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area 51 essay This paper is an analysis of the key facts behind the Bob Lazar S-4 story. It is essay intended for those who are already familiar with the basic story. It is not intended as a telling of the story. The Bob Lazar story can be summed up best with two general opposing set of observations; Everyone involved seemed to be telling the aqa as media story truthfully to the best of their ability. The one exception seemed to be the claim by Lazar that he had two masters degrees, one from MIT and one from Cal Tech. World Issues Extended. Nothing found in any investigation of the claim gave the education claim any support. Despite the problems uploading common app fact that everyone seemed to be telling the truth there were a lot of pieces in the puzzle that did not fit together. Some of these discrepancies included a) Lazar being hired at S-4 without any apparent visible qualifications b) Lazar starting work the day after the essay final interview and receiving a security clearance reportedly 38 levels above “Q level” when security clearances at the time were taking 12-18 months to process. c) On the first day of work he gets to read over 100 documents detailing various government alien research programs, when the rule would be that all this would be highly compartmentalized, and aqa as media coursework, his “need to know” should only allow him to only read briefings related to world issues extended, the part of the program he would be working on. d) After taking Lear and others to watch the flying saucer tests from the edge of the base, Lazar was not fired. Instead he was told that his security clearance would be suspended for 6-9 months and he could apply to get it back.
More bizarre is the fact that Lazar was told that the security clearance was pulled not because he violated his security clearance by telling and showing people what was going on opinio essay in a Top Secret program, but because his wife was having an world essay, affair and this made him psychologically vulnerable. Media. After this debriefing, he doesn’t even have to wait the 6-9 months. He is called back to work at S-4 shortly after when they now know for sure he was passing classified material to people with no “need to know.” Although there were many indicators that things should not have happened the way Lazar claimed, Lazar’s basic story of being at issues extended essay the base and being exposed to coursework, a back-engineering program related to flying saucers remained intact after an world issues extended essay, 6 month investigation by essay, investigative reporter George Knapp at world issues extended essay KLAS-TV in problems app Las Vegas and investigations by other researchers. There were many things that indicated Lazar might just be telling the story exactly as he had experienced it such a) Lazar underwent regressive hypnosis which would be a strange move by world, someone who was making up a story. These sessions revealed no deception and indicated he had in fact been involved a program that looked like a flying saucer program. b) Lazar underwent four lie detector tests which he did not fail.
The second session of two lie-detector tests was conducted by Terry Tavernetti who worked for report, the casino industry and who did lie-detector tests every day. Tavernetti was hired by KLAS-TV and his conclusion was “If he’s (Lazar) lying he should be in world extended Hollywood because he gave absolutely no physiological indication of attempting deception.” c) Lazar named Mike Thigpen as the member of the Office of Federal Investigations (OFI) who interviewed him related to his security clearance. Knapp confirmed in his investigation that there was a person by this name working for the OFI and that the agency’s job was to do background checks on coursework people who get clearances to world issues extended, work at the Nevada Test Site or at Nellis AFB. Later in his investigation he actually tracked Thigpen down and causes, confronted him about visiting Lazar, but Thigpen claimed he couldn’t remember. d) Despite the fact that Los Alamos National Labs (where Lazar claimed he had worked and held a Q clearance) denied any connection to world extended, Lazar, Knapp was able to opinio essay, verify Lazar’s claim by finding h is name in the Los Alamos lab phone book, recovering an extended, article that identified Lazar as being a physicist working at Los Alamos, and paragraph write, having Lazar take him on a tour through the buildings at issues Los Alamos. During this tour Lazar appeared to know the staff, was allowed to go anywhere he wanted and seemed to book diorama instructions, know his way around d) Most importantly, Knapp found two dozen witnesses at the base, or connected to the base, who substantiated all or parts of world issues extended Lazar’s story that there were recovered alien saucers and a live alien at the base. Causes Crimes Essay. e) Knapp arranged for someone who had worked at the base to question Lazar about how things operated at the base that would not be common knowledge such as where is the cafeteria and how do you pay for your food there.
Lazar was able to world essay, answer the questions. Of Hate. f) Lazar was questioned many times on his story and never contradicted himself. g) There are many witnesses around Lazar (including Knapp, Lear, and extended essay, Huff) who will testify that in the months following Lazar leaving the program that phones were being tapped, houses being broken into, and people were followed. The strongest evidence in this regard is essay given by extended, Knapp who stated that on six occasions, people who had agreed on the phone to go on camera were quickly visited by people “flashing badges” or claiming to be with the uploading essays app secret service threatening them. In all six cases the issues essay people backed out of going on camera. In the job vacancy case of one woman, who claimed to have been in meetings discussing the movement of world issues extended alien material from of hate crimes Wright-Patterson AFB to world essay, Area 51, twenty years later she will still not even talk to Knapp after implied death threats to her and her daughter. h) Finally, Lazar was able to diorama instructions, take witnesses out to the edge of the base on essay March 22 and March 29, 1989 and let them see a flying saucer test over S-4 that all agreed appeared to an application letter, be an object best described as a UFO. The object appeared where Lazar said it would appear at exactly at what time Lazar said it would appear. Of the many theories that have been floated to explain the Bob Lazar/ Area 51 story the theory that best seems to explain the various discrepancies and facts of the story is that this was a move to issues extended, gradually disclose the basic fact that there was some sort of crashed saucer program at S-4. It was masked with various misdirections (some might use the word disinformation) to prevent researchers from essay good write obtaining solid proof of the saucer program and therefore end the cover-up. This disclosure conclusion is accepted by all the main participants as a possible answer to what had occurred to Bob Lazar. Knapp, who conducted the biggest investigation of the case, came to essay, this conclusion; “I’ve worked it longer than anyone and my opinion is that while it is not a black or white story and it is not clear as to letter for a, what was going on whether Bob was really telling a revelation or whether he was telling a story that was supposed to be told.
I don’t believe he was consciously telling some disinformation thing. World. I think he was led down a path. I think they let him see glimpses of stuff. They decided to pick someone who could be easily discredited after the story gets out and he was perfect for it. He had such crazy wild interests and had credentials that were not easily provable. They figured let’s see what happens when we tell this story of Area 51… I believe Bob really was out there. I believe he really did see some of this. He saw something that looks very much like flying saucers…I think maybe there are factions that wanted this story out. Would people really freak out? How would they react?
It could very well be that they did have the intention – let’s tell this story. Bob gets discredited and then everyone will leave us alone, because we really do have exotic things flying around out essay good write, there. No one will ever believe a story about what is flying around out extended essay, here ever again. The effect was that they put it out and then pulled it back. They allowed Bob to spill the beans, allowed us to tell the story, and then in the eyes of a lot of essay good people discredited him entirely.” 1. When presented with this theory that Lazar had been taken to the base knowing that he would spill the beans and then get exposed, John Lear agreed and essay, stated that he and Lazar had actually discussed the possibility; “That’s certainly plausible. Book. I’ve always thought that it was possible they were trying to get the world issues essay information out. They said Lear is interested in it. Let’s work this out so that he can get the book diorama instructions information out. I’ve always told Bob (Lazar) that we tried our best but we didn’t do a very good job.” 2. Lazar’s close friend Gene Huff said; When you extrapolate that out that there must have been some people that wanted to get it out and some who didn’t – right? I think there was a conflict there because if there was a consensus that they wanted to get it out it could have been accomplished. Issues Essay. They certainly tried to prevent it after the fact.
He asked them when he was there, “How do you keep this secret?” and they said it’s the essay good easiest thing in world issues essay the world to do. As long as you don’t prove anything one way or the other – as long as you keep people on the fence and ridicule those who believe or who have seen things, and dismiss the rest it is easy to keep secret because everyone wants to say there’s no life anywhere else that we have discovered. 3. The time line of the of hate crimes Lazar story is supported by other apparent gradual disclosure events that were occurring at the same time. World. President Reagan was leaving office just as the letter for a Lazar story happened. Reagan had a big interest in the UFO subject, and researchers around at the time will remember that there was a lot of talk about Reagan disclosing the truth before he left office, including one rumor that stated Reagan would appear in a video message with the live alien. Issues Extended. Lazar was hired only letter for a job vacancy, five weeks after the UFO documentary “UFO Cover-up Live” which was hyped prior to its airing as a disclosure effort by those controlling the UFO secret. Essay. Most of the an application for a job vacancy people involved in world extended the documentary didn’t like participating because the report diorama whole production was carefully scripted. World Issues Extended Essay. Everyone was forced to an application letter for a, read from cue cards, and the material on the cue cards was not what they had written.
No one knew who had written the material on the cue cards. In the issues extended essay small audience of less than a dozen quietly sat the Falcon from the an application letter for a Defense Intelligence Agency. It was Falcon who had contacted Bill Moore for almost a decade providing him the whole MJ-12 and Project Aquarius story. Besides Falcon being in the audience, there were other indications that those in world issues control might have been behind the show. The executive producer of the show was Michael Seligman who was working for Grey Advertising in New York. Grey had long faced the crimes essay rumor in world issues extended essay the UFO community that it was a front for the CIA. Causes Of Hate Crimes Essay. This does not mean that Seligman knew but that the CIA might just have used Grey without being visible in the whole process. Such a story would seem like typical UFO conspiracy theory, except that Grey Advertising had been connected to another UFO documentary where there was influence from government officials.
In 1974 UFOs Past, Present, and Future was released. One of the producers of the show Bob Emenegger, was at the time a Vice-President for Grey advertising in world issues extended essay Los Angeles. Emenegger stated that the documentary had nothing to do with Grey but it is possible higher ups arranged doing the documentary without his knowledge. Emenegger did confirm at least two items that indicated a CIA connection to the documentary. He did not know why but stated that there had been a CIA agent, Dick Betsy, present during the entire production. The second thing that Bob brought up was about his partner in the project Allen Sandler. Emenegger told British researcher Robbie Graham that Sandler, “did things for the CIA, and maybe even the FBI… they all seemed to good, work together.” Despite the bad reviews of issues extended essay UFO Cover–up Live by participants, in the succeeding years it has become apparent that there were items shown in the documentary that appeared to be ideas that officials may have wanted to get out that were carefully hidden within the diorama instructions documentary. These included. Alien graphics – there were thirteen graphics that showed an world essay, alien, wire-frame views of the alien’s hands and feet, the brain, and the structure of its internal organs. Later marking were discovered in the corners of the frames that indicated the drawing had come from instructions FTD at world issues Wright-Patterson AFB.
Curt Brubaker, a producer, later admitted that is where he had in fact obtained the crimes drawings from Wright-Patterson. Live alien – the story of three live aliens since 1947 as guests of the United States was told. World Issues Extended Essay. This is part of what has become known in letter the UFO community as part of the core story. World Issues Extended. Many researchers (Whitley Streiber, Linda Howe, Bill Moore, Jamie Shandera, Bob Emenegger) were all offered interviews with a live alien around the good paragraph time of the documentary. World Extended. Linda Howe was even offered an opinio essay, interview with a Captain who had actually lived with the alien in captivity. Crystal – the story of an alien crystal was told. The aliens could use it to show us our history and in most stories told about the crystal the time of Jesus Christ was mentioned. Linda Howe was told about the crystal. So was Paul Benniwitz, and Moore. Issues Essay. Jamie Shandera, Moore’s partner in the MJ-12 investigation, hinted to Greg Bishop just before he disappeared from the UFO community that he had been shown something that Moore speculated might be the problems common app crystal.
Bill Moore stated that Falcon had mentioned the crystal “numerous times.” Bob Emenegger had an experience he thinks might have been connected to the crystal story. He was asked by a government official “If we had something where we could show Christ giving the sermon on the mount, how would you present it to the public?” The MJ-12 Navy connection – the documentary claimed that the Navy was the key group in the UFO situation, and that the headquarters for MJ-12 was the Naval Observatory in Washington D.C. Lazar would later state that the world extended essay Navy was in charge of the UFO back-engineering going on at S-4. Book Diorama. In the early fifties, Wilbert Smith who was in charge of the Canadian flying saucer investigation told people working with him that his contacts to extended, the subject in the United States were from the Navy. In the good write last couple years Ronald Pandolfi, a senior analyst in extended essay charge of the good paragraph UFO files at the CIA, would tell the story that all flag officers in Naval Intelligence are read into the core UFO story. Following the show the producer was “visited by a local FBI agent--a story that has been confirmed--apparently to discuss the show and its contents.” 4 Most importantly, a flow chart was shown on the show that indicated how the UFO cover-up was structured from the President on down. One chain in extended essay the command went President – MJ-12 – DIA – Area 51.
This was the instructions first time Area 51 / UFOs connection was mentioned publicly. It was a full five weeks before Lazar was hired at world extended essay S-4 and six and a half months before his first backlit interview on KLAS-TV where he went public with his story. Those in book report diorama control of the UFO cover-up were leaking the world UFO / Area 51 connection even before Bob Lazar got on the stage. Putting the good paragraph Pieces Together. Extended. Consider the following possible scenario. The whole story centers not on Bob Lazar but on John Lear. Aqa As Media Coursework. Lazar is only a pawn in issues essay the game. John Lear had become interested in UFOs, and overnight became a prominent UFO figure just months before Lazar came on the scene.
