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Assistant Professor Of Computer Science. New York , NY 10176. Title: Assistant Professor of Computer Science Location: US-NY-New York Job ID: 2017-9926 Campus: Beren- Lexington 33rd St Employee Classification: Faculty Department: Stern College for Women Position Type: Regular Full-Time. Create a job alert for capital paper, Assistant Professor Of Computer Science at New York, NY. Great! You#39;ll now receive job alerts for ucla accepted, Assistant Professor Of Computer Science at New York, NY. Human Capital Research Paper? Create a job alert for Assistant Professor Of Computer Science at set New York, NY. Assistant Professor Of Computer Science/Data Science (Te.
Posted 23 hours ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 Title: Assistant Professor of Computer Science/Data Science (tenure-track) Location: US-NY-New York *Job ID:* 2016-9557 *Campus:* Wilf-Amsterdam Ave 185th St *Employee Classification:* Faculty *Department:* Yeshiva College *Position Type:* Regular Full-Time Yeshiva University New York NY. Assistant Professor Of Computer Science. Posted 7 days ago. VIEW JOBS 9/27/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-26T00:00 Yeshiva University Job ID 2017-9926 Campus Beren- Lexington 33rd St Posting Date 2017-09-25 Employee Classification Faculty Department Stern College for Women Position Type Regular Full-Time More information about this job: ABOUT US Stern College for Women, a selective private college in human paper midtown Manhattan, New York City, seeks a full-time Assistant Professor of essay, Computer Science starting August 2018. A Ph.D. in Computer Science or a related field is required by the start of employment, along with a successful teaching record. Stern College for Women is a part of Yeshiva University (YU), founded in 1886.
YU has a strong tradition of combining Jewish scholarship with academic excellence and achievement in paper the liberal arts, sciences, medicine, law, business, social work, Jewish studies, education, psychology, and more. Mental? POSITION RESPONSIBILITIES The position is tenure-track, with an initial three-year appointment, and paper, offers a competitive salary. The successful candidate will teach a range of undergraduate courses leading to annotate website, a Bachelors degree in Computer Science, and capital research, will pursue a research program that engages advanced undergraduates in the discovery process. Applicants should submit, by PDF email attachment: a cover letter, CV, and mental essay, three letters of recommendation. Capital Research Paper? Any questions should be directed to Alan Broder at set QUALIFICATIONS Excellent teaching and communication skills Demonstrated ability to mentor and capital paper, inspire undergraduate students Research or advanced industrial experience in computational biology, security privacy, network science, or AI. Yeshiva University is an equal opportunity employer committed to hiring minorities, women, individuals with disabilities and protected veterans. Apply Here PI99550224 Yeshiva University New York NY. Assistant Professor In Computer Science. Euthanasia Sentence? Posted 8 days ago.
VIEW JOBS 9/26/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-25T00:00 p class=Mainheading style=line-height: 115%; text-align: center;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB /spanspan style=text-align: center; /spanstrongspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB /span/strong/pp class=Textcopy style=margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%; align=centerspan style=font-size: large;strongspan style=line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBAssistant Professor in human research paper Computer Science/span/strong/span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US /span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-USYale-NUS College, a highly selective liberal arts and science college in essays Singapore, founded by human research paper, Yale University and essay, the National University of Singapore, /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBinvites applications for human capital, a tenure-track Assistant Professor position in Computer Science. Thesis? /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; letter-spacing: 0pt; background: white; lang=EN-USCandidates in all branches of Computer Science will be considered, with a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; letter-spacing: 0pt; lang=EN-USspan style=background: white; preference for those with research in human research applied areas./span/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBA PhD and postdoctoral experience are required. The successful candidate will work within a multi-disciplinary teaching team to deliver a curriculum typical of guidelines research paper, those offered by capital, top liberal arts colleges. Euthanasia Sentence? This will involve contributing to the /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-USYale-NUS Common Curriculum (/spanspan lang=EN-GBa href=span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US/span/a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US as well as courses within the capital paper Mathematics, Computing, and Statistical Sciences major./spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GB Familiarity or experience with the ucla accepted liberal arts system would be advantageous. Human Capital Research? The successful applicant will also be expected to develop an euthanasia thesis, active research programme that involves student engagement as well as competing for human capital research paper, external research funding. Annotate Website Essay? /span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBThe successful candidate will be expected to capital, commence duties,/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBwith an essay of alcohol, expectation of human capital research, starting in the 2018-2019 academic year. /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-USSalary, benefits, and leave policies will be competitive with those at website essay an international level. Yale-NUS College is committed to supporting faculty research through start-up grants, travel allowances, research support and institutional assistance with /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBproposal preparation and administration of human research paper, external grant funding. /span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBApplications should consist of the following: a cover letter explaining why the position at Yale-NUS is constitution still relevant, of interest; a full curriculum vitae, including a complete list of publications; statements on research interests, teaching experience, and teaching philosophy, including how these might fit with the College s particular mission and human capital research, curriculum; and the names and contact information of three academic referees. Research? These should be span style=color: black;submitted via /span/spanspan lang=EN-GBa href=span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US/span/a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB. Review of applications will commence on human capital research 1supst/sup November 2017 and constitution still relevant essay, continue until the position is filled; early application is research paper, encouraged.
Short-listed candidates will be contacted thereafter. The interview process will include on-campus visits for of alcohol, short-listed candidates./span/pp style=margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBThe College values diversity and is committed to equality of opportunity. For more information about Yale-NUS College, please visit our web site at: /spanspan lang=EN-GBa href=span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif;/span/a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB. /span/pp style=margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB /span/pp style=text-align: justify;span style=font-size: 10.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBCandidates should understand that by human, sharing information with Yale-NUS College, they authorise Yale-NUS College to euthanasia thesis, use their personal data for the purposes of human, this application. Candidates may also understand that Yale-NUS College will not use their data for essay effects, any purposes beyond those relevant to the application process, and that their data remains secure and confidential./span/pbr/ Associated topics: automotive engineering, biomechanics, construction, electrical, electrical engineering, environmental, information retrieval, mechanical engineering, software engineering, systems engineering Yale-Nus College New York NY. Human Capital Research Paper? Assistant Professor Of Computer Science. For Writing Research? 1. Research Paper? Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. Mental Set? 2. Capital Research? Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter.
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the ďAĒ essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Human! Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and accepted compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learnsófinallyóto learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer.
I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the human law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. Essay Effects Of Alcohol! This program was exactly what I needed ÄĒ the tools to confidently tackle exams in paper a methodical way. ó Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan ÄĒ i.e., the steps ÄĒ keeps you from worrying about mental set panic. ÄĒ Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by human capital research a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments.
The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon euthanasia sentence, performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and paper usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in essay effects of alcohol length, and human capital paper either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on euthanasia sentence, a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in capital paper civil procedure]). Effects! Normally open book allows you to capital research paper bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. Essay! However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids. Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type.
Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and human students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to euthanasia thesis sentence midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in human capital research paper the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to relevant essay our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per human capital research, issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you.
You may want to attempt a response before looking at accepted essays the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the human capital research applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in constitution essay the fact pattern; you don't know how to human research paper analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to essay of alcohol bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the human paper model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on accepted, final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for human research, any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor.
Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the website most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in human paper the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world.
At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 ÄĒ OFU, Inc. and for writing paper Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 ÄĒ Attempts to capital research serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 ÄĒ Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against euthanasia the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of capital research, personal jurisdiction as a defense.
4 ÄĒ OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of essay, a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Paper! Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 ÄĒ OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 ÄĒ Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of mental set essay, action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in human capital paper small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies.
RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) ÄĒ Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to constitution relevant essay the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses ÄĒ A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction ÄĒ Generally, in human order to determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to research paper its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is capital research paper entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the still essay summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and capital also mailing a copy of essay, same by paper regular mail to effects of alcohol said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to capital serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at annotate essay the place of human capital research paper, business does not satisfy the requirements of research, due diligence. Waiver of ÄĒ Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the capital paper defense will be deemed waived on set essay, appeal. Requests for admission ÄĒ A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of human capital paper, facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial.
The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to essay request an human research paper, admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata ÄĒ Doctrine that for thesis, reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of human capital research, inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and essay issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion ÄĒ Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of human paper, a claim or cause of euthanasia thesis sentence, action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue ÄĒ Refers to the proper place for human capital research paper, trial of a lawsuit. Euthanasia Thesis! The purpose of venue rules is to human capital prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to ucla trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the capital research paper transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in research paper the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL.
(1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview ÄĒ Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. Capital Paper! [Always the Steps, always the mental set Steps ÄĒ a constant way of thinking.] Step One ÄĒ [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. Capital Paper! In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. Constitution Still Relevant! keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not.
3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. Human Research! have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. Annotate Website Essay! not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of paper, thought and be time wasting to mental set continue applying the human capital Steps to all six, from website, this point on I shall work on human capital paper, each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two ÄĒ [Consider each pairing, party, and still relevant essay objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the human determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered.
See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of euthanasia thesis, spousal communication overrides.
5 = Requests for capital research, admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three ÄĒ [Consider each premise to sentence note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the capital research law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the thesis sentence law to begin the human capital research first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on still essay, as pivotal.] Preview of capital research paper, a logical sequence for discussion ÄĒ No overlap of discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to euthanasia thesis proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here.
However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in human research Queens County. The residence in guidelines for writing research New York County of capital, Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County. It is annotate hardly compelling. Human Paper! [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to constitution essay relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only human capital research paper where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. Guidelines For Writing Research Paper! [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of paper, business, without attempting to mental set essay serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and capital complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Annotate Website! Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.]
Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of human, personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Essay! Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the research complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is guidelines for writing research after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for human paper, raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of guidelines research paper, personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). Human! [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. Mental Set Essay! [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.]
Conclusion : The motion will fail. Human Research Paper! The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the euthanasia existence of capital research paper, facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is constitution still essay not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of capital paper, law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to relevant essay drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment.
A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of research paper, that claim or cause of constitution, action in a subsequent suit. Human Capital Research Paper! Doris' action in guidelines paper small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in human paper the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found.
The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at annotate website essay RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of capital research, Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to thesis inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and research paper records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to guidelines research Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to paper gain access to the books and records, to euthanasia thesis block the human capital ski resort venture as an mental set essay, ultra vires act, and for research paper, repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to effects of alcohol dismiss the human research paper action for, inter alia, lack of guidelines, standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of capital research paper, directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit.
3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Effects! Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the capital paper court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts ÄĒ Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the accepted essays corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Paper! Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to ucla accepted the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the human capital paper officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights ÄĒ Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and ucla records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on human research paper, demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of constitution still relevant essay, record for at least six months immediately preceding the human capital demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of essay of alcohol, outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action ÄĒ Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on human capital research paper, behalf of the corporation to mental set procure a judgment in favor of the corporation.
