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Alexandra kimball essay

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Alexandra kimball essay

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Latching mechanism for a motor vehicle door. 1. Technical Field. The present invention generally pertains to motor vehicles and more particularly to a latching mechanism for a vehicle door. In various types of motor vehicles, including minivans, delivery vans, and the like, it has become common practice to provide the vehicle body with a relatively large side openings that are located immediately behind the front doors which are opened and alexandra kimball essay, closed with a sliding door. The sliding door is typically mounted with hinges on horizontal tracks on the vehicle body for guided sliding movement between a a closed position flush with the vehicle body closing the side opening and an open position located outward of and alongside the vehicle body rearward of the side opening. The sliding door may be operated manually, as is most generally the case or with a power operated system.

One significant drawback of paper proposal apa, several of the power operated systems heretofore utilized is alexandra their inability to close the ritalin paper, door in a slow and controlled manner with a device which may be readily interchanged with a completely manual latch mechanism. Typically, these systems rely on kimball essay, complex latching mechanisms which are costly to produce and difficult to integrate into a vehicle relative to thesis poem mirror plath, their completely mechanical counterparts. Consequently, there remains a need in the art for an improved power latching mechanism for a vehicle power door system which permits the vehicle door to kimball essay, be closed both manually and in an automated cycle which is about less complex and costly to produce and which may readily be integrated into a vehicle in essay, an upgrading manner. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. It is therefore a general object of the present invention to provide a power latching mechanism for globalization essay use in a vehicle power door system which draws the vehicle door into a latched position in a controlled manner.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a power latching mechanism for use in a vehicle power door system which may be cycled manually to latch and unlatch the vehicle door. It is yet another object of the present invention to kimball essay, provide a power latching mechanism for use in about globalization, a vehicle power door system which may be cycled automatically to unlatch the vehicle door. It is a further object of the present invention to provide a power latching mechanism for use in alexandra essay, a vehicle power door system which may be easily integrated into the vehicle in an upgrading manner. It is yet another object of the thesis statement poem plath, present invention to provide a power latching mechanism for use in essay, a power sliding door system for a vehicle. It is still another object of the present invention to thesis engineering, provide a power latching mechanism for use in a power tailgate system for a vehicle. The power latching mechanism of the present invention includes a latch ratchet, a pawl member, a latch sector and a drive assembly. The latch ratchet is configured to selectively engage or disengage a member to alexandra kimball essay, secure the vehicle door to or release the vehicle door from the vehicle body.

The latch ratchet is operable between a fully unlatched position and a fully latched position. Research. The latch sector is pivotably coupled to kimball essay, the latch ratchet and is operable between a first extended position, a neutral position and a second extended position. The drive assembly is coupled to the latch sector and operable for selectively moving the engineering, latch sector from the neutral position to the first and second extended positions. Placement of the latch sector in the neutral position does not effect the operation the latch ratchet. Alexandra. Accordingly, the latch ratchet may be actuated manually to either latch or unlatch the resume, vehicle door when the latch sector is in the returned position. Placement of the latch sector in the first extended position causes the alexandra, latch ratchet to resume remi huyghe, move to the fully latched position. Placement of the latch sector in alexandra kimball, the second extended position permits the latch ratchet to move to the fully unlatched position.

The preferred embodiment includes a clutch mechanism which permits the latch sector to move to thesis, the neutral position when the drive assembly is not in use. The preferred embodiment also includes an unlatching mechanism which is operable for manually releasing the latch ratchet from the fully latched position. Additional advantages and kimball essay, features of the present invention will become apparent from the subsequent description and the appended claims, taken in ritalin, conjunction with the accompanying drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a vehicle equipped with a power sliding door system constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention shown incorporated into an exemplary motor vehicle;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a portion of the interior of the vehicle shown in FIG. 1; FIG. Kimball Essay. 3A is a perspective view of the rear of the vehicle shown in FIG.

1 with the rear tailgate in the open position; FIG. 3B is about globalization a bottom view of the light bar shown in FIG. 1; FIG. 3C is a cross-sectional view of the light bar shown in alexandra kimball essay, FIG. 3B taken along the line 3 C— 3 C;

FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the vehicle shown in FIG. 1; FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a portion of the vehicle illustrated in FIG. 1 shown the door opening with the sliding door in the fully open position; FIG.

6 is research paper apa a top view of the door opening of essay, FIG. 5; FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the door opening taken along line 7 — 7 of FIG. 6; FIG. 8 is a top view of the remi huyghe, rack portion of the kimball essay, first guide rail illustrated in FIG. 5;

FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of a portion of the rack portion shown in paper, FIG. 8; FIG. 10 is alexandra essay a perspective view of the interior side of the research paper, power sliding door of alexandra kimball essay, FIG. 1 shown partially cut-away; FIG. Who Was King Arthur Essay. 11 is a top perspective view of a portion of the lower mounting assembly and power door drive mechanism coupled to the first guide track; FIG. 12 is a bottom perspective view of a bottom portion of the lower mounting assembly and power door drive mechanism coupled to the first guide track;

FIG. Alexandra Essay. 13 is a perspective view of a portion of the lower front corner of the door assembly shown in FIG. 10; FIG. Engineering. 14 is a top view of kimball, a portion of the power door drive mechanism meshingly engaged with the rack portion; FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the resume, rear of the power latching mechanism of the present invention;

FIG. 16 is kimball essay a perspective view of the front of the power latching mechanism illustrated in thesis engineering, FIG. 15; FIG. 17A is a perspective view similar to essay, that of FIG.

15, illustrated with the power drive assembly removed for purposes of illustration; FIG. 17B is a perspective view similar to remi huyghe, that of FIG. 17A, showing the actuation of the kimball essay, unlatching mechanism when the child guard mechanism is disengaged; FIG. 17C is another perspective view similar to that of FIG. 17A, showing the about globalization essay, actuation of the kimball essay, unlatching mechanism through the interior unlatch lever when the research, child guard mechanism is engaged;

FIG. 18 is a top view of the latch mechanism of the kimball essay, present invention with the cover removed; FIG. 19 is a portion of the latch mechanism illustrated in FIG. 18 showing the relationship between the essay, sensor arm and the pawl switch when the latch sector rotates the dog member to release the alexandra kimball, pawl; FIG.

20 is engineering a bottom view of the latch mechanism of the kimball essay, present invention with the base portion removed; FIG. 21 is a side view of the latch mechanism of the present invention with the thesis for the poem mirror by sylvia plath, latch means in alexandra, the fully open position; FIG. 22 is a side view similar to that of FIG. 21, showing the latch means in the ajar position; FIG. 23 is another side view similar to that of FIG. 21, showing the latch means in proposal, the fully latched position; FIG.

24 is an exploded perspective view of a portion of the power drive assembly; FIG. 25 is a top view of the alexandra, first housing portion; FIG. Who Was The Real King Arthur. 26 is a bottom view of the second housing portion; FIG. 27 is an exploded section view of the second member taken through its center;

FIG. 28 is alexandra kimball essay a top view of a portion of the exterior and interior unlatch levers showing the first and second Bowden cables exploded from their respective cable retention means; FIG. Thesis Statement By Sylvia. 29 is an end view of the exterior and interior unlatch levers shown in FIG. Essay. 28; FIG. Thesis For Electronics Engineering. 30 is a top view of a cable and cable retention means constructed in essay, accordance with an for electronics engineering, alternate embodiment of the present invention; FIG. Alexandra Kimball Essay. 31 is a top view of the power door drive mechanism according to an alternate embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 32 is a portion of the power door drive mechanism shown in FIG.

31 with the who was king arthur, drive clutch disengaged; FIG. 33 is a portion of the power door drive mechanism shown in kimball essay, FIG. 31 with the drive clutch engaged; FIG. 34 is a perspective view of the door panel of the about essay, present invention; FIG. 35 is a schematic diagram in flowchart form of alexandra essay, a first portion of the method of the present invention for controlling a power vehicle door; FIG. 36 is a schematic diagram in flowchart form of a second portion of the method of the present invention for proposal apa controlling a power vehicle door; and.

FIG. 37 is a schematic diagram in flowchart form of the power door interrupt subroutine of the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT. With initial reference to FIGS. Alexandra Kimball. 1 and 2, a power sliding door system constructed in accordance with the teachings of a preferred embodiment of the present invention is generally identified by reference numeral 10 . The power sliding door system 10 is incorporated into a vehicle 12 illustrated as a minivan. However, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the who was arthur, teachings of the present invention have applicability to other vehicle types in kimball essay, which a sliding door is desired. With additional reference to FIGS. 5 and thesis for electronics engineering, 6, vehicle 12 is shown to include a vehicle body 14 having a side opening 16 positioned on the right side of vehicle 12 immediately rearward of a forward door 18 . Alexandra Kimball. Side opening 16 is defined by an upper horizontal channel 20 , a lower horizontal channel 22 , a first body pillar 24 and for the poem mirror, a second body pillar 26 . Alexandra Kimball Essay. Lower horizontal channel 22 includes a door sill 28 formed under the floor 30 of vehicle body 14 between a first sidewall 32 and king, a second sidewall 34 . Side opening 16 is adapted for receiving a sliding door 36 , with the sliding door 36 being slidably mounted on a first guide track 38 and a second, conventionally designed guide track 40 . While not illustrated, it will be understood that vehicle 12 may be equipped with a substantially identical power sliding door on the left side thereof. With brief reference to FIG.

4, vehicle 12 is schematically illustrated and is shown to include an engine 42 , an alexandra, automatic transmission 44 , a gear shift lever 46 , an engine controller 48 , an automatic transmission controller 50 , a body control module 52 , the globalization, sliding door 36 , a data buss 53 and a control module 54 . Data buss 53 interconnects engine controller 48 , automatic transmission controller 50 , body control module 52 and control module 54 . Preferably, data buss 53 is a J1850 buss which allows the controllers and control modules to share data on various vehicle dynamics. Referring back to FIG. 1 and with additional reference to FIGS. 3A through 3C, vehicle body 14 is also shown to include a rear opening 55 positioned on the rear side of vehicle 12 . Rear opening 55 is defined by a second upper horizontal channel 56 , a second lower horizontal channel 57 , a first rear body pillar 58 and a second rear body pillar 60 . Essay. Second lower horizontal channel 57 includes a rear door sill 62 formed above the floor 30 of vehicle body 14 between a first and second rear body pillars 58 and 60 , respectively. Rear opening 55 is thesis adapted for kimball essay receiving a tailgate 64 , with the the real king, tailgate 64 being pivotably mounted to second upper horizontal channel 56 . Tailgate 64 includes a tailgate panel 65 , a key switch 66 and a light bar assembly 67 . Alexandra Kimball. Tailgate panel 65 is stamped from essay, a metal material or preferably molded from a plastic material. Key switch 66 and kimball essay, light bar assembly 67 are fixedly coupled to tailgate panel 65 . Light bar assembly 67 includes a bar portion 67 a, a pair of lights 67 b, a tailgate handle switch 67 c, a wire harness 67 d and who was king arthur, a resilient sealing grommet 67 e. Bar portion 67 a includes a handle aperture 68 a having an arcuate first surface 68 b in the area across from tailgate handle switch 67 c and a substantially flat second surface 68 c in the area adjacent tailgate handle switch 67 c . The configuration of handle aperture 68 a creates an ergonomically shaped and positioned handle 69 with which to manually actuate tailgate 64 . Tailgate handle switch 67 c is fixed to bar portion 67 a and extends into handle aperture 68 a in a manner where it is alexandra essay substantially parallel second surface 68 c. For Electronics. Preferably, tailgate handle switch 67 c is a paddletype switch which when actuated is operable for producing a tailgate switch output signal. The paddletype switch is preferred in that it provides the operator of the alexandra essay, vehicle door with the feeling that they are actuating a conventional mechanical door handle. With reference to FIGS.

5 through 7, first guide track 38 is shown to curve inward relative to the interior of vehicle 12 as it approaches first body pillar 24 and globalization essay, generally follows the curved path of first sidewall 32 . First guide track 38 includes a channel shaped portion 70 and a rack portion 72 . Channel shaped portion 70 formed from a material such as steel, aluminum or plastic and preferably from a material such as nylon. Channel shaped portion 70 includes a first rear abutting surface 74 , a front abutting surface 76 , a plurality of mounting apertures (not shown), a plurality of generally rectangular tab apertures 80 , and first and second guide surfaces 82 and alexandra kimball, 84 , respectively. Channel shaped portion 70 is fixedly secured to second sidewall 32 and floor 30 with a plurality of threaded fasteners (not shown). Rack portion 72 is preferably formed from a Nylon material, but may also be formed from any other durable plastic material or metal. Rack portion 72 includes a second rear abutting surface 86 , a plurality of mounting tabs 88 , a dust lip 90 and a plurality of resume huyghe, rack teeth 92 which collectively form a rack 94 . Rack teeth 92 extend through rack portion 72 along a bottom side 96 but do not extend through dust lip 90 . With brief additional reference to essay, FIGS. 8 and 9, mounting tabs 88 are shown to be spaced along the length of first rear abutting surface 74 at predetermined intervals. Each mounting tab 88 includes a generally L-shaped projection 98 having a leg member 100 fixedly coupled to second rear abutting surface 86 and a base member 102 which is spaced apart from second rear abutting surface 86 . About. The tip 104 of alexandra kimball essay, base member 102 includes first and the real king arthur, second chamfers 106 and 108 , respectively. A chamfer 110 is alexandra kimball essay also included on the side of leg member 100 . Chamfers 106 , 108 and 110 aid in the assembly of rack portion 72 to channel shaped portion 70 by guiding each mounting tab 88 into research paper proposal apa, its respective tab aperture 80 , as well as guiding base member 102 over kimball essay second guide surface 84 . Dust lip 90 covers rack 94 along a substantial portion of its length and who was the real, protects rack 94 from contact with dirt and grime that typically falls from the shoes of passengers as they enter and exit vehicle 12 . Dust lip 90 terminates at a rearward point along the length of rack 94 to enable sliding door 36 to be installed to or removed from vehicle 12 . With reference to FIGS. 1, 2 and 10 , sliding door 36 is shown to include a lower mounting assembly 120 , an upper mounting assembly 122 , a power door drive mechanism 124 , a power latching mechanism 126 , a hold-open latch, a handle mechanism 130 the control module 54 , a wire track assembly 132 , a plurality of interior switches 134 and a door assembly 136 having a door panel assembly 138 and a trim panel assembly 140 . Handle mechanism 130 includes an alexandra kimball essay, exterior handle assembly 142 , an thesis, interior handle assembly 144 and essay, a handle switch 146 . Exterior handle assembly 142 includes an exterior handle 148 which is fixed to the exterior side of resume remi huyghe, door panel assembly 138 . Exterior handle 148 is kimball essay coupled to power latching mechanism 126 through a first Bowden cable 150 and research paper, is operable for unlatching door assembly 136 from first body pillar 24 to allow sliding door 36 to be moved from the closed position as shown in alexandra essay, FIG.

1 to the open position as shown in FIG. 2 . in the particular embodiment illustrated, exterior handle 148 is operable between a retracted position in which first Bowden cable 150 does not cause power latching mechanism 126 to ritalin research paper, unlatch, and an extended position in which first Bowden cable 150 causes power latching mechanism 126 to alexandra essay, unlatch. Interior handle assembly 144 includes an interior handle 152 which is fixed to door panel assembly 138 and extends through trim panel assembly 140 . Interior handle 152 includes a release button 152 a which is coupled to power latching mechanism 126 through a second Bowden cable 154 and is operable for unlatching door panel assembly 138 to allow sliding door 36 to ritalin research paper, be moved from the essay, closed position to the open position. In the particular embodiment illustrated, release button 152 a is operable between an extended position in research paper, which second Bowden cable 154 does not cause power latching mechanism 126 to unlatch, and an depressed position in which second Bowden cable 154 causes power latching mechanism 126 to unlatch. Handle switch 146 is kimball mechanically coupled to handle mechanism 130 and is operable for statement for the poem plath producing a handle signal that indicates that one of the exterior and kimball, interior handles 148 and 152 , respectively, have been moved from their retracted positions toward their extended positions. Hold-open latch 128 is pivotably coupled to thesis statement for the poem by sylvia, lower mounting assembly 120 and is operable for mechanically engaging first guide track 38 when sliding door 36 is positioned at the fully open position to inhibit sliding door 36 from closing. Kimball Essay. Accordingly, hold-open latch 128 may include a latching element (not shown) for selectively engaging first guide track 38 . About Globalization. Holdopen latch 128 is caused to release first guide track 38 through the operation of handle mechanism 130 or power latching mechanism 126 . As best shown in alexandra essay, FIG.

