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brutus essay xi The nature and help, extent of the joad essay, judicial power of the university carolina, United States, proposed to be granted by writing uwo this constitution, claims our particular attention. This government is a complete system, not only for making, but for doctoral dissertation university of south carolina executing laws. And the writing help center uwo, courts of law, which will be constituted by dissertation help university of south it, are not only to joad essay decide upon the constitution and the laws made in pursuance of it, but by officers subordinate to them to execute all their decisions. The real effect of this system of government, will therefore be brought home to the feelings of the people, through the doctoral dissertation help university of south, medium of the judicial power. It is, moreover, of great importance, to examine with care the nature and extent of the judicial power, because those who are to be vested with it, are to be placed in dissertation cpe 2006 a situation altogether unprecedented in a free country.
They are to be rendered totally independent, both of the people and the legislature, both with respect to their offices and doctoral help university, salaries. No errors they may commit can be corrected by any power above them, if any such power there be, nor can they be removed from office for making ever so many erroneous adjudications. They will give the sense of every article of the constitution, that may from time to time come before them. And in their decisions they will not confine themselves to any fixed or established rules, but will determine, according to what appears to them, the reason and spirit of the constitution. The opinions of the supreme court, whatever they may be, will have the force of law; because there is no power provided in the constitution, that can correct their errors, or control their adjudications. From this court there is no appeal. And I conceive the legislature themselves, cannot set aside a judgment of this court, because they are authorized by the constitution to decide in writing uwo the last resort. The legislature must be controlled by the constitution, and not the constitution by them. They have therefore no more right to set aside any judgment pronounced upon the construction of the constitution, than they have to university of south carolina take from the president, the chief command of the army and navy, and commit it to some other person. The reason is on importance culture, plain; the judicial and executive derive their authority from the same source, that the legislature do theirs; and therefore in all cases, where the constitution does not make the university, one responsible to, or controllable by the other, they are altogether independent of each other. The judicial power will operate to effect, in the most certain, but yet silent and imperceptible manner, what is evidently the essay culture, tendency of the constitution: #8212; I mean, an entire subversion of the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the doctoral help of south, individual states.
Every adjudication of the supreme court, on dissertation cpe 2006, any question that may arise upon the nature and extent of the general government, will affect the limits of the state jurisdiction. In proportion as the former enlarge the exercise of their powers, will that of the latter be restricted. That the judicial power of the United States, will lean strongly in favor of the general government, and will give such an dissertation help, explanation to the constitution, as will favor an extension of its jurisdiction, is very evident from a variety of considerations. 1st. The constitution itself strongly countenances such a mode of construction. Most of the articles in this system, which convey powers of any considerable importance, are conceived in general and indefinite terms, which are either equivocal, ambiguous, or which require long definitions to unfold the extent of their meaning. The two most important powers committed to any government, those of raising money, and english essay, of raising and doctoral university, keeping up troops, have already been considered, and shown to be unlimited by any thing but the discretion of the legislature. Help Service! The clause which vests the power to pass all laws which are proper and necessary, to carry the powers given into execution, it has been shown, leaves the legislature at liberty, to do every thing, which in their judgment is best. . First. Dissertation Carolina! Let us enquire how the judicial power will effect an extension of the legislative authority. But it is easy to 101 persuasive see, that in their adjudications they may establish certain principles, which being received by the legislature, will enlarge the sphere of their power beyond all bounds. To discover the spirit of the constitution, it is of the first importance to dissertation attend to the principal ends and designs it has in view.
These are expressed in the preamble, in the following words, viz. Dissertation Cpe 2006! We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution, etc. Doctoral Dissertation University Of South Carolina! If the end of the government is to be learned from these words, which are clearly designed to joad essay declare it, it is obvious it has in view every object which is embraced by any government. If it be further considered, that . the great end of the constitution, if it is to be collected from the preamble, in which its end is declared, is to constitute a government which is to extend to every case for which any government is doctoral dissertation, instituted, whether external or internal. The courts, therefore, will establish this as a principle in expounding the constitution, and will give every part of it such an explanation, as will give latitude to every department under it, to take cognizance of every matter, not only that affects the general and national concerns of the union, but also of such as relate to the administration of private justice, and to regulating the internal and local affairs of the different partst. Any person, who will peruse the 8th section with attention, in which most of the powers are enumerated, will perceive that they either expressly or by implication extend to almost every thing about which any legislative power can be employed.
But if this equitable mode of construction is applied to center this part of the constitution; nothing can stand before it. This will certainly give the first clause in doctoral dissertation help of south that article a construction which I confess I think the most natural and grammatical one, to authorize the dissertation service singapore, Congress to do any thing which in their judgment will tend to provide for doctoral university carolina the general welfare, and this amounts to the same thing as general and unlimited powers of legislation in all cases#8230;. . I have said that the judges under this system will be independent in the strict sense of the word: To prove this I will shew #8212; That there is no power above them that can controul their decisions, or correct their errors. There is no authority that can remove them from office for any errors or want of capacity, or lower their salaries, and in english many cases their power is superior to that of the legislature. Doctoral Carolina! 1st. There is no power above them that can correct their errors or controul their decisions #8212; The adjudications of this court are final and irreversible, for there is no court above them to dissertation cpe 2006 which appeals can lie, either in error or on dissertation, the merits. #8212; In this respect it differs from the courts in England, for there the dissertation service singapore, house of lords is the highest court, to whom appeals, in dissertation help university carolina error, are carried from the highest of the courts of law. 2d. They cannot be removed from office or suffer a dimunition of their salaries, for any error in judgement or want of capacity. It is expressly declared by the constitution, #8212; That they shall at stated times receive a compensation for their services which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
The only clause in the constitution which provides for the removal of the judges from office, is that which declares, that the president, vice-president, and all civil officers of the dissertation service, United States, shall be removed from office, on doctoral dissertation help university of south carolina, impeachment for, and joad essay, conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. By this paragraph, civil officers, in which the judges are included, are removable only for crimes. Treason and help university, bribery are named, and the rest are included under the writing center uwo, general terms of high crimes and misdemeanors. University Of South Carolina! #8212; Errors in judgement, or want of capacity to discharge the dissertation cpe 2006, duties of the office, can never be supposed to be included in these words, high crimes and misdemeanors . A man may mistake a case in giving judgment, or manifest that he is dissertation carolina, incompetent to the discharge of the duties of a judge, and yet give no evidence of corruption or want of integrity. To support the charge, it will be necessary to give in writing help center uwo evidence some facts that will shew, that the judges commited the error from wicked and corrupt motives. 3d. The power of this court is in many cases superior to that of the legislature.
I have shewed, in a former paper, that this court will be authorised to decide upon the meaning of the constitution, and that, not only according to the natural and ob[vious] meaning of the words, but also according to doctoral dissertation help university of south carolina the spirit and intention of it. In the exercise of this power they will not be subordinate to, but above the legislature. Dissertation Singapore! For all the departments of this government will receive their powers, so far as they are expressed in the constitution, from the people immediately, who are the source of power. The legislature can only exercise such powers as are given them by the constitution, they cannot assume any of the rights annexed to the judicial, for doctoral help university this plain reason, that the same authority which vested the legislature with their powers, vested the judicial with theirs #8212; both are derived from the same source, both therefore are equally valid, and the judicial hold their powers independently of the legislature, as the legislature do of the judicial. #8212; The supreme court then have a right, independent of the dissertation, legislature, to give a construction to the constitution and every part of it, and there is help university of south, no power provided in this system to correct their construction or do it away. If, therefore, the legislature pass any laws, inconsistent with the sense the judges put upon the constitution, they will declare it void; and therefore in this respect their power is superior to that of the legislature#8230;.
The judges are supreme #8212; and no law, explanatory of the constitution, will be binding on them. A constitution is a compact of a people with their rulers; if the rulers break the compact, the people have a right and ought to remove them and do themselves justice; but in order to on lord vs savagery enable them to do this with the greater facility, those whom the people chuse at stated periods, should have the power in the last resort to determine the sense of the compact; if they determine contrary to the understanding of the people, an appeal will lie to the people at dissertation of south carolina, the period when the rulers are to on lord of the flies civilization be elected, and they will have it in their power to remedy the help of south carolina, evil; but when this power is writing, lodged in the hands of men independent of the doctoral help of south carolina, people, and of their representatives, and who are not, constitutionally, accountable for their opinions, no way is left to controul them but with a high hand and an outstretched arm .
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Jungle Trekking Essays Essays and Research Papers. the immigrants expected. Many immigrants expected America to be very nice and clean, with extremely kind people and exceptional job opportunities. Doctoral University Carolina? When they . arrived, they found America to be completely different from what they had envisioned. In The Jungle , Lithuanian immigrants One and flies civilization Jurgis travel to doctoral university of south, America with their families to havfe their wedding and find work.
At their wedding they encounter the first of many unpleasant U.S. citizens. The saloon owner gives them a keg of beer from a different. Human migration , Immigration , Immigration to the United States 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Bio 102 B 02/27/13 Into the Jungle Ch.7 Miss Latimer’s Discovery In the Chapter 7 of Into the Jungle by Sean B. Carroll, . the author explored the discovery of a fish thought to have been extinct for millions of service singapore, years, which was discovered by pure happenstance. Miss Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer discovered a “living fossil”, the sea - coelacanth fish, which was from a species hundreds of doctoral dissertation university of south carolina, millions of dissertation cpe 2006, years old.
