wall Street, Soho, start-ups, etc, I think I would be careful about claiming to equity phd thesis, be at the center of NYC). Of course, Columbia wants to claim that it is at the worldwide center of business. Maybe, but it has no exclusivity in that regard, but don’t tell them that. End A Personal? I think the branding concept reflects this school’s desperate need to assert its self-importance and to have applicants affirm this. Saying you are at the center is an incredibly narcissistic statement. “I am at the center” is tok essay a statement of self-importance. How To Reflective? It is pure arrogance. Essay On The Teacher In The? It reflects an underlying insecurity about one’s place in the universe, in how to end a personal essay, other words, if someone tells you they are the help center, assume they probably are not. At minimum, assume they have a strong need to be loved.

I have always maintained that Columbia needs to feel loved. How To End A Personal Reflective Essay? This is for comparison essay especially true in the interview process. It is also true in the essays. Therefore, YOU MUST TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE COLUMBIA BUSINESS SCHOOL’S SENSE OF INSECURITY, ITS DESIRE TO BE LOVED, BY AFFIRMING HOW ITS CENTRALITY WILL BENEFIT YOU! Use the how to personal At the Very Center of Business branding campaign to help you brainstorm content for Essay 2: Which of these pillars will you take advantage of? Think about each of them to come up with 1-3 topics for this essay. -What specific research activities at Columbia really excite you? How will you use this research? Will CBS help you become a thought leader?

How? – See my suggestions for learning about quotes for comparison essay, Columbia in Essay 1 above. -How will leverage the access you gain at CBS? In what ways? For what purpose? -What do you hope to how to end a, gain from the community? -How will being at the center help you have impact? What kind of impact do you want to ib criteria, have?

In Essay 1, you are explaining why you need an MBA from Columbia now and would surely be addressing particular aspects of the reflective essay MBA program in your answer. Alexandra Essay? In Essay 2, you really are focused on explaining why being at the center itself would benefit you . The reasons might relate to your professional goals, but may very well be highly personal or most likely a combination of the two. Reflective? Given the length, I suggest you focus on two to three ways you anticipate that being at the center will impact your experience. An effective answer here will provide the reader with greater insight into equity phd thesis your personality, interests, and motivations. A bad answer might very consist of how to making a bunch of general comments about why NYC would be great, but not giving the help ks3 re reader into any insight about you.

Essay 3: What will the people in your Cluster be pleasantly surprised to learn about you? (Maximum 250 words) This question did not change from last year. I love “SURPRISE US” questions. Actually, one of the things I do in my initial consultations with potential clients is ask this question because it helps me understand whether the person I am talking to has really had to ever sell themselves as a person (and just for getting a job). Unlike Columbia, I don’t use it as a basis for selecting clients, but rather as way to gauge an how to end a essay, applicant’s self awareness and ability to respond spontaneously to kimball, an unexpected question. The wording, pleasantly surprising , is really important. The topic(s) you should be positive aspects of who you are. This is an end a personal essay, essay about how you will add value to your Cluster (If you have no idea what that is, see here). Good answers here are really engaging and alexandra kimball, very unique. I actually like this question quite a bit because it is a great way for applicants to highlight some really unique aspect or aspects about themselves. The point is how to that it should be something that would not be obvious about you.

The focus may be on something very specific that you did or something about your character. Whatever it is, it should not simply be pleasantly surprising, but also relevant in some way. Statements For Elementary Students? It might be something that will add value to end a personal reflective essay, your Cluster. If it is highly personal, it should reveal a quality or aspect to you that is not merely interesting, but also something really worth knowing. A good answer here might involve an unusual hobby or experience, but the possibilities are endless. Bad answers to this question will likely to do the following: -Focus on something that is relatively obvious from your resume. -Focus on something that does not really have any clear selling points about who you are.

Optional Essay: Is there any further information that you wish to provide the Admissions Committee? Please use this space to provide an alexandra essay, explanation of how to personal essay any areas of concern in your academic record or your personal history. (Maximum 500 words) As with other school’s optional questions, do not put an obvious essay for essay another school here. How To Reflective? If you read the above, it should be clear enough that this is the place to quotes for comparison essay, explain anything negative or potentially negative in how to, your background. If you have no explanation for something negative, don’t bother writing about it. For example if your GPA is 2.9 and you have no good explanation for why it is ks3 re 2.9, don’t bother writing something that looks like a lame excuse. This is how to reflective more likely to hurt than help you. In the same vein, don’t waste the committee’s time telling them that your GMAT is a much better indicator than your GPA (the opposite is also true).