His family name alone made him a person whose word carried some weight. He had exposed the letter for a existence of Area 51, the Stealth fighter, and was attracting a lot of world issues extended essay attention in for a job vacancy Las Vegas and in the UFO community with lectures (including one to the Las Vegas chapter of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers) and extended essay, papers on the UFO cover-up. People were listening to him, and he was attracting big audiences. An Application Letter For A Job Vacancy. Although Lear was popular many in the UFO community at the time had doubts about some stories and conclusions that he was putting out. Lear knew this making a joke at one point that any question asked of Lazar that started with “John Lear says” would be answered with “John Lear is a nutball.” The questions about some of what Lear was saying by researchers would make him a perfect candidate for putting out a story that would get wide distribution but that would not be taken seriously. The targeting of Lear mirrored the targeting of earlier researchers and film producers who were used to get information out but keep everyone sitting on the fence when it came to the UFO reality. In the mid fifties Walt Disney was contacted by world issues extended essay, the military to for a job vacancy, produce a UFO documentary to help acclimatize the population about the UFO reality. He was promised actual UFO footage for issues essay, the documentary. As he was finishing up on crimes the documentary he was notified that the film would not be available He finished the extended project and released it without the film. In 1974 Bob Emenegger and Allan Sandler signed a contract with the book report diorama instructions Pentagon to produce another UFO documentary.
They received cooperation from all the military and intelligence officials they contacted. As part of the deal they were promised, and actually had in their possession, film of an actual landing of aliens at Holloman AFB. At the essay last moment, like Disney before them, the film was pulled at the last moment and was delivered back to the Pentagon from Los Angeles where the documentary was being produced. They were, however, allowed to put eight seconds of the video for the documentary not involving the landed craft or aliens. Despite not having the whole film, the idea that aliens had interacted with the military did get out, as Emenegger and Sandler told the story of the landing, described as “as an event that might have happened” using animation. Essay Good. Two of the researchers who were targeted to get out information were Linda Howe and Bill Moore. Linda Howe had gained UFO community and media prominence with her cattle mutilation documentary called A Strange Harvest. As she was preparing for a new HBO project on UFOs she was approached by issues extended essay, AFOSI agent Richard Doty who told her she had upset people in essay good Washington with her cattle mutilation documentary. He showed her a purported Top Secret UFO briefing for the President, and offered her actual film for world issues extended, the HBO project from the alien landing at Holloman AFB. Howe would later share what she had read in the briefing with the of hate essay UFO community but was never able to verify any of the information in the document. The idea that there were numerous high-level UFO projects got out and extended essay, a second message was delivered that there had been an alien landing at Holloman was repeated.
Linda suffered little damage except for media, losing the HBO documentary caused by Doty’s failure to provide the film. World Extended. The next researcher target after Howe was Bill Moore who had become a target following the release of his co-authored book The Roswell Incident. The book was a heavily documented account of the 1947 Roswell UFO crash. It sold over a million copies and propelled him to the top of good paragraph write a list of respected UFO investigators. Only nine days after the book’s release he was contacted twice by world issues essay, a DIA agent code-named Falcon with the causes of hate message that he was the only one who knew what he was talking about, and 5 “he represented a group of highly placed people who were unhappy with the secrecy surrounding the extended essay UFO subject, and wanted someone they could trust in problems essays common app order to release the information to the public but “without breaking the world issues law.” Moore was fed a series of causes crimes documents including the world extended essay now infamous MJ-12 documents. He spent a number of years studying them and an application letter for a job vacancy, was not sure about them. He, however, was forced to release then in extended essay 1987 when Falcon informed him that they were about to be released in Britain. Moore released the documents which was the beginning of the end of his UFO career. He was unable publicly verify the documents and faced numerous accusations that he had hoaxed the documents. After telling the story of his interactions with Falcon he withdrew from the field a few years later.
Moore was neutralized but the concept of MJ-12 would get out. In the succeeding years a dozen other witnesses would independently confirm the existence of book report diorama instructions MJ-12 – the Majestic group. One such confirmation was provided by John Lear’s mother who phoned her friend General Jimmy Doolittle on John’s behalf. Asked by Mrs. Lear if Majestic had existed Doolittle replied, “Yes Moya, it did, but that’s all I can say.” CIA’s Pandolfi told researcher Dan Smith that because the issues extended essay government can’t track the UFO phenomena they track the people who study it. Problems Uploading Essays Common. 6 It also appears that the government may not be able to control the UFO phenomena but they can control the world issues extended researchers and film producers. As with Howe and Moore the idea was that Lear would be used to carry another key piece of the UFO story that they wanted out - the story of alien hardware and at least one alien at Area 51. Why they would want it out is somewhat speculative, but the concept of controlled releases has been discussed openly by Dr.
Kit Green. As a former member of the CIA, Green had as part of his job for six years control of the “weird desk” which handled the phenomenology files including UFOs. Speaking with author Mark Pilkington, Green described gradual UFO disclosure. If something really strange in the area of UFOs is true, then what do we do about conveying that information to book report instructions, the public? First we must consider what may be the basic facts (describes the issues core story which is distilled core of the information known about the diorama instructions subject that in issues extended essay 1986 that he Hal Puthoff, and Jacques Vallee had agreed on – “The ETs came here, maybe once , maybe a few times. Either through accident of by design, the US government acquired one of their craft.
The only problem is that the physics that powered the craft were so advanced that for decades we humans have struggled to understand it or to duplicate it.”)…if you were to aqa as media coursework, give them the core story right off the bat, they’d get sick, so you do it slowly over ten or twenty years. You put out a bunch of movies, a bunch of extended books, a bunch of stories, a bunch of Internet memes about reptilian aliens eating our children, about the crimes essay crazy stuff we’ve see recently in issues Serpo. Then one day you say. “Hey, all that stuff is nonsense, relax, it’s not that bad, you don’t have to worry, the reality is this” and then you give them the an application for a job vacancy real story. Now that is a tried and tested desensitization model. And to the extent that there is a core story that is true, and to the extent that the people who want to get the core story out want to world issues, do it in a way that will not hurt the people, that’s what they would do – they come up with a bunch of aqa as media nonsense, and then they get rid of it, gradually making the public more comfortable to that when they are finally presented with the truth, it’s not as frightening as they originally feared. “I can believe that,” they’ll say. “I didn’t believe the crazy reptile stuff, and I didn’t belief that they were abducting babies from wombs on beams of extended essay light. But I can believe the part about the spaceship and the back-engineered technology.” 7. Lazar would carry the story of back-engineering alien technology. Media Coursework. A true piece of the story would be mixed in with piles of material he would read in “briefings” presented to him on issues extended the first couple days at S-4 such as the aliens creating man through a series of genetic manipulations, the account of a battle with the aliens underground at Area 51, government projects on control of time and space, and deals with the Russians. As had happened with Bill Moore and uploading common app, the MJ-12 documents researchers would reject the alien Area 51 story it as just another UFO hoax, once everyone learned about world issues, Lazar questionable background, and the inconsistencies in the story.
Like Moore whose career was ruined by problems essays common, his MJ-12 announcement, Lear would hopefully be silenced, or at least totally discredited. Bill Moore had introduced the world issues essay existence of MJ-12 to letter, the public and was silenced as a credible researcher. Lear would do the same for the Area 51 disclosure. The concept that there were crashed saucers at Area 51 would become installed in issues essay the public consciousness, and letter, the necessary cover-up would be maintained. At least that was the plan. Extended Essay. This gradual disclosure scenario begins to explain many of the inconsistencies that have always been a problem in the Bob Lazar story. Consider for example the fact that Bob Lazar fit none of the qualifications that would be needed for the job on the base. Even he himself admitted this saying it had “perplexed him” why he was hired at S-4.
He confirmed in many interviews that there were many people available who would have been better qualified. His only real expertise was in jet engines as he had built one in a Honda he owned and talked about it with Dr. Teller who was his main reference on his resume. Lazar asks to work at Groom Lake where there are probably thousands of jobs dealing with jet engines where he might have some ideas to contribute. Essays Common App. Yet, he is not hired for jet engine related job, but for one of 22 jobs at world extended essay the base working on flying saucer back engineering. So why was he hired at S-4? The answer lies in aqa as media his three interviews for the job. All three according to Lazar were mostly technical.
The only extended essay, oddball question was the paragraph first question in issues essay the second interview – tell us about your relationship with John Lear and what do you think of him? That’s how we know for sure that Lear was the target. That’s why Lazar was hired in the flying saucer program at opinio essay S-4 instead of the jet engine program at Area 51. Those behind the plan wanted him there because of his association with Lear. Otherwise it makes no sense to place a friend of Lear’s in the Top Secret UFO program if the plan is to keep it secret. There are two possibilities of how authorities knew the Lear connection. The first possible reason was that Lazar was actually working for the government and was part of the setup . It is essay not know if Lazar was asked directly by Knapp if he was working in cooperation to get the story out, but there are a couple other facts which indicate this was a possibility. The first indicator was that Lazar stated that part of his job was to spy on John Lear and tell security people at coursework S-4 about him.
In one interview with Knapp, Lazar’s friend Gene Huff explained, “the security guys had found out issues essay, that Bob knew John Lear, and they wanted Bob to interact with John Lear to see if John really knew anything about the actuality of what was going on there. John was listening to Bob and Bob was listening to John reporting to the security guys what John said…he was spying on John.” 8. The second possible reason authorities might have known about the Lazar Lear friendship is that Lazar had been asking UFO related questions at crimes Los Alamos on Lear’s behalf. World Issues Extended Essay. That would have triggered a security alarm, and the authorities would have been monitoring him. His association with Lear and essay good, his newfound interest in UFOs made him the perfect candidate for issues essay, working at S-4. Paragraph. They could show him what they wanted and essay, they would be assured that he would carry the information back to Lear. In 1987 Lear had written a paper for other researchers about media, crashed saucers and about things such as the aliens killing many scientists and Special Forces at an underground base at Dulce. Lazar brought back stories about crashed saucers and also about the alien killing of scientists and Special Forces. In the briefing he had seen, however, the incident had occurred at world issues extended Area 51 and not Dulce. Crimes Essay. Lear would be interested in this underground battle story as he had written about it. In the same was Moore was interested in Roswell and world issues extended essay, therefore was fed the MJ-12 document which included details on the Roswell crash written up exactly as Moore had outlined the event in his 1980 Roswell book. Viewing the Lazar encounter at S-4 as a possible event that was planned from the causes essay beginning explains many of the inconsistencies that have always been part of the world essay story.
Often when the Bob Lazar flying saucer story is brought up there are a substantial number of researchers who believe that the story was set up by the USAF as a cover story for the many earthly advanced aircraft that supposedly were being developed at Area 51. A cover story is a fictional version of uploading a story that is put out to cover an world essay, organizations real actions or intentions. A prime example of the idea that the Lazar story was a cover story was presented by Norio Hayakawa who met with Bob Lazar in essay February 1990 almost a year after Lazar went public with his claim about world essay, flying saucers at S-4. After the essays interview Lazar gave Hayakawa instructions about when and where he could go to watch the UFO tests for himself. After driving to the spot Lazar had told him to go, Hayakawa described that he and essay, others with him “observed a bright orangish light appearing over the Groom Mountains and (it) made some interesting maneuvers. Essay Good. I was quite impressed at that time. Around 7:15 p.m., another light came up.” Hayakawa stated the object zigzagged and world issues extended essay, was exhibited extraordinary maneuverability. Later analysis of the picture showed a “domed structure – a disc.” Hayakawa stated that he was very excited and the incident began an interest in opinio essay Area 51 that continues to this day. Later, however, Hayakawa came to believe that the world objects he had seen were not alien crafts but “our aircraft (such as prototypes of newer black triangular craft) (or possibly, the initial phases of problems essays app test-flights of UAVs, or ‘unmanned aerial vehicles’, or even ‘unmanned combat aerial vehicles’ (UCAVs), or other remotely-controlled platforms.” 10 The Lazar stories he believed may only have been a cover story. A key example of a confirmed cover story is the one that was used just after the first nuclear test at the Trinity site in July 1945.
Because the explosion could be seen as far away as Texas, the issues essay military put out a cover story that there had been an ammunition magazine explosion at the Alamogordo Field. Report Diorama Instructions. The public bought the story, they went back to their daily life, and forgot about world, what they had seen. That is how a cover story is supposed to work. If Bob Lazar’s Area 51 story was a cover story it did not work so well. In fact, it could easily go down as the an application letter worst cover story ever employed. If one googles the Pyramids of Giza you will come up with 1,370,000 hits. If you Google the Great Wall of China you will come up with 18,000,000 hits. If you Google Area 51 you will come up with 91,000,000. Area 51 has become one of the most famous places in issues extended the world. That’s the an application letter job vacancy first thing that goes against the Area 51 story from being a cover story.
Nobody forgot and nobody went back to issues extended, their daily lives. The second thing that goes against the cover story explanation is the unlikely possibility that what Lazar and his group saw in March 1989, or what Hayakawa and his group saw in February 1990 were good old American technology. Hayakawa came to the conclusion that they were our aircraft such as black triangles, UAVs, or other remote control vehicles. Essay Good Paragraph. However, the question must be asked in world issues essay 2011. Did the USA have black triangles or UAVs twenty-one years ago that could duplicate the flight characteristics of good a flying saucer? The argument that they did would be a tough sell. In addition to the lack of evidence that the USA had this very advanced technology back in 1990 the question arises as to whether there were even any advanced triangles and UAVs at Area 51 in 1990. Knapp came up with over essay two dozen witnesses that pointed to flying saucers being there. Opinio Essay. How many witnesses are there to world extended, prove that such things as advanced black triangles were being tested in 1990? Perhaps the rumored stories of star-trek like advanced aircraft such as black triangles and UAVs were just cover stories to essay good, cover for the flying saucers being tested at S-4.
There seems to be more witnesses for the saucers at Area 51. A prime example showing that it is world issues extended more likely that officials are using advanced aircraft to explain their inability to explain UFOs, than Top Secret planes being misidentified as UFOs can be seen in a UFO study put out by the CIA in 1997. 11. The UFO study of CIA files was ordered by James Woolsey, Clinton’s first CIA Director. Woolsey had a UFO sighting and therefore had a personal interest. There may also have been pressure from Clinton for the study as he was looking into UFOs.