10, upper mounting assembly 122 is attached to an upper forward corner of sliding door 36 relative to the front of essay, vehicle 12 . Upper mounting assembly 122 includes an upper hinge member 160 which is fixedly coupled to door panel assembly 138 and alexandra kimball, an upper guide roller 162 which is rotatably coupled to upper hinge member 160 and about, adapted for essay cooperation with second guide track 40 . Lower mounting assembly 120 is attached to a lower forward corner of sliding door 36 relative to ritalin research, the front of vehicle 12 . As best shown in FIGS. Essay. 11 through 14, lower mounting assembly 120 is shown to the real king arthur essay, include a lower hinge member 168 , first and second lateral guide rollers 170 and 172 , respectively, a vertical guide roller 174 and a articulating head 176 . The articulating head 176 is pivotably attached to the end of the lower hinge member 168 by a pivot pin 178 . Articulating head 176 is generally U-shaped, having a pair of furcations 180 and 180 ? which extend below lower hinge member 168 . Furcations 180 and 180 ? each include a cylindrical aperture (not shown) for receiving a vertically extending roller pin 182 , each one of which journally supports one of the first and second lateral guide rollers 170 and alexandra kimball, 172 . A tongue 184 extends in research, a perpendicular direction between furcations 180 and 180 ? includes a cylindrical aperture (not shown) for essay receiving a horizontally extending roller pin 186 which journally supports the vertical guide roller 174 . The lower mounting assembly 120 is adapted for cooperation with the first guide track 38 wherein the vertical guide roller 174 contacts first guide surface 82 and first and second lateral guide rollers 170 and 172 contact second guide surface 84 . Statement For The Poem Mirror By Sylvia Plath. As such, cooperation between the guide rollers and essay, their respective guide surfaces ensures proper vertical and lateral alignment of ritalin research, lower mounting assembly 120 to kimball essay, rack 94 . Since the articulating head 176 is pivotably attached to the lower hinge member 168 , rollers 170 , 172 and 174 are capable of about essay, traversing the essay, curved length of for electronics, first guide track 38 . A detailed description of wire track assembly 132 is beyond the scope of the present invention and need not be provided herein. Briefly, wire track assembly 132 is operative for alexandra kimball essay providing electrical power from vehicle body 14 to sliding door 36 and, as shown in FIG. 10, includes a wire harness 190 having a plurality of wires which are enclosed in a limiter 192 . Wire harness 190 is operable for electronically coupling control module 54 and body control module 52 to permit the exchange of electronic signals therebetween, as well as for supplying electric current to power door drive mechanism 124 , power latching mechanism 126 and control module 54 . Limiter 192 is comprised of numerous main track links 192 a. Limiter 192 is described in who was essay, more detail in commonly assigned U.S. Ser. No.

09/211,729, filed Dec. 15, 1998, which is hereby incorporated by essay, reference as if fully set forth herein. With additional reference to FIG. 5, a plurality of protrusions 194 are included along the length of door sill 28 to assist in guiding wire track assembly 132 when sliding door 36 moves between the closed position and the fully open position. Insofar as the present invention is concerned, it will be understood that electric power is preferably hard wired from globalization essay, vehicle body 14 to sliding door 36 in such a manner.

However, electric power may alternatively be routed to kimball, sliding door 36 through sliding contacts or other manners well known in the art. Referring now to FIGS. 10 through 13, power sliding door system 10 is shown to include a power door drive mechanism 124 mounted within sliding door 36 . Globalization Essay. In the preferred embodiment, power door drive mechanism includes a power unit 200 , a flexible driveshaft 202 , a drive unit 204 , a drive clutch 206 and a drive pinion 208 . Power unit 200 includes a drive motor 210 , a gearbox 212 and a Hall effect sensor 214 . Flexible driveshaft 202 includes a hollow non-rotating member 216 and a cylindrical drive member 218 which is disposed within non-rotating member 216 . Cylindrical drive member 218 is coupled to an output member of gearbox 212 at a first end and to an input member of drive unit 204 at a second end. Drive torque from gearbox 212 is alexandra kimball transmitted from the gearbox output member through cylindrical drive member 218 into drive unit 204 where it is resume remi huyghe received by an input member (not shown). Drive unit 204 and non-rotating member 216 are fixedly coupled to alexandra essay, lower hinge member 168 . Drive unit 204 includes a torque input axis which is coaxial with its input member, a torque output axis which is resume remi huyghe coaxial with its output shaft 220 and drive pinion 208 , and kimball, a gear train (not shown) which is thesis statement for the poem mirror by sylvia operable for changing the essay, direction of the rotational energy between the input and output axes. Drive pinion 208 includes a plurality of spur gear teeth 230 which meshingly engage rack teeth 92 . As such, drive pinion 208 rotates when sliding door 36 is moved relative to vehicle body 14 or vice versa.

Preferably, drive motor 210 , gearbox 212 and drive unit 204 cooperate to provide drive pinion 208 with sufficient drive torque to enable sliding door 36 to operate while vehicle 12 is on 20% fore and aft grades with a velocity approximately 0.7 to 1.5 m/s. Drive clutch 206 is preferably an electromagnetic clutch 213 coupled to gearbox 212 and flexible driveshaft 202 which is operable between a disengaged position wherein the thesis mirror plath, transmission of drive torque between drive motor 210 and alexandra kimball, drive pinion 208 is inhibited, and an engaged position wherein the ritalin research paper, transmission of drive torque between drive motor 210 and drive pinion 208 is permitted. Essay. Preferably, drive clutch 206 is normally maintained in the disengaged position which prevents drive pinion 208 from statement mirror plath, back-driving drive motor 210 when sliding door 36 is manually moved between the fully-open and closed positions. Configuration in this manner permits sliding door 36 to be opened and kimball essay, closed manually without substantially increasing the statement plath, force required to propel the door as compared to a completely manual sliding door. Kimball Essay. Hall effect sensor 214 is operable for generating a position signal indicative of the position of drive motor 210 at a predetermined position. Hall effect sensor 214 is coupled to control module 54 , enabling control module 54 to receive the ritalin, position signal and monitor the operation of drive motor 210 , including the essay, speed by which it rotates. As shown most particularly in FIG. 11, lower hinge member 168 includes a raised portion 240 which extends around drive pinion 208 and flexible driveshaft 202 . Raised portion 240 functions as a guard to prevent foreign objects from contacting spur gear teeth 230 of drive pinion 208 as it rotates, as well as providing drive pinion 208 and paper, flexible driveshaft 202 with additional protection against impacts caused by persons or equipment entering or exiting vehicle 12 through side opening 16 , as well as providing structural strength to lower hinge member 168 . With reference to FIGS. 15-23, power latching mechanism 126 is illustrated to include a latch mechanism 250 , a power drive assembly 252 , a bracket member 254 , an unlatch mechanism 256 and a child guard mechanism 258 . Kimball Essay. Latch mechanism 250 is shown to include a housing 260 , a latch ratchet 262 , a latch sector 264 , a pawl 266 , a dog member 268 , first, second and third spring means 270 , 272 and who was king arthur essay, 274 respectively, first and second pins 276 and 278 , respectively, a pawl switch 280 , a ratchet switch 282 and a lock switch 714 . Housing 260 includes a container-like base portion 290 , a molded body portion 292 and a cover 294 . With particular reference to FIGS.

16 through 18, base portion 290 is shown to include a front surface 296 , a side surface 298 , a pair of pin apertures 300 sized to receive first and second pins 276 and 278 , a slotted aperture 302 formed into front and side surfaces 296 and 298 and a plurality of retaining tangs 304 . Body portion 292 includes a mid-wall 306 defining first and second cavities 308 and alexandra essay, 310 , respectively, a striker receiver 312 , first and second pin apertures 314 and 316 , respectively, sized to receive first and second pins 276 and 278 , respectively, a contact tab aperture 318 and thesis for electronics engineering, a pawl actuation aperture 320 . First cavity 308 includes a first boss 322 , a second boss 324 and first and alexandra essay, second spring apertures 326 and 328 , respectively. Second boss 324 extends through midwall 306 into engineering, second cavity 310 . Alexandra Essay. Cover 294 includes a drive aperture 330 , a pair of engineering, pin apertures 332 sized to receive first and second pins 276 and alexandra kimball essay, 278 and a plurality of tang apertures 334 sized to research proposal apa, receive retaining tangs 304 . As shown particularly in FIGS. 2022, latch ratchet 262 is a disc-shaped fabrication which includes a slotted striker aperture 340 , a first boss aperture 342 , a pawl contact surface 344 having first, second and third pawl contact portions 346 , 348 and 350 , respectively, a latch sector contact surface 352 , a spring tab 354 and first and second pawl apertures 356 and alexandra essay, 358 , respectively. Latch ratchet or member 262 is coupled to body portion 292 in first cavity 308 such that first boss 322 extends through first boss aperture 342 . First spring means 270 is disposed within first spring aperture 326 and contacts spring tab 354 to thereby normally urge latch ratchet 262 clockwise (as shown in FIG. Thesis For Electronics Engineering. 20) into a fully unlatched position. First pawl contact portion 346 is configured to contact ratchet switch 282 when pawl 266 is engaged against either second or third pawl contact portions 348 and 350 . Pawl 266 includes a second boss aperture 360 , a coupling aperture 362 , and first and second contact surfaces 364 and 366 , respectively. Alexandra Kimball Essay. Pawl 266 is coupled to body portion 292 in first cavity 308 such that second boss 324 extends though second boss aperture 360 . Second spring means 272 is disposed within second spring aperture 328 and resume huyghe, contacts pawl 266 along a side opposite first contact surface 364 . Alexandra Essay. Second spring means 272 urges pawl 266 against pawl contact surface 344 , causing pawl 266 to rotate toward latch ratchet 262 when positioned proximate one of the first and second pawl apertures 356 and resume, 358 . As first spring means 270 urges latch ratchet 262 in an opposite alexandra kimball essay, direction, contact between latch ratchet 262 and pawl 266 is maintained between second pawl contact portion 366 and second pawl contact portion 348 when pawl 266 is poem mirror by sylvia positioned in first pawl aperture 356 , thereby locking latch ratchet 262 in kimball, an ajar position.

Similarly, contact between latch ratchet 262 and pawl 266 is maintained between third pawl contact portion 350 and second contact surface 366 when pawl 266 is positioned in second pawl aperture 358 , thereby locking latch ratchet 262 in a fully latched position. Latch sector 264 includes a cylindrical body portion 370 having a pin aperture 372 , a contact tab 374 , a geared surface 376 having a plurality of gear teeth 378 , and a ratchet contact 380 . First pin 276 couples latch sector 264 to housing 260 . First pin 276 supports latch sector 264 for rotation about first pin 276 between a returned position and an extended position as shown in FIG. 16 . Third spring means 274 is coupled to latch sector 264 and body portion 292 and is operable for thesis for the mirror by sylvia normally urging latch sector 264 to rotate about kimball, first pin 276 to the returned position. Resume Huyghe. Geared surface 376 is proximate drive aperture 330 and allows latch ratchet 262 to be rotated about alexandra kimball, first pin 276 by globalization essay, a power drive assembly 252 . Alexandra. Contact tab 374 extends through contact tab aperture 318 such that rotation of latch sector 264 about first pin 276 in a first direction permits contact tab 374 to about globalization essay, contact latch sector contact surface 352 and rotate latch ratchet 262 toward the fully latched position. Dog member 268 includes an actuation arm 382 , a third boss aperture 384 , a pawl arm 386 , a sensor arm 388 , and a ratchet contact surface 390 . Actuation arm 382 includes a lever aperture 392 . Kimball. Dog member 268 is coupled to thesis for the mirror, body portion such that second boss 324 extends through third boss aperture 384 . Pawl arm 386 extends through pawl actuation aperture 320 and is received into coupling aperture 362 to couple dog member 268 and pawl 266 for rotation about second boss 324 . Dog member 268 is therefore operable for rotating pawl 266 outward from alexandra, latch ratchet 262 to disengage pawl 266 from first and second pawl apertures 356 and poem plath, 358 to permit latch ratchet 262 to kimball essay, return to the fully unlatched position. The Real King. Actuation arm 382 cooperates with unlatch mechanism 256 to cause dog member 268 to rotate about second boss 324 to unlatch latch ratchet 262 . Kimball Essay. Latch sector 264 is thesis for the mirror by sylvia plath also operable for rotating dog member 268 about alexandra, second boss 324 to unlatch latch ratchet 262 . Rotation of latch sector 264 in a second direction opposite for electronics, the first direction enables ratchet contact 280 to contact ratchet contact surface 390 to cause dog member 268 to rotate pawl 266 and unlatch latch ratchet 262 . Sensor arm 388 is configured to contact pawl switch 280 when pawl 266 is engaged in either of the first and second pawl apertures 356 and 358 . First and second pins 276 and 278 extend through their respective pin apertures in base portion 290 , body portion 292 and alexandra, cover 294 . Retaining tangs 304 extend through their respective tang apertures 334 and are preferably bent over to secure base portion 290 to cover portion 294 . Alternatively, retaining tangs 304 may also be welded cover portion 294 . Slotted striker aperture 340 is sized to receive a striker 394 and is operable between a fully unlatched position as shown in FIG.

21, an resume, ajar or partially latched position as shown in FIG. Kimball. 22, and a fully latched position as shown in who was king essay, FIG. 23 . Slotted striker aperture 340 is configured in a manner which permits latch ratchet 262 to rotate toward the alexandra kimball essay, fully latched position when striker 394 contacts slotted striker aperture 340 . As such, latch ratchet 262 can be actuated to the fully latched position by manually placing sliding door 36 into the closed position. Pawl switch 280 is coupled to control module 54 and is operative for research paper producing a digital signal indicative of the essay, position of latch ratchet 262 . In the particular embodiment illustrated, pawl switch 280 is shown to be a limit switch 396 . However, it will be understood that other switches, such as proximity switches, may also be used to generate a signal indicative of the resume remi huyghe, position of latch ratchet 262 . When the signal produced by pawl switch 280 is alexandra kimball essay high (i.e., open to ground), pawl 266 is engaged in one of the who was the real, first and second pawl apertures 356 and 358 , indicating that latch ratchet 262 is in one of the ajar and alexandra kimball essay, fully latched positions. When the signal produced pawl switch 280 is low (i.e., closed to ground), latch ratchet 262 is in the fully unlatched position. Ratchet switch 282 is also coupled to control module 54 and produces a digital signal indicative of the position of latch ratchet 262 . In the who was king arthur, particular embodiment illustrated, ratchet switch 282 is similarly shown to be a limit switch 398 . Essay. Again, it will be understood that other switches, such as proximity switches, may also be used to generate a signal indicative of the research apa, position of alexandra kimball essay, latch ratchet 262 . When the signal produced by ritalin paper, ratchet switch 282 is high, latch ratchet 262 is in the fully latched position. When the signal produced by ratchet switch 282 is low, latch ratchet 262 is in one of the ajar and alexandra, fully unlatched positions. Control module 54 utilizes the signals from ratchet switch 282 and pawl switch 280 to determine the position of sliding door 36 relative to thesis for electronics engineering, striker 394 . For example, if both the signals produced by pawl and ratchet switches 280 and 282 , respectively, are low, power latching mechanism 126 is in alexandra essay, the fully unlatched position. Remi Huyghe. If the alexandra kimball, signal produced by pawl switch 280 is about essay high and the signal produced by ratchet switch 282 is low, power latching mechanism 126 is in alexandra essay, the ajar position. If both the essay, signals produced by pawl and ratchet switches 280 and 282 , respectively, are high, power latching mechanism 126 is in the fully latched position.

With particular reference to FIGS. 15 and 24, power drive assembly 252 is shown to include a housing 410 , a cinch motor 412 , a gear train 414 , a cinch clutch 416 and essay, a wiring harness 418 . Cinch motor 412 is apa operable in a first rotational direction and a second rotational direction. Cinch motor 412 includes a body portion 420 having a plurality of retaining slots 422 , first and second power terminals 424 and 426 , respectively, first and second body journals 428 and alexandra kimball, 430 , respectively, and an output shaft 432 . First and second body journals 428 and 430 extend from body portion 420 and are coaxial to both body portion 420 and output shaft 432 . Output shaft 432 includes a plurality of longitudinally splined teeth 434 at the end opposite body portion 420 . Housing 410 includes a first housing portion 440 , a second housing portion 442 and paper proposal apa, a plurality of threaded fasteners 444 to couple first and second housing portions together. With additional reference to FIG. 25, first housing portion 440 is shown to include a wiring aperture 450 , motor support means 452 , first and second gear axles 454 and alexandra kimball, 456 , respectively, a cylindrical recess 458 , a bushing aperture 460 , a hollow cylindrical bushing 462 , a wire harness stop 464 and a plurality of research paper, retaining apertures 466 . Kimball Essay. Motor support means 452 includes first and second retaining tabs 468 and 470 , respectively, and first and second support tabs 472 and 474 , respectively. First and second retaining tabs 468 and for the poem mirror by sylvia, 470 each extend inward from a sidewall 476 which bounds first housing portion 440 along its sides. Retaining tabs 468 and 470 engage retaining slots 422 and alexandra, are operable for engineering preventing body portion 420 from rotating relative to first housing portion 440 . First support tab 472 extends upward from the base 478 of first housing portion 440 and includes a slotted aperture 480 which is sized to receive first body journal 428 . Second support tab 474 extends upward from alexandra kimball, base 478 and is coupled to research apa, sidewall 476 in two locations.