The fish was discovered based on instinct and doctoral of south feeling of Miss. Latimer, and it was interesting. Charles Darwin , Coelacanth , DNA 1003 Words | 2 Pages. The Jungle Throughout Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle , the inhumane and disgusting treatment the working men and essays flies women . Doctoral Dissertation Help Of South Carolina? was shown to dissertation, the eyes of the dissertation help of south American people. Although what the book is most recognized for is creating the Pure Food and Drug Act, an act that gave consumers protection from dangerous and impure foods, the many various horrors the lower working class had to go through was something that deserved more recognition. Writing Center? Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle , gives an insight on. Foot , Meat packing industry , Social class 1529 Words | 4 Pages. Jungle Trekking ?????? After the UEC examination, we [had had enough of / were tired of / were sick of help, ??] studying and books, . [so / therefore / thus ??] we decided to [go camping / go for service, a camping trip]. It [should be / was supposed to dissertation, be ???] [an enjoyable / a pleasant ??] two-day camping trip. [However / Yet / Nevertheless], never did we [expect ??/ imagine ??] that, it [had become / turned out to essay of indian, be ???] a nightmarish [incident / affair].
We equipped ourselves with the necessary camping. Back to the Future , Campfire , Camping 691 Words | 2 Pages. THE JUNGLE : Essay In the year of carolina, 1906 Upton Sinclair published a book called THE JUNGLE , which takes place in . Essays On Lord Of The Civilization? Chicago. In Sinclair’s book THE JUNGLE Sinclair uses many different ways to dissertation help carolina, persuade Americans to turn to socialism. Socialism is dissertation any various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the of south carolina means of production and distribution of joad essay, goods. In other words socialism is when everyone has to combine the dissertation help university of south money that they’ve earned then. Capitalism , Employment , Laborer 951 Words | 3 Pages. Running Head: THE JUNGLE The Jungle [Writer Name] [Institute Name] The Jungle Thesis Statement In this . Essays On Lord Flies? novel Upton Sinclair shows the problems of working class people. Dissertation Help University Of South? His believe in and contempt for help service singapore, capitalism as described in this story “The Jungle ”. The writer explains capitalism in which the university of south labor communities were treated very badly and to survive in the conditions of poverty. The novel rotates around the family of a character Jurgis Rudkus who have immigrated to english 101 persuasive, America from Lithuania.
Capitalism , Chicago , Marxism 1974 Words | 6 Pages. The Jungle Review The Jungle is a perfect example of an doctoral dissertation help of south, effective form of muckraking journalism that affected the masses and . catalyzed the reform movements of the Progressive Era. The Jungle written by Upton Sinclair was a story that not only focused on the unfortunate life of joad essay, a Lithuanian family headed by doctoral help university of south, a man named Jurgis, searching for the American dream, but also the corruption and reform attempts of the Chicago government and Packingtown. Even though Sinclair discusses the joad essay corruption, bribery. Capitalism , Karl Marx , Marxism 1371 Words | 4 Pages. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair gives an in depth look at university of south the lives of immigrant workers here in America and the quality of the meat consumed by . Americans. English 101 Persuasive? Quality so poor that the Pure Food and Drug Act was created as a result. The audience tend to help carolina, focus purely on the unsanitary conditions instead of the real problem. The true problem is the hardships faced by the workers and their families who depend on meat industry to keep them alive. It almost seems as if Sinclair doesn’t want the focus on the.
Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1403 Words | 4 Pages. During the late 1800s and early 1900s hundreds of thousands of European immigrants migrated to the United States of America. Joad Essay? The book The . Jungle written by Upton Sinclair focuses on doctoral dissertation help of south carolina the meat packing industry and joad essay the hardships and obstacles the immigrants faced. This book had an amazing impact as it publicly exposed the realization of the horrendous work and unsanitary conditions in the meat packing industry that lead to the passage of the help university of south carolina Pure Food and Drug act of 1906. The Pure Food and Drug Act. Food , Meat Inspection Act , Meat packing industry 1484 Words | 4 Pages. without restriction. Capitalism ran unchecked and all business decisions were driven by profit. This led to joad essay, conditions that affected workers and consumers. . The novel The Jungle by Upton Sinclair led to changes in business regulation by displaying how factories compromised the health and safety of its workers and dissertation help university of south carolina the public. The Jungle was written as a socialist commentary to the inhumane conditions suffered by dissertation cpe 2006, many of the urban poor struggling to survive after the doctoral of south 1890s depression. Sinclair used the.
Capitalism , Factory , Federal government of the United States 1018 Words | 5 Pages. ? What societal reforms did the novel, The Jungle , purpose? What governmental reforms did the english 101 persuasive essay novel call for? Do you think The . Dissertation Help University Of South Carolina? Jungle was effective in bringing about societal and governmental reform? The Jungle , a largely informative, eye-opening novel written by Upton Sinclair, tells the horrible truths about life in help center uwo Chicago and doctoral university of south America in general in cpe 2006 the early twentieth century.
Sinclair wrote this famous piece with the doctoral help university of south carolina hopes of educating the public on singapore the struggles faced by help of south, the average American. Federal government of the United States , Government , Muckraker 1194 Words | 3 Pages. The Jungle During the late 1800's and early 1900's hundreds thousands of European immigrants migrated to the United States of help, America. They . had dreams of success, prosperity and their own conception of the American Dream. The majority of the immigrants believed that their lives would completely change for the better and the new world would bring nothing but happiness. Advertisements that appeared in Europe offered a bright future and economic stability to these naive and help university of south carolina hopeful people.
Jobs. Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1034 Words | 3 Pages. The Jungle by: Upton Sinclair In the book “The Jungle ” by short essay on importance culture, Upton Sinclair the author gives a critique of the early twentieth . century labor practices in the growing cities of the United States. It gives people an opportunity to see all the factors that were going on not only in the meatpacking industry, but also the way working people lived and all the challenges that they had to overcome to just be able to survive. It also shows how the working conditions are in doctoral dissertation help the city of Chicago. It shows how. Armour and Company , Chicago , Democratic Party 1072 Words | 3 Pages. Kristan Vanderhost English 102-027 A Path To Perseverance The . English Essay? Jungle , written by: Upton Sinclair, looks under the microscope at the deplorable conditions under which the people who lived and worked at Chicago's Union Stockyards were subjected to. along with the impact those conditions had on an emigrant family from Eastern Europe. Its plot takes in the Packingtown district. Dissertation Help Of South? During the early 20th Century the essays civilization migration. Immigration to doctoral dissertation help carolina, the United States 1429 Words | 4 Pages.
now this sudden horrible discover, Marija a whore and Elibieta and the children living off her shame!” 259 | When the short essay on importance character comes to a realization so . Dissertation Help Of South? does the essays on lord of the flies civilization reader | Exclamation | Jurgis had come in conflict with one of the creatures of the jungle whose powers were much greater then his own and he has been worsted in the combat to drag himself away” 260 | This puts an idea in at the vantage point of jurgis which allows the dissertation help university reader to feel what he is feeling | Alliteration | “I cannot rest. Meat , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 2182 Words | 6 Pages. Justine Saldana POLS 2314.07 11/23/12 The Jungle By: Upton Sinclair Ona and Jurgis are getting married and they live in on lord Chicago. They . live in Packington which is dissertation of south carolina a city known for their meat packing industry, while there they see pins filled with different types of livestock. Tuberculosis is a common disease that is going around during this time, and essays flies civilization vs savagery some of the animals are skipped from doctoral university of south inspection and dissertation continue on into the help university of south meat process with this disease. Jurgis is joad essay employed in the meat packing. Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1166 Words | 3 Pages. Trekking Trekking routes are found in doctoral dissertation university of south carolina the world’s best destinations and are located in help service places you cannot reach any other way, as . they are off the doctoral dissertation help of south beaten track. Trekking routes are global but the main factor is the writing center mountains and therefore the landscape is the key feature here.
In America, The Rockies of Canada and USA have many trekking routes also including the wilderness of Alaska and Andes mountains with the added interest of Machu Picchu. Asia also has routes in doctoral dissertation university carolina Himalayan regions of Nepal and. Africa , Algeria , Inca 1310 Words | 4 Pages. Advantages and Disadvantages of essay on importance, Jungle Trekking. about one and dissertation university of south carolina half hour from town city.
This place is dissertation suitable for tourist that love about the nature and likes the relaxing places for keep their mind free. . At this place is dissertation help university carolina not just one activity that can we do, the cpe 2006 other activity is we can do is jungle tracking go through the forest to enjoy the natural flora and fauna. The residents of the village is majority is dissertation help of south Bidayuh. Help Center? This race is still maintaining their culture, customs and their daily routine from generation to generation since time immemorial. Florida , Mexico , Tourism 377 Words | 2 Pages. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is a truly astonishing piece of help university of south carolina, literature. It's no doubt that this book is certainly the most eye-opening from . all of dissertation, Sinclair's works, simply because of the of south carolina enormous impact it had on the meatpacking industry. Culture? Sinclair mainly focused on dissertation university his point of help uwo, how meat was very poorly packaged and prepared in help of south carolina factories, versus stating the overall importance of essays civilization vs savagery, living a socialistic, collective society. The book is set in the early 1900s in Chicago. Many people from various countries. Capitalism , Meat packing industry , Meatpacking 765 Words | 2 Pages.
upon its release, Upton Sinclair's The Jungle was received with much criticism. Journalists consistently attacked the work’s style, gruesome . Doctoral Dissertation? images, and lack of the writing help sturdy elements of typical literature. One essay states that The Jungle was considered “propaganda or muckraking--no more and no less” (Wosowski), the author also adding that the “form of the novel was to doctoral dissertation university of south carolina, promote [Sinclair’s] political agenda at the loss of his art” (Wosowski). Yet, The Jungle still seemed to english essay, manage to scourge itself. Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1779 Words | 5 Pages. Jungles are overgrown with wild tangles of doctoral help carolina, vegetation and dense forest.
Jungles and rainforests are similar, but while . rainforests have thick canopies of tall trees that block out light, jungles allow more light in, making it easier for 101 persuasive, plants to grow. The extra light creates dense areas of doctoral help university carolina, plants and vegetation that can be difficult to navigate. Jungles are often found surrounding rainforests. Jungles are home to a wide range of plants and animals. Short On Importance Of Indian? Over half of the world's species. Akela , Mowgli , Rainforest 628 Words | 4 Pages. Bryan Kent Miss Myers Honors English III 2 June 2012 Final Essay The Jungle Nature and economics move in similar . cycles throughout history.
