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Miller essay

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book report forms In his latest surefire bestseller, Coben explores the big secrets and little lies that can destroy a relationship, a family and even a town. Denise Kiernan Tells the Fascinating Story Behind the Nation#039;s Largest Residence. Essay! The story of the Gilded Age mansion Biltmore spans World Wars, the Jazz Age, the Depression and help, generations of the miller famous Vanderbilt family. Art Garfunkel Has Written a Memoir (of Sorts) WHAT IS IT ALL BUT LUMINOUS is a lyrical autobiography chronicling Garfunkel#39;s time as one half of one of the most successful musical duos, his solo career, and his musings on life, love, marriage and fatherhood. Michael Korda Chronicles the Outbreak of WWII and the Great Events that Led to Dunkirk. ALONE captures the enveloping tension that defined pre-Blitz London and literature, the remarkable events that would alter the course of the 20th century. A Magical, Provocative Tale of miller Forbidden Love and One Girl#039;s Struggle for Liberation. In HANNA WHO FELL FROM THE SKY, Christopher Meades takes readers on example english literature essay an emotional journey into a fascinating, unknown world. We#039;re Giving Away a Different Book on Select Days in September and essay, October. Today#39;s prize book is ALL THE UGLY AND WONDERFUL THINGS by owl purdue apap Bryn Greenwood.

Enter by Friday, October 6th at 11:59am ET. Does reading news and articles online and being active on social media take time away from your book reading? Please check all that apply. Tell us about the books you’ve finished reading with your comments and a rating of 1 to 5 stars. Miller! During the contest period from September 22nd to October 6th at noon ET, three lucky readers each will be randomly chosen to win a copy of Observation DON#39;T LET GO by Harlan Coben and MANHATTAN BEACH by essay Jennifer Egan. Tell us about the audiobooks you’ve finished listening to with your comments and a rating of 1 to 5 stars for both the performance and the content. During the contest period from October 2nd to November 1st at noon ET, two lucky readers each will be randomly chosen to win the audio versions of Dan Brown#39;s ORIGIN, read by Paul Michael, and John Grisham#39;s THE ROOSTER BAR, read by Ari Fliakos. Our Bookreporter newsletter has a new mobile-friendly format that is getting raves from readers!

Not signed up yet? Subscribe here. Curious about of case in qualitative research, what books will be released in the months ahead so you can pre-order or reserve them? Then click on the months below. The following are lists of new paperback releases that we think will be of interest to miller, you. Web-based Writing Practice Tool! October#39;s Books on Screen roundup includes the feature films The Mountain Between Us , Wonderstruck and The Snowman ; the season finales of Get Shorty and Chesapeake Shores, along with the season two premiere of The Shannara Chronicles and the continuation of the second season of Queen Sugar; and the DVD release of The Wizard of Lies . Each month we spotlight a selection of Young Adult (YA) titles that we believe are great reads for adult readers. Explore our picks here!

Bookreporter.com#39;s Fall Preview Contests and Feature. Fall is known as the biggest season of the year for miller essay, books. In Qualitative! The titles that release during this latter part of the miller year often become holiday gifts, and many are blockbusters. To celebrate the Observation arrival of fall, we are spotlighting a number of miller outstanding books that we know people will be talking about in the days and mba.com practice, months to miller, come. We are hosting a series of 24-hour contests for essay, these titles on select days in September and October, so you will have to check the site each day to see the featured prize book and enter to win. Today#39;s prize book is ALL THE UGLY AND WONDERFUL THINGS by Bryn Greenwood. The deadline for entries is Friday, October 6th at essay, 11:59am ET. Writing Uwo! New Release Spotlight: HANNA WHO FELL FROM THE SKY by Christopher Meades.

Hanna has never been outside her secluded community of Clearhaven. She has never questioned why her father has four wives or why she has 14 brothers and essay, sisters. Example English Literature Essay! And in only one week, on her 18th birthday, Hanna will follow tradition and become the fifth wife of a man more than twice her age. But just days before the wedding, Hanna meets an enigmatic stranger who challenges her to question her fate and to follow her own will. Miller! And when her mother reveals a secret --- one that could grant her the freedom she#39;s known only in her dreams --- Hanna is forced to Community Setting paper, decide whether she was really meant for something greater than the claustrophobic world of Clearhaven. Bookreporter.com Bets On: BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda.

In BEST DAY EVER by miller Kaira Rouda, Paul Strom, an advertising executive, has planned a wonderful day for and writing services, his wife, Mia, keeping in mind all of the things that will make her happy. They head towards their lake home for a getaway where he has planned every romantic gesture. I found myself thinking how lovely it would be to have someone plan a day like this for me. But as they drive, readers see sparks of an idea that things may not be as harmonious as we thought. Miller Essay! A prisoner in a secret cell. The guard who has watched over him a dozen years. An American waitress in Paris. A young Palestinian man in Berlin who strikes up an odd friendship with a wealthy Canadian businessman. And The General, Israel#39;s most controversial leader, who lies dying in a hospital, the only man who knows of the prisoner#39;s existence. From these vastly different lives, Nathan Englander has woven a powerful portrait of a nation riven by insoluble conflict, even as the lives of its citizens become fatefully and inextricably entwined. A Hungarian warehouse owner lies in the middle of his blood-sodden office, pierced through the chest with a bayonet and eerily surrounded by 17 candles, their wicks dipped in mba.com essay, blood.

Suspecting the murder may be rooted in ethnic prejudice, Commander William Monk turns to London’s Hungarian community in search of clues but finds his inquiries stymied by miller its wary citizens and a language he doesn’t speak. Only with the help of a local pharmacist acting as translator can Monk hope to paper, penetrate this tightly knit enclave, even as more of its members fall victim to identical brutal murders. But whoever the killer --- or killers --- may be, they are well hidden among the city’s ever-growing populace. The stories in FIVE-CARAT SOUL --- none of them ever published before --- spring from the miller place where identity, humanity and history converge. James McBride explores the ways we learn from the world and the people around us. An antiques dealer discovers that a legendary toy commissioned by Civil War General Robert E. Lee now sits in the home of a black minister in Queens. Five strangers find themselves thrown together and face unexpected judgment. And Writing Services! An American president draws inspiration from a conversation he overhears in a stable. And members of The Five-Carat Soul Bottom Bone Band recount stories from their own messy and miller essay, hilarious lives. Alex Blum had one goal in life: endure a brutally difficult selection program, become a U.S.

Army Ranger, and of case study, fight terrorists for his country. He poured everything into achieving his dream. Miller! In the first hours of his final leave before deployment to Iraq, Alex was supposed to fly home to mba.com essay tool, see his family and girlfriend. Miller Essay! Instead, he got into his car with two fellow soldiers and two strangers, drove to a local bank in services, Tacoma, and committed armed robbery. Essay! Why would he ruin his life in advantages of case in qualitative research, such a spectacularly foolish way? In the essay midst of his own personal crisis, and in the hopes of helping both Alex and his splintering family cope, Ben Blum, Alex’s first cousin, delved into center uwo these mysteries, growing closer to Alex in the process.

Based on true events in 19th-century Ireland, Hannah Kent#39;s new novel tells the story of three women, drawn together to rescue a child from a superstitious community. Nora, bereft after the death of her husband, finds herself alone and caring for her grandson Micheál, who can neither speak nor walk. A handmaid, Mary, arrives to miller essay, help Nóra just as rumors begin to Community Setting Observation paper, spread that Micheál is a changeling child who is bringing bad luck to the valley. Determined to banish evil, Nora and Mary enlist the help of Nance, an elderly wanderer who understands the magic of the old ways. Twenty-something bartender Jason Bishop’s world is shattered when his estranged father commits suicide.

But the greater shock comes when he learns his father was a secret agent in the employ of the miller Invisible Hand, an ancient society of example english literature essay spies wielding magic in a centuries-spanning war. Essay! Now the Golden Dawn --- the shadowy cabal of mba.com essay writing practice witches and warlocks responsible for Daniel Bishop’s murder, and the death of Jason’s mother years before --- have Jason in their sights. His survival will depend on mastering his own dormant magic abilities, provided he makes it through the training. Jason#39;s journey through the realm of magic will be fraught with peril. Miller Essay! But with enemies and allies on both sides of this war, whom can he trust? Twenty years ago, college student Axel Prince Wolfe --- heir apparent to his Texas family#39;s esteemed law firm and its shade trade criminal enterprises --- teamed up with his best friend, Billy, and a Mexican stranger in Observation paper, a high-end robbery that went wrong.

Abandoned by his partners, he was captured and imprisoned, his family disgraced, his wife absconded, his infant daughter Jessie left an orphan. Miller Essay! Two decades later, with 11 years still to serve, all Axel wants is to see the example english essay woman his daughter has become. Essay! When the chance comes to escape in the company of Cacho, a young Mexican inmate with ties to a major cartel, Axel takes it. But a startling discovery reignites an old passion and sends Axel headlong toward reckonings many years in the making. Writing Help Uwo! A whaler#39;s daughter, Flora Mackie first crossed the Arctic Circle at the age of 12, falling in love with the cold and unforgiving terrain and forging lifelong bonds with the Inuit people who have carved out an existence on its icy plains. She sets out to become a scientist and polar explorer, despite those who believe that a young woman has no place in this harsh world, and in miller, 1892, her determination leads her back to northern Greenland at the head of a British expedition. Yearning for wider horizons, American geologist Jakob de Beyn joins a rival expedition led by example essay the furiously driven Lester Armitage. Miller! When the path of Flora#39;s expedition crosses theirs, the three lives become intertwined. Hope is Setting Observation paper like a road in miller, the country; there was never a road, but when many people walk on owl purdue apap it, the essay road comes into existence. Copyright 2017 The Book Report, Inc.

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Essay: The ‘teamwork’ concept – cause and effect. Man has enormous potentials. What individuals cannot accomplish alone is miller possible through organization. Human resource is the services critical factor to essay achieve competitive advantage and strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) focuses on writing help center, proactive management of people. Aligning physical and miller essay, mental orientation of employees towards common goals is best accomplished by creating conducive environment. Teamwork is an attribute which provides impetus and added traction to group of employees in owl purdue apap, its march towards excellence. Leadership improves individual and team focus and adds energy and passion to pursuits.

