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book source essay Research Paper: Two words that strike fear into the hearts of many students. Four syllables that create panic, dread, and anxiety. Paper? But they don’t have to. Writing a research paper takes time and club statement masculinity, requires effort, but if you have a good topic and credible sources, you’re on your way to a great paper. Wait…what? Credible sources? Are you thinking, “What’s the difference? Isn’t one source just as good as another?” No. Not all sources are created equal.

Think about it. If you want to learn about the current texting and driving laws, would you rather learn about the laws by reading some random guy’s blog who does nothing but rant about the law because he just got a ticket for texting and and validity essays, driving, or would you rather research the ford company law by reading a .gov (government) website? I think we’d both pick the .gov site. But .gov sites aren’t the only place to find online credible resources. Keep reading to learn the 5 best resources to reliability paper help with writing a research paper. Why You Should Use Credible Sources When Writing a Research Paper. A research paper is gcse terminal like a jury trial. If you’re an attorney trying to convince the jury your client is innocent, you need hard evidence.

Try convincing a jury that your client is innocent by telling them he wasn’t at the crime scene, and and validity essays, you can prove it because his best friend said he wasn’t there. It isn’t going to work. Now try convincing the jury that your client is innocent because he was out of town when the crime happened. Essay? You have a hotel receipt, plane tickets, and video evidence that he was nowhere near the area at the time of the crime. This is much more credible and convincing evidence. When you’re writing a research paper, your arguments are on trial. Your job is to convince your readers and demonstrate your knowledge of the subject.

To do this, you need credible sources written by credible authors such as doctors, researchers, and scholars. You don’t want to use questionable articles written by the girl who works at the pizza joint down the street or by your best friend’s cousin’s uncle who says he knows a lot about whatever you’re writing about. Let’s talk about reliability and validity paper some other sources that won’t help you make your point. The Dictionary: Don’t start your paper with something like, “According to the dictionary, crazy means mentally deranged.” Readers already know what crazy means. There’s no need to define it. If you’re using complex terms that readers might not be familiar with, it’s fine to define words, but use a more specialized definition from a journal or other credible source. A dictionary is company great for looking up the reliability essays meanings of words, but your professors won’t consider the dictionary a scholarly source, so it’s best to essay avoid using it as a source in reliability and validity paper essays your research essays. is a fine website. It has lots of useful information like fresh ideas to decorate your bathroom, the best new hairstyles, and 10 places to see before you die. While reading about this stuff can be fun, it’s not relevant information for holocaust a research paper. These articles are written by reliability paper, people who are passionate about their subject, but the writers aren’t necessarily experts . Wikipedia is a fine website, too.

It has lots of cool information about lots of edexcel gcse terminal paper cool topics. The problem with Wikipedia (and other Wikis) is that anyone can write them. You could create a Wiki about and validity paper how Steven Spielberg was the first president of the United States. Someone else could read your Wiki online and write a research paper about Spielberg as president. You could fall victim to this too, and structure essay, write a research paper using incorrect information. Did you know that at one point, Wikipedia listed the reliability and validity paper essays soccer star David Beckham as an 18th century Chinese goalkeeper? Imagine writing that in your paper! I don’t think you’d earn the “A” you were hoping for. Ford Company Essay? Because you can’t be sure that the information is accurate, it’s best to stay away from reliability and validity, Wikipedia. But if you shouldn’t use the websites I’ve just listed, what resources should you use? Keep reading to fail coursework and/or examination ungraded find out!

5 Best Resources to Help with Writing a Research Paper. 1. Your School’s Library: This is the best place to begin your research. The library at your school is an academic library, meaning you’ll find more academic books, journals, and scholarly sources than you will novels and magazines. Paper? One of the holocaust essays best things about researching at your school’s online library is that if you don’t want to leave the comfort of paper essays your living room or your dorm room to research, you don’t have to. As long as you have your library card, you can login and access tons of great resources, such as online databases, e-books, and on the holocaust, other research articles.

Don’t tell me you forgot to sign up for reliability and validity paper essays your library card! Don’t tell me your paper is for college due tonight and there’s no time to get a library card now! Okay, take a deep breath. Reliability Paper Essays? Don’t panic. There’s still hope. Even if you don’t have immediate access to your school’s library, I’ve included four other useful resources that are free and don’t require a library card. 2. Google Scholar is a lot like the Google search engine you’re probably used to.

You simply type in on the essays what you’re looking for, and essays, you’ll see a list of results. The difference with Google Scholar is that your list of results won’t contain websites trying to sell you a cell phone or articles about how to dress your dog for structure essay the holidays. Google Scholar will produce a list of journal articles, .pdfs, and websites focusing on much more credible and scholarly sources appropriate for a research paper. (You know, stuff you can actually use!) 3. RefSeek This resource is a search engine designed for essays students and researchers. Company Analysis? It searches online sources but produces more scholarly sites than a standard search engine, such as Google. One of the great features of RefSeek is that it allows you to search specifically for documents, giving you a better chance of finding credible information to reliability essays help write your research paper. 4. Edexcel Gcse Maths? Internet Public Library (ipl2) This resource allows you to reliability and validity paper search by subject. It links to websites, rather than scholarly journals; however, it often links to more credible .gov or .org sites (although you may encounter a few broken links.) You can also use the handy “Ask an ipl2 Librarian” service. If you aren’t in examination a rush, you can submit a question to the site’s volunteer librarians, and and validity paper, a professional librarian or grad student will be in touch to help you find the best resources for your topic.

The site says, “Once we have accepted your question, we do our best to answer it promptly. You will receive an structure of an, answer from us within one week. If you indicate you need a response more quickly, we will try to answer it by that date. Paper Essays? “ipl2 is senior not a good place to reliability come if you need help right away. We are not a ‘real-time’ service, and it takes us time to read, research, and respond to questions.” Read more here. 5. ERIC (Education Resources Information Center): This database primarily focuses on education, but it also includes a number of my thoughts on the related topics, such as social work, psychology, and other social issues.

A search will provide a list of journal articles (most full-text). If you’re searching for sources in most basic search engines, such as Google Scholar, you usually just type in and validity paper your keywords and read a list of results. Databases, though, are a bit different. They include the standard search box, but they also include a variety of other options to help narrow your results. Because the searching can be more complex, I’ve included information below to help you get started.

Here’s a quick tutorial to fail help you begin searching on ERIC. Step 1: Type in your keywords. Reliability Paper? In this example, I’ve chosen guns on college campuses. Make sure you check the box to show only fail those results available in full text. Reliability And Validity? Searching for full text articles means you’ll be able to senior read the entire article immediately. You won’t have to worry about tracking it down at some library across the country, and you won’t have to pay $19.99 to purchase an article you don’t even know if you want to use yet! Step 2: Review the search results. If you are looking for articles written during a specific time frame, check out the left column (Publication Date).

If you want to read a summary (also known as an abstract) click on reliability paper, the title of the article. (Article titles are hyperlinked in blue in fight club masculinity the middle of the screen.) If you want to read the article immediately, click on the full text option at the right of your screen. (Articles are usually provided in .pdf format.) As you can see, there’s no reason to be panic-stricken about writing a research paper. Use the resources in reliability paper this post to help you find the most credible and useful sources, and structure of an in english, you’ll be on your way to writing an reliability and validity essays, amazing paper. Once you find the senior essay for college perfect sources, you’ll still need to essays actually write the paper, so review Writing a Library-Based Research Paper and Research Paper Steps for essays help with putting together your essay. Have you finished writing a research paper, but still need someone to review it? Contact our Kibin editors for help! Psst.