The final report was written by NRO historian Gerald Haines who came up with the conclusion that a lot of UFOs were actually the U-2 and SR-71. “According to later estimates from CIA officials who worked on the U-2 project and the OXCART (SR-71, or Blackbird) project,” wrote Haines, “over half of an application letter for a all UFO reports from the late 1950s through the essay 1960s were accounted for crimes, by manned reconnaissance flights (namely the U-2) over world the United States.” By Haines own figures commercial planes at this time were flying 10,000 to 20,000 feet and letter job vacancy, the U-2 was at 60,000. The pilots according to Haines would see the object high up and assume it to be a UFO. This would mean a difference of 40,000 to world issues extended, 50,000 feet between the plane and letter for a job vacancy, the U-2. World Issues Extended Essay. (The U-2 would later fly at 70,000 and the SR-71 at problems uploading app 80,000 so the world issues essay numbers used above by Haines are the book instructions most conservative numbers possible.) Most people have seen commercial airlines fly overhead. World Issues Essay. They now fly at 35,000 to 40,000. Most people would agree that the human eye would not be able to see the airliner unless there was a contrail that gives it away. Even then the opinio essay object at the head of the extended essay contrail is no more than a speck in the sky. In the causes crimes essay CIA argument the minimum number of feet between the commercial plane and the U-2 or SR-71 would be 40,000. The maximum would be 70,000 feet for issues, an SR-71 at 80,000.
Given this information what are the letter job vacancy chances 50% of issues extended all UFO sightings were from pilots seeing objects at least 40,000 feet above their altitude, or from ground witnesses where the of hate crimes spy plane is 60,000 to 80,000 feet above the ground? The chances are zero and none. The CIA knew that scientists, the media, and conservative UFO researchers were so desperate for world issues essay, a natural explanation for UFOs that they would fall for the CIA conclusion that their spy planes were causing half of letter all UFO sightings. Given the facts presented in the 1997 CIA study, the rational conclusion of the facts is that the CIA was trying to explain away unexplained UFOs sighting in their files, and their role in the UFO mystery. They did this by issues extended, using spy planes as a cover for uploading common, UFOs, not the other way around. World. The CIA study also backs up the idea that cover stories are used after the fact to cover something that has become a public problem.
If a cover is used before it tends to jeopardize the secrecy of a program. The biggest drawback to the Lazar story being a cover story comes when we put the story in its proper historical perspective. Today Area 51 is a household word where almost everyone in the world knows what it is. However, prior to media coursework, May 1989, when Lazar was first shown in a KLAS-TV interview, 99.99999% of the essay world had no idea what Area 51 was. It was in the pre-Internet days where only a couple people in Las Vegas would have seen a story on it. Here is the historic situation prior to the May 1989 Lazar interview.
No one in the public, except John Lear and a couple hikers even knew there was even a base there. There were mountains hiding the base and it was in uploading common app the middle of an inhospitable desert where few people dared to world essay, travel. Essay Good Write. From 1955 till 1989 officials had been able to world issues essay, test various Top Secret planes in complete secrecy. In 1985 they grabbed 49,000 more acres of causes of hate land to keep out hikers, installed heavy security around the base complete with cameras, ground motion detectors, and signs with threat to issues extended essay, kill messages to anyone who chose to get closer. It doesn’t get much more quiet, secure and secret than that. Like all other Top Secret military facilities in the United States, and around the world, those at Area 51 quietly went about their Top Secret work for the national security of the country. The cover story explanation expects the researcher to believe that one day in late 1988, the officials running the base decided to all take off their clothes, run onto the Las Vegas strip with their hair on fire, waving their hands, and yelling “Area 51 Area 51 Area 51”. Why would anyone call attention to an application for a, the base when it was totally unknown to the public, and completely secure?
Why is this (and possibly Kirkland AFB with the Bennewitz story) the only places where officials decided to put all their secrecy and security at stake by calling attention to what was going on at the base? Was all this to deceive a small number of researchers with no public influence? The basis of all military secrecy is to keep quiet and out of the mind of the world issues extended enemy. Aqa As Media Coursework. Yelling Area 51 while running around naked with your hair on fire tends to go against that basic rule. One idea that was put forward to back the cover story idea is that the flying saucer story at Area 51 is one that would attract Russian spies who would get caught outside the base.
Would officials really draw attention to everything going on world issues extended essay at this massive Top Secret base to catch a spy? Strangely, the “Russians spy” story had actually been presented by base security to causes of hate crimes, Lazar to get him to feel patriotic and aware of the world ever present enemy. In a story much more creatively written than the one that was hinted to essay write, Bill Moore about Kirkland AFB, Lazar was told that the Russians had actually been partners at S-4 working to back-engineer the saucers. There had been a breakthrough by the American side at which point they threw the Russians off the base. Now they roamed the streets of Las Vegas trying to bribe S-4 workers for information.
When an S-4 worker did not show up for world issues extended essay, a couple days, Lazar was told they feared the Russians had him. Lazar’s security boss Dennis Mariani took Lazar down to the local police detachment and had him registered to problems common app, carry a gun. There were Russians and issues extended essay, saucers both at Kirkland, Dulce, and Area 51. There was a chance of a Russian spy being gunned down in downtown Las Vegas. The only thing missing was the weapons of mass destruction. It was just like a James Bond movie.
What would the military mind do without an enemy? In 1989 the Russians were the flavor of the year. How would the opinio essay Russians spies get back on world essay the base? Would they phone up Knapp or Lazar and an application job vacancy, get instructions? How would base security know who the spies were among the hundreds of people who showed up outside the world extended essay base every night after the story broke? Another problem would be that the opinio essay perimeter base security had no authority to arrest anyone and the Russians would be watching from public land.
Would the Russians risk an agent when all they would have to do is reprogram their satellite to photograph the base? Would the Groom Lake officials run a cover story when they knew that it would simply cause the Russians to world issues, reprogram their satellites? The Russian reaction, according to Knapp who was in Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union, was that they did use their satellites to take a look. They changed their satellite to check the base everyday instead of once or twice a month. In one meeting Knapp had a General handed him a photo of S-4 that was taken in book diorama instructions 1988. Would the Area 51 officials employ an unneeded cover story knowing that they would expose everything happening at Area 51 to increased scrutiny from world essay enemies of the United States?
The logical course of action would be to do what all Top Secret bases do – not attract attention to the fact you are there and only use a cover story to cover things that get exposed. An example of the instructions risk of not just shutting up comes from an incident where President Jimmy Carter leaked to the press the world issues extended essay fact that the USA had Stealth technology. It caused anger at of hate crimes Skunkworks because how they knew the Russian satellites would be trained on the production facilities watching who came and went and world issues extended, what went in and out of the book report diorama instructions buildings. In a similar way Carter outed the world remote viewing program when he publicly told a story of a “psychic” who had located a downed plane (a Russian TU-22 supersonic bomber being used as a spy plane) in Africa that American intelligence officials were unable to find after an extensive search. Dr. Russell Targ, one of the directors of the good write program, wrote that the unwanted commendation exposed the Top Secret program and extended, the only thing they could do to minimize the damage was change the instructions code-name for the program. Secrecy is the rule. The cover story explanation is extended essay shaky at book report best. The Lazar story, if true, seems to world issues extended, present one of three options. Officials brought Lazar in to work on the flying saucers not knowing that he would spill the beans, or it was a story they wanted out bad enough that they were willing to have every spy agency in the world to now pay close attention to what was going on at Area 51. The third most probable explanation is that they wanted the saucer story out but they misread what would happen.
They thought the media would run its usual three day coverage, and the flying saucer story would get into aqa as media coursework the UFO world. Lastly, the public and the spies would lose interest after all the issues essay inconsistencies in Lazar’s story became public. What they didn’t count on letter for a was George Knapp. Lear was the planned target. He would widely publicize the story the plan was that it would not get any serious attention. Lear, however, simply handed the story off to Knapp who carried out a six month investigation. World Extended Essay. During this investigation he would uncover enough witnesses validating the causes of hate essay Lazar claim to justify staying with the story.
Reporters usually can’t do this because they have to get to the next story. News is world issues a business, and new stories are the life blood of what sells. Knapp did something that was totally unexpected. Instead of an application letter for a a short segment ridiculing the UFO story, as all other reporters had done, he ran the Lazar claims to ground and went public with what he had discovered. This tenacity by Knapp, along with a public interest in UFOs, caused the story to go viral, or as Knapp described it “like a tsunami travelling around the world.” This is what officials had not expected. Every major news outlet in the world took time to travel to Area 51 or at least to world issues extended essay, do a story. The story continued to grow.
All the Area 51 officials could do is opinio essay continue to deny the issues essay base’s existence, use presidential decrees to keep themselves out of jail, and take over another 5,900 acres to stop the busloads of uploading essays common app people who were now up in the hills (called by Newsweek the issues Groom Lake bleachers) from looking down every night at causes of hate the base and hoping to see a flying saucer. The base took a call from John Podesta, the President’s Chief of Staff, asking if they had saucers at the base. President Clinton said so many people in his administration believed there was a saucer and an alien at Area 51 that he sent someone to the base to check it out. There was a congressional representative who did an investigation on the rumors. He indicated to world issues, Knapp the cover-up at letter for a job vacancy the base was going on because those in world extended charge were afraid they would end up in jail if exposed. All of this for a cover story when the base was secure, quiet and unknown before Lazar? It doesn’t seem highly likely looking back. Once the media storm had quieted down, and once Area 51 officials were able to close down all the places where people could watch the aqa as base activities, the officials did exactly what they should have done before they brought Lazar on the base. They secured the base, said nothing, and went about their business.
It is exactly what every other Top Secret military base does, and why using a “we’ve got a flying saucer” cover story doesn’t make much sense. The theory that the Lazar/S-4 story not created as a cover story, does not negate the fact that American intelligence would have watched the Russian (Soviet Union) reaction to the Lazar/S-4 story, and would have exploited it after the fact if they could. American intelligence would be watching Russian reaction to all things being done in America, the release of the world extended final Blue Book study, or the release of the Federal Budget, or the appointment of aqa as media a foreign ambassador. The study of these various Russian reactions, and the secret government behind the reactions, became known as Kremlinology. 1 George Knapp interview of issues extended John Lear and Gene Huff, Coast to Coast AM Radio, March 22, 2009.
5 Greg Bishop, “ Project Beta : The story of Paul Bennewitz, National Security, and book report instructions, the Creation of the Modern UFO Myth?” Paraview Pocket Books New York, 2005, Page 64. 6 Gary Bekkum interview with radio talk show host Angelia Joiner, The Joiner Report, August 6, 2010. 7 Mark Pilkington, “Mirage Men: An Adventure into essay Paranoia, Espionage, Psychological Warfare, and UFOs” page 280-282.
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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Albans) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science. Early in world issues extended, his career he claimed “all knowledge as his province” and afterwards dedicated himself to a wholesale revaluation and re-structuring of traditional learning. To take the place of the established tradition (a miscellany of Scholasticism, humanism, and natural magic), he proposed an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles and job vacancy, the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men” and world issues extended, the relief of the human condition. At the same time that he was founding and promoting this new project for the advancement of learning, Bacon was also moving up the ladder of state service.
His career aspirations had been largely disappointed under Elizabeth I, but with the ascension of James his political fortunes rose. Knighted in essay good write, 1603, he was then steadily promoted to a series of offices, including Solicitor General (1607), Attorney General (1613), and eventually Lord Chancellor (1618). While serving as Chancellor, he was indicted on charges of essay bribery and forced to leave public office. He then retired to his estate where he devoted himself full time to his continuing literary, scientific, and philosophical work. He died in 1626, leaving behind a cultural legacy that, for report diorama instructions, better or worse, includes most of the issues extended, foundation for the triumph of technology and for the modern world as we currently know it. Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam, the Viscount St. Albans, and Lord Chancellor of England) was born in London in problems, 1561 to a prominent and well-connected family.
His parents were Sir Nicholas Bacon, the Lord Keeper of the extended, Seal, and Lady Anne Cooke, daughter of aqa as coursework Sir Anthony Cooke, a knight and one-time tutor to the royal family. Lady Anne was a learned woman in her own right, having acquired Greek and Latin as well as Italian and French. She was a sister-in-law both to Sir Thomas Hoby, the issues extended essay, esteemed English translator of Castiglione, and to Sir William Cecil (later Lord Burghley), Lord Treasurer, chief counselor to Elizabeth I, and opinio essay, from 1572-1598 the most powerful man in England. Bacon was educated at home at the family estate at world extended essay Gorhambury in Herfordshire. Opinio Essay! In 1573, at the age of just twelve, he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, where the stodgy Scholastic curriculum triggered his lifelong opposition to Aristotelianism (though not to the works of Aristotle himself). In 1576 Bacon began reading law at Gray’s Inn. Yet only a year later he interrupted his studies in order to take a position in the diplomatic service in France as an assistant to the ambassador. In 1579, while he was still in world issues extended, France, his father died, leaving him (as the second son of a second marriage and for a, the youngest of six heirs) virtually without support. With no position, no land, no income, and extended essay, no immediate prospects, he returned to England and resumed the study of law. Bacon completed his law degree in 1582, and in opinio essay, 1588 he was named lecturer in legal studies at Gray’s Inn.
In the meantime, he was elected to Parliament in extended essay, 1584 as a member for an application letter, Melcombe in Dorsetshire. World Extended! He would remain in Parliament as a representative for various constituencies for the next 36 years. In 1593 his blunt criticism of a new tax levy resulted in an unfortunate setback to his career expectations, the Queen taking personal offense at his opposition. Any hopes he had of an application for a becoming Attorney General or Solicitor General during her reign were dashed, though Elizabeth eventually relented to the extent of issues extended essay appointing Bacon her Extraordinary Counsel in 1596. It was around this time that Bacon entered the service of Robert Devereux, the aqa as media, Earl of Essex, a dashing courtier, soldier, plotter of intrigue, and sometime favorite of the Queen. No doubt Bacon viewed Essex as a rising star and a figure who could provide a much-needed boost to his own sagging career. Unfortunately, it was not long before Essex’s own fortunes plummeted following a series of military and political blunders culminating in a disastrous coup attempt.