Virtually all stakeholders agree to essay need of of case study research, team work implying unanimity and complete agreement on intention. But good teamwork is essay not common implying problems in action and not intention. There is Community paper no dearth of literature or knowhow on miller essay, teamwork and some lip service to teamwork is common in most enterprises. While large number of factors is measured and of case research, tracked but there is miller no measure of teamwork in CEOs dashboard of Key performance Indicators (KPIs). 1.1.1 CENTRAL IDEA. Absence of teamwork shall be a limiting factor inhibiting teams march towards excellence. The objective of this study is to develop a model or framework to evaluate perception about advantages study research leadership and teamwork in target organization. The aim of framework is to find out essay what is holding the team from example of an english literature essay, continually improving and striving to be the best (from where it stands) as the best can also improve. The diagnostic can help focus on finding out few vital factors effecting development of teamwork in a given setting and require improvement.

1.1.2 TARGET AUDIENCE AND DATA COLLECTION. The report shall be of interest for Academicians, Leaders, managers and team members and other stake holders who understand high value and miller essay, potential of human resource (HR), with teamwork attributes, in performance outcome of any organization. The study seeks to explore avenues for improvement based on employee perception. Study In Qualitative Research. Problem is likely to miller be encountered in data collection as managers may disallow survey that may in and writing services, anyway effect reputation and prestige of organization. Confidentiality and reputation of student undertaking study or OD specialists applying diagnostic is crucial for grant of access to administer test. Leadership with high self esteem and self confidence shall not hesitate in exploring effectiveness of the tool and miller essay, shall try to accrue benefit from it. Services. Here we shall immediately see the difference in essay, approach of a manager and a leader. 1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT. Many organizations are functioning in routine manner but the energy or spark has been lost while others are constantly exploring new methods to improve.

The excitement of challenges and uncertainty has been replaced by bureaucratic entangle and passing the buck. Initiatives are non-starter due to vested interests and status quos is the order of the day. The zeal while creating the Community Setting paper organization has gone missing and the huge loss is unnoticed. For organizations to become live again from robotic movements there is essay a need to infuse energy of team spirit. Help Center Uwo. Leaders and professionals hold an miller essay array of divergent views about external challenges but ignore the problem within; importance of Setting, involved and aligned manpower.

1.3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES. This research report will examine the ‘teamwork’ concept to gain improved understanding of cause and miller, effect. The leadership role will also be reviewed, as leader is responsible to create the right environment. Based on the study, a framework shall be developed to examine employee’s perceptions about key areas effecting leadership and teamwork. While examining the selected areas in reasonable depth, the services framework shall briefly touch upon other HR areas, which could impact teamwork including recruitment and miller, selection, training and development, reward and compensation etc. This study focuses on Leadership and Teamwork and might ignore some external factors that affect development of enabling environment. Future study may improve upon essay writing tool, the framework as usage can bring out miller essay additional points. The research is quantitative. Qualitative research is carried out to collect data on english literature essay, factors that impact teamwork.

Other factors that affect organizations working are also included as these can cast effect on working of organization. Miller. The research has been made as quantitative by collecting employee perception on the issues in the selected organization. The ease in collecting data through modern surveying and analysis software was not adopted as the forum does not provide sufficient data on a particular organization. This tool cannot be easily applied on broader areas. Traditionally teamwork is realized as a good and Community Setting, desirable attribute but what is miller hampering and helping develop teamwork is example of an rarely addressed formally in an organization. This research will attempt to miller develop framework and technique to mba.com writing practice explore the environment and find out miller impediments to team climate which shall lead to paper development and application of remedy. Leadership plays crucial role in setting the tone and miller, determining the destiny of owl purdue apap, organization.

A Leader is typically seen as a man with vibrant personality, charisma, stamina, energy, head, heart, and soul and what not. Miller Essay. What qualities distinguish leader from common mortals is Observation a subject of interest but literature on miller essay, subject is often biased as the success of leader comes first and research on causes of Observation, success follows and attributes and tails get attached to it. An example is an story attributed to Gandhi on about successfully advising a child to change his behavior is miller attributed to other great leaders before Gandhi (Drea Zigrami and help, others; ‘The Leader Within, 2005). Brutal dictators try to project soft image. Victors exert influence to paint a favorable picture to help their image in form of biographies or other means. For similar acts and dispositions the winner may be painted as man with strong self-belief, persistence and perseverance while the looser may be termed as stubborn, obstinate and adamant. Miller Essay. Jack Welch is owl purdue apap highly acclaimed while Rick Wagoner, chairman and CEO, General Motors was shown the door because of results and not the leadership qualities. The later got title of the worst CEO’s of the year with charges like corporate insensitivity, avarice and callousness and without regards to their past achievements. Miller. An objective comparison of the services two may be a good research on outcome bias or hindsight bias. Never the less hero worshipping and study of leadership shall continue to attract attention and only the successful shall be acclaimed. 2.2 UNDERSTANDING LEADER AND LEADERSHIP.

Historically muscles, horse riding skills, sword and marksmanship skills and miller, public speaking skills were essential leadership traits but as more and more people start mastering these skills a leader had to have more than these to distinguish themselves to command followership and web-based practice, allegiance. Miller. Conventional leadership toolkit consists of three categories namely 1) What they are [Be] (such as beliefs and Setting paper, character), ‘ 2) what they [know] (such as job, tasks, and human nature) and 3) what they [Do] (such as implementing, motivating, and providing direction). US Army’s Be-Know-Do list is placed Appendix ‘A’ and comprehensive links to leadership dimensions are placed as Appendix ‘B’. Many styles of leadership are practiced and work and are listed in literature including Autocratic Leadership, Bureaucratic Leadership, Charismatic Leadership, Democratic Leadership or Participative Leadership, Laissez-Faire Leadership, People-Oriented Leadership or Relations-Oriented Leadership, Servant Leadership, Task-Oriented Leadership, Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership. The list is not exhaustive and some other types are also listed which includes Strategic Leadership, Team Leadership, Facilitative Leadership. Leadership Influence Styles include Cross-Cultural Leadership, Coaching, Level 5 Leadership and Servant Leadership etc. Situational leadership is about choosing the miller essay appropriate leadership style to match situation and subordinates skill and commitment level. Setting. ‘It makes no difference whether your organization is miller essay a corporation, a nonprofit, a school, or an athletic team’: Heroic Leadership is mba.com web-based essay writing tool crucial (Cohen, 2010). Attributes such as initiative, trust, openness, helpfulness, flexibility and support are ‘ desirable leadership traits, Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cited (Kinlaw, 1991; Vainey, 1989). 2.2.1 NATURE OR NURTURE. Leadership is essay nature or nurture is often discussed and while leaders are born (nature) they are also developed (nurtured) as per pre transformational leadership theory. The Trait Theory explains that some personality traits may propel people gradually into leadership roles.

The Great Events Theory explains that challenging situation or important event may cause an ordinary person to rise to the occasion and respond in owl purdue apap, such a way that brings out extraordinary leadership qualities and instantaneously propel him to leadership position. Transformational or Process Leadership theory applies where people choose to essay become leaders by learning leadership skills. Supportive leadership is essential requirement for teamwork to exist and flourish. Owl Purdue Apap. In organizational settings, leadership entails aligning and striking balance between organizational interests, followers interests and leaders own interests and have to be based on miller essay, solid principles and of an literature, fairness (Transformational Leadership books.google.com.pk Bernard M. Miller Essay. Bass, Ronald E. Riggio ‘ Table 8, page 198). 2.3 LEADER VERSUS MANAGER. While we need managers to maintain order, we need leaders to mba.com writing practice tool create future. Miller Essay. Dera Zegarmi and others in ‘The Leader Within’ has done synthesis of literature on the difference between manager and leader (Table 6.1 Page 172) and summarized the difference into three major categories namely self orientation, follower’s orientation and organizations orientation (See Appendix ‘C’). While the manager is too involved in ‘doing the things right’, leader focuses on ‘doing the right things’.

The manager is focusing on owl purdue apap, improving bottom line while leader has eyes on horizon. Managers like us to be compliant and rob us of the excitement in facing challenges and innovating and miller, experimenting. We surely need managers to run the show but we need leaders to lead the and writing services way to carve out future. When a person is a manager and also leader then whenever he is trying to influence the miller behavior of someone he is putting on Observation, the leadership hat. Leadership has been defined as ‘the act of arousing, engaging, and satisfying the motives of followers’in an environment of conflict, competition, or change’that results in the follower taking a course of essay, action toward a mutually shared vision'(Drea Zigrami et al, 2005-p174). Leadership is not about manipulating or exploiting followers. It cannot be faked. It is not about oration and making a historic speech. Such gimmicks can be short-lived and advantages study research, cannot provide durable and miller, enduring relationship. Advantages Of Case. Even rewards sharing are a single dimensional incentive which cannot be enduring.

As W C H Prentice opined in his article articulates about longevity of miller essay, such approach. (Understanding Leadership; W C H Prentice, 1964). 2.3.1 PERCEPTION ABOUT LEADER. ‘Human beings are not machines with a single set of push buttons. When their complex responses to love, prestige, independence, achievement and group membership are not recognized on owl purdue apap, the job, they perform at best as robots who bring far less than their maximum efficiency to the task, and at worst as rebellious slaves who consciously or unconsciously sabotage the miller essay activities they are supposed to be furthering” (ibid). Conventional managers lack skill or capacity to mba.com writing practice remove the miller deep-rooted mistrust between management and employees. Perceptions and owl purdue apap, suspicions are two-way and a serious baggage to carry. Miller Essay. While explaining pitfalls of essay tool, perception W C H Prentice argues that ‘for followers to miller recognize their leader as he really is may be as difficult for him to understand them completely’ (ibid). 2.4 LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES AND ITS APPLICATION ON TEAMWORK. ‘Good leaders don’t ask more than their constituents can give, but they often ask’and get’more than their constituents intended to give or thought it was possible to and writing give.’ (John W. Gardner, Excellence, 1984). A good leader is essay aware of the background of mutual suspicion between management and workers and recognizes need of example english essay, regaining trust and miller, is aware of ways of doing so.

Leader is a promoter of the group’s aims and advocate of the values of the organization and is always exploring for ways of carving out better techniques for reaching organizational goals efficiently while encouraging and supporting others in Community, similar pursuit. ‘Slick use of miller essay, social or psychological tricks can indeed persuade others to do your bidding, but they are unfit for continuing relationship’ (ibid). Leader has a task at hand. 2.4.1 COMPETENCIES MATRICES. Many organizations are drawing up competency matrices for the challenging position of of case in qualitative research, leader. The Center for Creative Leadership (CCL) focuses on leadership education and research on competencies essential for leaders and miller, recommends 20 competencies for advantages of case, leaders (Appendix ‘B’).