Prey grows exponentially unless there is a limiting factor, such as predators or food sources. Companies grow until they do not have resources to grow. Companies as a group compete with each other, as well as with the consumers and producers in order to maximize profits and minimize waste. Waste might be employees who are not producing fast enough. Capitalism , Economic system , Economy 476 Words | 2 Pages. It’s a Jungle Out There Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle , gives a heart breaking portrayal of the hardships faced by the . countless poverty stricken foreign laborers in the slaughter houses of Chicago. In the early 1900's, strikes, riots, labor unions, and help new political parties arose across the country. The government, with its laissez-faire attitude, allowed business to consolidate into trusts, and with lack of competition, into powerful monopolies.
These multi-million dollar monopolies were. Armour and Company , Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry 1493 Words | 5 Pages. Animals Are Happy and Better in Jungle. Animals are happy and better in jungle . Writing Help Center? The Jungle portrays the lower ranks of the industrial world as the help university carolina scene of a naked . struggle for survival. Where workers not only are forced to compete with each other but, if they falter, are hard pressed to joad essay, keep starvation from their door and a roof over their heads. With unions weak and cheap labor plentiful, a social Darwinist state of the survival of the fittest exists. The real story revolves around the doctoral help university of south carolina integration and eventual disintegration of. Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood , Eric Burdon , Frederick Douglass 1211 Words | 3 Pages.
Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book is a 1994 Disney film based on the Mowgli stories in The Jungle Book and The Second . Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling, and is a live-action remake of the essays on lord civilization vs savagery 1967 animated film of the doctoral help same name. The film stars Jason Scott Lee as Mowgli and Cary Elwes as his main adversary. Short Essay Culture? It was directed by university carolina, Stephen Sommers. The original music score was composed by Basil Poledouris. Dissertation Service? Contents[hide] * 1 Plot summary * 2 Cast * 2.1 Main cast * 2.2 Trained animals * 3. Bagheera , Baloo , Kaa 963 Words | 3 Pages. imaging scans revealed that the brains of those living in cities reacted differently to stress, the researchers report in the journal Nature.
Read more: . Doctoral Help University? http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2006988/A-rural-life-better-Living-concrete- jungle -really-stressful-make-vulnerable-depression.html#ixzz2jZtzIvwe Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook Dr Jens Pruessner of the essays on lord flies civilization Douglas Mental Health University Institute in dissertation of south Quebec, who helped carry out the study, said: ‘Previous. Brain , Brain tumor , Human brain 735 Words | 3 Pages. Socialism in “The Jungle ” By Tyler Dobson Sinclair’s The Jungle is short on importance culture a novel that tends to advocate for socialism as a . remedy for the evils of capitalism that has dominated a society. Upton Sinclair’s piece was written in 1906, at a time when many European immigrants had migrated to the United States with the help carolina hope of becoming prosperous in their lives. However, their expectations were not met as some of them ended up being unemployed and those who managed to get jobs like Jurgis Rudkus in. Capitalism , Karl Marx , Marxism 1699 Words | 5 Pages.
The Irony of The Jungle Between 1870 and 1900 Chicago grew from a population of cpe 2006, 299,000 to almost 1.7 million, the doctoral dissertation help of south carolina fastest-growing . city ever at the time. This surge in population was largely attributed to immigrants coming from European countries seeking a chance for employment and new freedoms associated with moving to help uwo, the United States at doctoral dissertation university of south carolina the time. 1905, in joad essay particular, was a historic year when a surge of over 1 million immigrants came to the city. During this time, author Upton Sinclair. Capitalism , Meat Inspection Act , Socialist Party of America 1525 Words | 4 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . Help University Of South? those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in vs savagery prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages.
probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . Help University Carolina? certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and literature teachers use them on of the vs savagery a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a.
Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . Doctoral University Carolina? trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in essays on lord of the flies telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in university the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. generously by joad essay, Mother-Africa to doctoral dissertation help, her children. Essay Of Indian? These were the ancestors, the chiefs, the scholars, the doctoral university carolina bush men and women, the weak, the strong, and help service the brave. . Let us examine such work of wisdom by Jomo Kenyatta in his short story: The Getnlemen of The Jungle . As a Pan-African and great political leader, Kenyatta became the help university carolina first president of independent Kenya back in 1963. His wise story, pulsate with humor, for all the so called Gentlemen were animals, reminded me, at my first read, of the Africa my.
Africa , Colonialism 1269 Words | 4 Pages. ?Emily Adams Jason Hicks 3rd Period November 15, 2013 Tropical Ulcer ( Jungle Rot) Tropical ulcers (also commonly known as . Jungle Rot) are necrotic painful lesions that are a result from a mixed bacterial infection. These ulcers are common in hot humid tropical or subtropical areas. They are usually found on joad essay the lower legs or feet of children and young adults. Doctoral Help University Of South Carolina? Typically, the ulcers have a raised border, and a yellowish necrotic base. Writing Help? The ulcers may heal spontaneously, but in many instances. Bacteria , Gangrene , Human skin color 816 Words | 3 Pages. Alexandra Ayres History April 13, 2013 Book Review of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair The Jungle is a 1906 novel written by dissertation university, the . American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair, and it first appeared in short of indian culture a Socialist newspaper. It has become a classic not only for the heart-rending story in the pages, but because of deeper social and political commentary within it. It tells a sad story of the harsh realities that awaited many immigrants as they came over to America in the early 1900’s. It is not known.
Character , Marxism , Novel 1036 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in dissertation university of south MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of on lord flies vs savagery, Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the doctoral dissertation help of south way the essay is on importance of indian structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font). The first essay must . be 1,000–1,200 words, and university of south the following essays must be 750–1,000 words each. Essays Flies Civilization? Essay one corresponds to the essay one prompt as listed below. Essay two corresponds with the essay two prompt, etc. Doctoral University? through all four essays . Each essay is on lord civilization vs savagery a separate assignment.
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woman. This leads to writing uwo, Dadier’s Wife giving birth to the baby prematurely. Dissertation Help University Of South Carolina? The movie ends after a confrontation between West and Dadier, in which Dadier gains . the help center uwo respect of the students. Journal Entry: Setting and Historical Significance Blackboard Jungle is a social commentary created during the dissertation help university carolina 1950’s which addresses juvenile delinquency, the highly controversial rock music and racial prejudice. The film shows no female troublemakers which portrays the stereotype that teenage boys are usually the. Conduct disorder , Crime , Criminology 1702 Words | 4 Pages. the figures of speech arts and letters and man of letters. - may consist of texts based on factual information (journalistic or non-fiction), as well as . on original imagination, such as polemical works as well as autobiography, and reflective essays as well as belles-lettres. Literature can be classified according to historical periods, genres, and political influences. * BRO. AZURIN – According to him, literature expresses the feeling of english 101 persuasive essay, people to society, to the government, to his surroundings.
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20 Latin Phrases You Should Be Using. You’d probably be surprised by how much Latin you actually already know. Hundreds of university, words—like memo , alibi , agenda , census , veto , alias , via , alumni , affidavit and versus— are all used in cpe 2006, everyday English, as are abbreviations like i.e. ( id est , that is) and doctoral dissertation of south etc. ( et cetera , and the rest). Even some entire Latin phrases have become so naturalized in English that we use them, in full, without a second thought—like bona fide (literally in good faith), alter ego (other self), persona non grata (unwelcome person), vice versa (position turned), carpe diem (seize the day), cum laude (with praise), alma mater (nourishing mother), and essay quid pro quo (something for something, this for doctoral university of south, that). Joad Essay. Besides fairly commonplace examples like these, however, English has adopted a number of much less familiar Latin phrases and expressions that go criminally underused—20 examples of which are listed here. So next time you spot a misbehaving child, or you want to seize the night rather than the day, you’ll have the doctoral dissertation help, perfect phrase at hand.
It might seem odd to say that you’re holding a wolf by of the civilization, the ears, but auribus teneo lupum— a line taken from Phormio (c.161BC), a work by the Roman playwright Terence—was once a popular proverb in Ancient Rome. Doctoral Dissertation Help Of South Carolina. Like holding a tiger by the tail, it is used to on lord civilization vs savagery, describe an dissertation carolina, unsustainable situation, and in particular one in which both doing nothing and doing something to resolve it are equally risky. A man described as barba tenus sapientes is literally said to joad essay, be wise as far as his beard—or, in other words, he might look intelligent but he’s actually far from it. This is just one of a number of phrases that show how the doctoral dissertation of south, Romans associated beards with intelligence, alongside barba non facit philosophum , a beard does not make a philosopher, and barba crescit caput nescit , meaning the beard grows, but the head doesn’t grow wiser. Apparently coined by the Roman scholar Pliny the Elder, a brutum fulmen is a harmless or empty threat. It literally means senseless thunderbolt.
In a speech to of indian culture, the Council of Constance in doctoral dissertation help university of south, 1414, the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund of joad essay, Luxembourg happened to help carolina, use the Latin word schisma , meaning schism. Unfortunately for essays civilization, him, he muddled up its gender— schisma should be a neuter word, but he used it as if it were feminine. When the error was pointed out to doctoral dissertation, him, Sigismund angrily proclaimed that because he was Emperor, even if the word was neuter (which it was) it would be feminine from now on, at which point one member of the Council supposedly stood and essays flies civilization replied, Caesar non supra grammaticos —or the Emperor is not above the grammarians. Doctoral Help University Of South Carolina. The phrase quickly became a popular proverbial defence of the importance of short, good grammar and spelling. Carpe noctem is doctoral university, essentially the nocturnal equivalent of carpe diem and so literally means seize the night. It too is of indian culture, used to encourage someone to doctoral help of south, make the most of their time, often in the sense of working into the early hours of the cpe 2006, morning to get something finished, or else enjoying themselves in the evening once a hard day’s work is done.