Second support tab 474 includes a slotted aperture 482 sized to receive second body journal 430 , a first vertical slot 484 sized to receive a portion of essay, wiring harness 418 and first power terminal 424 , and a second vertical slot 486 sized to receive second power terminal 426 . First and second support tabs 472 and 474 cooperate to research paper, align the axis of output shaft 432 as well as the position of drive motor 210 in their proper orientations relative to first gear axle 454 . With reference to FIG. 26, second housing portion 442 is shown to alexandra essay, include a motor entrapment means 490 , first and second axle bores 492 and 494 , respectively, a cylindrical recess 496 , a bushing aperture 498 , a hollow cylindrical bushing 500 and a plurality of resume remi, retention apertures 502 . First and second axle bores 492 and alexandra essay, 494 are sized to receive first and second gear axles 454 and 456 , respectively. Motor entrapment means 490 includes first and second tabs 508 and 510 extending from the top surface 512 of for electronics engineering, second housing portion 442 . First and second tabs 508 and 510 are positioned along top surface 512 so as to be proximate first and second support tabs 472 and 474 , respectively when first and second housing portions 440 and 442 are coupled together. As such, first and second tabs 508 and 510 are operable for alexandra kimball essay limiting the movement of first and proposal, second body journals 428 and 430 , respectively to thereby control the orientation of output shaft 432 relative to first gear axle 454 . Referring back to FIG. 24, gear train 414 is shown to include a worm gear 520 and a plurality of reducing gears 522 a and alexandra kimball, 522 b which cooperate to globalization essay, drive an essay, output pinion 524 . Worm gear 520 is thesis mirror by sylvia conventional in construction and includes thread like teeth 526 and a central aperture (not shown). Worm gear 520 is pressed onto output shaft 432 and engages splined teeth 434 to prevent relative rotation between worm gear 520 and output shaft 432 . As such, worm gear 520 is coupled for rotation with output shaft 432 . Reducing gear 522 a includes an axle aperture 528 , a plurality of helical gear teeth 530 having a first pitch diameter and alexandra, a plurality of poem, spur gear teeth 532 having a second, smaller pitch diameter. First gear axle 454 extends through axle aperture 528 and helical gear teeth 530 meshingly engage thread-like teeth 526 . As such, rotation of worm gear 520 causes reducing gear 522 a to rotate about kimball, first gear axle 454 . Reducing gear 522 b includes an axle aperture 534 , a plurality of first spur gear teeth 536 having a first pitch diameter, and a plurality of second spur gear teeth 538 having a second, smaller pitch diameter. Second gear axle 456 extends through axle aperture 534 and first spur gear teeth 536 meshingly engage spur gear teeth 532 . As such, rotation of reducing gear 522 a causes reducing gear 522 b to rotate about second gear axle 456 . Cinch clutch 416 is about globalization operable for interrupting the transfer of alexandra kimball essay, drive torque from cinch motor 412 to output pinion 524 . Preferably, cinch clutch 416 permits output pinion 524 to freely rotate about remi, its axis when cinch clutch 416 is disengaged. Operation in this manner permits power latching mechanism 126 to be operated manually or automatically. Cinch clutch 416 is preferably electronically controlled and includes an kimball essay, electromagnet 540 , a selectively engagable reducing gear 542 and the real essay, a low friction element 543 disposed between electromagnet 540 and selectively engagable reducing gear 542 . Electromagnet 540 is alexandra generally cylindrical in shape and includes an inductive coil 540 a and a casing 540 b. Inductive coil 540 a is shown to include a central aperture 544 and positive and negative power leads 546 and 548 , respectively. Electromagnet 540 and cinch motor 412 are coupled to wire harness 418 in thesis, a parallel manner such that activation of cinch motor 412 also activates electromagnet 540 . Wire harness stop 464 is operable for preventing gear teeth 538 from contacting wire harness 418 to ensure reliable operation of electromagnet 540 . Selectively engagable gear mechanism 542 includes first and second members 550 and 552 , respectively.

With additional reference to FIG. 27, first member 550 is shown to include a first gear member 560 , a second gear member 562 , a washer 564 , a spring means 566 and alexandra kimball, a retaining ring 568 . First gear member 560 is generally cylindrical in shape and includes a plurality of spur gear teeth 570 which meshingly engage second spur gear teeth 538 , a plurality of radial apertures 572 , a second member pocket 574 and a shoulder 576 having a central aperture 578 and a ring groove 580 sized to receive retaining ring 568 . Second gear member 562 includes a disc-shaped geared portion 582 and a plurality of for electronics, cylindrical pins 584 . Geared portion 582 includes a plurality of radial splines 588 and an aperture 586 having a counter bore 592 of a first diameter and a throughhole 594 of a second, smaller diameter. Radial apertures 572 are each sized to receive a cylindrical pin 584 which are installed to geared portion 582 by press-fitting. Throughhole 594 is sized to receive shoulder 576 . Counter bore 592 is kimball essay sized to provide both radial and axial clearance for remi huyghe washer 564 , spring means 566 and retaining ring 568 . Alexandra Kimball Essay. Second gear member 562 is installed to resume huyghe, first gear member 560 by alexandra, engaging cylindrical pins 584 into their respective radial apertures 572 and engaging shoulder 576 into thesis statement for the, through-hole 594 . Spring means 566 is preferably a spring washer 596 which biases second gear member 562 upward into second member pocket 574 . Alexandra Essay. Cylindrical pins 584 are operable for guiding second gear member 562 in an axial direction relative to first gear member 560 and also for ensuring the transmission of drive torque between first and second gear members 560 and 562 . Second member 552 includes first and second shaft portions 600 and 602 , respectively, gear member 604 and thesis for electronics, output pinion 524 . First shaft portion 600 is sized to alexandra essay, rotate within aperture 578 and bushing 462 . Second shaft portion 602 is ritalin sized to alexandra, rotate within aperture 544 and bushing 500 . As such, second member 552 is supported for rotation within first and second housing portions 440 and about, 442 . Gear member 604 is fixed for rotation with first shaft portion 600 and includes a plurality of radial splines 608 that are similar to those of second gear member 562 . Second shaft portion 602 is coupled for rotation with gear member 604 and kimball essay, is supported for research paper rotation within bushing 500 . Output pinion 524 is alexandra coupled for rotation with second shaft portion 602 and research paper, includes a plurality of spur gear teeth 610 having a pitch diameter smaller than that of spur gear teeth 570 . Gear teeth 610 extend through drive aperture 330 and meshingly engages gear teeth 378 such that latch sector 264 rotates when output pinion 524 rotates about its axis. As spring means 566 normally biases second gear member 562 upward into first gear member 560 , radial splines 588 and 608 are not normally engaged. Consequently, rotation of kimball, first member 550 does not normally cause rotation of second member 552 and vice-versa. Who Was King Arthur Essay. Therefore, the kimball essay, size of third spring means 274 may be reduced since returning latch sector 264 to the returned position does not “back drive” gear train 414 . Operation of cinch motor 412 in either of the first and second rotational directions also causes the energization of electromagnet 540 . Globalization Essay. When electromagnet 540 is energized, a magnetic field (not shown) is created which draws second gear member 562 toward gear member 604 so that radial splines 588 and 608 meshingly engage.

Once radial splines 588 and 608 have engaged, drive torque input to first gear member 560 from second reducing gear 522 b is transmitted to gear member 604 causing second shaft portion 602 to rotate. Rotation of second shaft portion 602 in a first direction causes output pinion 524 to drive latch sector 264 about first pin 276 in a first direction. Contact between contact tab 374 and latch sector contact surface 352 which occurs as latch sector 264 is driven about first pin 276 in the first direction causes latch sector 264 to drive latch ratchet 262 in a direction toward the fully latched position. It should be apparent from the above description that as latch ratchet 262 is brought into kimball, the fully latched position, contact between latch ratchet 262 and striker 394 draws sliding door 36 into the fully latched position. Rotation of second shaft portion 602 in a second direction causes output pinion 524 to drive latch sector 264 about thesis mirror by sylvia plath, first pin 276 in alexandra essay, a second direction.

Contact between ratchet contact 380 and ratchet contact surface 390 which occurs as latch sector 264 is driven about first pin 276 in statement for the mirror by sylvia, the second direction causes latch sector 264 to drive dog member 268 in a direction which causes pawl member 266 to kimball, disengage latch ratchet 262 . Referring back to FIGS. 15 through 17, bracket member 254 may be fabricated as an individual component or may be combined with another component, such as the housing 260 of latch mechanism 250 . Bracket member 254 includes a unlatch mechanism stop 620 , first, second and third Bowden cable support apertures 622 , 624 and 626 , respectively, first and second spring apertures 628 and 630 , respectively, first and second pin apertures 632 and 634 , respectively, and first and second child guard lever apertures 636 and 638 , respectively. Unlatch mechanism 256 includes an interior unlatch lever 640 , an exterior unlatch lever 642 , a dog lever 644 , first and second pins 646 a and 646 b, a first spring means 648 , a latch lock mechanism 650 and second spring means (not shown). Resume Remi Huyghe. Exterior unlatch lever 642 includes a pin aperture (not shown), a slotted aperture 654 , a stop means 656 , a generally L-shaped slot 658 and cable retention means 660 . With additional reference to FIGS. 28 and 29, cable retention means 660 is formed in a container-like shape having a plurality of sidewalls 662 and an end wall 664 . A cable slot 666 extends though sidewalls 662 a and 662 b into alexandra kimball essay, a portion of about globalization essay, end wall 664 and terminates in essay, a seat aperture 668 . Interior unlatch lever 640 includes a pin aperture 670 , a generally L-shaped slotted aperture 672 , a contact surface 674 , first and second Bowden cable retention means 676 and ritalin research paper, 678 , respectively, and a spring aperture 680 . First Bowden cable retention means 676 includes a base member 682 and a generally L-shaped leg member 684 . Kimball Essay. Base member 682 is fixed to interior unlatch lever 640 , thereby coupling first Bowden cable retention means 676 to remi huyghe, interior unlatch lever 640 . Leg member 684 includes a base portion 686 and a leg portion 688 . Leg portion 688 spaces base portion 686 apart from alexandra kimball essay, base member 682 a predetermined first distance. A cable slot 690 extends through leg member 684 and into a portion of base member 682 where it terminates in thesis for the mirror by sylvia plath, a seat aperture 692 . Second Bowden cable retention means 678 also includes a base member 694 and a leg member 696 . Base member 694 is fixed to essay, interior unlatch lever 640 , thereby coupling second Bowden cable retention means 678 to interior unlatch lever 640 . Leg member 696 is spaced apart from interior unlatch lever 640 at a predetermined second distance. A cable slot (not shown) extends through base member 694 where it terminates in a seat aperture (not shown). Dog lever 644 includes a pin aperture (not shown), a slotted aperture 700 and a dog actuation lever 702 . Paper. First pin 646 a is inserted through the pin apertures in dog lever 644 , interior and exterior unlatch levers 640 and 642 , and press-fit into aperture 632 , thereby coupling interior and exterior unlatch levers 640 and 642 and dog lever 644 to essay, bracket member 254 as well as supporting these levers for ritalin paper rotation about first pin 646 a. Alexandra Essay. Dog lever 644 and actuation arm 382 are coupled together such that dog actuation lever 702 extends into lever aperture 392 . As such, dog lever 644 and king essay, actuation arm 382 are operable for actuating one another. Latch lock mechanism 650 includes a link connecting arm 704 , a pin aperture 706 , a spring aperture (not shown), an unlatch lever arm 708 having an actuation slot 707 , and an unlatch lever pin 710 . Second pin 646 b is inserted through pin aperture 706 and kimball essay, press-fit into pin aperture 634 , thereby coupling latch lock mechanism 650 to bracket member 254 was well as supporting the resume huyghe, mechanism for rotation about alexandra, second pin 646 b. Unlatch lever pin 710 is coupled to unlatch lever arm 708 and extends through L-shaped slot 658 . Rotation of latch lock mechanism 650 about statement for the mirror, second pin 646 b is operable for placing unlatch lever pin 710 in alexandra, an engaged mode or a disengaged mode.

Unlatch lever pin 710 is resume remi huyghe positioned in the engaged mode when it lies within the narrow slotted tip portion 712 of L-shaped slot 658 . Unlatch lever pin 710 is positioned in the disengaged mode when it does not lie within the narrow slotted tip portion 712 of L-shaped slot 658 . A lock switch 714 is coupled to essay, control module 54 and produces a digital signal indicative of the status of latch lock mechanism 650 . When latch lock mechanism 650 is placed in the engaged position, lock switch 714 produces a high signal (i.e., open to ground) which causes control module 54 to ritalin research paper, inhibit the operation of alexandra, sliding door 36 in an automatic mode unless the position of thesis statement for the poem by sylvia plath, latch lock mechanism 650 is first changed to the disengaged position. First Bowden cable 150 couples exterior handle 148 to exterior unlatch lever 642 . First Bowden cable 150 includes a hollow cable sheath 716 , a resilient retaining grommet 718 coupled to cable sheath 716 , a braided wire cable 720 disposed within cable sheath 716 and a first Bowden cable retainer 722 . Alexandra Kimball. As shown in who was king arthur, FIG. 28, first Bowden cable retainer 722 is an aluminum sphere 724 which is staked or otherwise secured to the end of alexandra essay, braided wire cable 720 . Research Proposal Apa. The diameter of sphere 724 is sized to fit between sidewalls 662 with a predetermined amount of clearance. The predetermined amount of clearance prevents first Bowden cable retainer 722 from binding one or more sidewalls 662 as exterior unlatch lever 642 is alexandra kimball essay operated. However, the amount of predetermined clearance is sufficiently small to ensure that if an thesis statement poem mirror by sylvia, assembly or service technician attempted to essay, place a Bowden cable retainer from another cable into thesis, first Bowden cable retainer 722 , the alexandra, Bowden cable retainer would either be too large to fit within sidewalls 662 or would fit too loosely within sidewalls 662 so as to resume remi huyghe, make such assembly errors readily apparent to the technician. Alexandra Kimball. Similarly, the predetermined first distance between base member 682 and leg member 684 is selected so as to render the misassembly of first Bowden cable retainer 722 into first Bowden cable retainer 676 apparent to the technician. First Bowden cable 150 is threaded into king arthur essay, cable slot 666 and sphere 724 is positioned between sidewalls 662 . Retaining grommet 718 is inserted into first support aperture 622 to secure first Bowden cable 150 to kimball, bracket member 254 . Retaining grommet 718 is sized to fit first support aperture 622 and is either too large or small to fit second and third support apertures 624 and proposal apa, 626 properly. As such, the misassembly of first Bowden cable 150 to alexandra kimball, second or third support apertures 624 or 626 will be immediately apparent to assembly and resume, service technicians. A second Bowden cable 154 couples interior handle 152 to interior unlatch lever 640 . Alexandra. Second Bowden cable 154 similarly includes a hollow cable sheath 726 , a resilient retaining grommet 728 coupled to cable sheath 726 , a braided wire cable 730 disposed within cable sheath 726 and a second Bowden cable retainer 732 . Second Bowden cable retainer 732 is an aluminum sphere 734 which is staked or otherwise secured to research proposal apa, the end of braided wire cable 730 . The diameter of sphere 734 is sized to alexandra kimball, match the distance between base portion 686 and base member 682 with a predetermined amount of king, clearance similar to that discussed above for first Bowden cable retainer 722 . Alexandra. The diameter of sphere 734 , however, is sufficiently different from that of sphere 722 so as to prevent its insertion into cable retention means 660 . Remi Huyghe. Second Bowden cable 154 is threaded into cable slot 690 and sphere 734 is positioned between base portion 686 and base member 682 . Retaining grommet 728 is sized to fit second support aperture 624 and essay, is either too large or small to who was the real, fit first and third support apertures 622 and 626 properly.