98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. And Validity Essays? Susan M. Inez is fight club thesis masculinity a professor of English and writing goddess based out of the and validity paper Northeast. I found this tips for coursework the research paper really helpful! Where I can find more information about different writing styles? Thanks. Hi) You can visit blogs and forums for students, also visit a pro-papers. com website. They post a lot of information on reliability and validity, academic writing) Thank you, it`s great!

Thanks for the comment! Glad to hear it was helpful.

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8 Simple Business Plan Templates for and validity paper, Entrepreneurs. Of An Essay. Writing a business plan is an important step in reliability and validity paper essays the startup process. It helps you and your partners decide if you will work well together, teaches you about the marketplace, and lets you brainstorm business and product goals. Holocaust. But because of all the effort and detail involved, many entrepreneurs dread the thought of sitting down and creating this critical but time-consuming document. While business plans can be frustrating if you#39;re writing one from scratch, there are plenty of online templates available to take some of the pain out of the process. Small business owners can benefit from simple, easy-to-follow business-plan tools so they can spend less time writing and more time launching. Essays. Here are eight resources you can use to help you craft a professional business plan quickly and easily. You#39;ve heard about essay for college those entrepreneurs who started off by and validity, jotting down their ideas on a napkin at a bar, café or restaurant. $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan is a little like that, but more organized.

Designed for entrepreneurs who are itching to get started, this simple business-plan template asks a handful of questions that you can easily answer in of an in english one or two sentences. It covers everything from paper essays, what you sell and fight thesis statement, who will buy it to how you will get paid, hustle to find customers, foresee challenges and overcome the obstacles all in a single page. [Writing a Business Plan? Do These 5 Things First] Not all small businesses are concerned with credit lines, partnerships and office space at least not in the beginning. Reliability And Validity Essays. So why should their initial business plans include these things? Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan doesn#39;t. Instead, it offers a business-plan template fit for essay for college, the real would-be entrepreneur#39;s world. Whereas most business-plan templates assume all businesses are uniform, Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan was created to get to reliability and validity paper, what entrepreneurs really need to know to start a business: the ins and outs of the product or service, how customers will find the structure essay in english business and how the business will make money.

Simply copy and paste the template of the reliability essays Remarkably Simple Business Plan, created by edexcel gcse maths paper, Sonia Simone, co-founder and chief content officer of Copyblogger Media, and you#39;re good to go. Founded in 2011, Enloop is regarded as an innovative player in the business-plan-creation industry. Like many others, the service uses an reliability and validity paper essays online interface to help automate your business plan#39;s creation. To get started, users enter basic information about their businesses, including product details. Examination. Then, Enloop#39;s software uses metrics to help predict the and validity financial performance of the holocaust company in comparison with others in the sector. According to CEO Cynthia McCahon, the reliability and validity paper essays goal of the company is to help entrepreneurs make better-informed decisions. Users can get started on gcse maths, Enloop for free; more advanced paid options are also available.

LivePlan is and validity paper, a relatively new entrant to the online business-tools market that helps you every step of the way, from the planning stages through your launch. Like other services, LivePlan allows business owners to craft perfectly formatted plans. From there, users can create the presentation necessary to pitch their business ideas to would-be investors. Once off the ground, businesses can track revenue and expenses against forecasts, and fail coursework and/or ungraded, multiple users within a company can work through the LivePlan interface. Pricing starts at less than $12 a month.

The One Page Business Plan Company. Created by The One Page Business Plan Company, this simple business template covers only the reliability paper essays key areas entrepreneurs need to address to start a business: their vision for the company, mission for why the examination business exists, objectives for setting out goals, strategies to make the business successful and reliability, action plans indicating what work needs to be done. Unlike complicated business plans, boring blocks of text are not required bullet points will do. Essay For College. Are you the visual type? Look no further than Angela Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan. Based on and validity, the principles of the Business Generation Model Strategyzer app, Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan uses sticky notes to help you creatively craft an out-of-the-box business plan. To create a One-Page Visual Business Plan, start by separating a single page into club thesis statement masculinity different sections or columns, such as company information and and validity essays, customer segments. Write down your ideas or responses on a sticky note, and then stick it on the corresponding section. Gcse Maths Paper. You can also color-code the sticky notes for better organization. Then, if your plans change, you can easily remove a note, move it around or add new ones to better fit the direction in which your business is headed.

SBA Build Your Business Plan Tool. The fact that the U.S. Reliability And Validity Essays. Small Business Administration (SBA) has an online tool to help users craft business plans will come as no surprise to my thoughts on the essays, anyone who has investigated the SBA#39;s offerings before. The agency has a wealth of free planning, financing and consulting tools and resources, both online and through available consultants. The SBA#39;s online tool for business-plan creation allows a user to enter information on a Web interface that is and validity paper, tied to essay, that user#39;s account.

The administration says this is intended to be a live plan that can be referred to and changed as the company#39;s plans progress. The SBA encourages entrepreneurs to use their generated plans to discuss their company#39;s prospects with SBA advisers like those available through SCORE and the Small Business Development Center. The SBA#39;s tool is available online at no cost. Greg Go, co-founder of online finance community Wise Bread, is a big believer that entrepreneurs who are just starting out don#39;t need lengthy business plans. What they actually need, he said, is an internal working plan to reliability, get started. The internal working plan consists of four simple questions that make up the simple business plan: What is fight club masculinity, your product or service?

Who are your customers? When will things get done? When are bills due, and reliability paper, when do you get paid? To guide entrepreneurs in completing their four-question business plan, Go provides a simplified way of answering each question in his blog post on the subject. Edexcel Maths Paper. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to help you with writing a complete business plan, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for free. Updated on May 1, 2015.

Additional reporting by Business News Daily staff writer Sara Angeles.

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Facebook Boost Post Experiment – Results Revealed. In a previous article I mentioned that I wanted to try out the Boost Post on a Facebook Fan Page. Now the reliability paper goods are in! I recently made a video for my Headphone Review site that I thought might generate a little buzz. With that, I was thinking this would be the perfect opportunity to see if the boost post feature could help drive my Facebook likes, comments and ford analysis interaction to unreached previous levels. First, let me say this – I’ve been far from aggressive with social media strategies, which in today’s world is pretty much a brain-dead move. I definitely under-utilize Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and every other social media outlet out there. That’s largely what is fueling my efforts to try out these various channels and make them start working for reliability paper me. Club Masculinity. Below, I’m sharing the reliability paper essays pre and fail examination ungraded post Facebook Boost campaign to show you exactly what happened with my efforts. Now let’s get into the meat of reliability and validity paper this writeup – where I started.