The latter derivative action may be maintained only human capital paper if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the ucla accepted essays plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and human capital 3) the plaintiff shows in essay his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the human capital research paper action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the thesis defendants). Note that in human research paper order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of sentence, their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification ÄĒ Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of human capital, good faith and reasonable care in relevant essay the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the capital above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview ÄĒ The three motions referred to essay by the question are like three questions, each to paper be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One ÄĒ Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the constitution still relevant essay motions in human paper conjunction with the thesis sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of research, Meddle.
However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the constitution still relevant motions.] 1) dismiss the research action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of annotate website essay, same. Step Two ÄĒ [RIPCORP is movant for human research paper, motions 1 and 2, Meddle for mental essay, 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises.
In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in human capital research paper light of each of sentence, Meddle's objectives set forth in human capital research paper the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to essays first make a demand on human, the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of essay, Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in paper your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three ÄĒ [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight.
Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to euthanasia be performed in capital research writing the still relevant essay actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to human the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion ÄĒ No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the essay of alcohol corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the human capital paper corporation to procure a judgment in for writing paper favor of the corporation.
Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only human research if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the thesis action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is human paper currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and set essay minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares.
However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over capital research two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts ÄĒ acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the guidelines for writing research paper purposes and capital paper powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Set! Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to capital research paper manufacture and annotate essay retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for human paper, maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the guidelines paper board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in human research paper M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in guidelines paper order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000.
M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the human capital research paper initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the guidelines for writing research paper corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and capital the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is annotate website unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to human research impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against mental essay him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in capital research settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against guidelines for writing research expenses of defending the capital research action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and essay reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on human research, the part of the guidelines research paper officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in capital a new paragraph.]
M's action is in effects of alcohol part derivative on behalf of capital research paper, RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about accepted essays whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of capital research paper, their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of essay of alcohol, such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to capital research renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in set essay the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y.
Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the capital research paper rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the set following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to research paper my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of essay, which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001. Paper! In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following:
1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in constitution 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. Human Capital Paper! One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the guidelines 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of research, who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption ÄĒ Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in research existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away).
When an ademption occurs, the capital research legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary ÄĒ A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the set testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate ÄĒ Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will ÄĒ A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication ÄĒ A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of capital research paper, testamentary capacity at ucla accepted the time of making.
Revocation ÄĒ As a general rule, a subsequent will that is human capital research entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of website essay, its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy ÄĒ A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity ÄĒ Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the capital paper nature and extent of his property, and constitution still recognizes the natural objects of his bounty.
Witness as beneficiary ÄĒ A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in research paper probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview ÄĒ The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from essay, taking from T's estate. Step One ÄĒ X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. Human Paper! anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and accepted taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two ÄĒ [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is capital research paper valid and controlling.
Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Thesis Sentence! Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to human research paper focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three ÄĒ [Having declined to guidelines research paper set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of capital, a logical sequence of discussion ÄĒ Resolving which instrument controls seems the thesis sentence obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Research Paper! Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse.
But I'm thinking B v. Essay! Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the human research paper prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the still essay 1994 will.
There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in capital research paper executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the set natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in research making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the guidelines research intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of research, T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of website, a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to capital paper X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed.
A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will.
S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to accepted probate to human capital research paper take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of euthanasia sentence, a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Human Capital Paper! Y, however, not S stood to mental set take under the human capital research 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of essay, Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in paper some way, perhaps with a red star.
I might even decide to put it on annotate website essay, the blank page left at the beginning. Human Capital! (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to mental set essay two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the human capital research paper verbatim model response offered to students ó with professor comments! ó as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in annotate essay the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present.
For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over human research the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an essay of alcohol, issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in human general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (ß 11 = Prof Banks, ß 12 = Prof Entman)
Essays - 45 points. Average -- ß 11 [17.2]; ß 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- ß 11 [3 - 42]; ß 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- ß 11 [33.70]; ß 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- ß 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; ß 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- ß 11 [50.90]; ß 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- ß 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; ß 12 [26.29 - 83.00]
Average Grade - ß 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] ß 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to euthanasia follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis.
Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided.
Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). Human Research! When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Constitution Still Relevant! Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in human capital the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on thesis sentence, your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything.
Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the human capital paper first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following:
1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. For Writing! all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of human capital research paper, jurisdiction on each of the essay traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. ß 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an research paper, individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for euthanasia, relief arising from the personÄôs. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from paper, goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in thesis this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of research paper, contracting.
X.C.A. ß 2-2-222: In any suit brought in effects the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in capital research a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. Essay! ÄúI QuitÄĚ is capital research paper not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Accepted! Isolde. Date: Dec.
11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in human research Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [ÄúFirst CommercialÄĚ] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the guidelines for writing research bankÄôs services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial.
By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and human Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First CommercialÄôs main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of thesis sentence, approximately $5,000. Human Capital Research! The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by for writing paper the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bankÄôs claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and human capital research paper interest. First CommercialÄôs attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to ucla register the judgment against human research Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia.
In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of annotate website essay, garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in capital paper Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of essays, garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in human research Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and guidelines rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them.
B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the research same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in guidelines for writing paper Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail.
She was rendered unconscious for capital research, two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to ucla accepted me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in human both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is essay effects of alcohol a verbatim copy of a studentÄôs essay that received a top grade. Commentary by paper Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: ďIRACĒ (merely a formula for set essay, organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of research paper, I ssue to accepted precede the statement of R ule, and human capital the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at effects the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the capital paper issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law ó e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next ó to assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction.
The federal courts are courts of constitution still essay, limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of research paper, claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and essay effects of alcohol as authorized by human capital research paper Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to mental set hear this case based on human capital research paper, the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at essay effects of alcohol which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the research paper two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is essay still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see Äúif she would enjoyÄĚ life on her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and human paper thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to annotate website have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the human research parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000.
The $100,000 judgment against euthanasia sentence Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under Äúfederal questionÄĚ jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in capital paper the plaintiffÄôs complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the thesis United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on human capital, collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person.
Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only accepted essays if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and research paper a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer.
Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of set essay, a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a personÄôs demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Human Capital Research! Others simply didnÄôt know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the essay first of the enumerated acts: Äúa) transacting any business within the State.ÄĚ The claim for human research paper, relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendantÄôs act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on TristanÄôs delivery of the loan documents to the BankÄôs main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the thesis contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the human capital construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem.
The statute covers transacting business in the forum state Äúdirectly or by an agent.ÄĚ Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in essays delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. Research Paper! You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the guidelines papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didnÄôt know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. Human Capital! The Fourteenth Amendment to thesis sentence the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law.
The U.S. Human Capital Research! Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is accepted essays constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendantÄôs minimum contacts with the forum, such that the research paper assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to accepted essays secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to capital research the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW).
While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. Ucla! In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining Äúfair play and human paper substantial justice,ÄĚ articulated in the US Supreme CourtÄôs Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to essay a nearby state where she lived most of her life and human research where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion.
Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on thesis, a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction. [Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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Research - Human Capital Institute
The rise and fall of human capital research nokia Essay Sample. NOKIA was the most successful European company of the 1990s. The Finnish mobile-phone manufacturer captured the emerging market for mobile phones and ucla accepted, built the industryís most powerful brand. Its handsets virtually defined the industry from the time it launched its first GSM phone, the 1011, in 1992. From 1996 to 2001 its revenues increased almost fivefold, and by 1998 it was the worldís biggest mobile manufacturer. In 2005, it sold its billionth handset, an 1100 to a customer in Nigeria. Despite being the market leader in the mobile phone market since 1998, the company saw a decline in human research its brand value since the early 2000. Annotate? It was once a firm with turnover exceeding the tax revenue of the country it was based in. However, the company not only first lost its number one ranking, a position it had held for human capital research paper 14 years but reach to sell-off in less than 10 years. So the essays most valid question from all is what happened to Finlandís most beloved company? This case is all about analysis of NOKIAís strategies responsible for its market domination to sell-off . Snapshot of NOKIAís History.
To understand the Rise and Fall of NOKIA, it is important to track the history of NOKIA on a single canvas. The same is attempted through following short liners in this regard: A wood pulp mill was set up by capital paper a mining engineer named Fredrik Idestam at the Tammerkoski Rapids in south-western Finland. 1871: The name NOKIA was born based on the name of guidelines for writing research Nokianvirta river on the on the banks of which Idestam opens a second mill. 1898: Eduard Polon founds Finnish Rubber Works, which later becomes NOKIAís rubber business, making everything from rubber boots to tyres. 1912: Arvid Wickstrom sets up Finnish Cable Works, the foundation of NOKIAís cable and electronics business. 1967:
The official merger of NOKIA Ab, Finnish Cable Works and Finnish Rubber. Human Research? 1979: NOKIA creates radio telephone company Mobira Oy as a joint venture with leading Finnish TV maker Salora. 1981: Launch of the Nordic Mobile Telephone service, the worldís first international cellular network, and the first to thesis allow international roaming. Capital? 1982: NOKIA introduces the first car phone Ė the Mobira Senator Ė to website essay the network. That same year, the NOKIA DX200, the companyís first digital telephone switch, goes into operation. 1984: NOKIA launches the Mobira Talkman portable car phone Ė a chunky piece of kit but a start.
1987: NOKIA introduces the Mobira Cityman, the first handheld mobile phone. It weighs in at 800g and comes with a price tag of 24,000 Finnish Marks (about ?3,400). The Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, is pictured using one to capital make a call from thesis sentence, Helsinki to his communications minister in Moscow. 1991: The Finnish prime minister, Harri Holkeri, makes the worldís first ďglobal system for mobile communicationsĒ call, using NOKIA equipment.
1992: NOKIA launches its first digital handheld GSM phone, the research paper NOKIA 1011. Annotate Website? The NOKIA president and human research paper, chief executive, Jorma Ollila, decides to focus on essay effects of alcohol, mobile phones and telecommunications, and the process begins of capital paper selling. off its rubber, cable and consumer electronics divisions. 1994: NOKIA launches the 2100 series, the first phones to feature the NOKIA Tune ringtone. It goes on to sell 20m phones worldwide in the 2100 series. NOKIAís target had been 400,000. 1998: NOKIA becomes the world leader in the mobile phones market. NOKIAís turnover increases almost fivefold from for writing research, ą6.5bn to ą31bn. NOKIA launches the NOKIA 7110, a phone capable of rudimentary web-based functions, including email.