Leadership competencies are important to exploit organizations HR potentials. Essay. CCL leadership competency model is services believed to be closely matching to the competencies uncovered by miller, the worthy ‘Hay Group’ study of leadership values in Indian leaders. While organizations are undertaking gap analysis to develop and advantages study in qualitative, groom present and future leaders, skeptics are critical of the approach of breaking up of leadership into miller, unmanageable list of leadership competencies. The main objections of skeptics are that in trying to summarize leadership into distinct competencies the classic art of leadership loses its anchor as discussed below. 2.4.2 COMPETENCIES MATRICES CRITICIZED. While one can have a list of endless attributes for owl purdue apap, leader but leadership shall remain an art and shall not become a science. The auditor like approach is rightly criticized for being overly reductionist: An accountant’s style balance sheet approach is being applied to leadership which is (not mathematics/science, but) human behavior issue. It has been extensively criticized for weaknesses in its ability to take into account occupations which are characterized by a ‘high degree of uncertainty, unpredictability and discretion, and miller essay, it’s arguable tendency ‘ contrary to the aims of the model on writing center, which it is based to atomize work roles rather than represent them holistically’ Richard Bolden and essay, Jonathan Gasling (2004) cited (Lester, 1994). The main argument of the skeptics to this approach is that in owl purdue apap, trying to essay split the leadership role into constituent elements, it is losing the of case study big picture of the integrated whole.

It is articulated that standards tend to fragment the leaders role into its elements rather than representing it as a unique whole with overlapping effects of components not as tangible as being presented. While this simplification is indeed the main beauty of the competency approach, the representation is not close to representing leader’s real time situation cited ibid, (Lester, 1994; Grugulis, 1997). 2.4.3 SIZE OF ORGANIZATION. Another objection pertains to the failure to distinguish between size of miller essay, organization or position in the organization, or the variation in situations etc. ‘Standards are criticized for being overly universalistic’. A quote from the Management Standards Centre ‘whatever the size of your organization, you will find the and writing services standards have been written to meet your needs’ (MSC website, 2003), All issues individually seems OK but ‘manner in which standards may actually reinforce rather than challenge traditional ways of thinking about management or leadership’ cited ibid (Lester, 1994) is miller essay a cause of concern. The approach seems to be unpractical and is correlated as ‘driving using the rear view mirror’ cited ibid (Cullen, 1992).

Little discretion or flexibility is available to adopt and adjust according to subtle differences in situations, individuals, impact of paper, new technologies and globalization etc. The standards excessive focus on observable behaviors and indicators ‘to the exclusion of miller, less overt aspects such as values, beliefs and relationships’ could be counterproductive and owl purdue apap, become a cause of discord, cited ibid (Bell et al., 2002). Miller. The warmth of relationships and spirit de corps, the common cause seems to example of an literature essay be put on back burner. 2.4.4 FUTURE OF COMPETENCY MATRICES. The approach may one day combine emotional intelligence with artificial intelligence or other leadership models to improve current work to essay doable dimensions.

A compassionate and relationship based approach is considered more appropriate to unify team members from danger of falling into a bureaucratic tangle presently. Advantages Study In Qualitative Research. The aim of this study is not to accept or reject the miller essay competency models but to search for a model that brings out the center best in a team. Miller. Ideas of teamwork, synergy and continuous improvements cannot flourish under environment of suspicion and mistrust. Leadership must play a role to owl purdue apap improve organizational climate and trust and communication is essay important in mba.com web-based practice tool, this regards. The authority vested with leader is most potent when it is not used and there is no obvious threat or intent of using the authority.

The workforce and management have to be on miller essay, the same page to make a winning time. Example Of An Essay. ‘A leader knows thyself’. As leader, we need to appreciate that our values, beliefs, and personality are driving our success — or our failure and we need to miller essay lead in ways that reflect our own values and personality and we do not have to example english literature essay put an act. We act relaxed and natural when and connect comfortably in group settings as well as one-to-one contexts. We discover and liberate personal qualities and energies we never knew we had. We can generate team’s spirit and build stronger, more effective, more joyful organizations by liberating the leader inside us and miller essay, not emulating someone or his set of essay practice, rules. Only after knowing our inner self we can learn to truly know others and to be leader one has to know followers. 2.5 LEADER’S AWARENESS OF FOLLOWERS. ‘Leaders must know their followers well enough to coalesce the followers motives toward a common outcome. This cannot be done for essay, any length of time, unless the advantages follower is offered an opportunity to essay engage in services, value based activities.

In other words the values and essay, believes of those you wish to influence must be understood, verbalized, and coupled with organizations social purpose’ (Dera Zigrami; The Leader Within, 2005-p 174). What few crucial competencies or approach should leader have remains an important question needing answer. 2.6 ATTRIBUTES OF LEADER. Heroic Leadership, Leading with integrity and honor (William A Cohen, 2010) presents eight principles of leadership, 1) Maintain absolute integrity, 2) Know your stuff, 3) Declare your expectations, 4) Show uncommon commitment, 5) Expect positive results, 6) Take care of your people, 7) Put duty before self and 8) Get out in front. The author with tilt towards military leadership does present a set of traits equally applicable to corporate sector. In the ‘The Leadership Challenge’, 4th Edition, (James M. Kouzes, 2010) has articulated the historically proven and still valid five practices of exemplary leadership namely 1). Model the and writing services way; dealing with leading by miller essay, example, 2) Inspire a shared vision; involving everyone 3). Challenge the and writing process; innovating and miller, exploring 4) Enable others to act; empowerment and involvement 5). Of Case Study. Encourage the miller heart; celebrating and owl purdue apap, rewarding. 2.7 OUTCOME OF LEADERSHIP. The leader’s unique legacy is the creation of valued institutions that survive over time.

The most significant contribution leaders make is not simply to today’s bottom line; it is to the long-term development of people and institutions so they can adapt, change, prosper and grow. et al. The integrity or credibility of leader is the sole basis on essay, which people are ready to be led voluntarily. Credibility is Observation not measureable and until proven guilty leaders integrity cannot be questioned. Miller. Subordinates perception about leader’s integrity is crucial and often it is Observation paper also correct so those who fake can do so for little while. Injustice has adverse effect on employee’s perception about organizational justice especially if the outcome has adverse effect on individual (Brockner and essay, wiesenfield, 1996).

When organization treats leader with injustice it gets noticed by research, employees more so in cases where high quality relationship existed between leaders and followers (Cole and Scott, 1998). Organizations dealing with leader fairly and leaders dealing with followers appropriately thus form important prerequisite for essay, effective leadership. Owl Purdue Apap. People want to miller be guided by those with integrity and a clear sense of and writing services, direction. Leader must possess a clear sense of direction and miller essay, articulate a strong vision of the future. A person who fakes commitment to values may look good and get promoted but cannot inspire others. Self-serving leaders are less effective because their subordinates only obey them, and they do not follow them. But as the web-based essay practice tool Hawthorne experiments confirmed, perception of genuine concern about workforce shall move team’s productivity graph in only one direction even when management takes opposite actions. 2.8 INTEGRITY OF MANAGERS. Integrity of managers is important to determine but is a tough ask as it is miller essay easy to wear integrity on services, sleeve through deception. (Robert B. Kaiser and Robert Hogan, 2010) in research, ‘HOW TO (AND HOW NOT TO) ASSESS THE INTEGRITY OF MANAGERS’ also emphasizes integrity as a leadership competency for managers and miller essay, cites previous research showing that subordinates performance gets affected due to low integrity of managers. Deceitful behavior of and writing services, managers of Enron and Tyco in 2001was cited as cause of demise of firm but the discovery after the fact is of less value and miller essay, there is need to preempt such events.

The research found that subordinates may not express their true reservations about integrity of managers while we know that their perception degrades their performance as already discussed. The low performing managers scored well on integrity issues along with high performing managers. The researchers then devised an alternative method and inquired on subordinate expectations about the likelihood that their boss could behave unethically responded differently. This method suggested that a much larger segment of help center, subordinates perceive their managers to be having integrity issues and miller, this had correlation with low-performing managers. The manager with integrity is better placed to get results from team members by learning about advantages of case in qualitative research team dynamics. Simply stated teamwork is miller about splitting task into constituents and hiring individuals to undertake individual constituents for of case study in qualitative, the task to be completed with leader undertaking function of coordination and control. Studies reveal those effective and efficient teams are rare and minor problems can cause dysfunction to miller essay teamwork. Leaders play an important role in the establishment of a teamwork. The leadership role is comprehensive and apart from creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and opportunities are created for employees to actively get involved and Setting, deliver. Leaders need to set a positive example and encourage teamwork by rewarding enabling behavior..

Common goal is best achieved when individual contributions are synchronized. Miller Essay. Delivery of a letter by post-office involves separate actions by various players like acquiring postage stamps, dropping and collection from letterbox, sorting, dispatch to destinations and delivery. The actions are undertaken by individuals separately but failure of one component effects outcome while individual is not dependent on support of essay, others in accomplishing individual role or task. While a surgeon is undertaking a complex surgery or a manufacturing plant is miller essay making a complex part, underperformance of one casts effect on essay, effectiveness of miller, others. The interdependence augments need of uwo, teamwork which requires understanding how my part of job effects the person and the ultimate goal. Individuals have to look beyond their unique activities and understand the bigger picture for organizational effectiveness. Team and miller essay, teamwork is no panacea for all ills.

Teamwork is Community Setting Observation no guarantee for miller essay, success and ‘social scientists have found it much easier to prove process losses rather than synergy gains due to teamwork’ and limits its size to owl purdue apap 20 with smaller the essay better. (Teamwork’ By C. H. Antoni, ABO-Psychologie, Fachbereich I) Cooperation, coordination, and satisfied employees are essential teamwork requirements, including some conditions given as Appendix ‘E’. ‘ 3.1.1 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF TEAMWORK. While autonomy or participation in decision making has long been discussed from a motivational perspective’ only its more useful benefits include ‘advantages of shared mental model and broader input base’ at the time of planning. The Pfeiffer Book of Successful Team-Building Tools: Best of the Annuals by Elaine and http://www.scribd.com/doc/52916324/1/What-Is-Teamwork list 12 disadvantages of Teamwork alongside 12 advantages of teamwork produced at Appendix ‘F’. The list depicts how complexity increases due to increased need of example of an, coordination, communication and cooperation. Advantages occur due to more brains and physical resources. To make Team successful, environment may be made conducive to exploit the miller advantages and safeguards be erected against disadvantages. And Writing. This shall require individual members to be trained looking forward to contribute towards group objectives. Intrinsically satisfied employees can think and act in this direction and managements must focus on miller, having satisfied employees. 3.1.2 COMPETENCIES FOR TEAMWORK. Literature is littered with competencies required for teamwork as well as Leadership .Like Be-Know-Do model for leadership (App ‘A’), a Think-Do-Feel model is presented by advantages study in qualitative, J A Canon-Bowers and E Salas (2010) reflecting ‘what team members’ Think-Do-Feel. The competencies required are broken down into Knowledge, Skills and essay, Attitude or KSA.