This is terminal paper how many page likes I had before boosting my post. As you can see, I have a pretty small following on reliability and validity paper essays, my Facebook fan page for my headphone review site. Compared to the 4,300 subscribers I have on of an in english, YouTube, I really need to step up my game, which I was hoping to reliability and validity paper essays, do here. The Post I Boosted. This was shortly after I added the post to Facebook. As you can see, at this point I had only 42 people who saw the post. Coursework And/or. Generally speaking, I end up around 150 total views on reliability and validity paper, a post within a day or two. Being that this was just a couple hours after I posted the content on senior essay, Facebook, I wasn’t surprised the number was this low. Page Like Trends Pre-Boost. I thought it might be interesting to see what my trend for page likes was prior to the post so that we could examine the trend afterwards to see if my campaign generated any noticeable differences.

Pre-Boost Reach and Interaction. Here you can see what my typical reach and interactions look like. And Validity Essays. What I can tell you is that I have a few followers that are my main source of interaction – if I post something, they pretty much click like every time and generally will leave a comment on a post. Those are the people you want on your page as they create a bit of buzz for you. One other thing to note here, anything where I included my own content and not someone else’s, my views and interaction were higher – notice the HiFiMan posting had the lowest views and interaction (other than the newest one – simply due to time being live). Now it’s time to show you the steps I took to edexcel, how I set up the reliability and validity paper essays campaign. Let’s explore some of the club thesis masculinity options that were available.

Default Campaign Options. As you can see above, when you first click that Boost Post link at the bottom right of the post. You’ll notice that running this campaign would set my post up to show in the newsfeed of current fan’s friends. And Validity. Being that this is masculinity a headphone post that I’m trying to promote, I thought that just doing friends of reliability and validity paper my fans would be too limiting – notice that the estimated reach is company analysis 6,200 = 12,000 of approximately 34,000 people. Changing the Target Audience. Now take a look at the estimated numbers. Reliability Essays. By changing my target (rather than friends of fans), my estimated reach for the same $30 is now 540,000 – 1,000,000 people.

Being that my target would be anyone and everyone who likes to listen to music this seems to be the best route to take! Reach for Various Price Levels. Now that I set my target audience, I wanted to senior essay for college, see how much I would get for my money. To my surprise, the paper essays numbers for ford company analysis $15 were the same as $30! If you can get the same for half the price, then why pay double?! Needless to reliability and validity essays, say, I figured 540,000 reaches for $15 was a bit of coursework a bargain so I went ahead and chose that option. Campaign Payment Options. Once you are done choosing your campaign settings and you click Boost, you’re then greeted by the payment page. I actually appreciated the fact that they had PayPal as an option because I don’t like doling out my credit cards all over and validity paper the internet. I chose this and company analysis essay proceeded. NOTE: Even though you set up your payment at reliability essays the time that you create the holocaust campaign, you’re not actually charged until your campaign has been finished for a few days.

This is reliability and validity essays because Facebook pushes hard to club, get you to essays, continue your campaign after your initial funds have been used up. Once everything has been set up and your payment has been entered, you will now see the “Promoted for on the essays $xx” at the bottom right of and validity essays your post. Clicking that will show you the details of fail coursework ungraded what you’ve selected – here you’ll see that Facebook has to approve my promotion – my guess is that they want to make sure that nothing vulgar, derogatory or copyright infringing is taking place. One thing to note on this – BEFORE YOU BOOST YOUR POST, make sure you have everything stated EXACTLY as you want it to appear because once you’ve created a campaign, you can no longer edit your post . So let’s take a look at the results here. The first thing to notice is that I had 9,156 people “see” this post in their news feed!

At first glance, that’s pretty exciting stuff. Any time you see that number rise, my excitement tends to follow suite. What’s NOT so exciting though is that my $15 was spent and 9,156 is a FAR CRY from the 540,000 the Boost Options led me to believe I’d be getting. Also, having 9,000 views doesn’t tell the and validity paper essays whole story. What exactly does that mean? Let’s dig a little deeper… Campaign Detailed Results. Now we can see the coursework real details of reliability and validity paper essays what actually transpired.

Notice that of ford my 9k views, I had a very small amount of real interaction. Let’s break this down to percentages: Video Plays: 0.14% of people who had this show in their news feed actually watched the video (you read that right, less than 1%) Link Clicks: 0.11% of people who had this show in their news feed clicked the link in the post. Post Likes: 0.06% of people who had this show in paper, their news feed liked the post. Those are pretty bad results.

Granted, I didn’t spend a fortune here, but I was less than impressed with the results of the ford analysis money spent. Essays. Again, I probably wouldn’t have been so disappointed if the total reach hadn’t been so far under what the of an estimated reach was supposed to be… Actual Views vs Estimated Views: 9,156 vs 540,000 : That is 1.6% of and validity paper what was actually estimated by the company I was paying to do the company campaign. It’s not like it was a 3rd party giving me an estimate of and validity paper how many people would see the company essay post – no, it was FaceBook itself who was giving me the reliability paper essays estimate. On The Essays. That’s the primary reason I was irritated by the drastic difference in the actual versus estimated reach – they weren’t even in the ballpark.

Let’s put it this way, if you buy a car based on fuel economy and the car promises it gets you 35 miles per and validity paper essays gallon. You take that car out and drive it like a normal person would and you only senior essay for college, end up getting 0.56 miles per and validity paper gallon (that’s right, half a mile to the gallon), would you be very happy?! Yeah, I didn’t think so – that’s exactly what happened with this Facebook Boost Post feature. Bottom line on that – if you are the company providing a service and you’re the company providing the estimate, it should at least be in the ballpark of reality. 1.6% is misleading and bad business practice in my books. Another thing to notice above – you see that they now entered in fight statement, a number of $285 to reliability essays, continue my campaign and that it would reach and additional 64,000 – 120,000 people. Statement Masculinity. Why would I believe that now?!

Obviously the previous estimate was way off, and now you want me to and validity essays, spend 19x the edexcel terminal paper amount to reach only 64,000 people?! Again, follow my math here. $15 * 19 = $285. So, with my initial $15, I reached approximately 9,000 people as I would have received 150 of those views on my own. So, if I were to take 9,000 x 19, I would expect my post to reach 171,000 people, NOT 64,000. These numbers just don’t add up for me. Reliability. So they want me to pay 19 times more than what I originally paid to reach only on the holocaust essays, 7 times the people. And, I have to take this all on good faith that these estimates are closer to the real thing. Obviously this is a very frustrating scenario. Number of Page Likes after the Campaign.

So what about the Page Likes? Did I see much from the campaign….well, I can’t attribute whether the TWO extra likes were from the campaign of if they just trickled in from my other efforts on YouTube, Twitter or HeadphoneReviewHQ. So, let’s assume that I did get these two subscribers from this campaign (just to and validity, give it the benefit of doubt), that means I paid $7.50 for each like. Not great results there. Boosted Post Reach and Interaction. So what about the reach and interaction? We’ve already determined that the reach was over essay for college 9k.

Just to show the real difference between the interaction of the paid vs my normal posts, jut take a look above. The large orange block is the reliability and validity essays one I paid for. But, the on the interaction isn’t as great as two other teaser posts that I wrote just above it. Am I glad I did this? If I hadn’t tried I’d never know what would have happened. Reliability And Validity Essays. $15 is a pretty low barrier to entry for this experiment. Would I do it again knowing my results weren’t what was promised or expected? Yes, but, I have some thoughts on that.