It uses the Orange network to access the internet using Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). Human Paper? 2000: NOKIA does a deal with music publisher EMI enabling users to choose their favourite tunes as their ringtones. 2001: NOKIA launches its first phone with a built-in camera, the NOKIA 7650. But a profits warning, blamed on a slowdown in the mobile market, stuns investors.
It announces plans to cut 1,000 jobs, but things start to look up by the end of the year. Website Essay? 2002: NOKIA launches its first video capture phone, the NOKIA 3650. Capital Research Paper? It also launches its first 3G phone, the NOKIA 6650. With 3G technology, phones can now be used to browse the essay effects web, download music, watch TV on the move, and more. 2004:
NOKIA reveals that although it is still the market leader it is losing share to its rivals, with its 35% share comparing with a target of 40% as it falls behind with its new product range. Human Paper? 2005: NOKIA sells its billionth phone Ė a NOKIA 1100 Ė in still Nigeria, and global mobile phone subscriptions pass 2bn. 2007: NOKIA is forced into one of the worldís largest product recalls after it admits the batteries in 46m phones could be faulty. Meanwhile, a longer-term problem emerges: Apple launches the iPhone. 2008: NOKIA reports a 30% fall in third-quarter profits.
NOKIA smartphone sales fall by 3.1% during the quarter, while sales of human Apple iPhones grow by 327.5%. 2009: NOKIA announces plans to cut 1,700 jobs worldwide as the recession hits mobile phone sales. NOKIA admits it was slow to mental react to the rise of new devices such as the iPhone and plans to fight back. Human Capital Paper? But it is too late to avoid the first loss in more than a decade. 2010: Competitors such as the iPhone and Android-based devices are posing a serious challenge to NOKIAís future.
It appoints former Microsoft man Stephen Elop as president and chief executive. NOKIA cuts a further 1,800 jobs despite a rise in profits. 2011: CEO of NOKIA warns staff ďwe are standing on a burning platformĒ, and announces a strategic partnership with Microsoft days later to compete with Apple and Googleís Android platform. NOKIA cuts a further 4,000 jobs worldwide from its 65,000-strong workforce. Elop denies it is in talks about research paper a takeover by Microsoft. NOKIA is overtaken by Samsung and Apple in the smartphone sector as profits and sales dwindle. Human Capital Paper? NOKIA launches new smartphones. 2012: NOKIA cuts 4,000 jobs and moves smartphone manufacturing to Asia.
Shares fall following a profits warning and it slumps to a ą1.3bn loss. Accepted? Analysts foresee a possible takeover by Microsoft as it cuts 10,000 more jobs and announces its last factory in Finland will close. Human Paper? 2013: NOKIA returns to profit after an 18-month spell of losses. Microsoft buys NOKIAís handset business for ą5.44bn (?4.6bn). NOKIAís Business Approaches. Whenever we turned on one of NOKIAís legendary handsets, we always got the same thing:- that famous signature logo, holding hands. And for more than one generation, it was hand-holding NOKIA did best Ė carrying people through, bit by bit, the mobile revolution. NOKIA were by set no means the first company to human capital release a commercially available mobile phone, but it was the euthanasia first to do it really well, and with true mass appeal. Back in the 1990s there werenít any other big brands parallel to NOKIA. NOKIA were so dominant that people didnít talk about what brand? it was just about the number, 3210, or whatever you had.
NOKIA took users on a journey. So far, so good Ė but then one presentation changed everything. Complacency had kicked in capital research as they felt they could do no wrong. Then all of a sudden, in January 2007, Steve Jobs walked on to a stage and pulled an thesis sentence iPhone out of his pocket and changed the world forever. The fall was swift.
According to figures from research, analyst firm Gartner, NOKIAís smartphone market share in 2007 was a dominant 49.4%. In subsequent years, it was 43.7%, then 41.1%, then 34.2%. In the first half of year 2013, it had plummeted to just 3%. Many blame this decline, at least in the initial stages, on effects, Symbian, the human capital firmís mobile operating system. It was, to paraphrase a welter of expert opinion, simply not up to sentence the job. They missed the importance of software, this was experts feeling. NOKIA make great phones, they still do. They went through this incredible decade of innovation in hardware, but what Apple saw was that all you needed was a rectangle with a screen, and the rest was all about the software. It took just a few years for NOKIA phones to go from being the must-have handset in your pocket, to being the long-forgotten handset, nestled in that eternal graveyard of the mobile phone Ė the kitchen drawer. So why would Microsoft spend ?4.6bn on a business that looks like itís on human, the way out? To use a romantic analogy: they were the euthanasia sentence only two left at the party who hadnít paired up with anyone.
They were left dancing together, and thought they might as well go home. This is the feeling of many of us following NOKIA. The above paragraphs are a simple attempt to establish that NOKIA owed its domination of the industry to its innovation culture. However, the complacency at NOKIA, wherein they focused too much about hanging onto human capital research its market share and essays, leadership position de-railed them from their main strength of human research creating new products and adopting innovative technologies to excite customers, made them loose their competitive advantages. Understanding Strategic Management.
The individual firms and the business environment in which firms exist, both are dynamic systems, endlessly in instability. It is a big challenge to attain a fit between both the systems. On of the reason of unstability for a firm is the parallel existance and guidelines paper, dynamics of its competitors specially those competitors which can provide exact substitutes. Strategic Management is all about human capital research paper achieving and upholding competitive advantages over such competitors. To understand the accepted essays strategic management of NOKIA both during its periods of rise and fall, it would be prudent first to human capital research understand strategies specially market-led and ucla accepted, resources based strategies. The development of worldwide homogenized marketplaces have opened up the opportunities for multinational organizations to market their standardized products and services all over the world, with identical strategies, that leads to lower costs and higher margins. This has generated an important discussion on the effects of the capital paper globalization trends on ucla accepted essays, company. Theodore Levitt (1983) followed the globalization of business and emphasizes the focuses on the technology as a driving force towards a converging commonality in proletarianized communication, transport and travel. The competitive strategy. There are hardly any cellular devices that only enable a phone conversation. New cellular devices are launched into the market with capability to collaborate information, exchange text messages, connect to corporate information sources etc..
Further, with globalizaton, almost everyone everywhere wants all the things they have heard about, seen, or experienced via the new technology (Levitt 1983:1). Thus, ďGlobalization of marketsĒ (Levitt 1983) is an expression which relates first to demand. Tastes, preferences and price are becoming increasingly universal in customer demands. Secondly, it relates to the supply side of the human research paper market. Products and services tend to become more standardized and effects, competition within industries reaches a worldwide scale. Thirdly, it relates to human capital the way organizations, mainly multinational companies, try to design their marketing policies and control systems. These efforts are done to retain its winner position in the global competition of global products, for global consumers. Michael E. Porter (1979) focuses on a different approach towards a competitive or differential advantage, by identifying the different competitive forces that exist within a competitive market. Knowledge of the underlying forces can shift a corporate focus on their collective strengths and identify the collective weaknesses. Organizations must increase its effort on how to ucla accepted essays influence the different forces in a corporate favor.
Porter also contributed with several books, which entitles organizations to human develop an approach to for writing paper gain strategic or differential advantages and identifying the organizations value chain. Planned and emergent approaches to strategic management. It is a subject of argument that strategy is deliberate and should be deliberately planned and capital, executed. Mental? Managers are always required to predict the future and to arrange plans to pursue an intended strategic result. In essence, this approach tends to emphasise long-term planning designed to achieve a Ďfití between an paper organisationís strategy, settings and its environment. However, heavily and profoundly structured planning is clearly inappropriate in times of rapid and unstable change. In addition, it is clearly evident that, in practice, many strategies simply emerge from a stream of decisions that are made, which is essay, better suited to dynamic and hyper competitive environments.
Thus, some people argued that organisations that limit themselves to acting on the basis of what is already acknowledged or understood will not be sufficiently innovative to create a sustainable competitive advantage. However, in practice, planning and human capital research paper, emergent approaches are both useful, they should not be seen as independent or mutually exclusive. A firm can always, but not fully, commit to detailed and coordinated long-term plans, while, simultaneously adapt itself flexibly and opportunistically to relating circumstances. That is, both planned and ucla accepted essays, emergent approaches are necessary, and if an paper organisation is to ucla essays succeed, then it is human research paper, really important for the managers to try and strike the best possible balance between the essay two. In backdrop of above, it would be interesting to mention that NOKIA had planned to capital research paper develop the set essay high-end mobile phone and invested heavily on its advanced products; meanwhile, the company also, as was earlier planned underwent an internal reorganisation aiming for the future sustainable growth. However, during the year 2003-2004, NOKIA suffered the fall in the mobile phone market. Since the human company then realised that the constitution still market was not yet ready for this new technology and human paper, operating system.
The company emergently then adjusted its strategy again, and designed five new models of the mobile phones to meet the ucla customerís needs; meanwhile, the company followed the simply market trends and human, cut the price of phones. Soon the annotate website essay company recaptured the loss in the market share. In addition, the company gradually changed its stand and started to cooperate with the mobile network operators. These emerging strategy changes showed that NOKIA no longer stuck to the strategies that were previously planned, while simultaneously adopted some emergent strategies in human capital research paper order to meet the customer needs and dynamic business environment. The Core Competence. Part of effects NOKIAís core competence was the human research knowledge and experience in the wireless, cellular and network services industry. NOKIA got recognization for focusing on superior products and services. Introducing new product modifications and technological enhancements was part of the for writing research companyís product leadership. Human Research Paper? With a wide range of products, NOKIA had applied products independently of technical standard or geographical location. NOKIA also participateed in several developing new global standards for ucla accepted essays future telecommunication needs and trends. Human Research? With its leading position as mobile phone manufacturer and supplier of digital mobile networks, NOKIAís participation in development of future technologies enabled and helped them to deliver excellent products.
The NOKIA products were mostly targeting to specific market segments. NOKIA was the first mobile phone manufacturer who adopted models for new ways of thinking into their marketing operations. The general management urged marketing managers to think of companies as repositories of thesis skills, rather than the portfolios of products. A marketing team observed the way that mobile phones were becoming fashion accessories. This unusual approach resulted in a superior product design and control of consumer segment. Research? NOKIA attached a unique value of trends, lifestyles, freedom, power, and technology among others, into their products. Market-led and Resource based approaches. Firms should try to adapt themselves to market developments and website essay, they should build on human capital, the strengths of their resource bases and activity systems. Annotate? Some people argue that an capital paper organisation needs to adapt itself to its environment. Managers should take the environment as the starting point, then they should choose an advantageous market position and then gradually set up the resource base and activity system necessary to apply this choice.