While discussing leadership competencies and Hay groups 75 or CCL’s 20 leadership competencies we cited critics questioning the wisdom of mba.com web-based tool, breaking down into miller essay, constituents as overly simplistic. As leadership is part of teamwork, 130 competencies list are drawn for effective teamwork, and divided these into Setting paper, 8 skill dimensions including adaptability, shared situational awareness, interpersonal skills, and miller essay, communication skills, citing Cannon-Bowers (1995) in Team Effectiveness and Competencies (2010). 3.1.2.1 KNOWLEDGE, SKILL AND ABILITIES FOR TEAMWORK. Attitude of members and leader is important for teamwork. Winston Churchill said ‘Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference’.

Mutual respect and trust creates cohesion which is help center important for miller, Teamwork. Skills required for team members may broadly be integrated into three categories namely 1) Job specific KSAs; beyond scope of this study, 2) Team Interpersonal KSAs which include conflict management KSAs, Collaborative problem solving KSAs and owl purdue apap, Communication KSAs 3) Self Management KSAs which include Goal setting and Performance Management KSAs and miller, Planning and Task Coordination KSAs. People bring individual needs, requirements and aspirations to owl purdue apap an organization where the leader helps individuals in their pursuits and align these with organizational objectives. Essay. Some characteristic like interpersonal skills play crucial role in owl purdue apap, team development and team functioning. When people join to accomplish common goals team is formed. Congenial interpersonal relations foster in effective teams where member are freed from problem of having to deal with complicated conflict and process issues ibid cited (Hackman and Morris, 1975, Lawler 1986; Sears 1989-p506). Miller Essay. These also lead to active, willing and productive participation on the part of and writing, all team members.

In the miller team environment, interpersonal demands are much greater than in Setting paper, individual based environment, Lawler, (1986). 3.1.3 CONFLICT IN TEAMWORK. Team effectiveness depends upon ability of individual members to miller successfully manage interpersonal relations with one another Perkins and Abramis, (1990-p506). Interpersonal relation strikes balance between destructive conflict or extremely warm relations, both prohibiting objective communication ibid cited (hackman and web-based writing, Oldham, (1980 P 199). Miller Essay. Interpersonal skills do not evade or ignore conflicts. Skills are required to reach optimum solution from divergent views emerging during day to mba.com web-based essay practice day functioning. Realization that conflict is important for improvement is well recognized yet not extensively practiced.

The ability to effectively manage and resolve conflicts has been recognized by many authors as an essay important interpersonal attribute for team members, Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cites (Gladstien, 1984; and owl purdue apap, many more Page 507). Early organizational thinkers felt all conflicts was negative ibid cite Derr (1972) and saw it as managements failure to streamline processes and essay, went about improving job descriptions and owl purdue apap, procedures. Miller Essay. ‘Conflict is essential ingredient of teamwork’. It leads to improvements. Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cited Mcgregor (1960) who suggested that conflict is something more effective teams welcome. Ignoring or avoiding confronting conflict to project false sense of harmony contributes to unease, frustration and stress. Positive effects from writing help center, conflicts include airing opinions and dissatisfactions, reducing stress, fostering innovations and miller essay, stabilizing relationships by removing discord. Feedbacks must always be given and accepted objectively and positively and timely information sharing must be ensured. Conflicts can have negative as well as positive outcome, depending upon its nature and amount and how it is addressed ibid cites Gersick and Davis-Sacks (1990). Members must contribute in creating environment of trust, appreciating differences and conflicts as legitimate and example english, natural occurrence and encourage dialogue and seek to essay explore reaching best solution from organizational perspective.

Individual team members must see conflict as a natural and positive outcome and encourage positive conflict and web-based practice tool, discourage negative conflict. Sources of conflict include simple misunderstanding or miscommunication, structural or situational factors, incompatible performance goals or rewards, requirements of joint decision making, differences in values, orientations, or objectives, or physical design of workplace area ibid cites Thomas (1977). Understanding of differences is necessary to apply correct remedy. Conflict originating from misunderstanding and miscommunication requires questioning and listening techniques while conflict arising due to miller members feeling of discrimination due to writing help center distasteful task can be resolved through rotating task assignment schedule (Deutsch et al, 1973-p 508). 3.1.4 DECISIONMAKING IN TEAMWORK.

Similarly joint decision making has roots in miller essay, differences between member’s objectives, needs and and writing services, perceptions. There must be tolerance to allow members to express feelings and miller essay, ideas. Before decision making, it should be ensured that everyone participates, including the passive ones. ‘Leadership must show that speaking up is not just safe but mandatory.’ People do not speak because they think it is waste of time. They think decision has been made and meetings are a show. It is not suggested that all decisions have to undergo same process of deliberations.

Decisions could be made on Observation paper, the run but then in meetings we brief how decision was reached and examine pros and cons of the decision instead of faking a discussion to ratify decision. The importance of hearing critical information must be reiterated over and over again to remove misconceptions and miller, misperceptions. Warren Bennis, Daniel Goleman and James O’Toole ‘Transparency: How Leaders Create a Culture of mba.com essay, Candor’. Individuals shall be biased towards solutions that serve their respective goals better than the organizational goals and essay, they have to acquire skills of Collaborative Problem Solving Skills Team members require skills to ‘plan, design and execute a project or task’ with shared objectives. They need to services understand that plans rarely work as envisaged and they must also plan to seek feedbacks to test and revise plans while implementing and miller, adhering to ‘agreed quality standards and specifications’. Members require ability to services ‘select and use appropriate tools and technology’ and essay, quickly ‘adapt to changing requirements and information’. This requires continuous monitoring the progress of project or task and identifying ways to Community paper improve. Miller Essay. Encouraging participation and feeling good about participation increases employee buy-in. Besides professional job skills members need to develop Thinking and problem solving skills to aptly ‘assess situations and identify problems’ and elicit different points of view and undertake fact based unbiased analysis. Uwo. This requires skills to distinguish and miller, differentiate between ‘human, interpersonal, technical, scientific and mathematical dimensions of problem’ and ‘identifying its root cause’. Identifying actual root cause and not symptoms require deep pondering and devising solution may require out of box thinking along with use of conventional tools.

To examine, observe and and writing services, ‘share knowledge, solve problems’ and select probable options or solutions. Finally decide in favor of most feasible option by progressively rejecting other options and essay, implementing the selected option and Community, seeking continual improvements. 3.2 COMMUNICATION OBSTACLES IN TEAMWORK. All these appear good in books and lectures but in real time there are barriers to open and frank exchange of views. Miller. There are coalitions, sub-teams lobbying for Setting paper, favorable decisions and objectivity is compromised. The situation calls for special Team Communication Skills where issue is debated on merits. A strange phenomenon is miller said to exist that ‘higher the literature leaders rise, the less honest feedback they get from followers about their leadership, due to this group think of limiting information. Warren Bennis, Daniel Goleman and James O’Toole (2008); Transparency: How Leaders Create a Culture of Candor.

Bottom up communication is like moving against gravity and miller essay, a high power motor of trust and support is required to encourage flow of information upwards. Pre-requisite of correct decision making is smooth upwards flow of and writing, information. Lack of candor can be very disastrous. The book recalls the miller ill-fated Challenger which exploded in mid-air in 1987. NASA did not learn its lesson: In 2003, the events were recreated in shape of the Columbia shuttle disaster. The authors lament NASA’s organizational culture where engineers were afraid to example of an raise safety concerns with managers who were obsessed about meeting flight schedules. The book is miller emphasizing on need to Community Setting nurturing the culture of candor. 3.3 MEDIA AGE AND ITS IMPACT ON TEAMWORK. Transparency is enhanced when an organization’s leaders are committed to it.

Actually, the authors cited a sobering fact: ‘Even when leaders resist it, transparency is miller inescapable in the digital age.’ Google has it impossible for any candidate to example literature deny past actions or statements. YouTube has changed America’s political discourse. In this idea-packed book, leaders and managers will have a roadmap toward transparency’or culture of essay, candor. Mba.com Web-based Essay Practice. They speak of three elements to achieve this: Transparency, trust, and speaking truth to power. ‘Speaking truth to power’ is a new phrase in our leadership vocabulary. It means speaking the truth to miller essay your superior even if he is ‘ to shoot the messenger’meaning, you. Literature. Communication hinges upon mutual trust between team members. Communication plays crucial role in essay, team effectiveness and Observation, lack of communication appears as a frequently emerging factor contributing to miller essay deviation and mba.com web-based essay, non-compliance. Team communication skills are built on basic communication skills like ability to ‘read and understand information presented’. Miller. Importance of listening is often lost and seniors find it appropriate to be reading while listening to Community Setting paper a reportee. Not only this is discourteous but it discourages the speaker and listener also looses in grasping content and essay, intentions. Interactive two way communication with active listening increases communication effectiveness.

Active listening includes attention to non-verbal communication and helps in grasping the example literature intent and miller, intensity of situation along with content. Ability to gain attention of team members, by practice tool, undertaking coordinated speaking and writing, while asking questions and essay, listening to answers and appreciating unexpected and opposing points of view of others is important. Encouraging silent members to mba.com web-based essay writing practice participate can be achieved by seeking to hear about agreements or expression of essay, their reservations. This requires intelligent handling of situation and it is writing center uwo important to see that members are not embarrassed while seeking their involvement. People do not openly oppose popular views and privately share their disagreements with selected course of action. 3.4 MUTUAL TRUST AND ITS IMPACT ON TEAMWORK. Team Formation and Functioning hinges and sustains on trusting. Miller. For team members to trust in the team, they must feel that (a) the team is competent enough to accomplish their task and literature, (b) that the team will not harm the miller essay individual or his or her interests (Daniel R. Ilgen, John R. Hollenbeck, Michael Johnson and owl purdue apap, Dustin Jundt, 2005).

Team formation often follows the sequence of storming, norming and performing. A team is made up of individuals who have required professional skills to undertake variety of miller essay, jobs to be undertaken like in a surgery procedure we have surgeon, anesthetist, nurses and etc who all contribute to effective and efficient outcome. While individual responsibilities vary, every member is committed to contribute to group goal of owl purdue apap, successful procedure and essay, is willing to support and help each other. The group may have a leader appointed or mutually selected who coordinates and Community Setting paper, leads as required. Miller Essay. There is advantages of case study in qualitative research enabling culture where members openly discuss ideas and express their views in a positive and supportive manner.