First, I would obviously ignore what the “estimated reach” would be as it was nowhere within the realm of fight club thesis statement what actually occurred. HOWEVER, the one thing I would change is reliability paper essays that if I were going to boost a post again, it would be on a giveaway or some major promotion. Fail And/or. My main thinking is and validity essays that people love free stuff, especially popular free stuff. For instance, I might run some sort of promotion where I’d give away a set of edexcel terminal Beats headphones or something along those lines. Are Beats my favorite headphones? No…but they are probably the most well known headphone on the planet right now. Would I promote just a regular post ever again? Nah. Being optimistic, maybe those handful of video likes got me 2 or 3 additional subscribers on paper, YouTube. The cost per acquisition is just too high. However, if I ran a promotion and told people they had to share and senior essay for college like the and validity page on Facebook to my thoughts, be entered into the drawing to reliability paper essays, win 1 of 3 prizes or something along those lines, I think the results could be impressive.

Shocking (or not so shocking) Facebook Boost Post Video – you absolutely must watch this… 32 Responses to “Facebook Boost Post Experiment – Results Revealed” Can you please tell me the minimum number of page like am suppose to have on my page before i will have “Boost Post” at the bottom of my posts. I really don’t know. My guess is it’s the senior for college same number of page likes that is required to reliability and validity essays, be able to see your statistics. I wish I knew for sure though. There isn’t a minimum or maximum, FB just decide themselves which pages to allow Boost on of an essay, and which pages not to. Reliability. I have no idea how they work out ford essay, their formula though they have one.

So it actually has nothing whatsoever to essays, do with how many Likes you have. This was really useful, I was in two minds about boosting a standard post on my page, as I was never quite sure if the estimates were accurate. clearly they are not! Thanks for posting this! My pleasure man. $15 seemed like a small price to pay to find out what that boost was all about! Hi Allan thanks for the post. I too thought I’d see what boosting a post did. My first attempt was turned down for company essay having to much text.

Wasn’t sure what that was about. The second attempt went well. I was even more conservative than you. I spent ?3 ($5) to reliability, my friends. I got over 1000 extra views so the expected number was consistence with what FB promised. I got 2 new likes from the structure post, the reliability essays post got 6 likes and one Share. Structure Of An. Not staggering. Reliability And Validity Paper. What is more interesting that one of my other posts after the boost got more interaction and fight statement likes from people I don’t know. So more people interacted with my page, but they failed to Like my page. I think the and validity essays Liking of FB isn’t as important anymore as people can dip in and out, also how many times do we look at the LIKED page on FB? Something I want to ask people.

I like plenty of of an companies but very rarely look at and validity essays that page. Gcse Maths Terminal Paper. Anyway just like you I’m glad I did it. I think I would experiment once more with a different post and to a wider audience, but again keep my costs down because not sold on the benefits. For me Twitter is the best social media to focus on. LinkedIn more professional and get business leads from.

But now Google+ is huge. But still learning that. So much to do. Good luck. Neil. Thanks a million for sharing your experience. Essays. That’s interesting that your paid advertising was in coursework examination ungraded, line with what Facebook said would happen.

I really wish I knew why mine was so underwhelming. To your comment about page likes not being important, I somewhat agree. I, like you don’t really go looking at reliability and validity paper essays their pages all the time, but if I hadn’t liked their page, then their latests comments/posts wouldn’t show up in my feed (I don’t think they would anyways). It’s interesting – to maths paper, me, I’m the reliability worst at keeping up with social media simply because I’ve always felt like it was ego-centric, but then again, I know that’s a bad move on edexcel gcse terminal paper, my part. Essays. I’ve been trying to do more with social media of late, and thinking about that right now, I’m failing with this site simply because I don’t think I have a social media presence for untethered income, but, back to the point – the ONE reason why I like Facebook over Twitter is it’s easier to have real conversations. YouTube limits to a small paragraph, Twitter is one liners and I need to get onto LinkedIn to structure, find out what I could be doing there. There’s also Pinterest and seemingly an un-ending number of social sites out there today and and validity paper essays keeping up with it is just insane. Again, I definitely appreciate you taking the time to leave a response here.

I look forward to doing more of these experiments to see where the greatest payoff exists! Please stop back by thesis masculinity, from time to time! Thanks for this post. I have also tried fb boost but I wasn’t approved. I got a mail from and validity essays them that I was boosting a post that doesn’t agree with fb guidelines. I am a newbie iMer, what I did was, I copied the sales letter on my website and use it as post on my fb admin panel page then try to boost it, maybe that’s whay I wasn’t approved. I would greatly appreciate it if you could give me some advice about how I can drive targeted traffic to my website. My website only serve people in my country. Thanks in advance for your help.

I’m not really sure why it wouldn’t have been approved. I’d have to see the copy to edexcel maths, know exactly what was in it. My guess is Facebook is wanting you to reliability and validity essays, promote people coming to your page. My Thoughts. I’m not sure if sales-copy is something they approve of reliability – I’ll have to look into it a bit further. It’s page authority. If you have a Facebook page with little interaction the numbers will be off and not reach many people. It’s all in FB algorithm they have now.

So, the more interactions, comments, shares, likes and relative information will all be a factor in senior, how the people receive the I information and how effective the campaign will be. Once you get your likes up even further around 1,000 and relative content, many comments, etc run another campaign and I think you will be surprised at the results:-) Thanks Andrew for reliability paper essays the information. It’s definitely something I’ll try again. Gcse Maths Paper. The biggest thing I took issue with was Facebook’s own “estimates” of how much traffic I’d get, when I didn’t even come within the ballpark of that. Reliability And Validity Paper. But again, thanks for stopping by and sharing. Really great insight , and exactly the info I was looking for. Thanks for examination ungraded your detailed and clear explaintion. You’re very welcome! Glad you found it helpful.

I released a new magazine/blog a few weeks ago, and paper have been posting daily on its FB page. Last weekend, out of curisoity, tried to boost one post to see what would happen. Found the results to be abysmal. First of all, there is no way to see Exactly what your post will look like and statement say in others’ timelines. I suspect FB is truncating some of the text.

I didn’t spend much money: only $15. But, still, what is the point of spending any money– let alone a lot if it– if you don’t know exactly what the audience will be seeing. Second, I made the audience parameters pretty specific. But the reliability essays one person who “Liked” the essay for college FB page from the campaign was basically a gangster in East Brooklyn, and the one person that “liked” the post seemed like a new emigrant from South America who did not speak much English. On one hand, this is fine– of course the blog is for reliability and validity essays anyone, and any apprciation is nice.

On the other hand, this is totally not the audience I specified through use of keywords. Here are the results of the campaign: FB analytics claimed that “4,284 People were Reached.” Of this number, 10 people clicked on the post. If the post looked ok and didn’t have text truncated, how could only senior essay for college, 10 people of 4,284 click on reliability essays, it? One could post virtually anything in front of 4,300 people– even a photo of some random object– and surely more than 10 people would click on my thoughts essays, it. Of the 10 people who clicked on it, 3 people supposedly actually clicked through to the magazine website (which was the point of the whole thing).

1 person “Liked” the page on FB. And 1 person “Liked” the post. Essays. (And, as I mentioned, none at company analysis essay all from the audience I was going for.) These are absolutely abysmal results. There is definitely something very ‘off’ here. Also, I notice that FB analytics often does not post the correct click-through results, often low-balling them.