When the coup plot failed, Devereux was arrested, tried, and eventually executed, with Bacon, in his capacity as Queen’s Counsel, playing a vital role in the prosecution of the case. In 1603, James I succeeded Elizabeth, and Bacon’s prospects for world issues, advancement dramatically improved. An Application For A Job Vacancy! After being knighted by the king, he swiftly ascended the ladder of state and from 1604-1618 filled a succession of high-profile advisory positions: 1604 – Appointed King’s Counsel. World! 1607 – Named Solicitor General. Aqa As Coursework! 1608 – Appointed Clerk of the Star Chamber. World Essay! 1613 – Appointed Attorney General. 1616 – Made a member of the essay write, Privy Council. 1617 – Appointed Lord Keeper of the Royal Seal (his father’s former office). 1618 – Made Lord Chancellor. As Lord Chancellor, Bacon wielded a degree of power and influence that he could only have imagined as a young lawyer seeking preferment.
Yet it was at this point, while he stood at the very pinnacle of success, that he suffered his great Fall. In 1621 he was arrested and charged with bribery. After pleading guilty, he was heavily fined and sentenced to world extended essay, a prison term in the Tower of London. Although the fine was later waived and Bacon spent only four days in the Tower, he was never allowed to problems common app, sit in world essay, Parliament or hold political office again. The entire episode was a terrible disgrace for Bacon personally and a stigma that would cling to problems uploading common app, and injure his reputation for years to come. As various chroniclers of the case have pointed out, the accepting of gifts from suppliants in a law suit was a common practice in Bacon’s day, and it is also true that Bacon ended up judging against the two petitioners who had offered the world extended essay, fateful bribes. Yet the damage was done, and Bacon to his credit accepted the judgment against him without excuse. According to aqa as media, his own Essayes, or Counsels , he should have known and world essay, done better. Good Paragraph Write! (In this respect it is worth noting that during his forced retirement, Bacon revised and republished the Essayes , injecting an even greater degree of shrewdness into a collection already notable for its worldliness and keen political sense.) Macaulay in world essay, a lengthy essay declared Bacon a great intellect but (borrowing a phrase from Bacon’s own letters) a “most dishonest man,” and more than one writer has characterized him as cold, calculating, and arrogant. Yet whatever his flaws, even his enemies conceded that during his trial he accepted his punishment nobly, and moved on.
Bacon spent his remaining years working with renewed determination on his lifelong project: the reform of book report instructions learning and the establishment of an intellectual community dedicated to the discovery of scientific knowledge for the “use and benefit of men.” The former Lord Chancellor died on issues extended essay 9 April, 1626, supposedly of a cold or pneumonia contracted while testing his theory of the preservative and insulating properties of snow. In a way Bacon’s descent from political power was a fortunate fall, for it represented a liberation from the essay write, bondage of world issues extended essay public life resulting in a remarkable final burst of literary and scientific activity. As Renaissance scholar and Bacon expert Brian Vickers has reminded us, Bacon’s earlier works, impressive as they are, were essentially products of his “spare time.” It was only during his last five years that he was able to concentrate exclusively on writing and produce, in addition to a handful of minor pieces: Two substantial volumes of history and biography, The History of the Reign of King Henry the Seventh and The History of the uploading essays common app, Reign of King Henry the Eighth. World Issues Extended! De Augmentis Scientiarum (an expanded Latin version of his earlier Advancement of Learning). The final 1625 edition of diorama instructions his Essayes, or Counsels. Issues! The remarkable Sylva Sylvarum, or A Natural History in Ten Centuries (a curious hodge-podge of aqa as media coursework scientific experiments, personal observations, speculations, ancient teachings, and analytical discussions on topics ranging from the causes of world issues extended hiccups to explanations for the shortage of rain in Egypt).
Artificially divided into ten “centuries” (that is, ten chapters, each consisting of aqa as media coursework one hundred items), the work was apparently intended to be included in Part Three of the Magna Instauratio. His utopian science-fiction novel The New Atlantis, which was published in extended essay, unfinished form a year after his death. Various parts of his unfinished magnum opus Magna Instauratio (or Great Instauration), including a “Natural History of Winds” and a “Natural History of Life and coursework, Death.” These late productions represented the capstone of a writing career that spanned more than four decades and encompassed virtually an entire curriculum of literary, scientific, and philosophical studies. Despite the world issues extended, fanatical claims (and very un-Baconian credulity) of a few admirers, it is a virtual certainty that Bacon did not write the works traditionally attributed to of hate essay, William Shakespeare. Even so, the Lord Chancellor’s high place in the history of English literature as well as his influential role in issues extended, the development of essay write English prose style remain well-established and secure. Indeed even if Bacon had produced nothing else but his masterful Essayes (first published in 1597 and essay, then revised and expanded in 1612 and opinio essay, 1625), he would still rate among the top echelon of 17th-century English authors.
And so when we take into account his other writings, e.g., his histories, letters, and especially his major philosophical and scientific works, we must surely place him in the first rank of English literature’s great men of letters and among its finest masters (alongside names like Johnson, Mill, Carlyle, and Ruskin) of non-fiction prose. Bacon’s style, though elegant, is by extended essay no means as simple as it seems or as it is often described. Good Paragraph Write! In fact it is actually a fairly complex affair that achieves its air of ease and clarity more through its balanced cadences, natural metaphors, and carefully arranged symmetries than through the use of plain words, commonplace ideas, and straightforward syntax. (In this connection it is noteworthy that in the revised versions of the essays Bacon seems to have deliberately disrupted many of his earlier balanced effects to produce a style that is actually more jagged and, in issues extended essay, effect, more challenging to the casual reader.) Furthermore, just as Bacon’s personal style and of hate, living habits were prone to extravagance and never particularly austere, so in his writing he was never quite able to resist the occasional grand word, magniloquent phrase, or orotund effect. (As Dr. Johnson observed, “A dictionary of the English language might be compiled from Bacon’s works alone.”) Bishop Sprat in essay, his 1667 History of the Royal Society honored Bacon and praised the an application letter job vacancy, society membership for supposedly eschewing fine words and issues extended, fancy metaphors and adhering instead to a natural lucidity and “mathematical plainness.” To write in such a way, Sprat suggested, was to follow true, scientific, Baconian principles. And while Bacon himself often expressed similar sentiments (praising blunt expression while condemning the seductions of figurative language), a reader would be hard pressed to find many examples of such spare technique in Bacon’s own writings.
Of Bacon’s contemporary readers, at least one took exception to the view that his writing represented a perfect model of plain language and problems essays app, transparent meaning. After perusing the New Organon , King James (to whom Bacon had proudly dedicated the volume) reportedly pronounced the world extended, work “like the peace of God, which passeth all understanding.” As a work of narrative fiction, Bacon’s novel New Atlantis may be classified as a literary rather than a scientific (or philosophical) work, though it effectively belongs to both categories. According to Bacon’s amanuensis and first biographer William Rawley, the novel represents the first part (showing the design of a great college or institute devoted to the interpretation of opinio essay nature) of world issues extended essay what was to have been a longer and more detailed project (depicting the entire legal structure and essay paragraph write, political organization of an ideal commonwealth). The work thus stands in issues extended, the great tradition of the an application letter job vacancy, utopian-philosophical novel that stretches from Plato and world issues essay, More to Huxley and Skinner. The thin plot or fable is little more than a fictional shell to contain the causes essay, real meat of Bacon’s story: the elaborate description of Salomon’s House (also known as the College of the Six Days Works), a centrally organized research facility where specially trained teams of investigators collect data, conduct experiments, and (most importantly from Bacon’s point of view) apply the knowledge they gain to produce “things of world extended essay use and practice for man’s life.” These new arts and inventions they eventually share with the opinio essay, outside world. In terms of its sci-fi adventure elements, the New Atlantis is world essay about as exciting as a government or university re-organization plan. But in terms of causes crimes essay its historical impact, the novel has proven to be nothing less than revolutionary, having served not only extended as an effective inspiration and model for the British Royal Society, but also as an opinio essay early blueprint and prophecy of the modern research center and international scientific community. c. Extended! Scientific and essay good write, Philosophical Works. It is never easy to summarize the thought of a prolific and wide-ranging philosopher. Yet Bacon somewhat simplifies the task by his own helpful habits of systematic classification and catchy mnemonic labeling. (Thus, for example, there are three “distempers” – or diseases – of world issues essay learning,” eleven errors or “peccant humours,” four “Idols,” three primary mental faculties and categories of knowledge, etc.) In effect, by following Bacon’s own methods it is possible to produce a convenient outline or overview of paragraph write his main scientific and philosophical ideas.
As early as 1592, in a famous letter to his uncle, Lord Burghley, Bacon declared “all knowledge” to be his province and vowed his personal commitment to a plan for the full-scale rehabilitation and reorganization of learning. In effect, he dedicated himself to a long-term project of intellectual reform, and the balance of his career can be viewed as a continuing effort to make good on issues extended essay that pledge. In 1620, while he was still at the peak of report instructions his political success, he published the preliminary description and plan for an enormous work that would fully answer to world issues extended, his earlier declared ambitions. The work, dedicated to James, was to be called Magna Instauratio (that is, the “grand edifice” or Great Instauration ), and aqa as media coursework, it would represent a kind of summa or culmination of all Bacon’s thought on subjects ranging from extended, logic and epistemology to book diorama, practical science (or what in Bacon’s day was called “natural philosophy,” the word science being then but a general synonym for “wisdom” or “learning”). Like several of Bacon’s projects, the Instauratio in its contemplated form was never finished. World Issues! Of the intended six parts, only the first two were completed, while the other portions were only partly finished or barely begun. Consequently, the work as we have it is less like the vast but well-sculpted monument that Bacon envisioned than a kind of philosophical miscellany or grab-bag.
Part I of the good write, project, De Dignitate et Augmentis Scientiarum (“Nine Books of the Dignity and Advancement of Learning”), was published in 1623. It is basically an enlarged version of the earlier Proficience and Advancement of Learning , which Bacon had presented to James in 1605. Part II, the world, Novum Organum (or “New Organon”) provides the author’s detailed explanation and media coursework, demonstration of the correct procedure for interpreting nature. It first appeared in 1620. Together these two works present the essential elements of Bacon’s philosophy, including most of the essay, major ideas and principles that we have come to associate with the terms “Baconian” and “Baconianism.” Relatively early in his career Bacon judged that, owing mainly to an undue reverence for aqa as coursework, the past (as well as to an excessive absorption in cultural vanities and issues extended, frivolities), the intellectual life of of hate Europe had reached a kind of impasse or standstill. Yet he believed there was a way beyond this stagnation if persons of learning, armed with new methods and insights, would simply open their eyes and minds to the world around them. World Extended! This at any rate was the media coursework, basic argument of his seminal 1605 treatise The Proficience and Advancement of Learning , arguably the issues extended essay, first important philosophical work to be published in English. It is in this work that Bacon sketched out the letter for a job vacancy, main themes and ideas that he continued to refine and develop throughout his career, beginning with the notion that there are clear obstacles to or diseases of learning that must be avoided or purged before further progress is possible. “There be therefore chiefly three vanities in world essay, studies, whereby learning hath been most traduced.” Thus Bacon, in the first book of the Advancement . He goes on to refer to good write, these vanities as the three “distempers” of learning and identifies them (in his characteristically memorable fashion) as “fantastical learning,” “contentious learning,” and “delicate learning” (alternatively identified as “vain imaginations,” “vain altercations,” and “vain affectations”).
By fantastical learning (“vain imaginations”) Bacon had in extended essay, mind what we would today call pseudo-science: i.e., a collection of ideas that lack any real or substantial foundation, that are professed mainly by occultists and charlatans, that are carefully shielded from outside criticism, and aqa as coursework, that are offered largely to an audience of credulous true believers. In Bacon’s day such “imaginative science” was familiar in the form of astrology, natural magic, and alchemy. By contentious learning (“vain altercations”) Bacon was referring mainly to Aristotelian philosophy and theology and especially to the Scholastic tradition of logical hair-splitting and world extended, metaphysical quibbling. But the phrase applies to any intellectual endeavor in good, which the principal aim is not new knowledge or deeper understanding but endless debate cherished for its own sake. Delicate learning (“vain affectations”) was Bacon’s label for the new humanism insofar as (in his view) it seemed concerned not with the actual recovery of ancient texts or the retrieval of past knowledge but merely with the revival of Ciceronian rhetorical embellishments and the reproduction of issues classical prose style. Such preoccupation with “words more than matter,” with “choiceness of opinio essay phrase” and extended, the “sweet falling of clauses” – in short, with style over substance – seemed to Bacon (a careful stylist in his own right) the most seductive and decadent literary vice of his age. Here we may note that from Bacon’s point of view the “distempers” of learning share two main faults: Prodigal ingenuity – i.e., each distemper represents a lavish and regrettable waste of talent, as inventive minds that might be employed in more productive pursuits exhaust their energy on trivial or puerile enterprises instead. Sterile results – i.e., instead of contributing to the discovery of essay paragraph new knowledge (and thus to issues extended, a practical “advancement of learning” and eventually to a better life for all), the distempers of learning are essentially exercises in personal vainglory that aim at little more than idle theorizing or the preservation of older forms of knowledge.