They have heard it before and they will look at essay on the teacher in the world, both scores and can draw their own conclusions without you stating the end a personal obvious. That said, if you have a good explanation for a bad GPA, you should most certainly write about it.In addition to GMAT/GRE, TOEFL, and for elementary, GPA problems, other possible topics include issues related to personal reflective essay, recommendations, serious gaps in your resume, concerns related to a near total lack of extracurricular activities, and alexandra essay, major issues in your personal/professional life that you really think the admissions office needs to know about. You can certainly write on personal, something positive here if you think its omission will be negative for you, but before you do, ask yourself these questions: 1. If they did not ask it, do they really need to know it? 2. Will the topic I want to discuss significantly improve my overall essay set? 3. Is the topic one that would not be covered from looking at other parts of my application? 4. Is the alexandra essay essay likely to be read as being a specific answer for Columbia and not an obvious essay for another school? If you can answer “Yes!” to all four questions, it might be a good topic to write about. When judging reapplicants, Columbia makes it perfectly clear what they are expecting.

See here for their criteria. Clearly this essay gives you the opportunity to: 1. Showcase what has changed since your last application that now makes you a better candidate. 2. Refine your goals. I think it is reasonable that they may have altered since your last application, but if the change is essay extreme, you had better explain why. 3. Quotes? Make a better case for why Columbia is right for essay you. For more about help, my many posts on reapplication, please see here. How To End A Personal Reflective Essay? I have helped a number of reapplicants gain admission to Columbia. Columbia Loves to Be Loved. One thing that is consistent about Columbia Business School is that they want to statements, know that their school is your first choice. End A Personal Reflective Essay? If you have an alumni interview you can be expected to alexandra, be asked about that very directly.

See here for my advice on Columbia interviews. Best of luck!

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Essay on Road Transport System of India. In this essay we will discuss about Road Transport System of India. Personal Reflective Essay. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to Road Transport System in India 2. Importance of Road Transport System in Indian Economy 3. Scenario 4. Problems 5. Suggestions for Improvement. Essay on Road Transport System in India Essay on the Importance of Road Transport System in Indian Economy Essay on the Scenario of Road Transport System in India Essay on the Problems of Road Transport System in India Essay on the Suggestions for Improvement of Road Transport System in India. Essay # 1. Introduction to Road Transport System in India : Road transport is the second important mode of transport in essay greatest world India. How To End A Reflective. It covers every corner of the country which the railway transport even could not cover. Road transport provides the basic infrastructural facilities to both the agricultural and industrial sector of the country.

Moreover, construction and maintenance of roads can generate huge employment opportunities as it is twice as labour intensive as agriculture or housing. Indian roads carry 85 per cent of the passengers and 70 per cent of the freight traffic of the country. Statements For Elementary Students. The highways, make up only 2 per end a essay cent of the road network by length, but carry 40 per private equity phd thesis cent of this traffic. Indian roads are classified broadly into following four categories: National Highways are considered as main arterial routes as it connects big cities, industrial centres, major ports and different states of the how to personal country. Total length of National Highways is nearly 79.1 thousand kms in 2012-13 and caters to about 45 per cent of the total road transport demand. Tok Essay. The construction and maintenance of national highways of the country are the responsibility of the central government. State highways are the important roads which are connecting district headquarter and important towns and cities with the end a personal reflective essay capital and National Highways. Construction and the maintenance of state highways are the responsibility of the State Government. Total length of private phd thesis, State Highways in 2012-13 was 168.3 thousand kms. District roads connect production centres and markets.

It also connects main roads to the interior places of how to personal, each and every district. Homework Ks3 Re. Major portion of this road is unmetalled and are, therefore, un-motor able during the essay rainy season. Total length of major district roads was 470.0 thousand km in 2004-05. Village roads of India are connecting villages with one another and also connect the village roads with the nearest district roads, highway, railway stations or river ghat. Village roads may be broadly of two types—Classified and Unclassified. Unclassified Village roads are normally non-metalled roads. Total length of rural roads was 2,650.0 thousand km in quotes for comparison essay 2004-05. In India, total length of roads has increased from 4 lakh kms in 1950-51 to nearly 49.49 lakh kms in 2012-13 out of which 27.42 lakh kms is how to reflective essay surfaced and the rest 22.07 lakhs kms is un-surfaced. This shows that annual growth rate of this increase in homework ks3 re road length was 4.5 per end a cent.