I can tell this because after posting to FB, I will go onto the corresponding post page on the website itself, and see that, for reliability and validity paper instance, 7 people clicked “Like” on it (they only could have gotten there through FB). But FB analytics will say, for example, that 2 people clicked through, or even 0 people clicked through. I’ve noticed that this happens all the ford company analysis time. Finally– maybe someone can answer this– what is the purpose of putting Facebook’s “Like” button beneath posts on one’s website? When people click the “Like” button, it only reliability essays, shows up on the website post, but does not appear on the FB post. If this is the case, why not just create your own customized “Like” or “Approve” button on your website, without using FB’s design? Glad to see I wasn’t the fight only person frustrated by and validity paper essays, the results and more importantly, you experienced the same inconsistencies I saw as well. To answer your question about why put a like button – my understanding is that if you’re logged into Facebook and you click one of those like buttons on my thoughts on the essays, a website (assuming it’s linked up properly), then that page should show up in your Facebook activity feed.

Thanks for sharing your results. Definitely doesn’t seem that the return on investment is quite there, at least not with the way their current system is set up. Ok. I don’t think basing it on one attempt is going to give you a good idea on the effectiveness of boosting. You must also be very aware of what action your content is calling for. Paper Essays. If it’s just an fight club masculinity opinion piece you are going to far less engagement than a “Like this page to and validity paper essays, win…” promotional post. Gcse Maths Paper. In my experience, a 10K reach for $15 is reliability essays pretty much in the ball park. We are also able to convert around 10% of the reach to actual page likes using a fangate application in conjunction with a promo. So yes, there are pros and cons to Facebook boosts. It all depends on your strategy and goals. Fight. Structure your content to reliability paper essays, garner maximum engagement.

Ask interesting questions. Make people curious. Then you will see some benefits to it. Boosting just for structure essay the sake of it will rarely give you any results. Thanks for reliability and validity essays sharing. To be fair, most of my complaints were based around Facebook’s own estimated numbers versus what actually happened. Considering it’s their own application that is in control of what the my thoughts holocaust essays reach is, I think their numbers should have been WAY more accurate than the were. But, to your point, I completely agree – something like a promo would be much better suited for a boosted post. Mine was just an reliability paper essays experiment to see what MIGHT happen with just trying to get the post in front of more people. My next experiment will be exactly what you mentioned (and what I mentioned at the bottom of my article).

Allen, I appreciate your article. I am contemplating running my first ad soon on of an essay in english, Boost Post or Page Post Engagement. I once heard an experienced Facebooker say do not target large audiences. Reliability And Validity Paper. The ad would be spread too thin. The reason given was that an ad usually has to be seen about statement, seven times before it stimulates interest. Therefore, over a given number of day a small audience (5,000 – 7,000) would see the ad seen more times than 100,000 would. Thus, the probability for more likes would be greater. Again, I am inexperienced. It’s just that your article reminded me of what I heard.

Be well! PS: If you haven’t already, take a look at Reliability Paper. I think I am going to buy it when my budget allows. Thanks for sharing Leon. Coursework Examination Ungraded. If you’re contemplating doing it, I’d go ahead a try it out – you’ll never know until you try. Reliability. I do appreciate the feedback – the targeted makes a lot of sense. The one question I have regarding that is edexcel gcse whether targeting a smaller audience means that the same “post” will be showed to them more than once.

Interesting… Hello, nice post. I got question, I ordered one boost post for paper 5 dollars. After it finished, I canceled that boost post, because I didn’t want to spend more money on it., but I still didn’t get charged on my paypal? Should I just wait or? Thanks. I believe mine wasn’t charged until about a week later. Don’t worry, they’ll get their money!

I think it’s important to share my experience so far and let you know that Facebook advertising is a waste of essay your money and a scam. We’re hosting a giveaway and and validity paper had 521 Organic views on thesis masculinity, the giveaway post for the last two weeks. In an effort to get more volume to our page and more people entering the contest, I decided to boost the and validity paper post by paying $15. As of right now $1.12 of that $15 is gone and I still have the coursework 521 post views, but now it’s saying 293 of those are organic and paper the remaining 228 are from the paid boost. So ultimately they just changed my Insights so that it looked as if almost half of the my thoughts holocaust people that viewed that post were from the boost.

If I hadn’t waited 2 weeks to boost the post I probably wouldn’t have known. I’m going to be posting this comment onto multiple blogs to get the word out – do not waste your hard earned money (no matter how little $15 may seem) on these scam artists and reliability paper thieves. I’m certainly going to keep the Facebook Page up, but they will never get another dime from senior for college me. Wow, that’s worse than I thought. Reliability And Validity Essays. Definitely frustrating, and more than a little dishonest. Thesis. If this is what they’re practicing regularly, I have a feeling they’d better keep buying up companies as fast as they can as once people realize how ineffective their “investments” are, the money will stop flowing in. I finally decided to boost one of my posts based on the experience one of my friends had.

The first post I boosted on reliability essays, $40 budget claimed it would reach around 60,000 (if I remember correctly). According to Facebook it has reached almost 130K. Not bad. Ford. OK. And Validity Paper. I had a few page likes, etc. Worth it, in my opinion. Following that, I boosted another one of ford company analysis essay my posts for the same $40 using approx the and validity same parameters but that post only reached 70K people. I did get a few more page likes but it seemed odd to me that the reach was 1/2 for the same budget.

All total, I spent $95 (I had one other boost for $15) and had a total of ford company analysis essay 8 page adds/likes. Which, quite frankly, is more than I have seen form other methods I have tried. Reliability. So I went to boost another post with the same parameters with the fail and/or examination ungraded same budget ($40) and it claims the reach is now only 13K. Why is the reliability and validity number suddenly so low for the same budget and of an constraints. Paper Essays. Another complaint: The first post took a few days to use the on the holocaust essays whole $40 budget. The second boost took less than that.

It seemed to deplete the budget much more rapidly. Not sure why that would be. In the and validity paper essays end, I did get some page likes. Essay. It remains to be seen if I get any tangible benefit/sales from boosting my posts. But, the essays inconsistency of the numbers seems suspect to me and I am unlikely to use the of an in english boost feature again. Thank you ! this is really a good review very descriptive , I don’t think you will need to pay the 15$ to get more likes on this one #128521; . Still debating whether I should attempt to get people to glance at my page. lol. Thank you for your experiment. I appreciate how well written and thorough your process was. Thank you for and validity paper sharing your experience with everyone. I’ll share mine too: last week I decided to give the senior for college post boost feature on reliability and validity paper essays, Facebook a go. On my fan page, I created a post (video content) and made the ford company analysis boost settings such that I would reach people not connected to my page but who will be interested in the content.

I’ve set the budget to $15, and Facebook estimated it will reach 40000 – 50000 people. At the end of the campaign, the post reached 30000 people, which was not within the estimated range but close enough. I also got 19500 engagements. Today, I decided I wanted to do it again, with a new video post. I used the exact same settings as the last time, but with a budget of $10. So far, $2.67 have been spent just to essays, reach 660 people! This means a reach rate of 247 / $1 compared to 2000 / $1 for coursework ungraded the previous campaign! This is almost 8 times less reach! Also this reach rate is totally inconsistent with the estimate given by facebook for $10 budget, which was between 20000 – 40000. PS: by default, Facebook optimizes the boost for engagement, and I’ve kept it this way, although you can choose to reliability and validity paper essays, optimize it for impressions or for clicks. Great article!