On the other hand, some argue that the organisation can adapt the environment to mental itself. Managers must take the organisationís resource base as the starting point and paper, select an environment to fit with its internal strengths. According to the first view, successful companies are externally oriented and market-driven and this view is referred to as Ďoutside-iní because of its focus on the environment The companies with this view take the environment as the starting point, set on developments in the market-place and adapt themselves to the external opportunities and threats encountered. They make use of the signals from customers and competitors for euthanasia thesis sentence deciding their game plan. The proponents of this market-driven approach tend to emphasize that an insight into markets and industries is essential.
They argue that not only the general structure of markets and research paper, industries need to be analyzed, but also specific demands, strengths, positions and intentions of all main forces need to be determined. As to relevant Porterís view this approach has spawned five forces, generic strategy and value chain frameworks. Many market-driven advocators suggest firms to initially lead market and industry to change, therefore, they can get the benefit from the altered rules of the game. Smirchich Stubbart agreed with this opinion, and pointed out that firms can, in part, create their environments through strategic alliances with stakeholders, investments in leading technologies, advertising and a variety of other activities. Lieberman and Montgomery argued that firms that are market-driven are always the first ones to recognize that new resources or activities need to be developed. So those firms are better positioned can benefit from the Ďfirst mover advantageí. More significantly, Market positioning is vital for research the companyís success. However, some argued that market positioning is vital, but it must take place within the boundaries set by the resource-driven strategy.
That is, the market position selected should fit the for writing paper organizationís resource base. So for human capital paper being successful, companies must firstly build up a strong internal resource base, and then on the basis of this they can access to unfolding market opportunities in the medium and short term. In essence, this Ďinside-outí approach assumes that competitive advantage depends upon the behavior of the organisation, rather than its competitive environment.The proponents of this approach also stressed on the importance of a firmís competences over its tangible resources. Strategists have referred to annotate website essay the basis of this strategy as Ďcompetence basedí or Ďcapabilities Ėbased.Collis and Montgomery pointed out that having core competencies can be a very attractive basis for competitive advantage, since rival firms normally takes a long time to catch up. Even if competitors are successful at identifying the competencies and imitating them, the company with an initial leading position can still upgrade its competencies and stay ahead. Therefore, Ďfor success, resources should be leading, and market followingí. In practice, it is found both positioning and resource deployment issues critical for creating a competitive advantage.
They argued that competitive advantage stems from the ability to align positional advantages and resource-based elements of strategy. Some other experts further suggest that the two approaches should be viewed as complementary, since organisations need to develop both internal and external focus to human paper develop knowledge-based core competences and market driven strategies sensitive to customer needs.Therefore, both approaches must be considered and balanced simultaneously in making the strategic choice. Application of market-led and resources led strategies at NOKIA. NOKIA was able to achieve a great success in the mobile phone industry because it aligned both the website essay strategies Ė market-driven strategy and resource based strategy during the process of human research its development. And once it failed to essays do so, the company immediately suffered the fall, lost market share and decreased sales revenue. But, when the company aligned these two approaches again, it recovered soon. Since those early days, NOKIA has evolved into a multinational encircling several industries. With the collapse of the USSR in 1990, NOKIA suffered the human research paper high pressure to survive in so many different areas. Based on the new market opportunity the company predicted in mobile phone industry and its internal strengths-advanced technology on mobile phone sector.NOKIA finally decided to focus on mobile phone industry. Soon NOKIA achieved the success in the mobile phone industry and became the largest mobile phone company in paper the world. Without the external threats, the new market opportunities and its internal strengths on the mobile phone sector, NOKIA may have not entered into the mobile phone industry at all.
Therefore, both internal and external factors influenced NOKIAís strategic choice simultaneously.The big success NOKIA quickly achieved in the mobile phone industry justified that the companyís choice was right, but this choice was made on the integration of market opportunities and NOKIAís internal strengths. A successful firm can develop the required potential to adopt or to shape the external environment, such as a new product, technological and research paper, market change. Over time, NOKIA felt the cardinality of the design in mobile phones. Moreover, they also realised that the phone would not be limited to just a communicating device role, but would also become fashion symbols. So further the company first broke explored the new ground and launched its fashionable and innovative handset -8210 instead of the previous bulky and brick sized device, the ucla company transformed the customer needs and research, led the market change. For NOKIA, this strategy not only earned the Ďfirst mover advantage and set essay, increased its market share, but also established a healthy brand name in the mobile phone industry and gained an extensive lead over competitors in this area. Furthermore, based on the different booming innovations from employees, such as text message, NOKIAís internal antennae design etc, NOKIA kept updating its capability and human capital research, gradually became the market leaders. Obviously, this change required both overall capability to produce the custom products, which is differentiate with the competitorís, and an outside-in capability for understanding the evolving requirements of customers and energizing the euthanasia thesis organization to human paper respond to them.
Meanwhile, it also implied that market-led strategy and essay effects of alcohol, resource-based strategy have a reciprocal relationship, indeed, they complement each other. Following these successes, NOKIA further solidified its market position based on its strong internal resource; meanwhile, companyís ability of sensitive of human capital research paper market trends lead the company to update its competence in a race to stay ahead. In the early 2000s, NOKIAís strategy changes further justifies the importance of the integration of these two approaches. NOKIA just concentrated on launching the high-end mobile phones and the complicated software tending to supply the technologically advanced products and exceed the for writing paper competitors, while paying less attention to other developments. Actually, at that time, the market was not ready for such devices. Eventually, the slow growth of customersí demand for the advanced mobile phone caused NOKIA to wait for the market. Thus, the companyís distinct competence on technologically advanced products did not improve its performance and bring the competitive advantage due to its failure to meet the customersí needs and paper, its blunt market sense. Since NOKIA realised what mistakes it had made, it soon adjusted the set essay strategy. Followed the market trends, NOKIA aggressively launched several new models of human capital phones in essay June 2004 based on its strong resource capability, meanwhile, reduced the price of the phone. The company quickly recaptured its market share and increased revenue.
The reason why the company recovered so soon was the ability that the company integrated again its inside-out capabilities and outside-in capabilities that matters. Based on the above analysis, marketing-led strategy and resource-based strategy both played key role in NOKIAís process of success. Indeed, these two approaches have a related and complementary relationship. The NOKIA in 2007, at time of launch of paper Iphone was an ucla essays innovative brand. Capital Research Paper? In 2007-08, in addition, based on NOKIAís internal resources and external business environment, an essay assessments were made about NOKIAís dominance in mobile phone industry through Porterís five forces (Porter, 1985, 1998) and Barneyís framework (Barney, 1991) as follows. Based on above, the following was envisaged: a) Threat of entry. Since Microsoft Corp had announced its decision to enter the mobile phones market, it was apprehanded thta it could bring the big threat to NOKIA. There were many other companies entering into this market So, NOKIA was anticipated to meet more intensive competition than before.
b) Threat of the human capital paper substitutes. There was no direct substitute in mobile phone industry, especially for NOKIAís highly advanced products. c) Bargaining power of suppliers. Since NOKIA was the market leader in the mobile phone sector, NOKIA was in ucla essays the strong position. So bargaining power of suppliers is less. d) Bargaining power of buyers. In handsets market, end users were not directly purchasing handset from NOKIA, instead they purchased from the capital service providers. Relevant Essay? Since the market became more sensitive to the price, NOKIA could meet the strong bargaining power from the buyers.
e) Rivalry among existing competitors. There was a very high competition in mobile phone industry. The competitors included Samsung, LG, Sony Ericcson and other new emerging manufactures. NOKIA SWOT analysis (2007-08) Internal analysis (Resource-based model) Strengths Ė NOKIA had advanced technology over capital paper, the competitors in the mobile phone industry Ė The market leadership in the mobile phone industry. Ė Strong brand value and research, image in the global market.
Ė Had its own manufacture and network. Ė Product innovation and human research paper, creation. Weaknesses Ė Complications in technology. Ė Few customized, operator-specific handset with less. Ė Few alliances, company sticked to its standing in the. market, did not want to euthanasia sentence cooperate with the operators.
OpportunitiesĖ The emerging market in developing countries, such as China, India. Ė The emerging market for high-end mobile phone such as business user phone. Threats Ė Facing more new competitors, especially from capital research paper, Asia. Ė Stronger buyer power from the network operators. Ė Lost market share. Ė Strong competition in mobile industry Ė The market becomes saturated. NOKIA PEST analysis (2007-08) Political factors were very importnat for NOKIA. Because NOKIA was selling its product globally. If governement changes their laws in terms of export import, the sales were bound to be affected. Any polictical harassement or political partyís threat could affect the makret of NOKIA. Political riots are great problems for any comany and same for guidelines paper NOKIA. For example in Egypt and human, Libya, there were ongoing a political rifts and sentence, the situation NOKIA company was forced to paper decrease its market in these areas.
The government bodies in the UK had introduced new laws into constitution still essay, the business environment which could affect the capital research paper business of guidelines for writing research NOKIA. Economical factors: Economical factors are very important for a company. NOKIAís market existed all around the world. The economic recession all the world had decreased the market of human capital research NOKIA in a wide range, especially in Europe and USA, where NOKIAís revenue got a big jolt. There were other things as well such as labor share to value added, where NOKIA consolidated rate was around 39.8% and with high rate of export duty. Environmental and Social Factors: Some un-ethical practices were against the law and companies can not be involved in tehm but there are also some practices that arenít illegal by law but are consdiered highly un-ethical by the conuming public, companies who engage in these parcticeís can lose a lot of mental essay market share.
In this context, it would be mentioned that NOKIA loosed their market in ASIA becuase China and India were demanding and producing their own mobile hand sets which were cheaper. So then Socio and Environmental factors were challange for NOKIA as ASIA was a giant market for NOKIA. Technological: In the capital paper communication market technology is annotate website, perhaps the most important factor that companies like NOKIA have to take into consideration. They had to keep up to date with all teh newest technological advances like, express music, smooth touch screen, unexpected memory and human capital paper, camera and motion capture phones, if they had to ucla accepted capture the biggest market share and stay ahead of their compatitors like Apple and HTC. NOKIAís standing in 2007-08based on SWOT, PEST and Porters Five Fource Analysis. Based on the above analysisí, it was well anticipated that NOKIA had the capital paper potential to relevant remain a major presence in the global mobile phone industry in the following years. Capital? However, considering that the mental set essay external mobile phone market environment as dynamic, NOKIA had lost its market share due to the misinterpretation of the market trends and human research, customer needs. But the market also presented to ucla essays bring the big potential opportunities to NOKIA, such as the market in developing countries, customized business user mobile phones and so on.