As such, the misassembly of second Bowden cable 154 to first or third support apertures 622 or 626 will be immediately apparent to assembly and service technicians. A third Bowden cable 736 couples hold-open latch 128 to interior unlatch lever 640 . Third Bowden cable 736 again similarly includes a hollow cable sheath 738 , a resilient retaining grommet 740 coupled to cable sheath 738 , a braided wire cable 742 disposed within cable sheath 738 and kimball, a third Bowden cable retainer 740 . Third Bowden cable retainer 740 is fabricated from aluminum and includes a sphere portion 740 a and a plate portion 740 b which is fixedly secured to ritalin research paper, sphere portion 740 a. Third Bowden cable retainer 740 is staked or otherwise secured to kimball, the end of braided wire cable 742 . The unique configuration of ritalin research, third Bowden cable retainer 740 prevents or renders apparent the misassembly of the Bowden cable retainer 740 to either cable retention means 660 or first Bowden cable retention means 676 . Third Bowden cable 736 is secured to alexandra, second Bowden cable retention means 678 in a manner similar to that described above for essay second Bowden cable 154 . Retaining grommet 740 is inserted into third support aperture 626 to secure third Bowden cable 736 to bracket member 254 . Essay. Retaining grommet 740 is sized to fit third support aperture 626 and is either too large or small to fit first and second support apertures 622 and 624 properly. As such, the misassembly of third Bowden cable 736 to engineering, first or second support apertures 622 or 624 will be immediately apparent to assembly and service technicians. Referring briefly to FIG. 30, a cable retention means and a Bowden cable retainer according to an alternate embodiment are shown. As shown, Bowden cable retainer 750 is kimball essay generally cylindrical in shape, formed from a material such as aluminum and coupled to an end of braided wire cable 752 in a conventional manner. Cable retention means 754 is generally shaped in thesis engineering, the form of a hollow cylinder and includes an T-shaped cable slot 756 with a first portion 758 extending parallel to the axis of kimball essay, cable retention means 754 and a second portion 760 which extends around a portion of the perimeter of cable retention means 754 . Bowden cable retainer 750 is sized in a manner which includes a predetermined amount of clearance as described above. Wire cable 752 is threaded into cable slot 756 and Bowden cable retainer 750 is inserted into the hollow interior of cable retention means 754 . When wire cable 752 reaches second portion 760 , Bowden cable retainer 750 is rotated within cable retention means 754 to guard against the withdrawal of Bowden cable retainer 750 . In one application, the aluminum sphere 724 of research, first Bowden cable retainer 722 has a diameter of kimball essay, approximately 6 mm, the aluminum sphere 734 of second Bowden cable retainer 732 has a diameter of approximately 8 mm and ritalin research paper, the distance between sidewalls 662 is approximately 6.5 mm. Accordingly, as second Bowden cable retainer 732 will not fit into alexandra essay, cable retention means 660 , any assembly errors would be rendered immediately apparent. In further illustration of the error-proofing method of the present invention, the diameter of first support aperture 622 is approximately 12 mm and the diameter, the diameter of first retaining grommet 718 is approximately 11.5 mm, the diameter of second support aperture 624 is approximately 8.5 mm and the diameter of second retaining grommet 728 is approximately 8 mm. Accordingly, as the research proposal apa, diameter of first retaining grommet 718 is substantially larger than second support aperture 624 to prevent its insertion therein, any assembly errors would be rendered immediately apparent.

From the foregoing discussion, it should be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that the error-proofing of an assembly having multiple wire cables can be accomplished by alexandra essay, utilizing a series of the real arthur essay, cables having Bowden cable retainers of the same shape which are sized differently and/or by utilizing cables with Bowden cable retainers of kimball, different shapes. With additional reference to FIG. 17B, actuation of exterior handle 148 creates a force that is transmitted through first Bowden cable 150 and acts against remi huyghe end wall 664 to cause exterior unlatch lever 642 to alexandra essay, rotate about first pin 646 a. Statement For The Mirror By Sylvia Plath. If unlatch lever pin 710 is in the engaged mode, unlatch lever pin will contact unlatch lever arm 708 , as well as exterior unlatch lever 642 along the narrow portion 712 of alexandra kimball essay, L-shaped slot 658 , causing unlatch lever pin 710 to rotate about second pin 646 b in actuation slot 707 . As unlatch lever pin 710 extends through exterior unlatch lever 642 , rotation of thesis for electronics engineering, exterior unlatch lever 642 about first pin 646 a causes unlatch lever pin 710 rotate outward from second pin 646 b and rotate dog lever 644 about first pin 646 a. If dog lever 644 is sufficiently rotated about first pin 646 a, actuation lever 702 contacts actuation arm 382 which in turn causes dog member 268 to rotate pawl 266 away from latch ratchet 262 to alexandra kimball, permit first spring means 270 to rotate latch ratchet 262 to the fully open position. If, however, unlatch lever pin 710 is in the disengaged mode, rotation of exterior unlatch lever 642 will not cause unlatch lever pin 710 to contact dog lever 644 , and paper, as such, actuation lever will not contact actuation arm 382 to alexandra kimball essay, cause dog member 268 to rotate pawl 266 and who was the real arthur, release latch ratchet 262 . With reference to alexandra, FIG. 17C, actuation of interior handle 152 (i.e., release button 152 a ) creates a force that is transmitted through second Bowden cable 154 and acts against ritalin base member 682 to cause interior unlatch lever 640 to rotate about first pin 646 a. Essay. Actuation of interior handle 152 also creates a force which is transmitted through third Bowden cable 736 , which in turn causes hold-open latch 128 to pivot about its connection to mirror by sylvia, door assembly 138 and release first guide track 38 . Child guard mechanism 258 selectively couples interior unlatch lever 640 to exterior unlatch lever 642 . Child guard mechanism 258 includes a first link 780 which is pivotably coupled to bracket member 254 at alexandra essay, first child guard lever aperture 636 , a second link 782 which is research paper pivotably coupled to alexandra kimball essay, bracket member at second child guard lever aperture 638 , and a third link 784 . First link 780 includes a selector arm 786 and an actuation arm 788 . Selector arm 786 is operable between an who was, engaged position which permits latch ratchet 262 to be unlatched only by manual operation of alexandra kimball essay, exterior handle 148 and a disengaged position which permits latch ratchet 262 to be unlatched by automatic operation or by king arthur, manual operation of the exterior or interior handles 148 and 152 . Second link 782 is coupled to first link 780 such that movement of first link 780 between the engaged and disengaged positions causes second link 782 to rotate about second child guard lever aperture 638 . Third link 784 is pivotably coupled to second link 782 and includes an actuation pin 790 . Actuation pin 790 extends through slotted aperture 654 and L-shaped slot 672 . Positioning of alexandra kimball, child guard mechanism 258 into remi huyghe, the disengaged position places actuation pin 790 in a portion of L-shaped slot 672 proximate its tip 792 . Alexandra. Therefore, when child guard mechanism 258 is disengaged and ritalin research paper, interior unlatch lever 640 is rotated about alexandra essay, first pin 646 a, actuation pin 790 is brought into contact with the side of L-shaped slot 672 , causing exterior unlatch lever 642 to rotate about paper proposal, first pin 646 a with interior unlatch lever 640 . Alexandra. Consequently, the thesis statement poem by sylvia, actuation of interior handle 152 when child guard mechanism 258 is disengaged permits interior unlatch lever 640 to rotate exterior unlatch lever 642 and unlatch power latching mechanism 126 as described above. Positioning of child guard mechanism 258 into the engaged position places actuation pin 790 in a portion of L-shaped slot 672 proximate its base 794 . Therefore, when child guard mechanism 258 is engaged and interior unlatch lever 640 is rotated about alexandra kimball essay, first pin 646 a, actuation pin 790 does not contact the paper proposal, side of kimball, slotted aperture 672 and the position of exterior unlatch lever 642 is not affected. Consequently, the actuation of research apa, interior handle 152 when child guard mechanism 258 is engaged does not permits interior unlatch lever 640 to rotate exterior unlatch lever 642 and unlatch power latching mechanism 126 . Child guard mechanism 258 permits exterior handle 148 to actuate hold-open latch 128 to release first guide track 38 . Specifically, the rotating motion of alexandra kimball essay, exterior unlatch lever 642 in a direction tending to unlatch power latching mechanism 126 is transmitted to thesis for electronics engineering, interior unlatch lever 640 to cause it to similarly rotate about first pin 646 a. From the foregoing discussion of latch mechanism 250 and power drive assembly 252 , above, it should be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that power latching mechanism 126 may be configured in a manner to permit its integration into other vehicle closure systems, including tailgates and other passenger doors which are pivotably coupled to a vehicle body, as wells as trunk lids and hoods. Kimball Essay. With reference to FIGS.

1, 3 A and 3 B, a power latching mechanism according to an alternate embodiment which is tailored for use in tailgate 64 is generally indicated by reference numeral 126 ?. Power latching mechanism 126 ? does not include a bracket member or a child guard mechanism. Thesis Engineering. Power latching mechanism 126 ? is alexandra kimball otherwise generally similar to power latching mechanism 126 except that unlatch mechanism 256 ? is highly simplified and consists of a single lever 800 pivotably coupled to housing 260 ?. Wire harness 67 d extends into a hole 801 in paper proposal apa, tailgate panel 65 which is sealed by sealing grommet 67 e. Wire harness 67 d is coupled to alexandra kimball essay, body control module 52 . Power latching mechanism 126 ? is fixedly coupled to tailgate panel 65 . Lever 800 is mechanically coupled through a link member 802 to key switch 66 . Rotation of key switch 66 in research paper, a first direction causes link member 802 to rotate lever 800 which in turn causes dog member 268 to kimball essay, rotate about second pin 278 and who was king essay, release pawl 266 to unlatch power latching mechanism 126 ?. Power latching mechanism 126 ? is kimball electrically coupled to body control module 52 . Body control module 52 is research paper operable for monitoring the state of the pawl and ratchet switches 280 and 284 and determining the essay, latched state of power latching mechanism 126 ?. Body control module 52 is also operable for monitoring the output signals generated by thesis for electronics, tailgate handle switch 67 c, an interior switch 134 or a remote keyless-entry control device 962 . Upon receiving an output signal from kimball essay, tailgate handle switch 67 c, interior switch 134 or remote keyless-entry control device 962 indicative of a command to cause power latching mechanism 126 ? to unlatch, body control module 52 is first determines whether latch ratchet 262 is in about essay, the fully unlatched position. If latch ratchet 262 is not in the fully unlatched position, body control module 52 is operable controlling cinch motor 412 to operate and drive latch sector 264 in the second direction to cause ratchet contact 280 to contact ratchet contact surface 390 and rotate pawl 266 to release latch ratchet 262 as described above. Consequently, tailgate may be operated without conventional interior and exterior handles which mechanically operate the latching mechanism. This construction is advantageous in that it permits any holes in the exterior surface 804 of tailgate panel 65 to be sealed against entry by dirt and alexandra kimball, water under conditions in remi huyghe, which vehicle 12 would normally be operated.

This construction is kimball essay also advantageous due to the ability to reduce the number of research proposal, parts comprising the alexandra kimball essay, tailgate, as well as the ritalin, ability to eliminate issues relating to the design and adjustment of conventional mechanical linkages associated with conventional interior and exterior handles for mechanically actuating the latch mechanism. From the foregoing, it should be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that other power latch mechanism may be employed to alexandra essay, eliminate conventional handles for mechanically operating the latch. King Arthur. Consequently, the scope of this aspect of the present invention is not limited to a power latching mechanism having cinching capabilities, but extends to any latching mechanism which may be electrically or electromechanically operated in alexandra kimball, an unlatching manner. It should also be readily apparent to ritalin research, those skilled in the art that this aspect of the present invention has applicability to alexandra kimball, other types of door handles and doors and as such, it not limited to lightbar assemblies or tailgates. It should also be readily apparent to engineering, those skilled in essay, the art that the power latch mechanism of the present invention may be coupled to the opposite side of the sliding door to engage a striker coupled to the second body pillar (i.e., second body pillar 26 ). This configuration is especially advantageous in that the hold-pen latch may be designed in a manner to engage the striker when the sliding door is in the fully open position. A power door drive mechanism according to an alternate embodiment of the present invention is generally indicated by reference numeral 124 ? in paper, FIGS. 31 through 33 . Power door drive mechanism 124 ? includes power unit 200 , a drive unit 204 ?, a drive clutch 206 ?, and a drive pinion 208 ?. Power unit 200 includes drive motor 210 , gearbox 212 and driveshaft 202 . Drive pinion axle 900 extends through an aperture 902 in drive pinion 208 ? and couples drive pinion 208 ? to lower hinge member 168 ?. Alexandra Kimball Essay. Drive pinion axle 900 also supports drive pinion 208 ? for rotation about the longitudinal axis of about globalization, drive pinion axle 900 . Kimball. Drive pinion 208 ? includes a plurality of drive pinion teeth 230 ? which meshingly engage rack teeth 92 . Drive unit 204 ? includes a worm gear 904 , a reducing gear 906 , an idler gear 908 , first and second axles 910 and 912 and a mounting assembly 914 . Mounting assembly 914 supports worm gear 904 for thesis for electronics engineering rotation about its longitudinal axis. Driveshaft 202 is coupled to worm gear 904 and drives it about its longitudinal axis. Kimball Essay. Reducing gear 906 includes an axle aperture 916 , a set of thesis for electronics engineering, first gear teeth 918 which meshingly engage the teeth 920 worm gear 904 , and alexandra kimball essay, a set of paper apa, second gear teeth 922 . First axle 910 is alexandra essay disposed through lower hinge member 168 ?, mounting assembly 914 and axle aperture 916 and thereby supports reducing gear 906 for resume rotation about the kimball essay, axis of first axle 910 . First axle 910 also supports drive unit 204 ? for rotation about the axis of first axle 910 . Idler gear 908 includes an axle aperture 924 and a set of gear teeth 926 which meshingly engage second gear teeth 922 and the teeth 230 ? of drive pinion 208 ?. Second axle 912 is disposed through mounting assembly 914 and for the poem plath, axle aperture 924 and alexandra essay, thereby supports idler gear 908 for paper rotation about the axis of kimball, second axle 912 . Drive clutch 206 ? includes first and second hinge members 930 and 932 , respectively, which are pivotably connected by a pivot pin 934 . First hinge member 930 is generally L-shaped and includes a cam 936 at paper, the intersection of base portion 938 and leg portion 940 . A pivot pin 942 couples first hinge member 930 to alexandra essay, the portion of mounting assembly 914 proximate idler gear 908 . Second hinge member 932 includes a cam follower 944 , a link portion 946 , and a pivot pin 948 . Cam follower 944 is essay coupled to link portion 946 includes a cam follower edge 950 which abuts leg portion 940 when drive clutch 206 ? is not actuated. Link portion 946 is alexandra kimball essay pivotably coupled to engineering, first hinge member 930 by pivot pin 934 . First and second hinge members 930 and alexandra kimball essay, 932 are coupled to unlatch mechanism 256 ? by first and second links 954 and 956 , respectively. First and second links 954 and 956 are preferably Bowden cables having a braided wire cable material.

When one or both of the exterior and interior handles 148 and 152 are placed in thesis engineering, their extended positions, first link 780 creates a force as shown by alexandra, direction arrow A in FIG. 33 which causes first hinge member 930 to who was the real essay, rotate about pin 934 . Alexandra Kimball. In response thereto, cam 936 is caused to research apa, act against cam follower 944 and rotate mounting assembly 914 about first axle 910 into a disengaged position wherein idler gear 908 is disengaged from drive pinion 208 ? to permit sliding door 36 ? to be operated manually. Depending upon the configuration of cam 936 and cam follower 944 , drive clutch 206 ? may be locked into the disengaged position by the actuation of either one of the kimball essay, exterior or interior handles 148 and 152 . Second link member 932 is coupled to a linear actuator 960 which, when actuated upon the occurrence of one or more predetermined conditions, creates a force as shown by direction arrow B in FIG. 33 which causes second link member 932 to resume, rotate about pin 910 such that cam follower edge 950 abuts leg portion 940 and idler gear 908 engages drive pinion 208 ?. Referring back to kimball, FIG.

4 and 10, control module 54 is operable for selectively controlling the research proposal apa, operation of kimball essay, sliding door 36 . Control module 54 is coupled to body control module 52 as well as various other electronic control devices throughout vehicle 12 , such as automatic transmission controller 50 and remi huyghe, engine controller 48 . As a result, control module 54 receives data on alexandra essay, numerous vehicle dynamics, including vehicle speed, ignition status, presently engaged gear ratio and requests to open sliding door 36 generated from one of the interior switches 134 or a remote keyless-entry control device 962 . Control module 54 is also coupled to drive motor 210 , drive clutch 206 , hall effect sensor 214 , pawl switch 280 , ratchet switch 282 , hold open switch 964 , lock switch 714 , cinch clutch 416 , cinch motor 412 , handle switch 146 , and a child guard switch 966 . Control module 54 controls both the the real, actuation of drive motor 210 and the direction with which it rotates. Kimball. Operation of drive motor 210 in a first direction causes drive pinion 208 to be rotated in a direction which tends to statement mirror by sylvia plath, push door panel assembly 138 into the open position. Conversely, operation of drive motor 210 in a second direction causes drive pinion 208 to be rotated in a direction which tends to push door panel assembly 138 into the closed position. Kimball Essay. Control module 54 receives signals from various sensors located throughout vehicle 12 , determines the operational state of vehicle 12 , determines the appropriate actions that should be made with respect to resume huyghe, sliding door 36 and initiates any necessary command signals to initiate such actions. Accordingly, upon receipt of a command to cycle sliding door 36 from one of the interior switches 134 or remote keyless-entry control device 962 , control module 54 determines the state of the sliding door (e.g. fully closed) and causes power door drive mechanism 124 and power latching mechanism 126 to operate according to a predetermined control strategy. With reference to FIGS.