This includes expressing disagreements and miller, ability to Community Observation resolve conflicts in constructive fashion. Everyone actively participates in decision making process by giving their inputs and carefully listening to inputs of others. Miller. The team critically reviews and writing practice tool, monitors its performance and miller essay, explores new avenues for improvements to continually learn and improve. Members do not hesitate to of case challenge or question each other’s actions in pursuit of team goals maintaining positivity, (http://www.kent.ac.uk/careers/sk/leadership.htm). 3.5 INDICATORS OF DYSFUNCTIONAL TEAMTEAMWORK. Indicators and miller essay, symptoms of dysfunctional team must be known to team leaders and members so that they can apply remedy and treat the advantages of case study research team. Miller Essay. Some common symptoms include every member not participating and few members dominating agenda leading others to withdraw into advantages in qualitative research, oblivion or silence. Miller. Member’s participation gets reduced and only few people contribute ideas because attention is not given to all members.

Majority passively participates and do not contribute and study, could be ‘indifferent, bored or afraid to contribute’. They may have faced discouragement when their or other member’s ideas were ignored or even ridiculed by laughing it off. Seniors fail to protect minority view to encouraging and appreciating the value of the idea. Members lack the skills to constructively resolve difference of opinion through objective analysis and end up personalizing differences. Ideas may not get be accepted or rejected on merit or those whose ideas get rejected often may get feeling of failure. Members may fake consensus and privately complain about decisions and actions. Instead of miller, undertaking thorough examination of pros and cons of writing help center, alternative options, voting may be done to essay reach decisions, leaving members discontented and uncommitted. Deadlines may get flouted and members focus about their tasks, roles and goals get blurred everyone feeling helpless and members evade discussing how the groups working can be improved. To be able to treat such teams we need to develop Understanding of root causes of Observation, Dysfunctions of Team. Essay. The issue is explained nicely in fable; five dysfunctions of a team, where problem stems from lack of trust among team members.

When team members have hidden agenda and prefer individual goals over Community paper team goals they find it difficult to openly discuss their own difficulties, mistakes and weaknesses and are busy justifying their actions and contributions. This defensive framework makes it impossible to miller essay built trust which leads to second dysfunction which is fear of conflict. The fear of conflict prohibits members from getting into meaningful and passionate discussion over differences and presenting new and meetings and discussions produce little outcome. Avoidance of conflict gives birth to third dysfunction: lack of commitment. When decision making, performance review etc are conducted with fear of conflict and members do not participate openly, they intrinsically do not buy-in to the decisions on team goals and focus on individual goal.

This lack of commitment to team goal lead to fourth dysfunction: avoidance of accountability. When team is not passionately committed to Community Observation organizational goal or to a clear action plan it lacks the miller ability of thorough introspection and specially it lacks the ability to examine behaviors and advantages in qualitative, actions of peers. Only through strong commitment can one get rid of avoidance of accountability by miller essay, thrashing all avenues including challenging peers disregarding fears of conflict. The avoidance of accountability leads to advantages of case study fifth dysfunction: Inattention to results. Team members forge their departments, divisions or personal agenda and while pretending to miller essay participate in deliberations they remain reserved and committed to study their personal goals. From planning to execution stage individual goals get undeclared preference and key parameters for organizational goals get obscured. The five dysfunctions can be avoided when team goals have clear preference over individual goals and miller essay, members trust each other. They shun fear of conflict and communicate objectively exploring all options to before committing to the appropriate one.

Decisions made after such deliberations are accepted whole heartedly by members and they hold each other accountable to deliver against the promises made. Literature. The members focus on achieving group goals over sub-groups goals and keep monitoring results/outcomes. An understanding of teams functioning and dysfunction can help in miller essay, diagnosing problems and improving team efficiency and effectiveness. Leaders play an important role in the establishment of writing help uwo, a safety culture. Miller. The leadership role is comprehensive and apart from creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and opportunities created for employees to actively participate. Leaders need to in qualitative set a positive example and not engage in behaviour that may deteriorate trust and adversely affect their credibility. DIOGNOSTIC TOOL FRAMEWORK. Teamwork is miller essay not limited to domain of particular school like HRM or SHRM. Team is formed when at least two (or) at least three people join hands for a purpose.

The union brings into interaction a number of mba.com web-based essay writing, sciences, approaches and theories into play including followings. (http://web.mit.edu/16.459/www/Salas.pdf): ‘Social psychological approach’: ‘Human resource approach’: ‘Coalition forming approach’: ‘Functional (taxonomic) or task-oriented approach’: Teamwork being multi-school specialty and applying universal principles or rules is miller essay difficult. Study. Inhibitions and perceptions shall impact effectiveness but diagnosing and treating problem is complex in miller, the absence of agreement on fundamentals including shared goals and mutual trust. The scope is limited to perception of team members on mba.com web-based writing tool, fundamentals, essentials, and as many desirables as appropriate. Teamwork and miller, leadership are intertwined as team cannot function without effective leader. Members find it hard to express feelings about mba.com web-based essay writing leader but how they feel about leader impacts their contribution to team. ‘ Trust is miller paramount between leader to members, members to leader, and members to members. ‘ Individual’s goals must be aligned to Team goals and every individual must value team goals over individual goals. ‘ Core values are important and Setting Observation, leader must be reiterating core values and reward should be value based. ‘ Team members are interdependent in achievement of essay, team goals as well as their personal goals.

‘ Self esteem and inner feelings and services, perception about leader are important. Team members feeling good being in team and miller, desire to help remain part of team. ‘ Comprehensive review of functions and dysfunctions can help evaluate a team’s effectiveness. ‘ Degree of miller essay, involvement and participation during reviews, meetings through communication, conflict resolution with focus on owl purdue apap, vitals and miller essay, goals. ‘ Team skills to built enabling environment to Community Setting Observation improve team functioning. ‘ Goals and roles clarity. ‘ Communication and information flow. ‘ Team skills to built enabling environment to improve team functioning.

‘ Innovation and creativity. ‘ Equity in Reward and Compensation. ‘ Training and Development. RESULT: DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENT TESTING. 5.1 INTRODUCTION: The sample from the selected organization who responded are given below: S. No Deptt Name Total Respondents Total Employees Sample. 1 Operations 11 218 5.05. 2 Cargo 10 212 4.72. 3 Ramp 8 194 4.12.

4 Admin 4 83 4.82. 5 Accounts 5 59 8.47. TOTAL 40 770 5.19. FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION TABLE: PART I. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 6 17 4 9 2 38. 2 3 18 6 8 3 38.

3 4 21 8 4 1 38. 4 8 24 6 1 0 39. 5 12 24 2 0 0 38. 6 14 20 2 2 0 38. 7 4 17 13 1 1 36. 8 6 21 4 3 3 37. 9 4 10 10 6 5 35. 10 1 11 7 7 9 35. 11 3 11 9 5 7 35. 12 8 20 6 0 1 35. 13 4 18 4 5 4 35.

14 1 6 20 4 1 32. Leadership Questions: Part II. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 2 22 5 5 2 36. 2 2 10 11 6 0 29. 3 4 22 6 2 1 35. 4 4 19 10 2 0 35. 5 2 16 11 4 1 34. 6 7 15 8 4 1 35.

7 3 14 9 5 2 33. 9 1 14 8 6 1 30. 10 2 15 5 5 2 29. 11 8 6 3 7 7 31. 12 4 16 5 5 1 31. Part III: Teamwork. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 15 14 4 4 0 37. 2 7 20 7 3 0 37.

3 9 20 7 2 0 38. 4 3 17 11 6 0 37. 5 1 17 12 6 1 37. 6 1 15 13 5 2 36. 7 9 8 13 3 2 35. 8 9 18 6 1 1 35. 9 9 15 10 2 0 36. 10 7 18 5 6 0 36. 11 5 21 6 3 2 37. 12 12 21 2 2 0 37.

13 5 13 11 6 1 36. 14 9 17 8 2 0 36. 15 4 3 6 14 10 37. 16 1 15 10 10 0 36. 17 8 12 5 10 0 35. PART I (experience and miller, response. AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 1 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 0 3 0 2 1 6.

16-20 YEARS 1 1 3 0 0 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 1 4 5 3 6 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 2 1 1 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 1 1 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 2 1 3 1 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 2 1 2 0 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 2 1 9 3 4 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 3 0 2 2 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 3 0 4 1 1 0 6.

16-20 YEARS 3 0 4 1 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 3 4 8 3 3 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 4 1 3 2 0 0 6 39. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 4 1 4 0 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 4 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 4 5 9 4 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 5 1 3 0 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 0 0 0 2.

11-15 YEARS 5 1 5 0 0 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 5 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 5 7 9 2 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 6 1 2 1 0 0 4 37. 6-10 YEARS 6 1 1 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 3 2 0 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 6 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 6 6 11 0 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 7 1 3 0 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 7 0 0 2 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 0 4 2 0 0 6.

16-20 YEARS 7 1 2 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 7 2 7 5 1 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 4 0 0 0 4 35. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 8 0 3 1 0 1 5. 16-20 YEARS 8 0 4 0 1 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 8 6 7 2 2 1 18.

0-5 YEARS 9 0 1 1 0 0 2 33. 6-10 YEARS 9 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 9 1 2 2 0 1 6. 16-20 YEARS 9 2 2 1 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 9 1 4 4 4 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 10 0 1 1 0 1 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 10 0 1 2 0 3 6. 16-20 YEARS 10 1 1 1 3 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 10 0 6 3 3 4 16. 0-5 YEARS 11 0 2 1 0 0 3 34.

6-10 YEARS 11 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 2 2 1 1 6. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 0 1 1 3 6. 21-265 YEARS 11 2 4 5 2 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 12 1 5 0 0 0 6.

16-20 YEARS 12 3 2 1 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 12 4 8 3 0 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 13 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 13 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 13 1 2 1 2 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 13 0 4 1 0 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 13 3 8 1 1 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 14 0 1 2 0 0 3 31. 6-10 YEARS 14 0 0 2 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 14 0 1 3 1 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 14 0 2 4 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 14 1 1 9 3 1 15. PART II (experience and response) AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 1 1 2 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 1 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 0 3 0 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 1 0 3 0 1 1 5.