National Highways which have a total length of nearly 66,800 kms constitute only 1.6 per cent of the total road system of the country. About 64 per cent of the villages of the country have a rural road network and the rest 36 per cent have no road connections. Moreover, over 65 per cent of our villages do not have an all weather roads. At present, India has a total road network covering 4.69 million kilometers which makes it one of the largest road networks in the world. The country’s road network consists of National Highways, State Highways, Major District Roads, Other District Roads and Village Roads. The road network comprises 79,100 km of National Highways, 1,68,300 km. of State Highways 4,70,000 km of Major District Roads and about 26,50,000 km of other District and quotes for comparison essay, Rural Roads. Out of the total length of National Highways, about how to personal reflective essay 24 per cent is single lane / intermediate lane, about 51 per cent is standard 2- lane and balance 25 per cent is 4-lane width or more. Though National Highways account for only 2 per cent of the total length of roads, they account for about 40 per cent of the total traffic. It is estimated that road traffic in tok essay ib criteria India accounts for 80 per cent of how to reflective, passenger traffic and 60 per cent of goods traffic in the country. In future, 87 per cent of the passenger traffic and 65 per cent of the goods traffic is statements expected to be met through road transport system.

In our Five Year Plans, a good amount of fund was allocated for the development of roads. During the first three plans and the Annual Plans, nearly Rs 1,104 crore was spent on the heads of road development. Again the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Plan had allocated funds worth Rs 862 crore, Rs 1,348 crore, Rs 3,439 crore and Rs 5,200 crore respectively for the development of roads in the country. Road construction is personal essay a capital intensive project. Current estimate suggest that the cost of a four-lane highway works out to roughly Rs 4.5 crore per kilometer and homework, the cost of a protected access, six-lane expressway works out to roughly Rs 8.5 crore per end a essay kilometer. Under the present situation, the quotes for comparison essay experiences with tolling suggest that there is reflective essay limited scope for obtaining user charges through tolls.

A key innovation in quotes for comparison essay recent years was the creation of a major new source of funding for national, state and rural roads: the Central Road Fund (CRF) created under the Central Road Fund Act, 2000. This was a major milestone in obtaining user charges to fund road construction. The following are the details of the how to end a Central Road Fund: 1. Additional excise duty of Re. 1 per litre on petrol levied since September 2, 1998 and Re. 1 per kimball litre on high speed diesel since March 1999 accrue to the Central Road Fund (CRF).

An amount of end a personal reflective, Rs 6,030 crore is collected during 2002-03 under the CRF. Tok Essay Ib Criteria. Recently, the cess is raised to Rs 2.00 per litre on the sale of petrol and diesel. 2. The allocation of cess among various categories is made in the following manner: (a) 50 per cent of how to end a essay, cess on HSD for development of rural roads: (b) Out of the tok essay ib criteria remaining 50 per cent of end a reflective, HSD cess plus 100 per cent of petrol cess—57.5 per cent will be utilised for development and maintenance of national highways; 12.5 per cent will be utilised for development and alexandra kimball, maintenance of road bridges, under/over railway lines/safety work for end a reflective essay, unmanned railway crossing; and the remaining 30 per cent for the development and maintenance of state roads other than rural roads. This CRF is the financial foundation of the important project, the National Highway Development Project (NHDP). Thus, the National Highways are considered as prime arterial route.

Total length of National Highways in India as on March 2005 was 66,800 kilometers. Help. The National Highways Authority of India which was constituted under the National Highway Authority of India Act, 1988 was made operational in February, 1995. Initially, it was entrusted with the task of implementing five externally aided National Highways (NH) improvement projects. Subsequently, it was mandated to implement the National Highways Development Project (NHDP) comprising 4/6 laning of 14,279 km of national highways having two components, i.e., (i) The Golden Quadrilateral connecting four metropolitan cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and essay, Kolkata (5,846 km.), (ii) North-South and East-West corridors (7,300 km) connecting Srinagar to Kanyakumari and Silchar to Saurashtra respectively and Salem to Cochin. (iii) Port Connectivity and other projects (1,157 kms) and. (iv) NHDP Phase-III-A: four laning of 4,035 km of BOT in the year 2005 approved at an estimated cost of Rs 22,207 crore.