Thank you very much for my thoughts on the holocaust essays your diligence. I didn’t just find your experiment useful to my own FB ad inquiries, it was cool to reliability paper, read as well. And/or Examination Ungraded. And I also liked the addition of the video at the end, which I watched in and validity paper essays, full. I’m so glad to my thoughts on the essays, have seen this before investing my time/money in FB advertising for a fledgling business. let me share my story… Its a page to promote my ebooks. I was wondering how to generate more traffic to it and help improve my ebook sales. So i set up an ad for countries around the world since i want my books to and validity essays, get known worldwide. Here is what happened. I got more likes from India and those regions than anywhere else in the world. I have gained them by the thousands in coursework, just over a week which i found amazing.

I knew a bit about the reliability and validity essays click farm but did not go into this with that mindset. results so far.: over 3000 likes in a week on less than 40$ i actually post some comments on my page and i see people liking the comments and essay for college my post reach is getting bigger as i get more fans. I am not sure at this point if people are just clicking thru click farms or simply that they are real fans of my page and really like what i post. So far “It appears” to reliability and validity paper, me that these are legit fans. But i am barely gaining any fans outside those countries which is gcse maths terminal kind of discouraging because you are only building a fan base in one general area. Those people seem engaged but i have seen no difference in ebooks sales even if i actually offered all of these people to get my ebooks for free as an and validity incentive to be my fans.

I have many fans and edexcel maths paper its growing rapidly everyday and it seems i have engagement on reliability and validity, my page but no difference in fight thesis masculinity, the way it is affecting the business i am trying to and validity, get up and structure essay in english running. I tend to believe that these might be legit fans but they have no money to spend on reliability and validity essays, the type of product i have for sale which makes my likes worthless at this time. My only hope at this time is that the my thoughts page gets big enough so that somehow it get plugged by someone with a big internet push and then i can pick up fans form the paper rest of the world and then really get my business off the ground. I dont think its wasted money because i have seen some promising results. But it feels like you are trying to thesis, sell a fridge to reliability and validity paper essays, an eskimo at edexcel maths terminal paper times. The ads are cheaper to get out in those countries but as they say… its better to have 100 fans who buy your product than to have 1000 who buy nothing for whatever reasons. First of all, thank you for this educational material you shared!

Just like on university, you gave us a lesson followed by case studies (comments) My experience- it took me $16 to realize that the and validity essays whole thing is a big scam. Thank you everybody for sharing your experiences and helping each other!! Thanks for breaking this down so well! I just experimented with my first boosted post for $5. It was reassuring that it got a lot of ‘likes’, because so few people were seeing my posts before, I didn’t know if they would.

But it only got one page like, and I stopped it after about edexcel, $3 because I couldn’t edit it to try and get more. I’ll probably try a few more with different calls to action since they aren’t that expensive. […] your fans, those not interacting with your page, you must “Boost” your posts. I thought this article was very informative and eye opening about what it means to “Boost Post”. I like his […] My Promise to You: I WILL NOT SPAM you with endless sales pitches I WILL provide USEFUL tips and tricks to essays, help you get started or to earn more with your business I will share EXCLUSIVE information in the newsletter.

What You Need to Make High Quality Videos on a Budget. I've been asked many times over the past year or two how to get started making YouTube videos. What type of equipment do I use, etc. What I'm going to essay, cover in and validity paper, this article is essay what you can use to get started producing professional looking videos on a relatively small budget. Paper. I have a full list of equipment inside, so let's get started. Read more » The reddit Experiment – Early Results. Back again with another experiment. This time using reddit to drive traffic to a fairly new site that me and a couple of friends started up. As you know (or will soon find out), without some serious help from ungraded external sources, be it popular blogs, mentions or social sites that somehow find you, it can be very difficult to drive any amount of traffic (qualified) to your websites. With that in reliability paper essays, mind, one of my partners is a little more into the social media world than I am and he has been opening my eyes to new sources of traffic, including reddit.

Follow the link to read and see some of the my thoughts awesome results from reliability and validity paper essays just a few small posts on reddit. Read more » How to Build Your Own Amazon Affiliate Links. You've looked all over fail and/or ungraded the place and tried to figure out how you can build your own Amazon Affiliate links without having to paper essays, use their tools. why? Because using their tools is a bit of a hassle. Structure. You just want a quick way to be able to and validity essays, do this yourself but you don't trust all the blogs on the internet because you want to be SURE that you're getting your affiliate earnings. I've got some good news for you - come on my thoughts holocaust, in and reliability and validity see how to create your links and how to verify they'll work. Essay In English. Read more » Password Manager – The Most Important Utility In Your Tool Belt. One thing you'll quickly realize when staring to do anything online is that you become buried in dozens of passwords. The biggest problem, other than having to reliability essays, keep up with all these passwords, is that we have a tendency to become lazy in making good ones.

Often times people will re-use passwords (worst thing you can do), or they'll start coming up with patterns for remembering passwords on various sites. There are a number of terminal bad habits that form with passwords, and reliability and validity there are a couple of good solutions out there to club masculinity, help alleviate the and validity paper problem. Read the article to find out club thesis, how you can improve your security online while making password management secure and more convenient. Read more » Ideas to Help You Become a Finisher. Too often, I find myself sitting down to accomplish something only to get sidetracked by something that I feel needs some attention. A perfect example is paper a site that I've accomplished very little on because every time I go there to do something, I find something that needs to be tweaked on the site rather than creating the senior essay content that is so vital to the site's existence. Other times I sit down to write some content, and for some reason I just find myself staring at and validity paper essays the screen rather than doing anything useful at ford essay all. If you've had this happen, trust me, you're not alone.

Come on in to find out some things to help you stay focused and finish your tasks. Read more »

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elephant essays kids Biodiversity and Elephant Conservation Trust. In Sri Lanka no other animal has been associated for so long with the people in their traditional and religious activities as the elephant. This association dates back to the Pre-Christian era, more than 5,000 years. Ancient Sinhalese kings captured and tamed elephants which used to abound in the country. Various methods of reliability essays, capture were employed, some indigenous, others introduced by neighbouring kings and countries that conquered and ruled Sri Lanka. Gradually the fail coursework and/or ungraded, number of elephants captured increased. All elephants were kept by the king in his stables. The methods of capture were refined and reliability paper essays modified as time went on. Picture: Elephants fighting for the entertainment of fail and/or, nobility. 1875.

Kottiar canoes passing Round Island The village of and validity, Kottiar. Native bridge over a river. The second shot. The return-crossing the river by raft. A veddah who offers his service. Kanda Kandu, the ferryman. Sinnacooty, Mr. J. Ford Company Analysis. M., Allah Pitchei. Illustrations: An Elephant Hunt in Ceylon. The Graphic.

December 3, 1887. In Sri Lanka the paper, variations in physical appearance amongst elephants were noticed and my thoughts essays recorded in ancient Sinhala manuscripts. There are ten such groups or #145;castes#146;. These differences do not seem important now. The first record of the association between man and and validity elephant in Sri Lanka was recorded in analysis the 1st Century BC on an inscription at Navalar Kulam in Panama Pattu in the Eastern Province, of a religious benefaction by a prince who was designated #147;Ath Arcaria#148; or Master of the Elephant Establishment. Paper. The Elephant Establishment was called the #147;Ath panthiya#148;. The ruins of the ancient cities in Sri Lanka abound with carvings of elephants in many forms, attesting to the close association between man and elephant. Sinhala literature of the 3rd Century BC indicates that the state elephant or Mangalahatti was the elephant on which the king rode. This elephant was always a tusker and essays had a special stable called the reliability essays, hatthisala.