21-265 YEARS 1 1 11 2 2 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 3 0 0 0 3 27. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 2 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 2 0 1 2 1 0 4. 21-265 YEARS 2 2 6 3 2 0 13. 0-5 YEARS 3 0 4 0 0 0 4 33. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 0 1 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 3 0 5 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 3 1 2 0 1 0 4. 21-265 YEARS 3 3 8 5 0 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 4 0 2 1 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 4 1 1 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 4 1 2 1 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 4 2 12 3 0 0 17. 0-5 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3 32. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 0 1 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 5 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 5 2 1 1 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 5 0 7 6 2 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 6 0 3 0 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 6 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 6 2 2 0 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 6 4 6 4 2 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 7 0 2 1 0 0 3 31. 6-10 YEARS 7 1 0 0 1 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 0 0 1 4 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 7 1 2 2 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 7 1 8 5 0 2 16. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 3 0 0 0 3 32. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 8 0 0 1 2 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 8 0 2 0 2 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 8 5 1 3 4 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 9 0 2 0 1 0 3 29.

6-10 YEARS 9 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 9 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 9 0 2 3 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 9 1 6 3 2 1 13. 0-5 YEARS 10 0 1 0 1 0 2 28. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 10 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 10 0 3 1 0 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 10 2 7 2 1 1 13. 0-5 YEARS 11 1 1 0 0 0 2 30.

6-10 YEARS 11 0 1 1 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 1 1 1 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 1 0 2 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 11 5 2 1 4 3 15. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 0 0 0 2 30. 6-10 YEARS 12 1 1 0 1 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 12 0 3 0 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 12 0 3 0 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 12 3 8 3 0 1 15. PART III (experience and response) AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 0 3 0 0 0 3 35.

6-10 YEARS 1 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 5 0 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 1 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 1 7 3 4 4 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 1 2 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 2 2 2 1 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 2 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 2 4 7 4 3 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 3 1 3 0 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 3 2 2 1 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 3 2 4 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 3 4 7 5 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 4 0 0 2 1 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 3 0 0 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 4 0 3 1 1 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 4 0 3 2 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 4 2 8 6 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 5 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 5 0 3 1 2 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 5 0 8 6 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 6 0 1 2 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 6 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 1 3 1 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 6 0 1 2 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 6 0 7 7 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 7 0 0 3 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 7 0 1 0 1 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 2 0 2 0 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 7 2 1 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 7 5 5 5 1 2 18. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 3 0 0 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 8 1 3 0 0 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 8 1 4 0 0 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 8 7 6 5 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 9 0 1 2 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 9 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 9 0 2 1 1 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 9 1 2 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 9 6 7 4 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 10 2 1 1 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 10 1 3 0 0 0 4.

16-20 YEARS 10 1 4 0 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 10 3 7 3 5 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 11 0 3 0 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 11 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 4 0 0 1 5. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 11 4 6 5 2 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 12 1 2 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 12 1 4 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 12 3 3 0 0 0 6.

21-265 YEARS 12 7 8 1 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 13 0 1 2 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 13 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 13 1 1 1 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 13 2 2 2 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 13 2 7 5 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 14 0 3 0 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 14 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 14 2 2 1 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 14 1 3 1 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 14 6 8 3 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 15 0 0 1 1 1 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 15 0 0 0 3 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 15 1 1 0 1 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 15 2 1 0 2 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 15 1 1 4 6 6 18. 0-5 YEARS 16 0 0 1 1 0 2 33.

6-10 YEARS 16 0 1 2 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 16 0 2 1 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 16 1 3 1 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 16 0 9 4 5 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 17 0 0 1 1 0 2 33. 6-10 YEARS 17 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 17 2 1 2 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 17 2 2 0 2 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 17 4 6 4 4 0 18. RESULT: ANALYSIS OF RESULT. Doing Great or just ordinary (Organization) RESEARCH METHODOLOGY DESIGN EXECUTION. Teamwork appeared to be a novel idea and it was expected that flocks of interested parties would be eager to in qualitative benefit from the study. What appeared to be a great idea soon hit a difficulty. Teamwork cannot be examined in isolation as leadership is integral part of the episode.

Leadership cannot be tested in isolation and has to be seen in context of organizational approach towards human resource. The methodology of testing leadership and teamwork or standard HR issues attracted inhibitions and fear. Essay. The organization that initially welcomed the idea and was insisting that test be applied on center, the most crucial department suddenly backed out and refused to support the research. The fallout of adverse finding was fearsome and inability to collect data could derail the project.. The biggest question was, how do I get access to the data that was crucial to test the idea and concept. Credibility of researcher was not an miller issue. Owl Purdue Apap. In fact established credibility and interest in topic was the cause of initial encouragement and support.

The organization valued the need of research but and also believed in capability of researcher but was skeptical of fall out of miller essay, adverse finding and its impact. Seeking a new organization to support research became difficult. The diagnostic framework was liked by practice tool, professionals but like venereal disease there was sensitivity involved and one cannot allow published research. Faced with this dilemma this researcher chooses a quasi unethical course. An organization was selected where a fair deal of goodwill was enjoyed.

The designed instrument was administered on top management who filled the questionnaire. This was treated as tacit approval and the quietly administered on a set of miller, employees of writing help uwo, various departments. The process highlighted the importance of finalizing data collection methodology and degree os access required. Perfectly good idea may get bogged down for reasons of miller essay, sensitivity or interest of other party. 6.2 EMPLOYEE PERCEPTION.

Teamwork essentials and desirables are intangible and how can these be measured was the first question. Mba.com Practice Tool. Perception of miller, employees was the answer but is the Community Observation paper perception of employees about leadership issues correct. Employees are biased and do not have ability to see leaders actions objectively. How can a study be dependent on such perception was the essay next question. Owl Purdue Apap. The answer was that perception is miller more important than reality and its part of paper, leadership responsibility to maintain employee perception. Having decided to collect data about essay employee perception the mba.com essay practice tool next question was how to persuade employees to respond objectively and not in a manner where they form expectations of management decisions on the basis of research and feed tainted information. This part was attempted by correctly briefing them that this is miller essay not a management sponsored activity but a project of an individual and of pure academic consequence. Writing Uwo. It is believed that employees accepted this truth on face value. Convenience sample was chosen and test was dispensed in miller essay, single sitting and and writing, successfully we obtained result from miller essay, 5 % of organization employees.

6.3 INSTRUMENT VERSATILITY AND APPLICATION. The instrument was designed to cover various types of industries, types of organizations like government or private and also various department and experience level. Despite the ease in survey due to internet based launch and ease associated with calculations, such methodology was rejected as there has to writing center uwo be focus on sufficient input from same organization. At some stage the study scope may be increased to cover issues of industry but teamwork itself is such delicate variable likely to get effected by intangibles, so the miller essay temptation was curbed and conventional data collection and analysis was undertaken. Only one organization was covered and just over 5 % employees responded. Fortunately all departments got adequate representation.

6.3.1 MORE ON VERSATILITY. The questions about department and years of service brackets gave us ability to examine difference in owl purdue apap, response in terms of various strata of the organization. Such analysis shall allow OD initiative to be focused and prudent instead of being generalized. While formulating action plan the department or experience level and perception is miller revealing and and writing, immensely valuable. Miller Essay. 5 point scale was selected for its ease, popularity and help center, power to miller express outcome in statistically viable term. Instead of services, limiting research to its scope of leadership and teamwork, other HR attributes like equity, training and development and etc were included as defective basic structure cannot be expected to essay yield true teamwork fruits. PART I questions are focused on HR issues that effects organizations structure while Part II and Part III focuses on leadership and and writing services, Teamwork areas. 6.4 RESEARCH SETTING.

Faced with the dilemma of refusal from initially agreed participant, this researcher was confused and disillusioned. Importance of confidentiality now became important as it would be inappropriate to name the organization that initially approved access but just before start of dispensing refused access for miller, reason that its reputation and/or prestige may get effected. Web-based Essay Writing Practice. Where do you find another organization? I saw a CEO and gave him the test; they obliged and also helped me improve the miller form. I also gave the form to few senior officers of the example of an english literature organization to which the CEO did not object. This was treated as tacit approval and miller, I dispensed convenience sample to a mix of study research, people who represented over 5 % of the population. Participants were gathered in various departments and requested to miller express their views, who believed CEO has consented to example of an english essay pure academic study and not a management initiative.

Desperate times require desperate measures. The time constraint of researcher did not allow practice of miller essay, higher level of ethics. The lesson learned was that method of data collection has to be discussed in greater detail at example english literature start of project, It is duty of researcher to analyze potential areas of sensitivity and carefully design project which remain attractive to miller organization, The disguise I practiced was to example of an english essay arrange a class size of about 30 students and gave a lecture on miller, methods of practice tool, having a documented Quality Management System and also administered the miller essay test to the class which duly represented all departments. Writing Help Uwo. The mandate was unethically exceeded. The important question remains; Have you considered fully the extent and nature of the access that you will require in order to be able to answer your research question and miller, meet your objectives? The answer is yes. The sample does represent the population as given in table below as all departments are duly represented. Mba.com Essay Writing Practice Tool. More importantly, the research question has been addressed to answer the research question. Why teamwork is so rare in essay, real world is web-based better understood after the study and shall be discussed in the coming chapter. S. No Deptt Name Total Respondents Total Employees Sample. 1 Operations 11 218 5.05.

2 Cargo 10 212 4.72. 3 Ramp 8 194 4.12. 4 Admin 4 83 4.82. 5 Accounts 5 59 8.47. TOTAL 40 770 5.19. 6.4.1 Few respondents were hesitant in addressing all questions while few did not want to participate. Those willing to miller essay omit any question were allowed to do so and example literature essay, those who were reluctant to participate were given the paper with request to miller return filled questionnaire if they had a change of heart.

None reappeared to return blank or filled sheet. The questionnaire was based on the methodology developed to english literature assess the fundamentals, essentials and desirables of teamwork and leadership. The scope was increased to include Strategic Human Resource essentials to assess that pre-requisites or ground work for miller essay, team work exists or not. The Part I of instrument focused on basic policies and essentials of modern organization. Without satisfactory compliance to Part I the services question of having good leadership and teamwork will be premature to answer. An organization having failed to address basics may first address the more important issues before going for miller, teamwork excellence.

Leadership and Teamwork may fail due to functional factors or dysfunctional elements as given in template. Response is depicted as shown below and five point responses were awarded -2, -1, 0, 1 and 2 for responses of strongly agreed to strongly disagree. The response is services multiplied by frequency of each response to miller essay calculate average the response is also reflected in example literature essay, pie chart and mean is reflected in essay, pie chart. For comparison of web-based, departments response pie chart has been used and essay, experience response is represented by mean. Three prong analysis of single question, overall response, then response by help center uwo, three major departments to the same question besides experience 1-15 and more than 15 years response provide a multi-dimensional view of essay, research question. Question:1 Perception about Organizations performance. strongly Agree Agree disagree strongly Disagree. QNO Great Good Neutral not good bad Total. 1 6 17 4 9 2 38. % 15.8 44.7 10.5 23.7 5.3 100.0. CODE ‘X” -2.0 -1.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 SUM FxX.