The Government has also taken action for preparation of quotes for comparison essay, DPRs for the balance length of 7,028 kms under Phase III B. (v) Government has approved six-laning of 6,500 kms under NHDP Phase-V at a cost of Rs 41,210 crore; and. (vi) Government approved the construction of 1,000 kms of expressways at how to a cost of Rs 16,680 crore under NHDP-Phase VI. Phd Thesis. A task force headed by Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission is monitoring the progress. NHDP is estimated to cost Rs 87,000 crore. The Golden Quadrilateral part is reflective essay completed by 2006 and North-South and East-West corridor by 2016. Essay # 2. Importance of Road Transport System in Indian Economy: Road transport system in essay India is having a special importance in the process of economic development of the country. Let us now discuss these importance:

1. Road Transport can open up backward and end a personal essay, interior remote areas of the teacher in the world country. In India a huge area still remains totally unconnected either through railways or water transport. Under such circumstances road transport can easily open up those remote areas where railways cannot penetrate. 2. Road transport in India is how to personal contributing significantly towards the growth of gross domestic product of the country. But in this regard, road transport in India still remains much backward. 3. In comparison to thesis statements, railways, road transport is more convenient, quicker and how to reflective, more flexible. For short distance travel and traffic, motor transport is the ideal mode of transport as it can collect and drop passenger and goods at any place.

Motor transport can also render door to door service which railway cannot provide. 4. Road transport is complementary to railway and other modes of transport. It is only through feeder roads railways can collect its passengers and equity, goods easily. Railways cannot connect villages of the country but through feeder roads, road transport can easily connect railway stations with distant villages. 5. Road transport is very much helpful to agricultural sector of the country as it provides easy and quick transportation facilities for how to essay, the marketing of agricultural produce especially the perishable products like vegetables, fruits etc. It is the road transport system which helps the farmers to bring inputs like seeds, fertilizers etc. to the agricultural field along with providing a steady and ready market for statements for elementary, their produce. 6. Road transport is very important for the industrial development of the country. Establishments of modern and giant industries have become possible due to the construction of well developed network of roads in the country. 7. Road transport system is generating huge number of employment in the country. Construction of roads is creating a huge scope for employment as it can create a good number of man-days of work to ordinary workers.

8. Road transport is very important with reference to defence of the country. A sound defence system can only be maintained with the well developed network of roads throughout the country. Construction of roads in inaccessible areas enables the defence force of the country to take control of such areas. Regarding the importance of roads, the Seventh Plan document has rightly observed, “Since the country’s economy is largely agrarian in character and the settlement pattern is personal reflective rural-oriented, roads constitute a critical element of the transportation infrastructure. Road construction and maintenance generate sizeable employment opportunities, a factor that has assumed considerable importance with demographic expansion and growth of the labour force. Better roads also achieve fuel economy and improve the overall productivity of the road transport sector. Road development will thus continue to quotes essay, play an important role in the Seventh Plan.” Essay # 3. Scenario of Road Transport System in India : In India, road transport system is rendering a valuable service to the general people in end a personal essay various directions of their life. Road transport in India may be classified as traditional and mechanised transport. Traditional transport includes non-mechanised transport like bullock carts, thelas, rickshaws etc.

About 25 per cent of India’s trade is homework help carried through this traditional mode of transport which directly employed nearly 2 crores of people. Further, mechanised road transport includes all those transport facilities carried through motor vehicles whose numbers are increasing at a very fast rate. Total number of vehicles on road increased from end a personal reflective, 0.3 million in 1950-51 to 89.61 million in 2005-2006. Total number of buses has gone up from 34,000 to 9,92,000 and essay, total number of trucks has increased from how to end a personal essay, 82,000 to 44,36,000 during the same above mentioned period. Thus the annual rate of quotes for comparison essay, growth of how to end a essay, this transport was 5.4 per cent. At present, there are 66 State Road Transport Undertakings which have a total fleet of over 1.2 lakh buses on March, 1993 carrying 6.8 crore passengers daily.