The post to my thoughts on the holocaust essays, which it was tethered was called the alheka. A 12th Century inscription on a stone seat at Polonnaruwa records that King Nissanka Malla sat upon it while watching elephant fights. These fights were staged for the entertainment of nobles. A rock sculpture of an elephant on the banks of the Mahaweli River was described thus by archaeologist H.C.P. Bell: #147;This piece of animal sculpture is probably unique in and validity essays Ceylon. Cut in full round from a rock, life-size, are the head and shoulders of an elephant whose feet the river washed when low. The elephant stands in the water, looking slightly upstream, as though hesitating to cross. At present the river in semi-flood reaches its eyes. There are signs of #145;sets#146; for some building#146;s foundations on a boulder adjoining, but no ruins or inscriptions are known likely to ford, afford a clue to the object of this solitary tour de force of a skilful sculptor,#148; (Bell Bell, 1893). Unfortunately this rock sculpture no longer exists having been blasted probably by reliability and validity paper essays, fishermen dynamiting fish.

The first description of the capture of elephants in 40 AD is by Pliny. Terminal. Here, the information that he gathered was from the Sinhalese ambassador to the court of the Emperor Claudius. Elephants were used on all important ceremonial occasions especially where pomp and pageantry were required. And Validity Essays. The annual Perahera in Kandy, which dates back nearly 220 years, brings together well over a hundred elephants that parade the streets during the nights on certain pre-determined days in July-August each year. New Year festivities in Sri Lanka feature elephants in various sports and senior essay competitive combat. Elephant fights were a popular form of Sinhala sport in early times and was called #147;Gaja Keliya#148;.

Being built like a tank, elephants were used in war not only as a means of transport but also as an instrument of defence and offence. They were used to paper, ram barricades and, as Ives points out #147;in time of war, they now and then fix a heavy iron chain to the end of their trunks, which they whirl around with such agility, as to make it impossible for edexcel paper, an enemy to approach them at that time#148;. From the earliest of times there had been a significant demand for Sri Lankan elephants from other countries. Aelian, quoted by Emmerson Tennent in1859, says that the export of elephants from Ceylon to India had been going on without interruption from the period of the reliability paper, First Punic War. India wanted them for use as war elephants, Myanmar as a tribute from gcse terminal paper, ancient kings and Egypt probably for both war and ceremonial occasions. The elephants from Sri Lanka were found to easily adapt for war and were considered better than those from the mainland. Their excellent qualities were well known to the Greeks even as far back as the 3rd Century BC, in the time of Alexander the Great. Onescritus, who was an Admiral of the Fleet of Alexander the Great and probably the first European to describe the trained elephants of Ceylon, has stated that the elephants from Taprobane (later Ceylon and then Sri Lanka) #147;are bigger, more fierce and furious for war service than those of India,#148;. Greek writers like Megasthenes (circa 300 BC) and Aelian (44AD) corroborate this.

Sixth Century writer Cosmos Indicopleustes says that the elephant from Sri Lanka was highly priced in India for its excellence in war. Elephants from Sri Lanka were exported to Kalinga by reliability, special boats from coursework and/or examination, about 200 BC. From the and validity, port of Mantai the present day Mannar. Essay In English. Such exports are also recorded by Ptolemy in 175 AD. By this time Sri Lanka had also earned a reputation for skilled elephant management. And Validity Paper Essays. The Sinhala kings had special elephant trainers. They were the Kuruwe people from Kegalle. Training elephants caught from the wild, for both traditional purposes and war, was the for college, responsibility of these people.

Even persons (mahouts) who looked after the elephants after their training were trained by the Kuruwe people. A brass model of an elephant with a number of movable joints was used in reliability and validity the training of the mahouts. Records show that even though Sri Lanka was exporting a large number of elephants in the 5th and 6th centuries BC, a number of elephants were also imported into the country after the 4th Century BC. This is apart from the gifts that the ruling monarchs of India and Myanmar, (then Burma) sent from time to time. The Culavamsa (Ch. LXXVI) records that during the reign of King Parakrama Bahu (1153-1186 AD), King Ramana of company analysis, Myanmar decreed that the practice of selling elephants from his kingdom for export should henceforth be stopped. #147;Moreover with evil intent, the king also set a high price on the beasts, commanding that the elephants which were sold in former times for a hundred nikkhalas of silver, or a thousand, should now be sold for two thousand or three thousand and he likewise put an end to the ancient custom of giving an elephant to every ship that bore presents to the king [of Sri Lanka].#148; The chronicle goes on reliability, to say that Prakrama Bahu made war on the King of Burma and subdued him. Later, the Burmese relented and said #147;Take henceforth from us as yearly tribute, as many elephants as are necessary.#148;

Records of the 12th Century AD again show that elephants continued to be imported from Burma. The export of elephants too continued and structure this is confirmed from time to paper, time by writers on Ceylon - Sinhala Chronicles (15th Century), Athanasius Nikitin the Russian traveller (1470). Add-er-Razzak (1442) refers to essay in english, the trade in elephants between Calicut and reliability and validity paper essays Ceylon. Andrea Corsall and company Durate Barbosa (1514) refer to reliability paper, the Royal monopoly of elephants - a good elephant fetched 1,500 ducats on the Malabar Coast at that time. Ribeiro (1836) states that #147;As the Ceylon elephant was superior, traders were prepared to pay twice or even up to four times for edexcel maths paper, them compared to elephants from other countries.#148; There are a number of references in early writings to man#146;s association with and reliability and validity paper essays his use of elephants. The Mahawamsa (Sri Lanka#146;s chronicle of history) details many such instances, especially that of Kandula the elephant on which King Dutugamunu (200 BC), rode to war. Dutch, Portuguese and structure of an essay British reports and books record several instances of elepant capture, their use by the Sinhala Kings in their armies, elephant fights and the execution of criminals by elephants. In certain instances the strength of a King or Potentate was judged by the number of elephants he used in war. The King of Kandy maintained a special unit that dealt with all matters concerning elephants including their capture, training, conservation and paper essays export. This unit was under the chief officer known as the my thoughts on the, Gajanayake Nilame.

The Gajanayake Nilame, was of a high caste and received many favours, including land, from the king. The elephant catchers and keepers were from the lower castes. During the times of the Sinhala kings, even though there were tens of and validity paper essays, thousands of elephants in all parts of the country, this animal was afforded complete protection by royal decree. Accordingly, no elephant could be captured, killed or maimed without the king#146;s authority. All offenders were punished by death. Unlike today the cultivators of senior for college, that time could not plead that the and validity essays, elephants were harmed in the protection of their crops.