Moreover, the human paper most important of NOKIAís internal strengths, such as innovative products, economy of scale, could let it surpass the competitors and solidify its market leader position; Furthermore, NOKIA could benefit further from its strong brand name and company image. While the fall in 2004, to some degree, just reminded NOKIA of the need to overcome its complacency and arrogance and to be more sensitive to customer needs. Constitution Still Relevant? So, NOKIA could maintain its market leader position in the following year in the global mobile phone industry. In fact, NOKIAís market share in handset market had increased to research paper 40% in 2008. Further, because NOKIA had adopted the balanced various strategic approaches in its previous time, it gradually achieved the annotate essay market leader position. Since NOKIA lost the control to make sense the market trends and concentrated on its planned strategy, the research balance between the website different approaches also lost. Thus the companyís market share fell immediately. As NOKIA adjusted its strategy, aligned its internal strengths and external opportunities and balanced the emergent and planned strategies, the company recaptured its market share again. NOKIAís approach for developing appropriate strategies for future (2008 ahead) However, it was very clear from the above that NOKIA, to keep its leadership position in the industry need to human research address the follwoings:
Faced with the prospect of industry oversupply and increasing international competition in the mobile industry, it was sure that NOKIA will face more strategic choices. So, NOKIA needed more emergent and for writing research paper, planned strategies to respond to this dynamic global market based on the different business environment and situation. Capital? In this regard, they were required to guidelines strategically counter the paper entry of Apple I Phone to make its technology more effective to as that of Apple. The following exhibits show the change in NOKIAís share of market from 2008 to 2012 and year to annotate website essay year change in human capital research paper revenure of NOKIA from 2008 to 2009. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and accepted essays, order The rise and capital research, fall of nokia. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for The rise and fall of nokia. Nokia represent the level of manufacturing industry of Finland in the IT area. Several types of ucla essays Nokia mobile helped Nokia to open up the market.
Back to the old days,Ö The Problem Of Nokia Company. Nokia has a long history of successful change and innovation, adapting to human capital research shifts in markets and accepted essays, technologies. From its humble beginning with one paper mill, the company has participated inÖ Samsung Ė leader of capital smartphone. Samsung is a leader of smartphone market worldwide, but occupy the second position in theUS market after Apple Inc.
The both companies are reacting on business decisions and changingmarketing strategiesÖ Nokia information system. An information system is essay effects of alcohol, a set of human capital research paper formal procedures by which data is collected, processed into information and essay, distributed to users. A constant flow of information triggers the need forÖ The Rise and research, Fall of Iridium. Questions 1. Who was to blame for Iridiumís failure? Why? At what point could you have known Iridium would fail?
2. What is your evaluation of Iridiumís system design? WhatÖ Company Background #038; Product Analysis. 1.1 Briefly provide a background discussion on your company and their products/services. Identify which product you can have chosen to analyze and essay, why? What category of new product is it?Ö
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An Essay on human research paper, the Principle of Population. The following Essay owes its origin to a conversation with a friend, on the subject of Mr. Godwin's Essay, on avarice and profusion, in his Enquirer. The discussion, started the general question of the constitution, future improvement of society; and the Author at first sat down with an human paper, intention of merely stating his thoughts to his friend, upon paper, in a clearer manner than he thought he could do in conversation. But as the subject opened upon him, some ideas occurred, which he did not recollect to have met with before; and as he conceived, that every, the least light, on a topic so generally interesting, might be received with candour, he determined to relevant essay put his thoughts in human research paper a form for publication. The Essay might, undoubtedly, have been rendered much more complete by a collection of a greater number of constitution relevant, facts in elucidation of the general argument. Human Capital! But a long and almost total interruption, from very particular business, joined to a desire (perhaps imprudent) of not delaying the publication much beyond the time that he originally proposed, prevented the Author from giving to the subject an undivided attention. He presumes, however, that the facts which he has adduced, will be found, to form no inconsiderable evidence for the truth of his opinion respecting the future improvement of mankind. As the constitution still relevant, Author contemplates this opinion at human capital present, little more appears to him to be necessary than a plain statement, in addition to the most cursory view of society, to accepted establish it.
It is an obvious truth, which has been taken notice of by many writers, that population must always be kept down to the level of the means of subsistence; but no writer, that the Author recollects, has inquired particularly into the means by which this level is effected: and it is a view of these means, which forms, to his mind, the strongest obstacle in the way to any very great future improvement of society. Research Paper! He hopes it will appear that, in the discussion of this interesting subject, he is actuated solely by a love of truth; and not by any prejudices against any particular set of men, or of opinions. He professes to have read some of the speculations on the future improvement of society, in a temper very different from a wish to find them visionary; but he has not acquired that command over of alcohol, his understanding which would enable him to believe what he wishes, without evidence, or to refuse his assent to what might be unpleasing, when accompanied with evidence. The view which he has given of human life has a melancholy hue; but he feels conscious, that he has drawn these dark tints, from a conviction that they are really in the picture; and not from a jaundiced eye or an inherent spleen of disposition. The theory of mind which he has sketched in the two last chapters, accounts to his own understanding in a satisfactory manner, for the existence of most of the evils of human capital research paper, life; but whether it will have the same effect upon others, must be left to the judgement of website essay, his readers. If he should succeed in drawing the attention of human research paper, more able men, to what he conceives to be the principal difficulty in the way to the improvement of for writing paper, society, and should, in consequence, see this difficulty removed, even in theory, he will gladly retract his present opinions and rejoice in a conviction of his error. Question stated#x2014;Little prospect of a determination of it, from the enmity of the opposing parties#x2014;The principal argument against the perfectibility of man and human of society has never been fairly answered#x2014;Nature of the difficulty arising from population#x2014;Outline of the principal argument of the essay. Annotate Essay! The great and unlooked for discoveries that have taken place of late years in natural philosophy; the increasing diffusion of general knowledge from the human paper, extension of the art of printing; the ardent and unshackled spirit of inquiry that prevails throughout the lettered and even unlettered world; the essay effects of alcohol, new and extraordinary lights that have been thrown on political subjects, which dazzle, and astonish the understanding; and particularly that tremendous phenomenon in the political horizon the capital paper, French Revolution, which, like a blazing comet, seems destined either to annotate inspire with fresh life and vigour, or to scorch up and destroy the shrinking inhabitants of the earth, have all concurred to lead many able men into the opinion that we were touching on a period big with the most important changes, changes that would in some measure be decisive of the future fate of mankind. It has been said that the great question is now at issue, whether man shall henceforth start forwards with accelerated velocity towards illimitable, and hitherto unconceived improvement; or be condemned to a perpetual oscillation between happiness and misery, and after every effort remain still at an immeasurable distance from the wished-for goal. Yet, anxiously as every friend of mankind must look forwards to the termination of this painful suspense, and research paper eagerly as the inquiring mind would hail every ray of light that might assist its view into futurity, it is constitution relevant essay, much to be lamented that the writers on each side of this momentous question still keep far aloof from each other. Their mutual arguments do not meet with a candid examination.
The question is not brought to human research paper rest on fewer points; and even in theory scarcely seems to mental set essay be approaching to a decision. The advocate for the present order of things, is apt to treat the sect of speculative philosophers either as a set of artful and designing knaves, who preach up ardent benevolence, and draw captivating pictures of a happier state of society only the better to enable them to destroy the present establishments and to paper forward their own deep-laid schemes of ambition: or as wild and mad-headed enthusiasts whose silly speculations and absurd paradoxes, are not worthy the attention of annotate essay, any reasonable man. Human Paper! The advocate for the perfectibility of man, and of society, retorts on the defender of establishments a more than equal contempt. He brands him as the slave of the most miserable and narrow prejudices; or as the defender of the abuses of civil society only because he profits by them. He paints him either as a character who prostitutes his understanding to his interest; or as one whose powers of mind are not of of alcohol, a size to grasp any thing great and noble; who cannot see above five yards before him; and who must therefore be utterly unable to take in the views of the enlightened benefactor of mankind. In this unamicable contest, the cause of truth cannot but suffer. The really good arguments on each side of the question are not allowed to have their proper weight. Each pursues his own theory, little solicitous to correct, or improve it, by an attention to what is advanced by human capital research paper, his opponents.
The friend of the present order of things condemns all political speculations in the gross. He will not even condescend to examine the grounds from which the perfectibility of society is inferred. Much less will he give himself the trouble in a fair and candid manner to attempt an exposition of effects, their fallacy. The speculative philosopher equally offends against the cause of truth. With eyes fixed on a happier state of human capital, society, the blessings of which he paints in the most captivating colours, he allows himself to indulge in the most bitter invectives against every present establishment, without applying his talents to ucla consider the human, best and safest means of removing abuses and without seeming to be aware of the tremendous obstacles that threaten, even in theory, to oppose the progress of man towards perfection. It is an acknowledged truth in philosophy, that a just theory will always be confirmed by experiment. Yet so much friction, and so many minute circumstances occur in practice, which it is next to impossible for the most enlarged and penetrating mind to foresee, that on few subjects can any theory be pronounced just, that has not stood the test of experience. But an untried theory cannot fairly be advanced as probably, much less as just, till all the arguments against it have been maturely weighed, and clearly and consistently refuted.
I have read some of the speculations on annotate essay, the perfectibility of man and of society with great pleasure. I have been warmed and capital delighted with the enchanting picture which they hold forth. I ardently wish for such happy improvements. But I see great, and, to my understanding, unconquerable difficulties in ucla accepted essays the way to them. These difficulties it is my present purpose to human paper state; declaring, at the same time, that so far from exulting in still relevant them, as a cause of triumph over the friends of innovation, nothing would give me greater pleasure than to see them completely removed. The most important argument that I shall adduce is certainly not new. The principles on which it depends have been explained in part by human research, Hume, and more at large by Dr. Adam Smith. It has been advanced and constitution applied to the present subject, though not with its proper weight, or in the most forcible point of view, by Mr. Wallace, and it may probably have been stated by many writers that I have never met with.
I should certainly therefore not think of advancing it again, though I mean to place it in a point of view in human capital research some degree different from any that I have hitherto seen, if it had ever been fairly and satisfactorily answered. The cause of this neglect on the part of the mental essay, advocates for the perfectibility of human capital research, mankind, is guidelines research, not easily accounted for. Research! I cannot doubt the talents of such men as Godwin and Condorcet. I am unwilling to doubt their candour. To my understanding, and probably to that of most others, the difficulty appears insurmountable. Yet these men of acknowledged ability and penetration scarcely deign to notice it, and hold on their course in such speculations, with unabated ardour and set undiminished confidence. I have certainly no right to capital research paper say that they purposely shut their eyes to such arguments. I ought rather to doubt the validity of them, when neglected by such men, however forcibly their truth may strike my own mind. Yet in this respect it must be acknowledged that we are all of set essay, us too prone to capital research paper err. If I saw a glass of wine repeatedly presented to a man, and he took no notice of it, I should be apt to think that he was blind or uncivil.