In short, in Bacon’s view the for a, distempers impede genuine intellectual progress by beguiling talented thinkers into fruitless, illusory, or purely self-serving ventures. What is world issues needed – and this is a theme reiterated in all his later writings on learning and human progress – is a program to re-channel that same creative energy into socially useful new discoveries. Though it is hard to pinpoint the birth of an idea, for all intents and purposes the good, modern idea of essay technological “progress” (in the an application job vacancy, sense of a steady, cumulative, historical advance in applied scientific knowledge) began with Bacon’s The Advancement of Learning and became fully articulated in issues, his later works. Knowledge is aqa as coursework power, and when embodied in the form of new technical inventions and mechanical discoveries it is the force that drives history – this was Bacon’s key insight. In many respects this idea was his single greatest invention, and it is essay all the more remarkable for its having been conceived and opinio essay, promoted at a time when most English and European intellectuals were either reverencing the literary and philosophical achievements of the past or deploring the numerous signs of issues extended essay modern degradation and decline. Indeed, while Bacon was preaching progress and declaring a brave new dawn of scientific advance, many of his colleagues were persuaded that the world was at best creaking along towards a state of senile immobility and opinio essay, eventual darkness. “Our age is iron, and rusty too,” wrote John Donne, contemplating the signs of universal decay in a poem published six years after Bacon’s Advancement . That history might in fact be progressive , i.e., an onward and upward ascent – and extended essay, not, as Aristotle had taught, merely cyclical or, as cultural pessimists from Hesiod to Spengler have supposed, a descending or retrograde movement, became for Bacon an essay good article of world extended secular faith which he propounded with evangelical force and a sense of mission. In the Advancement , the idea is offered tentatively, as a kind of hopeful hypothesis. Write! But in later works such as the New Organon , it becomes almost a promised destiny: Enlightenment and a better world, Bacon insists, lie within our power; they require only the issues extended essay, cooperation of learned citizens and diorama, the active development of the arts and sciences.
h. The Reclassification of Knowledge. In Book II of De Dignitate (his expanded version of the Advancement ) Bacon outlines his scheme for a new division of world issues extended essay human knowledge into three primary categories: History, Poesy, and Philosophy (which he associates respectively with the three fundamental “faculties” of mind – memory, imagination, and reason). Although the exact motive behind this reclassification remains unclear, one of its main consequences seems unmistakable: it effectively promotes philosophy – and especially Baconian science – above the other two branches of problems essays knowledge, in world, essence defining history as the mere accumulation of brute facts, while reducing art and imaginative literature to causes of hate, the even more marginal status of issues “feigned history.” Evidently Bacon believed that in causes essay, order for a genuine advancement of learning to occur, the extended, prestige of essay paragraph write philosophy (and particularly natural philosophy) had to be elevated, while that of history and literature (in a word, humanism) needed to be reduced. Bacon’s scheme effectively accomplishes this by making history (the domain of issues extended essay fact, i.e., of book everything that has happened ) a virtual sub-species of philosophy (the domain of realistic possibility, i.e., of extended essay everything that can theoretically or actually occur ). Meanwhile, poesy (the domain of everything that is imaginable or conceivable ) is set off to the side as a mere illustrative vehicle. In essence, it becomes simply a means of recreating actual scenes or events from the past (as in history plays or heroic poetry) or of allegorizing or dramatizing new ideas or future possibilities (as in Bacon’s own interesting example of “parabolic poesy,” the New Atlantis .) To the second part of his Great Instauration Bacon gave the title New Organon (or “True Directions concerning the Interpretation of Nature”). The Greek word organon means “instrument” or “tool,” and Bacon clearly felt he was supplying a new instrument for guiding and correcting the mind in its quest for a true understanding of nature. Problems Uploading App! The title also glances at Aristotle’s Organon (a collection that includes his Categories and his Prior and Posterior Analytics ) and thus suggests a “new instrument” destined to transcend or replace the older, no longer serviceable one. (This notion of world issues surpassing ancient authority is aptly illustrated on the frontispiece of the 1620 volume containing the New Organon by a ship boldly sailing beyond the mythical pillars of book report instructions Hercules, which supposedly marked the end of the known world.)
The New Organon is presented not in the form of a treatise or methodical demonstration but as a series of aphorisms, a technique that Bacon came to favor as less legislative and dogmatic and more in the true spirit of scientific experiment and critical inquiry. Combined with his gift for illustrative metaphor and symbol, the aphoristic style makes the New Organon in many places the world extended essay, most readable and literary of all Bacon’s scientific and philosophical works. In Book I of the New Organon (Aphorisms 39-68), Bacon introduces his famous doctrine of the uploading common app, “idols.” These are characteristic errors, natural tendencies, or defects that beset the mind and prevent it from achieving a full and accurate understanding of nature. Bacon points out that recognizing and counteracting the idols is as important to the study of nature as the recognition and refutation of bad arguments is to logic. Incidentally, he uses the word “idol” – from the Greek eidolon (“image” or “phantom”) – not in issues, the sense of a false god or heathen deity but rather in the sense employed in Epicurean physics. Thus a Baconian idol is a potential deception or source of book diorama instructions misunderstanding, especially one that clouds or confuses our knowledge of external reality. Bacon identifies four different classes of idol.
Each arises from a different source, and each presents its own special hazards and difficulties. 1. The Idols of the Tribe. These are the issues extended essay, natural weaknesses and tendencies common to human nature. Because they are innate, they cannot be completely eliminated, but only recognized and compensated for. Some of Bacon’s examples are: Our senses – which are inherently dull and opinio essay, easily deceivable. (Which is why Bacon prescribes instruments and strict investigative methods to correct them.) Our tendency to discern (or even impose) more order in extended essay, phenomena than is actually there. As Bacon points out, we are apt to find similitude where there is actually singularity, regularity where there is actually randomness, etc. Our tendency towards “wishful thinking.” According to Bacon, we have a natural inclination to causes essay, accept, believe, and even prove what we would prefer to be true. Our tendency to rush to conclusions and make premature judgments (instead of gradually and painstakingly accumulating evidence).
2. The Idols of the Cave. Unlike the issues extended, idols of the tribe, which are common to all human beings, those of the cave vary from individual to individual. Causes Of Hate Essay! They arise, that is to say, not from nature but from culture and thus reflect the peculiar distortions, prejudices, and beliefs that we are all subject to owing to our different family backgrounds, childhood experiences, education, training, gender, religion, social class, etc. Examples include: Special allegiance to a particular discipline or theory. High esteem for a few select authorities.
A “cookie-cutter” mentality – that is, a tendency to reduce or confine phenomena within the terms of our own narrow training or discipline. 3. The Idols of the Market Place. These are hindrances to clear thinking that arise, Bacon says, from the “intercourse and association of world issues extended essay men with each other.” The main culprit here is language, though not just common speech, but also (and perhaps particularly) the special discourses, vocabularies, and jargons of various academic communities and disciplines. He points out that “the idols imposed by words on the understanding are of two kinds”: “they are either names of things that do not exist” (e.g., the opinio essay, crystalline spheres of world Aristotelian cosmology) or faulty, vague, or misleading names for things that do exist (according to Bacon, abstract qualities and value terms – e.g., “moist,” “useful,” etc. – can be a particular source of opinio essay confusion). 4. The Idols of the Theatre. Like the idols of the cave, those of the issues, theatre are culturally acquired rather than innate. And although the metaphor of a theatre suggests an artificial imitation of crimes essay truth, as in drama or fiction, Bacon makes it clear that these idols derive mainly from grand schemes or systems of philosophy – and especially from three particular types of world extended philosophy: Sophistical Philosophy – that is, philosophical systems based only on a few casually observed instances (or on diorama no experimental evidence at all) and thus constructed mainly out of abstract argument and speculation. Bacon cites Scholasticism as a conspicuous example. World Issues Essay! Empirical Philosophy – that is, a philosophical system ultimately based on a single key insight (or on a very narrow base of research), which is then erected into a model or paradigm to coursework, explain phenomena of essay all kinds.
Bacon cites the example of William Gilbert, whose experiments with the lodestone persuaded him that magnetism operated as the media coursework, hidden force behind virtually all earthly phenomena. Superstitious Philosophy – this is Bacon’s phrase for world issues extended essay, any system of thought that mixes theology and philosophy. He cites Pythagoras and Plato as guilty of this practice, but also points his finger at book pious contemporary efforts, similar to those of Creationists today, to found systems of natural philosophy on Genesis or the book of Job. At the beginning of the Magna Instauratio and in Book II of the New Organon , Bacon introduces his system of “true and perfect Induction,” which he proposes as the essential foundation of scientific method and a necessary tool for the proper interpretation of nature. (This system was to have been more fully explained and demonstrated in Part IV of the Instauratio in issues extended essay, a section titled “The Ladder of the good paragraph, Intellect,” but unfortunately the work never got beyond an world issues extended introduction.) According to for a, Bacon, his system differs not only from the deductive logic and mania for syllogisms of the Schoolmen, but also from the classic induction of Aristotle and other logicians. As Bacon explains it, classic induction proceeds “at once from . . Essay! . sense and particulars up to the most general propositions” and then works backward (via deduction) to arrive at intermediate propositions. Thus, for example, from a few observations one might conclude (via induction) that “all new cars are shiny.” One would then be entitled to proceed backward from crimes essay, this general axiom to deduce such middle-level axioms as “all new Lexuses are shiny,” “all new Jeeps are shiny,” etc. – axioms that presumably would not need to be verified empirically since their truth would be logically guaranteed as long as the issues extended, original generalization (“all new cars are shiny”) is true. As Bacon rightly points out, one problem with this procedure is that if the general axioms prove false, all the intermediate axioms may be false as well. All it takes is one contradictory instance (in this case one new car with a dull finish) and “the whole edifice tumbles.” For this reason Bacon prescribes a different path. His method is to proceed “regularly and an application job vacancy, gradually from one axiom to another, so that the most general are not reached till the last.” In other words, each axiom – i.e., each step up “the ladder of world issues extended essay intellect” – is thoroughly tested by observation and experimentation before the next step is taken.
In effect, each confirmed axiom becomes a foothold to a higher truth, with the most general axioms representing the last stage of the process. Thus, in the example described, the Baconian investigator would be obliged to examine a full inventory of new Chevrolets, Lexuses, Jeeps, etc., before reaching any conclusions about new cars in general. Problems Essays Common! And while Bacon admits that such a method can be laborious, he argues that it eventually produces a stable edifice of knowledge instead of world extended essay a rickety structure that collapses with the appearance of a single disconfirming instance. Diorama! (Indeed, according to Bacon, when one follows his inductive procedure, a negative instance actually becomes something to be welcomed rather than feared. For instead of threatening an entire assembly, the discovery of a false generalization actually saves the investigator the world extended, trouble of having to proceed further in a particular direction or line of problems uploading essays inquiry. Meanwhile the structure of world issues extended essay truth that he has already built remains intact.) Is Bacon’s system, then, a sound and aqa as coursework, reliable procedure, a strong ladder leading from issues extended essay, carefully observed particulars to true and “inevitable” conclusions? Although he himself firmly believed in the utility and overall superiority of his method, many of his commentators and critics have had doubts. For one thing, it is not clear that the Baconian procedure, taken by itself, leads conclusively to instructions, any general propositions, much less to scientific principles or theoretical statements that we can accept as universally true.
For at what point is the world, Baconian investigator willing to make the leap from observed particulars to essay, abstract generalizations? After a dozen instances? A thousand? The fact is, Bacon’s method provides nothing to world issues extended essay, guide the investigator in this determination other than sheer instinct or professional judgment, and thus the tendency is for the investigation of causes of hate particulars – the steady observation and collection of data – to go on issues essay continuously, and in opinio essay, effect endlessly. One can thus easily imagine a scenario in issues extended, which the piling up of instances becomes not just the aqa as media coursework, initial stage in a process, but the very essence of the process itself; in effect, a zealous foraging after facts (in the essay, New Organon Bacon famously compares the ideal Baconian researcher to a busy bee) becomes not only a means to knowledge, but an activity vigorously pursued for its own sake. Every scientist and academic person knows how tempting it is to put off the hard work of imaginative thinking in order to continue doing some form of rote research.
Every investigator knows how easy it is to become wrapped up in causes, data – with the unhappy result that one’s intended ascent up the Baconian ladder gets stuck in mundane matters of fact and extended, never quite gets off the ground. It was no doubt considerations like these that prompted the English physician (and neo-Aristotelian) William Harvey, of circulation-of-the-blood fame, to quip that Bacon wrote of natural philosophy “like a Lord Chancellor” – indeed like a politician or legislator rather than a practitioner. The assessment is just to the extent that Bacon in aqa as, the New Organon does indeed prescribe a new and extremely rigid procedure for the investigation of nature rather than describe the more or less instinctive and improvisational – and by no means exclusively empirical – method that Kepler, Galileo, Harvey himself, and other working scientists were actually employing. In fact, other than Tycho Brahe, the world, Danish astronomer who, overseeing a team of assistants, faithfully observed and then painstakingly recorded entire volumes of astronomical data in tidy, systematically arranged tables, it is doubtful that there is another major figure in the history of science who can be legitimately termed an authentic, true-blooded Baconian. (Darwin, it is true, claimed that The Origin of Species was based on “Baconian principles.” However, it is one thing to opinio essay, collect instances in order to compare species and show a relationship among them; it is quite another to world extended, theorize a mechanism, namely evolution by mutation and natural selection, that elegantly and powerfully explains their entire history and variety.) Science, that is to say, does not, and has probably never advanced according to the strict, gradual, ever-plodding method of Baconian observation and induction. It proceeds instead by an application letter unpredictable – and often intuitive and even (though Bacon would cringe at extended essay the word) imaginative – leaps and bounds.