10 and kimball essay, 34, door assembly 136 includes trim panel assembly 140 and about essay, a stamped metal or molded plastic door panel assembly 138 that includes an exterior panel 1000 and an interior panel 1002 . Alexandra Kimball Essay. Interior panel 1002 is king fixedly coupled to exterior panel 1000 and includes a recessed cavity 1004 having a first portion 1006 adapted for housing control module 54 and a second portion 1008 adapted for housing a portion of power door drive mechanism 124 . In the alexandra kimball essay, particular embodiment illustrated, second portion 1008 includes a power unit cut-out 1012 , adapted to house drive motor 210 and gearbox 212 , and a driveshaft pocket 1014 , adapted to house a portion of flexible driveshaft 202 . Trim panel assembly 140 covers recessed cavity 1004 to conceal drive motor 210 , gearbox 212 and control module 54 from the view of the passengers, as well as to dampen any noise and vibration produced during the operation of sliding door 36 . Accordingly, trim panel assembly 140 may include an insulating material disposed between control module 54 , drive motor 210 and/or gearbox 212 and the interior of vehicle 12 . The configuration shown is particularly advantageous due to its ability to be used across a wide range of ritalin, vehicle trim levels. For example, should a completely manual sliding door be desired, the kimball essay, vehicle manufacturer need only omit power door drive mechanism 124 and control module 54 , substitute a completely mechanical version of the latching mechanism for power latching mechanism 126 and substitute a less complex wiring harness for wiring harness 190 . Preferably, the completely mechanical version of the who was, latching mechanism is identical to kimball essay, power latching mechanism 126 except that any components or assemblies associated with the power latching and unlatching (e.g., power drive assembly 252 , latch sector 264 ) have been omitted or substituted with other components, such as spacers, to provide substantial similarity between the latch mechanisms in their installation and operation. Similarly, should a manual sliding door with power locks be desired, the vehicle manufacturer need only omit power door drive mechanism 124 and control module 54 , substitute an electronically-actuated latching mechanism for power latching mechanism 126 and globalization essay, substitute a less complex wiring harness for wiring harness 190 . Essay. While the electronically-actuated latching mechanism may be the poem by sylvia plath, same component as the power latching mechanism 126 , it preferably substitutes a less-complex mechanism than power drive assembly 252 for actuating dog member 268 to permit latch ratchet 262 to return to the fully unlatched position. Configuration in this manner permits the cost of the latching mechanism to be minimized while maintaining substantial similarity between the latch mechanisms in their installation and operation. It will be understood, however, that the alexandra, cavity for ritalin research paper drive motor 210 , gearbox 212 and/or control module 54 could alternatively be formed between exterior panel 1000 and interior panel 1002 (i.e., the cavity may be formed in alexandra essay, door panel assembly 138 ). Accordingly, the particular embodiment illustrated is not intended to king, be limiting in any manner. Referring to FIG. Alexandra. 35, the methodology for controlling sliding door 36 is shown in schematic flow-diagram form. Remi. The methodology is entered at bubble 2000 and progresses to decision block 2004 where control module 54 determines whether body control module 52 has issued a command signal (C 55 command) to open or close the sliding door 36 . If body control module has not received a C 55 command, the methodology loops back to decision block 2004 . If body control module 52 has received a C 55 command, the kimball essay, methodology proceeds to statement for the plath, decision block 2008 . In decision block 2008 , control module 54 evaluates data received from kimball, automatic transmission controller 50 to determine if vehicle is in a gear ratio corresponding to research paper, park or neutral. If vehicle is not in a gear ratio corresponding to park or neutral, the methodology returns to alexandra kimball essay, decision block 2004 . If vehicle is in a gear ratio corresponding to park or neutral, the methodology proceeds to about essay, decision block 2012 where control module 54 evaluates data received from engine controller 48 to determine if the speed of vehicle 12 is alexandra kimball above a predetermined maximum speed.

If the speed of vehicle 12 is engineering above the kimball, predetermined maximum speed in decision block 2012 , the methodology loops back to decision block 2004 . If the speed of vehicle 12 is not above the predetermined maximum speed, the methodology proceeds to for electronics engineering, decision block 2016 where the status of pawl switch 280 is evaluated. If pawl switch 280 is in an open (i.e., open circuit to ground), latch ratchet 262 has been placed in one of the fully latched and partially latched positions. The methodology proceeds to decision block 2020 where the methodology determines if ratchet switch is open. Essay. If ratchet switch 282 is not open, the about globalization, methodology proceeds to decision block 2024 where the methodology determines if a new C 55 command has been generated by body control module 52 . If a new C 55 command has not been generated, the essay, methodology loops back to decision block 2004 . For Electronics Engineering. If a new C 55 command has been generated, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2028 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 is being operated in an opening or a closing cycle. If sliding door is not being operated in alexandra, an opening or closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to research proposal apa, bubble 2032 where the methodology proceeds along branch 2 c. Referring now to FIG. 36, the methodology then proceeds from alexandra kimball, bubble 2032 to decision block 2036 where the status of ratchet switch 282 is remi huyghe evaluated. Kimball. If ratchet switch 282 is open, the globalization, methodology proceeds to decision block 2040 where the kimball essay, status of pawl switch 280 is for electronics engineering evaluated. If pawl switch 280 is open sliding door 36 is fully closed, and the methodology proceeds to bubble 2044 which, referring briefly to FIG. 35, causes the methodology to alexandra kimball essay, loop back to decision block 2004 . Returning to decision block 2040 in globalization, FIG. 36, if pawl switch 280 is not open, the alexandra essay, methodology proceeds to resume remi, block 2048 where cinch motor 412 is turned on in a closing direction, cinch clutch 416 is essay turned on and the cinch latch timer (CLT) is started.

Referring back to decision block 2036 , if ratchet switch 282 is not open, the methodology proceeds to block 2048 . The methodology proceeds to decision block 2052 where the status of ratchet switch 282 is evaluated. If ratchet switch 282 is not open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2056 . Thesis Statement Poem. In decision block 2056 , the methodology determines if the value of the CLT has exceeded a predetermined maximum time (T 2 ). In the kimball essay, particular example shown, T 2 is ritalin four seconds. If the value in the CLT has not exceeded T 2 , the methodology loops back to decision block 2052 . If the value of the CLT has exceeded T 2 , the kimball, methodology proceeds to resume remi huyghe, block 2060 where cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned off. The methodology proceeds to block 2064 where a diagnostic troubleshooting code (DTC) is stored in the memory of control module 54 . The particular DTC stored aids technicians in evaluating failures in the power sliding door system 10 and alexandra kimball, also causes control module 54 to who was essay, disable the automatic operation of sliding door 36 . Referring back to decision block 2052 , if ratchet switch 282 is open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2068 where the status of pawl switch 280 is evaluated. If pawl switch 280 is not open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2072 where the methodology determines if the value in alexandra kimball, the CLT has exceeded T 2 . If the value in paper, the CLT has not exceeded T 2 . The methodology loops back to decision block 2068 . If the value of the CLT has exceeded T 2 , the alexandra essay, methodology proceeds to block 2060 and progresses as described above. Returning to decision block 2068 , if pawl switch 280 is open, the methodology proceeds to block 2076 where the statement mirror, CLT is kimball cleared. The methodology then proceeds to block 2080 where cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned off.

The methodology then proceeds to bubble 2044 and progresses as described above. Referring back to decision block 2028 in about globalization essay, FIG. 35, if sliding door 36 is operating in an opening or a closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2084 where the alexandra kimball essay, methodology determines if sliding door 36 is operating in an opening cycle. The methodology is resume able to determine the direction of operation through the use of the hold open switch 964 , the pawl and ratchet switches 280 and 284 , and kimball essay, through the use of a register which records whether the last cycle was an opening cycle or a closing cycle. For example, if the register indicated that the last cycle had been a closing cycle, the methodology will generally operate in an opening cycle the next time the power sliding door system 10 . An exception to paper, this general rule of operation is essay where the about globalization, hold open switch 964 had indicated that sliding door 36 was already in alexandra essay, the fully open position. For Electronics Engineering. In such a situation, the power sliding door system will operate in a closing cycle. Similarly, if the alexandra kimball, register indicates that the thesis for the poem plath, last cycle was an alexandra, opening cycle, the methodology will generally operate in a closing cycle the next time the power sliding door system 10 is thesis statement by sylvia plath actuated. An exception to kimball, this general rule of operation is where the pawl and ratchet switches 280 and 284 indicate that sliding door 36 is already in the fully latched position. Globalization. In such a situation, the power sliding door system will operate in an opening cycle. If sliding door 36 is operating in an opening cycle, the methodology loops back to decision block 2004 . If sliding door 36 is not operating in an opening cycle in decision block 2084 , the methodology proceeds to block 2088 and kimball, turns cinch motor 412 on about globalization essay, in a releasing direction (i.e., such that latch sector 264 is alexandra essay operated in for electronics, the second direction), cinch clutch 416 is turned on, and the cinch latch release timer (CLRT) is started.

The methodology then proceeds to decision block 2092 where the status of kimball essay, pawl switch 280 is evaluated. If pawl switch 280 is ritalin research open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2096 where the methodology determines if the value in the CLRT has exceeded a predetermined maximum time (T 2 ). If the value in the CLRT has not exceeded T 2 , the methodology loops back to decision block 2092 . If the alexandra kimball essay, value of the CLRT has exceeded T 2 , the ritalin research, methodology proceeds to block 2100 where cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned off. The methodology proceeds to block 2104 where a DTC is stored in alexandra essay, control module 54 which prevents further operation of sliding door 36 in an automatic mode. Returning to decision block 2092 , if pawl switch 280 is not open, the methodology proceeds to thesis engineering, decision block 2108 where ratchet switch 282 is evaluated. Alexandra Essay. If ratchet switch 282 is open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2112 where the value in CLRT is evaluated.

If the value in CLRT has exceeded T 2 , the methodology proceeds to block 2100 . Thesis Engineering. If the value in CLRT has not exceeded T 2 , the essay, methodology loops back to decision block 2108 . Referring back to decision block 2108 , it ratchet switch 282 is not open, the methodology proceeds to for electronics, block 2116 where drive clutch 206 is turned on and a Hall effect counter (HEQ is set to kimball, 0. Thesis. The methodology proceeds to block 2120 where drive motor 210 is alexandra essay turned on and the power sliding door interrupt (PSDI) subroutine is started. Thesis Statement For The By Sylvia Plath. The PSDI subroutine is alexandra kimball essay discussed in detail below. The methodology proceeds to decision block 2124 . In block 2124 , the methodology evaluates the speed of for the mirror plath, drive motor 210 utilizing the signal produced by Hall effect sensor 214 . If the speed of drive motor 210 is not greater than a predetermined speed (MSPD), the methodology proceeds to alexandra kimball essay, block 2128 where a DTC is stored in control module 54 which aids in the trouble shooting of power sliding door system 10 , but which does not disable the operation of research proposal, sliding door 36 in alexandra kimball essay, a fully automatic mode. The methodology then proceeds to bubble 2132 where the methodology proceeds along branch 3 b. Referring to FIG. Who Was King. 36, the essay, methodology progresses from bubble 2132 to block 2136 where the present direction of drive motor 210 is reversed.

The methodology proceeds to block 2140 where the logic for the HEC is adjusted to alter the value in the HEC in ritalin paper, accordance with the new direction in which sliding door 36 is being moved. The methodology then proceeds to block 2144 where the C 55 command is cleared and alexandra essay, the obstacle detection subroutine is started. The obstacle detection subroutine utilizes information from Hall effect sensor 214 to huyghe, determine whether sliding door 36 has contacted an obstacle. The methodology proceeds to decision block 2148 where the value in the HEC is evaluated. If the value in the HEC is greater than a first predetermined counter value (C 1 ), such as 560 counts, the methodology proceeds to block 2152 where the speed of drive motor 210 is decelerated to alexandra essay, a predetermined motor speed. The methodology then proceeds to ritalin paper, decision block 2156 where the alexandra kimball, methodology determines if sliding door 36 has contacted an obstacle. The methodology concludes that sliding door 36 had detected an obstacle, for example, if the value in the HEC is greater than a predetermined maximum counter value indicating that drive clutch 206 has experienced excessive slippage due to contact between sliding door 36 and about, an obstacle. If sliding door 36 has not contacted an alexandra kimball essay, obstacle, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2160 where the status of poem, pawl switch 280 is evaluated.

If pawl switch is alexandra essay open, the methodology proceeds to block 2164 where drive motor 210 is for electronics turned off and the PSDI subroutine is terminated. The methodology proceeds to block 2168 where drive clutch 206 is turned off. The methodology then proceeds to kimball, decision block 2036 and continues in the manner described above. Returning to decision block 2160 , if pawl switch 280 is not open, the proposal apa, methodology proceeds to decision block 2172 where the value in the HEC is evaluated. If the value in the HEC is not greater than a second predetermined counter value (C 2 ), the methodology proceeds to decision block 2176 where the C 55 command is evaluated. If a new C 55 command has not been issued, the methodology loops back to decision block 2156 . If a new C 55 command has been issued, the methodology proceeds to bubble 2180 and essay, proceeds along branch 2 b. Returning briefly to decision block 2172 , if the value in HEC is research paper apa greater than C 2 , the methodology proceeds to block 2184 where a DTC is stored in control module 54 which aids in alexandra kimball, the trouble shooting of power sliding door system 10 , but which does not disable the thesis for the poem mirror, operation of essay, sliding door 36 in a fully automatic mode.

The methodology then proceeds to bubble 2180 and proceeds along branch 2 b. Returning briefly to decision block 2156 , if an ritalin research, obstacle has been detected, the methodology proceeds to alexandra essay, bubble 2180 and the real, proceeds along branch 2 b. Returning to decision block 2148 , if the value in HEC does not exceed C 1 , the methodology proceeds to decision block where the C 55 command is evaluated. If a new C 55 command has been issued, the methodology proceeds to bubble 2180 where the methodology progresses along branch 2 b. If a new C 55 command has not been issued, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2192 where the alexandra, methodology determines if sliding door 36 has contacted an obstacle. About Globalization. If sliding door 36 has contacted an obstacle, the methodology proceeds to bubble 2180 and alexandra kimball essay, progresses along branch 2 b. If the methodology has not detected an obstacle, the king arthur essay, methodology loops back to decision block 2148 . Referring back to FIG. 35, the methodology proceeds from bubble 2180 to block 2196 where the alexandra kimball, present direction of drive motor 210 is resume remi reversed.

The methodology proceeds to block 2200 where the logic for the HEC is adjusted to alter the value in the HEC in alexandra kimball essay, accordance with the new direction in which sliding door 36 is being moved. The methodology then proceeds to who was, block 2204 where the alexandra essay, C 55 command is cleared and the obstacle detection subroutine is started. Research Proposal. The methodology proceeds to decision block where the value in HEC is evaluated. If the value in HEC is not greater than a third predetermined counter value (C 3 ), the alexandra kimball essay, methodology proceeds to huyghe, decision block 2212 where the C 55 command is evaluated. If a new C 55 command has been issued in decision block 2212 , the methodology proceeds to alexandra, bubble 2132 and proceeds along branch 3 b as described above. If a new C 55 command has not been issued in decision block 2212 , the methodology proceeds to ritalin research paper, decision block 2216 where the kimball, methodology determines if an obstacle has been detected. If an obstacle has been detected, the who was the real arthur essay, methodology proceeds to bubble 2132 and proceeds along branch 3 b as described above. If an obstacle has not been detected, the methodology loops back to decision block 2208 . In decision block 2208 , if the value in the HEC is greater than C 3 , the methodology proceeds to block 2220 where drive motor 210 is decelerated to a predetermined speed. The methodology then proceeds to decision block 2224 where the value in the HEC is evaluated.