A juster philosophy might teach me rather to think that my eyes deceived me, and that the offer was not really what I conceived it to be. In entering upon the argument I must premise that I put out of the question, at annotate website present, all mere conjectures; that is, all suppositions, the probable realization of which cannot be inferred upon any just philosophical grounds. Capital Research! A writer may tell me that he thinks man will ultimately become an ostrich. I cannot properly contradict him. But before he can expect to bring any reasonable person over to his opinion, he ought to shew that the necks of mankind have been gradually elongating; that the lips have grown harder and more prominent; that the legs and feet are daily altering their shape; and that the hair is essay, beginning to research paper change into stubs of feathers. And till the probability of so wonderful a conversion can be shewn, it is surely lost time and lost eloquence to expatiate on the happiness of essay effects of alcohol, man in such a state; to describe his powers, both of running and flying; to human capital research paper paint him in guidelines for writing a condition where all narrow luxuries would be contemned; where he would be employed only in capital research collecting the necessaries of life; and where, consequently, each man's share of labour would be light, and euthanasia thesis sentence his portion of leisure ample. I think I may fairly make two postulata.
First, That food is necessary to the existence of man. Secondly, That the passion between the sexes is necessary and will remain nearly in its present state. These two laws, ever since we have had any knowledge of mankind, appear to have been fixed laws of our nature; and, as we have not hitherto seen any alteration in human capital them, we have no right to conclude that they will ever cease to be what they now are, without an accepted essays, immediate act of power in that Being who first arranged the system of the universe; and for the advantage of his creatures, still executes, according to fixed laws, all its various operations. I do not know that any writer has supposed that on this earth man will ultimately be able to live without food. But Mr. Godwin has conjectured that the capital, passion between the sexes may in time be extinguished. As, however, he calls this part of his work a deviation into the land of conjecture, I will not dwell longer upon it at present than to say that the best arguments for the perfectibility of man, are drawn from a contemplation of the annotate website, great progress that he has already made from the savage state, and the difficulty of saying where he is to stop. But towards the human capital, extinction of the passion between the sexes, no progress whatever has hitherto been made.
It appears to effects of alcohol exist in as much force at present as it did two thousand or four thousand years ago. There are individual exceptions now as there always have been. But, as these exceptions do not appear to increase in human capital research number, it would surely be a very unphilosophical mode of arguing, to infer merely from the existence of an exception, that the exception would, in time, become the rule, and the rule the exception. Assuming then, my postulata as granted, I say, that the power of population is constitution still relevant, indefinitely greater than the power in capital research paper the earth to research produce subsistence for man. Population, when unchecked, increases in capital paper a geometrical ratio. Subsistence increases only in an arithmetical ratio. A slight acquaintance with numbers will shew the immensity of the first power in comparison of the second.
By that law of essays, our nature which makes food necessary to research the life of man, the annotate website, effects of these two unequal powers must be kept equal. This implies a strong and capital research paper constantly operating check on still, population from the difficulty of subsistence. This difficulty must fall somewhere; and must necessarily be severely felt by a large portion of mankind. Through the animal and vegetable kingdoms, nature has scattered the seeds of life abroad with the most profuse and liberal hand. She has been comparatively sparing in the room and the nourishment necessary to rear them. The germs of existence contained in this spot of capital research, earth, with ample food, and thesis ample room to expand in, would fill millions of worlds in paper the course of a few thousand years. Necessity, that imperious all pervading law of nature, restrains them within the prescribed bounds. The race of plants, and the race of animals shrink under this great restrictive law. And the race of man cannot, by any efforts of reason, escape from it. Annotate! Among plants and animals its effects are waste of seed, sickness, and premature death.
Among mankind, misery and vice. The former, misery, is an absolutely necessary consequence of it. Vice is a highly probable consequence, and we therefore see it abundantly prevail; but it ought not, perhaps, to be called an absolutely necessary consequence. The ordeal of virtue is to resist all temptation to evil. This natural inequality of the two powers of population, and capital research of production in the earth, and that great law of our nature which must constantly keep their effects equal, form the great difficulty that to me appears insurmountable in the way to the perfectibility of society. All other arguments are of slight and subordinate consideration in comparison of this. Annotate Website Essay! I see no way by capital research paper, which man can escape from the weight of this law which pervades all animated nature. No fancied equality, no agrarian regulations in their utmost extent, could remove the pressure of it even for a single century. And it appears, therefore, to be decisive against the possible existence of a society, all the members of which, should live in ease, happiness, and comparative leisure; and feel no anxiety about providing the means of subsistence for themselves and families. Consequently, if the premises are just, the argument is conclusive against guidelines research the perfectibility of the mass of mankind. I have thus sketched the general outline of the argument; but I will examine it more particularly; and I think it will be found that experience, the true source and foundation of all knowledge, invariably confirms its truth.
The different ratios in which population and food increase#x2014;The necessary effects of these different ratios of increase#x2014;Oscillation produced by them in the condition of the lower classes of society#x2014;Reasons why this oscillation has not been so much observed as might be expected#x2014;Three propositions on which the general argument of the essay depends#x2014;The different states in which mankind have been known to exist proposed to be examined with reference to these three propositions. I said that population, when unchecked, increased in human a geometrical ratio; and subsistence for man in an arithmetical ratio. Let us examine whether this position be just. I think it will be allowed, that no state has hitherto existed (at least that we have any account of) where the manners were so pure and simple, and the means of subsistence so abundant, that no check whatever has existed to early marriages; among the lower classes, from a fear of not providing well for their families; or among the higher classes, from a fear of lowering their condition in for writing life. Consequently in no state that we have yet known has the human research paper, power of population been left to exert itself with perfect freedom. Whether the law of marriage be instituted, or not, the dictate of nature and virtue, seems to be an early attachment to one woman. Supposing a liberty of changing in the case of an unfortunate choice, this liberty would not affect population till it arose to ucla accepted a height greatly vicious; and we are now supposing the existence of a society where vice is human capital paper, scarcely known.
In a state therefore of great equality and virtue, where pure and simple manners prevailed, and where the means of subsistence were so abundant, that no part of the society could have any fears about providing amply for a family, the power of population being left to exert itself unchecked, the increase of the human species would evidently be much greater than any increase that has been hitherto known. In the United States of America, where the means of subsistence have been more ample, the essay, manners of the people more pure, and consequently the checks to early marriages fewer, than in any of the research, modern states of annotate website, Europe, the capital research, population has been found to double itself in constitution still relevant essay twenty-five years. This ratio of increase, though short of the utmost power of population, yet as the result of actual experience, we will take as our rule; and say, That population, when unchecked, goes on doubling itself every twenty-five years or increases in a geometrical ratio. Let us now take any spot of earth, this Island for instance, and capital research paper see in what ratio the mental essay, subsistence it affords can be supposed to increase. We will begin with it under its present state of cultivation. If I allow that by the best possible policy, by breaking up more land and by human capital paper, great encouragements to agriculture, the produce of this Island may be doubled in the first twenty-five years, I think it will be allowing as much as any person can well demand. In the next twenty-five years, it is impossible to suppose that the produce could be quadrupled. It would be contrary to all our knowledge of the qualities of land. The very utmost that we can conceive, is, that the increase in the second twenty-five years might equal the present produce. Let us then take this for our rule, though certainly far beyond the truth; and allow that, by great exertion, the essay, whole produce of the Island might be increased every twenty-five years, by a quantity of subsistence equal to research paper what it at present produces.
The most enthusiastic speculator cannot suppose a greater increase than this. In a few centuries it would make every acre of land in the Island like a garden. Yet this ratio of increase is evidently arithmetical. It may be fairly said, therefore, that the means of subsistence increase in an arithmetical ratio. Let us now bring the effects of these two ratios together. The population of the Island is mental set, computed to be about seven Millions; and we will suppose the present produce equal to the support of such a number. In the first twenty-five years the population would be fourteen millions; and the food being also doubled, the capital, means of subsistence would be equal to this increase. In the next twenty-five years the population would be twenty-eight millions; and the means of subsistence only equal to the support of twenty-one millions.
In the next period, the annotate website essay, population would be fifty-six millions, and human capital paper the means of subsistence just sufficient for half that number. Mental! And at capital research paper the conclusion of the first century the population would be one hundred and twelve millions and the means of ucla accepted essays, subsistence only equal to the support of thirty-five millions; which would leave a population of seventy-seven millions totally unprovided for. A great emigration necessarily implies unhappiness of some kind or other in the country that is deserted. Research Paper! For few persons will leave their families, connections, friends, and native land, to seek a settlement in untried foreign climes, without some strong subsisting causes of uneasiness where they are, or the hope of some great advantages in the place to which they are going. But to make the annotate website, argument more general and less interrupted by the partial views of emigration, let us take the whole earth, instead of one spot, and suppose that the restraints to population were universally removed.
If the subsistence for human capital research man that the earth affords was to for writing research be increased every twenty-five years by a quantity equal to what the whole world at present produces; this would allow the power of production in capital paper the earth to be absolutely unlimited, and mental set its ratio of increase much greater than we can conceive that any possible exertions of mankind could make it. Taking the population of the world at any number, a thousand millions, for instance, the human species would increase in the ratio of#x2014;1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, c. and subsistence as#x2014;1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, c. Human Capital Research! In two centuries and a quarter, the population would be to the means of subsistence as 512 to 10: in three centuries as 4096 to mental set 13; and in two thousand years the difference would be almost incalculable, though the produce in that time would have increased to an immense extent. No limits whatever are placed to the productions of the earth; they may increase for ever and be greater than any assignable quantity; yet still the research paper, power of population being a power of a superior order, the annotate website, increase of the human species can only be kept commensurate to the increase of the means of subsistence, by the constant operation of the strong law of human capital research paper, necessity acting as a check upon the greater power. The effects of essay, this check remain now to be considered. Among plants and animals the view of the subject is capital research, simple. They are all impelled by a powerful instinct to the increase of their species; and relevant essay this instinct is interrupted by no reasoning, or doubts about providing for their offspring. Wherever therefore there is liberty, the power of increase is exerted; and the superabundant effects are repressed afterwards by want of room and nourishment, which is human paper, common to animals and plants; and among animals by constitution still relevant, becoming the prey of others. The effects of this check on man are more complicated. Impelled to the increase of his species by an equally powerful instinct, reason interrupts his career, and asks him whether he may not bring beings into the world, for whom he cannot provide the means of subsistence. Human Research Paper! In a state of equality, this would be the simple question. In the present state of society, other considerations occur.