At the height of the Punic Wars, fought between Rome and doctoral dissertation university of south carolina Carthage from 264-146BC, a Roman statesman named Cato the Elder had a habit of ending all of his speeches to the Senate with the motto Carthago delenda est , or Carthage must be destroyed. His words quickly became a popular and english 101 persuasive rousing motto in Ancient Rome, and dissertation of south carolina nowadays can be used figuratively to dissertation, express your absolute support for an idea or course of help university, action. Literally meaning laughing corrects morals, the Latin motto castigat ridendo mores was coined by the French poet Jean de Santeul (1630-97), who intended it to show how useful satirical writing is in affecting social change: the best way to change the writing center uwo, rules is by pointing out how absurd they are. Picture a politician sticking up for a colleague even in the face of doctoral help of south carolina, widespread criticism—that’s a fine example of the english, old Latin saying corvus oculum corvi non eruit , meaning a crow will not pull out the eye of dissertation university carolina, another crow. It’s essentially the same as honor amongst thieves, and refers to complete solidarity amongst a group of likeminded people regardless of the consequences or condemnation. Literally meaning who benefits?, cui bono? is a rhetorical Latin legal phrase used to essays of the vs savagery, imply that whoever appears to of south carolina, have the most to gain from dissertation help service singapore, a crime is probably the culprit. More generally, it’s used in English to dissertation carolina, question the meaningfulness or advantages of carrying something out. Arcadia was a rural region of Ancient Greece, whose inhabitants—chiefly shepherds and farmers—were seen as living a quiet, idyllic life away from the hustle and cpe 2006 bustle of dissertation university of south carolina, nearby Athens. The Latin motto et in Arcadia ego , even in Arcadia, here I am, comes from the title of a painting by the French Baroque artist Nicholas Poussin (1594-1665) that depicted four Arcadian shepherds attending the tomb of a local man. Although precisely what Poussin meant the title to imply is hotly debated, but it’s often interpreted as a reminder that no matter how good someone else’s life appears to be compared to your own, we all eventually suffer the same fate—the I in question is on lord vs savagery, Death. Supposedly a quote by the Roman philosopher Lucretius, the Latin motto ex nihilo nihil fit means nothing comes from nothing, and is used as a reminder that hard work is always required in order to dissertation university of south carolina, achieve something.
Originally a religious term referring to joad essay, consequences of the Biblical Fall of Man and the sins of dissertation university of south, Adam and Eve, a felix culpa is literally a happy fault—an apparent mistake or disaster that actually ends up having surprisingly beneficial consequences. Hannibal was a Carthaginian military commander during the Punic Wars who, in the early 2nd century BC, led numerous devastating attacks against the Roman Empire. To the cpe 2006, people of Rome, the threat of an dissertation of south, attack from Hannibal soon made him something of a bogeyman, and as a result Roman parents would often tell their unruly children that Hanniabl ad portas —Hannibal is at help service, the gates—in order to scare them into behaving properly. When the Gauls invaded Rome in 390BC, the doctoral dissertation, Senate met to discuss whether or not to abandon the city and flee to the relative safety of nearby Veii. According to the Roman historian Livy, a centurion named Marcus Furius Camillus stood to address the joad essay, Senate and exclaimed, hic manebimus optime! —or here we will stay, most excellently! His words soon came to be used figuratively of anyone’s unfaltering and dedicated intention to remain in place despite adverse circumstances. Dissertation University. 15. HOMO SUM HUMANI A ME NIHIL ALIENUM PUTO. Homo sum humani a me nihil alienum puto is another line lifted from one of the works of the Roman dramatist Terence, in short, this case his play Heauton Timorumenos , or The Self-Tormentor . Originally in the play the line was merely one character’s response to being told to mind his own business, but given its literal meaning—I am a human being, so nothing human is strange to me—it has since come to be used as a motto advocating respect for people and cultures that appear different from your own. Also known as obscurum per obscurius (the obscure by the more obscure), the doctoral dissertation help university, phrase ignotum per essays of the vs savagery, ignotius (the unknown by the more unknown) refers to an unhelpful explanation that is just as (or even more) confusing than that which it is attempting to explain—for instance, imagine someone asking you what obscurum per obscurius meant, and you telling them that it means the same as ignotum per ignotius . Meaning an empire within an empire, the Latin phrase imperium in imperio can be used literally to refer to a self-governing state confined within a larger one; or to a rebellious state fighting for university of south, independence from another; or, more figuratively, to a department or a group of workers in an organization who, despite appearing to work for themselves, are still answerable to an even larger corporation. Panem et circenses , meaning bread and circuses, refers to the basic needs and desires—i.e., food and entertainment—required to keep a person happy.
It is cpe 2006, taken from the Satires , a collection of satirical poems by the Roman poet Juvenal written in the 1st-2nd century AD. 19. VELOCIUS QUAM ASPARAGI COQUANTUR. Doctoral Dissertation University Of South. According to the Romans, when something happens quickly it happens velocius quam asparagi conquantur —or faster than you can cook asparagus. Some sources attribute this phrase to service singapore, the Roman Emperor Augustus, but there’s sadly little proof that that’s the dissertation help of south, case. While vox populi is the singapore, voice of the people, vox nihili is literally the voice of nothing. It describes an utterly pointless or meaningless statement, but can also be used for the kind of doctoral dissertation help of south, spelling mistake or textual error in which one word is mistakenly substituted for another—like an Autocorrect mistake. All images courtesy of iStock unless otherwise noted. Though the term blackboard has a color right there in its name, most of them aren’t actually black.
While we still use the term more or less interchangeably with chalkboards, blackboards tend to be green. Why the difference? Why call a surface a blackboard if it's green? Because 200 years ago, blackboards were black. According to author Lewis Buzbee’s Blackboard: A Personal History of the Classroom , large boards of help, connected slates that teachers could write on for the whole class to see didn’t come around until the early 1800s, and the name blackboard wasn’t used until 1815.
They were made with slate, or in rural areas, they were often just wooden boards painted dark with egg whites mixed with the dissertation help, remains of charred potatoes. Later, they were also made of wood darkened with a commercially made porcelain-based ink. They were, true to their name, black. And the relatively affordable, ubiquitous technology was a huge success, changing education forever. By the mid-19th century, even the most rural schools had a blackboard. Essays Flies. As an dissertation help of south, 1841 teaching manual, The Blackboard in the Primary School , put it: “The inventor or introducer of the black-board system deserves to be ranked among the best contributors to learning and science, if not among the greatest benefactors of mankind.”
In the help uwo, 20th century, blackboards began to doctoral university carolina, look a little different, though the idea was the short essay on importance, same. In the 1930s, manufacturers began to make chalkboards using a green, porcelain enameled paint on a steel base. By the 1960s, the green chalkboard trend was in full swing. Teachers had discovered that a different colored paint was a lot more comfortable to stare at all day, because green porcelain paint cut down on glare. By and large, many blackboards were slowly replaced by their green brethren. (Apparently, greenboards wasn’t quite as catchy of a name, though, so the dissertation of south carolina, term blackboard stuck.) But today, many school children might not be familiar with either blackboards or greenboards. On Importance. In the doctoral dissertation university of south, 1990s, schools began converting their classrooms to whiteboards, which produce less dust (and eliminate that terrible screeching noise). According to on lord flies civilization, The Atlantic , at university of south carolina, the turn of the millennium, whiteboards were outselling chalkboards by a 4-to-1 ratio.
You can still find the occasional blackboard in a classroom, though—even if it’s just decorative. And some schools are rediscovering blackboards, literally. 101 Persuasive. In the summer of 2015, construction workers renovating an Oklahoma school for smart whiteboards found two historic slate blackboards that still bore drawings from almost 100 years ago. Have you got a Big Question you'd like us to answer? If so, let us know by emailing us at firstname.lastname@example.org. English spelling is bizarre. We know that. From the moment we learn about doctoral dissertation university of south silent “e” in school, our innocent expectations that sound and spelling should neatly match up begin to fade away, and soon we accept that “eight” rhymes with “ate,” “of” rhymes with “love,” and “to” sounds like “too” sounds like “two.” If we do sometimes briefly pause to wonder at these eccentricities, we quickly resign ourselves to the fact that there must be reasons—stuff about history and etymology and of indian culture sound changing over time. Whatever.
English. LOL. Right? It is what it is. But sometimes English takes it a step too far, does something so brazen and shameless we can’t just let it slide. That’s when we have to throw our shoulders back, put our hands on our hips and ask, point blank, what is the doctoral dissertation of south carolina, deal with the word “colonel”? “Colonel” is pronounced just like “kernel.” How did this happen? From borrowing the same word from english essay, two different places.
In the doctoral help university carolina, 1500s, English borrowed a bunch of military vocabulary from French, words like cavalerie , infanterie , citadelle , canon , and also, coronel . The French had borrowed them from the flies civilization, Italians, then the reigning experts in university of south carolina, the art of war, but in doing so, had changed colonello to coronel. Why did they do that? A common process called dissimilation—when two instances of the help center, same sound occur close to doctoral help, each other in a word, people tend to change one of the instances to something else. Here, the help uwo, first “l” was changed to dissertation university of south carolina, “r.” The opposite process happened with the Latin word peregrinus (pilgrim), when the first “r” was changed to an “l” (now it’s peregrino in Spanish and Pellegrino in Italian. Of The Flies Civilization Vs Savagery. English inherited the “l” version in pilgrim.) After the doctoral help university of south, dissimilated French coronel made its way into English, late 16th century scholars started producing English translations of Italian military treatises.
Under the influence of the originals, people started spelling it “colonel.” By the middle of the 17th century, the spelling had standardized to the “l” version, but the “r” pronunciation was still popular (it later lost a syllable, turning kor-o-nel to ker-nel). Both pronunciations were in play for a while, and adding to the confusion was the mistaken idea that “coronel” was etymologically related to “crown”—a colonel was sometimes translated as “crowner” in English. In fact, the root is colonna , Italian for column. Help Service Singapore. Meanwhile, French switched back to “colonel,” in both spelling and pronunciation. English throws its shoulders back, puts its hands on its hips and asks, how boring is dissertation help university of south carolina, that? LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES.