Any depredation or damage to crops by wild elephants had to be prevented by stout fencing together with organized and effective watching by the farmers. It is interesting to note that though there were many more elephants then than now, Sri Lanka was considered to be the granary of the East. When the Portuguese captured the maritime provinces of Sri Lanka they found a flourishing export trade in elephants. They too, quickly got involved in the elephant export trade, and at first obtained their elephants as tribute from the Sinhala people through their leaders. Thereafter they captured animals on their own. The Portuguese also set up a revenue-gathering unit, similar to the king#146;s organization, known as the Elephant Hunt. Abeysinghe (1966) wrote that the Portuguese maintained an annual demand of 37 elephants for export from two kraals. These were valued at 9,250 rix dollars which was equal to my thoughts essays, 15% of the total revenue of the state. In 1507 the Viceroy of India sent a gift of a small elephant, imported from and validity essays, Ceylon, to King Manuel of Portugal. After seven years in Lisbon this elephant, named Annone, was presented to Pope Leo X and moved to Rome.

Annone lived in Rome for structure, three years but died after developing stomach trouble due to the variety of food given to it by and validity essays, visitors and admirers. There is a memorial in Rome to Annone the first elephant in edexcel the Vatican (Hulugalle, 1969). The King#146;s Elephant Unit continued to operate within the Kandyan kingdom even after the reliability paper, Portuguese occupation of the structure of an essay in english, Maritime Provinces. Latterly however, the function of the King#146;s Elephant Unit was only to supply the king#146;s army with elephants. Reliability And Validity Essays. This was because with the development of cannons and musketry, the elephant was both frightened and vulnerable, and its export demand as an instrument of war was greatly reduced.

During the reign of the Portuguese the person in charge of the ungraded, Elephant Hunt was called the Gajanayake. The Gajanayake was in charge of paper, stables at Matara. This was a large establishment. In 1697 there were 97 elephants in the stables at edexcel terminal Matara. Baldeus wrote, in 1704, of a place in Matara where captured wild elephants were tamed before they were sold to buyers who came from the Coramandel Coast and Bengal. A very large stable had been built to paper, house these animals. These stables at Matara are the site of the present Kachcheri.

The animals apparently were bathed twice a day in a nearby river, very likely the Nilwala. Tame elephants were used as monitors and trainers. Those people who were sent into the jungles to essay, look for suitable herds of and validity, elephants to be captured in kraals were called Baddenas. When the herds were sighted, the Dissawa of the area was informed and he in turn gave instructions for club, arrangements to be made to hold the kraal. The men, numbering over a thousand, were divided into four groups under a leader called a Hattrebethmarale. The Aratchies were those in charge of the trappers who noosed the elephants once there were inside the and validity paper essays, Kraal and also trained the captured elephants. In 1586 the king of structure, Kandy, Rajasingha I, led an army which included a strong force of 2,200 highly trained elephants for fighting and for other services, and laid siege on the Portuguese fort in reliability and validity paper Colombo. The siege however, was not successful.

It is recorded that, in 1706, the king of Kandy had in essay his stables over 300 tuskers. The elephant was used less and reliability less for war and subsequently only for ceremonial occasions. In 1656 the Dutch laid siege on the Fort of Colombo held by club thesis masculinity, the Portuguese. Ribeiro, the Portuguese soldier and historian, records that all the elephants in the Fort excepting one, were eaten by reliability and validity, the defenders as they ran short of food after a time. Only one elephant was spared because it was needed to carry timber to repair the defences that were being damaged by the attackers.

Robert Knox, a Scotsman, who was a prisoner in the Kandyan kingdom for essays, nearly 20 years, writing in the 17th Century, stated #147;that the King makes use of them (elephants) as executioners: they will run their teeth [tusks] through the body, and then tear it in pieces, and throw it limb for limb. They have a sharp iron with a socket with three edges, which they put on their teeth at and validity paper such times; for the elephants that are kept have all the ends of their teeth cut to make them grow better, and they do grow out again. Sirr (1850) also says that elephants were used as executioners of for college, criminals, by training them to crush the victim#146;s limbs and placing one of its legs on reliability paper essays, the man#146;s body, tear off the limbs. Fortunately, the use of the mild tempered elephants for such gruesome executions has long been stopped. Pybus states that the Dutch had to obtain permission from the king of Kandy to capture elephants which were within his domain. The king generally agreed to the Dutch capturing 20 to 30 animals each year, but the Dutch constantly exceeded this figure, capturing around 150 each year and 200 in senior essay for college one year. And Validity Paper Essays. They continued to use the essays, elephant stables at Matara referred to earlier. Elephants were also exported by the Dutch from Karativu island. The elephants were driven into the Jaffna peninsula by a shallow ford that separated it from the mainland.

This ford has now been bridged and given the name Elephant Pass. The Dutch held an reliability annual sale of elephants in fight statement Jaffna. Elephants caught in Kraals and those received as tribute were sold there. And Validity Paper Essays. Buyers from the Coramandel and the Bengal coasts continued to attend these sales regularly. The traditional methods of capture by noosing etc. were practised for a much longer period. However, in 1761 the Dutch Governor Becker made a decree prohibiting the use of pits and nooses for edexcel maths, the capture of elephants. This was in reliability and validity essays a bid to essay for college, keep the mortality rate among the captive elephants low. The form of noosing practised in northern Ceylon was different to the noosing methods of the Eastern Province and paper essays other parts of the analysis, country. A large noose was suspended from a strong tree with a man or several men on reliability, the tree to manipulate the noose. Elephants were then driven towards the fight club statement, tree with the noose.

With this ban, kraaling became the only method of capture that could be employed. When the British captured the Maritime Provinces from the Dutch in 1796, and later the Kandyan Kingdom in 1815, they continued the capture of elephants for some time but on a low-priority basis. The British however, indulged in the shooting of elephants as a form of sport. Elephant populations that had been able to withstand the detrimental effects of paper essays, capture all these years now started diminishing rapidly with the wanton and senior for college indiscriminate destruction of the elephant herds. Major Thomas Rogers is credited with having shot over 1,500 elephants. This works out to and validity, an average of one elephant being killed by him every day for four years. Two others, Captain Galleway and Major Skinner are reputed to have shot half that number each. Essay. Many other #145;sportsmen#146; have shot in the region of 250-300 animals during this time. As the elephant was a threat to the agricultural activities of the rural population, the reliability, British provided guns freely to villagers to keep away the marauding elephants from their cultivations. This action, which seemed necessary at that time, added to the destruction of the elephant. Farmers, who had hitherto protected their crops from marauding elephants by other means, now had a much easier method.

They shot at them and either maimed or killed them. The British were also interested in developing plantation crops in addition to subsistence crops. British planters, who were opening up the railways and roads along with coffee and later tea plantations, also shot trespassing elephants at will. Here again the purported protection of gcse terminal paper, their crops seemed to reliability paper, justify their actions. The planters combined their sport and the protection of their plantations and club thesis masculinity shot elephants at will, so much so that the once large elephant population in the hills dwindled rapidly. The British did away with the Elephant Department started by the Sinhalese and the Elephant Hunt maintained for the occupied areas by the Portuguese and the Dutch. They also greatly reduced the number of kraals that were held. And Validity. In fact in 1828 the on the holocaust essays, British passed a law prohibiting the and validity, capture of elephants except for the government. This law was rescinded in structure in english 1831.

The Kandyan chiefs, however, continued holding kraals and it is recorded that from 1800 to 1900, fifty two kraals were held. The last Kraal was held in 1952.