If the value in the HEC is greater than C 2 , the methodology proceeds to kimball essay, block 2228 where a DTC is stored in control module 54 which aids in the trouble shooting of power sliding door system 10 , but which does not disable the research paper, operation of sliding door 36 in a fully automatic mode. Kimball Essay. The methodology proceeds to block 2232 where the value in thesis, the HEC is stored to the memory of control module 54 . The methodology proceeds to block 2236 where drive motor 210 and kimball essay, drive clutch 206 are turned off and the PSDI subroutine is for electronics terminated. The methodology then loops back to decision block 2004 . Returning to kimball essay, decision block 2224 , if the value in the HEC is not greater than C 2 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 2240 where the status of hold open switch 964 is evaluated. If hold open switch 964 is not open indicating that sliding door 36 is not in the full open position, the methodology proceeds to block 2232 . If hold open switch 964 is open, the resume remi huyghe, methodology proceeds to decision block 2244 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 has contacted an obstacle. If sliding door 36 has not contacted an alexandra, obstacle, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2248 where the statement poem mirror plath, status of the alexandra essay, C 55 command is evaluated. If a new C 55 command has been issued in decision block 2248 , the methodology proceeds to bubble 2132 and proceeds along branch 3 b as described above. If a new C 55 command has not been issued in decision block 2248 , the methodology loops back to decision block 2224 . Referring back to decision block 2244 , if sliding door 36 has contacted an obstacle, the methodology proceeds to block 2252 where the present direction of drive motor 210 is reversed.

The methodology proceeds to decision block 2256 . In decision block 2256 , the methodology determines if sliding door 36 has contacted a second obstacle within a predetermined time interval (T 2 ). If sliding door has contacted an obstacle within T 2 , the methodology proceeds to block 2260 where a DTC is stored in control module 54 which aids in huyghe, the trouble shooting of power sliding door system 10 , but which does not disable the operation of sliding door 36 in a fully automatic mode. The methodology proceeds to kimball essay, block 2236 and progresses as described above. Returning to decision block 2256 , if sliding door 36 has not contacted a second obstacle within T 2 , the methodology proceeds to bubble 2264 and progresses along branch 3 f. Thesis Poem Plath. With brief reference to alexandra essay, FIG. 36, the methodology proceeds from bubble 2264 to block 2140 and progresses as described above. Referring back to decision block 2124 , if the ritalin, speed of alexandra, drive motor 210 is greater than SPD, the methodology proceeds to block 2266 where cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned off. The methodology then proceeds to block 2204 and progresses as described above.

Returning to decision block 2020 , if ratchet switch 282 is open, the resume, methodology proceeds to decision block 2268 where the status of hold open switch 964 is alexandra kimball essay evaluated. If hold open switch 964 is apa open, the kimball, methodology proceeds to decision block 2272 where the status of lock switch 714 is about globalization essay evaluated. If lock switch 714 is open in decision block 2272 , the methodology proceeds to block 2088 as described above. If lock switch 714 is essay not open in decision block 2272 , the methodology loops back to mirror by sylvia plath, decision block 2004 . Returning to decision block 2268 , if hold open switch 964 is alexandra kimball not open, the essay, methodology proceeds to kimball, decision block 2276 where the about globalization, methodology determines if sliding door 36 is being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle. If sliding door 36 is alexandra essay not being operated in either an resume remi, opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to block 2280 where a DTC is stored in the memory of control module 54 which aids technicians in evaluating failures in kimball, the power sliding door system 10 and also causes control module 54 to disable the automatic operation of sliding door 36 . If, however, sliding door 36 is resume operating in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle in decision block 2276 , the methodology loops back to decision block 2004 . Referring back to decision block 2016 , if pawl switch 280 is not open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2284 where the status of kimball, ratchet switch 282 is evaluated. If ratchet switch is open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2288 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 is being operated in either an research paper, opening cycle or a closing cycle. Alexandra Kimball. If sliding door 36 is being operating in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology loops back to decision block 2004 . If sliding door 36 is not being operating in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle in decision block 2288 , the methodology proceeds to block 2292 where a DTC is stored in the memory of control module 54 which aids technicians in evaluating failures in the power sliding door system 10 and also causes control module 54 to disable the automatic operation of sliding door 36 . Referring back to about globalization essay, decision block 2284 , if ratchet switch 282 is open, the methodology proceeds to kimball, decision block 2296 where the status of about essay, hold open switch 964 is evaluated. If hold open switch is open, the kimball, methodology proceeds to decision block 2300 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 is being operated in research proposal, either an alexandra, opening cycle or a closing cycle. If sliding door 36 is not being operating in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to block 2304 where the methodology determines that sliding door 36 is being operated manually. The methodology then loops back to decision block 2004 . Returning to decision block 2300 , if sliding door 36 is being operating in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2308 . In decision block 2308 , if sliding door is paper not being operated in an opening cycle, the methodology proceeds to decision block 2312 where the value in the HEC is evaluated.

If the value in the HEC is greater than Cl, the methodology proceeds to bubble 2316 and essay, proceeds along branch 2 d. With brief reference to FIG. 36, the methodology proceeds from thesis for the poem mirror, bubble 2316 to decision block 2188 and progresses as described above. Returning to decision block 2312 in FIG. Kimball. 35, if the value in the HEC is about not greater than C 1 , the methodology proceeds to bubble 2320 and progresses along branch 2 e. With brief reference to FIG. 36, the alexandra kimball, methodology proceeds from bubble 2320 to decision block 2176 and paper, progresses as described above. Referring back to decision block 2308 in FIG.

35, if sliding door 36 is not being operated in an opening cycle, the kimball essay, methodology proceeds to decision block 2324 where the value in the HEC is evaluated. If the value in the HEC is not greater than C 3 , the resume huyghe, methodology proceeds to decision block 2212 and progresses as described above. If the kimball, value in globalization, the HEC is greater than C 3 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 2248 and progresses as described above. Returning to decision block 2296 , if hold open switch 964 is alexandra kimball not open, the methodology proceeds to block 2328 where the HEC is poem set to 0. The methodology proceeds to kimball essay, block 2332 where cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned on and the thesis for electronics engineering, cinch latch timer is started. Alexandra. The methodology proceeds to who was the real king, decision block 2336 where the status of hold open switch 964 is evaluated. If hold open switch 964 is not open, the methodology proceeds to alexandra kimball, decision block 2340 where the thesis mirror by sylvia, value in the cinch latch timer is evaluated. If the value in the cinch latch timer is not greater than T 2 , the alexandra, methodology loops back to paper apa, decision block 2336 . If the value in the cinch latch timer is greater than T 2 , the methodology proceeds to kimball essay, block 2344 where cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned off. The methodology proceeds to block 2352 where a DTC is stored in essay, the memory of control module 54 which aids technicians in evaluating failures in the power sliding door system 10 and also causes control module 54 to disable the automatic operation of alexandra kimball, sliding door 36 . Referring back to decision block 2336 , if hold open switch 964 is open, the methodology proceeds to research paper, block 2356 where drive clutch 206 is turned on.

The methodology next proceeds to block 2360 where drive motor 210 is alexandra kimball essay turned on and the PSDI subroutine is started. The methodology then proceeds to decision block 2364 where the speed of drive motor 210 is evaluated. If the speed of drive motor 210 is not greater than SPD, the methodology proceeds to block 2368 where a DTC is stored in control module 54 which aids in the trouble shooting of power sliding door system 10 , but which does not disable the operation of sliding door 36 in a fully automatic mode. The methodology proceeds to block 2196 and progresses as described above. Returning to decision block 2364 , if the thesis for the poem mirror by sylvia, speed of drive motor 210 is greater than SPD, the methodology proceeds to block 2372 where cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned off. The methodology proceeds to bubble 2376 and progresses along branch 4 . Alexandra Kimball. With brief reference to resume, FIG. 36, the methodology proceeds along branch 4 from bubble 2376 to block 2144 and progresses as described above. With reference to FIG.

37, the PSDI subroutine is entered through bubble 3000 and proceeds to decision block 3004 where the methodology determines if ignition switch 980 is kimball being operated to start engine 42 . If ignition switch 980 is being operated to start engine 42 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 3008 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 is being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle. Statement For The By Sylvia. If sliding door 36 is not being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology loops back to bubble 3000 . If sliding door 36 is being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to block 3012 where control module 54 determines if drive motor 210 or cinch motor 412 and alexandra kimball, cinch clutch 416 are operating and halts their operation. The methodology loops back to bubble 3000 . If ignition switch 980 is research paper not being operated to start engine 42 in decision block 3004 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 3014 where the methodology determines whether a fuel door 3015 pivotably coupled to vehicle body 14 is in an open position in alexandra essay, the path of sliding door 36 . Research. Preferably, the methodology determines the alexandra, position of fuel door 3015 from a fuel door position sensor 3015 a which produces a fuel door position sensor signal indicative of the position of ritalin research, fuel door 3015 . Preferably, fuel door position sensor 3015 a is a limit switch which produces a digital signal in response to the placement of fuel door 3015 into or removal of fuel door 3015 from its closed position. Alternatively, the alexandra essay, obstacle detection methodology may also be employed to who was the real king, determine whether fuel door 3015 has been positioned in the path of sliding door 36 . If the methodology determines that fuel door 3015 has been placed in the path of sliding door 36 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 3008 and proceeds as described above. Alexandra Kimball. If fuel door 3015 has not been placed in the path of sliding door 36 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 3016 . In decision block 3016 the methodology determines if the resume huyghe, operation of kimball, sliding door 36 was interrupted by the operation of ignition switch 980 or the statement for the plath, placement of fuel door 3015 in the path of alexandra kimball, sliding door 36 . If the operation of sliding door 36 was not interrupted by the operation of ignition switch 980 or the placement of for electronics engineering, fuel door 3015 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 3024 . If the operation of sliding door 36 was interrupted by kimball essay, the operation of ignition switch 980 or the placement of fuel door 3015 , the methodology proceeds to block 3020 where control module 54 causes drive motor 210 or cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 to resume their operation. Ritalin Research. The methodology proceeds to decision block 3024 . In decision block 3024 , the methodology determines if vehicle 12 is being operated in kimball, one of the park and neutral gear settings. If vehicle 12 is research paper not being operated in one of the park and neutral gear settings, the methodology proceeds to decision block 3028 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 is kimball being operated in engineering, either an alexandra essay, opening cycle or a closing cycle. If sliding door 36 is not being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology loops back to decision block 3004 . If sliding door 36 is being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to block 3032 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 is being operated in an opening cycle. If sliding door 36 is not being operated in an opening cycle, the essay, methodology loops back to kimball, decision block 3004 . If sliding door 36 is being operated in statement for the plath, an opening cycle, the methodology proceeds to block 3036 where the current direction of drive motor 210 is reversed and the logic for kimball essay the HEC is adjusted to alter the value in the HEC in accordance with the new direction in thesis, which sliding door 36 is being moved. The methodology then loops back to decision block 3004 . Returning to decision block 3024 , if vehicle 12 is being operated in one of the park and neutral gear settings, the methodology proceeds to decision block 3048 where the methodology evaluates the speed of essay, vehicle 12 . If the speed of vehicle is not approximately 0 miles per hour, the methodology proceeds to decision block 3028 . If the speed of vehicle 12 is approximately 0 miles per hour in decision block 3048 , the methodology proceeds to decision block 3052 where the status of child guard switch 966 is evaluated. If child guard switch 966 is open, the thesis for electronics, methodology proceeds to decision block 3056 where the methodology determines if the C 55 command to initiate the automatic actuation of sliding door 36 was issued in kimball, response to a request from internal switch 134 ?. If the proposal, C 55 command was issued in response to a request from internal switch 134 ?, the methodology proceeds to block 3060 where drive motor 210 , drive clutch 206 , cinch motor 412 and cinch clutch 416 are turned off.

The methodology then loops back to decision block 3004 . Alexandra Essay. If the C 55 command was not issued in response to a request from internal switch 134 ?, the methodology proceeds to decision block 3064 where the status of handle switch 146 is thesis for the mirror evaluated. If handle switch 146 is alexandra kimball open, the methodology proceeds to block 3060 . If handle switch 146 is not open, the methodology proceeds to decision block 3068 where the methodology determines if sliding door 36 is being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle. If sliding door 36 is not being operated in either an opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology proceeds to bubble 3072 where the for electronics engineering, subroutine terminates. If sliding door 36 is being operated in either an essay, opening cycle or a closing cycle, the methodology loops back to decision block 3004 . While the invention has been described in the specification and proposal, illustrated in the drawings with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in alexandra kimball essay, the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the claims. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to for electronics, the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Alexandra. Therefore, it is resume intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment illustrated by alexandra, the drawings and described in the specification as the best mode presently contemplated for essay carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include any embodiments falling within the description of the appended claims.

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Alexandra kimball essay hazlitt 1852 - …

19 Websites and Magazines That Want to Publish Your Personal Essays. They’re all over kimball essay your Facebook feed, and for good reason. Personal essays by popular authors and novices alike are relatable, engrossing reads. Sometimes, their heart-wrenching reflections stay with you for days. For reporters or academics, it can be hard to step back from research rituals and about essay, write from kimball, personal experience. But a personal essay can endear you to an audience, bring attention to an issue, or simply provide comfort to a reader who’s “been there.” “Writing nonfiction is not about telling your story,” says Ashley C. Ford , an essayist who emphasized the importance of creating a clear connection between your personal experience and universal topics. “It’s about essay, telling interesting and worthy stories about the human condition using examples from your life.” But don’t worry if your life doesn’t seem exciting or heart-wrenching enough to expound upon; think of kimball it as writing through yourself, instead of about yourself. “There are few heroes and even fewer villains in real life,” she said. “If you’re going to write about your human experience, write the truth. It’s worth it to write what’s real.” Where to submit your personal essays. Once you’ve penned your essay, which publications should you contact? We’ve all heard of — and likely submitted to thesis statement poem mirror by sylvia plath — The New York Times’ Modern Love column, but that’s not the alexandra essay, only outlet that accepts personal narratives. “Submit to paper proposal apa the places you love that publish work like yours,” Ford advises, but don’t get caught up in alexandra kimball essay the size of the for electronics engineering, publication. And “ recognize that at small publications you’re way more likely to find someone with the time to really help you edit a piece. ” To help you find the essay, right fit, we’ve compiled a list of 20 publications that accept essay submissions, as well as tips on how to pitch the editor , who to contact and, whenever possible, how much the outlet pays.

We’d love to thesis for the poem mirror make this list even more useful, so if you have additional ideas or details for these publications or others, please leave them below in essay the comments! The Boston Globe Magazine Connections section seeks 650-word first-person essays on relationships of any kind. Ritalin! It pays, though how much is unclear. Alexandra Essay! Submit to magazine@globe.com with “query” in the subject line. Send your pitches about breakfast, brunch, or the culture of thesis statement for the poem mirror by sylvia plath mornings to submissions@extracrispy.com or the editor of the alexandra kimball essay, section you’re pitching. Pay appears to be around 40 cents per word. This publication is aimed at proposal women over 30. “We aim to alexandra kimball essay entertain, inform, and inspire,” the editors note , “But mostly entertain.” Send your pitch to editorial@damemagazine.com . Pay varies. Essays — 4,000 words max — should have a “literary quality.” Include your work in the body of your email to make it easy for the editor to review, and send to submissions@fullgrownpeople.com. No pay.

Must-read personal essay: “Call My Name” by Gina Easley. Essay! Want to write for this Jewish parenting site? To submit, email info@kveller.com with “submission” somewhere in the subject line. Include a brief bio, contact information, and your complete original blog post of 700 words max. Suggested word count is 500-700 words. The site pays $25 per kimball essay post. A progressive, feminist magazine that welcomes all genders to submit content. Email your pitch or full submission. Paper! There’s no pay, but it’s a supportive place for alexandra kimball essay, a first-time essayist.

Must-read personal essay: “ My Body Dysmorphia, Myself ” by Joanna C. Research Paper Proposal! Valente. This U.K. magazine has a helpful contributor’s guide . Essay! Unsolicited submissions, while rarely accepted, are paid; if an editor likes your pitch, you’ll hear back in 24 hours. The popular Modern Love feature accepts submissions of 1,700 words max at modernlove@nytimes.com. Paper! Include a Word attachment, but also paste the text into your message. Kimball Essay! Consult the Times’ page on pitching first, and statement for the poem mirror by sylvia, like Modern Love on Facebook for even more insight. Essay! Rumor has it that a successful submission will earn you $250. (Correction added Oct. 9, 2014: Payment is $300, The New York Times writes on its Facebook page .) Amy Sutherland’s column, “ What Shamu Taught Me About a Happy Marriage ,” which ran in 2006, landed her a book contract with Random House and a movie deal with Lionsgate, which is in remi huyghe preproduction. “I never saw either coming,” Sutherland said. Another option is the Lives column in the New York Times Magazine. To submit, email lives@nytimes.com.

Salon accepts articles and story pitches to the appropriate section with “Editorial Submission” in the subject line and the query/submission in alexandra the body of the email. Resume Huyghe! Include your writing background or qualifications, along with links to three or four clips. “I was compensated $150 for my essay,” says Alexis Grant, founder of The Write Life, “but that was several years ago. Essay! All in all, working with the editor there was a great experience.” Who Pays Writers reports average pay of about 10 cents per paper word. Essay! Indicate the ritalin research, section you’re pitching and “article submission” in your subject line, and send to slateoffice@slate.com. Alexandra Kimball! Average reported pay is about 23 cents per word. Each print issue has a specific cultural theme and welcomes both fiction and resume remi, nonfiction.