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Clopidogrel with Aspirin in Acute Minor Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack. Yongjun Wang, M.D., Yilong Wang, M.D., Ph.D., Xingquan Zhao, M.D., Ph.D., Liping Liu, M.D., Ph.D., David Wang, D.O., F.A.H.A., F.A.A.N., Chunxue Wang, M.D., Ph.D., Chen Wang, M.D., Hao Li, Ph.D., Xia Meng, M.D., Ph.D., Liying Cui, M.D., Ph.D., Jianping Jia, M.D., Ph.D., Qiang Dong, M.D., Ph.D., Anding Xu, M.D., Ph.D., Jinsheng Zeng, M.D., Ph.D., Yansheng Li, M.D., Ph.D., Zhimin Wang, M.D., Haiqin Xia, M.D., and S. Claiborne Johnston, M.D., Ph.D., for the CHANCE Investigators * N Engl J Med 2013; 369:11-19 July 4, 2013 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1215340. Comments open through July 10, 2013. Stroke is common during the first few weeks after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor ischemic stroke. University? Combination therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin may provide greater protection against essay, subsequent stroke than aspirin alone. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted at doctoral dissertation of south carolina 114 centers in China, we randomly assigned 5170 patients within 24 hours after the dissertation cpe 2006, onset of minor ischemic stroke or high-risk TIA to combination therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin (clopidogrel at an initial dose of 300 mg, followed by 75 mg per day for dissertation help 90 days, plus aspirin at a dose of 75 mg per day for the first 21 days) or to joad essay, placebo plus aspirin (75 mg per help of south day for 90 days).
All participants received open-label aspirin at a clinician-determined dose of 75 to joad essay, 300 mg on day 1. The primary outcome was stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) during 90 days of follow-up in an intention-to-treat analysis. Treatment differences were assessed with the use of a Cox proportional-hazards model, with study center as a random effect. Stroke occurred in 8.2% of patients in the clopidogrel–aspirin group, as compared with 11.7% of those in the aspirin group (hazard ratio, 0.68; 95% confidence interval, 0.57 to 0.81; P0.001). Moderate or severe hemorrhage occurred in seven patients (0.3%) in the clopidogrel–aspirin group and in eight (0.3%) in the aspirin group (P=0.73); the rate of hemorrhagic stroke was 0.3% in each group. Among patients with TIA or minor stroke who can be treated within 24 hours after the onset of doctoral dissertation university carolina symptoms, the combination of clopidogrel and essays on lord of the flies vs savagery, aspirin is superior to aspirin alone for reducing the risk of stroke in the first 90 days and does not increase the risk of hemorrhage. (Funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China; CHANCE ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00979589.) Transient ischemic attack (TIA) and acute minor ischemic stroke are common and often lead to disabling events. In China, there are approximately 3 million new strokes every year, and approximately 30% of them are minor ischemic strokes. 1,2 The incidence of TIA in doctoral dissertation carolina China has not been determined, but on the basis of the incidence in other countries, there are probably more than 2 million TIAs annually in China. Essays On Lord Flies Civilization? 3-5 The risk of another stroke occurring after a TIA or minor stroke is high, with approximately 10 to 20% of patients having a stroke within 3 months after the university of south, index event; most of these strokes occur within the first 2 days. Dissertation Cpe 2006? 5-8. The role of antiplatelet therapy for doctoral university of south secondary stroke prevention has been well established.
However, aspirin is the only antiplatelet agent that has been studied in the acute phase of stroke, during which its benefit is modest. 9,10 Aspirin and clopidogrel synergistically inhibit platelet aggregation, 11,12 and such dual therapy reduces the risk of recurrent ischemic events in patients with the acute coronary syndrome. 13,14 Large-scale trials of secondary prevention of ischemic events after stroke have not shown a benefit of the combination of clopidogrel and aspirin. 15-17 However, these trials did not study the early, high-risk period after stroke, they included some patients with strokes of moderate severity, and 101 persuasive essay, they included few if any patients with TIA. Three small pilot trials have shown trends toward a benefit of the combination therapy and minimal safety concerns in patients with minor stroke or TIA. 18-20. We conducted the Clopidogrel in High-Risk Patients with Acute Nondisabling Cerebrovascular Events (CHANCE) trial to test the doctoral dissertation help university, hypothesis that 3 months of treatment with a combination of clopidogrel and aspirin would reduce the risk of recurrent stroke, as compared with aspirin alone, among patients with acute high-risk TIA or minor ischemic stroke. We conducted this study according to essay, the protocol and statistical analysis plan, which are available with the doctoral university of south, full text of this article at NEJM.org. The trial was designed by three of the authors and was overseen by the executive committee, which had full access to the data. Service? Data collection and entry were performed by staff at the Tiantan Clinical Trial and Research Center for university of south Stroke, where the data analysis was performed. One of the authors had full access to 101 persuasive, an independent database for any questions regarding the analyses.
All members of the writing committee contributed to university carolina, and approved an short culture earlier draft of this manuscript, which was prepared without professional editorial assistance. The first and last authors made the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. All the authors assume responsibility for dissertation help university of south the accuracy and completeness of the data and english essay, the fidelity of this report to the study protocol. Doctoral Help Of South Carolina? There was no confidentiality agreement between the study sponsor (the Ministry of Science and on lord vs savagery, Technology of the dissertation, People's Republic of China) and the investigators. There was no commercial support for this study. All the participants or their legal proxies provided written informed consent. The CHANCE protocol was approved by the ethics committee at each study center. Clopidogrel and the matching placebo were purchased from Sanofi-Aventis, which had no other role in the study. Patients who met the following inclusion criteria were eligible: age of 40 years or older; diagnosis of an acute minor ischemic stroke or TIA; and ability to writing uwo, start the doctoral university of south carolina, study drug within 24 hours after symptom onset, which was defined as the point at which the patient reported no longer being in writing center uwo a normal condition. Acute minor stroke was defined by doctoral dissertation help university a score of 3 or less at the time of randomization on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS; scores range from 0 to 42, with higher scores indicating greater deficits). TIA was defined as focal brain ischemia with resolution of symptoms within 24 hours after onset plus a moderate-to-high risk of stroke recurrence (defined as a score of ?4 at dissertation cpe 2006 the time of randomization on the ABCD, 2 which assesses the risk of stroke on the basis of doctoral dissertation university of south carolina age, blood pressure, clinical features, duration of writing center TIA, and presence or absence of diabetes; scores range from 0 to 7, with higher scores indicating greater short-term risk).
All patients with possible clinical neurologic events during the follow-up period underwent computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head. Patients were excluded if they had any of the following: hemorrhage; other conditions, such as vascular malformation, tumor, abscess, or other major nonischemic brain disease; isolated sensory symptoms (e.g., numbness), isolated visual changes, or isolated dizziness or vertigo without evidence of acute infarction on baseline CT or MRI of the head; a score of doctoral dissertation help more than 2 on the modified Rankin scale (scores range from 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) immediately before the occurrence of the index ischemic stroke or TIA, indicating moderate disability or worse at baseline; an NIHSS score of 4 or more at writing help center randomization; a clear indication for anticoagulation therapy (presumed cardiac source of embolus, such as atrial fibrillation or prosthetic cardiac valve) or a contraindication to clopidogrel or aspirin; history of dissertation help intracranial hemorrhage; anticipated requirement for long-term nonstudy antiplatelet drugs or for english 101 persuasive essay nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs affecting platelet function; heparin therapy or oral anticoagulation therapy within 10 days before randomization; gastrointestinal bleeding or major surgery within the previous 3 months; planned or probable revascularization (any angioplasty or vascular surgery) within 3 months after screening (if clinically indicated, vascular imaging was to be performed before randomization, whenever possible); planned surgery or interventional treatment requiring cessation of the study drug; TIA or minor stroke caused by angiography or surgery; or severe noncardiovascular coexisting condition, with a life expectancy of less than 3 months. Women of doctoral of south carolina childbearing age who were not practicing reliable contraception and did not have a documented negative pregnancy test and patients receiving other investigational drugs or devices were also excluded (see Table S1 in the Supplementary Appendix, available at NEJM.org). No patients included in the study were treated with thrombolysis around the time of randomization. CHANCE was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted at 114 clinical centers in China; details of the rationale for the study and writing, its design have been published previously. 21 Patients meeting the enrollment criteria were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups with the doctoral dissertation help carolina, use of a double-blind, double-dummy design. The site investigator called into an automated system that randomly assigned a number corresponding to flies civilization vs savagery, a medication kit stored at the study site, and the medication in the kit was administered to doctoral dissertation help university, the patient.
Both groups received open-label aspirin on day 1 (with the dose ranging from 75 to 300 mg, at the discretion of the treating physician). Writing Help Center? Patients randomly assigned to doctoral dissertation university of south carolina, the clopidogrel–aspirin group received a loading dose of 300 mg of clopidogrel on day 1, followed by a dose of writing center 75 mg per day on days 2 through 90, aspirin at a dose of doctoral university 75 mg per day on days 2 through 21, and placebo aspirin on days 22 through 90. Help? Patients randomly assigned to the aspirin group received a placebo version of clopidogrel on days 1 through 90 and doctoral dissertation university carolina, aspirin at a dose of 75 mg per day on culture, days 2 through 90. Randomization was stratified according to clinical center and interval between symptom onset and enrollment (12 hours vs. 12 to 24 hours). The primary objective was to assess the effects of the two treatment regimens on the incidence of stroke in doctoral dissertation help university of south carolina the first 90 days after acute minor stroke or high-risk TIA. The primary efficacy outcome was a new stroke event (ischemic or hemorrhagic) at 90 days. Ischemic stroke was defined as an acute focal infarction of the brain or retina with one of the short essay culture, following: sudden onset of a new focal neurologic deficit, with clinical or imaging evidence of infarction lasting 24 hours or more and not attributable to doctoral dissertation university of south carolina, a nonischemic cause (i.e., not associated with brain infection, trauma, tumor, seizure, severe metabolic disease, or degenerative neurologic disease); a new focal neurologic deficit lasting for less than 24 hours and not attributable to a nonischemic cause but accompanied by neuroimaging evidence of new brain infarction; or rapid worsening of an existing focal neurologic deficit lasting more than 24 hours and not attributable to help center uwo, a nonischemic cause, accompanied by new ischemic changes on MRI or CT of the brain and clearly distinct from the doctoral dissertation carolina, index ischemic event. Writing Help? Hemorrhagic stroke was defined as acute extravasation of blood into the brain parenchyma or subarachnoid space with associated neurologic symptoms. Recurrent stroke was considered to be disabling if the score on the modified Rankin scale was 2 or more.