Kepler used Tycho’s scrupulously gathered data to support his own heart-felt and even occult belief that the movements of opinio essay celestial bodies are regular and world, symmetrical, composing a true harmony of the spheres. Galileo tossed unequal weights from the Leaning Tower as a mere public demonstration of the fact (contrary to Aristotle) that they would fall at the same rate. He had long before satisfied himself that this would happen via the very un-Bacon-like method of mathematical reasoning and instructions, deductive thought-experiment. Harvey, by a similar process of quantitative analysis and deductive logic, knew that the blood must circulate, and it was only to provide proof of world essay this fact that he set himself the secondary task of amassing empirical evidence and establishing the actual method by which it did so. One could enumerate – in true Baconian fashion – a host of further instances. Causes Of Hate Crimes! But the point is already made: advances in scientific knowledge have not been achieved for the most part via Baconian induction (which amounts to a kind of issues systematic and exhaustive survey of nature supposedly leading to ultimate insights) but rather by shrewd hints and guesses – in a word by hypotheses – that are then either corroborated or (in Karl Popper’s important term) falsified by subsequent research.
In summary, then, it can be said that Bacon underestimated the role of imagination and hypothesis (and overestimated the value of minute observation and bee-like data collection) in the production of new scientific knowledge. And in this respect it is true that he wrote of science like a Lord Chancellor, regally proclaiming the benefits of his own new and supposedly foolproof technique instead of coursework recognizing and adapting procedures that had already been tested and approved. On the other hand, it must be added that Bacon did not present himself (or his method) as the final authority on the investigation of nature or, for that matter, on issues extended any other topic or issue relating to the advance of an application letter knowledge. Issues Extended Essay! By his own admission, he was but the Buccinator , or “trumpeter,” of such a revolutionary advance – not the paragraph, founder or builder of a vast new system, but only the herald or announcing messenger of a new world to come. If anyone deserves the title “universal genius” or “Renaissance man” (accolades traditionally reserved for those who make significant, original contributions to more than one professional discipline or area of learning), Bacon clearly merits the designation. Like Leonardo and world issues extended, Goethe, he produced important work in aqa as coursework, both the issues, arts and sciences. Like Cicero, Marcus Aurelius, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson, he combined wide and ample intellectual and literary interests (from practical rhetoric and the study of nature to moral philosophy and educational reform) with a substantial political career.
Like his near contemporary Machiavelli, he excelled in a variety of literary genres – from learned treatises to light entertainments – though, also like the great Florentine writer, he thought of himself mainly as a political statesman and practical visionary: a man whose primary goal was less to obtain literary laurels for himself than to mold the agendas and guide the policy decisions of powerful nobles and heads of book report diorama state. In our own era Bacon would be acclaimed as a “public intellectual,” though his personal record of service and authorship would certainly dwarf the achievements of most academic and political leaders today. Like nearly all public figures, he was controversial. World! His chaplain and first biographer William Rawley declared him “the glory of his age and media coursework, nation” and portrayed him as an angel of enlightenment and social vision. His admirers in issues extended essay, the Royal Society (an organization that traced its own inspiration and lineage to letter for a, the Lord Chancellor’s writings) viewed him as nothing less than the daring originator of a new intellectual era. The poet Abraham Cowley called him a “Moses” and portrayed him as an exalted leader who virtually all by himself had set learning on a bold, firm, and entirely new path: Bacon at last, a mighty Man, arose. Whom a wise King and Nature chose. Lord Chancellour of world issues extended both their Lawes. . . . The barren Wilderness he past, Did on the very Border stand. Of the great promis’d Land,
And from the Mountains Top of his Exalted Wit, Saw it himself and shew’d us it. . . . Similarly adulatory if more prosaic assessments were offered by an application for a learned contemporaries or near contemporaries from Descartes and Gassendi to Robert Hooke and Robert Boyle. Leibniz was particularly generous and world issues extended essay, observed that, compared to Bacon’s philosophical range and lofty vision, even a great genius like Descartes “creeps on the ground.” On the other hand, Spinoza, another close contemporary, dismissed Bacon’s work (especially his inductive theories) completely and in effect denied that the supposedly grand philosophical revolution decreed by Bacon, and welcomed by his partisans, had ever occurred. The response of the later Enlightenment was similarly divided, with a majority of thinkers lavishly praising Bacon while a dissenting minority castigated or even ridiculed him. The French encyclopedists Jean d’Alembert and Denis Diderot sounded the keynote of coursework this 18th-century re-assessment, essentially hailing Bacon as a founding father of the modern era and world extended, emblazoning his name on the front page of the Encyclopedia . In a similar gesture, Kant dedicated his Critique of Pure Reason to Bacon and job vacancy, likewise saluted him as an early architect of issues essay modernity. Book Report Diorama! Hegel, on the other hand, took a dimmer view. In his “Lectures on world issues extended the History of Philosophy” he congratulated Bacon on his worldly sophistication and shrewdness of mind, but ultimately judged him to be a person of depraved character and a mere “coiner of mottoes.” In his view, the opinio essay, Lord Chancellor was a decidedly low-minded (read typically English and utilitarian) philosopher whose instruction was fit mainly for “civil servants and shopkeepers.” Probably the fullest and most perceptive Enlightenment account of Bacon’s achievement and place in history was Voltaire’s laudatory essay in his Letters on the English . After referring to Bacon as the father of experimental philosophy, he went on to assess his literary merits, judging him to be an elegant, instructive, and witty writer, though too much given to “fustian.” Bacon’s reputation and legacy remain controversial even today.
While no historian of science or philosophy doubts his immense importance both as a proselytizer on behalf of the issues extended essay, empirical method and opinio essay, as an advocate of sweeping intellectual reform, opinion varies widely as to the actual social value and moral significance of the ideas that he represented and effectively bequeathed to us. The issue basically comes down to one’s estimate of or sympathy for the entire Enlightenment/Utilitarian project. Those who for the most part share Bacon’s view that nature exists mainly for essay, human use and benefit, and who furthermore endorse his opinion that scientific inquiry should aim first and foremost at the amelioration of the human condition and book report diorama, the “relief of man’s estate,” generally applaud him as a great social visionary. On the world extended, other hand, those who view nature as an entity in its own right, a higher-order estate of which the human community is media coursework only a part, tend to perceive him as a kind of extended essay arch-villain – the evil originator of the idea of science as the essay good write, instrument of extended global imperialism and technological conquest. On the opinio essay, one side, then, we have figures like the anthropologist and science writer Loren Eiseley, who portrays Bacon (whom he calls “the man who saw through time”) as a kind of Promethean culture hero. He praises Bacon as the great inventor of the idea of science as both a communal enterprise and a practical discipline in essay, the service of aqa as humanity.
On the other side, we have writers, from Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Lewis Mumford to, more recently, Jeremy Rifkin and eco-feminist Carolyn Merchant, who have represented him as one of the issues, main culprits behind what they perceive as western science’s continuing legacy of coursework alienation, exploitation, and ecological oppression. Clearly somewhere in world, between this ardent Baconolotry on the one hand and coursework, strident demonization of Bacon on the other lies the real Lord Chancellor: a Colossus with feet of clay. He was by no means a great system-builder (indeed his Magna Instauratio turned out to be less of a “grand edifice” than a magnificent heap) but rather, as he more modestly portrayed himself, a great spokesman for the reform of learning and a champion of modern science. In the end we can say that he was one of the giant figures of intellectual history – and issues extended, as brilliant, and flawed, a philosopher as he was a statesman. Note: The standard edition of Bacon’s Works and Letters and Life is still that of James Spedding, et. al., (14 volumes, London, 1857- 1874), also available in opinio essay, a facsimile reprint (Stuttgart, 1989).
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Total MSRP includes $875 destination charge (Alaska $920) and additional costs for selected packages, options or accessories. Excludes tax, title and license fees. Vehicle shown may not display selected options. Actual dealer price will vary. MSRP excludes tax, title, license fees and destination charge of $875 (Alaska $920). Model shown may be priced higher. Actual dealer price will vary.
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Smart Brake Support operates under certain conditions above 10 mph. It is not a substitute for safe and attentive driving. Opinio Essay? Factors including movement and shape of the object in front of the vehicle, weather and world, road conditions can all impact automatic brake control and collision warning. Traffic Sign Recognition System is not a substitute for safe and an application letter for a job vacancy, attentive driving. Factors including weather and condition of the traffic sign can impact recognition and display of the sign. Always check traffic signs visually while driving. Please see your Owner’s Manual for further details. EPA-estimated mileage. Actual results will vary. Select “Read More +” for more complete information. MSRP excludes tax, title, license fees and destination charge of $875 (Alaska $920).
Model shown priced higher. Actual dealer price will vary. MSRP excludes tax, title, license fees and world issues, $940 destination charge (Alaska $985). Model shown priced higher. Of Hate? Actual dealer price will vary. NOTE: Because of the numerous possible combinations of vehicle trims, styles, colors and options, the vehicle pictures on this site may not match your vehicle exactly; however, it will match as closely as possible. Vehicle images shown on issues extended this site are samples only and may not reflect your exact choice of problems essays, vehicle, color and trim.
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Our Resume Builder has hundreds of career-specific phrases that you can easily and extended essay quickly add to your own resume. Book! Bayle Industries, Hutchins Creek, MD. July 2010 – present. Prioritized and managed multiple administrative projects while managing day-to- day tasks such as receiving and distributing mail, maintaining conference rooms, managing calendars, and maintaining office supplies. Increased conference room scheduling efficiency by 25% by issues extended implementing new company-wide online booking system.
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Performed reconnaissance operations in crimes essay compromised regions to develop combat training programs. Performed as a fire team member during situational training exercises and all infantry dismounted battle drills. Communicated urgent orders and directions effectively to team of 200+ military personnel. World Issues Extended Essay! Your educational background can be an important part of book diorama your resume and extended should communicate your background quickly and of hate simply to potential employers. Even if you don’t have previous experience in a particular job, you may increase your chances of being considered for the position if you can show that you have taken courses that are relevant to the position at hand. World Extended Essay! Here are some tips to help make your education section work for you: List the highest level of an application letter for a education first. This will help catch the hiring manager’s eye and ensure that he or she is able to determine your education level quickly.
If you are recent graduate without a ton of work experience, then you can place your education section at the top of your resume for emphasis. Include your educational information in this order: Degree or diploma name is listed first. Major(s) follow the degree. If you have minors, these are optional to list but it’s recommended to list them if they are relevant to the job you are applying for. List the date you received the degree or diploma by world issues extended year (for example, 2003). If you are soon-to-be grad, you can list your expected graduation date. Employment periods for each job, written as Month/Date – Month/Date Do not include your GPA on report diorama your resume unless you are a recent graduate. If you don’t have a degree, never fear!
If you have an associate’s degree, you can list it in the same way as above. It is also perfectly acceptable to list any college experience you do have, even if you didn’t graduate. Essay! In the absence of a college degree, it’s extremely important to list any professional training or certificates you have received especially if they are relevant to book diorama instructions the job you are applying for. World Issues Extended Essay! Then, make sure to emphasize your work experience section as much as possible to show employers that you are qualified for the position, whether or not you have a degree. Need help writing an education section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder can help you quickly and effectively outline your classroom achievements. Media! More Articles about How to Write Your First Resume. 3 Critical Mistakes to Avoid on Your First Ever Resume. Tips On Creating A Resume For A New Career.
How to world issues essay Write a Resume When You Have No Work Experience. Get Hired In 30 Seconds: Resume Summary Tips. Get Your Resume In Front of the Right People: Four Tips. Create a Resume That Stops Traffic. How to of hate crimes Write a Resume that Lands More Job Offers. World! Resume Tips for Job Search Newbies.
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Extended Essay and World Studies …
[Download] Essay 2013 Question Paper of UPSC Civil Service Mains. Write an essay on any one of the following topics, in not more than 2500 words. (250 marks) Be the change you want to issues extended, see in media coursework others (Gandhi) Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success? GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for essay, judging the wellbeing of a country Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation. Courtesy: Mr.Abhi Kapoor. @Mains-Players : which essay did you write and of hate crimes essay what points did you include in it? (Reply after Mains is over.) @Non-Mains 2013 players : Which essay would you write and what points will you include in world issues it? (You may post comment right now!) Want to see Hindi version of Essay Titles? Click on following. click me to enlarge. No, despite wide speculations due to frequent news of crime against women. Similarly, nothing on Criminalization of politics, Indo-China, Indo-Pak, elections, Mangalyaan, Chess, Bharat Ratna etc.
However, to causes, drag the extended, speculation non-seriously: During Bhutan elections (July 2013), most newspapers mentioned about its “ Gross National Happiness (GNH) ”. So examiner must have got inspiration from there to ask essay on GDP vs GDH. Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified ? Science and Mysticism: Are they compatible ? Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal ? To download all the Essay papers- from 1993 upto the latest 2014 exam, click me. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books Environment by ShankarIAS Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English) Art Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English) Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English) Bipin Chandra: Post Independence Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning 23 Years Topicwise Paperset Hindi or English School Atlas Mains: Language papers Samnya Hindi by Unique Publication Compulsory English by AP Bhardwaj (TMH) (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books Lucent’s General Knowledge (Hindi | English) Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma Arihant's Verbal Non Verbal Reasoning SP Bakshi’s Objective General English Wordpower made Easy- Norman Lowe Kiran’s SSC paperset since 1999. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English) Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English) Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar Objective General English SP Bakshi Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha. Sarvesh Kumar AND Arun Sharma (solve both 4max grip) Number theory: Nishit Sinha Reasoning: Nishit Sinha AND Arun Sharma (solve both 4max grip) Wordpower made Easy- Norman Lowe IIM Day to day Economics Beyond that Max Practice. (FREE) Previous Solved papers Lucent’s General Knowledge (Hindi | English) Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma Arihant's Verbal Non Verbal Reasoning SP Bakshi’s Objective General English. 145 Comments on “[Download] Essay 2013 Question Paper of UPSC Civil Service Mains” Read some pointers on essay here! Found it useful… Hey thanks steve, really useful Especially for case studies. You are welcome nithesh… Just want to help others too…
Would have written on the topic “1.Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)” 1. Introduction: Why change is necessary and how individualistic change can bring about a total revolution in people’s thought process. 2a. Primarily Gandhiji’s contribution in Indian Struggle for causes, freedom with his methods Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience, mostly focussing on issues essay, Gandhiji’s personal self sacrifice of worldly pleasures, taking up of a langot, simple living and high thinking. 2b. Aqa As Media? From here I will go to world issues extended essay, the current political sphere of corruption and sexual violence which is reflected in the leaders. 2c.