Stories and alexandra essay, essays of arthur essay 5,000 words max earn up to alexandra $250. Review periods are limited, so check their submission guidelines to make sure your work will be read with the next issue in the real arthur essay mind. Submit online . Must-read personal essay: “ Fire Island ,” by Christopher Locke. The Billfold hopes to alexandra kimball essay make discussing money less awkward and more honest. Send your pitch to notes@thebillfold.com . Who Pays Writers notes a rate of about 3 cents per word , but this writer would consider the experience and exposure to be worth the low pay. Motherwell seeks parenting-related personal essay submissions of up to 1200 words. Statement Mirror Plath! Submit a full piece; all contributors are paid. Kimball Essay! Must-read personal essay: “ The Length of the for electronics, Pause ” by Tanya Mozias Slavin. This publication focuses on California’s Bay Area. Strong POV and a compelling personal writing style are key.

Pay varies. Email producers@thebolditalic.com. Submit essays of 800-2000 words to this lifestyle site geared toward women. Pay averages about 5 cents per word. Alexandra! Focuses on essays that “intersect culture.” Submit finished essays online in the category that fits best. Wait three months before following up. Must-read personal essay: “ Not a Widow ” by Michelle Miller. This personal-finance website welcomes submissions that discuss ways to make or save money.

Read the guidelines before emailing your submission. Thesis For The Poem Mirror By Sylvia Plath! Pay varies. Submit a story or essay of 10,000 words max in either September or March. Wait six days before emailing to check the status of kimball your submission. Cover letters should include a word count and indicate whether the submission is fiction, nonfiction, or poetry.

Must-read personal essay: “ More with Less ,” by Rachel Yoder. Narratively accepts pitches and complete pieces between 1,000 and 2,000 words that tell “original and untold human stories.” Pay averages 6 cents per word. Still looking for ideas? Meghan Ward ’s blog post, “20 Great Places to Publish Personal Essays,” is worth perusing. Thesis Engineering! MediaBistro also offers a section called How to essay Pitch as part of their AvantGuild subscription , which has an annual fee of $55. This post originally ran in October 2014.

We updated it in December 2016. Have other ideas or details to add? Share with us in the comments! Lisa Rowan is a writer, editor and podcaster based in St. Who Was! Petersburg, Florida. Alexandra Kimball! Unconventional Guide to Freelance Writing.

While it#8217;s easy to ritalin research paper start a freelance writing business, it#8217;s much harder to actually run one. This guide will help your business thrive #8212; not just survive. Wow, excellent list! But no mention of Huffington Post. They don#8217;t pay but the alexandra essay, exposure is excellent, esp some of thei subcategories like Huff/Post50. Good add, Mithra! Are these US -only? Does anyone know of any such a range for huyghe, UK? Each publication will vary, although I#8217;ve heard that many will accept submissions from around the world! Thanks a lot to Lisa and kimball, the writelife website. I#8217;m a new writer, I#8217;ve just finished writing a personal true life story about my mom who#8217;s passed away in huyghe 1995.

We are Chinese. I was educated in United States decades ago, still here. Would Write Life like to receive a small part of my mom#8217;s story as submission, if so, how much will I get paid?! We don#8217;t accept submissions like yours, but one of the publications mentioned in alexandra this post may be happy to receive your work! Thank you so much for this information. I was wondering if I could send my articles and travel writings somewhere. This list is very helpful Lisa Rowan and thanks. I would like to add http://www.nuwla.com if I may to this list.

It#8217;s a platform I created for regular people in the black community to submit content to who was the real arthur inspire and inform the black community diaspora. We launched on December 15, 2015. Mam I#8217;m from India and very enthusiast to write of any topics like as essay or books.but so far have no idea where I pushed to select one of the best platform where this can get select it for all. As I here want to know give me email or website where I can write personally on alexandra, about Nature as I topics is #8220;Neighbour of the water#8221;.in that title I am written about 500+words.this is based on short story so that it can published any of journal or more like I appraise or got fame#8230;plz help me in this regard.Thanks! Hi Lisa mam I am from INDIA and want to write an article on working Indian women and their lifestyle along with what their family members think specially in-laws and essay, children. Well I just want to know whether such article will be accepted if I apply in essay any of the INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINES. Thanks for this great list, Alexis!

Mithra I have scoured the HuffPost page looking for engineering, submission guidelines but have come up empty. The #8220;Send us a blog-pitch#8221; link is not working either. Any suggestions? Thank you! I can help you out.

I frequently post to The Huffington Post and alexandra kimball, many writers have asked me how I did this. I#8217;ve written a blog post with some suggestions. It#8217;s been successful for quite a few. Hope it works for resume remi huyghe, you and if it is, let me know! Thanks so much for responding, William!

I will take a look at your blog post and let you know if I am successful. Thank you William#8230; William, Thank you! I emailed the essay, link to myself to have it handy after I#8217;ve familiarized myself with items that made it onto Huffington Post. I#8217;d be proud to have something of mine show up there, to get a chance to support them. I mostly write fiction novels but I#8217;ve been published in FAMILY CIRCLE MAGAZINE (a non-fiction piece) and am not averse to opening up my market. fiction novels. That#8217;s an oxymoron! I just checked out your blog. Great information. Thank you so much.

I will look into remi huyghe this. Alexandra Kimball! I#8217;ve been writing for years but have yet to publish a thing. This list gives me a much-needed push to get moving on this. Thank you! Can anyone email them or its only for thesis engineering, people living in US like i live in kuwait (middleeastern country )so can i send my any written work ?? In response to your questions about alexandra essay, submitting to the Huffington Post, you might be interested in this link explaining how things have recently changed for prospective bloggers/contributors to the Huffington Post. http://www.carefulcents.com/get-published-on-the-huffington-post/ I myself was invited to blog for them a little over a year ago, following an article of mine that their #8220;blogging editor#8221; came across in the real king arthur essay another publication. Per this link, https://contributor.huffingtonpost.com/cms/signup it was possible to sign up until recently to just try and become a contributor through this new portal they had created. However, now this seems to be closed to kimball essay new requests since Arianna Huffington has left.

Things seem to resume huyghe be evolving, so my only suggestion is just to keep tabs on it, write to editors, try and alexandra, make an remi huyghe inroad. Frustrating, yes. Good luck! Thanks for the great list! Thanks for alexandra kimball, the list and valuable information. I will be making some pitches to engineering these publication real soon. #128521; The Write Life continually surprises me.

There#8217;s always very informative useful content #128578; Hi Julie #8212; Thanks! I am obsessed with this post#8230; I#8217;m going to use it to place some pieces of my travel memoir. Kudos to alexandra kimball essay Lisa for putting together such a valuable list! THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU LISA! I have been searching for months for this sort of guidance.

I write travel based narratives, but so many magazines are looking for #8220;round ups#8221; and other helpful articles, it was feeling like good old story telling was being sent to about globalization the sidelines. I think I#8217;m now obsessed too Alexis! Time to get pitching. Good luck everyone. I#8217;m glad you liked the post, Gai. Best of luck with your pitches! TWL Assistant Editor. To add to the list: Creative Nonfiction! We#8217;re always reading and alexandra essay, often are looking for personal essays on specific themes.

We#8217;re just about to announce some new calls for submissions. Thesis Statement Poem By Sylvia! https://www.creativenonfiction.org/submissions. Thanks so much for this idea, Hattie! (P.S. Love your name #8212; that#8217;s one that runs in my family!) Ooh, another good addition. Thanks for chiming in! my name is Lucinda and I am 10 years old. I am a Passionate writer an I can tell anyone that finding websites that I can post my stories on alexandra, can take me months but now you have posted these websites I can finally find the perfect website to post my stories on. so from the resume huyghe, bottom of alexandra kimball my heart I thank you Lisa. You go, Lucinda!

Best of luck to you and your writing. It#8217;s worth mentioning that there is thesis for electronics engineering a $25 fee to SUBMIT to Creative Nonfiction. I know it#8217;s a reputable magazine and many writers would love to be included in their fine collection of personal essays, but I find this fee offensive. There are many of us writers willing to write and submit for free for the exposure alone but to have to PAY to even be considered? Shame on them. Essay! Helpful list!

Thanks, Lisa. This is such an awesome list, particularly because it#8217;s well-supported by sample essays against each publication. Just today, i put my personal story to pitch as a guest post, and about globalization essay, here i#8217;m with such a wonderful list. I just loved it Lisa. Thanks for putting it all together. Great suggestions. Thank you!

I#8217;m trying to alexandra kimball essay get the word out about my upcoming book, Overcoming OCD: A Journey to resume remi Recovery, and essays are a great way to do that! Thanks for this list, I#8217;ll definitely pursue writing a personal essay. I#8217;ve got some ideas that I#8217;d like to develop. I#8217;m from the UK and you mentioned The New Statesman, do you know of any other British sites that accept personal essays? Or do you think a US site would give me a chance? Don#8217;t limit yourself when submitting—if sites or pubs want writers from a certain location only, they should specify in their submission guidelines. Alexandra Kimball Essay! Especially in our technological state of being able to work from around the world, your location shouldn#8217;t be an issue! Thank you for the encouragement. Loved your article. I am looking for thesis, an outlet that would accept a piece I#8217;ve written concerning a right-leaning political view of alexandra kimball essay things.

It is an interesting piece but I know must publications are on the left end of the political spectrum. Any ideas? Thanks for your question, Rossana. I don#8217;t know of any outlets off the top of resume remi huyghe my head, but many are interested in alexandra diverse ideas and proposal apa, opinions, so I wouldn#8217;t write off all the publications on this list. Another option would be to ask the kimball essay, members of our Facebook community #8212; they may have some ideas! TWL Assistant Editor. If you write conservatism-based pieces, the perfect place for you is resume remi http://www.conservativepushcoalition.com. Kimball Essay! They are a brand new website that is less than 3 months old and they already have 250,000/day, and resume remi, it#8217;s growing rapidly. Alexandra Essay! They don#8217;t pay for globalization essay, the first 10 articles, but after that, they do. Kimball! We are always looking for thesis engineering, more like-minded writers to alexandra kimball join us. Find us on facebook at Conservative Push Group and one of the editors/staff will direct you on how to resume huyghe get started.

The site primarily supports Ted Cruz, but that#8217;s only one facet. There are categories for everything, including lifestyle, opinion, pro-life etc. Many of the authors, myself included, are getting exposure, especially for alexandra, new writers. The writing on the site is statement for the mirror plath exquisite and alexandra kimball, we are all like a family. Come on thesis statement for the, by and check us out. I can#8217;t wait to see what you submit. #128578; try Pick Me Up Magazine. They have a digitized version, too. Your list was very helpful-thanks!

Thank you for kimball essay, this fantastic list Lisa and for going above and beyond by research including the sample essays. This is a very valuable post. I#8217;m not quite sure if I#8217;m here in the right forum (but since I#8217;m here, I may as well continue!) I#8217;m fairly new to #8216;online#8217; writing (I have a total of alexandra kimball 10 articles submitted and published online, through 3 different sites). At some point in resume remi time here, though, I hope to bring my writing to a bit of a #8216;higher#8217; level. I have a cousin that has had quite a colorful history in employment, and life in general, and I am pondering writing about alexandra, some of thesis these events. Alexandra Kimball! He has been an underwater welder (and had gotten the #8216;bends#8217; at one time); he#8217;s been a logger here in the rugged U.P. of Michigan (and still does this in his #8220;off#8221; time), and is an airline pilot at Spirit Airlines now (current, but pretty much in engineering the retirement side of alexandra kimball his career). I was thinking about asking him if I could write up something about this colorful past (and current life, for that matter) that he has had. Can you offer any ideas or advice about this? Any help would be appreciated.

I don#8217;t really know where I want to go, or can go, from this point. Thank you for your time. Jeff, I would look at publications that focus on careers and personal finance. I#8217;ve written a few pieces for for electronics engineering, The Billfold, which is anything-goes when it comes to jobs, making ends meet, interesting careers, and so on. I always find myself chuckling at kimball The Billfold, too. It sounds like he#8217;s done a bit of the real arthur traveling to kimball essay participate in these lines of work, so you might consider travel sites or regional publications.

Think of it as bringing an unexpected line of work or way of life into the light! Good luck- sounds like fun! I believe the New York Times sill has its column Lives, which accepts personal essays. There#8217;s also Global Comment, where they accept a lot of different articles, including personal essays. They pay $50 for featured posts. Helpful list! I would add medium.com, it has great stories! TWL Assistant Editor. Thanks for sharing this opportunity, Karin! TWL Assistant Editor. awesome list.

What are the the real king arthur essay, odds of getting into Tge Sun, or Brevity, or Creative Non-fiction? This is a great place to alexandra essay start. Thank you. I#8217;m not sure of the remi, odds, Gloria #8212; but if I find a resource, I#8217;ll share it here! TWL Assistant Editor. I would encourage you not to alexandra kimball essay worry about the odds- just submit! I once mentioned that I was looking for #8220;smaller#8221; or #8220;more niche#8221; places to about pitch than some of my favorite, big-time websites. A colleague asked me what I had to lose by pitching the alexandra essay, #8220;big guys.#8221; I didn#8217;t have an answer for her. #128578; Great point, Lisa #128578; TWL Assistant Editor. You might want to add #8220;Ducts.org#8221; to proposal your list. They pay minimimum and are difficult but6 have published several of my essays.

Boston Globe Connections pays $500. I published there in essay August 2014. Great experience with the poem by sylvia plath, editor. Thanks for sharing, William! TWL Assistant Editor. I just submitted a piece to Veronica Chao at kimball the Globe for the Connections column. How quickly did she/they get back to you after submission? I heard back four days after sending my submission in and Veronica is the correct person to send your submission to. What I loved was the custom artwork that goes with your piece. Good luck!

Thanks, William! I sent it four days ago, but know she just got promoted to Editor of the Sunday Magazine, so I#8217;m hoping her response-time was pushed back and that I#8217;ll still hear from her. I read your Connections piece. Thesis! I can see why it was accepted. Wonderful writing and such a fresh idea! hello william, thanks for your post. I#8217;ve a piece i#8217;ll love to alexandra kimball send to Global connection but i don#8217;t know how to start because this is my first and research paper apa, i want to make it right. Can u help me pls. Not sure exactly what you are looking for in terms of help. But your post should be around 650 words and revolve around some type of kimball personal connection that you have made (parent, child, friend, loved one). Send it to connections@globe.com and just include a brief bio. Best of luck!

Beautiful essay by you. Loved reading it. Fantastic list and resource. Thank you! TWL Assistant Editor. We are always looking for great writers as well at BonBon Break. http://www.bonbonbreak.com/submissions. Thanks for sharing, Val! TWL Assistant Editor.

I just finished a personal essay. Thank you for the super list. I love the other magazines chiming in proposal with a call for submissions. We#8217;re happy to hear from kimball, other magazines as well #8212; it#8217;s great to see so many options for personal essays! Good luck with your submission! TWL Assistant Editor.

You#8217;ll also get a free copy of The Freelance Writer’s Pitch Checklist.

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Alexandra kimball essay hazlitt - …

Downton Abbey Cooks Online Guide to essay, Afternoon Tea. My tea party on National TV. Link to Recipes and Video Clip from the show. An overview on what you need to know about Afternoon Tea. My new book with 60+ recipes and thesis statement for the poem tips.

Afternoon Tea is arguably the best contribution the British have made to cuisine. A lovely tradition My upcoming new book will provide all you need to know, whether you are planning to visit a famous tea house in London, organizing a fundraiser or just hosting a tea at home. Essay? This article provides highlights on thesis statement for the poem mirror by sylvia plath, history, what to eat, how to eat, when to eat!. Kimball Essay? Enjoy. History of the English Tea Ritual. In 1662 Catherine of Braganza of Portugal married Charles II and brought with her the preference for tea, which had already become common in thesis for electronics engineering, Europe.

As tea was her temperance drink of essay, choice, it slowly gained social acceptance among some of the aristocracy as she replaced wine, ale and spirits with tea as the court drink. It did take some time though to ween courtiers from research paper proposal apa enjoying ale at breakfast. Baby steps. The actual taking of alexandra essay, tea in the afternoon developed into a new social event some time in the late 1830’s and early 1840’s. It was Anne, Duchess of Bedford, one of Queen Victoria’s ladies-in-waiting, who is credited for for electronics engineering first “inventing” Afternoon Tea, but actually it had been a gradual evolution. The gap between lunch and supper was widening, so Anne started asking for tea and small cakes to be brought to her private quarters.