The primary safety outcome was a moderate-to-severe bleeding event, according to doctoral dissertation help of south carolina, the Global Utilization of joad essay Streptokinase and Tissue Plasminogen Activator for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) definition. 22 Severe hemorrhage was defined as fatal or intracranial hemorrhage or other hemorrhage causing hemodynamic compromise that required blood or fluid replacement, inotropic support, or surgical intervention. Moderate hemorrhage was defined as bleeding that required transfusion of blood but did not lead to hemodynamic compromise requiring intervention. 22. Key secondary efficacy outcomes included a new clinical vascular event (ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, myocardial infarction, or vascular death), analyzed as a composite outcome and also as individual outcomes. Vascular death was defined as death due to stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic), systemic hemorrhage, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, sudden death, or arrhythmia.
Efficacy outcomes were also analyzed according to prespecified subgroups. All reported efficacy and safety outcomes were confirmed by a central adjudication committee that was unaware of the study-group assignments. University Of South Carolina? The committee members classified ischemic-stroke subtypes on the basis of available diagnostic studies. A data and safety monitoring board whose members were selected by the sponsor was in place to ensure the essay, safety of patients during the dissertation carolina, study, with predetermined periodic assessments of safety and stopping rules. We calculated that a sample of 5100 patients would provide 90% power to detect a relative risk reduction of 22% in the clopidogrel–aspirin group, with a two-sided type I error of 0.05, assuming an event rate of 14% in the aspirin group and a 5% overall rate of withdrawal (defined as medication nonadherence). 21. No patient withdrew between the time of randomization and the administration of the first dose of study medication; all analyses were based on the population of patients who underwent randomization. We compared the baseline characteristics of the patients in the two study groups.
Proportions were used for categorical variables, and dissertation service, medians with interquartile ranges were used for continuous variables. Time to randomization was calculated as a group mean. Differences between study groups in doctoral university of south carolina the rate of stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) during the 90-day follow-up period were assessed with the use of on importance of indian culture a Cox proportional-hazards model, with pooled study centers (?20 patients) as a random effect. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals are reported. Doctoral Dissertation Help University Carolina? When there were multiple events of the same type, the joad essay, time to the first event was used in the model. Data from doctoral of south patients who had no events during the short on importance, study were censored at the time of study termination or death. We used this approach to maximize the time-dependent information in the trial while maintaining the ease of dissertation help of south carolina interpretation of risks. For each model, the proportional-hazards assumption was assessed by center uwo testing the doctoral help carolina, interaction between treatment and time. In addition, we assessed whether the english, treatment effect differed in doctoral help university certain prespecified subgroups by testing the treatment-by-subgroup interaction effect with the use of Cox models.
All tests were two-sided, and english 101 persuasive, a P value of dissertation university 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance. All statistical analyses were performed with the use of SAS software, version 9.0 (SAS Institute). Between October 2009 and english 101 persuasive, July 2012, a total of 41,561 patients with stroke or TIA were screened at 114 clinical sites; 5170 patients were enrolled, with 2584 randomly assigned to the clopidogrel–aspirin group and 2586 to the aspirin group. Dissertation Help Of South Carolina? The most common reasons for exclusion were delayed presentation (26.4% of screened patients); moderate or severe stroke (10.4%); intracranial hemorrhage (7.0%); low-risk TIA, defined as a score of 4 on the ABCD 2 (6.5%); or contraindication to clopidogrel or aspirin (6.0%) (Fig. S3 in the Supplementary Appendix). The two groups were well balanced regarding baseline characteristics ( Table 1 Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of the Patients. ). The median age was 62 years, and short on importance of indian culture, 33.8% of the help university carolina, patients were women. A total of 65.7% of the patients had a history of help service singapore hypertension, 21.1% had diabetes, and 43.0% were current or former smokers. The median time from the onset of the qualifying minor stroke or TIA to randomization was 13 hours. The index event was a TIA in 1445 patients (27.9%).
A total of 36 patients (0.7%) — 20 in the clopidogrel–aspirin group and 16 in the aspirin group — were lost to follow-up; 165 patients (6.4%) in doctoral university of south carolina the clopidogrel–aspirin group and 146 (5.6%) in the aspirin group discontinued the study medication before the end of the study (Fig. S3 in the Supplementary Appendix). Stroke occurred in 212 patients (8.2%) in the clopidogrel–aspirin group, as compared with 303 patients (11.7%) in service singapore the aspirin group (hazard ratio, 0.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57 to doctoral carolina, 0.81; P0.001) ( Table 2 Table 2 Efficacy and Safety Outcomes. and Figure 1 Figure 1 Probability of Survival Free of Stroke. The primary outcome was ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Singapore? The inset shows the same data on an enlarged segment of the y axis. ). Fatal or disabling stroke occurred in 135 patients (5.2%) in the clopidogrel–aspirin group and in 177 (6.8%) in the aspirin group (hazard ratio, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.60 to 0.94; P=0.01). Ischemic stroke occurred in doctoral help university 204 patients (7.9%) in the clopidogrel–aspirin group and in 295 (11.4%) in the aspirin group (hazard ratio, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.56 to 0.81; P0.001). Hemorrhagic stroke occurred in help center uwo 8 patients in each of the two study groups (0.3% of each group). Key Secondary and Other Efficacy Outcomes. The composite outcome of vascular events occurred in 216 patients (8.4%) in the clopidogrel–aspirin group, as compared with 307 patients (11.9%) in the aspirin group (hazard ratio, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.58 to 0.82; P0.001) ( Table 2 , and Fig. S4 in the Supplementary Appendix).
Death from any cause occurred in 0.4% of the patients in each group. Vascular death (including death from hemorrhagic stroke) occurred in 6 patients (0.2%) in doctoral of south carolina the clopidogrel–aspirin group and in writing center 5 (0.2%) in the aspirin group. Doctoral University? TIA occurred in 39 patients (1.5%) in the clopidogrel–aspirin group and in 47 (1.8%) in the aspirin group (P=0.36). Moderate or severe hemorrhage, as defined by on importance of indian means of the dissertation, GUSTO criteria, occurred in seven patients (0.3%) in the clopidogrel–aspirin group and in eight (0.3%) in the aspirin group (P=0.73) ( Table 2 ). The rate of any bleeding event was 2.3% in the clopidogrel–aspirin group as compared with 1.6% in the aspirin group (hazard ratio, 1.41; 95% CI, 0.95 to 2.10; P=0.09) ( Table 2 ). The reduction in the rate of 101 persuasive essay stroke and combined secondary vascular events with clopidogrel and aspirin was consistent across all major subgroups ( Figure 2 Figure 2 Hazard Ratio for the Primary Outcome in Prespecified Subgroups. The reduction in the risk of stroke with clopidogrel and aspirin, as compared with aspirin alone, was consistent across all major subgroups. There were no significant interactions in any of the 11 predefined subgroups (P0.10 for all comparisons). Data on systolic blood pressure at baseline were missing for 4 patients. The ABCD 2 assesses the risk of stroke on the basis of age, blood pressure, clinical features, duration of transient ischemic attack (TIA), and presence or absence of diabetes, with scores ranging from doctoral of south carolina 0 to 7 and higher scores indicating greater short-term risk. , and Fig. S5 in the Supplementary Appendix). There were no significant interactions in any of the 11 predefined subgroups (P0.10 for all comparisons).
Adverse events occurred in similar proportions of patients in the two groups (5.8% in essays on lord flies civilization vs savagery the clopidogrel–aspirin group and 5.0% in the aspirin group). The proportions of patients with serious adverse events were also similar (1.0% and 0.8% in the clopidogrel–aspirin and doctoral help university of south carolina, aspirin groups, respectively) (Table S4 in the Supplementary Appendix). In this large-scale trial involving patients with high-risk TIA or minor ischemic stroke, we found that the addition of clopidogrel to aspirin within 24 hours after symptom onset reduced the risk of subsequent stroke by 32.0%, as compared with aspirin alone. Dissertation? Event rates during this early period were very high, and dissertation help university of south carolina, clopidogrel was associated with an absolute risk reduction of 3.5 percentage points, equivalent to a number needed to treat of 29 patients to prevent one stroke over a period of 90 days. Combination therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin, as compared with aspirin alone, was not associated with an increased incidence of hemorrhage, although there was a worrisome trend in overall bleeding toward more events with the combination therapy.
The results of our trial differ from those of other trials of combination therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin after cerebral ischemic events. 7,8,17 One possible explanation is that, unlike previous trials, our trial targeted a population at particularly high risk for recurrent ischemia and at low risk for hemorrhage. Previous trials included patients with more severe strokes than our trial did, and they did not enroll patients in the first hours after an of the flies civilization vs savagery index minor stroke or TIA, during which the risk of recurrent ischemia is help university of south carolina, particularly high. This may explain why other trials did not show a reduction in the risk of ischemic events but did show an increased risk of dissertation hemorrhage. In our study, the curves for survival free of stroke were particularly steep in the first few days, during which the curves representing the treatment groups diverged dramatically. Subsequently, the rates of doctoral carolina stroke were similar. This suggests that the requirement for randomization within 24 hours after the onset of writing center symptoms, with nearly half the doctoral university, patients enrolled within 12 hours (and treated shortly thereafter), was important.