In an economic point of aqa as coursework, view I will try to tell about the world issues extended, decrease in opinio essay CAD due to decrease in imports and world issues how people’s action represent the essay, end result. 2d. Will talk about the women empowerment and the female leaders in various sectors of Indian Corporate Sector. Basically in the whole body I will give examples of the importance of leadership in Social, Political, Economical, Cultural and Technological. Will try to show the world issues extended, Historic changes and how it depended upon the change in thought processes of Leaders, such as Lenin, Hitler etc. Will talk about the essays common app, events that may lead to these changes; Nirbhaya incident etc. Also will talk about functions of parents, teachers in extended changing the thought process of the youth, training of people in higher positions, ethical training of officers etc. Conclusion: Narration on the youth of the country, change in collective consciousness, social evils that are present and how they can be eradicated only report with change in thought process. I don’t think this would suffice the statement. Extended Essay? I think, they are asking as to how Gandhi adapted himself to crimes, changes/challenges he faced and what results they produced. Why he wanted to work for the ill-treated workers of Africa?
Why did he burn his identity papers? Why did he tonsure his head? Why did he clean bathrooms? Why tolstoy farm? Why did he change his attire to cotton clothes? Why did he use cotton wheel? Why did he fast many times? Why did he preach non-violence and practiced it? Why did he preach peaceful methods of agitation and stuck to it? Why did he started Harijan programme?
What were the consequences of his actions? Did he change he wanted to really see? Are there any people who got inspired from this? Like Martin Luther King, James Lawson, Nelson Mandela, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Steve Biko, Aung San Suu Kyi and issues essay Philippine opposition leader during the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos, Benigno Aquino, Jr etc. People who got inspired during Freedom struggle because of this and job vacancy transformed themselves – Patel, Vinobha Bhave etc. People who still draw inspiration now – Obama, Al Gore, John Lennon etc and peace activists who draw inspiration from him. Your intentions are correct Indranil. World Extended? But the orientation wasn’t right I guess. This should be the orientation.
These two links shall help in good paragraph write the orientation: I would have gone to, “GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for issues extended essay, judging the well being of a country”. Reason 1, it gives me enough chances to give my opinion. Secondly, this is something which I personally started believing after I started my career in for a government. Issues? I also felt that this topic can also be correlated with the Gandhian principle of Enoughness and causes crimes can be extended and cross linked with multiple social and environmental problems. I would’ve gone for topic 2: Is colonial mentality hindering India’s success.
1. A topic of issues essay, high contemporary relevance especially given the problems essays common app, recent SC ruling about issues extended establishing Civil Service Boards to free the bureaucracy from the excessive political influence. This single issue has bought to opinio essay, the limelight the relevance of world issues extended essay, institutions like the report diorama, Civil Services, which are colonial legacies, in the present Indian scenario. 2. Lots of good points to issues extended, write from, personally I think I’d have started with Kipling’s idea of “The white man’s burden” and how these attitudes have to an extent become institutionalized and ingrained in the Indian psyche. 3. Challenges posed by this mentality in India’s journey to a world power v/s how can the pervasive presence of such a mentality aid us in the short term. 4. What are the possible answers to report, this challenge? can include examples of how Tilak propounded his own version of Indo-aryan theory in the Arctic Home in the Vedas. Altogether a very interesting and exciting topic. Brother…. are you not beating around the bush. I think, the essay should talk about 3 things mainly. 1)What does colonial mentality mean? What are the aspects of colonial mentality in us? How are they being manifested?
2)How are they effecting our success? 3)solution to overcome the influence. I don’t know how “white man’s burden” is relevant here. Colonial mentality is basically the belief or acceptance that the culture or institutions of the colonial masters is superior to one’s own. World Extended? The poem I believe is among one of the best manifestations of the idea as it talks of how the colonizers themselves believed that they were doing the native population a favor by colonizing them. Raghuram Rajan on “Colonial Mentality” holding back India. Causes Of Hate? Video from 3 years back. This should be in the framework of what chaitanya said. we still follow the larger ideas of what colonial govt did. we can frame this with.
education (finding difficult to change even today..) bureaucracy-legislature(immediately forming committees to supress the situation) What I mentioned is world issues extended essay, not the problems uploading essays app, framework of my answer, just the world extended, reasons why I’d go for topic 2. I was just thinking out loud about those points. They could be included in the essay. you say P.CHIDAMBARAM as CHIDU, it’s o.k. but you are writing GANDHIJI as merely GANDHI- it’s wrong and not acceptable. atleast pay some gratitude to him. Its been almost 56 years since Gandhi walked on this planet, there will be a time in not so distant future probably 150 years when Chidambaram would be 56 years since he would also, Jayant, you should be consistent, you should also pay Chidambaram some gratitude. Gandhi is his name, not Gandhiji. I find no insult in calling him ‘Gandhi’ and most of the books have mentioned him Gandhi, have you checked with all the publications, the NCERT, State Boards and all the diorama, school college books, IGNOU et all? and yea have you raised a voice against those hollywood movies too? A-Team for instance…and when the Big guy from South Africa died, many news channels too? Grow up :) for world essay, instance I admire Gandhi, I am proud of Gandhi, Gandhi is my inspiration- does it sound I don’t show him gratitude? English is a funny language, not your fault. i want to another civil services mains questions -2013 .sent to me sir .thanking u sir.
I wrote on media coursework, the last topic..science is panacea.. I argued against it stating science tech is not a panacea because growth and security is more than just economic growth and essay tech advances. I buttressed it with examples like world wars…tech advances were a reason for aqa as, it, cyber crimes etc etc to show that a mind catharsis is world issues essay, equally important and other aspects like culture etc for growth as an individual and nation and harmony. aggie i think u r wrong the problems app, only option was to write in favor of the topic. it is not a debate u have to write an essay on given topic …read the qsn again…for example topic 1…can u write aginst that…only in second choice u can write in both the ways but not in extended essay 1 3 and 4 topic ..sorry. Don’t worry Aggie….. As long as you have substantiated your view it fine….
Essay is coursework, all about how convincing your argument is and the organisation of your thought … Focus on your next exams.. Do not go by hearsay! I think your understanding of the topic was just perfect. We can start and extend the essay in multiple ways but what matters is the issues extended essay, theme around which one has to write and you did only that. People may view this question differently as they have their own perceptions and judgements regrading what is opinio essay, good in world extended essay science and technology.
Science may be good as dicipline to pursue but technology it invents may not for there are people from causes crimes, APJ to Qadeer Khan. Actions of the scientists may not tune with challenges facing commonman_MNCs using it for commercial benefit. For science to be panacea, perfection in intensions and outcomes of not just in scietist’s endeavours but in actions of people who use them. Panacea : Definitely not and yes you can take a side but better to balance your views. Security of nation : Food Security- how science is helping in increasing food production. How its unsustainable and world extended use of old age traditional wisdom might help. Energy Security- use of science tech in field like Solar and winds. Defense Sector, cyber security etc.
Growth of nation: e-Governance : avoiding corruption etc. Education – space technology for remote. Biotech, nanotech etc. Hey..I have attempted the 4th one about sci and tech…..started as all the letter for a, nations req it..then about the some leaders who evisaged it…examples of Japan Germany Korea USA Israel..talked about military environmental energy social economic security..how various nations have gone to attain heights in these in world achieving security….and growth in each sectors of the Economy ..agri industries services health …I am afraid because of the length..it’s only about 1300words…pls judge me guys. Hey..I have attempted the 4th one about sci and tech…..started as all the nations req it..then about the book diorama, some leaders who evisaged it…examples of world extended essay, Japan Germany Korea USA Israel..talked about military environmental energy social economic security..how various nations have gone to media coursework, attain heights in world extended essay these in report diorama achieving security….and growth in each sectors of the Economy ..agri industries services health …I am afraid because of the length..it’s only about 1300words…pls judge me guys evaluate me mrunal sir. I have written about gdp as well as gnp…
I enjoyed my whole essay writing… sorry gdh…afty giving gs paer 1 and 2..totally out of mind :) sorry gdh, not gnp…afty giving gs paer 1 and 2..totally out of mind :) Topic 4 ,Wrote from a global perspective :( .Started off that meaning of extended essay, growth and security is different at different time and is much more complex now than in for a job vacancy the past. Multitude of issues, security issues facing every nation right now ( energy , economy , food , environment , social equality etc ) Science succeeded in solving issues in past ( food revolution , industrial revolution) However brought multiple problems which required application of human angles to solve ( World wars , inequality , exploitation) Than pointed that along with science nation needs scientific thinking ( Narendra Dabholkar , National Science policy) Pointed out that though problems can be solved by science and an application letter for a technology ( gave examples of specific food , industry and world issues essay environment ) but due to cross border nature of climactic issues coordination is media, required. talked about social , economic and political aspects of world extended, security issues solved by science ( better living standard , more income, empowerment to educated ) and also new issues arising ( inequality , resource destruction and IPR regime) Wrote about need of essay, ethics in science to solve issues ( science not for individual profit but for social good ) Concluded that panaceas do not exist , Science is a powerful tool but without a ethical , humane and world issues extended essay collaborative environment it can not solve the growth and security problem . Examples that I pointed during essay were primarily from India and some global. Please suggest any improvement. Will it be wrong if we write it from global perspective.
Not sure … that’s why I asked people to give suggestion :) I have heard many of them witing from a global perspective. you have broadly covered every aspect of security pertaining not just to defence but it is also about combating any shortage of crimes essay, food commodities and energy security which seems to be the driving force behind several diplomatic negotiations in international political platforms. Extended Essay? every topic expressed in the larger analysis is opinio essay, what would eventually decide the intellectual depth of a candidate which upsc intends to judge at the end of the day. Can’t agree any less.. “the ” in essay means it is specific to india . did upsc give lined blank answer sheet or ruled(lined)answer sheet? did upsc give blank answer sheet or ruled(lined)answer sheet? U r superman to me… I would go for issues essay, Science and technology is the panacea for an application, the growth and issues extended essay security of the nation. 1. Science and tech in agriculture-Improve crop yield, Crop awareness by for a, more imparting scientific knowledge about crops, fertilizers, use of e-krishi sewa Kendra’s, Kisan call centre’s, krishi vikas kendras. Efficiency in agriculture by mechanization, better prediction of Rains, Droughts etc. Issues? Moving away from causes, rain-fed agriculture by efficient utilization of water resources, Rain water harvesting for recharging the ground water in issues essay future use.
Increase in the growth of agriculture sector. Food security, Rich farmers and opinio essay reduction in food imports. Increase in GDP, per world issues capita income. 2. Science Tech in Education- Development of scientific temper(Fundamental Duties) in citizens by Spreading education in remote areas through e-learning (Increase in report instructions literacy rate.) , Research in issues essay new areas no need to problems app, go abroad for scientific education, Increasing awareness for adapting and developing new technologies. Lead’s to holistic development of young workforce of India.
3. Science Tech in Economy- Finding new sources of mineral and oil resources with the help of issues, better technology help in securing energy security of the country. Growth in power sector by reducing transmission losses by adapting and investing in aqa as coursework research and development of world issues essay, new technologies, Will lead to growth in manufacturing sector by of hate, removing infrastructure bottlenecks, reducing Incremental Capital Output Ratio, increasing efficiency in production due to better technology, Increase in manufacturing, increase in jobs. Increase in world issues exports, reduction in CAD hence more growth and more GDP. 4. Science Tech in Climate Change – Development in the areas of green energy, reduction in essay global CO2, Prediction of tsunami’s, earthquake, natural disasters(saving human life).Help in controlling and predicting Global Climate Change. 5. Science Tech in Health Care- New research and development in essay medical science will lead to prevention and cure of various epidemic diseases. 6. Science Tech in essay good Governance: Science and tech will help in bringing transparency in governance and making Govt Servants accountable for their work. World? Implementing aadhaar (UID) direct cash transfers?upliftment of poor’s etc. 7. Science Tech in Security of nation: Securing maritime and problems app land boundaries (reduce infiltration) with the help of better technology.
Creating Coastal Surveillance hubs and monitor the naval vessels with the help of GPS. World? Securing aerial routes for the incoming and aqa as outgoing aircraft’s, Modernization of world issues extended essay, soldiers will lead to saving of human life. Research development in opinio essay manufacturing aircrafts, warships, aircraft carriers, UAVs, missiles will lead to issues extended, reduction in large chunk of unnecessary imports and India can move from the opinio essay, largest importer to essay, Major exporter (Hence increase in GDP). GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country I WUD GO FOR IT BCOZ IT GIVE ME ENOUGH SPACEE TO ENHANCE MY SELF. I CAN COMPARE EASILY BETWEEN THEM. how would you fill that space? What if the word limit has been crossed? Plsss judge my inputs for opinio essay, my essay. This link offers a lot of fodder to the 2nd question which looks really challenging. Though in this link,the case of philippines is deliberated,i think similar scenario exists for india as well. Every one knows that science and technology topic is just go to topic.
But don’t u guys feel that examiner might be expecting something new? After all this exam is more about expectation. in essays asking to take a stand should one be writing for and against both that is expressing the counter opinion view too? please elucidate. I would say do cover counter-points but present them as a word of caution or criticism from issues, certain sections . That covers your back and you still keep batting for the stand that the topic wants you to take . I would write on the change you want to an application for a, see ..one . It is an open topic and covers lot of world extended, dimensions . Causes Essay? No preparation needed type topics are my forte ! I have opted for the 3rd essay. GDP along with GDH. The synopsis was something like this. 1. Introduction – Gist of my entire argument. 3. Impact of GDP on various sectors – i. Failure of trickle down theory – poverty, inequality. ii. environment, social change. 4. Need for GDH – social perspective.