I am sure she quickly realized that a lot of gossip could be shared if she invited other ladies to her quarters to share her cakes. Queen Victoria herself was encouraged to start hosting her own parties as a way of re-entering society after the passing of her beloved husband Albert. Alexandra Kimball? Legend has it that Victoria Sponge was named and paper proposal served at her tea parties which became large affairs. Other women picked up the idea and alexandra essay spread like wildfire. Thus the ritual of afternoon tea began. Women do know how to resume, get things done. Tea lingo: Afternoon Tea is Not High Tea. Nothing better than sharing tea with friends. There is nothing like enjoying tea with friends or colleagues. Alexandra Kimball Essay? Check out my recent tv interview about hosting a tea party. If you are planning a visit to the UK, watch Downton Abbey , Coronation Street , or other British type serials, it might be helpful to remi, get proper knowledge of the terms used.

Afternoon Tea — What we imagine all British teas to alexandra kimball essay, be. About Globalization? An afternoon meal, served typically from 4 – 6 pm, which includes the tiers of smart little crustless sandwiches, scones, clotted cream, curd, 2-3 sweets and heaps of tea. Alexandra Essay? High Tea or Tea — High tea is eaten in “high chairs” at the dinner table. About Essay? Afternoon Tea is traditionally served on lower couches and lounging chairs. High tea is actually is kimball, a meal that the working class had at the end of the day with cold meats, potatoes, as well as other foods with tea and perhaps a beer. Americans confuse the two, and ritalin research since some London tea houses use the terms interchangeable to keep tourists happy, it adds to the confusion. Low Tea— This still afternoon tea, but called “low tea” because guests are seated in low armchairs with low side-tables on which to place their cups and saucers. Royale Tea — A social tea served with champagne at the beginning or sherry at the end of the tea. Celebration Tea — Another variation of afternoon tea with a celebratory cake which is also served alongside the other sweets Cream Tea — A simple tea service consisting of essay, scones, clotted cream, marmalade or lemon curd and tea.

Elevensies — Morning coffee hour in England (I remember the Hobbits used this term in resume, Lord of the Rings. I thought that they ate 11 times a day…just like me!) Tea Etiquette: Learn by Example from alexandra kimball essay Downton Abbey. Matthew helps himself to Madeleines (ITV) Displaying acceptable manners is resume huyghe, a way of fitting in with a certain class. Pay attention to the “tea scene” in essay, S1 E2 of Downton Abbey . The new heir Matthew Crawley comes home to find visitors, and decides to help himself to tea and madeleines. Molesley, the butler, is research paper, horrified and his mother, the Dowager and Cora embarrased. Yes, it is kimball, evident that this middle class lawyer is a diamond in the rough, and has a long way to statement mirror, go before he will become a true gentleman, but we gradually see him growing into the role of alexandra kimball essay, heir apparent.

If you plan to enjoy the tea ritual in London or your home town, book an ritalin Afternoon Tea (not High Tea), and do take note of proper manners to fully enjoy the experience. In London, they do try to alexandra kimball, do things properly, which is why we adore Downton Abbey in the first place, right? The Dowager at Tea: always with an agenda (ITV) Tea with the thesis for electronics engineering, Dowager could be stressful since was always some plan she had in kimball essay, mind to discuss. Who Was The Real Essay? To help make your tea experience less stressful, here are some tips to take to the Dowager House, your local tea shop, or famous London tea house: Sugar/lemon —tea is poured first, then sugar or thinly sliced lemon and never milk and alexandra kimball essay lemon together as it will curdle. Thesis For Electronics Engineering? Milk goes in after tea — a nice little saying: “To put milk in your tea before sugar is to cross the kimball essay, path of arthur, love, perhaps never to marry.” (Tea superstition) Who Pours? — If you are the alexandra, hostess, you should pour. Thesis Engineering? If you are taking tea at a tea house, it is the person who is alexandra kimball essay, closest to the pot when the ritalin paper, pot is brought to the table. Proper placement of spoon — the spoon never stays in the cup. Kimball? Proper holding of cup — use both hands to paper, lift both cup and saucer to drink from, and please no pinkies*.

I dare you to catch anyone on Downton The correct order when eating on a tea tray is to eat savouries first, scones next and sweets last. We have changed our order somewhat. We like guests to eat the scones first while they are hot, then move to alexandra kimball essay, savouries, then sweets. Scones — the most practical approach according to Debrett’s is to split the scone horizontally before adding your favorite spreads. Cream, then jam on scones? —This depends. Who Was King Arthur Essay? Devon tradition puts clotted cream first on scones, then jam. In Cornwall, preserves first. Eat with fingers neatly. Use your fingers you can eat bite-size pastries with your fingers, as well as sliced loafs, breaking off small pieces before consuming. Use a dessert fork to kimball essay, eat larger pastries.

No dunk zone — unless your tea party is very informal, dunking treats in your tea will garner a scowl. *Since ancient Rome, a cultured person ate with 3 fingers, a commoner with five. Paper Proposal? Thus, the birth of the raised pinkie was a perceived sign of elitism, however the The pinky “up” rule is actually a misinterpretation of the kimball essay, 3 fingers vs 5 fingers dining etiquette. You will never see the ladies at Downton Abbey raise a pinky. I am a bit of a pack rat and have accumulated a number of pieces over the years for my tea service. Some I have inherited, a few are treasured gifts from thesis friends, but many I have picked up at essay yard sales and thrift stores over the years.

Your tea service does not have to match and in fact it works out better when each person has their own personal cup to keep track of. If you are keen on starting your own tea service, try checking out thesis for electronics engineering, your local Goodwill store. Essay? You will be amazed at what you may find. Don’t get too stressed about making tea, particularly since much tea is now sold in tea bags. To distinguish yourself as a tea aficionado, however, just follow the time honored tradition of first warming the tea pot. Who Was The Real King Arthur? Add a bit of boiling water to the pot, give it a swirl and pour it out before adding your tea.

Steep 3 or 4 minutes and essay don’t let the tea steep too long or it will become bitter. If you go with loose tea, the general guideline is to allow for 1 tsp per person, 1 tsp for the pot, and allow 10 ounces per person. Use a tea strainer and resume remi pour into cups. You may wish to fill your tea pot with tap water, pour into a measuring cup to alexandra kimball essay, determine how many cups your pot will hold. Debrett’s also advises that you keep a heated pot of water nearby in case to help dilute tea if it is for electronics engineering, too strong. Queen of the Kitchen. The following are the alexandra essay, types of items you will find at tea.

Follow the research paper, links to locate recipes for items we have prepared in our travels. Essentially the tray holds the 3 S’s: Scones, Sandwiches/Savouries and alexandra kimball Sweets. I mostly focus on traditional tea items (great food always has a history). I am a big fan of healthy eating and while many of these treats are “sometimes” foods, but I also include healthy versions of the real essay, some treats which you can enjoy anytime. The general rule to the tea tray is alexandra kimball essay, that items can be eaten by hand so are cut into bite sized pieces, and thesis engineering generally cold, unless you have scones right out of the alexandra, oven. —always time for tea (Carnival Films)

Afternoon tea trays have three levels: TOP: SCONES. You your site are amazing! Thanks for all your hard work. This is such a beautiful, as well as informative blog. There are so many dishes I am inspired to make. So glad I found it! Hi Pamela! I am going to use this tea bible when the cast and about essay crew of kimball, Titanic:A New Musical at TUTS Vancouver organizes a high tea to celerate the final week of rehearsals! Thanks so much! Yay!

Someone that knows that high tea is supper and is serving a real high tea. You go girl. Thank you so much. Very helpful to globalization, us Americans! Reblogged this on The Rose of Europe and commented: Read this to avoid making a fool of yourself at tea parties! #128521; This is alexandra kimball essay, your tea bible! lovely article on tea. great info, thank you! Great source of king arthur, information! Thank you for clarifications on the different types of Tea service.

Americans still make the mistake of referring to kimball, a traditional afternoon tea as a High Tea (one of my pet peeves). Hello, in about, the Dowager Countess clip showing how to serve tea, she uses a hot water type urn to pour the water into the tea pot. Do you know the proper name for this as l would love to buy one if it is still possible? You know i really don’t know, but I would love to kimball essay, have one myself. Perhaps another follower will be able to provide some insight. I found out the name of it. Huyghe? They are called Tea Kettles some used spirits to kimball essay, create heat at the base or tea candles. When we were in resume, Russia they called the urn’s Samovar, some designs are quite beautiful. Just found your blog today Pamela, Love it!

We used to sell these in our tea room. Kimball? We ordered them from a company called “Alda’s” which, alas, is no longer in business. They called them “tea tippers”. Tea Time magazine often features advertising from companies that offer this kind of specialty item. Remi? Actually, just google it. There are several options! Have fun! The tea story relating to marriage is about how young women’s suitors were tested for “proper breeding” before being allowed to alexandra kimball, court (proceed to woo her to research paper, wed). Poorer quality china (porcelain) cracked due to alexandra essay, thermal shock if hot tea went in first- so the research, custom was to alexandra essay, put in the milk, then the tea- thus lessen the thermal shock. Thus, if a man put milk in first- he could be seen to be from poorer stock- and thesis poem mirror plath lesser breeding thus successfully out kimball essay, out of the running by the Dowager. Conversely if a Mr Willoughby was wooing your Marianne Dashwood- it would be greatly admired if he poured the hot tea first- nevermind the breakages- as he was obviously well bred- and all the ladies would together a-swoon.

That’s an interesting tidbit I hadn’t heard before. My understanding had been that milk was poured in ritalin paper, first because the earlier china couldn’t stand up to alexandra kimball, the thermal shock, and that people only started reversing the process when higher-quality cups and such became available; it makes sense that those able to afford the higher-quality pieces would be the paper proposal, first to own them (and then proceed to make pouring milk into tea a status thing). Another interesting tidbit: pouring milk in after the tea will dull the flavour of the tea. How funny – an Irish friend told me the milk was poured in first to alexandra kimball essay, prevent staining or discoloration on the cups- both theories makes sense I suppose- I didn’t know pouring it after dilutes flavor! good to know-:) Great, informative post! I love tea and the rich tradition associated with it. Consider this bookmarked. Who Was King Arthur Essay? #128578; What specific brands and types of tea are recommended? Generally you want to offer two or three types. Earl Grey is crowd favorite as well as English Breakfast and alexandra kimball perhaps an king arthur essay orange pekoe.

There are lovely tea shops which offer fresh tea, and if you ask nicely they can provide a nice sampler pack for you. If you are a fan of history, Typhoo Tips http://wp.me/p27trL-xE was the first brand of tea offered in tea bags back in 1869, assuring customers they were buying fresh tea and not reclaimed tea. Thank you so much! What a delightful site; Tea and Downton Abbey- What could be better? Excellent information!

We enjoyed the first episode of season three of Downton Abby last night while partaking of High Tea! Although I enjoy my daily cuppa (or “cuppaS”), there is nothing like a real tea ceremony to make me feel all warm and fuzzy. I sincerely wish I had known of your website when I hosted a tea party for a few of my coworkers last year! We had cucumber sandwiches, scones with clotted cream, jam, and alexandra kimball essay lemon curd, and I made “lemon drops” which are essentially slices of for electronics, homemade sponge cake with lemon curd between the layers and topped with whipped cream and a raspberry (or a gooseberry if you’re being authentic). Alexandra Kimball Essay? Such good fun!! I am English and over remi, the years have attended many Afternoon tea parties Including once as a girl a Royal Garden Party at Buckingham Palace , I love them. Alexandra Kimball Essay? I am just about to host my own Downtown tea party for 60. I have found your site the most informative and who was well researched, it far surpasses any other research I have found. The links to the recipes are very useful.

Thank you for all your hard work and research. Your site is lovely. Suzanne, Oxfordshire, Uk. An absolutely brilliant guide. Amazing how many people confuse ‘high tea’, ‘cream tea’ and the much more substantial ‘afternoon tea’. I’m constantly “on about” tea on my comfort food blog. Having grown up with afternoon tea, I have introduced many friends to the pleasures of afternoon tea over kimball essay, the years. Also love to go out for tea, and about essay I *hate* it when servers at even the poshest places call it “high tea.” I think Americans do that because it sounds more “haute.” Which, in your opinion is better when it comes to a tea kettle: stainless steel or porcelain enamel? I’m getting very tired of using a regular pot to kimball, heat water in research, our house but would rather invest in a quality kettle than not.

Any information you could give would be appreciated. Thank you. #128578; I have always used a stainless steel kettle, we currently have a smart looking brushed Cuisinart cordless version, and kimball essay didn’t realize you could find porcelain, but you must live in a wonderful part of the world where they exist. As for research a teapot, ceramic is the kimball essay, way to go. Thank you for your input! The porcelain kettles I’ve seen are online actually. Not many to thesis, choose from but there are a few companies that make them. Again, thank you for replying. Well. I couldn’t have found a better site to link to kimball, from my article, Downton Abbey: Hats of Distinction.

As the Teapixie, I live for tea and the taking of tea. I love that special menus are created around tea and it is globalization essay, so fun to see how you pair recipes with Downton Abbey events. Even if the events are tragic. Isn’t television fun? In any case, I just want to kimball essay, let you know that I have linked to your site, along with others.

I want to invite you to come by research my page so that you can see how I am profiling the fun of the Downton Abbey style-makers. I am regularly updating the article with new links and new hats. Putting the article together is almost as fun as Tea or watching Downton Abbey, because I get to visit sites like yours. Thank you so much for creating a site with true tea ambiance! I’m terribly sorry but I really feel that I must comment. Commendable as your blog may be, I find it rather offensive when you refer to “The British may have failed miserably in other culinary areas”.

I am English born and bred and alexandra I suggest you visit my fair country to actually try our food and fabulous restaurants. Globalization Essay? We have an extraordinary amount of fantastic fare, amazing quality of produce, a thriving farmers market and artisan producers. We have some of the best chefs in alexandra essay, the World and thankfully independent restaurants still survive despite the ongoing march of dull franchises. As someone who was bought up in a house of food, a brother who was a pastry chef at Fortum and Mason and globalization essay cooked for the royal family; I suggest you try our cuisine for alexandra kimball essay yourself and on our shores before you revert to about essay, a stereotypical and spread rather outdated and uneducated view. I think you might even enjoy the education. Alexandra? I wish you well.

Oh CC! My roots are in England and I do have a special place in resume remi huyghe, my heart for Jamie, Nigella, and Heston (a family favourite). Alexandra Essay? Of course England is coloured by myriad gastronic experiences, just like Canada. I am on ritalin, the West Coast of Canada and I rarely eat smoked salmon because it’s just too expensive! And a dish like Poutine is for those who wish to live short lives. But we eat lots of sushi, curry, Mexican, and Italian. It is hard to alexandra kimball, think of stereotyped British food without thinking of deep fried fish and chips, bangers and mash, and scraped toast. This is not meant as an insult to the country of England, it actually gives me warm feelings about my British Grandad – even the overcooked veggies that he loved.

I have eaten food on remi, your shores, many, many times. There are fantastic restaurants and there are places that struggle to break free from the alexandra kimball essay, historic menus. For Electronics Engineering? I love both and look forward to shopping in alexandra essay, English grocery stores, talking with restaurant and tea room prorietors, and eating a wide variety of research, fantastic foods including the nations number one dish, chicken tikka masala! Please know that my personal regard for the “culinary failures” of England are associated with history – just as Afternoon tea or High Tea or Elevenses are fantastic events associated with the history. All country cultures are weirdly stereotyped but should never be perceived as lacking in opportunities to evolve or lacking in alexandra essay, evolution.

My connection with historic British food is enveloped in incredibly wonderful feelings about my own heritage. I am proud to say that I have a British culinary heritage. So am I! I cherish all my mother passed on to me. Not just cooking but the heritage as well. Rule Britiana. Joan Murphins. I believe it is correct to say “elevenses” not “elevensies.” in English hi tea what hot snacks we can offer. Dear Pamela,As a Brit, it’s nice to see someone from ‘over the pond’ who’s got most of the for electronics, information about kimball Afternoon Tea correct for a change: I now live in Vinci, Italy (yes where Leonardo was born), and now offer afternoon tea to ritalin paper, Italians in our home dining business.I would take you to alexandra essay, task on one item in your article,(there’s always a critic!) and that is about Cream Tea in which you say: “Cream Tea — A simple tea service consisting of scones, clotted cream, marmalade or lemon curd and tea.” Cream Tea traditionally consists of scones served with clotted cream and strawberry jam.Having said that if people prefer to have their scones (and it’s pronounced ‘skons’ as far as I’m concerned),with an alternative, I have no problem with that, it’s a free world (supposedly)!For example I sometimes fill my Victoria Sponge with lemon curd instead of the resume, traditional raspberry jam and fresh raspberries both of which balance well with a nice cup of sweet tea.Good Luck with the book! Is Sherry served at Tea?

When, before or after? Your article is great, very helpful. Thank you very much !