Although we did not see a relative difference in the efficacy outcome between patients randomly assigned to a study group within 12 hours and those assigned after a longer interval, absolute event rates were higher among those who were enrolled within 12 hours. In clinical practice, treatment with clopidogrel and aspirin as soon as possible after symptom onset is writing center, likely to produce the dissertation help carolina, greatest absolute benefit, since ischemic event rates are highest in writing help center uwo the initial hours after symptoms appear. Our trial was conducted entirely in doctoral dissertation China, a country with approximately 150 to 250 deaths from stroke per cpe 2006 100,000 persons per year, which is five times as high as the rate in the United States. 23 Although diagnostic tools and therapies commonly used in the United States and doctoral dissertation of south, Europe are available in most hospitals in China, some patients cannot afford this level of flies civilization vs savagery care. 24,25 Secondary prevention practices are also less rigorous in help university China, where rates of treatment of hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia are low, as shown in our study population (Table S3 in the Supplementary Appendix). Furthermore, the english essay, distribution of stroke subtypes in China differs from doctoral dissertation help carolina that in more developed countries; China has a higher incidence of large-artery intracranial atherosclerosis 25 and on importance culture, a higher prevalence of genetic polymorphisms that affect the dissertation help carolina, metabolism of clopidogrel.
26 The Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) trial (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00991029), sponsored by joad essay the National Institutes of Health, which is similar to our trial, is doctoral university carolina, now enrolling patients at dissertation cpe 2006 sites primarily in doctoral dissertation university of south the United States. 27 The POINT trial is assessing a higher loading dose of clopidogrel (600 mg) and a narrower time window (treatment within 12 hours after symptom onset) than were used in our study. Several common clinical conditions mimic TIA, including seizures, migraine, peripheral vertigo, syncope, and anxiety. 28 To minimize the risk of enrolling patients with TIA mimics, we excluded all patients with isolated sensory symptoms, isolated visual changes, or isolated dizziness or vertigo without evidence of acute infarction on baseline CT or MRI of the essays civilization, head. In addition, enrollment of patients with TIA was limited to those with a high ABCD 2 score (?4) to doctoral of south carolina, increase the likelihood that spells were due to true TIAs and to ensure that we were enrolling patients who were at high risk for subsequent ischemic events. 29 The risk of subsequent stroke in the trial was high for this patient population, suggesting that our strategy was successful. Dissertation? Our findings may not apply to other populations of patients with ischemic events.
In conclusion, our study shows that among patients with high-risk TIA or minor ischemic stroke who are initially seen within 24 hours after symptom onset, treatment with clopidogrel plus aspirin for help of south carolina 21 days, followed by clopidogrel alone for a total of 90 days, is dissertation, superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of subsequent stroke events. Doctoral Dissertation Help University Of South? The combination of clopidogrel with aspirin did not cause more hemorrhagic events in this patient population than aspirin alone. Supported by short on importance grants (2008ZX09312-008, 2011BAI08B02, 2012ZX09303, and 200902004) from the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China. Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the full text of this article at NEJM.org. No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported. This article was published on June 26, 2013, at NEJM.org. From Beijing Tiantan Hospital (Yongjun Wang, Yilong Wang, X.Z., L.L., Chunxue Wang, Chen Wang, H.L., X.M.) and help carolina, Xuan Wu Hospital (J.J.), Capital Medical University, and Peking Union Medical College Hospital (L.C.), Beijing; Huashan Hospital of Fudan University (Q.D.) and Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Y.L.), Shanghai; First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University (A.X.) and help service, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University (J.Z.), Guangzhou; Taizhou First People's Hospital, Taizhou (Z.W.); and Taiyuan Iron and doctoral dissertation university of south carolina, Steel Group, General Hospital, Taiyuan (H.X.) — all in China; Illinois Neurological Institute Stroke Network, Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis Healthcare System, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria (D.W.); and the Departments of Neurology and Epidemiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco (S.C.J.).
Address reprint requests to Dr. On Importance? Yongjun Wang at doctoral dissertation No. 6 Tiantanxili, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100050, China, or at email@example.com; or to joad essay, Dr. Johnston at the Departments of Neurology and Epidemiology, University of California, 505 Parnassus Ave., M-798, San Francisco, CA 94143-0114, or at firstname.lastname@example.org. A complete list of investigators and institutions participating in the Clopidogrel in High-Risk Patients with Acute Nondisabling Cerebrovascular Events (CHANCE) trial is provided in the Supplementary Appendix, available at NEJM.org. Zhao D , Liu J , Wang W , et al. Epidemiological transition of stroke in China: twenty-one-year observational study from the Sino-MONICA-Beijing Project. Dissertation Help University? Stroke 2008;39:1668-1674. Wang YL , Wu D , Liao X , Zhang W , Zhao X , Wang YJ . Burden of essay stroke in China.
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The International Stroke Trial (IST): a randomised trial of help of south aspirin, subcutaneous heparin, both, or neither among 19 435 patients with acute ischaemic stroke. Lancet 1997;349:1569-1581. Herbert JM , Dol F , Bernat A , Falotico R , Lale A , Savi P . On Importance Of Indian? The antiaggregating and antithrombotic activity of doctoral dissertation university carolina clopidogrel is potentiated by joad essay aspirin in several experimental models in the rabbit. Thromb Haemost 1998;80:512-518. Makkar RR , Eigler NL , Kaul S , et al. Effects of clopidogrel, aspirin and combined therapy in doctoral dissertation help university of south a porcine ex vivo model of high-shear induced stent thrombosis. Eur Heart J 1998;19:1538-1546. Yusuf S , Zhao F , Mehta SR , Chrolavicius S , Tognoni G , Fox KK . Effects of clopidogrel in addition to aspirin in patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation. N Engl J Med 2001;345:494-502[Erratum, N Engl J Med 2001;345:1506, 1716.] Steinhubl SR , Berger PB , Mann JT III , et al. Early and sustained dual oral antiplatelet therapy following percutaneous coronary intervention: a randomized controlled trial.
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Markus HS , Droste DW , Kaps M , et al. Dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin in symptomatic carotid stenosis evaluated using Doppler embolic signal detection: the Clopidogrel and Aspirin for Reduction of Emboli in Symptomatic Carotid Stenosis (CARESS) trial. Circulation 2005;111:2233-2240. Wang Y, Johnston SC. Rationale and design of english a randomized, double-blind trial comparing the effects of a 3-month clopidogrel-aspirin regimen versus aspirin alone for the treatment of high-risk patients with acute nondisabling cerebrovascular event. Am Heart J 2010;160(3):380.e1-386.e1. The GUSTO Investigators . University Carolina? An international randomized trial comparing four thrombolytic strategies for acute myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med 1993;329:673-682. Johnston SC , Mendis S , Mathers CD . Global variation in stroke burden and joad essay, mortality: estimates from monitoring, surveillance, and modeling.
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Rosemary J , Adithan C . The pharmacogenetics of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19: ethnic variation and clinical significance. Curr Clin Pharmacol 2007;2:93-109. Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) trial home page (http://www.pointtrial.org). Hankey GJ . When the patient fails to respond to treatment: TIAs that go on, and on. Pract Neurol 2008;8:103-111. Josephson SA , Sidney S , Pham TN , Bernstein AL , Johnston SC . Higher ABCD2 score predicts patients most likely to have true transient ischemic attack. Stroke 2008;39:3096-3098.
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IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures. Knowing how to structure your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay is an essential skill that can make the difference between the getting and not getting the band score you deserve. Dissertation? With that in joad essay mind, we have outlined the most common IELTS Writing Task 2 structures below. Nearly all of doctoral university carolina my Task 2 essay follow this basic structure: The sentences you put in each paragraph will depend on what type of question you get. The five most common IELTS Writing Task 2 questions are: Below I will outline examples and a structure approved by experienced IELTS teachers and examiners for each type of question. This will help you write a clear, coherent answer and hopefully boost your IELTS band score. Dissertation Help Singapore? I also include an example answer for each type of university question so you can see what the structure looks like in a real essay. Please note that these are general structures and on lord flies civilization they may vary slightly depending on the particular question.
Please also note that there is no ‘one’ structure that will get you a high score. There are many types of doctoral help university of south carolina structures that can get you a high score. These are just the ones I think are most effective and easiest to learn. For more detailed guidance on each type of question please visit the lessons below. I have provided a link at cpe 2006, the end of dissertation help of south carolina each section. Opinion Questions (Agree or Disagree) What is your opinion? Do you agree or disagree?
To what extent do you agree or disagree? Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of high school programmes (for example working for a charity, improving the neighborhood or teaching sports to younger children). To what extent do you agree or disagree? Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Thesis Statement (It is agreed…/It is disagreed…/This essay agrees/disagrees…)
Sentence 3- Outline Sentence (This essay will discuss….) Sentence 1- Topic Sentence. Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Topic Sentence. Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Summary and english essay opinion. t is argued that volunteering should be made part of the school curriculum. This essay agrees with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils. The essay will first look at how voluntary work can help students develop soft skills and help university carolina then discuss how these extracurricular activities are valued by universities and joad essay employers.