(F)x(X) -12.0 -17.0 0.0 9.0 4.0 -16.0. VERY HIGH HIGH AVERAGE VERY LOW. This division of services, overall response into miller, responses from services, three major departments like Operations, Ramp and Cargo and then the response has been viewed against experience of respondents from 0-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-29 years and more than 20 years. The information was rearranged into responses of miller essay, employees with less than 15 years experience and more than 15 years experience for simplicity. Looking at research question from departments stand point and experience stand point along with total response give a fair insight into the research question and also indicative of target audience to administer OD solutions. Five respondents were selected to Observation paper reappear in the test to measure reliability of instrument. The reliability varied between 78-88 % which is considered good.

Validity of the instrument was assessed by randomly including or excluding part of miller essay, data and overall change in result was not substantial. With more sample population the reliability shall improve. Teamwork comes from shared goals and objectives and leadership creates the environment of goal and/or resource sharing. What appeared to example of an be a great idea soon hit a difficulty as sponsors were looking for outcome that would glorify them and miller essay, adverse findings would be kept under wrap? Organizations like to avoid addressing concepts of strategic human resource management (SHRM) without being on owl purdue apap, record. Essential functions like recruitment or selection, training and development or maintaining equity, most principles are violated on the pretext of contingency (or expediency). An organization that does not view its human capital as resource and treats it as expense shall find it difficult to essay promote team environment. Where HR is not a business partner but an expense, albeit, to save organization from of an english essay, litigation alone cannot hope to be great in teamwork or leadership. Miller Essay. So before going into teamwork we have to assess the Community Setting Observation paper level of essay, management awareness and adherence to modern practice of exploiting human potentials. Part I of services, instrument was designed to miller assess SHRM essentials as a prerequisite for leadership and teamwork.

7.2 Leadership is not about vibrant personality, charisma, and owl purdue apap, some oratory. Leadership has been defined as ‘the act of arousing, engaging, and satisfying the motives of followers’in an environment of conflict, competition, or change’that results in the follower taking a course of miller essay, action toward a mutually shared vision'(Drea Zigrami et al, 2005-p174). Leadership is not about in qualitative research manipulating or exploiting followers. It cannot be faked. ‘Good leaders don’t ask more than their constituents can give, but they often ask’and get’more than their constituents intended to give or thought it was possible to give.’ The leadership role is miller essay comprehensive and apart from creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and opportunities are created for Setting Observation, employees to essay actively get involved and deliver. Leaders need to set a positive example and encourage teamwork by rewarding enabling behavior. Employee perception on about leadership matters has direct bearing on organizations environment and outcome. 7.3 The interdependence with conflicting individual goals and common team goals create a situation of tension. Teamwork requires understanding how my part of job affects other person and the ultimate goal. Individuals have to look beyond their unique activities and understand the bigger picture for organizational effectiveness.

Communication, mutual trust, decision making and conflict resolution are some essential traits of example, effective team. Miller. To this day I know of no one who disagrees with benefits of teamwork; not even the contrarian’s. There is writing uwo unanimity of views on benefits and importance of teamwork but few achieve desired goal. Teamwork and leadership are intertwined as team cannot function without effective leader. Leader unifies team for shared goal and cause. Trust is paramount between leader and miller, member’s goals are aligned. Perception about leader is managed and involvement and participation is maximized through inclusive leadership.

The study develops a three part framework to of case in qualitative research gather employees perception about SHRM issues in Part I, Leadership issues in Part II and Teamwork issues in Part III. Statistical analysis quantifies the miller result. Multi-view of writing, same parameter is possible by viewing it from various angles like response of miller, department and response by experience level. Multi-dimensional view allows better understanding of demography effect on perception and Community, allows for targeted solution for miller essay, perception alteration/management. Study has brought forward employee perception on important issues which are generally considered intangibles. Jumping to conclusion and applying remedy without root cause analysis and carefully devised strategy is not fraught without danger. Things have to change.

Top management is Setting too focused on bottom line and on external customer. The roots of success can be traced to satisfied internal customer commonly called employees. Employee’s perception about terms of contract, leadership and teamwork variables must find inclusion in leader’s dashboard as most results emanate from these intangibles. This study has developed a framework to address the issues of importance but more research is required on unearthing root cause of such perception through interviews, focus groups or exit interviews etc. Most perceptions could have roots in mistrust and lack of miller, involvement and inadequate communication.

OD practitioners and services, scientists are invited to take the study forward. The diagnostic may be applied as a starting point and miller essay, then research be undertaken to diagnose underlying cause. Remedy shall of course follow. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Management essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on writing uwo, hand, waiting to help you. Miller. Each of us is of case in qualitative research qualified to a high level in miller, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to of case study in qualitative research your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Management work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.

This Management essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: The ‘teamwork’ concept – cause and effect. . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/management/essay-the-teamwork-concept-cause-and-effect/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to essay have it published on our website then please click on the link below to writing help uwo request removal: 21-12-16 - Public relations 06-11-16 - Total safety management 05-11-16 - Public Relations and Crisis Management in Tertiary Institutions 03-11-16 - Talent management 26-08-16 - Internal and external factors that can affect the supply chain management - Cultism in tertiary institution 28-07-16 - Organisational Behaviour 29-06-16 - Logistics survey 05-03-16 - Differences between leaders and managers 04-03-16 - Mass production of miller, goods and Observation paper, work flow.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for essay over 20 years. Web-based Essay Tool. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and essay easier. Example English. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is called a speculating about essay, causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. • Why do people do that? • Why does this happen?

• Why is this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the chemical causes of falling in love? What causes feeling of romantic attraction to fade? What causes love at Observation paper, first sight?

Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to miller essay fear?

Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts? Why is advantages of case research methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore? Why do people lie?

Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in essay, sexting?

Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer? Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless?

Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities?

Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of and writing, Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for miller kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and english literature essay poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and kneading?

Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl? Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to miller become dogs? Why do some insects and writing jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to make such loud noises?

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Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of mba.com web-based writing practice tool, AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere? Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and miller hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently?

What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the writing Great Recession of 2008? Why are random shootings becoming more common in miller, the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to Community Observation large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany? Why is China going to miller essay ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election?

Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons? Why did the of case study in qualitative research Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is miller Twitter the medium of mba.com essay practice, choice for Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution?

What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of essay, Australia by the English? What caused the and writing colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in business and science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism?

What caused the great Chinese famine in essay, the Great Leap Forward? What caused the writing help black plague of the Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the European system used by most of the miller rest of the world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S.

Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at and writing, 8%)? Why did Japan attack the U.S. at essay, Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an mba.com web-based writing practice atomic bomb to end the miller war? Why is and writing services it important to miller study history? (Depending on services, how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay.

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Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to essay either urge the reader to english literature essay believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Miller Essay. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. by mba.com essay tool, Virginia Kearney 6. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37.

100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by essay, Laura Writes 40. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. Community Setting. I have many more articles about writing.

Please look at my How to miller Write a Cause Essay for introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for research Research Essays for more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from miller essay, Bangladesh. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and study in qualitative helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to miller essay our mind but very few us are able to of an english essay find the miller answers. I hope you will also shed some light on the following issues: 1. Mba.com Essay Writing Tool. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the essay introductory and concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of others.

Hoping to have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. This was really helpful, thank you! Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from writing help center, Algeria. Nice and helpful tips on which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island. Very helpful. I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago.

Another great post for teachers and students! I always learn to much from miller, your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. Services. So many of the miller essay people who teach the beginning levels of Community Setting Observation paper, college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. I know how hard it can be to miller come up with good lesson plans and example english literature essay instructions.

That is why I've decided to miller post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of Community paper, HubPages, Inc.

HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and miller essay advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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essay on visual arts While not every painting tells a story, those that do must find a way to convey a narrative—events that happen in time—in just one, static image. How do artists create a story that provides a message or provokes emotions in that single frame? This lesson will help students analyze ways in miller essay, which the composition of a painting contributes to telling the story or conveying the message through the owl purdue apap, placement of essay objects and images within the painting. How does the composition of an artwork help convey a particular story and/or message? Identify different kinds of narratives used in a number of art works Discuss the artist’s use of compositional elements to further the story and/or convey a message within a work of owl purdue apap art Explain the relationship between composition and content in a number of works of miller art. This lesson is designed to Community Setting Observation help students unravel the connection between composition and content in the visual arts. Students should have had an miller, introduction to composition in owl purdue apap, the visual arts before embarking on this lesson.

An introduction to composition is available as an EDSITEment curriculum unit: Composition in the Painting: Everything in its Right Place. This lesson on narrative compositions will help students begin to essay see how compositional elements that they have learned about in earlier lessons are applied to tell a story; it is, however, an introduction, rather than an exhaustive treatment of the topic. Bookmark the websites you will use, and download or print all materials included for teaching this lesson. Activity 1. Research. Cornering the Composition. In this activity, students will be shown one of the essay, ways in Setting paper, which a painting's composition plays a role in telling the image's story. Begin by miller having the class view: Students who have completed the first lesson of the EDSITEment curriculum unit: Everything in its Right Place: An Introduction to Composition in the Visual Arts will find this image familiar. Have students draw the compositional shape of example of an english literature essay Carracci's painting on the line drawing of miller essay this image available from the Student LaunchPad. Students should recognize that compositional shape of this image is triangular, or resembling a pyramid. Then ask students the following questions about the compositional shape of Carracci's painting:

Is the compositional triangle centered in the canvas? Are all three corners of the compositional triangle contained within the canvas? What is the focal point of the painting? Is the study research, focal point in the center of the canvas? Where are the two children and the cat within the compositional triangle? Then have them consider what is going on in Carracci's painting: What is the story? What action occurs in miller, this painting?

Who or what is and writing, doing the miller essay, action? Who or what is reacting? How do the positions of figures within the composition convey who or what is acting or reacting, and how they are doing it? As the title of the painting suggests, two children are acting—teasing—and the cat is reacting. Study Research. In drawing their compositional triangles, students will probably notice that the miller, triangle is not centered on the canvas, but is placed to the right side. The boy sits at the apex of the triangle, leaning over the cat, while the and writing, girl leans in from the essay, left corner of the triangle towards the animal. The right hand corner of the of an english literature, triangle—where the cat is placed—falls off the edge of the canvas.

While the essay, cat is flush against the right side of the canvas, the owl purdue apap, empty space to the girl's left emphasizes the closed and cut off right-hand corner of the compositional triangle, compressing the cat. In this painting Carracci's compositional structure emphasizes the cruelty of the children and the cat's trapped position. Ask students to think about what kinds of emotions this composition evokes as they answer the following questions: What actions do you think took place before the essay, moment Carracci depicts? What do you think will happen after this moment? What part of the story has Carracci pictured in his image?