Will he not lower his rank in life? Will he not subject himself to greater difficulties than he at present feels? Will he not be obliged to labour harder? and if he has a large family, will his utmost exertions enable him to support them? May he not see his offspring in rags and misery, and clamouring for essay of alcohol bread that he cannot give them? And may he not be reduced to the grating necessity of forfeiting his independence, and of being obliged to the sparing hand of charity for support? These considerations are calculated to prevent, and certainly do prevent, a very great number in all civilized nations from pursuing the dictate of human research, nature in an early attachment to one woman. And this restraint almost necessarily, though not absolutely so, produces vice. Yet in all societies, even those that are most vicious, the tendency to a virtuous attachment is so strong that there is a constant effort towards an increase of population.
This constant effort as constantly tends to subject the lower classes of the society to distress and to prevent any great permanent amelioration of their condition. The way in which these effects are produced seems to be this. We will suppose the means of subsistence in any country just equal to the easy support of its inhabitants. The constant effort towards population, which is found to act even in the most vicious societies, increases the effects, number of people before the means of subsistence are increased. The food therefore which before supported seven millions, must now be divided among seven millions and a half or eight millions.
The poor consequently must live much worse, and many of them be reduced to severe distress. Capital! The number of labourers also being above the proportion of the work in the market, the effects, price of human capital, labour must tend toward a decrease; while the price of essay of alcohol, provisions would at the same time tend to rise. The labourer therefore must work harder to earn the same as he did before. During this season of capital research paper, distress, the discouragements to marriage, and the difficulty of rearing a family are so great, that population is at a stand. In the mean time the website essay, cheapness of labour, the plenty of labourers, and capital research paper the necessity of an increased industry amongst them, encourage cultivators to employ more labour upon their land; to turn up fresh soil, and to manure and improve more completely what is accepted, already in tillage; till ultimately the means of human capital research, subsistence become in the same proportion to the population as at the period from essay, which we set out. Capital Research Paper! The situation of the labourer being then again tolerably comfortable, the restraints to population are in some degree loosened; and the same retrograde and progressive movements with respect to happiness are repeated. This sort of constitution relevant essay, oscillation will not be remarked by superficial Observers; and it may be difficult even for human capital research the most penetrating mind to calculate its periods. Sentence! Yet that in all old states some such vibration does exist; though from various transverse causes, in a much less marked, and in a much more irregular manner than I have described it, no reflecting man who considers the subject deeply can well doubt. Human Research Paper! Many reasons occur why this oscillation has been less obvious, and less decidedly confirmed by experience, than might naturally be expected. One principal reason is, that the histories of essays, mankind that we possess, are histories only of the higher classes. We have but few accounts that can be depended upon of the manners and customs of that part of mankind, where these retrograde and progressive movements chiefly take place.
A satisfactory history of this kind, of one people, and of one period, would require the constant and minute attention of an observing mind during a long life. Some of the objects of research, inquiry would be, in what proportion to the number of guidelines for writing, adults was the number of marriages: to what extent vicious customs prevailed in consequence of the restraints upon matrimony: what was the comparative mortality among the children of the most distressed part of the community, and those who lived rather more at human capital research their ease: what were the variations in the real price of labour: and what were the observable differences in the state of the lower classes of society with respect to ease and happiness, at sentence different times during a certain period. Such a history would tend greatly to human capital paper elucidate the manner in set essay which the constant check upon population acts; and research paper would probably prove the existence of the retrograde and progressive movements that have been mentioned; though the times of their vibrations must necessarily be rendered irregular, from the operation of constitution essay, many interrupting causes; such as, the introduction or failure of certain manufactures: a greater or less prevalent spirit of human research paper, agricultural enterprize: years of plenty, or years of scarcity: wars and pestilence: poor laws: the invention of processes for shortening labour without the proportional extension of the essay, market for the commodity: and, particularly, the difference between the nominal and research real price of labour; a circumstance, which has perhaps more than any other, contributed to conceal this oscillation from common view. It very rarely happens that the nominal price of annotate essay, labour universally falls; but we well know that it frequently remains the same, while the nominal price of provisions has been gradually increasing. Capital Paper! This is, in effect, a real fall in the price of labour; and during this period, the condition of the lower orders of the community must gradually grow worse and for writing research worse.
But the farmers and capitalists are growing rich from the real cheapness of human capital, labour. Their increased capitals enable them to employ a greater number of men. Work therefore may be plentiful; and the price of labour would consequently rise. But the want of freedom in the market of labour, which occurs more or less in all communities, either from parish laws, or the more general cause of the facility of combination among the rich, and thesis sentence its difficulty among the poor, operates to capital prevent the price of labour from rising at the natural period, and keeps it down some time longer; perhaps till a year of scarcity, when the clamour is too loud, and constitution still essay the necessity too apparent to be resisted. The true cause of the advance in the price of labour is thus Concealed; and the rich affect to grant it as an act of compassion and favour to the poor, in consideration of a year of scarcity; and when plenty returns, indulge themselves in the most unreasonable of human capital, all complaints, that the ucla accepted, price does not again fall; when a little reflection would shew them that it must have risen long before but from an unjust conspiracy of their own. But though the rich by unfair combinations, contribute frequently to research prolong a season of distress among the poor; yet no possible form of society could prevent the almost constant action of misery upon a great part of mankind, if in a state of inequality, and upon all, if all were equal. The theory on which the essay effects of alcohol, truth of this position depends appears to me so extremely clear; that I feel at a loss to conjecture what part of it can be denied. That population cannot increase without the means of human paper, Subsistence, is research, a proposition so evident, that it needs no illustration. That population does invariably increase, where there are the means of subsistence, the history of human capital paper, every people that have ever existed will abundantly prove.
And, that the superior power of population cannot be checked, without producing misery or vice, the guidelines for writing research, ample portion of human research paper, these too bitter ingredients in the cup of human life, and the continuance of the effects, physical causes that seem to have produced them, bear too convincing a testimony. But in paper order more fully to ascertain the mental essay, validity of these three propositions, let us examine the different states in which mankind have been known to exist. Even a cursory review will, I think, be sufficient to convince us, that these propositions are incontrovertible truths.
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Human Capital Theory Research Ö
Descriptive Essay On Fall Essays and Research Papers. How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to human capital paper create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and ucla accepted statistics but by using detailed observations and capital research paper descriptions. Set? What do you want to describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay , it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to describe. Paper? Often, a descriptive essay will focus on constitution essay, portraying one of.
Adjective , Creative writing , Essay 2299 Words | 7 Pages. ?How to Write a Descriptive Essay Descriptive essays are often subjective tasks. The first issue at . Human? hand is to make sure you know what type of paper you are writing. The descriptive essay is often creative, personal, or simply artistic. Effects Of Alcohol? Discuss the assignment with your professor or teacher before you begin. Even though your descriptive essay is more personal than a standard five-paragraph or compare-contrast essay , there is still quite a bit of homework to be done. Here is a list of important rules.
Emotion , Essay , Essays 1406 Words | 5 Pages. know anything about descriptive essays you should certainly look for descriptive essay examples, . which you can find online, as well as at Professays.com. Human Research? Why should you look for essay such examples? Those students with little writing experience can be somewhat puzzled by a descriptive essay . Human Research Paper? Thus, an essay example will offer much valuable information, regarding both essay form and essay contents. The first thing you can learn is descriptive essay topics. Then you can pay attention to essay structure and human capital outline.
Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 743 Words | 3 Pages. Chante Francisco Descriptive Essay - My Grandparentís House My most favorite place has always been my . grandparentís house. Ucla Accepted? This is the place I would have to go to before and capital research paper after school. I have always loved my grandparentís house because it made me feel safe and warm. There was a smell of coffee in the air at all times.
It seemed like all my grandmother did was make coffee. If I smell coffee, I instantly think of my grandparentís house. My grandparentís house . Collard greens , English-language films , Family 522 Words | 3 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to work it must capture and hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about euthanasia thesis sentence using words that appeal to your sense of smell, hearing, see, touch, and taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. ENC1101 Date: 9/17/2012 Assignment: Essay #2 - Descriptive Relaxation Destination Everybody has that one place.
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1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay My nose is accepted, overwhelmed with the smell of hairspray, baby powder, and a fruity perfume. There are too many . girls in here, all struggling and fighting for a space near the human capital research paper mirror that covers the entire back wall. Constitution? Itís dim in here, but itís a good kind of dim, almost calming. The only light is coming from the round vanity bulbs that line the top of the human capital research paper mirrors, making it so that the fluorescents donít impair what natural light reveals. I make my way to sentence the red lockers on the right.
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I remember. Automobile , English-language films , Mother 1134 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essay Draft Throughout our lives we meet many people. We impact others by our own actions every day. Sometimes . we impact them without even realizing it. And people will impact our lives and human capital research paper our hearts forever. You may just have a simple conversation with a stranger on mental set, a bus, and before you know it, both individuals have a changed perspective on something. Human Paper? Or perhaps youíve known the person your whole life and they have impacted you just as much or even more. Effects Of Alcohol? These influential people. 2008 albums , 2008 singles , Conversation 964 Words | 3 Pages.
?Icesus Holland Brenda White English 101 16 September 2013 Descriptive Essay The beach is one of the most beautiful . places in the world. Before visiting, I had only been to the four states, which is the human capital research paper stringy grassy fields, the forest of trees, the for writing research paper smelly white and black cows and pink curly tailed pigs. Human? See I had never seen any other states but Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. I love the ucla accepted essays picture in my head but it was nice to research paper finally see something different. When my boyfriend.
1996 albums , 2005 singles , Akira Kurosawa 1256 Words | 4 Pages. A Descriptive Essay Anticipation grows consistent with every step I take along the essay effects gritty concrete labyrinth. Beneath a . blazing sun, the smell of human capital, baked asphalt, sugary cola, and pretzel surround me. Essays? I follow the unpainted, gray chain fence that leads me forward. Human? Overhead the essay deafening whirl of metal and capital research paper screams briefly fill the hot air.
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The day approached all too soon. Essays? I was blown back. Cosmetics , English-language films , I Decided 917 Words | 3 Pages. Eric Zapata Descriptive Essay Prof. Paper? Carolyn Robinson 10/2/2012 Every Friday after school with the boys, we . would pick up our Dyno bikes and ride four blocks down to Tonyís pizzeria.
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Ballpoint pen , Foot , Fuck 1024 Words | 3 Pages. English 1301 Week 4 The Narrative Essay My First Flight The seasons are approaching in which families gather to research celebrate . Mental Set Essay? Thanksgiving and Christmas. This time of year does not carry the same feelings for me as they did when I was young. I am a military spouse and my husband has been away for most of our holidays. One peculiar Christmas I received the opportunity to spend the holiday with him this was my first flight experience. The morning of human research paper, my flight, I got up at 2 oíclock, said a prayer. Anxiety , Flight , Plane 1310 Words | 3 Pages. Cynthia Morris Ė Descriptive Essay There is a quote that says: Mothers are angels who teach their children how to fly. Effects Of Alcohol? . Indeed my mother was an angel who in my younger years I thought was sent here to torture me especially when I wanted to hang out with my friends instead of doing chores or homework. My mother was the pillar of strength, love, and compassion.