5. World experience. a. Bhutan’s argument on gross national happiness. 6. international outlook. a. World bank vision. b. ADB’s 2020 vision. c. Doha 2012 meet. 7. India’s way to GDH.
a. World Issues Extended Essay? economic reforms – success failure. b. schemes being implement and book report their effectiveness. c. change orientation. 8. Essay? GDP + GDH for holistic and integrated development. I have written on the topic Science and technology is the panacea for opinio essay, the growth and security of the nation. what is science and technology. then the evolution of scientific age from ancient.
historical relation between civilization growth and ST. 2. positive Relation between ST and essay growth. a. social growth: agri, nutrition, medical, inclusiveness, education, some other relevant fields. b. economic growth: low cost infra, e governance vs business, gdp Vs innovation. c. Uploading Common App? cultural growth: p to p contact, secularization etc. d. political growth: strategic importance, participation democracy.
e. environmental and ecology growth:climate change, crisis management etc. 3. positive Relation between ST and security. external aggression,counter terrorism,boarder management, piracy and trade route security, 4. World Issues Extended? negative consequences. 5. conclusion: Ethics and opinio essay ST, suggestions to limit the negative. I wrote around 2400 words with examples. I have written the third essay..with following points. 1.In my introduction, I given the example of middle east counties where economic growth was more but development was less.. 2. explained the GDP concept as a quantitative process.
3. merits of GDP. 4. issues of GDP that high GDP don’t ensure high development. 5. efforts of UNDP in developing HDI to address these issues. 6. Bhutan Story of GNH. 7. explained the components of GNH. 8. Extended Essay? Merits of GNH.
9. Issues in GNH that it does not include health, eduaction, security etc. 10.wrote a separate para for development as a qualitative aspect. Quality cannot be measure objectively. For ex.Beauty. 11.Development is unending and evolving. 12. its meaning changes from one country to othe county. given an example between India and opinio essay US. 13. Need to to include missing topics in world issues essay developing a inclusive development index.
14. Partly agreed with the statement but gave some more factore to be included . 15. Concluded with such inclusive development is uploading essays app, needed for inclusive development. Can you evaluate these points, sir? I wrote the 1st topic which was a Gandhian quote. I believe in expressing oneself through one’s writing and especially when it comes to world issues extended, essays. Further, I have lost touch of writing so my writing speed has become terrible.
Anyway, I loved writing it. I began by expounding the of hate essay, quote and substantiating its relevance as manifested through the plethora of quotes by other eminent as well as anonymous writers. World Extended Essay? I also took excerpts from the Bible to denote the essay, significance of the quote and world issues the principle behind it in the spiritual realm as well. In the body of the essay, I took examples from the lives of notable figures like Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teresa, Abraham Lincoln, etc. who embodied the essence of the quote by carrying the flame of change in media coursework themselves and enlightening the lives of those whom they touched. I tried explaining how we can also learn from the examples of such great people and be the change that we want to see in others. I also highlighted the difficulties in trying to swim against the flow of the stream and how to overcome them. With few interesting examples of the ‘Great Salmon Run’ and the inspirational ‘Flame Story’, I concluded my essay with a challenge to the readers to issues essay, be the change they want to see in others. I think I wrote about 2250-2300 words, darkening certain words, expressions, etc. to make them catchy and the best thing was that I had time to go through it again and opinio essay I thoroughly enjoyed reading it. ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) was lengthy and issues extended essay I think it would have been difficult for those aspirants who hail from Hindi or other regional medium. Book Diorama? For English medium candidates like me it was comparatively easier however, HINDI (COMPULSORY) was difficult for me especially the precis and the passage. The passage for the precis was so difficult with mouthful words that I haven’t even heard.
I don’t think that such tough words are used in world issues spoken Hindi at all. Other parts were fine. My attempt was about book diorama 200+ in Hindi and 296 in extended English (I didn’t know the meanings of certain words and problems uploading essays common certain antonyms). GS I, II and III were drastic changes, in world terms of the question pattern, that UPSC attempted. Most of the questions sought the views of the examinees and required thinking since the themes were ‘critically examine’, ‘evaluate’, ‘justify’, etc. My attempt was about letter for a job vacancy 60-70% in the three GS papers.
GS IV again was highly practical and extended I attempted 200+. My optional was economics. Book Report Diorama? While the Paper I was highly theoretical with straight forward questions on models and world issues essay derivations, Paper II was more general and application based. Aqa As Media Coursework? My paper I was terribly bad while paper II was very good. Attempt at issues essay Paper I was only about 50% while for Paper II it was well over opinio essay, 80%. Since, the scores of earlier years’ toppers lie somewhere between 50-60%, I at least hope to qualify. Anyway, I am keeping my fingers crossed and issues continuing my preparation for essay paragraph, 2014. This was my first attempt without any formal coaching and while having a job. So, its kind of bitter sweet. ALL THE BEST FOR THE RESULTS.
Science and technology… PRESENT IS BETTER. FUTURE WILL BE GLORIOUS. My heart fills with pleasure when I see a person at issues essay grassroots doing innovation and bringing smiles to the masses…simultaneously I feel proud when India launches AGNI-5 … Growth .. inclusive growth explained. security ….broader concept…..includes… from safe borders to for a, food,education,livelihood etc. explored 12-13 dimensions.. World Extended? (More points in context of India, developing and aqa as media underdeveloped world ) biotechnology – new medicines,hybrid crops,GM food,IPR issues. health – new diagnostics, some innovative ideas for world issues extended, affordable,accessible health ,AYUSH, TKDL etc. Education – use of IT, environment – Solar,wind,geothermal,bio energy , shale gas, nuclear energy etc. IT – cyber security , tele medicine , online education,e-governence etc.
Innovations at grass roots.. agriculture – new implements, organic farming etc. Governance – online RTI , + 2,3 more dimensions. Discussed ethical issues like GM crops, drug trials , IPR etc and global connections at relevant place. Finally 1,2 paragraph on spirituality, value based science and technology,ethics etc. then some suggestions to make scientific developments equitable and how to an application job vacancy, involve the most vulnerable sections. (not remembering exactly … bringing the main theme ) A comprehensive scientific model considering the essay, needs of most vulnerable section is write, need of hour.. It seems that we are marching towards that.. But no rest until we wipe tears from every eye and issues bring smiles to every face . A holistic scientific development standing on report, ground of world extended essay, sustainability with equitably distributed fruits .. is the master key for promising future… good essay to opinio essay, some extent it is close to my structure. introduction: nehruji speech at indian science congress 1937. nehru vision of planning as application of science.
nehru vision of world, selfdependent nation can only ensure growth and security. how it worked for starting years takled about green revolution ,satellite , etc. but then talked about STI POLICY 2013 bring that science has failed to help masses and essay served classes. then taled about inclusive growth and new policy. vision of inclusive innovation linking science and tech to masses. talked about msme sector which employs mojaro chunk of population and role of innovation. talked about green + gene revolution for food security. takled about water security and innovation, bio toilets (SCHEDULE CASTE)and social justice ,vision of constitution growth with justice . naxalism ;:uavs , weapons. communalism:scientific temper and social site monitoring. external ecurity: army ,navy ,etc strenthening takled about missile ,etc.
but then said not panacea what is needed is good governance. takled about goodgovernace. but again said no good governance without e governance so agin science and tech. hen went on world extended, misuse of sciece talked about us prim prog (HUMAR RIGHT ISSUE) Quoted kofi annan” withouth growth cannot enjoy sec, withour sec cannot enjo growth, cannot enjoy either without human rights and an application for a goodgovernace. then takled about world essay scientific temper of nehru in an application for a discovery of india ,wrote a page and narendra dhabolkar murder, then takled about vivekananda vision of science in world issues modern world, then albert einstein on problems common app, spiritual science. gandhi and issues essay science. ended with quote of opinio essay, SHAW ON RATIONALITY. Started with Marx’s quote “Philosophers have interpreted the world essay, world in various ways; point, however, is to change it!”, saying how arguably the greatest men of 19th and 20th century respectively, though differing hugely in their ideological orientations, focused on change, with former emphasizing the need to change the status-quo, while latter focusing more on commencing that change from one’s own life. Explained the theme as basically the congruence between one’s thoughts and aqa as media deeds, represented par excellence by extended, Gandhi.
Then went on to, briefly, showing how Gandhi did it in his life, starting from his experiments in South Africa to opinio essay, improve the lot of the blacks and extended essay Indians there, referred to in Guha’s “Gandhi before India”, till his fast in Noakhali in the aftermath of communal violence (his request to Hindus in Delhi to stop the violence; else, he won’t have a face to say Muslims to do so in Pakistan = an example of being the change we wish to problems uploading common app, see!). Included things like his use of extended, ‘charkha’ and ‘swadeshi’ to implement his ‘Sarvodaya’ model and principle of self-reliance; his cleaning the toilets to show dignity of labour, and his views on question of untoouchability; his experiments with vegetarianism in his early years in South Africa and celibacy in his later years; calling off of NCM after the book report instructions, Chauri Chaura incident as it violated his ideal of change flowing from non-violent movement, etc. Main body laid stress on how being the change one wants to see is better than, and more pragmatic to, being cynical and passing remarks sitting on the shore about the pathetic state-of-affairs prevalent and the utopian order envisaged. This could be seen both at the level of individual and collectivity – be it the nation, or humanity at large. Then it could be in the sphere of personal life and in the realm of public life. Analysed this from the vantage point of several key institutions in world issues our country (as to how they kind of lack it):
Vishakha judgement way back in 1997, but Internal Complaints Committee set up by the apex court 16 years later, in backdrop of recent complaint by problems uploading essays common, young intern lawyer; Reluctance that was shown initially on part of higher judiciary for world, assets declaration; The RTI controversy; The judgement on opinio essay, use of world issues, ‘red beacons’ (*the last one, not this most recent) but how they (the judges in SC and HCs) themselves are not getting rid of it at their level first, setting an example. Their exposure of various scams (which I said was a must and welcome step given the fact that Media is the bulwark of ensuring accountability by mobilising public opinion), but the grave issue of “Paid News” as an an application for a job vacancy, instance of not putting the house in order! Then expecting fair trials from essay, judiciary, but indulging in “trial by media”; likewise, expecting others to be responsible, but indulging in irresponsible reporting at times. Each party will criticise the Govt while in problems common opposition (which is healthy for a vibrant, functional democratic set-up) and say they are not doing this and issues extended that, but when the same party comes in power, they will not do it themselves! e.g. on communal riots, every party will criticise the Govt of the problems essays app, day for not being able to control, but repeat the same mistakes when they are in power. At the international level, gave instances of contradictory and biased stances as: – Doha round : Developed nations giving massive subsidies to their rich farmers, but not allowing SSMs for small and marginal farmers of developing nations. – Climate change: Industrialised countries still emitting much higher per capita emissions, but constraining emerging countries like India in their quest for world extended essay, legitimate socio-economic development. – So-called ‘strongest democracies’ and apparent proponents of human rights indulging in gross violations of human rights and destroying civilian lives in the guise of ‘humanitarian interventionism’ – P-5 nations not giving up their nuclear arsenals as a first step, but enforcing others to sign the highly-discriminatory NPT! Then gave some shining examples of those personalities who have brought a ray of essay, hope amid all this: – Mother Teresa: She didn’t merely preach compassion, she practiced it! – Nelson Mandela: Gave the world one of it’s most progressive constitutions, ensuring equal rights for all, and not indulging in any repressive measures towards whites for the long and ghastly regime of ‘apartheid’
Wrote how it is important in the context of civil service, as to how civil service aspirants are all ‘ideal’ when they begin, and essay talk of massive corruption and inefficiency at the beginning, but unfortunately many toe the aqa as media coursework, same line some years down the world issues extended, line; so, how it is opinio essay, important to be the change one wishes to world, see in the present system, on entering the system, and upholding the highest forms of integrity, absolute commitment to public service, high standards of efficiency, etc. Concluded by laying emphasis on media coursework, need for the youth of the country at world issues essay large to follow this principle in essay letter and spirit, to ensure that we reap the much talked-about demographic dividend, and embark upon truly inclusive growth and sustainable development. Finished off with following couplet by world, great Urdu poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz, as a call to the youth to come and take part in the nation-building activity: “Gulon mein rang bhare, baad-e-naubahaar chale, Chale bhi aao, ke gulshan ka karobaar chale” (Blossoming flowers, the fresh morning breeze blows; Come so that the garden may bloom further…) your studyplan are so useful. am preparing for upcoming officer grade B exam. Causes? i finished my mba (2012 passed out) and essay i dont have any job experience .can i able to apply to this exam because dey do ask job experience when applying. but i studied eligibility they haven’t asked about it specifically. and crimes essay one more doubt is my father(late) government employee then am i belongs to creamy layer r non creamy layer? but i had my community certificate in MBC. looking forward for ur reply soon. i may have forgt to write question number 4 before attempting ST question nor wrote topic name on top. how may marks at world issues most i may get penalised ?? i want cg psc mains exam eassy topic, will u plz help me?? ds is ma first time so i have no idea for eassy. plz help me. please update me regarding all the details of an application letter for a job vacancy, UPSC….. dear mrunal sir.please try to find out when is the issues extended, mains result coming. hi everyone, thanx for tips for your good kind of essay. hi everyone, thanq so much sir for the tips. Thank you very very much, for giving list of imp. essay topics.
plz sir guide me how develop essay writings. advice me to write important toipics. You really make it appear so easy with your presentation however I to find this topic to be really one thing that I believe I might never understand. It kind of feels too complicated and extremely huge for me. I am looking forward on your next submit, I will attempt to opinio essay, get the hang of it!
HELLO SIR.. i don’t have any idea abt civil services ….plz help me sir….steps for approching civil services.
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