Education should not be limited to strictly academic pursuits and those in education should also develop life skills, such as teamwork, empathy and self-discipline, and one of the best ways to carolina hone these aptitudes is through community service. Serving those less fortunate than ourselves teaches us many lessons including how to work with people from english essay, other backgrounds and the value of hard work. For example, I personally volunteered to spend 6 weeks in Africa teaching disadvantaged children and dissertation university of south carolina this led to a much higher work ethic when I returned to my studies. Many colleges and companies are also increasingly looking for this type of experience. Most school leavers have the short on importance culture, same grades and charitable works can help set you apart from the herd. For example, Cambridge and Oxford receive thousands of applications from straight-A students every year and help of south carolina can only accept a small percentage of applicants. What you have done outside the joad essay, classroom is often the thing that differentiates you from everyone else and gets you that coveted spot. In conclusion, teenagers should be made to partake in unpaid work as part of their schooling because it will help them learn things they wouldn’t ordinarily learn from their teachers and it will also boost their chances of getting into third level education. For more detail on dissertation help university of south, how to answer agree or disagree questions please visit our opinion essay lesson. Advantages and Disadvantages Questions. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
Discuss the advantages and help uwo disadvantages and give your own opinion. Computers are being used more and more in doctoral dissertation help carolina education. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion. Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State One Advantage. Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Advantage. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 4- Result.
Sentence 1- State One Disadvantage. Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Disadvantage. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 4- Result. Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- Opinion.
It is argued that technology is playing an short essay on importance culture every increasing role in schools and universities. This essay will firstly, discuss student freedom as one of the main advantages of this and dissertation university carolina secondly, outline decreasing levels of face to face contact as one of the joad essay, main disadvantages. One of the principle advantages of an increase in the use electronic devices in education is the autonomy it provides students. Students have the freedom to doctoral university carolina focus on whatever topic or subject they want and dissertation study it in depth through the internet. A prime example of doctoral of south this is the amount of online university courses available to help center students, covering a myriad of subjects, that up until recently were unavailable to most learners. This has resulted in more people studying third level degrees than ever before, at a pace and schedule that suits them. The main disadvantage associated with increasing use of help university of south technology in education is the decrease in face to face interaction between students. Students spend more time looking at essays of the flies civilization vs savagery, computer screens by themselves than interacting with each other. For instance, the recent explosion in smartphone use has been at the expense of dissertation university of south genuine human interaction. Of The Vs Savagery? This results in soft skills, such as verbal communication and empathy, being affected. In conclusion, the benefits technology brings to education, such as student autonomy, must be weighed against the drawbacks, such as negative effects on human interaction.
Overall, the educational benefits outweigh the university carolina, disadvantages because human beings will always want human contact and most people will not solely use IT for center, education. For more detail on of south carolina, how to answer advantage and disadvantage questions please visit our advantage and essays on lord of the vs savagery disadvantage lesson. Discuss Both Views Question (Discussion Essay) Discuss both points of view and give your opinion. Computers are being used more and doctoral dissertation university carolina more in english education.
Some people say that this is doctoral dissertation help of south, a positive trend, while others argue that it is leading to negative consequences. Discuss both sides of this argument and then give your own opinion. Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question and/or state both viewpoints. Sentence 2- Thesis Statement. Sentence 3- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State first viewpoint. Sentence 2- Discuss first viewpoint. Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint.
Sentence 4- Example to support your view. Sentence 1- State second viewpoint. Sentence 2- Discuss second viewpoint. Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint. Sentence 4- Example to support your view.
Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- State which one is better or more important. There is an essays on lord of the civilization ever increasing use of technology, such as tablets and university laptops, in joad essay the classroom. It is often argued that this is a positive development, whilst others disagree and dissertation help university think it will lead to adverse ramifications. This essay agrees that an increase in technology is beneficial to students and teachers. This essay will discuss both points of view.
It is clear that the Internet has provided students with access to more information than ever before. Moreover, learners have the ability to research and uwo learn about any subject at doctoral university of south carolina, the touch of essay a button. It is therefore agreed that technology is a very worthwhile tool for education. Wikipedia is a prime example, where students can simply type in any keyword and gain access to in-depth knowledge quickly and help university easily. However, many disagree and joad essay feel that technology deprives people of dissertation help university of south carolina real human interaction. 101 Persuasive? Human interaction teaches people valuable skills such as discourse, debate and empathy. Despite this, human interaction is still possible through the internet and this essay disagrees technology should be dismissed for this reason.
For instance, Skype and Facebook make it possible for people to interact in ways that were never before possible. While the benefits of technology, particularly the internet, allow students to tap into limitless sources of information, some still feel that people should be wary of this new phenomena and doctoral dissertation help university carolina not allow it to curb face to face interaction. On Importance Of Indian? However, as long as we are careful to keep in mind the importance of human interaction in education, the educational benefits are clearly positive. For more detail on how to help university of south carolina answer discussion questions please visit our discussion essay lesson. Problem and joad essay solution. Cause and doctoral help solution. Students are becoming more and center more reliant on computers. What are some of the doctoral university carolina, problems associated with reliance on computers, and what are some of the possible solutions?
Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State Problem. Sentence 2- Explain problem. Sentence 3- Result. Sentence 4- Example.
Sentence 1- State Solution. Sentence 2- Explain Solution. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- Recommendation or Prediction. Learners are becoming ever more dependent on technology, such as the Internet and mobile devices. This essay will discuss one of the main problems associated with dependence on short essay on importance of indian culture, computers and suggest a viable solution.
The principal problem with over-reliance on technology, such as tablets and computers, is plagiarism. Students often use search engines to answer a question and simply copy the text from a website, rather than thinking about the question. This practice is doctoral help university carolina, not only prohibited in schools and universities but also stunts a student’s intellectual development. For example, many teachers complain that students copy web pages straight from Wikipedia word for word rather than giving a reasoned answer to their questions. A solution to this worrying problem is help center uwo, asking students to doctoral of south email their answers to teachers and teachers using anti-plagiarism software to essays civilization vs savagery detect copying.
Moreover, students would be made aware of this practice and this would inspire them to answer questions using their own words, rather than someone else’s. For instance, many universities already use this kind software to scan course work for plagiarism and it could be extended to include all homework, by learners in both secondary and tertiary education. In summary, one of the help carolina, main problems with over-use of technology in education is plagiarism and this can be solved through the use of plagiarism detection software. It is predicted that more and help more students’ will email their work to their teacher and this work will be scrutinised for plagiarism. For more detail on dissertation help carolina, how to answer problem and solution questions please visit our problem and solution lesson. There will normally be a statement and they will then ask you to answer to separate questions. As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an service important element of individual wellbeing. What factors contribute to doctoral dissertation university of south job satisfaction? How realistic is the expectation of english 101 persuasive essay job satisfaction for doctoral university, all workers? Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence (mention both questions)
Sentence 1- Answer first question directly. Sentence 2- Explain why. Sentence 3- Further explain. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- Answer second question directly. Sentence 2- Explain why. Sentence 3- Further explain. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- Summary. As the majority of adults spend most of their time at work, being content with your career is a crucial part of dissertation cpe 2006 a person’s health and happiness. This essay will first discuss which elements lead to job satisfaction and it will then address the question of help university carolina how likely it is that everyone can be happy with their job.
The two most important things that lead to someone being satisfied at work are being treated with respect by managers and being compensated fairly. If those more senior than you respect you as a person and the job you are doing then you feel like you are valued. A fair salary and benefits are also important considerations because if you feel you are being underpaid you will either resent your bosses or look for another job. Cpe 2006? There two factors came top of a recent job satisfaction survey conducted by Monster.com, that found that 72% of people were pleased with their current role if their superiors regularly told them they were appreciated. With regards to the question of dissertation university of south happiness for all workers, I think this is and always will be highly unlikely. The vast majority of people fail to cpe 2006 reach their goals and end up working in a post they don’t really care about in return for a salary.
This money is just enough to pay their living expenses which often means they are trapped in a cycle of disenchantment. For example, The Times recently reported that 89% of office workers would leave their jobs if they did not need the money. In conclusion, being satisfied with your trade or profession is an important part of one’s well-being and doctoral dissertation help university of south respect from one’s colleagues and fair pay can improve your level of happiness, however, job satisfaction of cpe 2006 all workers is an dissertation help university of south unrealistic prospect. Can I get a band 8 or 9 following these structures? Nobody can give you a structure that guarantees you a high score. You score is dependent on how good your grammar and service singapore vocabulary is and how well you answer the question. A good structure will help you answer the question to some extent and doctoral dissertation of south carolina boost your score for coherence and cohesion, but you must use relevant ideas and english 101 persuasive essay use these ideas well to doctoral carolina answer the question. Looking for some sample questions?
Here are over 100 sample questions from past exam papers. I hope you found this article useful. Now that you know the structures you should check out our task 2 sample answers to 101 persuasive see how they have been used in practice. Would you like me to check your essay and tell you how to improve? Check out doctoral university of south, our essay correction service. The best way to keep up to date with more great posts like this and to access loads of practice exercises is to like us on english, Facebook. For more help with IELTS please check out IELTS Preparation– The Ultimate Guide. 62 Comments on IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures
Thank you so much for your studies. I really like a sentence from the introduction: “This essay agrees with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils”. But how should I rephrase it in cace I disagree with the doctoral dissertation help university of south, statement? Is OK to write: “This essay DISAGREES with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils”. I would be very thankful if you can provide us with an example for the question type “Two-part Question” the same as you did in the other types. This is a very good essay. This is cpe 2006, great! Very simple and easy to understand.
I hope to do some more practice using the tips here. Thank you! Hi Chris, thank you for creating such a great site. I like your way of structuring essay, but I am concerned about conccesion statements, especially for doctoral dissertation university, agree and disagree essays. Cpe 2006? Could you please suggest where can I fit coccesion statements in these structures. Help Of South? Thank you.
Don’t worry about concessions in opinion essays. Home » Writing Task 2 » IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures. Check your email for essays flies vs savagery, the link. Advantage Exam Preparation Limited. 4 Castleglen Park, Dundrum, County Down, BT33 0WL United Kingdom. The information on this site is for information purposes only. IELTS is doctoral dissertation university carolina, a registered trademark of 101 persuasive University of Cambridge, the British Council, and IDP Education Australia. Doctoral Dissertation Help University Of South Carolina? This site and it's owners are not affiliated, approved or endorsed by the University of Cambridge ESOL, the British Council, and IDP Education Australia.
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