Mothers may be misunderstood but that doesnít mean they donít care or know better. My earliest memories of my mother, was her pretty. Anxiety , Family , Father 861 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay A Horrid Memory My sweaty palms ran through-out the thin strands of my hair as I tried to comfort . myself for just a single moment. I felt scared, almost terrified as the screams of my nightmare echoed in my ears and made my head throb.
Almost never did I have such vivid dreams, and when I did, I never remembered them the next day. Research Paper? Nevertheless, I don't think that I'll ever be able to guidelines for writing research make amends with my darkest memories and reliving situations that scarred my childhood. Laughter 865 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Capital Paper? Descriptive essay writing An essay is constitution still essay, a written composition of human capital paper, moderate length . exploring a particular issue or subject. Descriptive essays , derived from the word describe, is a genre of thesis sentence, essay that asks the student to describe somethingóobject, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. Writers use the human research descriptive essay to essay create a vivid picture of a person, place, or thing.
Unlike a narrative essay , which reveals meaning through a personal story, the. Emotion , Essay , Meaning of research, life 794 Words | 3 Pages. | Descriptive Essay | Rough draft | | Gatewood, Jasmine | 10/12/2012 | Myself: Person Hello kitty . Guidelines For Writing Paper? collection thing Homemade spaghetti food Downtown Dallas place Jasmine Gatewood English 0331.2 Ms. Fischel 10/12/12 Description Essay Downtown Dallas home of the dart and human the drug dealers on every corner, my friends and I used to visit regularly to have a nice chipotle dinner. When you are hear you cannot help but, visit the essay effects many food places, and cultural. Dallas , Dallas Area Rapid Transit , Dallas Ė Fort Worth Metroplex 1433 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay Hearts were racing, twelve to be exact, lungs were being constricted tighter and tighter with every second . that went by, joints were being pushed to their limits as their limbs stretched the farthest they could reach, and yet these twelve people were still able to ignore their injuries. All they revealed was happiness. There was no pain to be seen. Paper? No acknowledgement of misery because they all knew they only for writing had those two minutes and thirty seconds to human capital research paper give it their all.
Any sense. Pain , Split 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive essay example If you are having problems with writing of a descriptive essay you . should certainly look for thesis sentence a descriptive essay example (or even maybe several examples). Descriptive essays have their distinctive features and compulsory elements. A writer has to develop chosen topic in such a way, so that reader have no further questions on the issue. What are these issues?
These may be people, events, facts etc. Descriptive essay examples will certainly help aspiring writers compose. Emotion , Essay , Essays 738 Words | 3 Pages. ?Gina Broyles English 152 Lynne Goldsmith Descriptive Essay October 23, 2014 Let Me Tell Ya ĎBout My Best Friend Saige . Mackenzie Polk, a five foot girl with ten feet of attitude and sass. The girl that everyone knows and watches in human capital paper, awe as she struts down the hallways. Research Paper? Sheís the girl that succeeds with flying colors at human everything she attempts, and never has a thought of giving up until she feels it is good enough for essay not only herself, but every other person around. Human Capital Paper? Everything about euthanasia thesis sentence Saige is human paper, spectacular. 2005 singles , 2006 albums , Friendship 976 Words | 4 Pages.
Chandell Gabler English 099-22-Intro to College Writing 9:05-10:15 am Professor Braxton-Robinson/Professor Sheffield Assignment: Write a . Descriptive Essay describing a storm you have witnessed. The storm I witnessed was Hurricane Sandy. Sentence? When I first heard of the hurricane I thought it wouldn't be as bad as some people were prediciting, but as the storm approached I certainly changed my mind. As we sat in the house it became very real how bad the storm was going to be. It was scary to.
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor , Denzel Washington , Paterson, New Jersey 971 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anh Phan ENG 099 7248795 Descriptive Essay Grandmother, the human capital inspiration of constitution still relevant, my life I still remember every picture . and actions of human, my grandmother, a woman who loves me and sacrifices for me and guidelines paper my father most. My father grew up in paper, the north of Vietnam, and my mom and my family in the south of Vietnam. Mental? For the disadvantages of research, long distance, I could not visit my grandmother and for writing research grandfather regularly. Human Capital Research? Fortunately, in mental, Tet Holiday in Vietnam when I was 7 years old, my parents took me to visit. A Big Family , Family , Grandparent 964 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay As I walked through the cold, lonely streets of Aberdeen, I decided to take a shortcut home. Making a sharp . right, I was headed down an alleyway, which was dark and sinister. Mist was slowly rising upward from the ground, which appeared yellowish from the capital reflection of euthanasia thesis sentence, one sole, dim, flickering light, almost at human research paper the point of burning out.
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With flowers and butterflies. 2007 singles , Caesarean section , English-language films 2924 Words | 6 Pages. River Waterfalls Dunnís River Waterfalls is one of the best known attractions in Jamaica. Set? Each year, thousands of locals and tourists travel to the . falls to human capital research paper experience its many pleasures. I enjoyed the waterfall, sun, food, the water activities that took place, spending time with family and friends, and still relevant the local vendors. The water at Dunnís River Falls was crystal clear, fresh, and mesmerizing; it was an enchanting event on every visit.
The cascading water roared down the capital layered steps. The water. Culture of Jamaica , Curry , Jamaica 905 Words | 3 Pages. English Description Essay In this essay I will describe something in my home; I have chosen to describe a Cheez-It box. Mental? . Human Capital Research Paper? Many people own Cheez-It snacks in their homes. The color of the Cheez-It box is red, white, orange, yellow, and black. The front of the box has a big label reading Cheez-It. Above the guidelines for writing research label it shows the companyís name which is Sunshine. It has a picture of a little fat chef on capital, the left of the mental company sunshineís name. Directly underneath the Cheez-It label it declares. Cheddar cheese , Cheese , Cheez-It 961 Words | 3 Pages. Writing Handout E-7: Descriptive Essay Structuring a Descriptive Essay A . descriptive essay simply describes something or someone by appealing to the readerís senses: sight, sound, touch, smell and taste.
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The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. Africa , Benin , Niger 1819 Words | 8 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of writing style . they think is capital paper, more superior to website another, I believe descriptive writing to be more excellent writing style then narrative. I can tell you that there are a few similarities and a few differences between the two. Research Paper? I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. College Writing 2 October 2012 Descriptive Essay A compact two-door car might not mean a lot to someone, but to guidelines for writing paper me, working . and improving my car is my favorite thing to capital research do. When I am not inside my house or hanging out with my friends, youíll be sure to find me working or cleaning my car. For most people, leaving their car stock is passable for their needs, but to me itís not.
My car is annotate website, modified which makes it one of a kind. My car consists of its exterior, interior, and performance level. Automobile , Color , Headlamp 2139 Words | 5 Pages. lift the latch but it doesn't budge. I try again, still nothing.
The latch seems to be rusted shut as if it were a sign not to enter the premises. Then I . push up putting all my weight into it. The latch soars up; the gate flies open. Consequently I fall to human the muddy ground. Thesis Sentence? After I stand up and capital research brush some leaves and ucla accepted essays dirt off of myself I proceed into the yard through the capital research creaky gate. On either side of the front door stand cement gargoyles slightly coated with moss.
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underneath them. I should never have ever lifted those rags, but at website essay the time curiosityís grasp was too strong to resist. The site and stench of a dead rodent . Capital Research? once concealed by the rags overwhelmed my senses. My body involuntarily jerked, causing me to fall backwards and scurry away from the scene. Even after seeing this, my desire to solve the mystery of the ucla accepted essays light was not satisfied, it craved an human capital research paper, answer.
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Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. Essay? The narrative essay ďI Want a WifeĒ is more compelling than the descriptive essay ďHomelessĒ because the narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the reader in. ďNarration is storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. ?THINGS TO BE GIVEN IMPORTANCE IN A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IDENTIFICATION OF THE THINGS TO BE DESCRIBED Descriptive . essay focuses on human, a person, place, memory, experience or an object.
First, the exact thing that is to be described must be identified. Constitution Essay? REASON FOR WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY There will be particular reason for writing this kind of essay . That reason will help the research writer focus his description and effects of alcohol imbue his language with a particular perspective or emotion. Capital? FOCUS ON THE FIVE SENSES Focusing. Essay , Essays , Five senses 1217 Words | 3 Pages. much of the descriptive elements in your essay . Constitution Still Relevant Essay? * 5 Determine what you want the reader to feel about what you are writing. Capital Paper? . What kind of words or images can convey this feeling? * Use a lot of adjectives. They're the describing words. Ucla Accepted Essays? * * 6 Make sure there is enough detail in your essay to create a mental image for the reader. * Visualize the occasion or memory in your mind and describe. More than many other types of capital research, essays , descriptive essays strive to annotate website essay create. Emotion , Essay , Feeling 910 Words | 4 Pages.
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Essay , Essays , Exposition 1903 Words | 6 Pages. ?English 101: Portfolio _______- __________________ Essay Cover Sheet Instructor Student Identification Prefix Number Please . type or print. What was the writing assignment? (Use your teacherís words or attach the assignment.) Assignment- Descriptive Essay The idea here is to find a place that has a function then decide whether or not it serves its purpose. The main idea should center on essay of alcohol, how well the place works relative to its intended function. The description must be. Essay , Essays , Garden 731 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles . that provides a detailed description for human paper a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Essay? Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and human capital paper taste.
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Disneyland Park , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1689 Words | 7 Pages. Essay : Things Fall Apart Vincent Ruelle English Honors 2nde Two completely different cultures and human research ways of constitution, life are brought . together in Chinua Achebeís Things Fall Apart. The 1959 novel tells the story of Okonkwo, his village, and his people, The Ibo. The reader learns much about human research Ibo culture and thesis traditions, but also about British imperialism and how it destroys a unique and irreplaceable way of life. Things Fall Apart recreates the conflict between European and human capital research paper Ibo cultures by focusing on the. British Empire , Chinua Achebe , Christianity 1079 Words | 3 Pages. Derrick Phillips 4/10/13 APLIT B-3 THINGS FALL APART ESSAY Things . Fall Apart, a pivoting novel written by Nigerian native Chinua Achebe. The novel is set in Nigeria, Africa, and encompasses the adversity of a once prosperous village leader known as Okonkwo, and the Igbo people.
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