Students should identify the Community Observation, moment in the story of the two children teasing the cat as the climax: the children are using the scorpions to tease the cat and miller essay the animal has yet to react. Help Uwo. Without yet knowing what will happen—will the cat continue to tolerate their teasing? Will it lash out at the children?—the story is essay, left at its most tense point. How does Carracci's decision to depict the owl purdue apap, moment of greatest tension in the narrative affect the way the viewer responds to the children and their actions? How does the miller, appearance that the cat has no outlet of escape affect the way in the viewer feels about the children and their actions? How does the title of the painting affect your opinion of the children? What impression of the children does the word teasing leave you with? The previous activity introduced students to a painting with a story confined within the image frame.

The next exercise introduces students to and writing a painting based on a story that originated in a text, rather than in the imagination of the painter. Have students view: What is the focal point of this image? Students may access the line drawing and diagram of this image through the Student Launchpad to aid in discussing the painting's composition. Students will notice that there are no figures placed in the center of the miller, piece. Instead, that space is taken up by mba.com practice tool a dark gallery set in the distance. Working individually or in small groups, students may diagram the composition of this image, available as a JPEG print out miller from the Student LaunchPad. What is the painting's composition? Triangular? Oval? Another shape?

Students may notice that the figures in the painting form an uneven figure eight. Yet the focal point does not fall on the center of the figure eight. Have students work together to create hypotheses to answer the following question: Why do you think Gentileschi structured this painting's composition in owl purdue apap, this way? It might help students to know and think about the story that is the miller, basis for the painting. Esther has heard that her people are to be massacred. Desperate to services save them, she requests to speak with her husband, the king, at a time and place deemed inappropriate. The violation of the miller, rules of appropriate interaction between Esther and Ahasuerus could result in owl purdue apap, Esther's execution.

At the moment in the story pictured by Gentileschi, King Ahasuerus has just granted Esther the opportunity to speak and miller essay she has fainted in relief that she will be heard and will not be put to death for impertinence. Owl Purdue Apap. When she regains consciousness she will successfully plead for Ahasuerus to stop the massacre of the miller, Persian Jews. Have students work together in the same small groups to answer the following questions: What elements of the composition help to convey the narrative? What compositional elements convey the emotions of the characters? This should include elements such as the position of the figures relative to each other, or the mba.com essay practice, use of negative space, rather than simply noting the position of Esther. Which parts of the composition help the audience to understand which moment in essay, the narrative is being portrayed? How do you think Gentileschi's choice of subject matter-a narrative that would have been familiar to the audience already as a text and as a story-might have affected the way in which she chose to portray her characters?

The story? Gentileschi may have chosen to structure the composition of the help uwo, painting in this way in order to to heighten the drama of the scene. By visually separating the figures of Ahasuerus and Esther, Gentileschi inserted a marker of the distance between the two figures that acts as a reminder of the violation of custom that characterizes Esther's request to speak. The space between the husband and wife marked by the empty center of the canvas might be a means Gentileschi used to emphasize Esther's courageous decision to miller essay risk her life to save her people. In this activity, students will examine a painting whose vague story was created to convey the painter's message—his ideas about mba.com web-based essay writing modern, urban life. Begin by having students view: Divide the class into small groups of three to four students to work together analyzing the painting. Students may access the essay, line drawing of this image through the Student Launchpad to aid in discussing Kirchner's painting.

Who are the characters in this image? What action is going in within the frame? What story or stories do you see in this painting? Unlike the Gentileschi painting, Kirchner's image is not based on a text or a known story. Of Case Study In Qualitative. Instead, it appears to be a scene taken from daily life in which Kirchner is simply showing street life of Dresden at the turn of the century. One could imagine that there are a number of stories contained within this image: For example, what is the action taking place between the little girl pictured at the center of the painting and the Is she pulling away from that hand? Is it that should would like to play, or is miller, it that she fears the person holding her? Although it may be possible to imagine a number of stories for center, the figures that appear in Kirchner's painting, this work is unlike either the Carracci or the Gentileschi paintings, telling a specific story does not appear to be Kirchner's purpose.

What is Kirchner trying to convey, if not a particular story? Students will try to find clues to answer this question by miller essay examining the mba.com web-based tool, composition of the piece. Miller. You may first wish to review with your class some material on composition covered in the EDSITEment Curriculum Unit Everything in its Right Place: An Introduction to Composition in the Visual Arts, particularly Lesson Two on Symmetry and Balance. Working in the same small groups, ask students the following questions: Do you see an overall shape within the composition? Explain your answer. Can you find elements of symmetry in this image? Explain your answer. Students should note that it is difficult to discern an writing center, overall compositional shape in miller, Kirchner's painting. They should also note that the composition is not symmetrical.

Investigating the elements that answer these two questions will provide the owl purdue apap, basis for students to discuss balance in the work. Ask them: Students should discuss how Kirchner places compositional elements along his Dresden street. The painting is visually divided, roughly at the center of the canvas, between the pink pavement and the distant people crowded together on the left hand side of the painting, and the busy group of pedestrians clustered on the right hand side of the painting. Weight between the two sides is not evenly distributed, and miller this effect is represented in other ways, including differences in proportion or size. Figures on the right side of the painting appear much closer to the viewer, as they are proportionately larger and thus convey a sense of nearness. Significantly, figures on mba.com web-based tool the right side also face the viewer, while those on the left side do not (the little girl with the large hat stands at the axis). Miller Essay. Typically, just as our attention is drawn in a room full of people towards those whose faces we can see because they give us more information about the occasion and their mood, and and writing consequently, our response to them, in works of essay art, faces also draw the owl purdue apap, viewers' eyes towards them. Miller. On the right side, the inclusion of faces gives a sense of identity to some of the figures, while those on the left are indistinguishable. That sense of identity lends weight to the right side of the canvas.

In creating this painting Kirchner made a conscious decision to essay practice tool distribute the weight of the composition unevenly. Essay. Thus the painting presents asymmetrical balance . As they continue to services work in essay, their small groups, ask students to construct an hypothesis to answer the following question: Why do you think Kirchner composed the elements in his painting in this particular way? Students might begin by of case study in qualitative considering the effect Kirchner achieved by composing his painting in miller, this way. What tone or mood permeates Street, Dresden ? As students work together to imagine Kirchner's message, you may wish to give them some background information on Kirchner and the time period in which he created this work. You may want to give students information in pieces, allowing them time to assimilate that information before transmitting the next piece. You may also want to share further information on Die Brucke movement accessible through Art Safari.

Kirchner was a founding member of the German art movement Die Brucke , meaning The Bridge. Die Brucke artists were a parallel movement to the French Fauve movement ( fauve is French for wild animal or beast). Die Brucke movement began in the first years of the twentieth century and english literature essay continued until around the close of World War I. Many works by Die Brucke artists focused on the distinction between life in miller, the city and life in web-based essay, the country. How does Street, Dresden depict city life? Is it depicted in a positive, negative, or neutral light? Explain your answer. One of Die Brucke 's main philosophical foundations was to implement a new social order in which art and life would be integrated. Students might think about the miller essay, time period and consider how the desire to of an english meld art and life was a possible reaction to social changes taking place as a result of the industrial revolution. How might these changes have affected adherents' (of Die Brucke ) outlook on the social order? How does this snap-shot of life in Dresden, in this painting of pedestrians along the Konigstra?e—the main shopping strip—give an impression of miller art and life being integrated?

You and Community Observation your students may wish to look at a photograph of Dresden, available through the EDSITEment-reviewed website, Internet Public Library, taken during the same time period in which Kirchner painted this image. Many adherents to Die Brucke movement pursued bohemian lifestyles, refuting the strict social order. The group's writings often called for the repudiation of society's bourgeois values. Is there anything in miller, this painting which might be symbolic of the social order or the values which Kirchner might have been refuting? Explain your answer. As students examine Kirchner's painting, particularly in light of what they have learned about the Observation, movement to miller which the painter belonged, they should begin to mba.com practice see that the image contains a critique of contemporary German society. As they examine each of the figures pictured on Dresden's streets they will begin to essay see that they all appear to be alone within a crowd. The three women in the foreground walk the street by themselves; the woman bustling toward the tram in her red dress on the left is english essay, alone; even the little girl set in essay, the center of the composition appears alone.

Although we can see that she is holding someone's hand, that person is completely blocked by the woman in example of an english essay, the foreground, making it appear as though the little girl is there by herself. By depicting each of these figures as being alone even within the bustle of the crowd Kirchner has delivered a critique on modern, urban life: Despite being surrounded by people, each person on the street is self-contained. They may be sharing space, but their lives and hearts are isolated from one another. Even the figures' dress becomes symbolic not only of urban life and the alienation of the contemporary world, but also of bourgeois values. Each figure is dressed in the well-tailored clothing of the miller, burgeoning middle class, costumed with petticoats, purses, fitted jackets, and feathered hats. As a piece that is meant as a critique of the current social order, Kirchner purposely chose to structure the painting the way he did in order to make his point: A slightly off-kilter composition for a slightly off-kilter world.

Have students write a brief explanation of the different kinds of stories that each of the owl purdue apap, three paintings they examined in this lesson tell, and miller how the artists used compositional elements to convey narratives and messages. Students should be sure to compare and contrast the essay, three paintings, examining the similarities and differences in miller, the kinds of stories and the way that the artists have conveyed those stories. Have students choose one of the following four images, all available from The Smithsonian American Art Museum or the National Gallery of Art: Students should read any information that the museum provides with the image and then view the image closely and make notes on owl purdue apap the composition. Then they should write a page describing how the composition contributes to and enhances the telling of the painting's story. Your students may want to miller essay delve deeper into services, the relationship between composition and content through a research project. For this assignment your students should find an image depicting a familiar story using the following EDSITEment-reviewed museum websites:

Once they have identified an miller essay, image, they should conduct research on both the painting itself and on the story depicted to uncover additional or unfamiliar aspects. After gathering this information, they may write a short essay explaining how the painting successfully conveys a subtle aspect of the story through the use of composition. They should focus on something that is not immediately obvious. Instead, they should seek elements of the composition which heighten the mood or drama of the image specifically through the placement of objects and example of an literature figures within the picture frame. 1-2 class periods. Subject Areas Art and Culture Medium Visual Arts Skills Critical thinking Interpretation Logical reasoning Making inferences and miller essay drawing conclusions Visual art analysis Authors Jennifer Foley, NEH (Washington, DC)

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