Moreover, to develop inter-state routes, a Transport Development Council and Inter-State Transport Commission were established. National permit scheme was also introduced for a smooth flow of inter-State routes. Essay # 4. Quotes For Comparison Essay. Problems of Road Transport System in India: Road transport system in India is suffering from numerous problem, as mentioned below: The road transport system in India is also suffering from unfavorable road conditions. Existing roads in India are not at all conducive to operate a smooth and efficient road transport system. Moreover, a large number of rural areas do not have any road linkage. In the end a reflective absence of all weather roads, road transport system are facing a setback condition particularly during monsoons. Road transport system in India is in the hands of private sector as nearly 48,000 operators are running their vehicles for this purpose.

Under such a situation it becomes very difficult to regulate and control such a huge number of operators leading to inefficiency and irregularity in the system. Road Transport in India is all along subjected to heavy and essay, innumerable taxes like—Sales Tax, Import Duty, Vehicle Tax, Registration Fees etc. All these have led to excessive Tax burden in the road transport system of the country. Unit cost of operation of road transport has been increasing day by day due to how to end a essay, heavy taxes and duties, rise in price of fuel and homework, spare parts and partially due to bad road conditions. How To Personal Reflective. Bad road conditions have been resulting heavy wear and tear of tyres and equity phd thesis, other spare parts, high fuel consumption etc. (v) Rail-Road Competition and Co-ordination: Rail road competition in India is a quite serious problem which affects both these two modes of transport. Such competition causes unnecessary wastage of resources.

Instead of evil competition there should be proper rail-road co-ordination for making these two modes of transport complementary rather than a competitive one. These two modes of transport should be developed simultaneously to have a good co-ordination between the personal reflective essay two. Thus there should be a balanced growth of kimball essay, both these two modes of end a reflective essay, transport. But in India Railways are facing increasing competition from road transports. As for example, the share of road transport in respect of kimball, freight has increased from 11 per cent in 1950-51 to 58 per cent in how to personal reflective 1985-86 and then to 40 per cent in 1992. On The Greatest In The World. But the share of railways in respect of how to reflective essay, freight has come down from 89 per cent in alexandra essay 1950-51 to how to end a personal, 42 per cent in 1985-86 and then to 60 per cent in 1992. Same is also the case in respect of passenger traffic. Thus through evil competition road transport in India is expanding its network over railway transport. Greatest Teacher In The. Thus to remove such a wasteful competition there should be proper rail-road co-ordination in the country so that one can supplement the essay other services accordingly. Essay # 5. Suggestions for Improvement of Road Transport System in India:

Following are some of the suggestions for tok essay ib criteria, the improvement of road transport system in India: (i) Development of Expressways, Bypasses and Four-Laning of Congested Corridors: Considering the huge problem of congestion in the existing national highways, it is quite important that more national highways, expressways, bypasses and four-laning of congested corridors be constructed throughout the country for maintaining an how to improved road network. The Government should design a definite financial policy for the improvement of essay on the teacher in the, road sector. Sufficient amount of fund should he earmarked for the construction and maintenance of roads. An Expert Group recent estimate suggests to create a fund worth Rs 40,000 crore for the construction and maintenance of roads. The imposition of toll tax and special cess may be imposed for collecting necessary funds for how to end a, the purpose. The budget of kimball, 1999-2000 proposed Rs 1 per reflective essay litre cess on diesel which will raise nearly Rs 5,000 crore for the infrastructure development fund. (iii) Private Sector Participation on BOT Scheme: As per the amendment of the National Highway Act in 1995, private sector participation in equity phd thesis road construction project on Build-Operate and Transfer (BOT) basis should be encouraged to develop a sound road network throughout the country.

A recent study observed that about 10,000 kms expressways is required to be built by the year 2015 to meet the demand adequately. This would cost about Rs 80,000 crore to Rs 1,00,000 crore. Another Rs 52,000 crore would be required to how to end a, remove deficiencies in essay greatest teacher world the existing network. Considering the present requirement, private sector participation in the road sector on BOT basis should be encouraged. Considering the poor condition of existing road network, steps be taken for proper maintenance of the existing roads within the shortest possible time.

The Government should earmark definite fund for proper maintenance of existing road network of the country. Steps be taken for technical improvement of the road transport sector. How To End A Personal. The means of homework ks3 re, road transport such as motor vehicles, trucks, bus, cars etc. should adopt fuel efficient technology through technical improvement leading to how to end a reflective, fall in the unit cost of road transport. (vi) Autonomous State Transport Corporation: The State Transport Corporation should be made autonomous so that they can manage their affairs freely without any interference from the Government. The activities of the Corporation should be managed on profit oriented basis.

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